教材解读 本单元以 Wildlife Protection 为话题，旨在通过单元教学使学生了解野生动物保护 的重要性，学会描述野生动物当前和未来的处境，通过讨论让学生了解如何采取必要的 措施来保护它们。学习并掌握一般将来时的被动语态，能在英语口语交际过程中学会如 何表达打算和意图，并给出自己的观点，能写信就如对待和何保护野生动物给出自己的 观点。 1.1 Warming up 呈现一些濒临危险的动物和植物所生活的自然环境， 再展示一些濒 临危险的动植物，那么我们如何来拯救它们呢？ 1.2 Pre-reading 是 Reading 的热身部分，有三个问题组成。第一个问题是你了解的 其它濒临危险的动物是什么？第二个问题是为什么它们有消失的危险？第三个问题是 结合 warming up 中出现的图画来判断自己判断是否正确。这样的三个问题便为引出 Reading: In search of the Amber Room 做好了铺垫。 1.3 Reading 是一篇以童话故事的形式展现的关于 Daisy 让一块毯子带着他去寻找 可以做出人们穿的毛衣的地方，这个毯子先带他去了西藏，在那里他看到了哭诉的藏羚 羊；毯子又带他去了 Zimbabwe，在那里他看到了死而复生的大象，通过它们的诉说， 他了解了动物们现在所处的处境，决定向野生动物保护基金会来反映这个问题。设计这 篇文章的目的是让学生从野生动物所处的危险环境，以及人类所处的整个环境来提高学 生保护野生动物的意识。 1.4 Comprehending 既有知识性的问题，让学生了解文章的细节，同时又跳出了课 文，对文章进行了整体评价由易到难，有较好的梯度，全面考查了学生对文章的理解。 1.5 Learning about Language 分 Discovering useful words and expressions 和 Discovering useful structures 两部分。第二部分的 Exercise 1 从文中找出 4 个含有现在进 行时被动语态的句子。Exercise 2 完成现在进行时主动变被动的练习。Exercises 3 进一步 练习现在进行时主动变被动。 1.6 Using Language 分 Reading and listening，Listening and Writing 和 Speaking and writing 和 Reading and writing 三部分 在第一部分的 Listening 中要求学生 take notes while 。 listening 进一步提高听力水平 第二部分中要求学生搜集自己要保护的动物的有关信息， 。 然后写一个调查报告。第三部分 Write a letter to WWF based on what you have discussed, asking them to help you save your endangered animal. 1.7 Summing up 从四个角度：有用的动词，动词短语，其他的表这和新句型结构总 结本单元内容，并总结所学的有关野生动物保护方面的知识。 1.8 Learning tip 建议学生当学习了一个新的英语单词， 应该在课文看是如何使用的。 要根据发音来拼写。通过阅读句子前后来猜测词义，然后再在词典中查找核实，通过文 章和词典你会准确地掌握这个词的用法了。 188
单元目标 一、知识与技能 1．掌握重点词汇的含义及用法: protection, die out, hunt, in peace, in danger of, carpet, respond, distant, relief, in relief, laughter, burst out laughter, mercy, certain, protect…from, contain, powerful, affect, pay attention to, appreciate, succeed, income, secure, employ, harm, bite, come into being, inspect, incident, according to, so that。 2．掌握句型： (1)As a result these endangered animals may even die out. (2) Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. (3) The flying carpet traveled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. (4) It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests. (5) The eggs of twenty-five species have been found in Xixia County, Nanyang, Henan Province. 3．能正确理解和使用现在进行时的被动语态，能够准确地进行主动和被动的相互 转换。 二、过程与方法 在教学中坚持教师为主导，学生为主体，面向全体学生，利用多种媒体，使用任务 型教学方法，以小组学习的形式组织教学。 三、情感、态度与价值观 设计这篇文章的目的是让学生从野生动物的危险处境中，感受大自然所面临的不同 方面的威胁，提高学生保护野生动物和人类所赖以生存的地球的意识。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 本单元主要采用情景引入法。结合学生的生活实际，让学生从野生动物的危险处境 中，感受大自然所面临的不同方面的威胁，提高学生保护野生动物和人类所赖以生存的 环境的意识。在以后的课时进行展开操练，注意重点单词的讲解等。 学法导航 学生要学会使用现在进行时的被动语态， 并且学会怎样从自身做起担当起保护野生 动物以及人类所生存的地球的责任。 课时支配 第一课时：Warming up, Pre-reading, Reading, Comprehending 和 Leaning about Language 内容一致，将其设计成一节阅读课。 第二课时： Reading, Comprehending 和 Leaning about Language 中的重点词汇、 短语、 句型的语言学习课。 第三课时：将 Learning about language 中的 Discovering useful structures 设计成一节 语言学习课即语法课。 第四课时：将 Using language 中的 Reading, Listening 和 Writing 部分设计成一堂语 言运用课，重点培养学生语言综合运用能力。 189
第五课时：将 Language 中的 Summing up 与 Learning Tip 和 Checking Yourself 设计 成一节复习课。
第 1 课时
教案Ⅰ Warming up，Reading and Comprehending
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1． 认知下面单词、 短语： protection, die out, hunt, in peace, in danger of, carpet, respond, distant, relief, in relief, laughter, burst out laughter, mercy, 2．找出重点句型： (1) As a result, these endangered animals may even die out. (2) Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. (3) The flying carpet traveled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. 二、过程与方法 通过阅读和小组讨论了解文章的主题，让学生尝试运用文中关键词复述课文。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力和探究知识的乐趣。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1．课文的整体阅读。 2．重点词汇、短语和句型的理解和应用。 教学难点 1．课文的整体阅读。 2．谈论野生动物的危险处境以及应该怎样保护它们。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1. 情景教学法。 2．小组讨论启发。 3．互动式教学。 学法导航 积极回答老师提出的问题，能够运用文中的词汇、短语和句式描述自己所熟悉的野 生动物的概况。 教学准备 教师准备 多媒体课件，以及一些与濒临危险的野生动物相关的资料和卡片。 学生准备 说出濒临危险的野生动物的名称并找出与相关的资料、找出文章中的一些重要词 组。 191
教学过程 Step 1 引入话题 1. Introduce the topic of wildlife protection from animals or plants which live or grow in natural conditions. 2. Show the pictures of some endangered animals and let the Ss name them in English. 3. Introduce these endangered animals’ situation. Step 2 读前准备 1. Ask the Ss to talk about the following questions: (1) Do you know what endangered animals are dying out in China? (2) Why are they disappearing? What problems are the wild animals facing? killed by the enemies in the nature not enough food not enough place to live in The living environment is worse and worse hunted by human beings eaten by people (3) What do you think we should do to protect wildlife? We should a. stop man from killing them. b. build the protection zone. c. have them fed by man. 2. Get the Ss to express their opinions using the form in Warming Up. 3. Introduce the organization of World Wildlife Fund (世界野生生物基金会). World’s largest privately financed conservation organization Protect endangered species and their habitats Works in more than 100 countries with nearly 5 million members Step 3 阅读文章 Fast Reading. Answer the following questions. 1. Where did Daisy go? Who took her there? Tibet, Zimbabwe and rain forest. A flying chair. 2. What kind of animal did she meet in each place? An antelope, an elephant and a monkey. Careful Reading. Paragraph 1 1. How did the antelope feel? Sad. 2. Who is hunting and killing the Tibetan antelope? People. 3. Why are humans part of this problem? People who buy sweaters made with Tibetan wool are encouraging more people to go out and kill them. 4. What will happen to Tibetan antelopes in three years? They may all be gone. Paragraph 2&3 1. How did the elephant feel? The elephant felt excited. 2. How did life improve for the animals? 192
Past: Farmers used to hunt them for destroying their farms. The animals were no longer killed by the farmers for destroying the crops. 3. How did life improve for the farmers in Zimbabwe? Farmers got money because the tour companies had to pay them for visiting and hunting the animals. Paragraph 4 1. In what ways does looking after the rain forest help with wildlife protection? Looking after the rain forest helps wildlife protection because it is where wildlife lives. It also contains many medicine and drugs that we do not know. These drugs may save lives. Step 4 学习归纳信息 1. Read the passage silently again, and the try to finish the True or False exercises that are showed on the screen. (1) Daisy saw an antelope as well as mountains and people in Tibet. (T) (2) The antelope felt very sad and happy when he saw Daisy. (T) (3) Antelopes were killed for the skin that is taken from under their stomachs. (F) (4) The elephants and rhinos in Zimbabwe used to be protected well by the farmers in the past. (F) (5) Mosquitoes protect the monkey from a millipede insect. (F) 2. Put the following sentences in the right order: (1) In the dream, she flew in a wonderful chair to talk with an antelope in Tibet. (2) (2) Later, she flew to Zimbabwe and talked with an elephant and knew the farmers no longer hunted them. (4) (3) Although finally everything was gone, she had learned so much about the wildlife! (7) (4) The antelope told her they were hunted because their fur could be used to make sweaters. (3) (5) At last she arrived at the thick rain forest (6) (6) One day, Daisy dreamed a strange dream. (1) (7) That’s because the government decided to help and the farmers made a lot of money at last. (5) Step 5 口语训练 1. Do the exercise of Part 2 on Page 27. 2. Why do you think the animals have to speak for themselves? They have no human to speak up for them. They can put their case more effectively. They can win more sympathy. 3. What must happen if wildlife protection is to succeed? People must not kill animals but try to live in harmony with them. People must stop destroying the habitat of animals. 193
People must stop using animals to make luxury. 4. What things had Daisy learned? (1) She had learned that the wild animals were being killed or hunted, and they are dying out. (2) She knows how the animals in the rain forest live together. (3) She also learned it necessary to protect the wild animals. Step 6 作业布置 1. Read the text and underline the useful words and expressions and difficult sentences. 2. Surf the Internet to know more about the wildlife protection. 板书展示 Unit 1 Cultural relics Period 1 Language Points 1. in return 作为报答 2. no doubt 毫无疑问 教学反思 根据本课时的特点，安排了六个环节，第一个环节让学生按老师的指令做动作来调 整学生的精神状态同时又复习了一些动词，为新课做知识上的准备；在第二个环节中， 通过读前准备让学生了解有关的背景知识；第三环节，通过阅读文章获取相关的信息， 增强对阅读能力的培养；第四环节信息归纳，让学生由输入信息阶段进入到输出信息阶 段，培养学生的总结归纳能力；第五环节，口语训练是学生能力的一个升华，学生们通 过前几个环节的训练，从而应该内化为自己的一个技能；第六环节，安排了安排的解决 重点句子和词汇的练习，以便为下一节课，另外还安排了一个开放性的问题，在锻炼学 生的综合语言运用能力的同时，又让他们学会搜集信息，合作与交流。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 人的教养不能够靠别人传授，人必须进行自我修养。一切苦修也绝不是文化修养， 教育是通过人的主动性来实现的，教育牢牢地钉在主动性上。
教案Ⅱ Warming up，Reading and Comprehending
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1． 认知下面单词、 短语： protection, die out, hunt, in peace, in danger of, carpet, respond, distant, relief, in relief, laughter, burst out laughter, mercy, 194
2．找出重点句型： (1)As a result these endangered animals may even die out. (2) Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. (3) The flying carpet traveled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. 二、过程与方法 通过阅读和小组讨论了解文章的主题，让学生尝试运用文中关键词复述课文。 三、情感、态度与价值观 （1）了解野生动物所处的环境，让人们意识到动物和人类的密切关系，唤醒人们保 护野生动物、保护自然也是保护自己的家园的意识。 （2）培养学生具有积极向上的学习态度，乐于进行小组合作，积极探究问题，不断 提高学习英语的积极性和自信心。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1．课文的整体阅读。 2．重点词汇、短语和句型的理解和应用。 教学难点 1．课文的整体阅读。 2．谈论野生动物的危险处境以及应该怎样保护它们。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 合作学习是指学生通过分工合作共同达成学习目标的一种学习方式。 本节课将在课 堂活动中把学生分成四人一小组的学习小组，让他们围绕着课堂任务分工合作，在活动 中相互探讨、相互交流、相互合作，从而获得知识、技能和情感体验，发展他们的能力。 学法导航 积极回答老师提出的问题，能够运用文中的词汇、短语和句式描述自己所熟悉的野 生动物的概况。 教学准备 教师准备 多媒体课件，以及一些与濒临危险的野生动物相关的资料和卡片。 学生准备 说出濒临危险的野生动物的名称并找出与相关的资料、找出文章中的一些重要词 组。 教学过程 Step 1 Lead-in 1.Greet the students as usual. 195
2. Introduce the topic of wildlife protection. Show the pictures of some endangered animals and let the students name them in English. （Through this task，students can have a general idea about what they are going to learn. Besides，students are expected to classify the animals and find out which are endangered animals. Then，teacher gives the definition of endangered. Students are expected to say out the problems that these animals face as well.） T：Boys and girls，today I am going to introduce some friends to you. Now let’s see whether you can name them in English correctly.
