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外研版 必修一 1-5 单词讲解


必修 1 第 5 模块 单词讲练
1. liquid n.液体 Water is _______. ______气体; ______ 固体 2. expand vi. 膨胀;扩张 When you heat a metal, it _______. ~ one’s business 3. contract vi 收缩 n. [C] 合同 Metals _______ in cold weather. 金属在寒冷的天气里收缩。 sign a contract 签合同 4. substance n. 物质 chemical _________ 化学物质 5. mixture n.混合物 Air is a ______ of gases. 6. oxygen n. 氧气 _______ mask 氧气罩 7. electricity n. 电 make ________ 发电 8. stage n.阶段;时期 at an early ______ 处于初级阶段 set the stage for 为…作好准备; 为...创造条件 They have set the stage for war.他们已作好战争的准备。 9. conclusion n. 结论 come to a __________ 得出结论 10. aim n. 目标;目的 Living without a ____ is like sailing without a compass. 11. reaction n. 反应 a chemical ______ 化学反应 12. electrical adj 与电有关的 (主要表示与电有关的或研究电气科学的等) electric adj 电的,用电的,带电(主要表示由电操纵的、发电的或用于导电的等) electric fan/lamp /灯 electrical work 与电有关的工作 an __________ engineer 电气工程师 13. equipment n. 设备;装备 electrical __________ 电气设备 14. react vi 有反应, 起作用 react to 对…作出反应; 起反应; Eyes ______ to light 眼睛对光会起反应。

react on _________ 相互作用 15. partial 部分的;局部的 partial loss 部分损失 ________ success 局部成功 16. rust vi 生锈 Iron _____ easily. 铁容易生锈 17. boil vt 煮 ____ an egg; 煮一个鸡蛋; Water boils at 100℃ ___________ 18. ordinary adj. 普通的;平常的;差劲的 ________ dress 平常服装;ordinary _______普通人 19. steam n. 蒸汽; 水汽 ______ has fogged the bathroom mirror. 水蒸汽把浴室的镜子遮住 20. float vi &vi (使)漂浮[飘动] Wood ____ on water; 木头漂在水上 float a ship 使轮船下水 White clouds float _____ the blue sky. 蓝蓝的天上漂浮着朵朵白云。 21. form 形成;组成 A plan began to _____ in his head. form a _____ 成立一个俱乐部 22. dissolve vi 溶解;分离;分解 Water ______ salt/Salt dissolves in water 盐溶于水 23. balance n. 平衡,均衡 body _______ 身体平衡 I lost my balance and ____. 我身体失去平衡,摔了一跤。 24. flame n. 火焰 a _____ anger 怒火 25. facility n. (常作复数)设备,工具 cooking facilities 烧煮设备; sports ________体育设备 26. lecture n. 演讲 give a ______; 讲课;演讲; attend a lecture 听报告;上课 27. department n.(大学的)科、系 History D________ 历史系 It isn’t my section 那不是我的______. 28. astonished adj. 吃惊的;惊愕的 be astonished at 对…感到惊讶 I was ________ at the news of his escape. 听到他逃之夭夭的消息,我感到惊讶。

必修 1 Module 5 单元测试
一、高频单词点击 1.Don’t leave the lights on—it wastes e_______. 2.Our holiday was only a p______ success. 3.The city is a m_____ 5.We were a_______ 6.We came to the 7.What was her 8.The complete 9.One of the 10.Metals 二、重点短语回顾 1.react 3. 5. keep … 7. be proud 1. 三、热点句型熟记 think of a world without metals. with the metals that react at the top ,and the metals 与…发生(化学 )反应 the bottom/top of 在… 底部/顶部 防止…进入;不让…靠近 为…感到自豪;骄傲 2.put,,, 4.add… 6. go 8.be supposed 使…整齐;使有…条理 … 把… 加到… 先走;发生;开始做; 应该;理应 of old and new buildings. in different forms. that he appeared at the party. (结论)that the room must have been empty. (反应)to the news? (设备)of the new library will take another year. (设施)our students have is a large library. (收缩) when cooled. 4.Water and ice are the same a____

3. He insisted that whoever works the naughty. 五、单项选择

(hard)will get the most money. (clever)than

4. Someone else thinks him naughty, but in my opinion, he is

1. I don’t _____ him personally, though I ____ him. A. know; know of C. know about; know 2. Does life ____ on Mars? A. appear B. exist C. seem A. Two fifth; is C. Two fifths; is A. There B This D. come 3. _____ of the land in that district ______ covered with trees and grass. B. Two fifth; are D. Two fifths; are C. That D. It B. know; know D. know about; know of

4.__ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. 5. Have you ____ why he was late? A. found B. found out A. ordinary B. normal C. discovered D. invented C. common D. usual D. to pay 6. A person’s _____ body temperature is about 37℃ . 7. Cleaning woman in big cities usually get ___ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid in the city. A. used to; live so we should B. got used to; living you’ll see. 你越靠近,看的就越多。 the highest scientific prize there is, C. used to; living D. was used to; live 9. It is reported that the United States uses _____ energy as the whole of Europe. A. as twice C. twice much as (bad), it began to snow. (healthy) you A. Are B. am B. twice much D. twice as much C. is D. has 8. My granny ___ live in the country by herself; but now she used to____ together with us

很难想象一个没有金属的世界。
2 that react least at the bottom.

这儿有一个表格,反应最强的金属在最上面,反应最弱的在最下面。
3. 4.The Nobel you are, Prize is

that.诺贝尔奖是科学方面最高奖,因此我们应该为此感到非常自豪。 四、常用语法必备 1.We missed the train. To make things are ,the (wealthy)you are!

10. _____ either you or I mad?

2.Everybody, come on! Join us and keep fit! Our slogan is that the


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