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新编英语语法教程(第五版)习题答案 章振邦


《新编英语语法教程》答案 新编英语语法教程 第 01 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 1A 1. A. his home work B. quickly, to play 2. A. The huge black horse B. the race 3. A. have thought about B. going into space 4. A. warms up and crawls B. out of the bag 5. A. one of the most beautiful planets to look at through a telescope B. because of the many rings that surround it 6. A. 165 years B. to complete its path, or orbit,around the sun 7. A. you and your brother B. How many pairs of shorts 8. A. the most expensive meal listed on the menu B. What 9. A. an ―Outdoor Code‖ B. their members 10. A. can blow B. as fast as 180 miles (290 kilometers) an hour 11. A. The spiral of heated air and moist air B. to twist and grow and spin 12. A. The direction a hurricane‘s spiral moves B. counterclockwise 13. A. does not shine B. At the north pole: for half of the year 14. A. The cold winds that blow off of the Arctic Ocean B. a very cold place 15. A. might have been B. guilty of murder Ex. 1B 1. SVC Within the stricken area, not a single soul remained alive, and the city centre looked as if it had been razed by monster steam-roller. 2. SV The bomb exploded 1,000 ft. above the groun. 3. SVO On August 6, 1945, an American aircraft dropped a bomb on the Janpanese town of Hiroshima. 4. SvoO Three days later, yet another bomb of the same kind gave the town of Nagasaki the same fatal blow. 5. SVOC The explosion made one and a half square miles of the city an expense of reddish rubble. 6. SVA Within the fraction of a second, the bomb changed from a metal cylinder into an immense mass of enpanding gas, millions of degrees hot. 7. SVOA A tremendous blast of hot air whirled the debris of stone, cencrete, metal, and wood over the ground. Ex. 1C 1. Walden Pond, once praised by Thoreau for its natural beauty, is now the site of many tourist stands. 2. Almost every summer night the cooling northeast wind swept through our bedroom windows, marking air conditioning unnecessary and a light blanket welcome. / Swepping through our bedroom windows almost every summer night, the cooling northeast wind made… 3. The steep surrounding slopes were capped with snow, which fed two streams plunging down to join in the valley below. 4. With the river on one side and a large tree providing shade, this is a good spot for a picnic, and we can spread our blanket on the grassy knoll. 5. Panting for breath after running up the stairs, Mr wood stood at his neighbour‘s door and knocked again and again till someone opened it. 6. The town folk envied horace, who had come into a small fortune with which he bought a big house and obtained a partnership in the biggest grocery in town. 7. Standing in front of the mirror, Jim looked at his image, wondering at the big change that had come over him in recent years.

8. The idea that his only daughter whom he had greatly wronged might never forgive him almost drove hime mad. 9. The story, written in plain language, consists of three parts with an interesting plot centering round an aristocratic family living in 17th century France. 10. Mud-covered and shivering, John sat hunched over a bowl of hot broth prepared by his father to drive off the chill. 11. Far above the waters of a beautiful lake and over the tops of the tall pime trees growing on the steep of a hill stand five Chinese-style pavilions. 12. Farther down the street, the old man stopped and leaned against a lamp-post, listening to a cheerful song coming out of a restaurant on the oppsite side of the street. 13. Sarah sank in the nearest chair, completely exhausted, her limbs stiff with cold, her mind a piece of blank. 14. Throughout the day Mrs Rymer behaved very properly, her pleasant, refined face wearing a grave look, her elegant figure wrapped in deep mourning while occasionally she uttered a sigh or a sob. 15. Tony thought it necessary to break the news to his family, that Mr Jacob, his former employer, had promised him a half-day job at 20 pounds a week. 16. The thought that he might have wronged his friend who had rendered him good services on many occasions troubled his mind, already overburdened with worries and cares. 17. The men of the disbanded royal bodyguard, suddenly turned loose onto the street of a capital seething with unrest, unemployed and perhaps disgruntled at their abrupt dismissal, were a potentially dangerous element. 18. For many years London has been a business centre with hotel accommadation for visiting businessmen toghter with well-to-do travellers but completely inadequate for the swarms of shour-stay tourists landing at Heathrow or disembarking at Dover. 19. Nearing the top, he climbed recklessly faser and faster, his eyes already glowing with triumph, but suddenly he slipped and fell, tumbling to the ground and lying motionless there, a crumpled pile of arms and legs. 20. Bertrand Russell was one of the very few persons who have received both the Order of Merit, which was conferred on him by the British government in 1949, and the Nobel Prize for literature, conferred in Norway in 1950. 新编英语语法教程 第 02 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 2A 1. come 2. are 3. has / have 4. are 5. are 6. are 7. was / were 8. is 9. costs 10. were 11. are 12. are 13. was 14. are 15. lie 16. were 17. are 18. is 19. is 20. was 21. Has 22. were 23. is 24. is 25. are 26. is 27. are 28. cover, are 29. is / are 30. was/were Ex. 2B 1. were 2. have 3. is, is 4. was 5. were 6. is 7. is 8. are 9. is 10. are, are 11. have 12. are, their, their 13. was, It, was 14, It / They, is / are 15. are, their, they, disapprove 16. were, they 17. was 18. are 19. were 20. were 新编英语语法教程 第 03 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 3A 1. is 2. was 3. is 4. has 5. were 6. means 7. is 8. is 9. is 10. is 11. were 12. sells 13. is 14. are 15. are 16. are 17. is 18. is 19. was 20.provides 21. are 22. was 23. stops 24. is 25. is 26. does 27. produces 28. is 29. is 30. was Ex. 3B 1. ‘s 2. are 3. is 4. are 5. is 6. was 7. is 8. were 9. is 10. ‘s 11. is 12. is, is, is 13. are 14. is 15. have 16. is 17. are 18. looks 19. are 20. are 21. understand 22. has 23. was 24. have 25. was 26. was 27. are 28. is 29. is 30. was 31. is 32. is / are 33. leaves 34. is / are 35. are 36. are 37. is 38. comes 39. is 40. live 41. are 42. points / point 43. are 44. is 45. are 46. was 47. is / are 48. is 49. has 50. was Ex. 3C 1. is / are 2. is / are 3. is 4. is / are 5. is / are 6. remain 7. is 8. are 9. has / have 10.care / cares 11. is 12. plays 13. is 14. am 15. are / is 16. was 17. is, has 18. was 19. come 20. is 新编英语语法教程 第 04 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 4A 1. description 2. arrangement 3. attendance 4. peculiarity 5. expectation 6. argument 7. dependence 8. originality 9. exaggeration 10. measurement 11. purity 12. persistence 13. extension 14. statement 15. generosity 16. entrance 17. loneliness 18. forgetfulness 19. happiness 20. seriousness Ex. 4B 1. strange sounds 2. foods are 3. chief, tribes, their, salmon (s) 4. The runners-up were given pound notes / The runners-up were each given a pound note.

5. bodies, their heroes 6. mice, tooth-marks 7. Crises, occur, families 8. / 9. / 10. these businesses 11. / 12. fruits are 13. / 14. these articles are well written 15. / 16. several personal kindnesses 17. / 18. sufferings 19. professors 20. children are playing, sands Ex. 4C 1. experience 2. waters 3. for advice 4. an important piece of information 5. for it is fun 6. were not numerous 7. Poultry 8. directors are 9. militia 10. geniuses 11. merchandise has 12. sympathies 13. experiences 14. were times, rivalry 15. clippings, were 16. lookers-on 17. foliage is 18. photos 19. 12-pages 20. Luggage is Ex. 4D 1. blade 2. piece 3. choir 4. flash 5. lump 6. gang 7. grain 8. head 9. staff 10. collection 11. fleet 12. cluster 13. bundle 14. bunch 15. team 16. piece 17. ear 18. bar 19. herd 20. pack 21. flock 22. crowd / swarm 23. troupe 24. bench 25. grove 26. collection 27. suite 28. squadron 29. band 30. library Ex. 4E 1-5 BCADC 6-10 CBDAB 11-15 ADBBC 16-20 BDCAB 新编英语语法教程 第 05 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 5A 1. my father has a car 2. the bull has horns 3. the prisoner escaped 4. her parents consented 5. somebody released the prisoner 6. somebody assassinated the President 7. a letter from the general / the general sent a letter 8. the crowd felt sympathy 9. a college for women 10. a summer day, a day in the summer 11. the earth has a (rough) surface 12. the absence lasted ten days 13. a doctoral degree, a doctorate 14. the bird made the nest 15. the committee made a report 16. a story told by the girl / the girl told a story 17. the volcano erupted 18. the victim had courage / the victim was courageous 19. somebody punished the boy 20. the critics recevied the play in a hostile manner Ex. 5B 1. The comedian performed, and he was well received by a huge audience. 这位喜剧演员的演出很受广大观众的欢迎。 2. She was thankful, for her little girl had quickly recovered. 她的小女孩很快康复,为此她非常感谢。 3. How to educate children presents a big problem. 教育孩子成了大问题。 4. He was happy that his wife loved hime. 他陶醉于妻子对他的爱情。 5. He did that because he loved his wife. 他干这个是出于对妻子的爱。 6. The enemy was defeated, and the war was brought to an end. 战争以敌人的失败而告终。 7. John was pleased because his teacher praised him. 约翰因受到老师的嘉勉而感到高兴。 8. She was punished for stealing, and the punishment was a year in prison. 她因偷窃被判刑一年。 9. As he had served unfailingly, the servant was remembered in his master‘s will as a reward. 由于仆人忠实可靠地服务,主人在遗嘱中提出遗赠作为报酬。 10. William‘s homework is the only example that is never bably done. 只有威廉的家庭作业一贯做得好。 Ex. 5C 1. …Dick‘s decision to emigrate to Australia. 2. the expansion of the Physics Department / The Physics Department‘s expansion… 3. …a novel of Jane Austen‘s. 4. That long report of Mr Allen‘s… 5. Those new shoes of yours… 6. …the article of the student…

7. …Shakespeare‘s tragedies / the tragedies of Shakespeare 8. …a ship‘s carpenter. 9. The punishment of the offenders… 10. …the past decade‘s events / the events of the past decade 11. …the enemy‘s unconditional surrender / the unconditional surrender of the enemy. 12. …other people‘s criticism of him. 13. …the younger generation‘s education / the education of the younger generation. 14. …at John Wiley‘s, the bookseller‘s. 15. …an article of T. Johns‘… 16. …this policy of the government‘s…? 17. …an idiot‘s tale. 18. That dog of Frank‘s… 19. This book of Joe Hill‘s… 20. Jane‘s letter… Ex. 5D 1. The leg of the table is broken. 2. Mary and John‘s house is on the corner. 3. …on birs‘s nests. 4. …the students‘ problems. 5. …at the Joneses‘. 6. / 7. …Charles‘ car but someone else‘s. 8. …in ten years‘ time. 9. The products‘ effectiveness… 10. This week‘s news… than the last two weeks‘. 11. …others‘ problems. 12. …each other‘s worries. 13. My brother and sister-in-law‘s house… 14. A friend of my father‘s… 15. A wheel of the car… 16. / 17. The baseball player‘ wives… 18. …women‘s clothing only. 19. …Milton‘s long poems. 20. Those new shoes of yours… 新编英语语法教程 第 06 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 6A 1-5 AABDB 6-10 CCCDB 11-15 ACABC 16-20 DBDCD Ex. 6B 1. books 2. end 3. words 4. news 5. weeks 6. sign 7. money 8. intelligence 9. books 10. line 11. sentences 12. strength 13. apple, money, etc 14. case 15. nurses 16. bales 17. novel, ones 18. years, cause 19. rooms 20. cases Ex. 6C 1-5 BDCAD 6-10 BDBDC 11-15 BBCAB 16-20 CDDCC Ex. 6D 1. …little opportunity to travel. 2. …many such novels. 3. … / Neither sentence is correct English. 4. He has many more problems… 5. …this kind of apple / these kind (s) of apples. 6. I enjoy either kind, … 7. …every book in the fiction section. 8. …than in any other country in the world. 9. …a greater amount of rainfall this year than there was last year. 10. …all this luggage / all the luggage at the airport. 11. …such beautiful poetry / such a beautiful poem that it is hard to believe she has never had a formal education. 12. …a great many friends in New York. 13. Whatever nonsense… 14. That third sister of his… 15. I can‘t for the life of me remember. 16. Presumably there are fewer / less diseases… 17. …than all other methods. 18. …once every three months. 19. …study of language. 20. …some more soup? Ex. 6E 1. How much work have you done this morning? 2. To dig a tunnel will need a great amount of labour.

3. He‘s done the least work. 4. There are several methods of approaching this problem. 5. I know little French. 6. There must be less empty talk but more practical work. 7. Were there many people at the reception? 8. May I have a few words with you? 9. There were fewer people today at the exhibition than yesterday. 10. Harry made the fewest mistakes. 11. You‘ve learnt more poetry and done more exercises than I have. 12. Jack‘s done the most work and made the most mistakes. 13. He‘s done a lot of work and made a lot of mistakes. 14. A millionaire has lots of money—and lots of worries. 15. Anna has enough worries because she hasn‘t got enough money. 16. The telephone rang every few minutes. 17. We have been persisting in making the experiment all these last few cold days. 18. Both his next books on English linguistics will come out in 2006. 19. Soon we learned that we had to wait another three more weeks. 20. My brother spent $ 500 for a second-hand car, but I spent almost twice the amount for the same stuff. Ex. 6F 1. much 2. many 3. any 4.some 5. some, any 6. any 7. Some, any 8. many 9. few 10. little 11. fewer 12. little / less 13. either 14. either, neither 15. Both 16. All 17. none 18. every 19. each 20. any, all 新编英语语法教程 第 07 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 7A 1. 0 2. 0 3. the, an 4. the 5. 0 6. the, the, the 7. 0, a 8. 0, the 9. a, the 10. the 11. 0, the 12. A 13. The, the 14. the 15. 0, 0 16. 0, the 17. 0, a, an, a, the 18. the, the, a, the 19. the, the, the, the, the, the 20. a, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 / a Ex. 7B 1. a 2. the 3. a 4. a 5. a 6. an 7. the 8. the 9. a 10. the 11. 0 12. the 13. a 14. the 15. a 16. 0 17. the 18. a 19. a 20. a / the 21. an 22. the 23. a 24. 0 25. an 26. the 27. the 28. the 29. the 30. a 31. the 32. the 33. a 34. a 35. the 36. the 37. the 38. the 39. an 40. 0 41. 0 42. 0 43. a 44. a 45. the 46. 0 47. the 48. a 49. the 50. the 51. the Ex. 7C 2. Lake Michigan 3. The Straits of Gibraltar 4. Qomolangma 5. The National Gallery 6. the World Cup 7. Christmas 8. The Olympic Games 9. NATO 10. the BBC 11. Newsweek 12. The Times 13. Whitehall 14. the Finance Ministry 15. Parliament 16. the Senate 17. a John Spence 18. Jones and Smith 19. The watermans 20. The White House 21. university 22. church 23. table 24. the university 25. the hospital 26. prison 27. The train 28. The hovercraft, the boat 29. hovercraft 30. a taxi 31. school 32. a bus 33. the ferry 34. a cinema 35. The film 36. the Pope 37. a world 38. Language 39. experience 40. law Ex. 7D Ⅰ. 1. the 2. a 3. the 4. a 5. his 6. the 7. my 8. a 9. the 10. the 11. the 12. 0 13. a 14. a 15. Sam‘s 16. the 17. A 18. the 19. The 20. His 21. the 22. her 23. your Ⅱ. 1. a 2. the 3. another 4. an 5. the 6. a 7. an 8. a 9. an 10. 0 11. 0 12. a 13. the 14. the 15. Each 16. a 17. the 18. the 19. a 20. other 21. the 22. another 23. the 24. a 25. the 26. the Ex. 7E 1. on the spot 2. from top to bottom 3. on hand 4. an the front 5. in a fashion 6. taken a fancy to 7. in case of 8. took the fancy of 9. in trouble, lend a hand 10. went by the board 11. within reach of 12. on top of 13. In the case of 14. in the shade 15. at a loss 16. in possession of 17. in the possession of 18. under cover 19. burning the midnight oil 20. at short notice Ex. 7F 1. Light travels faster than sound. 2. Be quiet, please. Don‘t let me hear a sound. 3. In writing English, after each word we leave a space. 4. This box occupies too much space. 5. After a big meal, you should take a rest. 6. Everybody needs food, drink and rest. 7. He did it out of kindness. 8. Thank you. You have done me a kindness.