Suggested answers：polar bear，milu deer，rhino，tiger，crocodile，tropic fish， leopard，koala，giraffe，turtle，whale，dolphin，panda，gorilla. （Teacher shows a picture of an animal and students give the answers at once. Then 196
teacher checks whether the answer is correct and asks the students to read after her/him.） T：Well，you all give the correct answers. You are really smart. OK，so can you be smart enough to find out their common? You see，there is bear，deer，tiger，fish，turtle and so on，different kinds of animals. Then，what species are they? Can you use an adjective to describe them? S1：Endangered. T：Good. They are all endangered species. Endangered means “faced with the danger of extinction” or “dying out”. Now，let’s take whales for example. What problem makes the whales endangered? S2：They are being hunted and killed. T: Well done. What else animals have the same problem? S3：Milu deer，rhino，tiger，crocodile，leopard，gorilla. T：Right，then what problem faces the panda? S4：They don’t have enough food. T：What else animals have the same problem? S5：Koala，giraffe. T：Good. Then what problem faces the polar bear? S6：Their living environment is being destroyed and the animals are dying out. T：Good job! Then what else animals have the same problem? S7：Tiger，tropic fish，turtle，dolphin，gorilla. T：Excellent! Step 2 Skimming T：OK，you have got the general knowledge of endangered animals. Now today we are going to learn a story about the experience of a little girl called Daisy. She has been to three places and met three different kinds of animals. Which three places has she been to? What endangered animals are they? What problems face them? Now，I will give you a few minutes to skim the text to find out the three kinds of endangered animals in three different places and put them in the right blank of the form.
Problems Animals that are being hunted and killed Animals that have not enough food Area in which the environment is being destroyed and animals are dying out Examples whale，milu deer，rhino，tiger， crocodile，leopard，gorilla panda，koala，giraffe polar bear，tiger，tropic fish， turtle，dolphin，gorilla Animals from the text
T：OK, time’s up. The whole class，which three places have Daisy been to? Ss：Tibet, Zimbabwe and a rain forest. T：What are the three kinds of endangered animals? S1：Antelopes in Tibet, elephants in Zimbabwe, and monkeys in the rain forest. T：Among these three kinds of animals, which are being hunted and killed? 197
S2：Antelopes. T：Which have not enough food? S3：Elephants. T：Whose living environment is being destroyed and they are dying out? S4：Monkeys. T：Excellent. Step 3 Scanning T：OK，class，you now have a general idea about the text. This text is mainly about Daisy’s experience. She has been to Tibet，Zimbabwe and the rain forest. She has talked with antelopes，elephants and monkeys separately. Now let’s go in detail and find more information about these three places and animals. T：I’ll give you 5 minutes to scan the text and fill in the blank. Is used to make sweater. Tibet Antelopes are killed for Every year over Daisy Zimbabwe Now farmers them. insect affects mosquitoes. A Rain forest No ，no and no . .
antelopes are killed. Used to hunt the elephants.
T：Time’s up. Who has got the answers? Any volunteers? S1：In Tibet，antelopes’ fur is used to make sweater. Antelopes are killed for wool. Every year，over 29000 antelopes are killed. S2：In Zimbabwe, farmers used to hunt the elephants but now farmers like them. S3：In Rain forest, a millipede insect affects mosquitoes. No rain forest, no animals and no drugs. Step 4 Intensive Reading Ask the students to look through the questions on Page 27 and read the text silently. Students are expected to sum up the main ideas by themselves. T：OK, boys and girls. Now let’s read the text in detail and answer the questions on Page 27. Suggested answers： 1. Who is hunting and killing the Tibetan antelope? People are hunting and killing the Tibetan antelope. 2. Why are we humans part of this problem? 198
People who buy sweaters made with Tibetan wool are encouraging more people to go out and kill the animals. 3. How did life improve for the farmers in Zimbabwe? The farmers got money when the government made sure that the tour companies had to pay them to visit and hunt the animals. 4. How did it improve for the animals? The animals were no longer killed by the farmers for destroying the crops. 5. In what ways does looking after the rain forest help with wildlife protection? Looking after the rain forest helps wildlife protection because it contains many medicines and drugs. 6. Why do you think the animals have to speak for themselves? Answers may vary. Because the animals have no human to speak for them. If they speak for themselves，they can put their case more effectively and they can win more sympathy. 7. What must happen if wildlife protection is to succeed? Answers may vary. If wildlife protection is to succeed, people must not kill animals but try to live in harmony with them. What’s more，people must stop destroying the habitat of animals and using animals to make luxury goods. Step 5 Retell the Story T：Since you have read the text for three times, I guess you have totally understood the text. Now let’s check whether you have comprehended the text. On the blackboard, it’s the summary of our reading text. But it’s not complete. You have to think out a proper word to fill in each blank without reading your textbook. After filling the missing words, you will have a complete summary of the text. Now, I will give you 5 minutes to do this task. One day, Daisy ______ a strange dream. She flew in a wonderful ______ to ______ with an ______ in Tibet. The antelope told her they were hunted because of their ______ which can be used to make ______ like hers. In three years they may all be ______. Later， she ______ to Zimbabwe where she talked with an ______ and got to know the farmers there no longer ______ them. That’s because the ______ decided to help and the farmers finally made a lot of ______.At last she ______ at the thick rain ______ where a monkey told her “No rain forest, no ______ and no ______.” Although finally everything was ______, she had ______ so much! Suggested answers： dreamed；chair；talk；antelope；fur；sweaters；gone；flew；elephant；hunted； government；money；arrived；forest；animals；drugs；gone；learned Step 6 Language Points Focus Teacher explains the important words and expressions from the reading. Try to use as many examples as possible to illustrate the point. After illustration, teacher can give students 199
some exercise to consolidate their understanding. 1. As a result, we are now an endangered species. as a result 结果是,作为结果 as a result of 由于什么原因 Translation：因为大雨，他没来。It rained hard. As a result, he didn’t come. He didn’t come as a result of the heavy rain. 2. In relief, Daisy burst into laughter. relief (n): 轻松感；欣慰感 考试过后，我感到无比轻松。After the exam, I felt an incredible sense of relief. burst into 突然迸发 burst into laughter\tears\flames 让我吃惊的是，他突然唱起歌来。Much to my surprise, he suddenly burst into song. 3. Farmers hunted us without mercy. mercy 仁慈；怜悯；慈悲 警察毫不留情地将鳄鱼击毙。The policemen shot the crocodile without mercy. have mercy on(对某人发慈悲) 她请求法官对她丈夫法外开恩。She appealed to the judge to have mercy on her husband. at the mercy of (处于……的控制下) 人类的命运受自己控制。The destiny of Mans is at the mercy of himself. 4. I’m protecting myself from mosquitoes. protect ﹍ from ﹍ 保护﹍ 免受﹍的伤害 from=against 是介词， 后接名词， 代词， 动名词。 太阳镜能够保护你的眼睛免受阳光的伤害 The sunglasses can protect your eyes from the sunlight. keep sb. from doing stop sb.(from)doing prevent sb.(from)doing be kept/stopped/prevented from doing 被阻止做(from 不能省略) 课标理念 名题赏析 At work, I became mad when my fellow workers tried to ______me from using the phone.(2003 上海) A: save B. reduce C. protect D. stop 赏析:stop sb from doing 阻止某人做.句意:上班时,同事阻止我使用电话,这让我发 疯. 5. It contains a powerful drug which affects mosquitoes. powerful\powerless fearful\fearless careful\careless useful\useless affect v. (=have an effect on)影响 200 阻止某人做某事
吸烟有害健康。Smoking affects health. effect n.(指 affect 影响)的结果 v. “产生;实现” 这部影片对她影响很大。This film had quite an effect on her. 6. You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live and appreciate how the animals live together. pay attention to 注意；留意 你应该注意你的书写。You should pay attention to your handwriting. 在公共场合，请注意你的言行。Please pay attention to your behavior in public places. 7. But what an experience!一次多么奇特的经历啊！ experience n. (c) 经历 (u) 经验 have experience in/at doing… 在（做）……方面有经验 know from experience 根据经验知道 learn by experience 从经验学习 be experienced in doing sth. 在做某事方面有经验 Step 7 Discussion After the explanation of the language points，students have got the total understanding of the reading text. Then teacher draws students’ attention back to the text and put forward a topic for them to discuss. Divide the students into the four person groups and give them five minutes to think about the topic “What should we do to protect wildlife?” After the discussion，let the students have a competition to see which group can think out the most pieces of advice to protect wildlife. The possible advice： 1. We should treat the wildlife plants and animals the same as our friends and relatives. 2. We shouldn’t cut or kill them freely. 3. We should protect the environment around us to let them have enough food and good living conditions. 4. We should not buy the luxury such as fur，etc to support the protection campaign. 5. We should collect money to protect the endangered animals. 6. We can join the WWF to protect the endangered animals with the other protectors all over the world. Step 8 Summary and Homework T：Today we’ve learned a text about Daisy’s experience in Tibet，Zimbabwe and the rain forest. She has met three animals, the antelope, the elephant and the monkey. Through Daisy’s talk with them，we know the serious problems are facing them. They need help badly. They are our humans’ friends. We are living in the same planet. Now it’s time for us to take action of a better living planet. We have to try our best to protect their living environment, their food supply and them. Every one of us is obliged to stop hunting and killing them. Let’s live in harmony with them. T：So much for today. Here is the homework for you to do so that your knowledge can 201
be consolidated. 1.Recite the key sentences on the text. 2.Finish the word exercise. Ex. 1，2，3 on Page 28. 板书展示 Unit 4 Wildlife protection Period 1
Problems Animals Animals enough food Area in which the environment is being destroyed and animals are dying out that that are have being not hunted and killed Examples whale， milu deer， rhino， tiger， crocodile，leopard，gorilla panda，koala，giraffe polar bear，tiger，tropic fish， turtle，dolphin，gorilla monkeys Animals from the text antelopes elephants
Is used to make sweater. wool .
