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【师说】2017届高考英语一轮复习 Module 3 Literature课件 外研版选修7


联想词语 单词联想 1.escape v.逃跑 2.attain v.获得,达到 3.concern n.关心,担心 4.accumulate v.积累 5.accomplish v.完成(任务等),取得(成功) 6.cruel adj.冷酷的 7.feed v.喂养;为??提供食品

8.eager adj.殷切的;渴望的 9.appetite n.胃口;食欲 10.whisper v.低声地说;耳语 11.intend v.打算→intention n.意图 12.distribute v.分发;分配,分送→distribution n.分配;分 发 13.scene n.场景;场面→scenery n.风景;景色 14.serve v.端上(饭菜等);服务→service n.服务→servant n.仆人;佣人 15.desperate adj.绝望的→desperation n.绝望

短语熟记 1.stare at 盯着??看 2.for one's age 对于某人的年龄而言 3.be used to 习惯于 4.pick out 挑出来 5.put up 张贴 6.in astonishment 惊讶地,吃惊地 7.in a...voice 用??声音(说),??声地 8.no sooner...than... 刚一??就 9.a huge amount of 大量的 10.bring sth. to the attention of sb. 使某人关注某事

句式重温 1.Never_have I heard anything like it! 我还从来没有听过这样的事情呢! 2.However, it brought_children's_poverty_to_the_attention_of_the_public,_and for this reason alone it is a very important novel. 但尽管如此,这部小说使儿童贫困问题得到关注,就这一点而 言它已是很重要的一部小说。 3.When they had cleaned their bowls in this way, they would sit staring_at_the_pot with eager eyes, as_if_they_wanted_to_eat_it. 他们这样把碗刮干净后,就坐在那儿,眼巴巴地瞅着汤锅,似 乎要把它吞进肚子。

4.Not_until_at_least_thirty_seconds_had_passed,_was_the_man able to speak. 至少过了三十秒钟,他才说出话来。 5.No_sooner had the boy spoken these words than the warden hit him on the head with the soupspoon. 男孩的话刚出口,大师傅就操起汤勺狠狠地敲他的脑袋。

突破重点 第一版块:融会单词 1.eager adj.渴望的;热切的 The boy was eager for success. 那个男孩渴望获得成功。 be eager for/about/after sth.渴望得到?? be eager to do sth.渴望(热切)干某事 eagerly adv.殷切地;渴望地 eagerness n.渴望;热心

近义词及相关短语有: anxious焦急的;不安的;急切的 be anxious for sth.急切的想得到某事物 long for渴望 be greedy for渴望 look forward to期盼某物 enthusiastic热情的;热心的 keen热心的;渴望的 The boy is anxious for the toy. 那孩子急切想得到那个玩具。 He is keen to see his daughter. 他急于见到他的女儿。

【易混辨析】 anxious与eager eager表示浓厚的兴趣和迫不及待的期望;侧重于急于成功的迫 切心情或进取的热情。 anxious强调因忧虑、关注或害怕而产生的急切,着急或担心的 心情。 He is eager for his parents to meet his girlfriend. 他盼望他的父母去见他的女朋友。 There is no reason to be anxious about the result. 不必为这结果而担心。 People all over the world were anxious to have peace. 全世界人民都渴望和平。

[ 即境活用] 语法填空 (1)The manager is________ eager (eagerly) that the project should be started early. (2)The students studied hard.They were ________ (eagerly) for eager knowledge.

2.escape v.逃跑,逃脱;漏出 n.逃跑,逃脱 归纳拓展? escape from...?从???逃走,逃出? escape+n./doing 逃脱??;逃过??? sth.escapes sb.某物被某人遗忘,未被注意? have a narrow escape 九死一生;幸免于难

A small hole allowed smoke to escape from the top. 一个小洞让烟从顶部冒出。 He was lucky enough to escape punishment/being punished. 他非常幸运,免于受罚。 I've met him before, but his name escapes me. 我以前见过他,但想不起他的名字了。

特别提示? escape后接v.ing形式作宾语时,若句子的主语与v.ing形式所表 示的行为之间是主谓关系,v.ing形式用主动式,若是动宾关 系,则用v.ing形式的被动式being done。如:? He escaped doing his homework yesterday.? 昨天他逃脱做作业了。? The thief escaped being caught.? 那个贼没有被抓住。

[ 即境活用] 完成句子 (1)He ____________ escaped death by inches when the wall collapsed. 墙塌下来,差点把他砸死。 made his escape (2)The thief ____________________. 小偷逃走了。 escaping from prisons. (3)Not all of them were successful in _____________ 他们不是都能从监狱成功越狱。

