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高中英语专练:名词和冠词50题


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名词和冠词 50 题 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. At first ______, the bag seems made of real leather. But actually it is just an imitation. A. sight B. look C. appearance D. view 2. --- What do you think of the headmaster of your school? --- Oh, she is _____ headmaster who is kind-hearted and helpful. And it’s _____ pleasure to work with her. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a 3. During a successful business career he gained a great amount of ______. A. force B. wealth C. health D. power 4. My mother asked me to repeat ______ telephone number ______ second time so that she could write it down. A. the; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; the 5. Niagara Falls is a great tourist ______ drawing millions of visitors from all parts of the world every year. A. interest B. view C. scene D. attraction 6. Jack couldn’t remember the exact date of the earthquake, but he knew it was ______ Saturday because everybody was at ______ church. A. 不填; the B. a; 不填 C. 不填; a D. the; 不填 7. You must get there within an hour. There should be no ______ in sending this information to him. A. point B. problem C. quarrel D. delay 8. I go to work very early. I don’t usually have ______ breakfast, but I always eat ______ good supper. A. 不填; a B. 不填; 不填 C. the; 不填 D. 不填; the 9. --- Where is the new dictionary? --- It’s on the top shelf, out of ______. A. reach B. sight C. touch D. order 10. --- What new subject are you going to have in ______ second grade? --- I’m going to learn ______ second foreign language. A. a; the B. the; a C. the; 不填 D. 不填; a 11. --- Mum, I’m going to visit my aunt. What about a week? --- A week is too long. Try to be back in a ______ of days. A. number B. dozen C. few D. couple 12. We are ready to start at short ______. A. information B. advice C. message D. notice 13. --- Hey, Mr. Smith, you are wanted on ______ phone. --- Who is calling? --- ______Mr. Green. I don’t know who he is. A. 不填; A B. the; 不填 C. the; A D. 不填;不填 14. Have a ______ of these apples. They are sweet and delicious. A. look B. taste C. smell D. feel
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15. If you drive from the airport, go on the motorway and follow the ______. A. designs B. signs C. ways D. points 16. Money plays an important role in ______ material world. But expecting ______ money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life. A. a; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填; 不填 D. the; the 17. One of the advantages of living on the top floor of a high rise is that you can get a good ______. A. sight B. spare C. view D. look 18. He can speak English, German, French and Japanese. He is really a man with (n) a ______ for language. A. gift B. present C. ability D. skill 19. Since he has no sense of ______ humor, I’m sure he didn’t catch ______ humor in your remarks. A. 不填; the B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. the; a 20. The ______ a teacher has on children is usually greater than that of their parents. A. use B. effort C. effect D. energy 21. It doesn’t make ______ to buy that expensive coat when these cheaper ones are just as good. A. decision B. promise C. sense D. peace 22. Mr. Smith told us that ______ gold medal his son had got was considered ______ great honor to the whole family. A. the; 不填 B. the; a C. a; a D. a; the 23. I should like to try that coat on,for I want to know if it is my ______. A. shape B. model C. design D. size 24. They sold their house for only 12,000 dollars, so the buyer got a wonderful ______. A. cost B. bargain C. amount D. value 25. --- Did you happen to see ______ black and ______ white cat? --- Are they missing? I told you to take care of them. A. the; the B. the; 不填 C. a; 不填 D. a; the 26. Shelly prepared carefully for her English examination so that she could be sure of passing it at her first ______. A. term B. purpose C. attempt D. time 27. It’s hard to imagine a large city without policemen, but such was the ______ in London in the early 18th century. A. situation B. condition C. affair D. matter 28. --- Look! I’ve bought ______ new pen. --- What ______ beautiful pen! It in particular seems nice. A. the; a B. 不填; a C. a; a D. a; the 29. The need for an operation,especially an immediate operation, almost always comes as a ______ to the patient and his family. A. result B. happiness C. disappointment D. shock 30. He left ______ with my secretary that he would call again in the afternoon. He said he would keep ______.
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A. words; his words B. word; his word C. word; word D. the word; his words 31. --- My son is lost. Did you see a boy pass by here? --- I saw ______ boy hidden behind ______ tree over there. You may go and have a look. A. a; the B. 不填;the C. a; 不填 D. a; a 32. Greenhouse phenomena would cause ______ rise in sea levels worldwide and change ______ weather on the earth. A. a; the B. the; 不填 C. a; 不填 D. 不填; the 33. These young people are now making an active ______ to beautify our city. A. part B. effort C. decision D. plan 34. Susan, ______ university student from Europe, teaches me ______ art in her spare time. A. an; 不填 B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. an; the 35. Apples are usually sold by ______weight, and eggs are sometimes sold by ______ dozen. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. 不填; the D. the; a 36. He is always full of ______ as though he never knew tiredness. A. strength B. energy C. force D. power 37. From the top of ______ Empire State Building, you could see up to ______ distance of 130 kilometers on a clear day. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. an; the D. the; a 38. I got ______ bad toothache yesterday, which kept me awake ______ whole night. A. a; the B. 不填; a C. the; a D. a; 不填 39. See what you have done! Don’t you have a ______ of right or wrong? A. thought B. feeling C. sense D. knowledge 40. Miss Smith is a friend of ______. A. Mary’s mother’s B. the mother of Mary C. mother of Mary’s D. Mary’s of mother 41. --- Who did you spend last weekend with? --- ______. A. Palmer’s B. The Palmers’ C. The Palmers D. The Palmer’s 42. ______ are very popular with people all over the world, but do you know who was it that invented ______ telephone? A. The telephone; 不填 B. Telephone; a C. The telephones; the D. Telephones; the 43. --- Where did you two have your ______ examined? --- At the ______. A. stomaches; doctor’s
