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高考英语重点语法回顾-------定语从句 关系代词 关系副词 人 物 (状语) _____________ __________ that 用法考点:_____________ 关系词的作用__________

注意标点符号和连词、介词的作用,试做: The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, ______are beyond our control. A. most of them B. most of which C. most of what D. most of that(08 湖南) 变化 1The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors; ______are beyond our control. 变化 2The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, and______are beyond our control. 变化 3The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, ______ beyond our control. 考点 1:关系代词还是副词 1)Anyway, that evening, ____ I’ll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’s place. A. when A. which A. he explained A. that A. where 6) The school shop, A.which B. where B. what C. what C. that D. which D. where (04 浙江) 2)The Science Museum, ________ we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London’s tourist attractions. (08 江苏) D. why he explained life has developed gradually. 3)Is this the reason __ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? (02 上海春) B. what he explained C. which C. how he explained D. whose(10 福建) development is recognized across the world. C. whose C.when D.where whose 的用法:___________________________ we may return in the near future. (10 上海) C. to which C. of which C. after which C. of which D. from which D. for which (07 重庆) D. from this D. that (10 重庆) 4)Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planets B. where B. which B.whose 5)In China, the number of cities increasing

customers are mainly students,is closed for the holidays. (11 四川)

解题关键:____________________________ 考点 2:介词+关系代词介词的选择 1)Wind power is an ancient source of energy A. on which A. with which A. from which A. for which B. by which B. to which B. after that B. in which

2) Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree ______ they can be controlled on purpose. 3).He was educated at a local grammar school, ______ he went on to Cambridge. (05 山东) 4)For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread our further, _______ New York is an example. D. from which (08 四川) 解题关键:_______________________________________________________________ 考点 3:as、which 用于非限制性定语从句 1)_______ is known to everyone, the moon travels round the earth once every month.(NMET01) A. That B. It??? C. Which D. As has been discovered, is happening in the first year of life, so parents should talk C. which D. this 2) Alot of language learning, A. as B. it

much to their children during that period. (12 安徽) 解题关键:_________________________________ as 用法归纳:_______________________________ 难点 1:分隔式定语从句

The film brought the hours back to me______ I was taken good care of in that far-away village. A.until B.that C.when D.where (01 全国) 解题关键:_______________________________________________________________ 难点 2:带有插入语的定语从句 —Is that the small town you often refer to? —Right, just the one __ you know I used to work for years. (05 福建) A. that B. which C. where D. what 解题关键:_______________________________________________________________ 难点 3 抽象名词做先行词 1).It’s helpful to put children in a situation_____ they can see themselves differently. A.that B.when C.which D.where( 09 福建) 2)We are trying to reach a point ____ both sides will sit down together and talk. A. which B. that C. where D. when(06 山东) --- Yes,there’s one point ___we must insist on. (06 江西)

3) --- Do you have anything to say for yourselves? A.why B.where A. why D./

4)I can think of many cases _______ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. ( 03 上海 ) B. which B. by which C. as C. which D. where D. that 5) Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes_____ people were eaten by the tiger. (05 广东) A. in which A. when A. what A. which B. whose B. in what B. that C. when C. which 6)Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ___ sight matters more than hearing. D. where(07 天津) C. which D. where D. in which (12 湖南) 7) Care of the soul is a gradual process ____ even the small details of life should be considered. 8)Sales director is a position ___communication ability is just as important as sales skills. (12 重庆) 解题关键:_______________________________________________________________ 冰点 1 介词+关系副词的定语从句(解题关键:特殊情况特殊处理) The book was written in 1946, __ the education system has witnessed great changes. A.when B.during which C.since then D.since when(07 山东) 冰点 2 which 作定语 A. during which time 冰点 3 定语从句的省略 Frank's dream was to have his own shop ____ to produce the workings of his own hands. (05 湖南) Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, ____he studied very hard and was B. for which time C. during whose time D. by that time

made Chairman of the Students' Union. (05 重庆)

A. that

B. in which

C. by which

D. how

冰点 4 先行词类别难以判断(人还是物、时间还是地点) 1 Her sister has become a lawyer, A. who B. that she wanted to be. (05 湖北). C. what D. which

2) After the flooding, people were suffering in that area,____ urgently needed clean water,medicine and shelter to survive. A. which B. who C. where D. what (12 江苏) 3)Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, __________ the audience can buy ice-cream.(11 江苏) A.When B.Where C.that D.which 4)She’ll never forget her stay there ____ she found her son who had gone missing two years before. A. that B. which C. where D. when (09 四川)

沸点:和其他从句的区别 1)---Where did you last see Mr. Smith? A. that A. as treasured. A. what A. as B. which C. where B. that B. if C. so ---It was in the hotel____ I lived. (07 山东) D. when D. and D. where C. that (06 广东) D. where

