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Reading book 7 Unit3 Old Tom


Unit 3 Under the sea
Reading

Whaling, the hunting and killing of whales for oil and other byproducts, was practiced as an organized industry as early as 875 AD. By the 16th century, it had risen to be the principle industry in the coastal regions of Spain and France.

Different kinds of whales
Baby Blue Whale Gray Whale Killer Whale Minke Right Whale

Sperm Whale

White Whale

What is a whaler?
It can be: a person who hunts whales; a ship used for hunting whales.

There are many animals that help out humans in hunting, such as dogs and cormorants (鸬鹚).

Look at the picture on Page 19 and think about the questions.
1.How many different kinds of animals can you see? What are they? 2. What are the men trying to do? 3. What are the black whales doing? 4. When do you think this event is taking place? (Which century?) 5. How do you think you would feel if you were one of the men in the boat? Why?

Fast - Reading
Who is Old Tom? What is the first anecdote about? And how about the second one? Old Tom is the name of a killer whale. The first anecdote describes a hunting experience about how the killer whales helped the whalers to hunt a whale. The second one tells about how a killer whale protected and saved James, a whaler.

Careful - Reading
Read and choose the best answer.
B 1.The text is mainly about ____. A. the killer whales are easily trained B. the killer whales can help the whalers catch the huge whales C. the killer whales kill the whales for their food D. the killer whales drag the whales under the water

2. Old Tom throws itself out of the water and A then crashes down in order to ___. A. give the whalers the information about a whale B. tell the whalers it is hungry C. help the whalers catch the whale D. inform the whalers to run away

D killed the whale at last. 3. _____ A. Old Tom B. The killer whales C. The author D. The whalers

4. Why did the whalers start turning the boat around to go home after the whale died? C
A. Because they didn’t need a dead whale. B. Because they couldn’t find the whale’s body. C. Because they knew that the dead whale wouldn’t float up to the surface for around 24 hours. D. They had to do this because it was too late.

5. The killer whale protected James by _____. C A. fighting the shark B. killing the shark C. preventing the shark going closer D. dragging him back

A 6. We can infer from the story that ____. A. The killer whales may be trained by the whalers. B. The killer whales want to help man catch the whales themselves C. The killer whales need no training for helping the whalers D. The killer whales want to eat the whales after killing them

Fill in the blanks according to the text.
Clancy was 16 years of age when he went 1._______ to work at the whaling station. George ordered Clancy to go to the boat as 2. ________ there was a whale out there in the bay. Old Tom was swimming by the boat, showing 3. ________ the whalers the way. 4. _______ told Clancy that they would return the Jack next day to bring in the body of the whale. 5. ______ James was carried by the waves further away from the whalers. 6. ______ Red knew that Old Tom would protect James.

Post - Reading
1. Put the events in the reading passage into this timeline. Write a sentence in each of the boxes. Three sentences have been given.

1. Clancy arrived at the haling station.

2. He heard a lot noise coming from the bay.

3. He saw a huge animal in the water, which was Old Tom, the killer whale.

4. The men went to the boat and headed out for a whale hunt.

5. The killer whale guided the team to the hunt.

6. Clancy and his men killed the baleen whale with the help of the killers.

7. The killers ate the lips and tongue of the baleen whale.

8. The men returned for the baleen whale the next day.

Answer the questions.
1. What evidence was there that Old Tom was helping the whalers out? 2. What other animals did the author compare the killer whales with? Why do you think the killer whales behaved like this? 3. Why did George think that the killer whales worked as a team? 4. Why did the whalers allow the killer whales to drag the whale away? 5. How did Old Tom help James? Why do you think he did this?

1. What evidence was there that Old Tom was helping the whalers out? Old Tom let the whalers know that there was a baleen whale nearby; he showed then the way to the whale. 2. What other animals did the author compare the killer whales with? Why do you think the killer whales behaved like this? Dogs. Because they knew that together with the whalers, they would soon kill the baleen whale and get a good feed.

3. Why did George think that the killer
whales worked as a team?
Because he could see that some of the killers were throwing themselves on top of the whale’s blow hole while others were preventing it from swimming out to sea.

4. Why did the whalers allow the killer whales to drag the whale away? Because they knew the Killer Whales would leave the rest of the body to them.
5. How did Old Tom help James? Why do you think he did this? Old Tom prevented James from drowning. Old Tom wanted to help his human friends.

Some expressions
1. … I was sorting out my accommodation … This is an idiom for “finding suitable accommodation”.

2. … didn’t like being kept waiting … This means that he did not like to wait for someone else. 3. … the harpoon hit the spot … This means that the harpoon hit the place the man was aiming for.

Group work
In groups, describe the relationship between Old Tom and the whalers. What other animals help humans out in hunting?
Old Tom had a strong relationship with the whalers. There was obviously a great deal of understanding and cooperation between them.

Discussion
The last whaling station in Australia closed in 1978. Whales are now an endangered species and in need of conservation. They are now protected by an international ban on whaling. However, some countries oppose the ban. In groups, discuss the reasons for and against banning whaling.

Homework

Write a summary of the whole text in about 30 words.


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