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B. stomachs; doctor C. stomachs; doctor’s D. stomaches; doctors’ 44. --- ______ news? --- No. No news is ______ good news. A. Some; a B. No; the C. Any; 不填 D. What; 不填 45. Don’t you think it ______ surprise that a German cannot speak ______ German language? A. 不填; the B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. 不填; the 46. Many drivers were praised for their excellent work at the meeting, including two ______ drivers, who had ______. A. woman; a few white hairs B. women’s; white hair C. women; some white hairs D. woman’s; many white hairs 47. --- What would you like, sir? --- ______. A. Two cups coffee B. Two cups of coffees C. Two coffees D. Two cup of coffees 48. --- John is very bright and studies very hard. --- It’s no ______ he always gets the first place in any examination. A. doubt B. problem C. surprise D. wonder 49. He wrote ______ song, which turned out to be rather popular with ______ young. A. the; the B. a; 不填 C. a; the D. the; 不填 50. For the sake of her daughter’s health, she decided to move to a warm ______. A. weather B. temperature C. season D. climate 答案及部分解析: 1-5 ABBAD 6-10 BDAAB 11-15 DDCBB 16-20 BCAAC 21-25 CBDBA 26-30 CACDB 31-35 AABCC 36-40 BDACA 41-45 CDCCB 46-50 CCDCD 1. at first sight 乍一看,初看起来。imitation 仿制品。 4. 序数词前加不定冠词 a,表示“再一,又一”。 5. tourist attraction 旅游景点。 6. at church 在教堂做礼拜。类似的短语还有:at school, at home 等。 7. delay 耽搁,延误。 9. out of reach 无法拿到 (联系上, 抓到等) out of sight 在视线之外; of touch ; out 失去联系;out of order(机器等)出毛病,坏了。 11. a couple of days 两三天。 12. 题意:我们已准备好,一接到通知就出发。at short notice 一接到通知。 13. You are wanted on the phone.为习惯用语,意为“有你的电话”。A Mr. Green 一 个名叫格林的先生。
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14. have/take a taste of...尝一尝……。 17. get a good view (of the city)看到(全市的景色)。a high rise 一座高楼。 18. a gift for...……的天赋。 19. a sense of humor 幽默感。catch 领会,理解。 20. 由 have a great effect on...可知答案。 21. make sense 除了表示“讲得通,有意义”外,口语中还可表示“是合情合理的, 是明智的”。 23. 此处 size 意为“尺码,号”。 24. bargain 廉价货。 25. 由答语可知是两只猫,并且是双方都熟知的事物,故两空均应填 the。 26. at the/one’s first attempt 在第一次尝试时。 27. 注意:Such was the situation in London...为倒装结构。 29. a shock to the patient and his family 一件令病人和他的家人震惊的事。 30. leave word with my secretary 留言给我的秘书,其中 word 意为“信息,消息”。 keep one’s word 守信。 32. greenhouse phenomena 温室现象。 a rise in sea levels 海平面的上涨。 33. make an effort to do...努力去做……。 34. art 此处为学科名称,意为“艺术”。表示“科目”的名词前一般不用冠词。 36. strength 体力,气力;energy 精力,活力;force 武力;power 电力,能力。 37. a distance of ...长达……的距离。 39. a sense of right or wrong 是非感。 41. 姓氏的复数前加定冠词 the 表示“夫妇俩或一家人”。 42. 第一空用 telephones 表示一类事物;发明物前一般要加定冠词 the。 47. two coffees=two cups of coffee。 48. It’s no wonder/No wonder 后接从句,意为“难怪……; ……不足为奇”。 49. 某些形容词、-ing 形式或过去分词前加定冠词 the 用于表示一类人。 50. 题意:为了她女儿的健康,她决定搬到气候温暖的地方。 情景交际 45 题 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. --- Jimmy came close to being killed in a traffic accident the other day. --- ______? He was driving carefully all the time. A. When B. What C. Pardon D. How 2. --- Do you think I can pass the test? --- ______, I’m afraid. A. Not a chance B. Of course C. You can D. A little bit 3. --- Next Monday is my birthday. --- Is that so? ______ --- Thank you. A. I don’t believe so. B. I’m so glad. C. What presents do you need? D. Many happy returns of the day!
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4. --- Oh, must you? Stay a bit longer. ______. --- Thanks anyway. I’ve got an early start tomorrow morning. A. It’s been such fun having you B. Maybe you can have supper here C. It’s so pleasant to meet you D. Let’s have another chat 5. --- May I ask a favour of you? --- ______. A. It’s my pleasure B. I’ve no time C. Ask please D. Sure, go ahead 6. --- How would you like your tea? --- ______. A. Very quickly B. As it comes, please C. Very much D. I don’t like tea 7. --- How’s it going, Joyce? --- ______. A. Oh, okay, I guess B. Not doing wrong C. Sorry, I’m not so good D. Nothing, thanks 8. --- Ken telephoned you while you were out. He seemed worried about something. --- ______? --- No, he’ll call you later. A. Will he call again B. What’s it about C. Should I call him back D. Do you know for sure 9. --- Can I help you, sir? --- ______. A. Yes, you can help me B. No, I don’t need any help C. Of course, if you like D. No, thanks, I’m being served 10. --- I think you should take more exercise every day if you want to keep fit. --- ______. A. Yes, OK B. That’s all right C. Thank you for your advice D. It’s very kind of you to say so 11. --- Long time no see! You look well. --- ______. You look fine, too. A. Thanks B. Great C. Oh, no D. Not at all 12. --- I’m going to Beijing tomorrow. My plane leaves at 8:30 tomorrow morning. --- ______
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A. Is that so--B. How wonderful! C. Have a good trip. D. Well, goodbye. 13. --- Don’t forget to post the letter for me, will you? --- ______. A. Maybe I will B. No, I won’t C. Sorry, I don’t D. I suppose not 14. --- I hope you don’t mind my turning on the heater. --- ______. A. Never mind B. Yes, I won’t C. That’s right D. Not in the least 15. --- Whose advice do you think I should take? --- ______. A. It’s up to you B. You speak C. That’s it D. You got it 16. --- Did you go Dutch after that meal, I mean, with the other five friends? --- ______. A. Yes, they did B. Yes, they paid for the meal C. No, they didn’t D. No, because it was my treat that day 17. --- Thank you for your CD-ROM. I’ll return it as soon as possible. --- ______. I’ve got another one to spare. A. No problem B. No hurry C. Nothing much D. Be careful 18. --- I’m sorry I can’t go with you. --- ______? Haven’t you agreed? A. How’s that B. What is it C. Why don’t you D. What do you think 19. --- Good afternoon, ______? The name is David Parks. --- Two letters, sir, and a postcard. A. is there any mail for me B. could you post these letters for me C. what can I do for you D. is that John speaking 20. --- David, it’s Frank. Do you have a few minutes? I need to see you. --- ______. But I hope “a few minutes” doesn’t turn into an hour. A. I’m afraid not B. It doesn’t matter C. I don’t think so D. I guess so 21. --- Have a good Women’s Day, mom. --- Thanks. ______. A. You’re welcome B. That’s all right C. It’s kind of you to say so D. The same to you
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22. --- Excuse me, ______? --- That’s $35.76 altogether, madam. A. how much is the meal we’ve had B. but can I take your order C. could I have the bill, please D. would you please take the money 23. --- How is Tom? --- ______. A. He is a teacher B. He is much better C. He is like his father D. He is twenty 24. --- I’d like to take a week’s holiday. --- ______; we are too busy. A. Don’t worry B. Don’t mention it C. Forget it D. Pardon me 25. --- Excuse me. --- ______? --- Could you tell me how I can get to the First Department? A. Pardon B. Why C. Yes D. Please 26. --- Do you mind if I smoke here----- ______. A. No, please don’t B. I’d rather you didn’t C. I don’t want you to D. I’m afraid I don’t 27. --- I’m sorry, but I can’t follow you. ______ --- OK, it’s B-L-A-C-K. A. Would you please walk slowly? B. I don’t understand you. C. Would you please repeat it more slowly? D. What’s the meaning of this word? 28. --- Wish you every success in the future. --- ______. A. Sure, I will B. Thanks C. It’s not easy to do so D. I’ll do my best 29. --- How did you find your visit to the museum, John? --- ______ A. By taking a No. 3 bus. B. Oh, wonderful, indeed. C. I went there alone. D. A classmate of mine showed me the way.