Antelopes are killed for
antelopes are killed. Every year over 29000 Farmers Used to hunt the elephants. Zimbabwe them. Now farmers like A millipede insect affects mosquitoes. Rain forest No rain forest ，no animals and no drug .
1.get dressed 穿上衣服 2.from under our stomachs “介词 from+介词短语”结构。 3.apply v. 申请，运用，专心于 4.as a result 结果是；作为结果 no longer 不再，再也不 5.protect...from...保护……免受……的伤害 教学反思 根据本课时的特点，安排了八个环节，第一个环节是导入环节，通过学生感兴趣 的话题或图片，激发学生的学习兴趣和欲望。第二个环节速读（Skimming）是一种快速 阅读法，学生不需要将文章仔细看完，它要求学生了解文章的主要信息，整体理解文 章。笔者设计的几个问题有利于培养学生快速阅读的能力，帮助学生理清篇章的脉 202
络，为处理文章的细节做准备。第三个环节是略读环节，在教学中把课文中的信息设 计成一个框架的形式，让学生在阅读过程中归纳出文章的大意，能使学生更好地理解 课文细节，提高阅读效率。第四个环节是细节性的阅读理解即精读，以上题目的设计 旨在检测学生的阅读理解能力和推理判断能力，同时把课文阅读教学与高考阅读理解 进行链接，培养学生的阅读策略和技能。第五个环节复述课文， 设计了篇章填空的形 式让学生复述课文，让学生进行语言输出活动，这样学生就能轻松地对文章进行概括 总结。第六个环节是知识点的讲解，彻底扫除学生在阅读过程中出现的障碍，积累相 关的词汇和短语。第七个环节是讨论，此话题能引发学生积极思考，能激起学生参与 讨论的热情。第八个环节是布置作业， 家庭作业的设计把课堂上学生的讨论活动进行 了延伸，使学生由口头输出活动转化到写的输出活动，训练学生的写作能力。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 志向是天才的幼苗， 经过热爱劳动的双手培育， 在肥田沃土里将成长为粗壮的大树。 不热爱劳动，不进行自我教育，志向这棵幼苗也会连根枯死。确定个人志向，选好专业， 这是幸福的源泉。
第 2 课时
教案Ⅰ Reading, Comprehending and Learning about language
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1．掌握运用下面单词、短语：protection, die out, hunt, in peace, in danger of, carpet, respond, distant, relief, in relief, laughter, burst out laughter, mercy, protect…from, contain, powerful, affect, pay attention to, appreciate, succeed, income, secure, employ, harm, bite。 2. 学习分析重点句型： (1) As a result these endangered animals may even die out. (2) Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. (3) The flying carpet traveled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. (4) It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests. 二、过程与方法 通过查阅资料、老师提示和小组讨论了解文章的主题，让学生学会熟练使用知识目 标中列出的单词和短语，会争取使用词汇、短语和句型。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的语言学习的方法和探究知识的乐趣。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1．课文中的语言结构。 2．重点词汇、短语和句型的理解和应用。 教学难点 l．重点词汇、短语的正确使用。 2．重点句型的突破。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1．教师启发指导、小组讨论。 2．互动式教学。 学法导航 查阅资料，小组讨论，自行解决课文中出现的重点词汇、短语、句型的用法。 教学准备 教师准备 学案以及一些与重点词汇和短语相关的资料和课件。 204
学生准备 词典、资料等。 教学过程 Step 1 作业检查 1. Remind students of what they have learnt in Reading. 2. Ask two more students to do the presentation. Step 2 词的练习 1.(1) Let students do Exercise 1 in Discovering useful words and expressions. (2) While checking the answers with the students, ask students to say out the Chinese meaning. 2. Let students do Exercise 2, Complete the passage with the words and phrases below. Then ask a student read out his or her answers. 3. Do Exercise 3: Find the words that are related to wildlife protection in this unit and fit them into the box below. Step 3 课文重要语言点 1. (1) If their habitat is threatened or they cannot find enough food, their numbers may decrease. (2) As a result these endangered animals may even die out. (3) About 30-40 remain after being left in peace with no hunting. (4) Why are they in danger of disappearing? (5) Daisy responded immediately. (6) Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater. (7) In relief Daisy burst into laughter. (8) I’m protecting myself from mosquitoes… (9) It contains a powerful drug which affects mosquitoes. (10) You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live and appreciate how the animals live together. 2. Drill for important words and phrases. (1) reserve n. 保护区；贮藏，储备 v. 保留；储备；预定（约） ；租定（座位， 房间等） The front row is reserved ____the family of the bride. A. of B. in C. to D. for be reserved for……留作，专供…..之用 Reserve your strength for the climb. ____________________. (2) apply vt. 应用，使用；涂，敷，抹；专心，集中精力 vi. 请求；申请；适用； 产生作用；有直接关系 ① Now I want to ______the position as you said just now. Could you please give me a brief ______your intention? 205
A. apply for; account of B. react to; introduction about C. reply for; description of D. remind of; introduction about ② If you ___ yourself to the textbook, you will find the question is no more difficult. B. absorb C. engage D. appeal A. apply 解析：apply oneself to 专心于；be absorbed in 专心于，全神贯注于；engage oneself in 忙于….；appeal to 对….有吸引力；呼吁。 (3) suggest vt. 建议；暗示；推荐 ①His suggestion _____ to see the art exhibition interested everyone of us. B. which we should go A. that we go C. that we would go D. we should go 解析：suggestion 后跟同位语从句时用虚拟（should）+v.，that 引导同位语从句时 不可省。 ②He came to my class every week, but his attitude ____ he was not really interested in this subject. A. expressed B. described C. explained D. suggested (4) contain vt. 包含；容纳；克制（强烈的感情） ；抑制 用 contain，include，including， included 填空 a. This book ___ ten units, _____ two main revisions. b. This bottle____ two glasses of beer. c. The money I gave you____ your sister’s. d. Everyone had something to say, me ____. 答案：1）contains，including；2）contains；3）included；4）included (5) affect vt. 影响；感动； （疾病）侵袭 Much ____by the story of Cong Fei, I am also determined to be a volunteer worker. B. affecting C. admired D. effected A. affected (6)effect n. 结果；效果；作用；影响 v. 产生，招致，完成 The first Chinese Passport Law makes a passport ___ for ten years with no extension. B. valid C. official D. effective A. available 解析：available 可得到的；可利用的；valid 有效地（指仍被权威部门认可，可以继 续使用） ；official 官方的；正式的；effective 有效的（产生或能产生期望的结果） 短语：have an effect(influence) on 对….产生影响 (7) attention 年轻一代经常被鼓励多去关心国家大事。 The young generation are often encouraged to pay more attention to state affairs. (8) species 物种 We should do our best to save endangered species. 单复同形， 同类词语还有 means， series, goods 等。 (9) respond vi. & vt. 回复,反应，响应，应答 I invited her to dinner but she did not respond. 我请她吃晚饭, 但她未作回答。 He failed to respond to the medicine.他服了这药未见起色。 206
短语：respond to 同义词：react，answer, reply (10) relief vt. 减轻,救济,解除; relieve sb. of 解除某人的(负担等); It was a great relief to find that my family was all safe. The route was designed to relieve traffic congestion. 这条路是为缓解交通拥挤而开辟 的。 (11) appreciate vt. 欣赏,感激,赏识 vt. 领会，充分意识 vi. 增值 We appreciate your helping us. 非常感谢你的帮助。 (12) inspect vt. 调查,检阅 vi. 调查； inspect ...for ... 检查...是否有...; 就... 而检查 Police were called out to keep at the airport, and inspect the arriving planes. 警察们被 紧急召集起来去守卫机场, 并对到达的飞机进行检查。 (13) mercy n. 怜悯,宽恕,仁慈,恩惠,幸运 adj. 仁慈的,宽恕的 They were lost at the sea, at the mercy of the wind and weather.他们在海上迷了路, 任 凭风和天气的摆布。 (14) as a result 结果和在考试中失 He didn't work hard, as a result he failed his exam. 他没认真学习， 败了。 Great dangers can result from misconceiving of the enemy's intentions. 错误地估计敌 人的意图就会招致巨大的危险。 (15) come into being A car comes into being through a series of complex operations. 汽车经过一连串的复 杂作业程序而制成。 This was really a difficult question, but a little boy _____ a good answer. A. came up to B. came out C. came up with D. came round 解析：come up to 比得上，达到（标准） ；come out 出版；结果是；come up with 想 出；找出（答案，计划等） ；come round 复原；顺便来访 (16) die 短语 ① die from 死于……，因……而死 ② die of 死于……，因……而死。 注：关于 die from 与 die of 的区别：die of 表示“死于……病”或冻死、气死， 或死于过度悲伤。die from 表示死于外伤、事故、劳累过度。 ③ be dying for sth [to do sth] 迫切想要(做)某事。He is dying for something to eat. ④ die away (声音、风、光线等)渐息，渐弱。如：声音、风、光线等 The sound of the car died away in the distance. 汽车的响声消失在远处。 ⑤ die down (慢慢)熄灭，平静下来。His anger has died down a bit. 他的怒气已消了 一点 ⑥ die off 一个一个地死去 die (=die one by one)。 As he grew older, his relatives all 如： died off. 随着他年龄的增长，他的亲人都一个一个地死去了。 207
⑦ die out (家族、种族、习俗、观念等)灭绝，绝迹。 如：Many old customs are dying out.许多旧习俗正在消失。 The noise of the car ____ in the distance. A. died down B. died out C. died off D. died away 解析：die down 逐渐减弱；人听到声音逐渐变小，但声音本身没有变小，所以用 die away. 又如：No one has come up with a convincing explanation of why dinosaurs_____. B. died of C. died for D. died hard A. died out (17) get dressed Hurry up and get dressed! 快点换好衣服。 (18) protect…….from 保护……免遭…… He raised his arm to protect his child from hurt.他举起胳膊保护他的孩子免遭伤害。 3. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and try to analyze them. (1) She turned round and there was an antelope with a sad face looking at her. The driver went to the town for help, with the passengers____(wait)in the bus. With the luggage___(lay) on the platform, he fell asleep on the bench aside. With a lot of homework___(do), he can’t go out to play with me. 解析：waiting；laid；to do (2) They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before humans came into being. The book was published____ it was written. A. soon before B. long before C. before long D. soon after 解析：long before 早在…..之前；before long 不久，后面不直接跟从句；soon after 不久之后 Step 4 课堂作业 Ⅰ. 选择词组填空 die out according to in peace in danger so that succeed in do harm to burst into laughter protect…from pay attention to come into being in relief 1. The new country _____________ only two years ago. 2. ____________ the teacher, he fell far behind other students as a result of laziness. 3. The government is doing its best to _________ those rare animals ________ being hunted. 4. I had warned him of the possible danger, but he didn’t ______________ it. 5. Elephants would _________ if men are allowed to shoot as many as they wished. 6. Children’s lives are ___________ every time they cross the road. 7. The two communities live together ____________. 8. Hearing the funny story, all of us __________________. 9. Why don't you start out early ___________ you don't have to hurry? 10. No one was hurt, and we all smiled __________. 208