2)His plan was such a good one ______ we all agreed to accept it.(06 陕西) 3)Jenny was very sad over the loss of the photos she had shot at Canada, ____ this was a memory she especially C. when 4) Modern science has given clear evidence ______ smoking can lead to many diseases. (11 天津) B. which 山东 8 年高考定语从句回顾 1.Maria has written two novels, both of ___ have been made into television series.(12 山东) A. them B. that C. which D. what

2.The old town has narrow streets and small houses _____are built close to each other.(11 山东) A. they B. where C. what D. that 3.That’s the new machine ______ parts are too small to be seen.(10 山东). A. that B. which C. whose D. what 4. Whenever I met her, _________ was fairly often, she greeted me with a sweet smile.(09 山东) A. who B. which C. when D. that 5.Occasions are quite rare ____ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. (08 山东) A. who B. which C. why D. when ---It was on the farm C.which D.where (07 年山东) we worked. (07 山东)

6.---Where did you get to know her? A.that B.there

7.The book was written in 1946, A.when

the education system has witnessed great charges. C.since then D.since when

B.during which

8.We’re just trying to teach a point ____ both sides will sit down together and talk. A. where B. that C. when D. which

(06 山东)

9.He was educated at a local grammar school, ______ he went on to Cambridge.(05 山东) A. from which B. after that C. after which D. from this 分析归纳预测:________________________________________________________________________________ 高考英语重点语法回顾----名词性从句 复合句中具有名词性质并且可以做主语、表语、同位语或宾语的从句叫名词性从句。因此,我们把主语从句、 表语从句、同位语从句和宾语从句这四种从句统称为名词性从句。 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类 连 接 词 __________ 不充当从句的任何成分)连接代词 ___________ : : ( 。 : (主、宾、表、定等) 连接副词:_______________________(从句中作状语) 一.考查引导词 that 与 what/which 等连接代词的区别 1. The companies are working together to create A. which A. what B. that B. that C. what C. which they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. D. who (08 北京) D. why

2.Perseverance is a kind of quality --- and that’s ______ it takes to do anything well.(02 上海) 3. ______ he referred to in his article was unknown to the general reader. (07 上海)

A. That A. whatever

B. What B. whichever

C. Whether C. whenever

D. Where D. wherever

4. As many as five courses are provided, and you are free to choose _____ suits you best. (12 陕西) 解题关键:_____________________________________________________________ 二.考察连接代词、副词的区别 1. It is none of your business ______ other people think about you. Believe yourself. (07 福建) A. how A. what B. what B. which C. which C. that D. when D. where 2.A modern city has been set up in was a wasteland ten years ago. (04 天津)

解题关键:_____________________________________________________________ 三.考察 wh---和 wh---ever 及 no matter wh—的区别 1.______wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. (08 浙江) A. Anyone A. who A. What A. which A who B. The one B. whom B. Who B. whichever C. what C. Whoever C. whoever C. Whatever D. whatever (09 陕西) D whoever D. Who D. whomever (12 福建) D. that 2.We promise _____ attends the party a chance to have a photo taken with the movie star. 3._______makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. (06 辽宁). 4. --- Could you do me a favor? (06 北京) 5.The how to book can be of help to B whomever --- It depends on ______ it is. wants to do the job. C no matter who

解题关键:who_________________________ whoever__________________________ what________________________ whatever__________________________ wh--ever______________________ no matter wh----_____________________ 四.考察对上下文语境的理解 1.The last time we had great fun was ___ we were visiting the Water Park. A. where A. where B. how B. what C. when C. when D. why (08 天津) D. why 2.Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That’s ______ the best jobs are.(07 浙江) 解题关键:_____________________________________________________________ 五.借名词性从句考察时态语序代词等 1.As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when __________ and see him. (05 北京) A. you will come A. This is B. will you come C. That is C. you come D. It is D. do you come 2.The Foreign Minister said, "____ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace. " (04 北京) B. There is 解题关键:_____________________________________________________________ 注意:语序在解题中的作用 1.The shocking news made me realize terrible problems we would face.(11 北京) A. what B. how C. that D. why 2.It is not always easy for the public to see _______ use a new invention can be of to human life.(11 重庆) A. whose B. What C. which D. that 3.Parents are taught to understand ______ important education is to their children's future. (04 广东) A. that B. how C. such D. so

山东 8 年高考名词性从句回顾 1.It doesn’t matter _____ you pay by cash or credit card in this store. (12 山东) A. how B. whether C. what D. why

2.We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know______ she’ll accept it. (11 山东) A. where B. what C. whether D. which 3. I’m afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is ______he never finishing anything. (11 山东) A. that B. when C. where D. why 4.Before the sales start, I make a list of ______ my kids will need for the coming season. (10 山东). A. why B. what C. how D. which 5._____ was most important to her, she told me, was her family. (08 山东) A. It B. This C. What D. As is in charge of International Sales ,please? (07 山东) B.someone C.whoever matter who (06 山东)