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30. --- Let’s go out for a drive tomorrow. We can take a picnic. --- ______. A. Yes, do please B. That’s OK C. Good idea D. Many thanks 31. --- I’m going to join them in the game. --- ______ A. Have fun. B. I’m sure of it. C. What a pity! D. Maybe you like it. 32. --- My daughter has passed the college entrance exam. --- Congratulations! She is really intelligent. --- ______. A. No, no. She is nothing B. Oh, thank you C. Sometimes she is D. The same to your daughter 33. --- Tom, it is careless of you to have left your key in the lock hole of your car. --- ______ So I did. I might have my car stolen. A. Thank you. B. I’m sorry. C. My God! D. It doesn’t matter. 34. --- Could I use your bathroom? --- Why, of course. Just ______. A. be careful B. make yourself at home C. keep in mind D. go upstairs 35. --- Thank God. It’s Friday again. A nice weekend. --- ______. A. The same to you B. Me too C. That’s all right D. Yes, I’ll be free then 36. --- Excuse me, Miss, but may I share your table? --- Of course. ______. A. Not at all B. Be my guest C. As you wish D. I don’t mind 37. --- Have a sweet dream. --- ______. A. Yes, I will B. Thank you all the same C. All right D. You too 38. --- I’m too busy to go to the cinema with you, John. --- ______ The film is said to be a very good one. A. That’s all right. B. I’m so sorry. C. What a shame! D. It’s too disappointing. 39. --- Do you still smoke?
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--- ______. It’s two years since I smoked. A. No, I don’t B. Yes, I do C. Not too much D. Oh, yes, but I wish I didn’t 40. --- Let’s go shopping first and then go fishing tomorrow. --- ______. I’ll pick you up at 9. A. Well, I don’t know B. You go yourself C. That’s a good point D. I’m afraid I don’t agree 41. --- Do you want to go out tonight? --- ______; it’s up to you. A. Yes, I want to B. That’s all right C. I’m easy D. No problem 42. --- May I look at the menu for a little while? --- Of course, ______, sir. A. don’t worry B. it doesn’t matter C. enjoy yourself D. take your time 43. --- Let’s go skating after school. --- ______ Call for me at any time. A. Wait a moment. B. Sounds good. C. That depends. D. What for--44. --- Lucy, my good friend died in an accident yesterday. --- ______. A. That’s all right B. Oh, well, that’s life C. You’re lucky D. Don’t worry 45. --- Go for hiking this Saturday, OK? --- ______. I like getting close to nature. A. I couldn’t agree more B. I believe not C. I’m afraid not D. I don’t think so 河北 陈艳丽 毛树春 答案及部分解析: 1-5 BADAD 6-10 BACDC 11-15 ACBDA 16-20 DBAAD 21-25 CCBCC 26-30 BCBBC 31-35 ABCBA 36-40 BDCAC 41-45 CDBBA 1. 此处 what 为感叹词,表示惊奇或不相信。 2. Not a chance! 没门儿!当然不行! 3. Many happy returns(of the day)! 为生日或节日时的祝词,意为“祝您长寿; 祝你生日快乐”。此语多用于成人间的祝贺。 5. May I ask a favour of you? 请你帮个忙好吗? Sure, go ahead!当然可以,说吧! 6. as it comes 多用于指茶、咖啡等浓淡无所谓,随便。
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11. Long time no see! 好久不见了。 You look well. 你看起来气色不错。 14. Not in the least.一点儿也不(介意)。 16. because it was my treat that day 因为那天我请客。go Dutch 各付各的帐,平摊 费用。 17. (There’s) No hurry. 别急!别那么着急! 18. How’s that? 你说什么? 22. Could I have the bill, please?请结帐,好吗?Can I take your order?是饭店服务 员的惯用语,意为“可以点菜了吗?” 24. forget it 此处表示对某建议的否定,可译为“不行”。 25. yes 有时可以用于表示应答呼唤或表示在注意倾听对方。 29. How did you find your visit...?你觉得那次对……的参观怎么样? 36. Be my guest.请别客气;请随便好啦!常用于回答 May I...或 Can I... 这类表示 请求的问句。 39. It’s two years since I smoked. 我已经有两年不吸烟了。 40. That’s a good point.表示同意对方的建议。 41. I’m easy. 我好说;我怎么都行。 44. That’s life.常用于安慰那些生活不如意、又想不通并抱消极态度的人,可译为 “生活嘛,就是这样,难免发生这样那样的事。”也可以说 Such is life. 45. I couldn’t agree more.我非常同意。 形容词和副词 45 题 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. --- How can I get to New York in three hours? --- You can’t get there ______ by air. A. more than B. other than C. rather than D. less than 2. I didn’t even speak to him, ______ discuss your problems with him. A. much more B. less C. more D. much less 3. --- How large is your city? --- It’s ______ yours. A. larger three times than B. larger than three times C. as three times large as D. three times as large as 4. --- Is Mr. White out of danger? --- No, ______ than before, I’m afraid. A. no better B. a little better C. not worse D. no worse 5. Mary’s biology is ______ than ______ in the class. A. a lot of better; anyone else’s B. far better; anyone’s else’s C. much better; anyone else D. a lot better; anyone else’s 6. --- The disease he suffers is not easy to cure.
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--- I know, but is he ______ better? A. much B. rather C. any D. little 7. He is more diligent than ______ in his class. A. all the students B. anyone C. any other student D. everyone 8. There was a ______ change in the weather, and the rain came pouring down. A. quick B. slow C. fast D. sudden 9. You can speak ______ in front of him, but you can’t eat ______ in his restaurant. A. freely; freely B. free; freely C. freely; free D. free; free 10. Tom will not be at the picnic, ______ to the family’s disappointment. A. much B. more C. too much D. much more 11. --- I have seen so little of Mike ______. Is he away on business? --- Oh, no. He just leaves for his office early and comes back very ______. A. later; lately B. later; later C. lately; late D. late; lately 12. From his ______ voice on the phone I know everything is well under way. A. satisfactory B. satisfying C. satisfied D. satisfaction 13. --- He is ______ a brave man. --- We can’t admire his courage ______. A. actually; very much B. indeed; too a lot C. really; too much D. truly; a bit 14. The Education Ministry suggests teachers should receive ______ education to catch up with the ______ development. A. farther; late B. farther; later C. further; lately D. further; latest 15. --- Why did she spend so much time searching shop after shop only for a blouse? --- Oh, she was very ______ about her clothes. A. pleased B. particular C. worried D. curious 16. I might fail, but ______ I insist on doing it. I don’t mind. A. however B. anyhow C. yet D. meanwhile 17. --- Could you tell Lucy about the meeting when you see her? --- Sure, I will ______ I see her . A. certainly B. fortunately C. probably D. immediately 18. There is a train at 11:30 and another one at 12:05; ______ train will take you to London in time for the meeting. A. none B. every C. both D. either 19. His voice was quite ordinary, and not ______ angry. A. a little B. very much C. a bit D. plenty of
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20. Oh, boy, why are you killing your time this way? Can’t you find something else ______ doing at all? A. useful B. valuable C. worth D. good 21. --- Hi, I hear you’re going to World Park this weekend. --- ______, I was going to, but I have changed my plans. A. Usually B. Finally C. Actually D. Normally 22. --- Mum, we’ve got to be ______ and buy only what we need. --- Oh, I’m glad to hear that. A. practical B. content C. familiar D. actual 23. Mr. Smith was ______ with the boys who had picked flowers in his garden without his permission. A. strict B. gentle C. delighted D. cross 24. --- If you’re free tonight, I’d like to invite you to a football match. --- That’s nice of you, but are you ______? A. rich B. careful C. serious D. true 25. Attention please, everybody! Please keep ______ for a moment. And let me take a photo. A. calm B. still C. silent D. quiet 26. Good ways of doing things mean saving time, and ______ it is important for us to find them. A. otherwise B. however C. besides D. therefore 27. Fred is second to none in maths in our class, but believe it or not, he ______ passed the last exam. A. easily B. hardly C. actually D. successfully 28. --- How is your sister now? --- She is not very ______ after her illness. A. strong B. tough C. powerful D. healthy 29. It’s true that the old road is less direct and a bit longer. We won’t take the new one, ______, because we don’t feel as safe on it. A. somehow B. though C. therefore D. otherwise 30. ______,more than 200 houses and buildings are heated by solar energy, not to mention the big cities. A. Alone in the small town B. In the small alone town C. In the alone small town D. In the small town alone 31. That night I felt especially tired and went to bed ______ earlier than usual. A. quite B. rather C. fairly D. so 32. --- Doctor, have I got a bad cold? --- Oh, there is not ______ with you. A. anything wrong much B. anything much wrong C. much wrong anything D. wrong much anything