9. He lives close at hand. 10. The children suffered a lot at the hands of their stepfather. 11. Have you got an English-French dictionary? 12. Have you got an English and a French dictionary? 13. How do you like the red and white roses in my garden? 14. Have you seen the red (roses) and the white roses in my garden? 15. He is still in hospital. 16. I‘m going to the hospital to see him. 17. There is a garden in front of the house. 18. There is a picture in the front of the book. 19. This style of dress is no longer in fashion. 20. She likes to read about the lastest fashion. 21. Don‘t talk too much at table. 22. My friend was sitting at the table writing a letter. 23. When we called, his family were at dinner. 24. When we called, his family was giving a dinner. 25. The students take / took quite a fancy to their teacher. 26. The exhibits in the hall soon took the fancy of the visitors. 27. The old man is in possession of a huge fortune. 28. This island was once in the possession of the Great Britain. 29. You must immediately consult a doctor in case of illness. 30. Pauline is stupid, but it is different in the case of Mary; she is just lazy. 新编英语语法教程 第 08 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 8A 1. its 2. his, he 3. them 4. it has 5. it, it has to 6. its / their 7. its 8. him / them 9. he is / they are 10. it 11. it 12. his / their 13. isn‘t it 14. take / takes 15. his / their 16. has, her 17. their 18. has, his 19. they, themselves 20. tends, itself Ex. 8B 1. it / she 2. It 3. it / her 4. her 5. his / one‘s, he / one, his / one‘s 6. himself 7. she 8. it / she 9. he / he or she, he / he or she 10. it / she 11. it / she 12. his / his or her, his / his or her 13. it / him 14. it / him, it / he 15. It 16. he / he or she 17. his / her 18. it / she 19. he / he or she 20. he / he or she, he / he or she Ex. 8C (略) 新编英语语法教程 第 09 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 9A 1. me 2. me 3. she 4. me 5. her 6. she 7. whom 8. who 9. who 10. whoever 11. him 12. its 13. anyone else‘s 14. his 15. who 16. whoever 17. his 18. her 19. whom, her 20. whom Ex. 9B 1. theirs , ours 2. its, it ’ s 3. of his 4. The professor himself 5. for herself 6. beside ourselves 7. conducts himself 8. itself 9. he / he himself 10. no change 11. she / she herself 12. him 13. me 14. whom 15. who 16. whoever 17. us, who 18. him 19. his 20. whoever 21. his 22. your arriving late 23. whomever 24. Their 25. who 26. whoever 27. me 28. he himself 29. one / he 30. whether you Ex. 9C 1. …to teach the facts of life to their children. 2. …to change this situation… 3. …with great potentials which are not enhanced… 4. …major in accounting. 5. Bud Ellis challenged Jody Baker to a game of chess when they met at the Recreation Centre. 6. This morning‘s paper says that Route 4 can‘t be used until the flood damage is repaired. 7. On a hill was situated the cottage, which… 8. Two weeks after his uncle moved to Florida, Ed sold… 9. …as if the jails were equipped with revolving doors. 10. I put the package of frozen strawberries… 11. Before she left for Europe, Mother asked Mrs Spry to visit her. 12. …this vitamin, which is essential to sound teeth. 13. Burkett‘s being given the leading role in the play displeased the rest of the cast. 14. …all the clothes stored in the attic were ruined. 15. Ann and Jan wouldn‘t even look at each other when they met… 16. Since her arrival in New York, this was the first time that she had seen her mother. 17. …shoes. This pleased Mother tremendously. 18. …Those / The people interviewed are sometimes indignant. 19. When he spoke to the lawyer, Dad was extremely nervous… 20. …that the holiday makers can hardly find places to sit down, which is why those people who hate crowds keep away from these places. Ex. 9D

1. I 2. My 3. my 4. I 5. I 6. themselves 7. them 8. my 9. I 10. them 11. these 12. I 13. their 14. their 15. their 16. their 17. I 18. myself 19. them 20. them 21. I 22. I 23. I 24. me 25. it 26. my 27. my 28. I 29. they 30. me 31. I 32. they 33. the 34. their 35. it 36. they 37.they 38. they 39. They 新编英语语法教程 第 10 讲 练习参考答案 Ex, 10A 1. Don‘t speak loudly. The children are sleeping. 2. Don‘t disturb me. I‘m thinking. 3. The chidlren were jumping to keep warm. 4. The woman got mad. She was hitting her head against the wall. 5. Old Tom knows Russian, but he can‘t speak it well. 6. I hope she likes these reses. 7. Halleck resembles his father very much in disposition and appearance. 8. This material feels soft. 9. I believe we will certainly achieve success. 10. Last night we dined at a Thai restaurant. These almost all the dishes taste hot. 11. In grammar, English differs greatly from Spanish/ 12. This bus can hold 40 people. 13. This rule applies to all the tourists. 14. They were talking about pollution of the environment. 15. Spring is here. The treetops are turning green. 16. The economic situation there has changed from bad to worse. 17. I‘m getting old. I can‘t walk such a long distance. 18. This trunk weighs 50 kilos. 19. Surely you are imagining things. 20. I am not feeling (I don‘t feel) very tired. Ex. 10B 2. called off 3. carry out 4. catch up with 5. came round / to 6. cutting down 7. looked into 8. held up 9. turn up 10. Keep off 11. Knocked him out 12. let you off 13. leave out 14.mix up 15. bring up 16. blew it up 17. Look out 18. put off 19. look on 20. put up 21. running into 22. run up against 23. sold out 24. send for / call in 25. taking…in 26. turned down 27. turned out 28. work out 29. wound up 30. took on, worn out, give…up Ex. 10C 1. This case is being looked into by the police. 2. Before long the children had taken to their ner teacher. 3. We can‘t rely on other countries to help us tide over the difficulty. 4. The First World War broke out in 1914. 5. When she came to, she found herself lying in a hospital. 6. He was not really feeling sad. He was just putting on. 7. Some new problems cropped up at the last minute. 8. As most members were absent, the meeting had to be called off. 9. Can you figure out a way to solve this problem? 10. When he was criticized, he flared up. 11. Don‘t be taken in. 12. I got very angry that he should come out with that rude remark. 13. You must work hand, or you won‘t be able to keep up with the rest of the class. 14. Sophie is going to take a day off tomorrow; I must fill in for her. 15. We are going to bring up this question at the next meeting. 16. I‘m going to forward to meeting you in Shanghai. 17. We all look up to Doctor Lin, because she serves herpatients selflessly. 18. He worked in the United States for three years, and he made the most of the opportunity to improve his English. 19. She was so lazy that she made a mess of her room. 20. This is a used car; it has changed hands several times. Ex. 10D 1. finding 2. occurred 3. waiting 4. studied 5. stood 6. read 7. read 8. decided 9. satisfy 10. carried 11. colored 12. taste 13. watching 14. slipped 15. took 16. found 17. was 18. ran 19. shouted 20. drank 21. tasted 22. was 23. learned 24. to question 新编英语语法教程 第 11 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 11A 1. Patience wears out stones. 2. Pride goes bedore a fall. 3. Facts speak louder than words. 4. One swallow doesn‘t make a summer. 5. The Changjiang flows into the East China Sea. 6. Water doesn‘t exist on the moon.

7. It isn‘t ever cold in Hawaii. 8. May in Paris isn‘t always nice; it sometimes rains a lot. 9. He occasionally is wrong, but not often. 10. He never does any homework, but he does well in class. 11. Our company doesn‘t always make very high profits. 12. My mother doesn‘t usually have coffee in the morning. 13. She hardly ever goes to bed before midnight. 14. Phoenix, the capital of Arizona, is very dry; it hardly ever rains. 15. My parents seldom go to church on Sundays. 16. The earth revolves round the sun. 17. India lies to the south of China. 18. The Thames flows through London. 19. I usually vote for a Democrat, but my roommate almost always votes for a Republican. 20. It is an ill wind that blows nobody good. Ex. 11B 1. is 2. see / will see 3. are 4. went 5. bought 6. was 7. set to, did 8. had 9. knew 10. knew 11. lived 12. wondered 13. sleep / will sleep 14. say 15. tells 16. hear 17. wanted 18. says 19. suggest 20. make 21. does not dislike 22. had 23. get 24. came 25. use(d) 26. do / did 27. rained 28. gather 29. stepped, sat, began 30. is; is; is; sits; rubs; coughs Ex. 11C 1. He came to see me every day last week. 2. It is winter time. We usually have breakfast at seven thirty. 3. How long ago did you buy the shoes you are wearing? 4. The old professor stepped into the classroom, opened the book and began to teach. 5. How I wish you were here with us! 6. Jane tells me you‘re entering college next year. 7. Rome was not built in a day. 8. A rolling stone gathers no moss. 9. Practice makes perfect. 10. He who laughs last laughs best. 11. One good turn deserves another. 12. Whenever ammonia is added to this liquid, its colour changes to organge. 13. I wondered if you could lend me your car. 14. I hear that old Henry died last night. 15. This tape recorder is easy to operate. Watch what I do. I switch it on, press this button and it starts. Ex. 11D 1. is living 2. live 3. is…standing 4. stands 5. sees 6. is getting 7. are…spending 8. boils 9. is boiling 10. is getting 11. is always writing 12. are…talking about 13. write, know, is doing, Does your son write; hear, seems 14. are always hammering; keeps, begins, hear, shakes 15. smell; do, think, is coming, is probably ironing, irons, watches, gets, forgets, is pressing, is thinking 16. is running; passes, kicks; heads, misses; hits, bounces; is happening; is lying; is holding; is running; is running; is blowing Ex. 11E 1. arrived, was telephoning 2. arrived, telephoned 3. did…do; was (jiust) doing 4. was (always) ringing 5. was burning, was sleeping, was playing, (was) singing; was; stopped; woke 6. was drowning, dived, saved 7. was listening, rang, did not hear 8. exploded, was landing, climbed; were waiting, witnessed 9. ate; was doing 10. Did…want; hoped / was hoping 12. (1) was (just) hanging out (2) started (3) was wiping (4) lost (5) fell off (6) was washing (7) rushed (8) koncked over (9) let (10) was talking (11) managed (12) was doing (13) cut (14) was peeling (15) was reversing (16) forgot (17) bumped Ex. 11F 1. differs 2. belongs to 3. are landing 4. know 5. are. have 6. am getting 7. tastes 8. is waiting 9. is (just) coming in 10. flows 11. is raining 12. floats 13. is falling in 14. equals 15. is…stopping 16. realize, forgive 17. is dictating 18. am trying 19. matters 20. is dying, is just leaving 21. concerns, think 22. prefer 23. smell, smells 24. goes / is always going 25. are…sitting 26. suppose, know, means 27. appreciate 28. is always doing / always does 29. cost 30. grow, have Ex. 11G 1. is arriving, have 2. are being, am (still) having 3. think, am thinking 4. am expecting 5. expect 6. Do…mind 7. Is…minding 8. doesn‘t hear 9. is hearing 10. am smelling 11. smell 12. am forgetting 13. forget 14. consider 15. is considering 16. are being 17. am measuring 18. measures 19. Does…apply, applies 20. am applying 21. am tasting, taste, tastes 22. is hurting / hurts 23. are hurting 24. Feel, Does…feel 25. extends, are extending 26. do…think, don‘t think 27. are…smelling 28. is seeing to 29. do…feel / are…feeling, feel / am feeling 30. is tasting, think

新编英语语法教程 第 12 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 12A 1. have been telephoning, Haven‘t you nearly finished; haven‘t got, have been trying, has been 2. have been playing, haven‘t played 3. have been writing / have written 4. have … been learning / have … learned 5. has been sleeping /has slept 6. has been coughing / has coughed 7. have known, have been reading, haven‘t finished 8. have been, have … come 9. has been learning, has mastered 10. has been raining, has stopped 11. have travelled 12. Have … read 13. have been reading 14. have read 15. has let 16. has been crying 17. has injured 18. has been assassinated 19. have been working 20. has been losing Ex. 12B 1. YES 2.NO 3.YES 4.YES 5.YES 6.YES, NO 7.YES, NO 8.NO, NO, NO 9.YES, YES, YES 10.YES, NO Ex. 12C I. (1)struck (2)reached (3)lit (4)sat (5)had left (6)had had (7)put (8)undressed (9)got (10)fell (11)had put (12)had forgotten (13)dropped (14)burned (15)found (16)had burned (17)had … made II. (1)opened (2)saw (3)had … been listening (4)wondered (5)had heard (6)asked (7)had been doing / was doing (8)said (9)had dropped (10)had been looking (11)didn‘t see (12)found (13)had … dropped (14)opened (15)had been taking (16)were (17)turned (18)asked (19)pulled (20)ran (21)recovered (22)had disappeared (23)moved (24)found (25)had been standing (26)had been telling Ex. 12D 1. I met George after he had heard … 2. I met George before he had heard … 3. We reached the football ground before the game had started. 4. We reached the football ground after the game had started. 5. As soon as we arrived at the station, we bought … 6. For several years after Dick (had) left school, he worked … 7. After she‘d cleaned … she had … 8. When we arrived, they‘d laid … 9. He‘d done all his work by the time he went … 10. The secretary had typed … by the time I came … 11. I‘d only been there … when John walked in. 12. He‘d answered … before he got a job. 13. They left before I‘d explained … 14. We managed … before the concert had started. 15. She didn‘t notice it until he‘d pointed it out. 16. I‘d no sooner taken off … than it began … 17. I‘d no sooner put … than I realized … 18. He didn‘t understand until I‘d explained. 19. He came in before I‘d done … 20. We got to the hall after the concert had started. We didn‘t get to the hall until after the concert had started. The concert (had) started before we got to the hall. Ex. 12E 1. went 2. was / were 3.hadn‘t said 4.hadn‘t drunk, hadn‘t drunk 5.had expected, had intended 6.hadn‘t lost 7.hadn‘t told 8.knew /had known 9.had come 10.had meant 11.had wanted 12.wasn‘t 13.hadn‘t been 14.had never seen 15.had given 16.had seen 17.had asked 18.hadn‘t broken 19.knew 20.had never been invented Ex. 12F 1.haven‘t got to 2.Have you got 3.hadn‘t got to 4.have got to 5.have got to 6.hadn‘t got to 7.had got 8.have got 9.have got to 10.hadn‘t got to 11./ 12.has got 13./ 14.haven‘t got to … have we 15. have got 16./ 17./ 18.has got to 19 ./ 20./ Ex. 12G 1. have explained 2. have had

3. drank, drove, got, gave, has been breathalysed 4. was, had visited 5. had tried 6. will be, have had to 7. are going to stay, will be, haven‘t been 8. will be, have taught; teach, take, will be 9. are … getting on; have done, learnt 10. Have … been; went, went, was, had been, liked, go Ex. 12H I. 1. Do you … know 2. should /would like 3. have just heard 4.would exactly suit 5.doesn‘t apply 6.won‘t get 7.saw 8.had just left 9.said 10.was going 11.promised 12.(had) found 13.have heard 14.don‘t even know 15.went 16.know 17.should/would be 18.would phone 19.have tried 20.doesn‘t / didn‘t seem II. 1.wrote 2.asking 3.replied 4.enclosing 5.filled up 6.returned 7.have heard 8.am beginning 9.has gone 10.Would/Could you please check 11.have received 12.have received /did receive/ received 13.haven‘t decided 14.should/would be 15.would tell 16.has already been 17.should/would like 18.don‘t get 19.will have to 20.do 21.will have / have 新编英语语法教程 第 13 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 13A 1. will just be coming out 2. will be, will be wondering 3. will come 4. will be doing, will be working 5. will get, will still be, will be going, will ask 6. will be melting, will be 7. won‘t start, will give 8. will tell 9. will be reading, will be ringing 10. will be cooking, will ring 11. am going to shampoo 12. is going to bake, will soon get 13. will see 14. am going to have 15. am going to bottle 16. Are you going to paint, am going to take 17. am going to ring 18. am going to start, Are you going to do, is going to help 19. will start, will get, will bake 20. am going to make, will burn 21. is arriving, Is he spending, is he catching, is spending, is giving, is attending 22. am going to dye, Are you going to do, are you going to have, am going to have 23. is going to rain 24. Are you doing, are coming, am going to show, Are you taking, am going to take 25. am going to send, am seeing 26. am moving, Are you going to have, am going to paint 27. am going to buy, is going to be 28. are you going to do, Are you going to sell, am going to learn, am having 29. am getting, are starting, is coming 30. is going, is having, is looking, is coming 31. will have finished, will be starting 32. will have planted 33. will have done, will be relaxing 34. will have done, will soon be leaving 35. will be trying, will have sent 36. will be living, will have spent 37. will be giving, will have given 38. will be coming, will have picked 39. will be fishing, will have been polluted, will be dying 40. will be repairing, will have repaired Ex. 13B 1. would have/were going to have 2. were going to swim/were swimming/were to swim 3. was to discover 4. (1)is going to catch/is catching/is to catch (2)is going to attend/is attending/is to attend 5. was going to show./ was about to show 6. was going to be/was to be 7. were not to use

8. (1)would be/was going to be/was to be (2)were going to discuss/were to discuss 9. (1)Are … going to watch (2)was going to watch (3)is arriving (4)am going to meet (5)was going to arrive 10. (1)are … to be (2)were to be (3)were to have got (4)was to have taken place (5)are … to have Ex. 13C 1. We‘ll start off as soon as the rain stops. 2. I‘ll ring you up directly I hear the news. 3. If you are leaving early tomorrow morning, you‘ll have to finish packing before bedtime. 4. The committee are to gather next Thursday to settle the question. 5. He is not to stay here any longer. He is to leave at once. 6. She said that by the end of the week she would have been back to China. 7. He told me yesterday that he was going to get married next month. 8. He announced at the press conference that the prime minister of Japan was to visit China next Monday. 9. If you go and see him at six, he will be taking morning exercises. 10. What will you be doing at 7: 30 tomorrow evening? 11. When you come back from Nanjing next week, the discussion will have finished. 12. By next weekend, I‘ll have been here for a whole year. 13. Don‘t get off the bus till it stops. 14. They are going to spend their holidays in Dalian next summer. 15. Look! The dark clouds are gathering. It is going to rain. 16. If I‘m at lunch when he comes, please tell him to wait a little while. 17. We‘ll stay here for a couple of days before we go on to Xi‘an. 18. We‘re having our dress rehearsal tomorrow evening. Are you coming? 19. How many students are going? Are they going by boat? 20. The Foreign Ministers were to have met on May 14 to discuss the proposals for easing the crisis, but the war broke out. 新编英语语法教程 第 14 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 14A 1. This house was built 2. English is spoken … 3. He has never been beaten … 4. Milk is used …. 5. My piano is being repaired … 6. My shoes had been cleaned. 7. / 8. … a new system was being started. 9. This dress can‘t be washed; it must be dry-cleaned. 10. A different attitude will have to be adopted. 11. / 12. The bag is to be left … 13. He will be sent to school … 14. Bicycles must not be left … 15. These engines used to be started … 16. / 17. The wall is going to be painted green. 18. You will be asked … 19. / 20. He was told never to come … 21. He was proved wrong. 22. Those books should have been taken back. 23. It may have been left … 24. / 25. This letter need not be typed. 26. Mary seems to be liked very much by John. 27. She happened to be met in the street by the boy. 28. / 29. / 30. / Ex. 14B 1. Who was it written by? 2. Has my parcel been posted? 3. My attention was held by … 4. Your record has never been equalled. 5. Why wasn‘t I informed of the change …? 6. A lot of time is wasted … 7. The books had to be taken back; we were not allowed to take … 8. This could be done much more easily by (a) machine. 9. Jack was invited, but Tom wasn‘t (invited). 10. Weren‘t you told to be ….? 11. You are sure to be asked that question. 12. That he wasn‘t present should be borne in mind/ It should be borne in mind that …. 13. The principle known as Boyle‘s Law was discovered by … 14. … my car had been towed away. I asked why this had been done and was told that … it had been parked … 15. He must have been terribly disappointed to be told he wasn‘t wanted.

