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大学英语四级考试听力常用词汇总结


大学英语四级考试听力常用词汇总结 1 地点 1) 在 Library 图书馆 [speakers:librarian and reader 馆员和读者] librarian 馆员 periodical 期刊 borrow 借人 magazine 通俗刊物 loan 借出 journal 学术刊物 check out 办手续借 current issue 现刊 renew 续借 back issue 过刊 overdue 超过期限 latest issue 最新刊 fine 罚款 circulation desk 出纳台 return 归还 call slip 索书单 catalogue 目录 open shelves 开架 title 书名 closed shelves 闭架 author 作者 stack(room) 书库 subject 主题 bound volume 合订本 index 索引 book on reserve 保留图书 reader's card 读者证 reference book 参考书 library card 借书证 dictionary 工具书,词典 borrower's card 借书证 2)School 学校 [speakers:teacher and student; classmates 师生;同学] campus 校园 term paper 学期论文 dorm(itory) 宿舍 thesis 毕业论文 department 系 graduation 毕业(典礼) gym(nasium)体育馆 extension 论文延期 auditorium 大礼堂 deadline 最后期限 be admitted 被录取 undergraduate student 本科生 (post)graduate student 研究生 dropout 辍学 required course 必修课 doctoral candidate 博士生 elective/optional course 选修课 lecturer 讲师 tutor 导师 presentation 课堂宣讲 professor 教授 make-up exam 补考 term/semester 学期 quiz 小测验 scholarship 奖学金 mid-term exam 期中考试 tuition 学费 final exam 期末考试 freshman(大学)一年级学生 sophomore(大学)二年级学生 junior(大学) 三年级学生 senior(大学)四年级学生 course 课程 hour 学时 group discussion 小组讨论 seminar 讨论课 program 授课计划, credit 学分 课程 A:Excellent 优秀 BA/BS 文科/理科学士学位 B:Good 良好 MA/MS 文科/理科硕士学位 C:Pass 及格 Ph.D 博士学位 D:Fail 不及格 MBA 工商管理硕士 3)Hospital 医院 [speakers:doctor and patient 医生和病人] clinic 诊所 surgeon 外科医生 medicine 药品 physician 内科医生 pill 药丸 dentist 牙医 tablet 药片 operation 手术 capsule 胶囊 surgery 外科手术 lotion 药水 treatment 治疗 injection 针剂 first-aid kit 急救箱 cough 咳嗽 cancer 癌症 fever 发烧 intensive care 特殊护理 flu 流感 emergency room 急诊室 vomit 呕吐 prescription 处方 heart attack 心脏病 visiting hours 探视时间 dizzy 头晕 examine 体检 faint 昏迷 stomachache 胃疼,肚子疼 worn out 疲乏 high blood pressure 高血压 4)Restaurant 餐厅 [Speakers:waitress and customer 女侍者和顾客] menu 菜单 apple pie 苹果饼 order 点菜 tray 托盘 waiter 男侍者 fork 叉 waitress 女侍者 knife 刀 pay the bill 买单,付账 spoon 勺 go Dutch 各付一半账 beef 牛肉 chicken 鸡肉 noodle 面条 fish 鱼 coffee 咖啡 sandwich 三文治 salad 沙拉 pizza 比萨饼 soup 汤 egg 鸡蛋 hamburger 汉堡包 fried rice 炒米饭 shrimp 虾 steak 牛排 pudding 布丁 tip 小费 It's my treat 我请客 5)Hotel 旅馆

[Speakers:receptionist and customer 接待员和顾客] make a reservation 订房间 check in 登记人住 reception desk 接待处 checkout 结账 receptionist 接待员 fee 房费 single room 单人房间 porter 行李工 double room 双人房间 hot water 开水 fill out a form 填表 VAT 增值税 register 登记 accommodation 住宿 bathroom 浴室 full up 住满了 Room Service 客房服务台 air-conditioner 空调 6)Post office 邮局 [Speakers:postal clerk and customer 邮局职员和顾客] mail(send,post)a letter 寄信 telegram,cable 电报 postage 邮资 pm:eel 包裹 airmail 航空信 overweight 超重 registered letter 挂号信 stamp 邮票 postal clerk 邮局职员 remittance 汇款 7)Bank 银行 [Speakers:bank clerk and customer 银行职员和顾客] open an account 开户 demand note 取款单 deposit 存款 interest rate 利率 bankbook 存折 draw money 取钱 teller 出纳员 overdraw 透支 traveler’s check 旅行支票 credit card 信用卡 checking(current)account 活期账户 cash 现金 savings account 储蓄账户 ATM 自动取款机 8)Airport 机场 [Speakers:airport information desk clerk and passenger 机场咨询处工作人员和乘客] flight 航班 passenger 乘客 departure 离开 land 着陆 takeoff 起飞 left-luggage office 行李寄存处 passport 护照 see sb. off 送行 9)Customs house 海关 [Speakers:customs official and passenger 海关官员和旅客] Do you have anything to declare? 有什么需要申报的吗? allowance 限额 passport 护照 overweight 超重 fine 罚款 visa 签证 luggage 行李 11)Airplane 飞机 [Speakers:air-hostess and passenger 空中小姐和乘客] jet 喷气飞机 captain 机长 air-hostess 空中小姐 passenger 乘客 air-stewardess 空中小姐 pilot 飞行 员 Fasten your seat-belt 系好安全带 emergency 紧急情况 parachute 降落伞 11)Court 法庭 [Speakers:judge and lawyer 法官和律师] judge 法官 crime 罪行 My Lord 法官大人 found guilty 被判有罪 Your Honor 法官大人 innocent 清 白的 lawyer 律师 charge(accuse)起诉 jury 陪审团 sentence 判决 witness 证人 criminal record 犯罪记 录 theft 盗窃 murder 谋杀 robbery 抢劫 violence 暴力 counselor 12)Bakery 面包房 [Speakers:baker and customer 面包师和顾客] bread 面包 birthday cake 生日蛋糕 loaf 一块(面包) doughnuts 多纳圈 French bread 法式面包 baker 面包师 13)Hardware store 五金工具店 [Speakers:shop assistant and customer 售货员和顾客] tool 工具 scissors 剪子 nail 钉子 hammer 锤子 steal ruler 钢尺 drill 钻 wire 铁丝 saw 锯 14)Office 公司办公室 [Speakers:boss and secretary; manager and employee; interviewer and interviewee 老板 和秘书; 经理和雇员;面试考官和求职者] boss 老板 type a letter 打印信件 secretary 秘书 send a fax 发传真 employee 雇员 arrange the file 整理文件 temporary labor 临时工作 computer 电脑 interviewer 面试考官 printer 打印机 interviewee 面试者 copier(xerox)复印机 job applicant 求职者 credentials 学位证书,学历证明