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33. --- She seems a ______ waitress. --- Yes, each of us always feels ______ with her good manners and service. A. pleased; pleased B. pleasant; pleasant C. pleased; pleasant D. pleasant; pleased 34. Sending short messages by mobile phones has become a ______ way to send festival greetings in recent years in China. A. welcome B. popular C. general D. simple 35. I think whoever makes ______ contributions to the company than others should get ______ income. A. greater; the higher B. more greater; a higher C. greater; a higher D. more greater; the highest 36. While tidying the room, Jim found the ______ toy bought for him as a birthday present. A. fine plastic small B. plastic fine small C. small fine plastic D. fine small plastic 37. People are encouraged to speak openly, but careless remarks are ______ to hurt others’feelings. A. possible B. probable C. likely D. sure 38. --- The young man is good at a lot of things but you can’t say he is ______. --- I agree with you. Actually no one is. A. wonderful B. splendid C. perfect D. complete 39. It is ______ any wonder that his friend doesn’t like watching television much. A. no B. such C. nearly D. hardly 40. The number of people present at the concert was ______ than expected. There were many tickets left. A. much smaller B. much more C. much larger D. many more 41. In ______ Chinese culture, marriage decisions were often made by parents for their children. A. traditional B. historic C. peaceful D. civil 42. If the doctor had not been here yesterday, ______ babies would have died. A. the all poor little B. all the poor little C. the poor all little D. all the little poor 43. The traffic in the city was ______ today, so I got home earlier than usual. A. hard B. weak C. heavy D. light 44. The houses in the village are ______ built of wood and hay.
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A. most B. almost C. nearly D. mostly 45. --- What do people wear when they go to the theatre? --- Well, it isn’t very ______. People can wear anything they like. A. normal B. certain C. modern D. simple 江苏 杨行胜 山东 丁道文 答案及部分解析: 1-5 BDDAD 6-10 CCDCA 11-15 CCCDB 16-20 BDDCC 21-25 CADCB 26-30 DBABD 31-35 BBDBC 36-40 DCCDA 41-45 ABDDB 1. other than 与否定词(如:not, hardly 等)连用,意为“只(能)是”。 2. much less 更不用说。 4. no better than before 和以前情况一样差。 5. far, a lot, much 等都可修饰比较级,意为“……的多”。anyone else 的所有格形 式为 anyone else’s。 6. ...is he any better?他好些了吗? 9. freely 自由地,无拘无束地。free 也可用作副词,意为“无偿地,免费地”。 10. much 可用于 to one’s disappointment/surprise/joy...结构前,以加强语气。 11. lately 近来;late 迟,晚。 12. 修饰人的嗓音、眼神、眼泪、叫声和表情等,常用过去分词。under way 已 经开始并进行着。 13. cannot...too...无论……都不过分。题意为“我们非常钦佩他的勇敢”。 15. be particular about 对……挑剔的、讲究的。 16. anyhow 无论如何,不管怎样。 17. immediately 除了作副词外,还可用作连词,意为“一……就……”。 19. not a bit 一点也不;not a little 非常;plenty of 充足的,大量的,用于修饰名 词。 20. something worth doing 相当于 something that is worth doing。 21. actually 相当于 in fact。 22. practical 实际的,符合情况的;actual 真实的,实际的;content 满足的,满 意的;familiar 熟悉的。 23. 题意为“孩子们未经允许就在花园里摘花,史密斯先生很生气。” 句中 cross 相当于 angry。 24. serious 认真的,严肃的。注意:true 侧重指事情的真实。 25. keep still 保持一动不动。calm 强调心情的平静;silent 沉默,不讲话;quiet 表示安静。 27. 句中 second to none 意为“第一的,无人能比的”,然后,根据转折连词 but 可知应填 hardly。 28. 此处指的是“病后,身体不太强壮”,故选 A。 29. though 作副词时,常位于句末,意为“不过,然而”。 30. 此处 alone 为副词,应放在名词或代词后面,意为“仅仅,只”。 31. very , too, quite, fairly 和 so 一般不用来修饰比较级。 33. pleasant 意为“令人愉快的,讨人喜欢的”; pleased 指(人)满意的,高兴 的。 34. a popular way 一种流行的、受欢迎的方式。
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36. 多个形容词修饰同一名词时,其排列顺序为:限定词(如 a, the, my, all 等), 描绘性形容词(如 strong, beautiful, fine 等),表示大小、长短、高低的形容词, 表示年龄、新 旧、颜色的形容词,表示国家、地区、出处的形容词,表示构成 事物材料的形容词(如 wooden, glass 等)+名词。 38. 题意为“虽然那个年轻人对众多事情都很精通,但他并不是完美无缺的”。 perfect 完美的。 40. 数目(the number of...)应用大小来衡量(如:big, small 和 large)。 44. mostly 几乎全部地,多半。 45. certain 固定的,确定的。 时态和语态 50 题 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. --- Oh, dear. I forgot the air tickets. --- You ______ something. A. have left B. are always leaving C. are leaving D. always left 2. --- I ______ so busily recently that I ______ no time to help you with your math. --- That’s OK. I can manage it by myself. A. have been working; have B. have worked; had C. am working; will have D. had been working; had had 3. Remember to send me a photo of us next time you ______ to me. A. are writing B. will write C. has written D. write 4. He ______ at the meeting, but his heart attack prevented him. A. will speak B. is going to speak C. had to speak D. was going to speak 5. --- I beg your pardon, but I didn’t quite catch you. --- Oh, I ______ myself. A. am talking to B. talked about C. have talked to D. was talking to 6. I ______ ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the New Year. A. will play B. have played C. played D. play 7. I first met Tom 10 years ago. He ______ in a radio factory at that time. A. had worked B. has worked C. was working D. has been working 8. --- What ______ when I phoned you? --- I ______ my work, and I wanted to go out. A. have you done; finished B. were you doing; have finished C. did you do; had just finished D. were you doing; had just finished
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9. --- Have you finished the report? --- No. I ______ it all this week. A. will do B. had done C. have done D. have been doing 10. I can guess you were in a hurry. You ______ your sweater inside out. A. had worn B. wore C. were wearing D. are wearing 11. --- We ______ that you would fix the TV set this week. --- I’m sorry. I ______ to fix it this week, but I’ve been too busy. A. had expected; had intended B. are expecting; had intended C. expect; intend D. expected; intend 12. --- Why? Tom, your shirt is so dirty! --- Mum, I ______ my storeroom downstairs. A. cleaned B. have cleaned C. was cleaning D. have been cleaning 13. They won’t buy new clothes because they ______ money to buy a new house. A. save B. are saving C. have saved D. were saving 14. The traffic in our city is already good and it ______ even better. A. gets B. got C. has got D. is getting 15. --- I will come to attend your lecture at 10:00 tomorrow. --- I’m sorry, by then my lecture will have ended and I ______ my guests in my office. A. is being met B. will meet C. will be meeting D. will have met 16. --- Alice came back home the day before yesterday. --- Really? Where ______? A. has she been B. had she been C. has she gone D. had she gone 17. I know Mr. Brown; we ______ to each other at an international conference. A. are introduced B. are been introduced C. were introduced D. had been introduced 18. --- Where do you think ______ he ______ the computer? --- Sorry. I have no idea. A. has; bought B. 不填; bought C. did; buy D. 不填; buys 19. Don’t bother to look for my dictionary --- it ______ some day. A. turns up B. has turned up C. will turn up D. is going to turn up 20. --- What do you think of this kind of TV set, which ______ in Shanghai? --- Well, I don’t care about such things.