Ⅱ.单项选择 1. Much _______ by the story of Cong Fei, I also determined to be a volunteer worker. A. affected B. appreciated C. admired D. effected the news? —He said nothing. 2. —Jerry, How did Tom A. reply B. contact to C. answer to D. respond to 3. Hua Lian Department Store will ________ some people as its workers. A. employ B. demand C. reserve D. inspect 4. You'll need a variety of skills, _________ leadership and negotiating(谈判). A. containing B. contained C. including D. included 5. If we don’t take steps. The Tibetan antelopes and pandas will ____ some day just as dinosaurs. A. die down B. die out C. die away D. die off 6. He is wearing sunglasses to____ his eyes from the strong sunlight. A. protect B. hold C. stop D. prevent 7. ________ at the school gate is asking to see you. A. Some men B. A some man C. A certain man D. Certain a man to hear that all the earthquake victims in Chile have been taken 8. It was such a care of. A. mercy B. relief C. loss D. laughter 9. Great attention must be paid ______ welfare, especially in the poor area. A. develop B. to develop C. to developing D. developing 10. Can you believe that in ____ a rich country there should be _____ many poor people? A. such; such B. such; so C. so; so D. so; such 参考答案： Ⅰ. 选择词组填空 1. came into being 2. According to 3. protect from 4. pay attention to 5. die out 6. in danger 7. in peace 8. burst into laughter 9. so that 10. in relief Ⅱ. 单项选择 1—5 ADACB 6—10 ACBCB Step 5 作业布置 1. Do Exercise 2 in Workbook, P63：Choose the words below that are synonyms of the words in italics. Change the sentences where necessary. 2. Do Exercise 3 in Workbook, P63: Translate the following sentences into English using the words and phrases in brackets. 209
板书展示 Words 7. 3. 1. 8. Phrases: 2. 4. 3. 1. 4. 5. 2. 6. 教学反思 根据本课时的特点，本课时安排了五个环节，第一个环节是检查作业，复习巩固上 节课所学的内容，为学习新科打好基础；第二个环节是个过渡环节，通过做课本的 “Discovering useful words and expressions.”进一步加强对课文中重点生词的词义和用 法的理解；接着第三步就是课文重要语言点的课文原句，找出这些重点词汇、短语和句 型的载体，为进一步加强词汇、句式的理解奠定基础；第四步就是具体深入地通过练习 的形式学习和掌握本课中出现的重点词汇、短语和句型，以便通过自己动脑、动手真正 地掌握这些词汇、短语和句型的用法；为了做到这一点，第五步就是一个针对性的课堂 训练，从而真正地内化为自己头脑中的知识。 课后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 在教育中，一切都应以教育者的人格为基础，因为只有人格才能影响人格，只有人 格才能形成性格。 ——乌申斯基
教案Ⅱ Learning about language
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1．学习现在进行时的被动语态 2． 掌握和运用本部分出现的生词和短语：apply for，bite，have an effort on （=affect） ， quality，as a result，powerless. 3．学习构词法 二、过程与方法 通过教师示范讲解，让学生学会一般将来时的被动语态的基本结构和用法。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生合作探究学习的能力，体现“Learn by doing”任务型教学思想，同时也培 养学生“争做好学生，学习优秀学生”的进取心。 210
学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 现在进行时的被动语态的基本结构和用法。 教学难点 现在进行时的被动语态的基本结构和用法的传授。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 从学习现在进行时的结构、被动语态的结构入手，解释现在进行时被动语态的基本 结构并让学生训练使用。 学法导航 通过训练主动变被动的句子来做句型转换的操练， 以掌握现在进行时被动语态的基 本结构和用法。 教学准备 教师准备 多媒体课件，学案、图片等。 学生准备 翻译几个现在进行时的句子。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision 1. Have a word dictation of 15 words. 2. Try to retell the passage with the help of the following chart. Is used to make sweater. Fur Tibet Antelopes are killed for wool .
Every year over 29000 antelopes are killed. Farmers Used to hunt the elephants. Zimbabwe Now farmers like them. A millipede insect affects mosquitoes. Rain forest No rain forest ，no animals and no drug .
Step 2 Useful Words and Expressions T ： You are expected to complete the exercises in Learning about language 211
independently. Now let’s check the answers. （Ask some students to the blackboard to write down their answers，then ask the other students to correct.） The suggested answers： Ⅰ.1.powerful 2.apply for 3.enemy4.mosquito 5.affect 6.container 7.loss 8.suggest 9.pay attention to 10.die out 11.drug 12.as a result Ⅱ.paid attention；suggested；die out；loss；apply；As a result；affected Ⅲ.1.after all 2.endanger 3.affect 4.powerful 5.because 6.because of Step 3 Useful Structures 1. Lead-in T：This part is about the Present progressive Passive Voice：am/is/are being done. At first，who can find out two more examples? S1：Daisy is being watched by an excited elephant. S2：The elephant is being protected by the farmers. T：Very good. Now let’s check the answers in Exercise 2 on Page 29. （Ask some students to write the answers on the blackboard first. Then check it.） The suggested answers：
Question Who is studying the rhino? Who is protecting the African elephant? Who is hunting the Tibetan antelope? Who is taking photos of the panda? Who is killing the whales? Who is attacking the mice? Answer The rhino is being studied by the university students. The African elephant is being protected by the WWF. The Tibetan antelope is being hunted by the people who wish to take the wool from it. The panda is being photographed by Daisy. The whales are being killed by the Japanese fishermen. The mice are being attacked by the cat.
2. Sum-up (1)现在进行时被动语态表示说话时或现阶段某个动作正在被进行， 谓语动词的形式 为“is / are / am + being+过去分词” 试比较下列句子： e.g. Look! The children are being taken care of by their aunt. 瞧!孩子们现在正由阿姨照看着。(指现在的情况) Children are taken good care of at school. 孩子们在学校被照看得很好。(指通常的情况) The report is being written by one of the best students. 报告正在由一个最好的学生写 着。 The report is well written. 报告写得很好。 (2) 现在进行时被动语态的用法： ①表示现阶段正在进行的动作 E.g. Rainforests are being cut and burned. Many interesting experiments are being carried out these days. 212
②表示计划或安排 Active voice: I am singing a folk next. → A folk song is being sung next. Active voice: We are holding a party tonight. → A party is being held tonight. ③没有进行时的被动语态 一些表示状态、心理活动、拥有、存在等的动词一般不用进行时被动语态，常用一般现 在时被动语态表示此时此刻或目前正在被进行的动作。 【误】 Xiao Wang, come here. You are being wanted on the phone. 【正】 Xiao Wang, come here. You are wanted on the phone. Step 4 Exercises on WB T：In this unit we have learnt some useful words，expressions and structures，now let’s do exercises about them. Check the answers of Ex. 1 on Page 63，Ex. 3 on Page 64 and Ex. 1 of Using structures. The suggested answers： Ex.1：1.help 2.rise 3.protect 4.affect 5.suggest 6.concerned 7.attention 8.wildlife 9.rainforest 10.endanger Ex. 3：World Wildlife，set，international，organization，projects，protecting， endangered，consider，led，save，reserves，sign Ex. 1 of Using structures： 1....is under repair=...is being repaired 2....is under discussion=...is being discussed 3....are under research=...are being researched 4....is under consideration=...is being considered 5....is under development=...is being developed T：Now let’s do some more exercises of the workbook. Please turn to Page 64，I’ll give you five minutes to translate the sentences and answer the questions of Exercise 2. （Five minutes later.） T：Please change your answers with your partner，and try your best to correct the sentences，then practice the questions in pairs.（One asks，the other one answers.） The possible answers： S1：What can we do to protect Milu deer from disappearing again? Partner：We should protect their living conditions and forbid hunters to kill them freely. S2：Do you think the pandas in China are in danger? Partner：Of course. They have less and less food to eat，they are being hunted and their living conditions are being destroyed，too. S3：What are your suggestions about protecting wildlife? 213
Partner：We should protect their living conditions，forbid hunters to kill them freely， build more natural reserves for them and we shouldn’t disturb them. S4：Do you know why the dinosaurs suddenly died out about 65000000 years ago? Partner：I’m not so sure about it. Maybe there were disasters on the earth. S5：The national wildlife protection parks shouldn’t be open to the tourists. Do you think so? Partner：Yes. I agree. Step 5 Homework T：That’s all for this class，after class I hope you’ll review what we’ve learned. 板书展示 Unit 4 Wildlife protection Period 2 1. bite vt./vi.（bit，—bitten）咬；叮；刺痛 2. have an（good/bad/no）effect on...=affect 对……有影响 3. pay attention to “to” is a prep. here.，after “to” we should use nouns or v-ing. 教学反思 根据本课时的特点，安排了五个环节，第一个环节是复习上节课所学的重点单词和 短语，以及课文信息，以便使学生能够灵活熟练地应用；第二个环节是课本重点词汇短 语的应用练习，为了准确地掌握并应用所学的词汇和短语；第三个环节是语法学习，通 过复习一般现在时的被动语态， 引入一般将来时的被动语态， 减轻学生学习新课的难度； 第四个环节就是对新讲解的；第五个环节的作业是对本节科所学内容的进行复习巩固， 从而做到学以致用。 课后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 教育工作者必须不耐烦地耐心工作，永远不向任何一端完全妥协。 ——保罗·弗莱雷
第 3 课时
教案Ⅰ Learning about language— Discovering useful structures
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1．学习现在进行时的被动语态 2．掌握和运用本部分出现的生词和短语 3．学习构词法 二、过程与方法 通过教师示范讲解，让学生学会一般将来时的被动语态的基本结构和用法。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生合作探究学习的能力，体现“Learn by doing”任务型教学思想，同时也培 养学生“争做好学生，学习优秀学生”的进取心。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1．现在进行时的被动语态的基本结构和用法。 2．学习构词法。 教学难点 现在进行时的被动语态的基本结构和用法的传授。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 从学习现在进行时的结构、被动语态的结构入手，学习现在进行时被动语态的基本 结构和用法。 学法导航 通过训练主动变被动的句子来做句型转换的操练， 以掌握现在进行时被动语态的基 本结构和用法。 教学准备 教师准备 多媒体课件，学案、图片等。 学生准备 翻译几个现在进行时的句子。 教学过程 Step 1 检查作业 1. Have a word dictation of 15 words. 215
2. Make some sentences with the given words. Step 2 课前热身 1. Good morning class. To begin with we shall put our text HOW DAISY LEARNED TO HELP WILDLIFE on stage, that is, to act out our story. Now the class acting team with their text play of HOW DAISY LEARNED TO HELP WILDLIFE!