6.Could I speak to A.anyone

7.____ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what A. why it does B. No matter which C Whatever (06 山东) D. what it is D. whichever

8.I just wonder ____ that makes him so excited. B. what he does

C. how it is

9.The shopkeeper did not want to sell for ______ he thought was not enough.(05 山东) A. where B. how C. what D. which 分析归纳预测:________________________________________________________________________________ 高考英语重点语法回顾------状语从句 1.时间状语从句(重点:牢记相互区别的不同用法) 引导时间状语从句的有:从属连词:when,as,while,before,after,since,till/until,as soon as,once,……等。 名词短语:next time, every time, the moment, the minute 等等。 1)as、when、while 用法 I like tea while she likes coffee. While I understand what you said, I don’t agree with you. We were having a meeting when someone broke in. We were about to set off on our way when it suddenly began to rain He had just finished his home work when someone asked him to play basketball. 特别注意下列句子中 when 的含义: Why do you want a new job when you have got such a good one? They kept trying when they knew it was hopeless. 2).before: before 的用法: before 引导时间状语从句含义颇多, 既可以表示“还未来得及…就…”, 也可以表示“在…… 之后……才;“在……之前就……”等含义。 We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land. Please write it down before you forget it. before 构成的固定句型 It will be a year before you leave school. 几种特殊句型结构的区别:

Before I could get in a word, he had measured me It was a long time before I got to sleep again.

3)since:It is/has been three years since I began to smoke . (区别 It is three years since I smoked .)

1)It is/has been + 时间段 + since 从句(一般过去时)“自从……以来有多长时间了。” (2)It will be + 时间段 + before 从句(一般现在时)“还要过多长时间……才/就会……” (3)It was + 时间段 + before 从句(一般过去时)“过了多长时间才/就……” (4)It is/was + 时刻 + when 从句(一般过去时)“某事发生时是什么时候。” 2.地点状语从句:地点状语从句由 where,anywhere, wherever 引导。where 指“在---的地方”,wherever 指“在--的任何地方”。 3. 原因状语从句 引导原因状语从句的连词有:because,as,since,when(既然),now that(既然)等。注意:for 表示的原因并不说明主句行为发生的直接原因,只是提供一些有利于说明情况的补充说明。且不可位于主句前。 1)------Why were you absent from the meeting? 2)As it is raining, we shall not go to the park. ------Because I was ill. 3)Now that/Since everybody is here, let’s begin our class.

注意:It must have rained last night, for it is wet all over. 4.目的状语从句:目的状语从句连词有:in case“以免,以防万一” ,in order that“为了……,以便……”。so that 引导状语从句只能置于主句之后。in order that 引导状语从句可放主句之前或之后。目的状语从句的谓语常含有 can,could,may,might,would 等情态动词。这也是与结果状语从句的一个区别。 I’ll speak slowly so that/in order that you can understand me. He put the name down in case/for fear that/lest he should forget. 5. 结果状语从句(注意:so that 引导目的和结果状语从句的区别) 结果状语从句的连词有:so that,so…that…, such…that….结果状语放在主句之后。常见句型结构有:(1) so + 形容词/副词+ that 从句;(2) such a/an + 形容词+ 可数名词单数+that 从句;(3) so + 形容词+ a/an + 可数名词单数+that 从句;(4)such + 形容词+ 可数名词复数/ 不可数名词+that 从句 He worked hard at his lessons, so that he gained high grades in the exams.The boy is so young that he can't go to school. He told us such a funny story/so funny a story that we all laughed. 6.条件状语从句引导条件状语从句的从属连词有 if ,unless (=if …not 如果不……,除非),as/so long as, supposing that, provided that, in case(假使) ,on condition that (在……的条件下)等等。 We’ll go out unless it rains. ( = if it doesn’t rain) I shall let you out as/so long as you come back before 9 o’clock. Send us a message in case you have any trouble. Only if it clears up, we’ll set out. ( 比较:If only I were you!) 7.让步状语从句 引导让步状语从句的连词有:though/although(尽管),even if/even though(即使),no matter how(what,-----),however(whatever,----)(无论……),as(尽管),while(虽然,尽管)等。 (1)Although they are poor,(yet)they are warm-hearted. (2)I’ll get there even if(though)I have to sell my house to get。 (3)Don’t trust him, no matter what / whatever he says. No matter how /however hard the work is, you’d better try to do it(注意语序) (4)as 也可以引导让步状语从句。 1.Child as she is, she knows a lot.2. Try he might, he couldn’t find a job. (5)whether…or… ( 无论。。还是。。) We will start our meeting whether he comes or not. 。 。 注意:(1) however 引导让步状语从句时后紧跟形容词或副词。(3)while 也可引导让步状语从句,只能位于主 句前。 8.方式状语从句: I’ll do as I am told to. It looks as if /as though it is going to rain. 山东 8 年高考状语从句回顾 1. He smiled politely ____ Mary apologized for her drunken friends. (12 山东) A. as B. if C. unless D. though