Ex. 14C 1. This topic has been talked about … 2. It will then be dealt with … 3. The children weren‘t properly looked after. 4. Has this matter been looked into? 5. Are you being attended to? 6. Smith‘s warehouse was broken into … 7. My application has been turned down. 8. This question will be brought up … 9. The trains were held up by fog. 10. Your argument is not borne out by the facts. 11. Their stories are made up. 12. The application has been filled in incorrectly. 13. The scheme was thought out carefully. 14. The prices were put up. 15. Your photographs will be blown up well. 16. The recorded programmes can be played back. 17. These interruptions were put up with. 18. His retirement is being looked forward to very much. 19. The responsibilities are being faced up to badly. 20. He was looked up to by everyone. 21. This piece of legislation had been done away with reluctantly. 22. They weren‘t taken in by her story. 23. I was got through the written papers by special coaching. 24. He will be seen off at the airport by all the ministers. 25. If it rains, the match will have to be put off … Ex. 14D 1. Your remarks have been taken careful note of / Careful note has been taken of your remarks. 2. His aristocratic connections are made rather too much of / Rather too much is made of his artitocratic connections 3. … the matter was never paid attention to / … attention was never paid to the matter. 4. These prisoners were made an example of (by …) / An example was made of these prisoners (by …). 5. … that she was being made fun of. 6. Special emphasis must be laid on … 7. The plane was lost track of … 8. …. no mention was made of …. 9. The excellent situation … must be taken full advantage of / Full advantage must be taken of … 10. This state of things must be put an end to ... Ex. 14E 1. being sent /to be sent 2.being educated /to be educated 3.being asked/to be asked 4.to be sent 5.being examined 6.to be promoted 7.to be transferred 8.being asked 9.being consulted 10.to be admitted 11.to be asked 12.being interviewed 13.to be paid 14.being invited 15.to be photographed 16.being punished 17.to be sent 18.to be taught/ being taught 19.being taken /to be taken 20.being left Ex. 14F 1. I hope to be promoted. 2. I expected all my letters to be typed promptly. 3. I would like to be measured for a suit. 4. I don‘t want to be bothered. 5. I expect him to be kept in the picture. 6. I don‘t mind being criticized by you. 7. I want to be left alone. 8. She objects to being disturbed when she‘s reading. 9. He insists on being shown respect. 10. She doesn‘t like to be flattered. 11. I want him to be punished. 12. Will they permit the book to b e taken out of the library? 13. We must not allow the interests of the people to be violated. 14. They decided for the power plant to be built later. 15. I‘m worrying about my children being led astray in the forest. 新编英语语法教程 第 15 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 15A 1.Now they are started … 2.… but one of the firemen … 3.… which we … 4.…. It was decided … 5.…. And passengers and crew … 6.… they can be built … 7. Measurements of wind speed … 8.… and I was earning … Ex. 15B 1. It is thought that … /He is thought to be coming. 2. It is believed that …/ He is believed to be … 3. It is known that … /You are known to have been … 4. It is understand that …/ She is understood to have been … 5. It is supposed that … / He is supposed to be … 6. It is said that the murderer … /The murderer is said to be hiding … 7. It is reported that … ?unidentified flying objects are reported to have been seen … 8. It is rumoured that … /He is rumoured to have escaped … 9. It is expected that … / Electricity supply is expected to be … 10. It is known that he is … / He is known to be … 11. Very little is felt to have been done … 12. The President is expected to speak …

13. He is said to have been … 14. The murderer is said to be hiding /to have been hiding … 15. The expedition is known to have reached … 16. The ship is reported to have been sunk. 17. You are expected to leave … 18. N is known to be preparing … 19. All the miners are feared to be … 20. Both sides are understood to have agreeed … Ex. 15C 1. It is said that she can speak several foreign languages/ She is said to be able to speak foreign languages. 2. It is known that many people are homeless after the earthquake ? Many people are known to be honeless after the earthquake. 3. It is understood that this is the result of recent negotiations/ This is understood to be … 4. It is thought that she has recovered? She is thought to have recovered. 5. It is expected that the President will make an announcement/The President is expected to make an announcement. 6. Will this question be discussed tomorrow morning? 7. It can be done right away. 8. Has this motion been adopted? 9. The reservoir is going to be completed ahead of schedule. 10. Some new songs are being taught now over the radio. 11. Quality must be guaranteed first. 12. Another college has been set up at Pudong. 13. It is suggested that the meeting be put off till next Thursday. 14. It must be recognized that China is still a developing country. 15. It must be pointed out that Taiwan problem is China‘s internal affairs. 16. This English Reader sells well. 17. A porcelain sink cleans easily. 18. This drawer won‘t lock. 19. Milk spoils easily. 20. Will this fish keep till tomorrow? Ex. 15D 1. Couldn‘t someone be asked to do the word privately without being known? 2. They were shocked by the boy‘s rudeness, which was put down to his having been spoiled by his parents. 3. … that the picture had been stolen. 4. The question was put to debate, but on very few occasions was a question fully debated in Parliament. 5. … and martial law was declared. The army put down the rebellion and declared martial law. 6. He wanted the information to be treated as confidential, … 7. … and the proceeds will be shared among his family. 8. All the members should have an equal right to speak and to vote. Only in this way could they make the law effectively. 9. Having been ignored for many years, … 10. Should it be proved beyond doubt that the fire was caused by an accident, the man being held on suspicion of arson will be released. 11. On being informed that he was wanted by the police, the man realized that he had been betrayed by his accomplice. 12. … it was found that most of its fittings had been stripped and the air had been let out of the tyres. 13. …, but it had to be cancelled at the last minute because of a cabinet crisis. 14. The fire was finally got under control, but not before it had caused extensive damage / but not before extensive damage had been caused. 15. … before you made any decision. 16. Feudalism was not accepted, any more than capitalism is. 17. … and two thousand pounds‘ worth of jewellery had been stolen. 18. Information about the source from which the startling news had been obtained was withheld by the reporter. The reporter withheld information about the source from which he had obtained the startling news. 19. The army authorities needn‘t have caused him so much distress by telling him that his brother had died in action, as they later discovered that they had made a mistake as to the missing man‘s identity. 20. A kind of lid is fixed to the top of the pipe, and the oil is allowed to flow gently through taps. 新编英语语法教程 第 16 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 16A 1. She insists that he take his vacation now. 2. I had recommended that he be placed in a more responsible position. 3. I suggested that he finished up that project quickly.

3. I demanded that he accompany that the soldiers advance immediately. 4. The general commanded that the soldiers advance immediately. 6. I prefer that Mary type the letters. 7. It was necessary that he leave immediately. 8. It‘s important that he be nominated. 9. He advised that she wait for a few weeks. 10. The board has instructed that the manager quit. 11. He ordered that the troops march to the front at once. 12. Congress has voted that this law be abolished. 13. It is absolutely essential that all the applicants be interviewed one by one. 14. I think it advisable that a secretary be appointed at once. 15. We propose that somebody neutral take the chair. 16. Long live our great motherland. 17. Be it understood that… 18. Suffice it to say that… 19. It is necessary that every member get informed of these rules. 20. …if need be. Ex. 16B 1.be 2.were 3.were 4.have 5.be 6.be 7.weren‘t 8.be appointed 9.were 10.were 11.be examined 12.were 13.were 14.apply 15.were feeling 16.be increased 17.be made, economize 18.were 19.be 20.be dropped 21.were 22.were 23.were to rain 24.were to see 25.(not) be started 26.suffice 27.tell 28.be excused 29.be adjourned 30.were 31.continue 32.be 33.be 34.inform 35.were 36.be 37.come 38.perish 39.were 40.forget Ex. 16C 1.went 2.had 3.had done 4.began 5.knew 6.had 7.had nibbled 8.were addressing 9.were 10.stayed, looked 11.had tied 12.hadn‘t given 13.had, would 14.were 15.drove 16.had been 17.had not taken 18.had kept 19.paid 20.did not know 21.had never been 22.stooped, started 23.had brought 24.were coming 25.had taken 26.took 27.had had/had 28.had not tried 29.had not had 30.got Ex. 16D 1. I would certainly take you there if need be. 2. if i were to do this , i would adopt a different method. 3. the president ordered that all the armed forces be mobilized at once. 4. the board decided that Johnson be appointed general manager. 5. if I were you, I would face up to the problem. 6. If I were in better health, I would have long left this place. 7. far be it from me to see him make a mistake. 8. how i wish our factory were better equipped. 9. if we weren‘t to have our test tomorrow, I would go and see a film this evening. 10. it is essential that all the applicants be interviewed one by one. 11. it was suggested that another session be held to discuss the problem of inflation. 12. I insisted that she stay in Shanghai for another day or two. 13. the steel workers demanded that their wages be increased by 10 per sent. 14. i second their motion that the discussion be put off. 15. I prefer that my secretary accompany me to Beijing. 16. it has been decided that more time be allotted for extensive reading. 17. suffice it to say that without national independence there is no democracy or freedom. 18. if you do not listen to my advice, so be it. 19. we unanimously recommended that neutral chairman be appointed. 20. he has become, as it were, an utterly self-centred man. 新编英语语法教程 第 17 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 17A 1. can type 2. can answer 3. could never understand 4. could solve 5. (What you say) might be 6. Shall I open…? 7. will come 8. Would you have…? 9. will put 10. will sit 11. would hit 12. sould sit 13. You should read 14. We must read 15. You must not smoke 16. Can you do 17. Should we wait? 18. We need not attend 19. That will be 20. that must be Ex. 17B a) 1. needn‘t (= don‘t have to, don‘t need to, haven‘t got to) 2. won‘t have to 3. didn‘t have to (= didn‘t need to) 4. needn‘t 5. didn‘t have to 6. didn‘t have to 7. needn‘t 8. needn‘t

9. won‘t have to 10. needn‘t b)11. You had to… 12. He wasn‘t to… 13. He wasn‘t to… 14. You had to… 15. He said I wasn‘t to… 16. They had to.. 17. We had to… 18. I wasn‘t to… 19. He said you weren‘t to… 20. We had to… Ex. 17C 1. should 2. should 3. Would, should 4. would 5. should 6. would 7. should, would 8. should 9. should 10. would, would 11. should 12. would, would 13. should 14. would, would 15. should 16. should 17. Should 18. would, should 19. would 20. should, should / would Ex. 17D 1. He may be doing his homework. 2. She may have forgotten to call me back. 3. Could you lend me 5 pounds until tomorrow? 4. I wonder if I could leave now. 5. It might rain this evening. 6. Old Tom might have left San Diego. 7. If it should rain tomorrow, the football match would be put off. 8. You should do as he says. 9. If you should change your mind, please let me know. 10. I‘m surprised that he should have an accident. 11. Shall I go with you? 12. You shan‘t answer her back again. 13. You mustn‘t violate the traffic regulations again. 14. He must have got lost in the mountains. 15. You needn‘t go and see him. 16. You needn‘t have written to her. 17. You should have helped her. 18. If you would change this car, I should be very grateful. 19. Would you mind shutting the door? 20. She shouldn‘t have bought that house. 21. It‘s odd that she should say that. 22. Don‘t call him. He‘ll be taking a nap. 23. Don‘t write to him. He won‘t be home now. 24. Don‘t bother him. He will have heard the news. 25. A lion will attack people only when hungry. 26. What will you do after graduation? 27. Mary ought to be home by now. 28. You oughtn‘t to have bought a new car. 29. He used to work in Shanghai, but now he is nowhere to be found. 30. How dare you say that in the presence of the principal? Ex. 17E 1. He may be working for Simons. 2. He may have been working for Simons. 3. He may be retiring next year. 4. He won‘t be working now. 5. He‘ll have heard it by now. 6. They may have been wondering what to do. 7. He can‘t have lost it. 8. They must be waiting. 9. That might be true. 10. She should be home by now. 11. She may have left it at home. 12. I may have been mistaken. 13. You must have been disappointed. 14. She won‘t have heard the news yet. 15. There must have been a mistake. 16. He won‘t be there. 17. He can‘t be there. 18. He couldn‘t have made that mistake. 19. Will this be the one you want? 20. You will have been wondering all this time how it works.

Ex. 17F 1. may 2. might have 3. may have 4. possibly 5. possible 6. perhaps 7. might 8. can 9. may have had 10. could 11. might be 新编英语语法教程 第 18 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 18A 1. He is likely to let you down. 2. Our team is certain to win. 3. There appears to be no doubt about it. 4. John happened to be the only witness. 5. I chanced to be out of London at the time. 6. John doesn‘t seem to be coming after all. 7. We‘re not supposed to play football on Sundays. 8. He is supposed to have arrivedat five. 9. He‘s sure to be there. 10. They are certain to need help. 11. I think it‘s going to rain this evening. 12. How am I to pay my debts? 13. The new building is going to be six storeys high. 14. You‘re not to talk like that. 15. He‘s likely to see her. 16. You‘ve got to be joking. 17. He tends to be stupid. 18. I fail to see what you mean. 19. We happened to be there. 20. I chanced to meet him in the park. 21. He appeared to enjoy the concert. 22. They seemed not to notice it. 23. The swimmer failed to reach the shore. 24. We were to have been married in May. 25. The purse was not to be found. 26. He was never to see his wife or children again. 27. It‘s going to be a long time before we can reduce our prices. 28. John is bound to be in the office. 29. None of us can say what our future is to be. 30. He did not fail to keep his word. Ex. 18B J:Mary has…, but she dose not… D:/ J:I do not… It is… She would… D:If she does not…she will… J:Yes, I am… D:I should…she would…Are they not… J:….she would… D:…there is… J:…there is not…You would…, would you not? D:I would not…But nobody has… J:You need not…You have got… D:…if I had…, I would… J:….Mary does not… D:Is there not…she will not… J:….she will not… D:…she is J:…If it had…, she would… D:And you are…we cannot… J:I should not…Let us…It is… D:…you are…But it is… Ex. 18C A:I can’t come and I don’t want to come. I don’t like picnics. B:Why don’t you like them? A:I haven’t the slightest desire to sit on wet grass and eat dry sandwiches. B:You mustn’t be so unsociable. A:I’m not being unsociable, but I shan’t ever go on another picnic. B:You aren’t serious, are you? A: Of course I’ m serious. I usedn’ t to like them as a child and I don’ t like them now. Please don’ t ask me again. B:All right, I won’t. But you won’t have anything to do on Sunday? A:That needn’t worry you. I can amuse myself. B:Jane won’t like it, will she? A:She knows I can’y stand picnics. She won’t expect me to come.