3.intend v.意欲;打算;想要;计划 I had intended to do it, but I'm afraid I forgot. 我本打算去做的,但很遗憾,我忘记了。 It was meant to be a surprise. I didn't intend you to see it so soon. 这本来是要成为一个意外的惊喜,我本没有想让你那么早看到 的。 These books are intended for young children. 这是专供幼儿阅读的书。 They intend that the plan should be put into practice within the year. 他们打算在本年内实行该计划。

[ 即境活用] 语法填空 The food and clothes, ________ (intend) to send to those who lost their homes in the floods, are kept in the store.
答案 intend

4.serve v.服务,服役;端上(饭菜等);供职;供应

Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10, so not only is it affordable but practical as well. 大部分饭够两个人吃,且在10美元以下,因此顾客能承担得起 而且也很实惠。 The old couch had to serve as a guest bed. 这张旧的长沙发只好用作客人的床了。 They served a wonderful meal to more than fifty guests. 他们招待五十多位客人吃了一餐美味佳肴。 If you need anything, I am at your service. 您要是需要什么,请尽管吩咐。

特别提示? serve意为“服务,供应,上?饭菜等?”时,是及物动词,而意 为“服役,供职”时是不及物动词。如:? Serve the tea hot.? 上热茶。? He serves in a bookstore in the evening.?他晚 上在一家书店上班。

[ 即境活用] 翻译句子 (1)她已经为这个家忠心耿耿地操劳了30年。 (2)他为孩子们拿来他们想要的糖果。 (3)这个城镇煤气供应得很好。

答案 (1)She has served the family faithfully for thirty years. (2)He served some sweets to the children. (3)We are well served with gas in this town.

5.reward n.报酬;资金 vt.酬劳;奖赏 She deserves a reward for her efforts. 她积极努力,应得到奖赏。 They rewarded the winners with gifts of flowers. 他们奖给优胜者鲜花。

【易混辨析】 reward与award reward用作名词时,意为“奖励;报酬;悬赏金”;用作动词 时,意为“奖励;奖赏;给以报酬”。 award用作名词时,意为“奖品;奖金;奖状”;用作动词时, 意为“授予;判给;颁发”。

He got a reward for helping them. 他因帮助他们而拿到一笔酬金。 They promised to reward her if she would take part. 他们许诺说她要是参加就一定给她报酬。 The award for this year's best actress went to Meryl Streep. 本年度最佳女演员的得奖者是梅里尔· 斯特里普。 She has been awarded a scholarship to study at Harvard. 她获得了去哈佛大学读书的奖学金。

[ 即境活用] 选词填空(prize/award/reward) (1)His movie won several __________ at the film festival, which awards was beyond his wildest dream. prize (2)My sister won the first __________ for her singing. reward of $5,000 to whoever can (3)The mayor has offered a ________ capture the tiger alive or dead.

6.intend vt.意欲,打算;计划 intend sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事 intend to do sth.?doing sth. 打算做某事 intend sb./sth. for 打算使??成为;想让??从事某事 be intended to do sth./for sth./ sb. 是用来??;给??准备的 intend that...打算,想?? had intended to do sth.(=intended to have done sth.)过去本打算 做??
? ? ? ? ?

by intention 故意 Even if the other person did not intend a message for you, you gather observations and draw specific conclusions. 即使其他人不打算给你消息,你应进行观察并得出特别的结 论。 It was meant to be a surprise; I didn't intend you to see it so soon. 这本来是一件意外的惊喜,我不想让你那么早就看到的。 The chair was intended for you, but she took it away. 那椅子原来是给你准备的,可是给她拿走了。 More and more Chinese companies intend to invest in Canada. 越来越多的中国人打算在加拿大投资。

[ 即境活用] 完成句子 intended his daughter to manage the company. (1)He ____________________________ 他打算让他的女儿经营公司。 句型转换 (2)I intended to have caught the early train, but I didn't. had intended →I __________________ to catch the early train, but I didn't. 我本打算赶早班的火车,但没赶上。

第二版块:贯通短语 1.a huge amount of 大量的 He got a huge amount of help from his friends. 他从朋友那里得到很多帮助。 There is a great deal of traffic on the road. 路上车辆很多。 A large number of mistakes were made in the composition. 作文中出现了许多错误。 The number of the students in my class is 50. 我班有 50 位同学。

