Inventors and inventions
Warming Up& Reading
Do you know any inventors and
Why are they famous? Issac Newton discovered gravity
Why are they famous?
Lightning is electricity
Thomas Edison invented the electric bulb.
Why are they famous?
Why are they famous?
Difference between discovery and invention
finding out something A discovery is_____________ existing but not yet known ________________________ creating something An invention is___________ not existing before. ___________________
Please tell whether the following are discoveries or inventions.
a discovery. It’s ___________
Mar.15 , 1493
the New Continent
an invention. It’s ________
An amphibious car 水陆两用汽车
an invention. It’s ________
a discovery. It’s ________
connection between discovery and invention
electricity the movement of air the circulation of the blood X-rays
Inventions electrical light, computers, telephones, television, etc
airplane, air balloons, etc machines to help people with serious disease machines to treat illnesses (like cancer)
discovery and invention？
Discoveries often lead to inventions.
Inventions are often based on discoveries.
stages every inventor must go through
Applying for a patent Testing solution Finding a problem Thinking of a creative solutio Doing research Deciding on the invention
1.___________________________ 2.___________________________ 3.___________________________ 4.___________________________ 5.___________________________ 6.___________________________
Patent office (专利局) plays the role of deciding what is an invention and what is not. And only inventions can get patens and so be recognized and protected.
Look at the pictures, what inventions can you think of?
Reading The problem of the snakes
What is the text about?
snake The text is about the problem of the________
procedures of catching them and presents the ____________________________ a patent and applying for __________.
Part I (Para 1):
the discovery of the problem of the snakes.
Part II the research on the approaches (Paras 2-3): to solve the problem. Part III (Paras4-6): the attempts to catch the snakes. Part IV (Paras7, 8):
the requirements of getting a patent.
1.The purpose of the text is __________. A.to show us how to trap the snakes but not to kill them B. to tell people how to apply for a patent of the writer’s new idea C. to introduce the writer’s new idea of trapping the snakes and her application for a patent D. to tell the readers how to get a new idea and make it a patent
Reading –III (7m)
Scanning: Find out which paragraph or paragraphs deal with each inventing process in the passage and find the examples:
paragraph Stages Find a 1 problem Do research 2
Think of a creative solution
Examples in this story ______ snakes but not Catch _____ harm them. Look forapproaches ________ of trap; research the habits of snakes ______ three Decide on _______ possible approaches: choose___________. The last one
Test the Try_____ three times to make solution it work successfully. several times Seize ____the opportunity ________ for Deciding on to getrecognition the idea. the invention Apply for a patent Fill in the form ______ and filed patent application Patent Office with the____________________
1.How did the writer catch the snakes? A. use something the snakes were
interested to attract them into a trap. B. take their habitat to another place. C. place the snakes at a low temperature for them to sleep and then catch them.
D. All the above.
2.The writer was successful to catch the snakes C attempt. in ________ A. the First B. the second C. the third D. every
3.Why did cooling the snakes make them less active? ( C ) A. Because snakes are warm-blooded animals. B. Because snakes like high temperature. C. Because snakes are reptiles and their body temperature depends on the heat around them.
4.Which statement is the TRUE according to the text? A. The snakes were so sleepy in the second attempt that they couldn’t bite the writer at all. B. Your product must be different from everybody else’s if you want to receive a patent. C. The writer decided to send her invention to the patent office the moment she succeeded in catching the snakes. D. If an application for your product proves to be valid, you can get a patent immediately.
5.According to the text, which subject do
you think can be given a patent?
A. A new star discovered by a scientist. B. A new novel written by Yao Ming. C. A new way to make dirty water clean. D. A new kind of grass found in a mountain which can be used as a medicine.
Reading – IV (5m)
Detailed reading: Answer the following questions:
1.What was the mother upset about?
2.Why was the writer happy to help her mother?
3.What are the three creative steps that the writer takes to catch the snakes without hurting them?
4.Why did cooling make the snakes less active?+
1. What was the mother upset about? The mother was upset because a family of snakes had made their home near the house. 2. Why was the writer happy to help her mother? The writer was happy because it gave her an opportunity to help her mother and invent something to catch the snakes without hurting them at the same time.
3.What are the three creative steps that the writer takes to catch the snakes without hurting them? Step 1: She bought a stainless steel ice cream maker and froze the bowl. She added ice cubes to the top of the bowl to keep it cold. She placed it over the snakes’ habitat during the day so that the snakes would become sleepy and could be easily caught. Step 2: As above she did the same but placed the bowls over the snakes’ habitat in the evening. Step 3: As above but added a net to catch the snakes.
4. Why did cooling make the snakes less active? Snakes do not have a way of keeping warm in their bodies. They get warmth from the sun and become more active at this time. When the sun goes down at night they cool down and become less active. So extra cooling to the snake would make them even less active and easier to catch.
What might be the advantages of getting a patent?
1)You are able to prove that you were the first person to make the invention. 2)You are recognized as a real inventor. 3)You can make money if you sell your invention to others.
What should we learn from this text?
We can learn from the text the way of doing scientific researches and how to apply for a patent. We can also learn that it takes an inventor great determination and persistence to achieve his or her ambition and persistence to achieve his or her ambition in life.
Thinking What good qualities should an inventor have?
creative curious patient imaginative hard-working adventurous challengeable …
Apply what we learn: In pairs look at the following problems. Choose one and use the scientific stages to design a new invention to solve it. Remember to include one change to your invention in case it doesn’t work the first time. (This can be done after class.)
Problem 1: the ripe apples on your apple tree are too high for you to reach them. What can you invent to pick your apples in comfort? Problem 2: You need to make a house but you only have fishing nets and many plastic bottles. How can you solve it? Problem 3: You want to catch fish but not hurt them when you do so. Design a fishing rod that will solve this problem.
1.Go over the whole passage. 2.Recite the key sentences in the text.
3.Prepare for Learning about Language in the textbook.