candidate 求职者 resume 简历 interview 面试 experience 经验 vacation 休假 ability 能力 qualification 资历 get a raise 涨工资 import 进口 salary 工资 export 出口 income 收入 reputation 声誉 post;position 职位 sales representative 销售代表 vacancy 空缺 15)House to let 待租房 [Speakers:landlady and lodger 女房东和房客] landlord 男房东 lease 租约 landlady 女房东 furnished 有家具电器的 rent 租,租金 unfurnished 无家具电器的 apartment 公寓 utilities 水电费 radiator(heater)暖气 blackout 停电 附录 2 人物关系 Restaurant:dish, order, menu, bill, soft drink, soup, table, waiter, waitress May I have the bill? What would you like to order? A table for two? Profession:Waiter, Waitress relationship:Waiter/Waitress & Customer Post Office:mail, post, postage, stamp, parcel, package, register, telegram, airmail,… Hospital:prescribe, medicine, have a fever, temperature/sore throat/cough/cold/headache/stomachache, take Medicine/pills/tablet,… What’s the matter?/What’s wrong with you? Let me give you an examination first. Profession:doctor, nurse relationship:Doctor/Nurse & Patient Bank:open an account, draw/deposit some money, Foreign Exchange Store:size, color, style, price, cost, cheap, expensive, change What can I do for you? How much does it cost? Excuse me, I want to change this one for a blue one. Can you show me another one? Profession:clerk, shop assistant relationship:Clerk/Shop assistant & Customer Hotel:make a reservation, book a single/double room with shower/bath, reception, occupy, tip, porter The rooms are all occupied. Profession:receptionist, porter relationship:Receptionist & Customer, Porter & Customer Railway Station:platform, train, single ticket, return ticket Airport:flight, take off, gate, due, ticket Plane:to fasten seat belt, landing, flight Profession:Hostess relationship:Hostess & Passenger Library:borrow, lend, renew, return book, due, fiction, non-fiction, bookshelf,… How long can I keep it? You can keep the book for two weeks. Do you have the book…? Can you tell me where I can find…? Profession:librarian, assistant

relationship:Librarian/Assistant & Students Telephone:Hold on, please! Can you put me through to the reception room? Sorry, the line is busy. This is … speaking. Who is that? Profession:operator relationship:Operator & Caller 另外,常见的人物关系还有:Police & Driver,Husband & Wife,Student & Teacher 等等。 2.2 1)职业与身份: a, 教师与学生 可能的场景:学生问老师问题;学生寻求老师帮助;学生询问老师对作业的意见;老师要求学生校对论文 打印错误。 常见词与短语: textbook, course, subject, homework, assignment, test, quiz, tuition, school record(成绩 单),credits(学分),registration, quit school, term paper, thesis(毕业论文),band(乐队),Students’ Union, gymnasium, homecoming, dormitory, teaching building,do research for ,professor, semester, work as one’s teaching assistant, assistance, assist, trouble a professor, may I ask you a few questions, I have a class at ten, come in one’s office hours, finish reading one’s research report, revise (improve) some parts of it, get it published, read some papers he recommended, correct all the typing errors in a paper, read it through again, check the paper for typing errors 等。? b, 图书馆管理员与学生寄托家园 T 常见词与短语: library, book for reading assignment, magazine, periodical, fiction, reading room, library card, library catalogue(图书馆的图书目录), loan desk(借书处), journal, reference book, stacks(书库), shelves, renew, due(到期的), overdue(过期的),close, open, weekend, weekday, check out, volume two (ten), check for sb., borrow, one the upper shelf, a book hard to identify/ is missing, has been misplaced 等。 c, 营业员与顾客 常见词与短语: on sale, bargain, price, out of style(老式), fashion, ready-made(成衣), cloth pattern(花纹,图案),tip, cash or charge(付现金还是记账),department store, cashier, supermarket, daily necessities, check-out stand(付款柜台), receipt, shop assistant, salesman, clerk 等。 d,饭店与顾客 常见词与短语: seasoning(调味品), menu, wine, drink, food, snack, banquet-tray(餐盘), paper napkin(纸餐巾), go Dutch(各自付账),receptionist, service counter, a single room, a double room, customer, manager, boss, well-done(全熟的), underdone(半熟的)等。? e,医生与病人 常见词与短语: hospital, doctor, nurse, patient, operation, ward, physician, medicine, surgery, hospital register’s office(挂号处), outpatient department(门诊部), emergency department(急诊部), to suffer from, to give an infection, to give first-aid treatment(急诊)等。


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