2. Playing a game Let’s go on to play the game described on the top of the page 29. The following sentences are to be passed on. ▲ Plant native plants in your backyard. ▲ Do not dump weeds in the bush. ▲ Build a frog pond in your backyard. ▲ Put your rubbish in the bin. ▲ Leave your pets at home. ▲ Do not take anything out of the park. ▲ Encourage your friends to keep patches of bush as wildlife habitats. ▲ Join a community group and offer to do voluntary work. ▲ Find out about conservation activities happening in your local area. ▲ Participate in local clean-up, tree planting and weed control activities. ▲ Learn About Threatened Species. ▲ Look out for wildlife. ▲ Refuse to buy any rare or endangered plant or animal product. ▲ Be alert and drive slowly at dawn and dusk in rural where wildlife may be active. Step 3 学习现在进行时时的被动语态 1. Passive Voice The passive voice is used when focusing on the person or thing affected by an action. The Passive is formed: Passive Subject + be + Past Participle It is often used in business and in other areas where the object of the action is more important than those who perform the action. For Example: We have produced over 20 different models in the past two years. Changes to: Over 20 different models have been produced in the past two years. If the agent (the performer of the action) is important, use “by.” For Example: Tim Wilson wrote The Flight to Brunswick in 1987. The Flight to Brunswick was written in 1987 by Tim Wilson. 216
Only verbs that take an object can be used in the passive. The following chart includes sentences changed from the active to the passive in the principal tenses.
Active They make Fords in Cologne. Susan is cooking dinner. James Joyce wrote Dubliners. They were painting the house when I arrived. They have produced over 20 models in the past two years. They are going to build a new factory in Portland. I will finish it tomorrow. Passive Fords are made in Cologne. Dinner is being cooked by Susan Dubliners was written by James Joyce. The house was being painted when I arrived. Over 20 models have been Present Perfect produced in the past two years. A new factory is going to be built in Portland. It will be finished tomorrow. Future Intention with Going to Future Simple Past Continuous Time Reference Present Simple Present Continuous Past Simple
2. Passive Verb Formation The passive forms of a verb are created by combining a form of the “to be verb.” with the past participle of the main verb. Other helping verbs are also sometimes present: “The measure could have been killed in committee.” The passive can be used, also, in various tenses. Let’s take a look at the passive forms of “design.”
Tense Present Present perfect Past Past perfect Future Future perfect Present progressive Past progressive Subject The car/cars The car/cars The car/cars The car/cars The car/cars The car/cars The car/cars The car/cars Auxiliary Singular is has been was had been will be will have been is being was being Plural are have been were had been will be will have been are being were being Past Participle designed. designed. designed. designed. designed. designed. designed. designed.
Step 4 课堂训练 Since you are clear about Passive Verb Formation, go back to page 26 and scan the text for all the examples of The Present Progressive Passive Voice. We’re being killed for the wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. …… Now try to put the following sentences into The Present Progressive Passive Voice. ▲ They are producing this new drug. 217
▲ Antelope is looking at her. ▲ They are killing us for the wool. ▲ They are destroying the farm. Step 5 总结训练 To consolidate your learning of The Present Progressive Passive Voice, turn to page 29 and do the grammar exercises 2 and 3. Step 6 作业布置 Workbook P 64 1. & 2. 教学反思 根据本课时的特点，安排了六个环节，第一个环节是复习上节课所学的重点单词和 短语，以便使学生能够灵活熟练地应用；第二个环节是课前热身活动，以便让学生能够 顺利地接受一般将来时被动语态的结构，减轻学生学习新课的难度；第三个环节是一个 词的转换技巧，帮助学生了解词汇的构成；第四个环节通过训练学习一般将来时的被动 语态的结构，通过主动变被动的训练使学生能够熟练地掌握和运用，这样更有助于学生 从根源上解决一般将来时的被动语态结构；第五个环节是总结训练现在进行时被动语 态； 第六个环节的作业也是针对定语从句的一个巩固练习，从而做到学以致用。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 教师的生命是从教师职业开始的， 教师在自己的职业中和工作要求中寻求生活的满 足。 ——第斯多惠
教案Ⅱ Extensive Reading （Reading and listening）
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1．重点词汇和短语：disappear，come into being，species，country，rare，die out， dust，dusty，for sure，recently，build a good friendship，be common in，care for 2．重点句型： Our fur is being used to make sweaters like yours. There are so many of them that a new park has been opened for them in Hubei Province. 二、过程与方法 (1) 通过问答练习让学生学习掌握文章“Animal Extinction”的主旨大意。 (2) 启发学生寻找动物消失的真正原因，并会表述自己应该怎样去做。 三、情感、态度与价值观 让学生意识到是什么使得很多动物消失了，为了保护环境，自己应该做些什么。 218
学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点及难点 教学重点 文章的主旨大意。 教学难点 如何培养学生的阅读理解能力。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1．创设情境，小组讨论。 2．实践提高学生的写作能力。 学法导航 学习在老师的指导下怎样写好关于如何拯救濒临危险动物的作文。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 复习上节课所学语法——现在进行时的被动语态， 会使用现在进行时被动语态的句 子。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision Revise some information about some endangered animals. T：Last class we learned something about some endangered animals. Remember? Ss：Yes. T：Can you name some animals which are endangered? Ss：Yes. S1：Polar bears. T：Good. S2：Rhino. T：Well done. S3：Milu deer. T：Yeah, very good. S4：Pandas，which appear only in China. T：Terrific! S5：Tibetan antelopes. As we see in the film 可可西里, they are being hunted day by day，and as result, there are only a little number of them left. It is really a shame for us human beings. 219
T：Yeah，absolutely right. Sometimes we human beings are to blame. We are destroying the world where we are living and killing our dear friends by destroying their environment. So what should we do? Ss：Try our best to protect our environment and fight against any behavior doing harm to animals and their surroundings. Step 2 Lead-in T：Look at the screen please. Do you know anything about these animals? （Show the following pictures on the screen.）
S1：Dinosaurs and dodos have died out. They lived on the earth many years ago. S2：The Milu deer still live on the earth, there are some in China. T：Yes. Do you want to know more about them? Let’s come to the short passage on Page 30. Step 3 Reading Task 1 Prediction T：Can you guess what the reasons might be for the disappearance of the dinosaurs and dodos? S1：Because the weather changed much at that time. 220
S2：Because the human beings killed them. Task 2 Fast reading for the main idea T：Maybe you are right. Let’s read the text. After reading，you should find out the main idea of the text. One minute for you to read. （One minute later.） T：You may talk about it with your partner and now report your work. S1：The main idea is species and the reasons for dinosaurs’ dying out. T：That’s right. Task 3 Detailed reading T ： Now read the text for a second time to underline the important words and expressions and try to find out the answers to these questions. 1. When did the dinosaurs live? 2. What’s the rare new species dinosaur like? 3. What could the rare new species dinosaur do? 4. Why did the dinosaur die out? T：I’ll give you four minutes to prepare. Check the answers： 1. When did the dinosaurs live? Tens of millions of years ago, long before humans came into being. 2. What’s the rare new species dinosaur like? The rare new species dinosaur looks like a bird. 3. What could the rare new species dinosaur do? They could not only run but also climb trees. 4. Why did the dinosaur die out? Maybe that’s because a large rock hit the earth or because the earth got too hot to live on. Step 4 Reading task on Workbook T：Now let’ s come to another kind of rare animal：Can you guess what that is? Ss：Milu deer. Yes or no? T：Yes. You are right. Today we’ll read a passage about this kind of deer. Read the passage on Page 65 and try to collect information for research into Milu deer and fill in the table on Page 65.
T：I’ll give you four minutes to prepare. （Four minutes later.） At first，let the students discuss the information collected with their partner and then check them with the whole class. Suggested answers：
Appearance of Milu deer Features of Milu deer Reasons for disappearance Milu deer in Britain How they returned Present situation Value of the cooperation At first they appeared in China. They lived together and ate grass and soft parts of tree. They were not protected and many were killed. They like the weather there and the number increased year by year. The government of China asked to bring back some and the Duke helped. They are happy for the number has grown rapidly. This is a good example to show the friendship and understanding between two countries.