B:Won’t she? A:No. In fact, she mayn’t go herself. She isn’t very keen on picnics either. B:I didn’t know that. A:She wouldn’t enjoy herself very much, so it’s really better is she stays at home with me. B:All right. Then we shan’t expect to see either of you on Sundays. Ex. 18D A:If I were you I’d leave as soon as possible. You’ve a long way to go and it’s a bad road. B:Yes, I’m sure you’re right. I’d have left earlier if I’d been able to. A: They’ ll finish repairing the car in half an hour or so. They’ ve been working on it all morning. B: I know. They’ ve worked hard. They’ re good chaps, and they’ re doing all they can. It’ s lucky for me you’ve got such a good garage here. I‘d never get away otherwise. A:No. You’d still be here tomorrow. Ex. 18E(略) 新编英语语法教程 第 19 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 19A 1. / 2. / 3. / 4. / 5. / 6. / 7. to 8. / ; to 9. to 10. to 11. / 12. / 13. / 14. to 15. to 16. / 17. (to) 18. / 19. / 20. (to) 21. / 22. (to) 23. / 24. / ;to 25. to 26. / 27. to 28. to 29. / ;/ 30. / 31. (to) 32. / 33. to 34. / 35. / 36. / 37. / 38. / ;/ 39. / 40. / ;/ Ex. 19B 1. Let me see 2. let drop 3. make believe 4. let it pass 5. Let her be 6. let fly at 7. let go of 8. lets slip 9. go hang 10. live and let live 11. make both ends meet 12. make do with 13. make do on 14. make…work 15. let sleeping dogs lie Ex. 19C 1. begging 2. coming 3. running 4. (doing) 5. playing 6. marrying 7. buying 8. improving 9. meeting 10. eating 11. having seen 12. lending 13. speaking 14. staying 15. smoking 16. increasing 17. having made 18. travelling 19. following 20. restraining Ex. 19D 1. write, beginning 2. doing, doing 3. leaving, going 4. having, told 5. being separated 6. building 7. speak, being 8. getting, closing 9. going 10. belling, say 11. trying, answer 12. increasing 13. becoming 14. trying, make 15. having heard 16. dislike, living 17. try, discuss, speaking 18. teaching 19. increasing 20. travelling 新编英语语法教程 第 20 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 20A a) 1. The two girls are attractive to look at. 2. The film was easy to follow. 3. The monkey was amusing to watch. 4. Reference books are useful to have. 5. The form is complicated to fill in. 6. Wet grass is difficult to burn. 7. A spring mattress is comfortable to sleep on. 8. Petrol is dangerous to set fire to. 9. Roast beef is nice to eat. 10.New countries are often exciting to go to. 11.The main road was busy to cross. 12.The twins are alike to look at. 13.One patch of ground was damp to walk on. 14.The music was gay to listen to. b) 1. / 2. It was easy to follow… 3. It was amusing to watch… 4. It is useful to have… 5. It is complicated to fill in… 6. It is difficult ti burn… 7. It is comfortable to sleep on… 8. It is dangerous to set fire to… 9. It is nice to eat… 10.It is often exciting to go to… 11. / 12. / 13. / 14. / Ex. 20B 1. I was sorry to learn… 2. You will be sad to hear… 3. They would be very surprised to receive… 4. She is happy to have found… 5. I was afraid to go…

6. Bob was pleased to hear… 7. I am very anxious to meet you. 8. We were delighted to receive your telegram. 9. You were sensible to stay indoors. 10. The clerk was prompt to answer the call. 11. This rule is easy to remember. 12. We are reluctant to leave this neighbourhood. 13. Our house is difficult to heat. 14. Are you ready to leave? 15. You would be foolish to go out in this weather. 16. John is quick to see the point. 17. He is very keen to get on. 18. We are proud to have him as a friend. 19. I was rude not to answer your letter. 20. We are happy to have you with us this evening. Ex. 20C 1. His decision to resign surprised all of us. 2. He showed no inclination to leave. 3. Her resolution never to marry baffled all offers of love. 4. The City Council approved the proposal to build a new dam on the river. 5. Their readiness to accept the peace arrangement really surprised the diplomatic world. 6. He refused the invitation to write another article on the subject. 7. The people of a country should have the freedom to choose their own social system. 8. There is no need for you to start so early. 9. I am not under the obligation to render him any financial support. 10. They have the ability to wage biological warfare. 11. He is not a man to be frightened by the threat of war. 12. There are plans to be made at once. 13. This is a day never to be forgotten. 14. Give me the names of the people to contact. 15. The next train to arrive is from Edinburgh. 16. The last problem to be considered at our next meeting is how to invest the money. 17. Was Cortes the first European ever to see the Pacific Ocean? 18. The best man to see for your eye trouble is the professor of ophthalmology. 19. The way to get into the building is to slip in through the kitchen. 20. The first man to fly non-stop across the Atlantic was John Alcock. Ex. 20D 1. Environmental pollution is a hard problem to be coped with. 2. There is no time to lose. We must start at once. 3. This is an infectious disease to be wiped out in a few years. 4. There was no sound to be heard. 5. I‘ve spent two days here. There is nothing to see. 6. This is a good book in which there is much to be learnt. 7. This is an item of information not to say to any other prople. 8. This is a difficult question to answer. 9. At the sound of footsteps outside the window, I stole out of the room, but there was nothing to be seen. 10. He is a man to be reckoned with. 11. She was firm in her refusal to accept his offer of marriage. 12. I have accepted the invitation to go to their school for an exchange of experience. 13. I need a box to hold the chessmen. 14. What is there to be proud of? 15. He always thinks that the bed is a good place to read detective stories. 16. Every day I have a lot of question to consider. 17. The only way to deal with her is not to give an inch. 18. She is not a woman to be trifled with. 19. My brother was the third person to be interviewed. 20. You have left me very little to say. Ex. 20E 1. …supposed her to be a widow. 2. …felt the plan to be unwise. 3. …admit him to be a genius. 4. …declared the book to be obscene. 5. …found the overhead projector to be invaluable as a teaching aid. 6. …thought the film to be highly original. 7. …considered the speaker to have overstated his case. 8. …showed the man‘s alibi to be a complete fabrication. 9. …assumed the construction of such a building to be impracticable whereas…believed it

to be perfectly feasible. 10. …revealed himself to be a master of the keyboard. 11. …knew him to be a man of integrity. 12. …discovered £20,000 worth of precious stones to be missing. 13. …thought it to be impossible,… 14. …understands it to be impossible… 15. …acknowledge many of their predictions to have been over-optimistic. 16. …that their informant was reliable. 17. …that the situation is now under control. 18. …that it was unlikely… 19. …that it was cruel… 20. …that what he said was based on fact. 21. …that it was likely… 22. …that his long-term optimism was justified. 23. …that his party has little chance of… 24. …that the ascent had taken nearly five and a half hours. 25. …that his evidence had been perjured. 26. …that earlier theories were incorrect. 27. …the gain in reserves was / has been… 28. …knowing that they had been stolen. 29. …that their candidate was unacceptable to them. 30. …that its implementation was desirable. 新编英语语法教程 第 21 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 21A 1. going 2. to murder 3. putting 4. to explain, to understand, to say 5. going 6. wondering, going 7. being 8. biting 9. going, to appreciate, to start 10. working, spending 11. to learn, saying 12. to put, to prevent, climbing 13. seeing 14. telling 15. staying 16. being 17. getting 18. to build 19. wanting, to help 20. doing 21. paying 22. needing 23. waiting 24. to understand 25. writing 26. pooh-poohing 27. having seen 28. seeing 29. writing 30. correcting 31. flying, to come, to go, go, flying 32. shopping 33. making 34. to take 35. selling 36. to eat, trying 37. calling, letting, decide 38. travelling, standing / to stand, queuing, waiting, to go 39. keeping, to fill, asking, to keep, making 40. smoking, to risk, setting, smoke Ex. 21B 1. to solve 2. to meet 3. receiving / having received 4. seeing / having seen 5. him / his saying / having said 6. to have 7. to close down 8. receiving / having received 9. to be 10. not to understand 11. my trying 12. actually promising 13. the Government setting up 14. there being 15. to resign 16. to do 17. being 18. never to follow 19. to look into 20. to know 21. his being 22. him / his ever agreeing 23. having made 24. to have read 25. putting people out of work Ex. 21C 1. into believing 2. from going 3. into obeying 4. out of telling 5. into admitting 6. into giving up 7. into doing 8. out of marrying 9. from having to 10. from speaking 11. from doing 12. from going 13. into doing 14. into giving 15. into thinking 16. into believing 17. into accepting 18. from losing 19. about leaving 20. from attending 21. on making 22. of driving 23. against keeping 24. into taking 25. into buying 26. from being 27. from giving 28. from attending 29. into buying 30. to travelling 31. from being burnt 32. about starting 33. for playing 34. with obstructing 35. of obstructing 36. for having 37. into paying 38. out of going 39. from taking 40. from taking up Ex. 21D 1. spending, earning 2. smoking 3. hitting 4. to do / doing 5. to be looked into 6. watching 7. taking 8. putting 9. lying / to lie, staring / to stare 10. to help, (to) prepare, holding 11. telling 12. to double / doubling 13. to get 14. to understand 15. to remind, watering / to be watered 16. being, to apologize 17. working, to age, lose 18. hearing, say, cutting / to be cut 19. cooking, washing, sweeping, cleaning 20. to risk, getting 21. to drink 22. working 23. acting, to see, wearing, reciting 24. trying, to make 25. pressing / to be pressed 26. to give 27. to mention 28. to tell 29. to wait, deciding, to accept 30. arriving 31. to think 32. practising 33. knitting 34. pretending 35. being, attempting, to learn, skiing 36. spelling, being 37. your wanting, to help, to practise, doing 38. my saying, giving, to spell 39. allowing, to play, asking 40. him to start, taking Ex. 21E 1. a. He ought to be shot first. b. He deserves to be the first who will shoot. 2. a. That boy ought to be watched. b. That boy wants to see what is happening. 3. a. I paid the bill, and remember having done so. b. I remembered that I had to pay the bill, so I paid it. 4. a. The man experimented by turing the key another way.

b. The man made an attempt to turn the key another way. 5. a. I told you that David stole the money and regret having done so. b. I have to tell you that David stole the money, and I‘m sorry I must do so. 6. a. When did they stop working? b. When did they leave some place in order to work. 7. a. I put it there, but I‘ve quite forgotten what I did. b. It hasn‘t occurred to me that I should put it there. 8. a. I cannot but apologize. b. I can‘t help him to apologize for his wrong doing. 9. a. We won‘t build the dam any longer. b. We‘ll stop something else and begin to build the dam. 10. a. The meaning of revolution is the liberation of the productive forces. b. They intended to liberate the productive forces. Ex. 21F 1. He is to study mathematics. makes me study; lets me study; had better study 2. I happened to meet him. avoided meeting; postponed meeting; insisted on meeting 3. Do you dare to go hom alone? mind going; persist in going; object to going 4. He promised to calculate how much it might cost. suggested calculating; is used to calculating; succeeded in calculating 5. I should like to have played with trains as a child. remember playing; deny having played; missed playing 6. He is learning to play chess. knows how to play; spends time playing; would rather play 7. The retired boxer means to buy a public house. suggests buying; thinks he will buy; had better buy 8. The harbour master thinks that the boat will arrive early. wants the boat to arrive; will allow the boat to arrive; prefers the boat to arrive 9. He has decided to eat a ham sandwich. feels like eating; had finished eating; enjoys eating 10. He seldom suggests sending news to his brother abroad. fails to send; forgets to send; troubles to send 11. I regret that I am late. apologize for being; cannot help being; prefer to be 12. I long to ski through the forest. am looking forward to skiing; enjoy skiing; imagine myself skiing 新编英语语法教程 第 22 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 22A 1. sunken 2. molten 3. lighted or burning 4. rotten 5. shrunk 6. bounden 7. blessed 8. Drunken 9. shaved, well-shaven, shaving 10. bent 11. blessed 12. binding 13. bound 14. drunk 15. lighted 16. molten 17. melted 18. rotting, rotted 19. rotten 20. sunken, sunk Ex. 22B 1. charming 2. troubling 3. increased 4. suggested 5. encouraging 6. attempted 7. fallen 8. widened 9. burned / burnt 10. loaded 11. raging 12. approaching 13. signed 14. returned 15. refreshing 16. navigating 17. shackled 18. paid, specified 19. furnished 20. terrifying 21. adopted 22. standing 23. crowded 24. surprising 25. perfumed Ex. 22C 1. (to be) brought 2. said 3. to keep 4. to do 5. mixed up 6. laughing 7. come 8. stealing 9. visaed 10. to finish up 11. going 12. thinking 13. sent 14. drink 15. known 16. to settle 17. sitting 18. left standing 19. unsaid 20. to be desired 21. doubting 22. to be 23. working 24. informed 25. gone 26. weighing 27. taken off 28. grow 29. criticized 30. talking / talk 31. spring up 32. lying 33. knocked down, driving 34. doing 35. crossed out 36. paid 37. said 38. shouting 39. understand 40. said Ex. 22D 1. … Eurydice was bitten in the heel by a snake. 2. … her foot was caught by a rug and she fell. 3. … a notice pinned to the door by a knife. 4. …?Beware‘written in large letters. 5. … you should never point it at anyone. 6. … you must take care not to damage the roots. 7. … the dog was led out of the room. 8. … After I have paid my taxes, … 9. … the boat was being tossed up and down by the sea. 10. … tree uprooted by the gale.

11. … He was cleaning his gun when it went off unexpectedly. 12. … As she was wondering where to go, … 13. … I was knocked over by a bike. 14. … I saw a long streamer towed behind the aeroplane, marked ?Vote for Jones‘. 15. … Since he has been weakened by his last illness, … 16. … I suddenly thought of an idea. 17. When I was dropped by parachute, … 18. When a woman is depressed, a new hat will make her feel happier. 19. … he suddenly saw an old man starting to across in front of him. 20. … I felt a taxi was a welcome sight 新编英语语法教程 第 23 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 23A 1. favourable 2. plentiful 3. momentous 4. hurried 5. valuable 6. thoughtful 7. mischievous 8. spiced 9. dependable 10. restful 11. disastrous 12. packaged 13. breakable 14. mournful 15. courteous 16. fenced 17. laughable 18. forgetful 19. dangerous 20. lined 21. preferable 22. powerful 23. mountainous 24. striped 25. lovable 26. doubtful 27. mysterious 28. coloured 29. agreeable 30. truthful 31. melodious 32. detailed 33. noticeable 34. hopeful 35. courageous 36. different 37. patient 38. independent 39. important 40. urgent Ex. 23B 1. well-read 2. well-beahved 3. over-cautious 4. well-equipped 5. overloaded 6. well-trained 7. tear-filled 8. storm-battered 9. Fur-lined 10. well-worm 11. over-excited 12. well-informed 13. horse-drawn 14. well-developed 15. ink-stained 16. hard-topped 17. smoke-filled 18. snow-covered 19. Blue-eyed 20. grief-stricken Ex. 23C 1. This is a piece of very alarming news. 2. That was a most astonishing story. 3. They are well-behaved children. 4. There were many bored faces in the room. 5. Don‘t play with the burning candle. 6. This is a very ebcouraging report. 7. This will be a lasting agreement. 8. We have a limited supply of fuel. 9. Those are reserved seats. 10. This lawyer has a number of very satisfied clients. 11. That was a totally unexpected result. 12. These are very worrying circumstances. 13. The writer made his point with terrifying emphasis. 14. Sheila is the adopted daughter of a well-known writer. 15. He gave a boring lecture. Ex. 23D 1. beautiful long hair 2. a lovely green hilly slope 3. the unusual new Chinese restaurant 4. the cloudy gray morning sky 5. a very large steel bridge 6. three very healthy, intelligent children / three healthy, very intelligent children 7. new black oak furniture 8. the first ten cardboard boxes 9. a very important political speech 10. Twenty original African wood carvings 11. a rather fascinating electronic device 12. My brother‘s first long public concert 13. A really beautiful pale pink sunset 14. a rather difficult Indian language 15. that big, new classical-style house 16. delicious white French wine / delicious French white wine 17. my large black Japanese car 18. three very comfortable dark blue chairs 19. many huge industrial buildings 20. a small modern agricultural laboratory Ex. 23E 1. The Countess was amused at… 2. He was annoyed at the way… 3. Everybody was astonished at… 4. He was obviously not bothered with… 5. He was not contented with… 6. The Countess, however, eas delighted with… 7. I am not disappointed in / with you.