2.A number of high buildings have arisen ____ there was nothing a year ago but ruins. (12 山东)

A. when

B. where

C. before

D. until

3.He had his camera ready ______he saw something that would make a good picture. (11 山东) A. even if B. if only C. in case D. so that 4. The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, ______ accompanied by an adult. A. once B. when C. if D. unless(10 山东). 5.— Shall we have our picnic tomorrow? (09 山东) A. Until B. While C. Once — ______it doesn’t rain. D. If

6.You’d better not leave the medicine _____ kids can get at it. (08 山东) A. even if B. which 7 C. where D. so that

I really don’t like art, I find his work impressive. (07 山东) A.As B.Since C.If D.While (06 山东)

8.How can you expect to learn anything ____ you never listen? A. in case B. even if C. unless D. when (05 山东)

9.It was some time ______ we realized the truth. A. when B. until C. since D. before

分析归纳预测:________________________________________________________________________________ 十年高考五星真题体验 1.(11 重庆)To show our respect, we usually have to take our gloves off A.whichever wedding ceremony. A. when 4. (10 上海) B.whenever A.that B. where C.whoever B.when D.wherever C.since C. how D.before D. what 2.(11 福建).It was April 29,2011 3.(10 重庆)Today, we will begin we are to shake hands with.

Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out.

you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. B. What a serious problem D. What serious a problem C If C. when C. unless C. as C. Until the third costs $30. C. when C. yet D. for D. before D. since D. Once D. After D. until D. as long as

A. However a serious problem C. However serious a problem 5. (10 上海) A. Until A. since A. if A. before 9.(10 北京) A. As 10. (09 安徽) — A. while A. so B. or B. Unless B. that B. even though B. until B. While

our manager objects to Tom's joining the club, we shall accept him as a member.

6.(10 四川). Because of the heavy traffic,it was already time for lunch break___ she got to her office. 7. (10 湖南). Tim is in good shape physically______ he doesn’t get much exercise. 8.(10 福建)The girl had hardly rung the bell the door was opened suddenly, and her friend rushed out to greet her they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures. I wonder how much you charge for your services. B. until

— The first two are free

11.(09 北京)John plays basketball well, ___his favorite sport is badminton. 12.(09 江苏)___ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former.

A. Before A. than A. as A. until A. where A. whatever A. that A. since A. Unless A. since and imagination. A. where B. when

B. Where B. such B. if B. since B. that B. wherever B. which B. although C. whenever C. when C. until C. so

C. Unless D. as D. unless

D. Until

13.(09 江西)According to statistics, a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer ___ a woman. 14.(09 全国 II)All the dishes in this menu, _____ otherwise stated, will serve two to three people. C. though C. unless C. why D. however D. where 15.(09 四川)Owen wouldn’t eat anything ____________ he cooked it himself D. while D. when 16.(09 重庆)Peter was so excited _______he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing. 17.(08 全国 I)The lawyer seldom wears anything other than a suit ______ the season. 18.(08 四川)Nancy enjoyed herself so much ______ she visited her friends in Sydney last year. 19. (07 辽宁) We had to wait half an hour______ we had already booked a table. D before D. When C. if B. but D. until C. whichever C. before D. before D. If D. however D.whatever D. wherever D. since (状语) C. unless D. for D. until 20(06 北京)_____ you have tried it, you can’t imagine how pleasant it is. B. Because C. Although 21. (06 上海) My parents were quarrelling about me ____ I could not quite tell why. B. though A. until C. that B. whatever B. that B. until B. Since B. wherever matter C. since C. As 22.(05 江苏) Unlike watching TV, reading is a highly active process (过程)____ it requires attention as well as memory 23(05 上海)He transplanted the little tree to the garden ____ it was the best time for it. 24(05 浙江) The old tower must be saved, _________the cost. A. however A. when A. that A. While A. whenever A.however 25(05 安徽) That was really a splendid evening. It’s years ______ I enjoyed myself so much. 26(04 天津)It was evening __ we reached the little town of Winchester . 27.(04 浙江) ___ modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand. 28.(04 重庆)You can eat food free in my restaurant __ you like. C. whatever C.although 29(04 湖北).You should try to get a good night's sleep _____much work you have to do. 30. (03 北京) —Was his father very strict with him when he was at school? —Yes.He had never praised him _____ he became one of the top students in his grade. A.after B.unless C.until D.when 31. (01 北京春) —Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her? --Yes, I gave it to her ____I saw her. A.while B.the moment C.suddenly D.once




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