T：Now read the text for a second time and underline the important words and expressions. If you have any question，please ask me. Step 5 Assignment T：In this class, we’ve read two passages about dinosaurs and Milu deer，and listen to a passage about dodos. Please try to describe dinosaurs, Milu deer and dodos in your own words. At the beginning of the next class, I’ll ask some of you to tell me. Step 6 Homework T：Finish the exercises in Learning about language. 板书展示 Unit 4 Wildlife protection Period 3 1.long before 很久以前 before long 不久以后 2.come into being=begin to exist 形成； 出现；产生 教学反思 根据本课时的特点，安排了五个环节，第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识，以便更灵 活地应用；第二个环节是个阅读训练，提高学生的阅读技巧；第三环节就是一个这篇文 章的阅读，通过速读和细读两个环节让学生理解课文的大意，可以在写作训练中加以尝 试应用； 第四个环节是对文章中的重点知识点的讲解， 以解决学生在阅读中遇到的困难； 222
第五个环节是作业布置，进一步巩固所学知识。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 教员不是拿所得的结果教人，最要紧的是拿怎样得着结果的方法教人。 —— 梁启超
第 4 课时
教案Ⅰ Reading, Listening 和 Writing
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1．重点词汇和短语：come into being, inspect, incident, according to, so that。 2. 重点句型： The eggs of twenty-five species have been found in Xixia County, Nanyang, Henan Province. 二、过程与方法 （1）让学生抓住“Animal Extinction”的细节写一篇关于拯救濒临灭亡的危险动物 的信。 （2）帮助学生学会抓住细节，掌握写信表达意愿的有关写作方法。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力和使用应用交流的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1．让学生学会表达“intention and purpose”，并且会谈论解决的方法。 2．让学生能够使用适当的和有效的方法来组织写好一封信。 教学难点 怎样用正确的方式写好一封信。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1．创设情境，小组讨论。 2．实践提高学生的写作能力。 学法导航 学习在老师的指导下怎样写好关于如何拯救濒临危险动物的作文。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 复习上节课所学语法——现在进行时的被动语态， 会使用现在进行时被动语态的句 子。 教学过程 224
Step 1 检查作业 Check the answer to the Ex. in the workbook P64 1. & 2. Let Ss answer orally and correct the wrong answers. Step 2 课前准备 I. Warming up by reading to the tape Let’s warm up by reading aloud to the recording of the text About dinosaur on page 30. II. Listening about DINOSAURS Now I’d like to tell you something about DINOSAURS In formation about Dinosaur Dinosaur means terrible lizard in Latin. They were called that because people used to think dinosaurs were lizards, but they were not. Dinosaurs first appeared about 200 million years ago. 65 million years ago, many kinds of dinosaurs became extinct. Birds are a special type of dinosaur and they were the only kind to live until today. There were many kinds of dinosaurs. Some ate plants and some ate meat. The largest dinosaurs were plant-eaters like apatosaurus and brachiosaurus. They were the largest animals to ever walk on dry land. Other plant-eaters had special weapons to help them fight off the meat-eaters. For example, triceratops had three horns on its face; ankylosaurus was covered in boney plates, and stegosaurus had spikes on its tail. The meat-eaters all ran around on their back legs like people do. Some were very large, like tyrannosaurus, and some were small, like compsognathus. It was the smaller sized meat-eaters that evolved into birds. One of the first birds was archaeopteryx, but it looked half like a dinosaur. There were large flying reptiles that lived at the same time as dinosaurs called pterosaurs, but they were not closely related to dinosaurs. There were also many kinds of large reptiles that could swim, like ichthyosaurs and plesiosaurs, but they weren’t closely related to dinosaurs either. Step 3 阅读训练 Next we shall go back to the text ABOUT DINOSAURS on page 30 again to read it and copy down all the expressions into your notebook. Useful phrases from ABOUT DINOSAURS During the history of the earth, live on the earth, tens of millions of years ago, come into being, eggs of five species, a rare new species, a bird-like dinosaur, climb tree, tell…from…, die out, hit the earth, put…into the air, get hot, live on, know for sure, in the same way, listen to the story about…, disappear from… Reading to answer questions Read the questions in the table below and scan the text to answer them.
When did dinosaurs live on earth? When did dinosaurs die out? How did dinosaurs die out?
Step 4 听说训练 Listening about the dodo Have you ever heard of the dodo, an animal that has also disappeared from the earth? The Mauritius Dodo (Raphus cucullatus, called Didus ineptus by Linnaeus), more commonly just Dodo, was a meter-high flightless bird of the island of Mauritius. The Dodo, which is now extinct, lived on fruit and nested on the ground. Next we are going to listen to the tape and do exercises 1 and 2 on page 30 on dodo. Speaking in pairs about helping the dodo. Zhao Yannan: The Dodo was driven to extinction by sailors when they discovered the island of Maritius in the 17th century. It is one of the first documented human induced extinctions. Zhao Yanfei: What a pity that we can not find any dodo now. Imagine we are with the dodo, Yannan, what could we do to help it? Zhao Yannan: Then I would intend to hide it in a cave, so that sailors could not find it. Zhao Yanfei: If I were there, I would try to trap them as they were catching and killing the dodo. Putting man who is harmful to the dodo in a cage and attacking him is the best way to protect and save the dodo. Zhao Yannan: I’d like to and I’m ready to, teach man how to be friends with animals, including the dodo. The man and the dodo can be living side by side on the earth. They can be happy together. ZhaoYanfei: I would rather not tell you what I think of man. He is selfish and cruel. He cares only for himself and that is why so many animals have disappeared from this earth. Putting the bad men in a cage is the only way out, I am sure. Step 5 写作训练 Closing down by writing to the dodo. All right now, boys and girls, to end this period next you are to write a letter or an email to the dodo telling him what you are going to do to save him. By 1681, the last dodo died, and the species became extinct. After hundreds of years, no one recalled what a dodo bird was, and it was regarded as a myth invented by imaginative sailors. It wasn’t until the 1900’s when the bones were found that the dodo was believed to be real. Today, the dodo bird is a symbol of the harm humans can bring to other living things if we are irresponsible. I. Type of writing and summary of the idea
HOW DAISY LEARNED TO HELP WILDLIFE Type of wring This is a piece of narrative writing. Daisy went by flying chair to Tibet, Zimbabwe and a certain thick Main idea of the passage rain forest to visit endangered animals, which made her know a lot about some destructive as well as protection behaviors that people had done to wildlife. Idea of 1st paragraph Idea of 2nd and 3rd paragraphs Idea of 4th paragraph Idea of 5th paragraph Daisy arrived in Tibet to see a sad antelope to learn that in three years they may all be gone. Daisy came to Zimbabwe to see an excited elephant and learned that his family was being protected by man. Daisy landed in a thick rain forest to find a clever monkey and learned that no rain forest, no animals and no drugs. Daisy returned home learning so much about wildlife.
Step 6 作业布置 Workbook P66 Speaking Task and Writing Task. 教学反思 根据本课时的特点，安排了六个环节，第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识，以便更灵 活地应用；第二个环节是准备环节，减轻学生学习新课的难度；第三环节，是 “关于 恐龙”的小阅读，通过对阅读中出现的一些写作技巧，可以在这篇写作训练中加以尝试 应用；第四环节就是一个听说训练，培养学生的听说技能；第五个环节是一个关于写作 的训练，通过这些训练可以把所学知识准确地输出出来，对学生语言的学习来说，这是 一个非常重要的环节。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 要得到孩子的尊重和爱戴，首先要学会尊重孩子的人格，要尽量多地要求一个人， 尽可能多地尊重一个人。 ──前苏联教育家 马卡连柯
教案Ⅱ Listening，Speaking and Writing
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1. 让学生学会表达“打算和目标”，学会谈论解决的办法。 2. 培养听说能力和写作能力。 二、过程与方法 从学生的学习兴趣、生活体验和认知水平出发，倡导体验、实践、参与、合作与交 227
流的学习方式和任务型的教学途径的教学理念，尝试语篇教学。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力，激发学生的积极思维，并使学生互相了解，增进友谊， 加强合作与交流。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点及难点 教学重点 通过听、说、写培养学生的语言英语能力。 教学难点 利用所学词汇、短语、句式写关于设计机器人的有关报告。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 通过阅读，小组讨论把握文章细节，从而会写关于介绍一种机器人的作文。 学法导航 通过阅读、小组讨论写出关于向 WWF 提出的保护动物的文章。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 预习阅读和写作中出现的生词短语，写下你了解的关于机器人的有关情况。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision T：Good morning, boys and girls! Last class I asked you to prepare the description of dinosaurs and Milu deer and dodos，so now I will ask some of you to have a try. Any volunteers? S1：Dinosaurs lived on the earth long before humans came into being. There were many different species of them，of which a rare new one was able to run as well as climb. The reasons for their dying out are not sure. Maybe because of a large rock or due to the hot weather. S2：Dodos lived on the earth long ago. They lived on an island called Mauritius. They were curious and kind-hearted and quite different from most of the animals there. They were birds，but they were large and only had small wings. Their favorite activity was to wander along the beach and wait till the insects were ready to be eaten. S3：Milu deer used to be common in China. They lived together and lived on grass. But as a result of hunting，they disappeared from China later. Luckily，some were taken to Britain before that. So Chinese government can bring back some. Now there are more and 228
more Milu deer in China. T：Everyone has done a very good job! Step 2 Listening Task 1. how we are going to listen to the story about another animal named dodo. Please have a look at the picture on P31. What does it look like?
Ss：It looks like a duck. It’s very large. T：What about its wings? Are they very large too? Ss：No，its wings are very small. T：Can it fly high in the sky easily? S1：I don’t think it can easily fly high in the sky. T：Do you agree with her? Ss：Yes. T：So what might be its problem? S2：It can only walk on land. And when there is an animal attacking it，it can’t escape. T：You might be right. Let’s listen and see. As for the first time，you don’t have to understand every word. You can ignore what you don’t understand and concentrate on what you can understand. Now please open your books and turn to Page 30 to go through the Ex.2 and try to predict what might happen to dodo. （Two minutes later） T：What happened to dodo? Ss：It disappeared. T：Right. Task 2. Listen for detailed information Get the Ss to listen to the tape again and fill in the blanks. Once upon a time I lived on the earth too. I was called “dodo”. My home was an ______ called Mauritius. I was ______ and ______ and quite ______from most of the animals there. I liked to make friends with the other animals and never ______.I have no enemies. We were birds too，but we were large and only had small ______.My favorite activity was to ______ along the beach and wait till the insects were ready to be eaten. Get the Ss to discuss the answers in pairs and then check the answers to blanks （Suggested answers: island, curious, kind-hearted, different, quarreled, wings, wander）and Ex.1 （CDBC）.Get them to tell the reasons for their choices. 229
Step 2 Speaking T：So you know many species of endangered animals. Do you feel it a pity that so many animals are dying out? Ss：Of course/Sure. T：Now imagine that you are with one of the species. You try to help them. How to help them? Talk in pairs what you might do. Try to use as many useful phrases as possible. The phrases of Speaking on Page 31 may be useful to you. After four minutes，get some Ss to present their solutions and at the same time collect their ideas on the Blackboard. S1：I’m going to do something to help the Tibetan antelopes，for they are endangered. I mean to take them away from people and hide it in a cave on a separate plain. And I will dig holes around to prevent man from attacking and killing them for money again. S2：I agree with you. I will encourage man to raise other animals and stop hunting dodos. S3：I think I’d like to ask the government to build some nature reserves so as to protect them. S4：In my opinion，I prefer to ask the government to make some severe regulations to punish whoever do harm to the endangered animals. S5：I tend to request the government to call on all citizens to love and protect wildlife. S6：We intend to plant more trees and grow more grass. S7 ：We mean to persuade the TV station to broadcast programmes to show the importance of protecting wildlife. T：Good ideas. In fact we should work hard together and devote every effort to helping them. Step 3 Writing Ask them to choose the ideas that they like best and put them under the headings. Make a plan. For example：
Ask the government to make some severe regulations to 1. How to protect the dodo from man. punish whoever do harm to the endangered animals. Take them away from people and hide it in a cave on a separate plain. 2. How to stop man from killing dodos 3. How to teach man to hunt another animal. Go to another island. Hide the dodos. Encourage man to raise other animals and stop hunting dodos.