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A. was made B. is made C. has been made D. had been made 21. --- Did he notice you enter the room? --- I don’t think so. He ______ to the radio with his eyes shut. A. listened B. was listening C. has listened D. had listened 22. The plane ______ at 7:00 pm, so I have to be at the airport by 6:40 at the latest. A. has left B. would leave C. will have left D. leaves 23. The train ______ at the present speed until it reaches the foot of the mountain at about nine o’clock tonight. A. went B. is going C. goes D. will be going 24. I used to drink a lot of tea but these days I ______ coffee. A. prefer B. preferred C. had preferred D. am preferring 25. The vegetables didn’t taste very good. They ______ too long. A. had been cooked B. were cooked C. have cooked D. cooked 26. --- Remember the first time we met, Jim? --- Of course I do. You ______ in the library. A. were reading B. had read C. have read D. read 27. I want to buy that kind of cloth because I ______ the cloth ______ well. A. have told; washes B. have been told; washes C. was told; washed D. have been told; is washed 28. --- Is Tom still smoking? --- No. By next Saturday he ______ for a whole month without smoking a single cigarette. A. will be B. will have gone C. will have been D. has been going 29. --- ______ Betty this morning? --- Not yet, but she is sure to be here before noon. A. Have you seen B. Will you see C. Do you see D. Did you see? 30. Jim talked for about half an hour yesterday. Never ______ him talk so much. A. I heard B. did I hear C. I had heard D. had I heard 31. --- Look at the black clouds. It ______ soon. --- Sure. If only we ______ out. A. is raining; didn’t come B. is to rain; won’t start C. will rain; haven’t started
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D. is going to rain; hadn’t come 32. He ______ articles for our wall-newspaper these three years, and he ______ about forty articles. A. has been writing; has written B. has been writing; wrote C. is writing; has been writing D. has written; has written 33. She ______ to the office than she got down to writing the report. A. has no sooner got B. had hardly got C. no sooner got D. had no sooner got 34. When he was alive, the old scientist used to say that knowledge ______ from practice and he gained his experience by doing a lot of practical work. A. was coming B. had come C. comes D. would come 35. --- Don’t forget to bring my new books tomorrow afternoon. --- No, I ______. A. don’t B. do C. won’t D. will 36. I decided to go to the library as soon as I ______. A. finished what I was doing B. finished what I did C. would finish what I was doing D. finish what I did 37. You won’t know whether the coat fits you until you ______ it on. A. will try B. have tried C. tried D. are trying 38. My dictionary ______. I have looked for it everywhere but still ______it. A. has lost; don’t find B. is missing; don’t find C. has lost; haven’t found D. is missing; haven’t found 39. ______ it with me and I’ll see what I can do. A. When left B. Leaving C. If you leave D. Leave 40. --- How are you planning to travel to Shanghai? --- I ______ yet, but I ______ taking a train. A. didn’t decide; am considering B. haven’t decided; consider C. haven’t decided; am considering D. hadn’t decided; have considered 41. --- Excuse me, sir. Would you do me a favour? --- Of course. What is it? --- I ______ if you could take me to the station. A. would wonder B. did wonder C. was wondering D. had wondered
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42. --- Got your driving license? --- No. I ______ too busy to have enough practice, so I didn’t take the driving test last week. I’m going to next week. A. was B. have been C. am D. had been 43. With the development of science, more new technology ______ to the field of IT. A. has introduced B. is being introduced C. is introduced D. was introduced 44. --- Who’s the man over there? --- It’s Jack. --- Oh? ______ in Italy. A. I think he’s B. I’ve thought he’s been C. I thought he was D. I’d thought he’d been 45. --- I dropped in at your house at about ten last night, but you weren’t in. --- I ______ regular exercises at the club. A. did B. was doing C. had done D. have been doing 46. --- Each of the students, working hard at their lessons, ______ the book. --- So have I. A. is reading B. has read C. reading D. reads 47. The baby is generally healthy, but every now and then he ______ a cold. A. has caught B. is catching C. will catch D. does catch 48. It is when the plane ______ that you’d better find out at the booking office. A. would take off B. had taken off C. was taking off D. is taking off 49. --- I’m sorry, but there’s no smoking on this flight. --- Oh, I ______ that. Sorry, I won’t again. A. don’t know B. didn’t know C. won’t know D. haven’t known 50. I thought Jim would say something about his school report, but he ______ it. A. doesn’t mention B. hadn’t mentioned C. didn’t mention D. hasn’t mentioned 山东 王霞 张贵福 湖北 尤进国 江苏 黄旦谷 答案及部分解析: 1-5 BADDD 6-10 DCDDD 11-15 ADBDC 16-20 BCBCB 21-25 BDDAA 26-30 ABBAD 31-35 DADCC 36-40 ABDDC 41-45 CDBCB 46-50 BDDBC 1. 进行时态与 always, all the time 等连用,表示习惯性行为,且带有浓厚的感情 色彩。此处可理解为“你总是丢三落四的”。 2. recently 常与现在完成时或一般过去时连用。第二空应用一般现在时。 3. next time 引导时间状语从句,而且其谓语动词常用一般现在时表示将来。 4. 由题意“他本来打算在会上发言,但……”可知应选 D 项。 5. Oh, I was talking to myself.意为“噢, 我(刚才)只是在自言自语”。
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6. “乒乓球打得好”是一般情况,故用一般现在时。 9. 现在完成进行时可用于表示动作或状态从过去某一时间开始,一直持续到现 在,有可能继续延续下去,也可能刚刚结束。本题使用现在完成进行时强调了动 作的持续性和未完成性。 10. 此处用现在进行时来解释前面所说的话,意为“我猜你刚才一定很匆忙,毛 衫都穿反了”。 11. 由宾语从句中的 would fix 可断定第一空用 had expected(表示“过去本来期 望”);第二空用 had intended(to do...),表示“过去本来打算(去做……)”。 14. 现在进行时可用于表示动作的渐进过程。又如:Her hair is getting grayer and grayer.她的头发正变得越来越花白。 15. 此空用将来进行时表示将来某一时间正在进行的动作。 16. 此处表示“前天之前艾利斯曾经去哪儿了?”故用过去完成时态。 18. Where do you think _____ he...?为双重疑问句,故第一空不填;第二空为过去 发生的动作,故用一般过去时态。 21. He _____ to the radio with his eyes shut.后省略了 when I entered the room。 此处 意为“(当我进入那个房间时,)他正闭着眼睛听收音机”。 22. 按时间表或日程表安排将要发生的事,常用一般现在时表示将来。 23. 题意为“火车将一直以目前的速度行驶直到今晚 9 点到达山脚下。” 24. 此处 prefer 意为“宁愿”,是表示人心理状态的动词,不宜用现在进行时态。 27. 某些动词,如:wash, lock, sell, wear, write, read, open, clean 等常用一般现在 时的主动语态来表示主语(通常是物)的内在品质或属性等。 28. “by+将来某一时间”常与将来完成时态连用。 29. 由答语中的“Not yet”可断定此题应选 A。 现在完成时态的用法之一是“表示过 去某一时间发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果”。 31. 表示“天将下雨”常用 It’s going to rain。If only...表示“但愿……”;如果表示与 过去的事实相反,句中谓语动词常用过去完 成时态。 33. 在 no sooner...than...(刚……就……)句型中,主句常用过去完成时态。 36. 题意为“我决定一完成我眼下正在做的事,就去图书馆”。注意:主句为一般 过去时态。 39. 题干为“祈使句+and+并列分句”的句型。 41. 某些动词(如:wonder, hope, think 等)常用过去进行时表示委婉的语气。 45. 此处应理解为“你昨晚来我家的时候,我正在俱乐部做常规锻炼。” 46. 由答语中的助动词 have 可确定此空应用现在完成时态。 47. every now and then 意为“有时,偶尔”,应与一般现在时连用。does 表示强调。 48. 注意题干为强调句型。take off 用进行时态表示将来。 介词、代词和数词 40 题 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Heilongjiang Province is _____ north of Liaoning. Harbin, its capital city, lies _____ the Songhuajiang River. A. to; on B. in the; in C. 不填; on D. to the; in 2. To fully understand the writer, we must read not only between the lines, but sometimes _____ the lines. A. within B. beyond C. beside D. among