8. Don‘t get excited by… 9. He was fascinated by… 10. He was already interested in… 11. The Countess was very pleased with… 12. She was completely satisfied with… 13. … she had been shocked by… 14. His old father would have been surprised at… 15. Now, his father would not have been worried about… Ex. 23F 1. We are adamant that you should resign. 2. We are afraid that you have… 3. I‘m ashamed that you should have behaved… 4. I an certain that there will be… 5. We are concerned that you should feel… 6. It is curious that you should say… 7. We‘re delighted that you see… 8. It is essential that you should have… 9. The Captain is furious that you (should have) revealed… 10. We feel greatly honoured that you (should) have received us… 11. Everyone is insistent that we should prolong… 12. We are greatly relieved that we shall have… 13. I‘m not sure yet that I‘ll be able to come… 14. Is it true (that) you should said that? 15. I‘m surprised (that) you don‘t know… 新编英语语法教程 第 24 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 24A 1. scientifically explored / explored scientifically 2. Scientifically, the argument was absurd / … was absurd scientifically. 3. I simply do not understand you. 4. … if I speak simply. 5. He made me thoroughly angyr. 6. … have thoroughly studied… / studied this chapter thoroughly. 7. … much appreciate… 8. … very much appreciate it / appreciate it very much. 9. Honestly, I mean what I say / I honestly mean… / I mean honestly… 10. …always writes to me honestly. 11. …answer the question generally. 12. Generally, these questions are not… / … can generally … / …answer most of them generally. 13. …to apply pratically. 14. …are pratically impossible to … 15. This is hardly my business / This hardly is… 16. I can hardly hear you. 17. I can just hear you. 18. …is only for your ears / … is for your ears only. 19. …for your ears alone. 20. Will you kindly come this way? 21. …spoke to her kindly. 22. I also spoke to her mother. / I spoke also… / Also, I spoke… 23. I spoke to her mother as well. 24. The house badly needs repainting / …repainting badly. 25. …painted it badly. 26. …badly painted / …painted badly. 27. …live economically. 28. Somehow we have to manage / We have to manage somehow. 29. Sometimes we feel disheartened / …feel disheartened sometimes / We sometimes feel… 30. We shall never surrender. Ex. 24B 1. clean 2. clean 3. cleanly 4. clearly 5. clear 6. close 7. closely 8. direct 9. directly, direct 10. directly 11. free 12. freely 13. hard 14. hardly 15. highly 16. high 17. high 18. mostly 19. most 20. late 21. lately 22. prettily 23. pretty 24. prettily 25. pretty 26. right 27. right 28. rightly 29. wide 30. widely 31. deadly 32. dead 33. easily 34. easy 35. easy 36. fair 37. fairly 38. firmly 39. firm 40. firmly Ex. 24C 1. lately 2. shortly 3. mostly 4. first 5. last 6. largely 7. pretty 8. easy 9. clean 10. quickly 11. late 12. hard 13. quickly 14. rightly 15. closely 16. wrong 17. right 18. slow / slowly 19. sharply 20. direct 21. near 22. fine 23. sharp 24. hardly 25. loosely 26. clearly 27. Sure 28. easily 29. surely 30.

highly Ex. 24D 1. …farther than Hart. 2. …further. 3. …somewhat better today. 4. He felt rather tired… 5. …almost ready; …nearly finished. 6. He was so much overwrought… 7. The smartly dressed women… 8. No sooner had he… / Hardly … when he… 9. …anywhere in the room. 10. He told Smith to come to the point immediately / to immediately come to the point. 11. Lately the son has been staying out late. 12. …close to me. 13. …highly respected. 14. / 15. …slowly opened the door. 16. …close to his chest and then hit the ball high in the air. 17. Sit tight… 18. …it is really hard to say which is worse. 19. Bonds has almost the easiest swing… 20. The purpose of the investigation only became clear when… 新编英语语法教程 第 25 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 25A 1. more brightly 2. cooler 3. coldest 4. deepest 5. higher, highest 6. more seriously 7. bigger, highest 8. softer, softest 9. harder 10. harder, hardest 11. earlier 12. hotter, hottest 13. lighter 14. youngest, the youngest 15. swiftest 16. nearer, nearest 17. more lovely, the most lovely 18. most convenient 19. the most silly 20. the most crowded Ex. 25B 1. as nervous as 2. as fast as 3. more interesting than 4. smoothly than 5. the most annoying 6. faster than 7. the nicest 8. higher than 9. the nicer 10. more tolerant than 11. more relaxed 12. the most sensible 13. earlier than 14. as sweet as 15. unhappier than 16. denser than 17. the thickest 18. darker than 19. the funniest 20. more dangerous Ex. 25C 1. as nice as 2. cooler than 3. more exciting than 4. as interested in fishing as 5. longer than 6. as far to the mountain camp as 7. rougher 8. more careful 9. more expensive than 10. as cheap as 11. cheaper than 12. less modern than 13. as comfortable as 14. more concerned about saving money than 15. better than Ex. 25D (1) than (2) as (3) as (4) so (5) as (6) the (7) the (8) the sooner (9) as (10) as (11) than (12) as (13) as (14) than Ex. 25E 1. not so near as / farther than 2. not so beautiful / uglier than 3. not so ugly as / prettier than 4. not so light as / heavier than 5. not so strong as / weaker than 6. not so cheap as / dearer than 7. not so short as / longer than 8. not so low as / higher (taller) than 9. not so wide as / narrower than 10. not so heavy as / lighter than 11. not so smooth as / rougher than 12. not so young as / older than 13. not so pround as / more modest than 14. not so interesting as / duller (more boring) than 15. not so obstinate as / more obedient than 16. not so sophisticated as / more naive than (simpler than) 17. not so well off / worse off 18. not so shallow as / deeper than 19. not so intelligent as / duller (stupider) than 20. not so economical as / more extravagant than Ex. 25F 1. 他不是画家,也不是作家。 2. 本学期我写的报告不下五篇。 3. 张先生并不比李先生聪明(他俩一样笨) 。 4. 与其说我把他看成老师,不如说我把他当做朋友。 5. 他十有八九会失败。 6. 与其说海洋把世界分隔开来,不如说海洋把世界连接起来。 7. 这是一次奇妙的交谈,与其说是辩论,不如说是两个好斗的人之间的一次争吵。 8. 与其说约翰谨慎,不如说他谦虚。 9. 那地方景色之美非我所能形容。 10. 我对她的演奏感到十二分满意。 11. 这件事正如我希望的那样是一大成功。 12. 这门课程对于学生来说既重要又难学。 13. 史密斯太太既有耐心又通情达理。 14. 我们都听说那是一座伟大的水坝,是世界上最现代化的水坝之一。

15. 这间屋与那间屋一样明亮。 16. 在这里我和他有一样多的朋友。 17. 他和他妻子同样有罪。 18. 那不是工人们所能忍受的。 19. 他比他兄弟更有学者风度。 20. 他不是像我原先所想的那样愚蠢。 Ex.25G 1. I can tell you a much funnier story than that. 2. Dick‘s behaviour is more courteous than Bob‘s. 3. Jones teaches in a much more friendly way than Johnso. 4. He is as good a worker as John. 5. He is a more efficient worker than John. 6. I think Mary is the nicer of the two. 7. George did more work than anyone else. 8. We can let you have you as many copies as you need. 9. He can‘t carry parcels as heavy as three. 10. It was as much of a success as I expected. 11. A whale is not a fish any more than a horse is . 12. He is no more fond of playing chess than you are. 13. Paper tiger is not half so fierce as it is painted. 14. There are monkeys more intelligent than Herbert. 15. This room is three times larger than that one. / This room is three times as large as that one. 新编英语语法教程 第 26 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 26A 1. with 2. at 3. to 4. to 5. in 6. at 7. at 8. for 9. with 10. with 11. at 12. to 13. in 14. of 15. in 16. for 17. from 18. of 19. for 20. to 21. of 22. of 23. to 24. with 25. from 26. with 27. about 28. with 29. by 30. from 31. of 32. at 33. about 34. at 35. in 36. for 37. of 38. to 39. for 40. of 41. to 42. of 43. for 44. with 45. of 46. about 47. of 48. to 49. of 50. to Ex. 26B 1. to 2. with 3. to 4. from 5. about 6. on 7. on 8. for 9. to 10. on 11. at 12. of 13. at 14. with 15. from 16. of 17. on 18. from 19. on 20. for 21. to 22. into 23. to 24. from 25. for 26. through 27. on 28. over 29. to 30. on 31. for 32. with 33. of 34. to 35. against 36. in 37. in 38. to 39. of 40. on 41. of 42. from 43. for 44. on 45. into 46. of 47. by 48. with 49. at 50. of EX. 26C 1. with 2. on 3. under 4. to 5. with 6. on 7. to 8. on 9. for 10. for 11. for 12. with 13. of 14. for 15. with 16. on 17. on 18. to 19. with 20. with 21. for 22. to 23. to 24. on 25. to 26. against 27. with 28. to 29. with 30. on 31. at 32. to 33. in 34. on 35. with 36. on 37. to 38. to 39. on 40. for Ex. 26D 1. for 2. for 3. in 4. with 5. in 6. of 7. in 8. of 9. of 10. for 11. on 12. of 13. to 14. for 15. about 16. of 17. to 18. from 19. to 20. for 21. for 22. for 23. from 24. with 25. on 26. of 27. to 28. for 29. to 30. of 31. in 32. on 33. of 34. for 35. in 36. from 37. between 38. for 39. to 40. to 41. for 42. of 43. to 44. to 45. to 46. for, to 47. on, against 48. to 49. for 50. for Ex. 26E 1. by, by 2. in 3. In, in 4. in 5. in 6. In 7. In, on, for 8. by, in 9. With, in 10. in 11. by 12. in, in 13. to 14. on 15. on 16. above / beyond 17. of 18. under 19. in 20. in 21. To 22. in 23. at 24. at 25. in 26. on 27. to 28. by 29. At 30. To 31. of 32. at 33. of 34. To 35. on 36. at 37. On 38. to 39. In 40. in 41. with 42. to 43. at, at 44. from, with, for, under / of, till 45. By 46. to 47. at 48. For 49. at 50. for Ex. 26F 1-5 ACBDC 6-10 DBABD 11-15 AADAC 16-20 DBABB 21-25 BDACA Ex. 26G 1. They are to go to South America by way of the United States. 2. The apy caught lase week was in the pay of a foreign secret agency. 3. In the wake of the guide, I climbed and climbed and finally we got to the top of the mountain. 4. Ted was absent from the meeting on the score of illness. 5. Owing to the financial crisis, millions of people were living on the verge of starvation. 6. A nation must be masters of themselves instead of living at the mercy of fate. 7. We shouldn‘t promote economic growth at the expense of the environment.

8. Our schools are open to all irrespective of race, color or creed. 9. She is bent on buying an expensive car regardless of the cost. 10. We must develop our economy in line with the principle of self-reliance. 11. We must not contaminate the environment on the pretence of developing industry. 12. My neighbour Old Tom lived entirely alone, apart from a big black cat named Blackie and a big black dog called Boris. 13. Previous to the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japan in 1937, China‘s four north-eastern provinces had been under the Japanese occupation for 6 years. 14. Liu Shao-qi believed that all he did was in the interests of the Chinese people. 15. We must always be on the watch for the enemy‘s subversive activities. 16. There were still doubts on the part of the police. 17. Owing to the financial crisis, that country‘s economy was on the brink of bankruptcy. 18. In the event of a financial crisis, the common people will suffer a lot of from inflation and unemployment. 19. The ship was sailing full steam in the teeth of a strong wind. 20. He decided to retire ahead of time on the ground of illhealth. Ex. 26H 1. Despite their menacing appearance, most reptiles aren‘t really vicious… 2. We were obliged to rest, because of the intense heat. 3. I must remind you of your responsibility towards your friends. 4. In spite of the clear scientific evidence, people still refused to… 5. Thanks to the invention of urethane wheels, today‘s skateboarding knows no limits. 6. No one told me of these problems. 7. On account of his knowledge of the mountainous country, Charles Lee was appointed as our guide. 8. For all his immense fortune, he died a most unhappy man. 9. No one is sorry about Simmons‘ resignation. 10. With all your huge secretarial staff, it still seems to take you a week to… 11. Many of the war prisoners died on the march either from starvation or from severe wounds. 12. I assure you of my willingness to stand down. 13. I think the chief let us go simply out of sympathy with us in our plight. 14. There are criminals who will commit murder for money. 15. She was obliged to wear thick, high boots for fear of poisonous snakes. 16. But for Wallis, we would have lost the match. 17. The proposal concerning child health was rejected. 18. Since the receipt of the news, everybody has been happy. 19. He worked very well, to the astonishment of every one of us. 20. Every precaution was taken against the failure of the plan. 新编英语语法教程 第 27 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 27A 1. You‘re an American, I suppose. 2. I‘m afraid she… 3. …tea, if you please. 4. …some help, if I‘m not mistaken. 5. …man, if I might say so. 6. …open, if you don‘t mind. 7. I‘m sorry to say you… 8. I suspect no less than… 9. I guess you… 10. …yet, if I‘m not mistaken. 11. …chimney, he does. 12. Without any question the rogue… 13. Never have I seen… 14. I was indeed very glad to… 15. He will certainly give… 16. I‘m not at all interested… 17. … no doubt whatever about it. 18. I‘ll be hanged if that‘s true. 19. You won‘t catch him smoking again. 20. Not a single soul was seen… Ex. 27B 1. I never have much to do in the morning. 2. …have not finished it yer. 3. I have not much to do in the morning either. 4. His wife didn‘t ever make him any curry. 5. I didn‘t tell anybody anything. 6. We have not enough evidence yet. 7. There isn‘t anybody doing research in this field. 8. Smoking has not anything…

9. …didn‘t produce skin cancer on any of them. 10. This doesn‘t apply to any of the people here yet. 11. …hasn‘t revealed anything of importance. 12. It does not help us at all in our daily work either. 13. We need not / don‘t have to go far to find anyone… 14. …is not yet living at this address. 15. He has not been away very long. 16. …cannot find anywhere… 17. …hasn‘t ever given me any… 18. There are not many people…yet. 19. I cannot understand either of… 20. I cannot understand any of… Ex. 27C 2. a) All the people were not at work. (ie Everyone was absent.) b) Not all the people were at work. (ie Not everyone was there. Some were at work; some not.) 3. a) Everyone here doesn‘t agree with you. (ie All the people here disagree.) b) Not everyone here agrees with you. (ie Some of the people here agree with you; some not.) 4. a) Much of the food was not bad. (ie Most of the food was good; only a small portion was bad.) b) Not much of the food was bad. (ie Only a small portion was bad.) 5. a) One of the runners did not hear the starting pistol. (ie Only one of them didn‘t hear; the others did.) b) Not one of the runners heard the starting pistol. (ie None heard.) 6. a) Another reason for the delay was not given. (ie There was another reason for the delay, but it was not given.) b) No other reason for the delay was given. (ie There was only one reason for the delay.) 7. a) A little of the money was not spent on this project. (ie Most of the money was spent on this project; only a little was not.) b) Little of the money was spent on this project. (ie Almost no money was spent on this project.) 8. a) A few of you will not have heard the warning. (ie Most of you, I suppose, have heard the warning.) b) Few of you will have heard the warning. (ie Most of you, I suppose, have not heard the warning.) 9. a) Half of the work has not yet been completed. (ie Only half of the work was done.) b) Not half of the work has already been completed. (ie Only a small portion of the work was done.) 10. a) The least of our problems has not been solved. (ie Almost no problem was solved.) b) Not the least of our problems has been solved. (ie A good number of our problems have been solved.) Ex. 27D 1. What was sprayed over the area? 2. Who wrote an account of the fire? 3. What did he write? 4. What did he write an account of? 5. Where did the fire start? 6. How did it burn? 7. How long did ir burn? 8. When and where did that happen? 9. Whose account of the fire is the best? 10. How often did fires break out during the war? 11. How many people were killed on the roads yesterday? 12. How much rain fell last night? 13. How far is it from here to the station? 14. How long will it take me to get there by car? 15. During which century was this castle built? 16. Why / For what purpose was the Aswan Dam built? 17. Why have you not yet finished it? 18. Who did an idea occur to while Benjamin Hall was speaking? 19. What do you believe he wants to do? 20. What should we do it if we haven‘t renewed our licence? Ex. 27E 1. doesn‘t she / (hasn‘t she) 2. usedn‘t he / didn‘t he 3. wouldn‘t you 4. isn‘t it 5. mayn‘y we 6. didn‘t you 7. mustn‘t I 8. could you 9. don‘t they 10. doesn‘t he 11. don‘t you 12. oughtn‘t we / shouldn‘t we 13. didn‘t you 14. wouldn‘t she 15. mustn‘t you / haven‘t you 16. doesn‘t it 17. would he 18. wasn‘t he 19. doesn‘t he 20. need I 21. haven‘t you / don‘t you 22. should he 23. mustn‘t they / didn‘t they 24. wouldn‘t you 25. aren‘t they 26. is there 27. will it 28. can it 29. did they 30. will there 31. will they / won‘t they 32. won‘t it 33. didn‘t you 34. aren‘t I 35. mustn‘t you / aren‘t you 36. don‘t you 37. do they 38. can‘t they 39. would you / will you 40. will you / would you 41. have you 42. can one / can you 43. don‘t you 44.

didn‘t they 45. wouldn‘t he 46. would he 50. shall we Ex. 27F (略) 新编英语语法教程 第 28 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 28A

47. have we

48. will you

49. does he

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Ex. 28B 1. there to be 2. there being 3. there to be 4. there being 5. there to be 6. there to be 7. There being 8. there being 9. there to be 10. there to be Ex. 28C 1. On the top of the hill there stood / there was… 2. There will be / will come a time when… 3. Mary didn‘t agree about there being no need for… 4. Were you disappointed at there not having been… 5. John asked for there to be… 6. There was a cow crossing… 7. There is no plant that doesn‘t need… 8. We don‘t want there to be any disturbance. 9. There being an index to this book is… 10. I‘m surprised at there not being an index / being no index. 11. We have no objection to there being a meeting here. 12. It‘s impossible for there to be … For there to be… 13. It‘s not uncommon for there to be… / For there to be… 14. There‘s an important message just being decoded. / There is just being decoded… 15. There were quite a number of…jewels stolen. 16. There was expected to be… 17. There is / are believed to be… 18. There was a meeting about the new building yesterday. 19. There have been three accidents at… 20. There‘s a lawn that extends… 21. There is said to be trouble on… 22. I can just remember the trouble there was about it a year ago. 23. There will be people anxious that… 24. There seems to be a widespread change… 25. There was a day when it rained… 新编英语语法教程 第 29 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 29A 1. It is possible that the Joneses will come to the party as well. 2. It doesn‘t matter very much whether they will come or not. 3. It is quite likely that he will let you down. 4. It seems that you have taken a dislike to him. 5. It happens that I have had some nasty experiences in dealing with him. 6. It was rather complicated getting the car on the boat. 7. It would be a good idea to get up a petition. / I think it a good idea to get up a petition. 8. It is a great pleasure to be here with you this morning. 9. It was so kind of you to invite us. 10. It doesn‘t matter in the least what you say. 11. It is / remains a mystery how he came to have such a valuable painting. 12. It is regretted that you should feel obliged to resign at this point. 13. It would be pity to spoil such a fine drawing. 14. It makes me feel sad seeing you sitting here all alone. 15. Is it very dull living here?/ do you find it very dull living here? 16. It is impossible for me to forgive him. 17. It was not known whether there was gold left in the mine. 18. It looks as if the park is very small. 19. It seems as though our plan is perfect. 20. It was clearly indicated that he didn‘t want to speak to me.