Ask the Ss to make the first draft independently. Before they write，remind them to begin the letter with their address and the solution and to finish the letter with their best wishes and signature. When they finish，ask them to share their ideas with their partners and get some advice 230
from him/her. Then ask them to write a second draft in consideration of their partner’s suggestions， making necessary changes. At last show some of their drafts on the slide ， pointing out the mistakes and appreciating the beautiful sentences. Sample letter to the Dodo： Dear Dodo， I am writing to you because I have heard of your problems. I know man is trying to kill all the dodos and I want to help you. Here are my ideas. First，I would like to come and attack them for you so that they will leave you alone. I want to build a trap and catch them and put them in a cage. Then they will not feel like killing any dodos again. Second，I wish I could take you away to another island where you will be happy and peaceful. I wish I were with you now. Good luck till I come. Yours sincerely， Xiao Xing Step 4 Summary and Homework T ： Time is running out. We have to stop here. Today we again talked about endangered animals and you gave solutions to their dilemmas. After class we should go on to care for wildlife protection and do our best for them，will you? Ss：Yes/Sure/Of course. Step 5 Homework： Check their compositions again and write one. Sum up what we have learnt in this unit. 板书展示 Unit 4 Wildlife protection Period 4 Intention Purpose I mean/tend/intend to I’m going to I shall/will... I would like to... I feel like... Writing a letter to the dodo 1. How to protect the dodo from man. 2. How to stop man from killing dodos. 3. How to teach man to hunt an other animal. 教学反思 231
根据本课时的特点，安排了五个环节，第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识，以便更灵 活地应用；第二个环节是听力训练，通过听指导学生如何有效地听到所听的内容；第三 环节， 是说的训练， 是口语表达的环节， 设计这一步是为了让学生用所学表达自己的“打 算和目标”的表达法来表达自己的观点；第四环节就是一个关于写作的训练，通过这些 训练可以把所学知识准确地输出出来，对学生语言的学习来说，这是一个非常重要的环 节；第五个环节是归纳总结，巩固所学内容，以便真正地掌握这些知识；第六个环节是 布置作业。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 保存儿童的天性，并且正是按照它所指出的方向，用知识把儿童天性武装起来。 ——埃默森
第 5 课时
教案Ⅰ Summing up，Learning Tips， Checking Yourself
教学目标 一、知识与技能 解决本单元的重点知识点和学生作业和测试中出现的问题。 二、过程与方法 教师点拨，学生分析自己的错误，合作和询问解决个人存在的问题。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的自学能力和合作探究的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 学生测试卷中出现和仍然存在的难题、问题。 教学难点 写作方法的指导，学生习作的批阅。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 合作探究，由点到面。 学法导航 发现问题，合作探究。 教学准备 教师准备 提前批阅学生习作，找出优秀者。 学生准备 提前把优秀的习作发给学生，让学生自己在全班同学面前朗读，表示对这个学生的 认可和鼓励。 教学过程 Step 1 测试（20 minutes） Step 2 作文评讲 1．List some errors made by the students and do the analysis. 2. Discuss how to avoid the careless mistakes in writing. 3. Ask the groups to exchange their writings and give advice to each other about it. 4. Read one or two compositions as good samples. 教学反思 233
1．Warming Up 过程根据教学需要，可以在单元开始或结束时进行。 2．每节课的目的都应该有所侧重，每个环节的作用也应有所不同，不要面面俱到， 一些“热身”活动应该轻轻带过，否则就不能控制课堂的时间。 3．写作的每一步骤都要到位，养成良好的写作习惯，特别要强调书写。 4．要加强学生在英语学习当中对词性、语态、时态的重视，体会英语和汉语在这 三方面的不同。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 教育是人们灵魂的教育，而非理智知识和认识的堆积。教育的本质意味着：一棵树 摇动另一棵树，一朵云摇动另一朵云，一个灵魂唤醒另一个灵魂。 ——雅斯贝尔斯
教学目标 一、知识与技能 解决本单元的重点知识点和学生作业和测试中出现的问题。 二、过程与方法 教师点拨，学生分析自己的错误，合作和询问解决个人存在的问题。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的自学能力和合作探究的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 学生测试卷中出现和仍然存在的难题、问题。 教学难点 写作方法的指导，学生习作的批阅。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1．问答式提问。2．合作探究。 学法导航 发现问题，合作探究，完成测试内容。 234
教学准备 教师准备 提前批阅学生习作，找出优秀者。 学生准备 提前把优秀的习作发给学生，让学生自己在全班同学面前朗读，表示对这个学生的 认可和鼓励。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision T：So far we have finished this unit which is about wildlife protection. Ss：It’s about the endangered wildlife and how to protect them from dying out from the earth. S1：I have learned tremendous about the poor wildlife and I’ve made up my mind to try every effort to protect them. T：Terrific. Step 2 Assessment T：Today we are going to see how hard you worked and how much more you know about wildlife. 非测试性评价 A quiz about wildlife protection. Tick the statements according to what you do or think. 1. I can easily name 10 kinds of animals which live in my neighborhood. 2. I am very friendly to wildlife and never hurt any animals；for example，insects and birds. 3. I have kept little pets at home./I keep a little pet at home now. 4. I have donated some pocket money to wildlife protection organizations. 5. I believe human beings and animals can live happily together. 6. I think the wildlife crisis is mainly caused by humans. 测试性评价 Ⅰ.单词拼写 your health. 1. Smoking a to death by mosquitoes while camping. 2. We were b to what is going on around you. 3. You should pay full a dog to guard the house. Please don’t enter without asking for its 4. There is a f owner. 5. Whisky c a large percentage of alcohol. 6. The tour companies ______ （申请）to be allowed to hunt some for a fee，which made a lot of money for the farmers. 7. One can’t work with an empty ______（肚子）. 8. He took the poor children under ______（保护）. 235
9. It’s ______（建议）that we put on a short play at the party. 10. We offer an excellent after-sale s （服务）. Keys： 1.affects 2.bitten 3.attention 4.faithful 5.contains 6.applied 7.stomach 8.protection 9.suggested 10.service Ⅱ.句型转换 1. A：The worker is showing us how to operate the machine. B：We ______ ______ ______ how to operate the machine. 2. A：It amazed her that he was still alive. B：She ______ ______ that he was still ______. 3. A：People are collecting money for a wildlife project in the world. B：______ ______ ______ ______ for a wildlife project in the world. 4. A：There was a small beautiful garden in our school，but now it has disappeared. B：There ______ ______ ______ a small beautiful garden in our school. 5. A：People hope that milu deer will be common in China. B：______ ______ ______ that milu deer will be common in China. 6. A：Milu deer has disappeared from China. B：Milu deer has ______ ______ in China. 7. A：Please show me some place in which there is some wildlife protection. B：Please show me some place ______ there is some wildlife protection. 8. A：Although tourists love to see us，they didn’t want to protect us. B：They didn’t want to protect us ______ ______ tourists love to see us. 9. A：The boy did not go to school because of illness. B：The boy did not go to school ______ he was ______. 10. A：Every word from the teacher will affect the pupils greatly. B：Every word from the teacher will ______ a great ______ ______the pupils. Keys：1. are being shown 2. was amazed...living 3. Money is being collected 4. used to be 5. It is hoped 6. died out 7. where 8. even though/if 9. because...ill 10. have...effect on Ⅲ.完成句子 1. 由于下雪，很多同学迟到了。 It snowed.______ ______ ______，many students were late. 2. 我听说杰克曾经差点丢了工作。 I hear Jack once was ______ ______ of losing his life. 3. 许多风俗渐渐都没有了。 Many customs are slowly ______ ______. 4. 你知道新中国是什么时候成立的吗？ Do you know when New China ______ ______ ______？ 5. 每个人都要注意环境保护。 236
Everyone should ______ ______ ______environment protection. Keys: 1. As a result 2. in danger 3. dying out 4. came into being 5. pay attention to Step 4 A Formative Assessment Chart Read the following chart carefully and then work together with your partners to complete the assessment.
Goals Rating items and its standards Acceptance of the materials of the unit. A. Enjoy all the materials. B. Enjoy more than three kinds of it. C. Only accept 1-2 kinds of it. D. Don’t accept any of them. Acceptance of the activities in this unit. A. All are accepted. Interactive response B. Willing to take part in three kinds or so. C. Not willing to take part in 1 or 2. D. Not willing to take part in any. Number of web sites referred to in order to get related information on this topic. A. More than 5. C.1 or 2. A. More than 5. C.1 to 2. A. All. C.50 %. A. All. Efficient Preparation before Class C.50 %. class. A. All. C.50 %. passages or the usage of words. A. More than 10. C.3-5. B.6-8. D. Less than 2. B.80%. D.20% or less. B. About 3. D. None. B.3 to 4. D. Zero. B.80%. D.20% or less. B.80%. D.20% or less. Self-rating He-rating
Number of webs or other resources related to the topic.
Number of words looked up in the unit.
Percentage of passages read before class.
Percentage of difficult sentences underlined before
Number of questions raised about the understanding of
Frequency of being absent-minded A. Never. C. Often. A. Always. C. Seldom. A. All. C. About 50%. A. Always. C. Seldom. A. All. C. About 50%. unit A. Everyday. B. Every other day. C. Every 3-4 days. D. Every 5 days or more. After learning this unit ， you find your ability in listening，speaking，reading and writing have been ______ improved. A. fully C. slightly Useful words Summary of the Whole Unit Useful phrases Useful patterns & structures Grammar Aspects Be to Improved B. partially D. not B. Seldom. D. All the time. B. Often. D. Never. B. About 80%. D. Less than 20%. B. Often. D. Never. B. About 80%. D. Less than 20%.
Frequency of raising hands to answer questions Attention & Cooperation in Class
Amount of notes taken down.
Cooperation with partners in activities.
Amount of knowledge and skills covered and digested.