【易混辨析】 英语中有些表示“许多,大量”的短语,后接可数名词与不可 数名词情况不同,归纳如下:

[ 即境活用] 语法填空 He said that a large number of people ________ (be) present at the meeting. In fact the number of the people present ________ (be) only 10.
答案 were; was

2.in astonishment惊讶地 I looked round in astonishment.我惊愕地环视四周。 She stared at him in astonishment. 她吃惊地看着他。 (1)in+n.作方式状语,其含义相当于这一名词的副词形式。 如:in silence(默默地), in secret(秘密地), in comfort(舒适地),in peace(安静地), in public(公开地),in shame(害羞地),in detail(详 细地), in fun(开玩笑地), in joke(开玩笑地)等。

(2)astonish v.使吃惊,惊讶 astonishing 令人惊讶的 astonished 感到吃惊的 be astonished at/by被??惊吓;对??吃惊 be astonished to do sth. 做某事感到惊讶 (3)to one's astonishment 令某人吃惊的是

[ 即境活用] 翻译句子 (1)使我们惊讶的是,他们准时到了。 (2)店老板吃惊地瞧他,接着便放声大笑。

答案 (1)To our astonishment, they arrived on time. (2)The shopkeeper looked at him in astonishment and then he began laughing.

第三版块:突破句式 1.No sooner had the boy spoken these words than the warden hit him on the head with the soupspoon. 孩子的话刚出口,大师傅就操起汤勺狠狠地敲他的脑袋。 (1)no sooner...than...表示“一??就??”,该句式为时间从属 连词,引导时间状语从句,主句通常用过去完成时,从句通常 用一般过去时。无论在主句还是从句中一般都不能用一般现在 时和一般将来时。如: He had no sooner arrived home than he was asked to start on another journey. 他刚到家就被告知要开始另外一次旅程了。

(2)no sooner位于句首时,主句要采用部分倒装结构,而than引 导的从句不倒装。如: No sooner had he arrived than he went away again. 他刚到就又走了。 (3)用法与意思相似的还有:hardly/scarcely...when...一?? 就??。如: He had hardly/scarcely escaped when he was recaptured. 他刚要逃走就又被逮住了。 Hardly had he arrived when she started complaining. 他刚到,她就开始抱怨起来。

(4)英语中常见的表示“一??就??”的句式还有: ①as soon as...如: He will go to see you as soon as he gets here. 他一到这里就会去看你。 ②the moment/the minute/the instant/the second...这些名词短语在 这个结构中都充当连词,引导时间状语从句。如: He said he'd phone you the moment he got home. 他说他一回家就给你打电话。 I sent you the news the instant I heard it. 我一听到消息就通知你了。

③immediately/instantly/directly...该结构中这三个词都不是副 词,而是连词,引导时间状语从句。如: He recognized her instantly he caught a glimpse of her. 他一看见她就把她认出来了。 I came immediately I heard the news. 我一听到这个消息马上就来了。

④on/upon+名词/动名词??/at+名词,如: at the sight/thought of...一看到/一想到?? At the news, they ran away as fast as they could. 他们一听到消息,就尽快跑开了。 On/Upon arriving home, I discovered he had gone. 我一到家就发现他已经离开了。

[ 即境活用] 句型转换 No sooner had the boy spoken these words than the warden hit him on the head with the soup spoon. Hardly had the boy spoken these words ________ →________ when the warden him on the head with the soup spoon. no sooner spoken these words ________ than the warden →The boy had ________ hit him on the head with the soup spoon.

2.The room in which the boys were fed was a large stone hall, with a large pot at one end. 孩子们进餐的场所是一间宽敞的大石厅,一口大锅放在大厅一 侧。 句子中含有with+宾语+宾补(介词短语)结构作状语,介词短语 作宾补表示宾语所处的状态。 with+名词/介词+介词短语/形容词/副词/不定式/分词构成复合 结构,在句中一般作状语(有时可作定语),表示谓语动词发生 的伴随情况、时间、原因、方式和条件等。

When he is eating, he doesn't speak with his mouth full of food. 他吃饭时,他从不满嘴是饭地说话。 With the breakfast over, the boy hurried to school. 吃完早饭后,那个小男孩急忙去学校了。 He lay there with his eyes looking at the sky. 他躺在那里,眼睛凝视着天空。 With five minutes to go before the last train left, we arrived at the station. 我们到达车站时,还有五分钟最后一班火车就要离开。

[ 即境活用] 语法填空 The students are listening to the teacher with their eyes ________ (fix) on the blackboard.
答案 fixed


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