There was a ready… There‘a man sitting… There was a student who came… There‘s another student (that) I ought to see. There‘s at least one book … in our library. There‘ll be a good film on… There‘s certain to be trouble… There were several trains coming… There were things called firesquirts used… Is there anyone waiting… There were people who believed that… There was an old cellar with a thick flint wall… There was a boy named George Sampeter sitting… There were monkeys under the trees, … There was a strange caller yesterday who… There is likely to be… There should be… There must have been a mistake… There are several thousand little islands in the Maldives. There was a bolt on my front door…

Ex. 29B 1. It gets dark early in winter. 2. Its no use asking her. She doesn‘t know anything. 3. Its two miles to the station from here. 4. Have you seen it hail? 5. We leave it to you to decide what must be done. 6. It is said that the spy slipped arsenic into his tea. 7. It‘s a pity (that) you missed that concert. 8. It looks as if he were very afraid. 9. It is no use crying over spilt milk. 10. It was several months before we met again. Ex. 29C

1. 迟早我要跟他说个明白。 2. 误了末班车,我们只好步行回家。 3. 再做那件事,你就要受到责罚。 4. 在这种天气登山,你一定会吃苦 头。5. 桥梁被冲毁,除泅渡外别无他法。6. 那是没有办法的事。7. 如果犯了法,你是逃脱不了(罪责)的。 8.只是为了好玩,我们才决定半夜去游泳。9.如果动身早,我们能够 赶到。10. 是去是留,他难以决断。11.我痛骂他一顿。 12. 走开, 这不是聊天的时候。 13. 总统乘坐美国直升飞机溜之大吉。 14. 他们吵了架,但很快又言归于好。 15.如果你要换衣服,请快点,我们随时都会动身。 16.窃贼离开后几 分钟,他才镇定下来,叫了警察。 17.在经济危机中通常都是小商人 蒙受损失。 18. 他很少发言,但是一开口就讲错话。 19.任何一个国 家都不应骑在别国头上称王称霸。 20. 因而我们决定,在晴天的夜晚,我们露宿,而在雨天,我们就住 旅馆,住客栈,住酒店。 Ex. 29D 2. …It was his wife that the man treated viciously. 3. …It is only for three months that she has been studying French. 4. …It was to London that Tom went on Tuesday. 5. … It is green that he has painted the windows. 6. …What he is determined to do is (to) pass the test. 7. …What he will be doing is flying to Moscow. 8. … It was the machine that he could not repair. 9. … It was from Henry that John bought the car. 10…It was by a man carrying a copy of The Times that we were met at the station. 11. …It was at the price that he was surprised. 12. …It was monitor of the class that the students elected him. 13. … It was because he‘d never had the opportunity that John hadn‘t yet learned to drive. 14. …It was Henry that I met in New York. 15. …What I did was (to) tell her the sad news.
新编英语语法教程 第 30 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 30A

1. Brain locked the door and went to a nearby pub. 2. Tom speaks Chinese fluently but can‘t write in it. 3. On Friday afternoon the students study current events, or have League meetings if there‘s nothing special to study. 4. Ruel and Cameron went into the forest and collected a lot of insect specimens. 5. On his way up the hill Jack fell down and hurt his hands and knees, but Jimmy go to the top all right. 6. The girls decided to remain at home, for it was raining hard. / It was raining hard and the girls decided to remain at home. 7. They could not decide what to do and asked my advice. / They asked my advice, for they could not decide what to do. 8. For the first time I saw my father not as the giant of my childhood but simply as a lonely man. 9. Fewer blacks are leaving the rural South these days, not because farming has become more popular but because industry in moving in. 10. The four largest hotel companies in the United States are Hilton, Sheraton, Hyatt, and the fastest growing (hotel company) Western International. 11. Education is the largest ―industry‖ in the nation either in terms of dollars spent or in terms of people involved. 12. There is not only concision in these lines but also elegance. 13. Mr Fisher neither loves the environment, nor is he accustomed to the weather. 14. In the United States television has been called a source of information, a means of entertainment and, as its severest critics call it, a ―plug-in‖ drug. 15. For decades FBI agents wiretapped the phone of American citizens with the attorney general‘s approval but without warrants.
Ex. 30B 1. ; 9. , , Ex. 30C 2. , : 3. , , 10. , ; , 11. : 12. ; 4. / , 5. , , 13. : 14. ; 15. : 6. ; 7. / ; 8. , /

1. … but also instructive. 2. .. and inexpensive.

3. Both Mary and her

husband will do it. 4. / 5. … and carefully outlined. 6. …blue-eyed and partly gray-haired. 7. … carefully and to write a short review of it. 8. He is either an absolute piker… 9. He likes not only the girl but also the family. 10. … but also showing an interest in political questions. 11. … as well as one‘s / his intellectual self. 12. … nor can he compose. 13. He either needs/ needs either… 14. Neither Pauline nor her husband wanted to… 15. … neither with her own achievement nor with the team‘s performance. 16. …, nor drink alcohol, nor idle away his time. 17. .. with neither a definite volume nor a definite shape. 18. …, to use but one side of the paper, and to endorse our papers in the proper manner. 19. .. with neither a sales tax nor an income tax, a major attraction for tax-weary residents of other states. 20. The admen convince the reader not only that… 21. …, and he‘ll take a mile. 22. You should try and finish… 23. …, and moreover, he is an expert in translation. 24. …, he went and saw the doctor immediately. 25. …, and you‘ll get sick.
新编英语语法教程 第 31 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 31A

1. The film I saw yesterday was dull. 2. If/ Provided that the weather keeps fine, I see no reason why… 3. Because he didn‘t get up early enough, he missed the train. 4. A German whose acquaintance I made in Hamburg last year is coming to see me. 5. One of the students who were trapped in the cave has already been brought out. 6. Because/ As she spoke French rapidly, I couldn‘t understand her. 7. As any of these problems can be solved by ordinary intelligence and hard work, none of them are too difficult for us. 8. Because illness kept him away from school, he didn‘t get the prize. 9. The auditorium might be the place where I lost my pen. 10. As/ When/ Whenever he ate too little and worked too hard for weeks on end, he became ill. 11. When/ As he came out of the Conference Room, he was surrounded by reporters. 12. While my wife was…, I was trying to… 13. Unless you promise…, you shall not… 14. His mother waited up until he came home. 15. As/When/After/Because he had spoken for three hours, he had a sore throat.
Ex. 31B 1. whether 2. No matter what/ Whatever 3. While 4. as 5. If 6. Even if 7. Though 8. If 9. unless 10. so that 11. so that/ in order that 12. in that 13. As 14. because 15. how 16. as 17. Where(ver) 18. as if 19. Hardly / Scarcely / Barely… when; No sooner…than 20. Instantly Ex. 31C

1. He urged that I drive carefully. 2. He ordered that the men remain in camp. 3. She insisted that we go there on foot. 4. He asked that his sister cook dinner. 5. She requested that I telephone her family. 6. Grandmother urged that we bring the children for the summer. 7. He demanded that I answer all the questions. 8. Our parents insist that we come home by ten. 9. The doctor ordered that the nurses watch the patient carefully. 10. She insisted that we tell her the truth. 11. They requested that we sit down and have a cup of tea. 12. The hostess urged that we all stay for dinner. 13. The rules require that players wear tennis shoes… 14. The boss suggests that his secretary learn shorthand. 15. The policeman ordered that he men move on. 16. The union leader urged that the members accept the offer. 17. The general commanded that his troops advance into the town. 18. The real estate agent suggested that we sell the house. 19. The captain ordered that the crew abandon ship. 20. The editor insisted that we change the title of the book.

Ex. 31D 1. Before John came home, I had finished reading the newspaper. 2. While we were eating dinner, … 3. …when Harry entered. 4. Since I graduated from high school, … 5. Before I read that book, I must 6. After Johnny finished his homework, he… 7. Before I serve the dessert, you must … 8. Before I came to the United States, I had… 9. When I got to school yesterday, I found…

10. … since you moved away from the neighborhood? 11. I‘ll be busy shopping until the store… 12. While I‘m studying, I like to… 13. Where do you stay when you visit Washington? 14. While I‘m in this country to study, I hope to … 15. While the baby is napping, her mother has a chance to rest. 16. After the orchestra had played for several hours, the embassy… 17. … until he got his B.A. degree. 18. No sooner had the criminal found a shelter than he was… 19. … until the weather is dry in the summer. 20. I have been wearing glasses ever since I entered the university. Ex. 31E

1. … looks like, for I have never met him. 2. … simply because… 3. … because / for all the shops have closed. 4. … not because … but because… 5. It was simply because… 6. Since the weather… 7. Just because he was… 8. It must be early morning, because/ for the birds are singing. 9. … because he is poor? 10. Since the streets… 11. …when the telephone rang. 12. Just as we… 13. Melbourn slammed the door, so that he awakened his mother. 14. / 15. While in applied physics… 16. Sneer unkindly though you may… 17. … though it rain tomorrow. 18. … even though I prefer a bath. 19. Since/ As he was ill, … 20. Acceptable in informal style, but in formal style ―because‖ should be changed into ―that‖.
新编英语语法教程 第 32 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 32A 1. We went via Worcester so as to miss the traffic jam. 2. I haven‘t decided whether to answer his letter or not. 3. He opened his mouth wide as if to speak. 4. His work was so good as to make him internationally famous. 5. The man to consult is Wilson. 6. To hear him talk, you would think he was a celebrity. 7. She stood up to be seen better. 8. As we talked of where to meet, I noticed something unusual in his tone. 9. He was the first man to discuss the question with Professor Halliday. 10. My brother got up early in order to have enough time to pack. 11. Whether he had changed his mind about what to day I did not know. 12. Is he really a man to be trusted? 13. We consider the girl to be trustworthy. 14. We ask very citizen to watch closely any developments in this matter. 15. The place (for you) to stay is the Hilton. 16. David was miserable unless he had neighbours with whom to quarrel/ … neighbours to quarrel with. 17. Betty works too slowly to be much use to us. 18. I‘ll buy you some magazines to read on the journey. 19. We thought it wrong to punish him/ for him to be punished. 20. For a vote to be valid, the deputy must be present and vote in person. Ex. 32B 1. … too old to speak or hear. 2. … too fat (for me) to wear… 3. … too excited to think. 4. … too difficult (for me) to explain. 5. … too personal for Cyril to answer. 6. … too sour (for me) to eat. 7. … too empty-headed to earn a single thing. 8. … too dirty for them to see through. 9. … too badly broken to be mended. 10. … too deep for them to wade across. 11. … clear enough for you to see… 12. … strong enough to hold… 13. … too strong for him to swim against. 14. … too fat to tie up his own shoes. 15. … not good enough for me to marry. 16. … thirsty enough to drink a well dry. 17. You don‘t eat enough to keep… 18. … not enough beer for you all to have a drink. 19. … enough food left over to feed a dozen more people. 20. I haven‘t got enough wool to make… Ex. 32C a) 1. so that it should/ might look 2. so that there should be 3. so as not to get 4. so as not to leave 5. so that the room should look 6. so as to avoid 7. so as to have 8. so that we should not have 9. so as not have 10. So that I should not be 11. so that it should not get 12. so that it should be 13. so as not to get 14. so as to cover 15. so that my arms should not get 16. so as not to get 17. so that the brush should not get 18. so that it may/can be used 19. so that it shall not get 20. so as to use b) 1. so kind as to invite 2. so (that) I was 3. so happy that I danced 4. to get 5. so unfortunate as not to have 6. for the snow to be 7. so thick as to cover 8. cold enough to freeze 9. so (that) I had 10. so kind as to send 11. for it to arrive 12. too excited to untie 13. so (that) I cut 14. for me to wear Ex. 32D

1. Playing the piano is my favourite pastime. 2. Is it worth while doing

such experiments? 3. They insisted on holding a reception in our honour. 4. I have got used to doing this kind of work. 5. After booking the ticket, she began to pack her things. 6. Instead of criticizing him, we should praise him. 7. Have you any objection to carrying out this plan? 8. At the meeting he stressed the importance of following the mass line. 9. Rebuilding this canal has already brought many benefits to our national economy. 10. Seeing so many people before her, she felt very nervous. 11. Having lived in Sichuan for many years, I know that place very well. 12. Pointing at a new building, he said, ―This is our club.‖ 13. We began to knock at the door, thinking that was his home. 14. The river being too wide, we couldn‘t swim across. 15. Such being the case, I won‘t insist on your staying here. 16. The weather being so warm, someone suggested having the party in the open air. 17. Being so excited, he didn‘t know what to say. 18. She sat there silent, tears streaming down her cheeks. 19. When he got to the village, he found the girls picking cotton in the fields. 20. Yesterday afternoon the school master caught some pupils smoking cigarettes in the classroom. Ex. 32E 1. Anyone not hearing that noise must have been stone-deaf. 2. We were delayed by heavy trucks being loaded onto the ship. 3. Suddenly feeling dizzy, Mrs. Wilson sat down quickly. 4. Presents costing less than ten pounds in all may be imported duty-free. 5. Planning to buy a car, Mrs. Jay has opened a savings account. 6. Any dutiable articles not declared to the Customs will be liable to confiscation. 7. Having worked hard all day, I was ready for bed by eight o‘clock. 8. The man was accompanied by a porter weighing at least 160 kilos. 9. The castle, burnt in the sixteenth century, was never rebuilt. 10. Putting/Having put down my newspaper, I walked over to the window and looked out. 11. Used economically, one tin will last for at least six weeks. 12. Any driver not having a licence ought to be sent to jail right away. 13. It rained for two weeks on end, completely ruining our holiday. 14. Everybody, hearing the noise, jumped up in alarm. 15. Cars parked illegally were removed. 16. The men working on the site were in some danger. 17. At the station, we were met by a man carrying a copy of The Times. 18. Anyone providing information leading to the conviction of those responsible will receive a reward not exceeding £ 1000. 19. Living in the country, we had few amusements. 20. The British Museum has a right to one copy of any book appearing in Britain.
Ex. 32F 1. I hope to finish the paper by Saturday. 2. We think it strange for him to say a thing like that. 3. I showed them how to do it. 4. He is not the man to be trifled with. 5. He worked all night to get the job done in time. 6. He was believed to have been a reporter. 7. I can‘t understand him behaving so foolishly. 8. I don‘t remember you ever speaking on that subject. 9. Mary is the lady to vote for. 10. Ambushed and cornered, the enemy surrendered. 11. Spock‘s having pointed ears is intriguing. 12. will anyone wanting a ticket please apply to me? 13. While waiting at the dentist‘s, … 14. …, occurring, as it does, only once in many years. 15. We shall never make it without hurrying. 16. He felt ashamed of having done so little. 17. I can‘t imagine anything happening to him. 18. United, we stand; divided, we fall. 19. Exhausted, the children fell asleep at once. 20. Considered as…, … Ex. 32G

1. Knowing that he was poor, I offered… 2. Having barricaded the windows, we assembled… 3. Becoming tired of my complaints, she turned off… 4. Finding/ Having found no one at home, he left… 5. Hoping to find the will, she searched… 6. Having removed all traces of his crime, the criminal lef t… 7. Realizing that he had missed the last train, he began… 8. Exhausted by his work, he threw… 9. Having spent all his money, he decided… 10. Having escaped from prison, he looked… 11. Having heard the story before, she didn‘t want… 12. Having found the treasure, they began… 13. Entering the

room suddenly, she found… 14. Turning/ Having turned on the light, I was… 15. Having visited the museum, we decided… 16. Thinking we were lost, he offered… 17. Having found his revolver and loaded it, he sat… 18. Realizing/ Having realized that she couldn‘t move it alone, she asked… 19. Having fed the dog, he sat… 20. Addressing the congregation, he said… 21. … the characters, lying face downwards in a sea of mud, have an unintelligible conversation. 22. Looking/ Having looked through the fashion magazines, I realize… 23. The tree, uprooted by the gale, had fallen… 24. People sleeping in the next room were… 25. Knowing that the murderer was still at large, I was… 26. Having been accommodated in an inn, he looked… 27. Soaked to the skin, we reached… 28. Sitting/ Seated in the front row and equipped with…, I saw… 29. Knowing that the bull was bad-tempered, I didn‘t like… 30. Believing that she could trust him, she gave… 31. Slates, ripped off by the gale, fell… 32. The lion, finding his cage door open and seeing no sign of his keeper, left… 33. The government, trying to tax people according to the size of their houses, put a tax… 34. Having heard that the caves were dangerous, I didn‘t like… 35. Wearing extremely fashionable clothes and surrounded by photographers and pressmen, she swept… Ex. 32H 1. Eager to begin the climb, the men rose at first light. 2. The summit, bare and black, towered above them. 3. /

4. They found a ledge narrow enough for one man. 5. Thoroughly exhausted, they crawled into their sleeping bags. 6. Stiff in every joint, they could hardly stand. 7. When fresh, the snow afforded no sure foothold. 8. The wind, keen as a razor, drove them back into the shelter of their tent. 9. Though light as a feather, their tent somehow remained firm. 10. the rescue party brought them down to the base camp, half-dead with the cold./ Half-dead with the cold, they were brought down to the base camp by the rescue party. 11. Although/ Though a lawyer by training, he became a great soldier. 12. We shall continue our policy, whatever your objections. 13. An even-tempered man, Paul… 14. …his face, able to relax for the first time in days. 15. Angry with the girl for oversleeping, Mrs. Serafino went to down to wake her up.