Frequency of practicing the learned materials in this Full Understanding and Enjoyment After Class
板书展示 Unit 4 Wildlife protection Period 5
A quiz about wildlife protection Tick the statements according to what you do or think. 238
教学反思 1．Warming Up 过程根据教学需要，可以在单元开始或结束时进行。 2．每节课的目的都应该有所侧重，每个环节的作用也应有所不同，不要面面俱到， 一些“热身”活动应该轻轻带过，否则就不能控制课堂的时间。 3．写作的每一步骤都要到位，养成良好的写作习惯，特别要强调书写。 4．要加强学生在英语学习当中对词性、语态、时态的重视，体会英语和汉语在这 三方面的不同。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 不好的教师是给学生传授真理，好的教师是使学生找寻真理。在第一种情况下，运 动是由上而下进行的；在第二种情况下，运动是由下而上进行的。前者是学生由顶峰开 始，努力走向基础；后者是从基础开始，学生站在基础上面，然后进到终点，升到顶峰。 ——[德]阿·第斯多惠 附：备课素材 Part Two: Teaching Resources (第二部分：教学资源) 中国国家重点保护动物名录 国家一级保护动物 最凶猛的雕：金雕 1.金雕 Aquila chrysaetos 2.白鹳 Ciconia ciconia 3.黑麂 Muntyacus crinifrons 4.云豹 Neofelis nebulosa 5.华南虎 Panthera tigris 6.豹 Panthera pardusfusca 7.白颈长尾雉 Syrmaticus ellioti 8.黄腹角雉 Tragopan caboti 国家二级保护动物 鬣羚：真兽下纲，反刍亚目，有角下目，牛科 1.鬣羚 Capricornis sumatraensis 2.豺 Cuon alpinus 3.金猫 Felis temmincki 4.短尾猴 Macaca arctoides 5.猕猴 Macaca mulatta 6.穿山甲 Manis pentadactyla 7.黄喉貂 Martes flavigula 8.斑羚 Naemorhedus goral 9.大灵猫 Viverra zibetha 10.小灵猫 Viverricula indica 11.雀鹰 Accipiter nisus 12.赤腹鹰 Accipiter soloensis 13.苍鹰 Accipiter gentilis 239
14.鸳鸯 Aix galericulata 15.乌雕 Aquila clanga 16.白腹山雕 Aquila fasciata 17.短耳鸮 Asio flammeus 18.长耳鸮 Asio otus 19.雕鸮 Bubo bubo 20.灰脸鹰 Butastur indicus 21.大鵟 Buteo hemilasius 22.毛脚鵟 Buteo lagopus 23.普通鵟 Buteo buteo 24.红脚隼 Falco vespertinus 25.灰背隼 Falco columbarius 26.游隼 Falco peregrinus 27.燕隼 Falco subbuteo 28.红隼 Falco tinnunculus 29.领鸺鹠 Glaucidium brodiei 30.斑头鸺鹠 Glaucidium cuculoides 31.白鹇 Lophura nycthemera 32.小隼 Mrcrohierax caerulescens 33.鸢 Milvus migrans 34.鹰鸮 Ninox scutulata 35.小杓鹬 Numenius borealis 36.领角鸮 Otus bakkamoena 37.红角鸮 Otus scops 38.勺鸡 Pucrasia macrolopla 39.蛇雕 Spilornis cheela 40.鹰雕 Spizaetus nipalensis 41.褐林鸮 Strix leptogrammica 42.草鸮 Tyto capensis 43.大鲵 Andrias davidianus 44.虎纹蛙 Rana tigrina 45.拉步甲 Carabus lafossaei
（满分 100 分） 第I卷
Ⅰ. 单项选择(15 分) 1. It will be ___ wonderful world if all nations live in ___ peace with each other. A. a；a B. the；the C. a；the D. a ；/ 2 The album(唱片) _____twelve songs in all ,_____ five classics(经典歌曲). A. includes；including B. contains；included C. include；included D. contains；including 3. The car accident _____ the driver’s carelessness. A. resulted in B. resulted of C. resulted from D. result for 4. Getting ___ in the forest is very dangerous. A. losing B. lost C. to lost D. being lost 5. Wait till you are more _____. It’s better to be sure than sorry. A. inspired B. satisfied C. calm D. certain 6. I hear Tim once was ___ of losing his life, but now he is ___. A. in danger, out of danger B. in a danger, out of the danger C. in the danger, out of danger D. in the danger, out of the danger 7. When he was asked about the question where he was last night, he was ______. A. at loss B. in a loss C. at a loss D. with losses 8. I don’t think the change of timetable will _____ our plan much. A. effect B. affect C. be affected D. be effected 9. Her pale face suggests that she ____ in poor health and I strongly suggest that she ___ a doctor. A. is; sees B. be; see C. is; see D. be; should see 10. Fur coats are good means to ______ people from frost bites in cold winter. A. stop B. prevent C. protect D. keep 11. World Wildlife Fund ______very much the efforts that China has made to protect endangered species from being further endangered. A. enjoys B. prefers C. loves D. appreciates 12. Look! The foreign guests ____ around the factory by Mr. Zhang. A. is showing B. are being shown C. are being showing D. have been shown 241
13. It is believed that a new kind of drug ______ by the scientists and they are hopeful that they will succeed in a couple of months. A. has been developed B. is being developed C. is developing D. has developed 14. “We can’t go out in this weather,” said Bob, _____ out of the window. A. looking B. to look C. looked D. having looked 15. _____ he will return to his native land. A. It is long before that B. It is before long that C. It won’t be long before D. It will be long before that Ⅱ. 完形填空(20 分) We find different kinds of animals in the world. Some animals, such as tigers and lions 17 live in big forest and they are called 16 animals. Some others like sheep and dogs are by men and they are called domestic(驯养) animals. These animals are very different from one another, but we can 18 them into big groups: those that eat other animals and those that eat grass and leaves. Animals like the 19 belong to the first group. Animals like cows, elephants and horses belong to the second group. Animals are 20 great use to human beings. Men 21 wild animals for their fur and meat. Domestic animals are 22 more important to men. Without them, life will be 23 . People make use of animals in many 24 . Cows and pigs are useful to men’s 25 . They give 80% of the 26 men eat every year. Skin of some animals can be 27 into expensive overcoats and shoes, which are warm and comfortable and 28 a long time. They are very welcome in 29 countries. Wool, which is now one of the most important material for textile(纺织) 30 , comes from a special kind of 31 . From cows, we get milk. And we shouldn’t 32 that some domestic animals are kept for transport. Many people 33 ride horses. Arabs ride on camels which travel in deserts for days without 34 . In some places animals are still used to plough field. 35 is clear that men just can’t live without these animals. 16. A. wild B. serious C. terrible D. fighting 17. A. trapped B. treated C. sold D. kept 18. A. separate B. divide C. sell D. keep 19. A. chicken B. tiger C. fish D. goat 20. A. with B. to C. for D. of 21. A. hunt B. discover C. raise D. care for 22. A. quite B. every C. even D. some 23. A. smooth B. difficult C. easy D. perfect 24. A. ways B. groups C. places D. kinds 25. A. life B. work C. family D. food 26. A. meal B. meat C. dinner D. animals 27. A. put B. turned C. made D. changed 242
28. A. last 29. A. cool 30. A. business 31. A. sheep 32. A. forget 33. A. always 34. A. resting 35. A. That Ⅲ. 阅读理解(30 分) B. cost B. cold B. workers B. dogs B. remember B. hardly B. drinking B. This C. take C. warm C. industry C. cows C. realize C. still C. sleeping C. It D. dress D. foreign D. factory D. pigs D. notice D. just D. stopping D. So
A People realize that, although animals may not have the same intelligence（智力）as human beings, they are smart enough to learn certain things. Dogs are extremely useful as companions for blind people. When a dog has been properly trained, he will always lead his blind master in the right direction and keep him out of danger. For example, seeing-eye dogs learn never to cross a busy road when cars are coming, even if their master ordered them to do so. Horses are also able to learn many things. Horses that are used for guard or police duty must learn never to be frightened of noises, traffic, and other disturbances. Racing horses are able to run much faster than other horses, but they are also quite high strung（易紧张）. Therefore, it is necessary for those people who train them to be very patient(耐心) and understanding. The moving pictures and television can use trained animals too. Some animals, such as monkeys and foxes, are easy to film. All you have to do is make a trail in front of the camera by dragging something that smells good to the animals over the ground. Big animals, such as lions and tigers, can be photographed as they bound happily back to their families and dinner. If a movie actor is nearby, the well-trained animal will pay no attention to him. However, the audience may imagine that the actor escaped a terrible death by the skin of his teeth. . 36. Dogs who help blind people must learn A. to obey all orders B. to obey only safe orders C. never to cross roads D. to cross road when ordered to do so . 37. Race horses are hard to train because they are A. faster than other horses B. smaller than other horses C. clever than other horse D. more nervous than other horses 38. What does “make a trail” mean here in the last paragraph? A. place something to attract the animal B. give the animal a certain task C. order the animal to do things D. follow the animal to hunt . 39. Lions can be photographed easily when A. they are following a trial of something that smells good to them B. they are returning to their families 243
C. they have been trained to work with other animals D. they do not know a movie-actor is nearby B Why don’t birds get lost on their long migratory (迁居的) flights? Scientists have puzzled over this question for many years. Now they’re beginning to fill in the blanks. Not long ago, experiments showed that birds rely on the sun to guide them during daylight hours. But what about birds that fly mainly by night? Tests with artificial (人造的) stars have proved conclusively that certain night-flying birds are able to follow the stars in their long-distance flights. One such bird—a warbler(鸣禽) —had spent its lifetime in a cage and had never flown under a natural sky. Yet it showed an inborn ability to use the stars for guidance. The bird’s cage was placed under an artificial star-filled sky at migration time. The bird tried to fly in the same direction as that taken by his outdoor cousins. Any change in the direction of the make-be-live stars caused a change in the direction of his flight. Scientists think that warblers, when flying in daylight, use the sun for guidance. But the stars are apparently their principal means of navigation (导航). What do they do when the stars are hidden by clouds? Apparently, they find their way by such landmarks as mountain ranges, coast lines, and river courses. But when it’s too dark to see these, the warblers circle helplessly, unable to get their direction. . 40. The reasons why birds don’t get lost on migratory flights A. have been known to scientists for many years B. have only recently been discovered C. are known by everyone D. will probably remain a mystery . 41. Warblers migrate A. from North America to South America B. only once during their lifetime C. using what is apparently an inborn navigational ability D. when they are freed from their cages . 42. When the stars are hidden by clouds, warblers find their way by A. an artificial star B. their inborn ability C. some landmarks D. wind . 43. This article is a good example of the way scientists A. jump to conclusions B. discover workable（可行的） answers to general questions by studying particular cases C. find a law and then investigate（调查） D. are disappointed by the habits of animals