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3. He got to the station early, _____ missing his train. A. in the case of B. instead of C. for fear of D. in search of 4. Although Tom agreed with her on most points, here was one _____ which he was unwilling to give in. A. on B. in C. to D. with 5. For holidays, many people visit the Great Barrier Reef _____ the northeast coast of Australia, which has 700 islands. A. on B. in C. to D. off 6. As we all know, several primary schools and factories were named _____ the hero. A. from B. at C. after D. to 7. _____ the weather, the athletic meeting will be held on time. A. In contrast with B. In relation to C. On behalf of D. Regardless of 8. Mr. Johnson starts to work very early in the morning and goes on working until late in the afternoon _____ a break at midday. A. with B. for C. as D. through 9. --- Tang Gonghong is indeed too large, I think. --- But _____ that she is an excellent weight-lifting athlete. A. in addition to B. in spite of C. thanks to D. owing to 10. I certainly agree _____ your suggestion. But I wonder if all the members of the board will agree _____ the steps for the coming year. A. to; with B. to; on C. on; with D. on; on 11. Though this has been written _____ the agreement, it is not protected _____ law. A. by; in B. in; with C. in; by D. by; with 12. The better use you can make _____ time, the greater contributions you will make _____ society. A. in; to B. of; to C. on; for D. up; for 13. The child was lost in the forest, where he was _____ the mercy of wild beasts. A. in B. on C. for D. at 14. ____ the English examination I would have gone to the concert last Sunday. A. Instead of B. Because of C. But for D. As for 15. _____ Mr. Brown’s anger, it was his own son who didn’t agree with him. A. To B. From C. With D. For 16. The customer didn’t choose _____ of the ties and went away without looking at a third one. A. both B. any C. all D. either 17. --- It was my daughter Linda and his daughter Jane who did it. --- That was why I blamed you as much as _____. A. he B. him C. his D. she 18. --- There must be a dozen pens in this house but I can never find one when I need one.
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--- Keep looking. _____ is sure to turn up. A. One B. It C. That D. This 19. --- Where can we have supper tonight? --- Oh, if you don’t mind,we can do it at _____ of the restaurants. A. all B. every C. any D. each 20. --- Which one can I take? --- You can take _____ of them; I’ll keep none. A. both B. any C. either D. all 21. To some life is pleasure, while to _____ it is suffering. But I don’t know what it is to me. A. ones B. others C. the others D. those 22. I would appreciate _____ very much if you could give me some suggestions. A. this B. that C. it D. you 23. I’ve just seen no more than one copy of “The Piano Teacher” in the bookshop opposite. Tom, go and buy _____ back. A. one B. any C. it D. some 24. Use your head. Nothing taught by others can have the same effect on you as _____ is learned by yourself. A. what B. those C. that D. the one 25. You mustn’t always do _____ as he asks you to do. You should have your own way of life. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything 26. The fellow was said to be _____ of a scholar. As _____ turned out, he was a cheat. A. something; he B. much; he C. something; it D. nothing; it 27. Many people in the west make _____ a rule to buy Christmas presents for their relatives and friends. A. this B. it C. that D. them 28. --- How about the price of these washing machines? --- They are at least equal in price to, if not cheaper than, _____ at other stores . A. others B. ones C. that D. those 29. --- Your tea looks nice. --- It’s Longjing from Hangzhou. Would you like _____? A. any B. little C. it D. some 30. --- What date is it? --- It’s _____. A. the June seven B. the seventh of June C. seventh June D. the June seventh 31. Please wait here. I’ll be back in _____ hours. A. two and half an B. two and a half C. half and two D. two a half 32. Two _____ died of cold in that country last winter. A. hundreds old people
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B. hundreds of old people C. hundred old people D. hundred old peoples 33. Our teacher told us to write a _____ composition. A. two-thousand-word B. two-thousand-words C. two thousands words D. two-thousands-word 34. --- Would you like to try _____ time? --- Sure. A. two B. second C. a two D. a second 35. Tom began to learn Russian by himself in _____. A. the fifty B. the fifties C. his fifties D. his fifty 36. Most English people have ______ names: _____ name, a middle name and the family name. A. three; first B. three; a first C. the three; the first D. the third; one first 37. The library in the school isn’t large. There are only _____ books in it. A. six thousand, five hundred and forty-one B. six thousands and five hundreds and forty-one C. six thousands, five hundred forty and one D. six thousand, five hundreds and fourth-one 38. _____ of the world’s books and newspapers are written in English. A. Three quarter B. Three of quarters C. Third fourths D. Three fourths 39. Parks are _____ of the few places where people in cities may have sports. A. one B. first C. none D. those 40. There are not enough seats for the guests. We need _____ chairs. A. three other B. another three C. more three D. other three 河南 吴光云 江苏 杨行胜 安徽 吴小法 答案及部分解析: 1-5 CBCCD 6-10 CDABB 11-15 CBDCA 16-20 DBACD 21-25 BCCAD 26-30 CBDDB 31-35 BCADC 36-40 BADAB 1. be/lie north of...位于……以北。 Harbin lies on the Songhuajiang River.哈尔滨位于 松花江畔;on 表示“相邻,紧挨”。 2. beyond 超出(某事物)范围,超越。 3. for fear of(sth./doing sth.)惟恐,以免。 4. give in to...向……屈服,让步。 5. off 在离……的海上。又如:islands off the coast of Fujian 福建沿海的岛屿。 6. name sb./sth. after sb.以……命名。