16. The heir to a fortune, Bob‘s friend did not…/ Bob‘s friends, the heir to a fortune, did not… 17. A notorious burglar, Bob Rand found it easy to…/ Bob Rand, a notorious burglar, found it easy to… 18. A blatant liar, Ron Pall was expelled from…/ Ron Pall, a blatant liar, was expelled from… 19. A man of integrity, he will keep his word, I‘m certain. 20. As if by previous arrangement, she came to the palace…
Ex. 32I

1. She stood back and looked at him, her face smiling radiantly. 2. His exam finished, Porter stumbled wearily out of the room. 3. Henry Adams ran from the room, cold shivers running down his spine. 4. The station wagon sped away, the taillights disappearing into the distance. 5. Dinner over, the family scattered to their various haunts. 6. His opponent gaining a lead of almost 200,000 votes the senator publicly conceded that he had lost his election bid. 7. Nobody having any more to say, the meeting was closed. 8. There being no way for me to cross, I walked upstream on the south side. 9. James sat down, wiped his forehead and smiled complacently, his good humour quite restored. 10. Marie sat on the edge of a frail wooden chair in Kirby‘s suite, (the) champagne glass in her hand, (her) tears in her eyes. 11. All the money having been spent, Jack started looking for work. 12. A little girl walked past, her doll dragging behind her on the pavement. 13. The guest having departed, Father kicked off his shoes and stretched out on the couch. 14. Hilda marched

stiffly from the room, her face blazing with anger. 15. (With) the whole meeting in uproar, the chairman abandoned the attempt to take a vote. 16. Task completed, I went to bed. 17. In front of him stood a man, gun in hand. 18. The clock having struck twelve, we had to leave. 19. Walking into the room, I saw Grandpa sitting at the desk, newspaper spread before him. 20. The professor rested against the blackboard, chalk in one hand, textbook in the other. 21. Jimmy walked slowly to the corner of the playground, face streaked with tears. 22. Stomachs crying for food, backs burning from too much sun, the two boys gathered their gear and headed for home. 23. packages under arm, maps in hand, I made my way to the Chevy pickup parked in front of the store. 24. A small cotton bag over his face, hands tied behind his back, a noose fixed securely about his neck, the prisoner stood quietly on the wooden platform. 25. The breeze becoming gustier, whitecaps giving the lake a frothy, sinister appearance, the evening grew more menacing.
新编英语语法教程 第 33 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 33A

1. Thank you very much for the present you sent me. 2. She was dancing with a student who…/ The student (who/ whom/ that) she was dancing with… 3. … The telephone box (which/ that) I was phoning from/… from which I was phoning. 4. The chair (which/ that) I was sitting in…/ The chair in which I was sitting… 5. I missed the train (which/ that) I usually catch, and I had to… on the next, which was a slow train. 6. … in patched jeans, which surprised the other guests, most of whom were wearing… 7. The string (which/ that) they tie up parcels with/ The string with which they tie up parcels is so weak that… 8. The boy (whom/who) Peter shared a flat with/ The boy with whom Peter shared a flat was a philosophy student and… 9. …, which turned out to be true. 10. …, most of which hadn‘t…. 11. …, who could give him the sack at any moment. 12. …, which led to a great confusion in the country. 13. …, where they would be free to keep Negroes as slaves. 14. … Pierre, who was crossing a road, was run over and killed. 15. … who dares to scale the heights. 16. …, which cannot be taught. 17. …the fifth, who later died of his wounds. 18. The building, which was enormous, had not yet running water. 19. …, for which he was honoure d with the title of model worker. 20. …, which I am glad to hear.

Ex. 33B 1. that 2. who 3. that 4. (that) 5. that 6. that 7. (that) 8. (that) 9. that 10. (that) 11. which 12. whom 13. that 14. that 15. (that) 16. whose 17. whose 18. when 19. where 20. (that) 21. which 22. whom 23. which 24. which 25. which 26. whose 27. (in which)/(that) 28. whom 29. (who)/(that) 30. whom Ex. 33C 1. for which 2. at which 3. to which 4. of which 5. about which 6. in which 7. about which 8. as a result of which 9. of which 10. on which 11. by which 12. through which 13. for which 14. for which 15. along which 16. of which 17. in which 18. at which 19. from which 20. on which

Ex. 33D 1. who 2. whom, who 3. that, ( ), that, ( ) 4. who, who 5. who, who 6. whom, who 7. whose, who 8. where (=in which), which 9. that, which 10. ( ), which 11. ( ), whom 12. who, / , who 13. who, who
14. ( ), who 15. ( ), who 16. ( ), which 17. ( ), whom 18. that, / 19. that, / 20. (which) 新编英语语法教程 第 34 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 34A 1. Water freezes if the temperature… 2. If I come to Shanghai, I usually go to the City Library. 3. There are 29 days in February if… 4. I like to go to the seaside if I… 5. I went to my office by bus if my car… 6. Flowers die if they don‘t get… 7. A motorist must pull up if… 8. If I want to write a letter, I need pen and paper. 9. If I‘m very thirsty, I like to drink lager beer. 10. If businessmen want to borrow money, they go to see their bank manager. 11. If I make a mistake, I expect the teacher to correct it. 12. If one wants to visit a foreign country, one must have a valid passport. 13. If people feel

ill, they go to see a doctor. 14. If there is a power failure, all electrical appliances stop working. 15. If people found it hard to earn a living in their own county, they went abroad. 16. If people work in a post office, they wear a green uniform. 17. If we mix red with yellow, we get orange. 18. If there was hunger, there was social unrest. 19. If I am hungry, I usually have a full meal. 20. If I went to a concert, I preferred to listen to pop music. Ex. 34B 1. leave 2. will tell 3. will support 4. will be 5. shall buy 6. will happen 7. can assume 8. will be 9. will promise 10. is 11. discovers 12. should come 13. will find 14. would lend 15. should be 16. get/ will get 17. closes 18. will you please 19. will have to/ must work 20. did 21. is 22. is 23. dares/ should dare 24. promised/ has promised 25. said 26. need 27. would kindly take 28. can go 29. goes 30. ought to Ex. 34C 1. … he gets more EX.. 2. … will be angry with me. 3. … my house is robbed. 4. … will take the dog for a walk. 5. …don‘t want to. 6. … have the tools. 7. …let me know. 8. … will be very angry. 9. … will go without him. 10. … shall not speak to him any more. 11. I won‘t be able to get there on time, … 12. … the teacher comes. 13. … don‘t want to get wet. 14. … will do well in next week‘s examination. 15. … will go. 16. … want to get there on time. 17. …rains tomorrow? 18. … will tr y to repair it. 19. … will be healthier. 20. … won‘t understand it. Ex. 34D 1. were 2. were earning 3. were to say 4. asked 5. were to say 6. could afford 7. asked 8. would…do 9. would admit 10. would b e 11. would be 12. were 13. could be read 14. went 15. would lift Ex. 34E 1. … you would not be chosen as a basketball player. 2. … he didn‘t like to. 3. … you won a lot of money? 4. … I would be able to take better pictures. 5. … would have to obey him. 6. … he would do it. 7. … I would buy it. 8. … I would change my profession. 9. … I had the time. 10. … I would save a lot of time. Ex. 34F 1. If he had given me his number, I could have telephoned him. 2. If it had not been for the fact that the sun was in the right direction, the photographs would not have come out so well. 3. If the shop had packed the goods properly, they would not have got damaged. 4. If the Government had not raised taxes, they would not have been so unpopular. 5. If he had been able to answer all the questions, he would have passed the examination. 6. If he had passed the examination, he would have gone to university. 7. If we had got there on time, we would not have found the doors locked in our faces. 8. If she had read the book, she would have understood what I meant. 9. If we had not understood what he was saying, we would have asked him to explain again. 10. If the rocket had gone into orbit, it would have marked a step forward in space research. Ex. 34G 1. If he had not failed his examination last year, he would not take it again in June. 2. If the Government had not made so many mistakes when it first came to office, it would win the next election. 3. If we had not missed the train, we would not be waiting on this cold platform. 4. If there had not been a very sharp frost last night, we would not be able to go skating today. 5. If you had taken my advice, you would not be in a difficult position now. 6. If she had given him a lift in her car, he would not be late for work. 7. If he had worked hard, he would be able to pass the examination. 8. If the bank manager had lent him the money, he would be moving to a larger house. 9. If I had brought enough money with me, I would be visiting many other places of interest. 10. If she had not offended him so vilely, he would be preparing to marry her. Ex. 34H 1. How many days are there in February if it is not a leap year? 2. What places do you usually like to visit if you come to Shanghai? 3. In the old days, there used to be millions of people dying of hunger and pestilence in case of flood. 4. When he lived in Shanghai, he used to like classical music if he went to a concert. 5. If she (has) promised to come to the party, she will certainly come. 6. If I can get a loan from the bank, I‘ll buy the house. 7. His health won‘t improve unless he gives up smoking at once.

8. I wouldn‘t buy this picture even if I could afford it. 9. If there weren‘t so many mosquitoes, it would be a perfect evening. 10. What would you do about the problem if you were in my shoes? 11. If the president hadn‘t violated the Federal law, he wouldn‘t have been forced to resign. 12. If the shop had packed the goods properly, they wouldn‘t have got damaged. 13. If it had not been for the stabilizing effect of the Renminbi, the financial crisis in East Asia would have worsened.

14. If you had taken my advice, you would not be in a difficult position now. 15. If the bank had lent her the money, she would be moving to a larger house. 16. If I could speak English, I would have expressed my idea more clearly. 17. If I knew her address, I would have sooner written to her. 18. If I were her, I would never have accepted their invitation.

19. If it had not been for the misdemeanors of the president, he would not have been impeached. 20. I f it were not for the financial crisis in East Asia, China‘s economy would be developing at a greater speed. 新编英语语法教程 第 35 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 35A 1. Ann said whenever her father was unhappy he would go out and buy something, usually something large and useless. 2. Paul said it was high time they left the place. 3. the manager said I‘d better take someone with me as it was safe with two. 4. Mr. Jackson said that in most countries Red Cross stands for humanitarianism. 5. My nephew said he knew the umbrella belonged to me but he thought it would be all right if he borrowed it. 6. Mr. Jones said he wished he had six weeks for a holiday. 7. The headmistress announced any child found climbing over the playground wall that night would be punished with an hour‘s detention the next day. 8. The husband said if they put up a shelf over the kitchen sink they could get rid of all the washing-up impediments which were now cluttering up the draining board. 9. Her husband told her that the steak was underdone and said he was not complaining but was just pointing it out. 10. He said if what I said was true he must/ would have to go to the police. 11. He told me that I mustn‘t forget to put the stamp on, or my friend would have to pay double postage. 12. The wife said if he were any good he‘d help her instead of standing there criticizing. 13. My employer said that I needn‘t come in the following day and told me to take a day off. 14. He said that after the lecture he had had to rush home. 15. Mary said when she saw them last they were listening to the recording. 16. Mike said he was starting the work in two days‘ time. 17. Mr. Corder said that I could leave my motorcycle in his garage if I liked and he would keep an eye on it while I was away. 18. Mabel said I must leave a note for my mother, otherwise she would be terribly worried when I wasn‘t in at my usual time. 19. Tom said he had left some books on my table. He thought I‘d find them useful and said I could keep them as long as I needed them but that he‘d like them back when I‘d finished with the. 20. The writer said that Arran sweaters had become very fashionable lately. He added that in the past they were/ had been wron only by fishermen and each family kept/ had kept to a particular pattern, so that if a man was drowned/ had been drowned, his sweater would identify him. Ex. 35B 1. He asked me if I was being attended to. 2. He asked if he would be in time for the train if he started at eight. 3. He asked why my mother was driving so fast. 4. He asked her if she would mind if he looked into her suitcase. 5. He suggested taking more EX.. 6. He offered to post the letter for me. 7. He suggested going to bed later/ He asked why I didn‘t go to bed later. 8. He offered to carry my bag for me. 9. He suggested taking some sleeping pills. 10. He offered to make me a cup of coffee. 11. He asked me to help him change the wheel/He asked (me) if I would help him change the wheel. 12. He offered to run me home in his car. 13. He asked if I knew who was coming. 14. He asked if I‘d wondered why he hadn‘t come. 15. He asked me if I had to do it all that night. 16. He asked his mother whether he had to eat it all. 17. He told me that the liqueur chocolates were delicious and asked me whether I would like some. 18. He suggested going for a swim as it was quite fine then. 19. He asked me if I would mind posting that letter for him, and he told me not to forget it.

20. He asked me if had seen those advertisements for the horsedrawn caravans which could be hired in Ireland. He said that he would love to spend a holiday meandering along Irish lanes and it would be a real change from stresses of city life. He suggested we should do it. Ex. 35C 1. He ordered me to climb in through the window. 2. He warned me not to let it boil over. 3. He recommended me to wash it in lukewarm water. 4. He suggested giving a party/ He suggested we (should) give a party. 5. He advised me to make good use of my time. 6. He reminded me to take my keys. 7. He asked me not to disturb him. 8. He told me not to look up any words. 9. He offered to pay for it. 10. He said that I wasn‘t‘ to water the garden unless it was very dry. 11. He begged me to make the coffee a bit stronger. 12. He urged me not to wait till next week. 13. She wanted me to bring her a new dress from Paris. 14. He forbade me to come to his house again. 15. He implored me to be careful with the dog. Ex. 35D 1. He said how annoying it was/ He expressed his annoyance. 2. He called me a liar. 3. He wished me a happy Christmas. 4. He remarked it was a pity. 5. He exclaimed with delight. 6. He remarked what a lovely garden it was. 7. He interrupted. 8. He agreed. 9. He was astonished. 10. He yelled/ called for help. 11. He commented on how cold the day was and said he needed warmer clothes. 12. She called him an idiot as he was sitting on the eggs. 13. He swore. 14. He cursed the map for leading him wrong again. 15. He greeted me. 16. He implored them to be careful and not to leave the mountain hut the next day if the weather got worse. 17. He grumbled about the noisy aeroplanes and said that something ought to be done about them. 18. He acknowledged my kindness. 19. She exclaimed that it was nearly ten and said that she had to be at the hairdresser‘s at quarter past. 20. He said he didn‘t know. Ex. 35E 1. The light suddenly went out and Ann offered to get the candle. But Mr. Jones said that he‘d rather she got another bulb. Ann said there weren‘t any and (that) the shops were shut. 2. The man next to me asked to have a look at my paper as he wanted to see the football results. I said I hadn‘t finished it yet and told him to wait a moment. He said he couldn‘t wait long as he was getting off at the next stop. 3. I said to Tom that I would have the money for him the following week and asked if I should post it to him. he asked me keep it in my safe till he could come and collect it, for a lot of his mail had been going astray lately and he would hate to lose one of my large cheques. 4. Ann said if I had heard the noise and what I thought it was. (I said) I thought it was only rats running up and down inside the wall, but she said it might be someone trying to get in and asked / advised me to go and see. 5. I suggested starting / offered to start/ asked if I should start the next day. But Tom said he‘d rather I started that day. 6. My father told me that he had run out of stamps and asked if I had got any. I said I hadn‘t, and offered to go out and get some if he liked. He told me not to bother as he had missed the post anyway. 7. I asked why he was spending so long on those accounts. He said he couldn‘t make them balance; he seemed to be 13 pounds short and that meant he would have to put in 13 pounds of his own money to make it up. I asked if he‘d like me to go through them and see if I could find a mistake. 8. Tom says (in the postcard) that we aren‘t to worry about him. He wasn‘t badly injured and is being very well looked after. He says he is coming back next Wednesday on the nine o‘clock flight from Zurich and asks us to meet the plane. Ex. 35F (1) had emigrated to Australia (2) had heard from him (3) had got two or three letters (4) had sent a Christmas card (5) had gone to (6) had bought/ bought (7) had stayed there (8) had come from (9) had never said anything about it (10) had always sounded (11) had got married (12) had been stolen (13) had never bought (14) had never sent her (15) had only been (16) did not remember (17) did not recognize (18) had seen him (19) had been eating (20) had hated/ hated Ex. 35G …Helen exclaimed that she hadn‘t put it anywhere. Bill continued that she must have put it in a drawer or in the writing desk. Helen insisted that she hadn‘t even seen it and added that he didn‘t look after his things properly. Bill admitted that he ought to have put it in a safer place. He explained that he would have to find it because he thought he had won the first prize and he wouldn‘t be able to claim it without the ticket. Helen suggested that he had perhaps put it in his

wallet after all. Then Bill remembered that he had left it in his blue overalls! Helen concluded that in that case they could say goodbye to the prize, because his lottery ticket was at the clearner‘s where she had taken his overalls on the previous Monday! 新编英语语法教程 第 36 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 36A 1. He was warned by a light flashing repeatedly. 2. An article written by my brother appeared... 3. His decision to retire surprised… 4. … no hope of winning the game. 5. He refused the invitation to write… 6. … of Anna‘s doing the job. 7. The article written by my brother… 8. …reputation for honesty. 9. she made a point of coming late… 10. …in chemistry. 11. … on children. 12. … for that man; … to him. 13. This leap, right across the fissure, … 14. … men alive. 15. This is a form of fishing open to all anglers. 16. The picture shows a river alive with all kinds of boats and barges. 17. The house ablaze… 18. His not very intelligent son… 19. It is a lovely and fine day. 20. …uninvited guests at the party. 21. If you are a retired worker, … 22. The unemployment situation… 23. … any energy crisis in our coun try. 24. … a ten-year-old girl. 25. … a red-carpeted room. 26. I was awakened by a barking dog… 27. … the first news George had had of his friend‘s absence. 28. Many ways have been found to use… 29. The assumption is made that the cylinder… 30. … the first I‘ve actually met of the hundreds of thousands so treated. Ex. 36B 1. All in their twenties, the three men pleaded not guilty. 2. A grandfatherly old man, the judge looked harmless and ready to believe us from the beginning. 3. Columbus‘s assumption that the land he had discovered was the eastern extremity of Asia was soon proved wrong. 4. Some people, especially student readers, like to look for a ―moral‖ in everything they read – a ―moral‖ being some rule of conduct which they regard as applicable to their lives. 5. Columbus‘s report that there was a king in the south who owned great quantities of gold lured… 6. The suspicion that smoking has something to do with cancer rests on several kinds of evidence. 7. The fact that you went to sleep during my lecture suggests that… 8. The knowledge that I can always call upon you for support is… 9. They were building a bridge across the river, a bridge which was intended… 10. Yesterday I went skating-something I hadn‘t done for years. 11. He is now faced with an important decision- a decision that… 12. Many members were absent, notably the vice-chairman. 13. A number of American presidents, including McKinley, Harding, Roosevelt, and Kennedy… 14. They had to face the fact that the nearest filling station… 15. The idea that my watch might be wrong did not occur to me. 16. When a victim suffers a major burn--one in which at least 20 percent of the skin is lost—damage usually extends far beyond the burn site. 17. A dry lightning storm, that is, a thunderstorm without rain, started a fire in a remote part of the forest in August. 18. Half an hour later, the second diver returned with the same report—nothing. 19. Nairobi‘s railroad station is the starting point for East Africa‘s most traveled passenger train, the overnight express to Mombasa, Kenya‘s port on the Indian Ocean. 20. A people of inventors and discoverers, philosophers and soldiers, poets and craftsmen, the ancient Chinese gave the world many of its most useful things; paper and gunpowder, printing and the compass. Ex. 36C 1. I usually go to Paris in summer. 2. We always meet in the park on Sunday afternoon. 3. Just about an hour ago, I saw John in the office. 4. Before I get up, I always have a cup of tea in bed. 5. I seldom get up early on Sunday. 6. He always plays well in an important game. 7. We usually eat out when we go to the theatre. 8. Last night, he spoke very well at the debate. 9. He arrived at the meeting punctually at eight o‘clock. 10. We are going to meet at John‘s house at nine o‘clock tomorrow. 11. I pay my rates once a month this year/ This year, I pay my rates once a month. 12. The telephone rang twice while you were out/ While you were out, … 13. We have lectures all the morning every day this week/ This week, … 14. I shall be away for a day or two several times this summer/ This summer, … 15. There were power cuts for two or three hours at a time almost every day during the winter of

1947/ During the winter of 1947, … 16. Interviews will take place between nine and twelve every weekday next month/ Next month, … 17. Visits to the museum will be between two and four during the summer. 18. That morning, wives, mothers and sweethearts waited with highly commendable patience on the quay. 19. Towards evening, the officer on duty pointed excitedly towards the west. 20. On October 4th, 1954, we waited at Bristol for several hours in the morning. 21. Coming home late last night a little drunk, he fell headlong into the ditch. 22. As the furry caterpillar slowly crawled along de leaf, the small girl screamed in terror. 23. Some students very much enjoy arguing with one another excitedly in gloomy café s. 24. He told me that on his first visit to London he had arrived at Victoria at exactly four minutes past four on the 4th April, 1944. 25. Early in the morning, he Duchess has often been seen carefully choosing vegetables in the market. Ex. 36D 1. Naturally, I will have to… 2. Frankly, I was… 3. Clearly, there has been… 4. Fortunately, Roberts returned the cheque. 5. Oddly enough, he did not… 6. Not unreasonably, he protested… 7. Interestingly, he never knew that he… 8. Hopefully, the two sides may… 9. Quite obviously, he does not want to… 10. Strangely enough, the burglar had not taken… 11. Sure enough, a solution will be… 12. Rightly, the Chinese people protested… 13. Even more important, we ought to put… 14. Surely, I have met him before. 15. To our regret, he refused our invitation. 16. Luckily, someone managed to find me. 17. You telephoned the hospital first, quite rightly. 18. Foolishly, the girl did not ask your name. 19. Understandably, her appointment has not been confirmed. 20. Curiously, the dog never barked. 21. Wisely, all the doors had been bolted. 22. Clearly, we shall have to inform the police. 23. Not unnaturally, we had all felt rather alarmed. 24. The accident happened, possibly, when I was in the garden. 25. What is more important, we should not let it happen again. Ex. 36E 1. moreover 2. In other words 3. Also 4. In other words/ That is to say 5. In that case 6. Still 7. however 8. Actually 9. So 10. Nevertheless 11. after all 12. Furthermore 13. for all that 14. conversely 15. consequently 16. As a result 17. then 18. therefore 19. Besides 20. First; Secondly; Thirdly and most importantly 新编英语语法教程 第 37 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 37A 1. food/ kind (﹡one) 2. one 3. it (﹡one) 4. one, / (﹡ones) 5. One, one’s / his 6. one 7. one 8. one 9. (one) 10. people (﹡one) 11. that (﹡one) 12. One, oneself / himself 13. one 14. one 15. one 16. (one) 17. ones 18. (one), (one) 19. ones 20. one Ex. 37B 1. … and I have done so. 2. … than he was doing before. 3. … and does not do archaeology. 4. … but he didn‘t do so. 5. … So does Sally. 6. … better than he does his wife. 7. … it has not done so. 8. … No, but we do. 9. … But his wife did to Chicago. 10. … And he did so to me too. Ex. 37C 1. So did I. 2. So does she. 3. So does his sister. 4. So does iron. 5. So do the buses. 6. So did his mother. 7. So she does. 8. So he does. 9. So does he. 10. So it did. 11. So did the dean. 12. So does grass. 13. So she did. 14. So he does. 15. So did his brother. 16. So it does. 17. So do I. 18. So they did. 19. So she does. 20. Neither / Nor does her sister. 21. Neither / Nor did the bridegroom. 22. Neither / Nor did the second. 23. So does the one I‘m sitting on. 24. So she did. 25. Neither / Nor did any of their friends. 26. Neither / Nor does the cook. 27. So does my little sister. 28. Neither / Nor has / does my wife. 29. So he does. 30. So do bats. 31. So do lots of other people. 32. So it does. 33. So do we all. 34. Neither / Nor did I. 35. Neither / Nor will my colleagues. 36. So

he will. 37. So will their children. 38. So they did. 39. So did other responsible cadres. 40. Neither / Nor do the apple trees. Ex. 37D 1. I‘m afraid not 2. I think so. 3. I guess so. 4. I suppose so. 5. I expect not. 6. I doubt it. 7. I hope so. 8. I fear not. 9. I thought not. 10. I‘m afraid so. 11. I‘ve been told so. 12. All people say so. 13. I hope not. 14. I believe so. 15. I think not/ I don‘t think so. 16. So I‘ve heard. 17. It seems not. 18. I‘m sure of it. 19. So I‘ve seen. 20. So I‘ve noticed. 新编英语语法教程 第 38 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 38A 1. … and go to immense trouble… 2. … and brought the preparation of… 3. …to be served in small pieces, picked up little by little with chopsticks, and eaten slowly. 4. … but wheat in the north. 5. … cup up very small in the kitchen, cooked in a large iron bowl, and served hot. 6. … but oil in China. 7. … and Guangdong for stuffed snails. 8. … the Europeans with knives and forks. 9. … Chinese marriages with a meal of at least a dozen courses. 10. … nor would a Chinese dinner rice. 11. Many people have been suffering, and many still are suffering, from influenza. 12. … but they don‘t really. 13. … but they do not really. 14. … and which to be avoided. 15. Some animals swallow, others instinctively avoid, highly dangerous objects. 16. … a game which can be, and often is, very dangerous. 17. … or by some mechanism built into its nervous system from the start. 18. Some people require eight hours‘ sleep a night, others are satisfied with six or less. 19. … nor a reliable average for different age groups. 20. … but in fact they often prove to be less. Ex. 38B 1. Jane is dusting the furniture because Bob won‘t. 2. Her life is yet, as it has always been, one ceaseless round of work for others. 3. He remained a great lover of sport, as he had been in his youth. 4. Although told to stop, John kept on working till late at night. 5. I am happy if you are. 6. I gave my energy to other subjects though continuing to… 7. Though seriously wounded, he… 8. … even if progressing slowly. 9. Although the youngest of the class, Mary… 10. Be careful you don‘t catch cold. 11. they are meant to wound, perhaps to kill. 12. I caught the train—just. 13. for all he had worked hard, he… 14. I take it you are going to the party this evening. 15. (no change) 16. whatever your problems, they… 17. There is somebody wants you on the phone. 18. … bookworm he used to be. 19. … all there is left to see in the city. 20. … all the men known to have been in the building at that time. Ex. 38C 1. … and one was saved in the crash. 2. … and to write. 3. He is neither interested in nor… 4. … and that by the man who followed him on the panel coincided. 5. … many other girl singers have sung and still are singing. 6. … and never will do any. 7. … was called an d other drivers were told to proceed cautiously. 8. … and that poor George was really scared. 9. … that played well on both offence and defence and that drew well throughout the season. 10. for service the team could have won the game. 11. He never worried about… 12. … than for that of his family. 13. … to present our arguments and to convince the council of the necessity for this action. 14. … and to summarize the main points presented. 15. … because he was very ill. 16. … if you will too/ if you will open one too. 17. … and Peter will this afternoon. 18. … the longer it dwells upon, and the deeper it sinks into, the mind. 19. … yet he was never given full marks. 20. … although he disapproved of the way we dressed. 新编英语语法教程 第 39 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 39A 1. a) Even though men may deny it, women may soon…/ While men may deny it, women may soon… b) Women may soon be able to compete with men in most sporting events, but men may deny it. 2. a) Though it will increase social security taxes by thirty percent, the new law is enacted.

b) A new law is enacted which will increase… 3. a) When their house was ransacked by a juvenile gang, the mayor and his wife were attending a conference…/ The mayor and his wife, whose house was ransacked by a juvenile gang, were attending a conference… b) When the mayor and his wife were attending…, their house was ransacked by a juvenile gang. 4. a) The Warren Report, though accepted by most Americans, has left many questions unanswered. b) The Warren Report, which has left many questions unanswered, has been accepted by most Americans. 5. a) Since acupuncture is so alien to the Western concept of medical treatment, it continues to be regarded with suspicion in the Western world. b) The Western world continues to be regarded acupuncture with suspicion, perhaps because it is so alien to their own concept of medical treatment. 6. a) Provided (that) they can overcome serious problems like crime and pollution, cities like New York and Detroit can survive. b) Cities like New York and Detroit can survive if they can overcome serious problems like crime and pollution. 7. a) While traditional churches are rapidly losing members, Oriental religions seem to be attracting thousands of American youth. / Because traditional churches are rapidly losing members, Oriental religions seem to be attracting… b) While Oriental religions seem to be attracting thousands of American youth, traditional churches are rapidly losing members. 8. a) Thomas Edison remained active and creative into his 80s, but his most productive year came at the age of 35. b) Thomas Edison, whose most productive year came at the age of 35, remained active and creative into his 80s. 9. a) A country need not worry about being attacked as long as it remains militarily strong. b) If a country remains militarily strong, it need not worry about being attacked. 10. a) Many liberal arts graduates will have difficulty finding employment unless they are willing to accept work outside their major interests until the economic situation becomes more favourable. b) Until the economic situation becomes more favourable, many liberal arts graduates will have difficulty finding employment unless they are willing to accept work outside their major interests. Ex. 39B 1. … Nowhere else will you find such fine pupils. 2. …Nowhere else have I seen a better performance. 3. At no time during his long stay in Shanghai did he come to our school. 4. …At no time during the previous term had he worked hard. 5. … Not a single paper did he write the whole term. 6. … Not a day did she spend without having… 7. / 8. Not only did Jimmy pass the exam, but he got… 9. Only an hour ago did he find out that… 10. Only through sheer luck did Carol manage to pass the exam. 11. Only when I heard his voice trembling did I realize… 12. … Only yesterday did he ring me up. 13. Only because someone had given him a lift did he get to the meeting in time. 14. On no account will the manager tolerate rudeness from his employees. 15. On no account will China allow any other country… 16. Under no circumstances will China become a superpower. 17. No sooner had he begun to speak than I sensed that… 18. No longer these days is it necessary for women to spend hours of drudgery in the kitchen. 19. No longer should women put up with… 20. … No more will he work for the boss. 21. No wider than a foot was the space between the goalkeeper and the post… 22. … but equally important is the question of expense. 23. … So was his behaviour towards his son/ Equally inexplicable was… 24. In no other department store will you find such a wide variety of goods. 25. In no other restaurant have I experienced such bad service as in this one. 26. Not for the life of me can I understand why… 27. Not for a moment can the old man imagine that he would… 28. Not for one minute do I think that… 29. Not for anything would that boy part with his family. 30. Not for anything will I give up halfway. 31. Not for nothing has the volleyball team won the world cup. 32. Not for nothing is Chinese tea famous all over the world. 33. So impressively did he speak that everyone… 34. So strong was the impact he made on us all that… 35. … but not even then could she believe it. 36. … that not even after

he was 75 would he stop working. 37. … Not even if he was threatened with expulsion from school would he waver. 38. Hardly had he begun to speak when… 39. Scarcely had he got to the office when his boss… 40. …Hardly a single paper did he write last term. 41. / 42. Not until yesterday did I realize what trouble he was in. 43. Seldom do we have the opportunity of receiving such a distinguished writer. 44. … Rarely do they go to school by bus. 45. … and away went the car like a flash. 46. … when in walked the teacher. 47. … when in he came. 48. … and out popped a mouse. 49. … when down came the rain. 50. … but out it popped. Ex. 39C Never again would I need to worry about the future! On no account would I need to borrow money from friends, and still less would I be dependent on the favours of rich relatives! On the contrary, in no circumstances whatever would I feel financially dependent on any person! Seldom had things looked so bright! But little did I know at the time that my luck was soon to change… Scarcely had I come into the money when the shares fell drastically on the Stock Exchange. No sooner had I begun to enjoy my wealth than I was again reduced to my former state of poverty. At no time in my life had I felt so dismayed. I waited in vain for the shares to regain their former value, but never again was I to experience that feeling of sudden fortune. Only after may years of hard work did I realize that money alone does not lead to happiness and success, and, thinking back over this episode in my life, rarely do I wish that I were a man of fortune. 新编英语语法教程 第 40 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 40A 1. b 2. c 3. b 4. c 5. b Ex. 40B 1. i—c—a—j—d—f—e—k—b—g—h—l 2. g—e—c—a—h—d—b—f 3. g—a—f—b—h—c—e—d 4. l—b—f—h—d—i—e—j—a—g—k—e Ex. 40C(略) Ex. 40D 1. Choose B as the topic sentence. A and C are too general. 2. Choose C as the topic sentence. A does not relate to the supporting sentences. B is not a complete sentence and does not relate to the supporting sentences either. 3. Choose C as the topic sentence. A and B are irrelevant. 4. Choose A as the topic sentence. B is too general; C is not a complete sentence. 5. Choose A as the topic sentence. B is too general and is not a complete sentence. C is too specific. Ex. 40E 1. b-a—e—f—c 2. e—b—d—g—a 3. a—c—e—g—f 4. c—d—f—e—a 5. c—a—d—b—f—h—e Ex. 40F 1. Topic sentence: b b—d—a—c 2. Topic sentence: h h—g—b—a—c—f—d—e 3. Topic sentence group: b+d b—d—e—i—a—g—f—j—c—h 4. Topic sentence group: j+d j—d—f—h—a—c—e—g—i—k—b 5. Topic sentence: d d—c—b—e—a


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