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7. regardless of 不顾,不管;in contrast with 与……形成对比;in relation to 关于; 与……相比;on behalf of 代表,为了……的利益。 8. with a break at midday 为 with 的复合结构在句中作状语。 9. in spite of 尽管,虽然。 10. 表示“同意计划、建议、安排等”多用 agree to;表示“就……达成一致意见” 应用 agree on。board 委员会,(政府机关或商业)部门。 12. make good use of 好好利用;make great contributions to 为……作出很大贡献。 13. at the mercy of 完全受……支配,任由……摆布。 14. but for 要不是。But for the English examination 相当于 If it had not been the English examination。 15. to one’s anger 令……生气的是。 16. 根据后面的 a third one 可知前面应是两者。另外,注意此处为全部否定。 17. 搞清人物关系是解题的关键。此处责备的是你(Linda’s parent)和他(Jane’s parent)。 18. 此处用 one 表示泛指。keep looking 继续找。 19. 此处表示三者以上任何一家饭店,故选 C。 20. 由句中的 none(表示“三者以上任何一个都不”)可知前一句意为“你可以都 拿走”。 21. 此处表示泛指。some... others...一些……另一些……。 22. it 可用于某些动词(如:like, appreciate, hate 等)之后,构成惯用法。 23. 由句中的 no more than(仅仅)可知此空应用 it, 指上一句提到的那本书。 26. something of 有点儿像。 27. it 作形式宾语,不定式为真正的宾语。 28. if not cheaper than 为插入语,相当于 if they are not cheaper than those at other stores。 29. some 可用于表示请求或建议的疑问句中。 31. two and a half hours=two hours and a half 两个半小时。 32. 基数词修饰 hundred, thousand, million, billion, dozen, score 等词,它们一般用 单数形式。 33. two-thousand-word 是复合形容词,意为“两千字的”。又如:a three-month-old son 一个三个月大的儿子。 34. 序数词前加不定冠词 a,意为“又一,再一”。 35. in one’s fifties 在某人五十多岁时。另外,注意:in the 1990’s 表示“在二十世 纪 90 年代”。 36. first name (given name) 是孩子出生时, 父母给取的“名”; family name/surname 是“姓”;middle name 是某人的名和姓之间的另一名字。 38. 分数的表示方法是:分子用基数词,分母用序数词。当分子大于 1 时,分母 要加 s。注意以下一些特殊的分数形式:a/one half 二分之一; a/one quarter 四分 之一;five and a half 五又二分之一。 40. another three chairs=three more chairs(我们)还需要三把椅子。 非谓语动词(一)50 题 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. When he was a boy, he used to go there and watch _____.
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A. to repair bicycles B. bicycles to be repaired C. bicycles being repaired D. repairing bicycles 2. --- Have you considered _____ your job as a teacher? --- Yes. I like the job because a teacher is often considered _____ a gardener. A. to change; to be B. to change; being C. changing; being D. changing; to be 3. The dog, _____, will be made a good watchdog. A. to train properly B. being trained properly C. properly to train D. trained properly 4. _____ the diamond, he had to look for a place to hide it. A. Having stolen B. Having been stolen C. Stolen D. Stealing 5. _____ the front door _____, he had to enter the room through the back door. A. Seen; painted B. Seeing; painted C. Being seen; being painted D. Seeing; being painted 6. And there, almost _____ in the big chair, sat her little brother, who never had to be told to keep quiet. A. having lost B. losing C. to be lost D. lost 7. He looked around and caught a man _____ his hand into the pocket of a passenger. A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting 8. To answer correctly is more important than _____. A. that you finish quickly B. finishing quickly C. to finish quickly D. finish quickly 9. The old farmer, _____ the badly injured and burnt soldier, came out of the burning farmhouse, calling continuously for help. A. supporting B. having supported C. being supported by D. being supported 10. In January , 2004, the United States successfully launched “Spirit”, a Mars Exploration Rover, _____ a new milestone in the history of mankind. A. it marked B. marking C. marked D. to mark 11. It was getting dark; I found a car _____ in a pool by the side of the road. A. to be stuck B. stuck C. sticking D. stick 12. You can’t imagine what great trouble they have _____ the problem _____. A. to solve; being talked about B. solving; discussing C. to solve; to talk about
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D. solving; being discussed 13. The monument was built in honor of the explorer who was believed _____ the river. A. to have discovered B. to have been discovered C. to discover D. having been discovered 14. The thief fell to the ground, his left foot _____ and blood _____ down from his mouth. A. breaking; running B. broken; running C. breaking; run D. broken; run 15. The program was so exciting that the children kept their eyes _____ on the screen. A. to fix B. to be fixed C. fixed D. fixing 16. As I will be away for at least a year, I’d appreciate _____ from you now and then so that I can know how everyone is getting along. A. having heard B. to hear C. hearing D. being heard 17. _____, the subject was always in my mind. A. Walking or sleeping B. Walking or slept C. Having walked or slept D. To walk and sleep 18. --- Did you get a dictionary? --- No, I _____, but there were not any _____. A. tried; to be left B. had tried to; leaving C. tried to; left D. had tried; have left 19. When he came to, he found himself _____ on a chair, with his hands _____ back. A. to sit; tying B. sitting; tying C. seating; tied D. seated; tied 20. The joke told by Tom made us _____, so the teacher couldn’t make himself _____. A. to laugh; hearing B. laughing; heard C. laughing; hear D. laughed; heard 21. All of the flowers now _____ here have developed from those once _____ in the forest. A. raised; grown B. rising; growing C. raised; growing D. rising; grown 22. Henry can’t attend the party _____ at Tom’s house at present because he is preparing the speech at the party _____ at Marie’s house tomorrow. A. held; being held B. to be held; to be held C. to be held; held D. being held; to be held
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23. Seeing the soldiers well _____ for the flood-fight, the general nodded with satisfaction. A. prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. having prepared 24. Don’t worry. I’ll have it _____ and get someone _____ it to you tomorrow. A. typed; send B. to type; to send C. type; send D. typed; to send 25. The sun was shining brightly, _____ everything there _____ more beautiful. A. making; look B. to make; looked C. and made; looking D. and making; be looked 26. How could he get the plan _____ without any one to support him? A. to carry out B. carry out C. carrying out D. carried out 27. New ideas sometimes have to wait for years before _____. A. being fully accepting B. fully accepting C. having fully accepted D. fully accepted 28. Having passed all the tests, she felt a great weight _____ off her mind. A. taking B. taken C. take D. to be taken 29. I’m examining the article he has just finished _____ the possible mistakes in it. A. being corrected B. to correct C. corrected D. having corrected 30. _____ full preparations, we decided to put off the meeting till next week. A. We did not make B. Having not made C. We had not made D. Not having made 31. We should prevent such a silly mistake _____ again. A. occurring B. to occur C. to be occurred D. from being occurred 32. I regret _____ hard at school, or I would have succeeded in passing the exam. A. not to work B. having not worked C. to have not worked D. not having worked 33. They looked forward with hope _____ a chance to receive further education. A. for getting B. of getting C. to get D. to getting 34. “Well, I’ll tell you a secret ...” said the boy, with his mouth almost _____ my ear. A. touched B. touching C. touch D. to touch 35. Towards evening, the patient opened his mouth as if _____ something to his son. A. said B. say C. to say D. to have said 36. --- Would you be _____ lend me your bicycle? --- Sure.
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A. so kind as to B. kind enough as to C. very kind to D. so kind to 37. The beach is so beautiful that it is worthwhile, I think, _____ for a short holiday. A. of going B. to be going C. your going D. you to go 38. The teacher asked more _____ to prevent the students’ eyes from being injured. A. to do B. done C. to be done D. being done 39. Some of the schools in Shanghai have moved one step closer to _____ with the global education community. A. being connected B. connect C. having connected D. be connected 40. The performance of the host, _____ to please the audience and draw their attention, was greeted with a cold silence, however. A. had intended B. intended C. being intended D. to intend 41. _____ and out of breath, we reached the top of the mountain and stopped _____ the beautiful scenery. A. Tiring; to admire B. Being tired; admiring C. Tired; to admire D. Tired; admiring 42. The 18-storeyed building, when _____, will shut out the sun _____ up the rooms in my house. A. completed; lighted B. completing; lighting C. completing; lighted D. completed; lighting 43. --- I hear Warren _____ in a middle school. --- What? I can’t imagine him _____ as a teacher. A. teaches; working B. teaches; work C. teach; to work D. teach; working 44. _____ he’s only been learning English for a year, he speaks it very well. A. Considered B. Considering C. Having considered D. To consider 45. It was _____ computer games that cost the boy a lot of time that he ought to have spent on his lessons. A. to have played B. playing C. played D. having played 46. At no time does the salesgirl get up late in the morning, for she is always too busy _____ a good rest. A. to take B. taking C. took D. taken 47. _____ as the most excellent student in her university, as most classmates had expected, made her parents very happy. A. Mary was chosen B. Mary chosen C. Mary being chosen
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D. Mary’s being chosen 48. _____ the big snake, the little girl stood under the tree _____ to death. A. Seeing; frightened B. Seeing; frightening C. Seen; frighten D. To see; frightening 49. You will see this product made in this factory _____ wherever you go. A. to be advertised B. advertised C. advertise D. advertising 50. Mr. Green is said _____ an experiment to prove the new method of solving problem when young. A. to do B. to have done C. to be doing D. to have been doing

the

答案及部分解析: 1-5 CDDAD 6-10 DDCAB 11-15 BDABC 16-20 CACDB 21-25 CDCDA 26-30 DDBBD 31-35 ADDBC 36-40 ACCAB 41-45 CDABB 46-50 ADABB 1. 用-ing 形式一般式的被动语态作宾语补足语,强调自行车被修理的过程。 2. consider 作“考虑”解时,后常接-ing 形式(短语)作宾语;作“认为” 解时,后 常接含有名词、形容词或 to be 的复合结构。 3. 过去分词短语作条件状语,相当于 if it is trained properly。watchdog 看门狗。 4. 从动作发生的时间来看,应是先偷钻石,再找地方藏匿,故用-ing 形式的完成 式。 5. see 表示的动作与句子谓语动词(had to enter)所表示的动作几乎同时发生, 且与其逻辑主语 (he) 为主动关系, 故用一般式。 由句意“看到前门正在被漆, ……” 可知,第二空应用 being painted。 6. lost in the big chair 为过去分词短语在句中作伴随状语。此句的正常语序为: Her little brother sat there... 7. catch sb. doing sth. (偶然或突然)发现或撞见某人正在做某事。 8. 题意为“正确做出答案要比快速完成更重要”。两个非谓语动词短语在形式上 应保持一致。 9. -ing 形式的一般式在句中作非限制性定语。 10. 题意为“2004 年 1 月,美国成功地发射了“勇气”号火星探测器,标志着人类 历史上一个新的里程碑”。 11. 由短语 be stuck in(陷入)可知此处应用过去分词作宾语补足语。 12. 由 have great trouble (in)doing sth.可知第一空应用 solving; being discussed 作定语修饰 problem,表示“正在被讨论的问题”。 13. 用不定式的完成式表示动作发生在(定语)从句谓语动作之前。 14. 考查独立主格结构。 foot 和 break 之间是被动关系, blood 和 run 是主动关系。 15. 由固定结构 fix one’s eyes on/upon...可知此处应用过去分词。 16. appreciate 后常接-ing 形式(短语)作宾语。 17. 题意为“无论是走路还是睡觉,我总是在想这个问题。”注意:此题中-ing 形 式短语的逻辑主语与句子的主语并不一致, 有的语法家称其为“垂悬分词”。 又如:
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Having suffered such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. (NMET2001) 18. tried to 后省去了 get one。 19. 由 seat 的用法(be seated)可知第一空应用 seated 作宾语补足语; with his hands tied back 为 with 的复合结构在句中作伴随状语。 22. 由 at present 可知第一空应用 being held(表示正在被进行的动作);由 tomorrow 可知第二空应用 to be held(表示即将被进行的动作)。 23. 由固定短语 be (well) prepared for 可知此处应用过去分词作宾补。 24. 此处为 have sth. done 结构和 get sb. to do sth. 结构。 26. 考查 get sth. done 结构。carry out 执行。 27. before full accepted 相当于 before they are fully accepted。 28. feel 后可接含有非谓语动词的复合结构。此处宾语与宾语补足语之间为被动 关系,故用过去分词。题意为“所有考试都通过后,她感觉如释重负。” 29. 不定式短语在句中作目的状语。he has just finished 为定语从句。 30. -ing 形式短语作原因状语。not 要置于-ing 形式之前。 31. prevent sb./sth. (from) doing sth.为固定搭配。occur 为不及物动词。 32. regret doing sth.后悔做过某事;regret to do sth.遗憾(抱歉)地要做……。 33. look forward to doing sth.盼望做某事,注意 with hope(满怀希望地)插入了 短语 look forward to 中。 34. 考查 with 的复合结构。his mouth 与 touch 之间是主动关系。 35. “as if+不定式短语”在句中作方式状语。 37. 考查句型 It is worthwhile to do sth./doing sth.。I think 为插入语。 38. 由 ask sb. to do sth.可知此处应用不定式。 宾语与宾语补足语之间为被动关系, 故用 to be done。 39. close to 中的 to 为介词。be connected with 可理解为“与……接轨”。 40. intended to please the audience...相当于 which had been intended to please the audience...。 41. tired and out of breath 为“形容词和介词短语”在句中作状语。stop to do sth. 停 下来去做另外一件事。 42. when completed=when it is completed;lighting up...在此相当于 which lights up...。 43. 第一空应用一般现在时表示,意为“我听说沃伦在一所中学教书”;imagine 后常接-ing 形式(短语)或-ing 形式的复合结构作宾语。 44. 此处 considering 为连词,意为“考虑到”;它还可用作介词,如:Considering the weather, he arrives very early 考虑到天气,他算早的啦。 45. 此句是强调句型,强调句子的主语 playing computer games。 46. 考查 too...to...结构。注意:at no time(在什何时候都不)放在句首时,句子要 用倒装 语序。 47. -ing 形式的复合结构作主语时,其逻辑主语常用名词所有格或形容词性的物 主代词。as most classmates had expected 为非限制性定语从句。 48. seeing the big snake 在句中作时间状语; frightened to death 在句中作伴随状语。 49. advertise 意为“为……登广告”。made in this factory 作定语修饰 product; advertised 作宾语补足语。
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50. 由 when young 可知此处应该用不定式的完成式。

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