The Fourth Period
●从容说课 This is the fourth period of this unit.In this period，students are expected to talk about some great persons.The purpose is to give students a chance to practice their oral English，at the same time，they can have a thorough idea about what are the qualities they should find in a great person.In this period，there is a part designed to practice listening.It is very important for the students to develop the listening ability.In this unit，this is prediction the contents of listening，so it is important to make good use of the questions or multiple choices before listening. ●三维目标 1.Knowledge： Learn and master the new words and expressions in this period. Good idea! I think/don’t think.... That’s an excellent idea! I’m afraid.... I agree/don’t agree. Why do you think so？ I prefer.... What do you think of.... In my opinion... . What’s your opinion？ 2.Ability： （1）Talk about the fine quality of great people to improve the students’ speaking ability. （2）Do reading practice to improve the students’ listening abilities. 3.Emotion： （1）Learn about some great people and qualities they have in common. （2）Develop the students’ moral quality. ●教学重点 （1）Talk about the fine quality of great people to improve the students’ speaking ability. （2）Improve the students’ listening ability. ●教学难点 （1）How to express their own opinions and ideas. （2）How to improve the students’ listening ability. ●教具准备 The multimedia and the blackboard. ●教学过程 Step 1 Greetings Greet the whole class as usual. Step 2 Revision T：In the last period，we reviewed the attributive clause.So in today’s lesson，first I’d like to check your homework.Please turn to Page 36.Suppo se Elias has had some problems with his messages for his friends，can you help him form sentences with the following words and
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phrases？Who’d like to have a try first？ S 1 ：I’m glad to. T：Very good，Mary.Are you ready？ S 1 ：Yes.The mines where I worked were 9 km from my house. T：Well done.Who want a try again？ S 2 ：Let me try.The time when we arrived was late at night. （Form sentences with the list words and phrases in the same way.Encourage students to make up as many sentences as possible.） Possible sentences： 1.The reason why I got a job was because of my hard work. 2.The government building where we arrived was very grand. 3.The date when I joined the ANC Youth League was the 5th of August. T：You’ve done a good job.But I ’m sorry to tell you that Elias has lost some of his messages.Can you help him？ Ss：Of course. T：You’re very kind.Please help him by completing the following sentences： 1.The day when Elias first met Nelson Mandela was a very exciting time. 2.South Africa is now a country where the blacks have the same rights as the whites. 3.This is the government building in which Elias blew it up. 4.The person to whom the blacks often turned for help is Nelson Mandela. T：Now perhaps you’re a little tired.Let’s play the game in groups of four.The first person begins with a sentence and each person in the group adds extra and different information using the attributive clause.Now please look at the example and read it together. （Show the example on the screen.） Example： S 1 ：The school was very large. S 2 ：The school where I learned was very large. S 3 ：The school where I learned for six years was very large. S 4 ：The school where I learned for six years so unhappily was very large. T： Now please change places.For example， 2 begins the game with another sentence.Do this S several times until every one of you has had a go.I’ll give you several minutes to practice. （Some minutes later，check with the whole class.） T：Please stop here.It’s time to present your set of sentences to the class.Any volunteer？ Ss：We want a try. T：Good.Please begin. Possible sentences： 1.S 1 ：The factory has been closed. S 2 ：The factory where I worked has been closed. S 3 ：The factory where I worked for two years has been closed. S 4 ：The factory where I worked with Tom for two years has been closed. 2.S 5 ：The year was 1809. S 6 ：The year when Lincoln was born was 1809. S 7 ：The year when Lincoln was born in Kentucky was 1809. S 8 ：The year when Lincoln was born in a poor family in Kentucky was 1809.
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Step 3 Listening T：The game is so interesting，isn’t it？At the same time，you did very well.Now，let’s turn to the next part.In the reading passage，Elias told us his experience.So my question is：Did Elias join the ANC Youth League？ Ss：Yes. T：Why do you think Elias join the ANC Youth League？ S 3 ：Because the ANC Youth League was organized by Nelson Mandela，who had helped Elias when Elias was in great trouble.So Elias never forgot how kind Nelson Mandela was and joined the ANC Youth League as soon as possible. T：Good.Do you think it is right to join the ANC Youth L eague？Please give your reason. S 4 ：I think it is right.Because at that time，black people were treated unfairly.Take Elias for example，he had to leave school because his family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare， he could not read or write.When he got a job in a gold mine， was worried about so he whether he would be out of work simply because he did not have the passbook because he was not born there.There were the greatest number of laws stopping their rights and they had almost no rights at all.So when Nelson Mandela organized the ANC Youth League to struggle against racial discrimination in South Africa，it is natural for Elias to join it as soon as he could and it is to realize their dream of making black and white people equal. T：Very good.So if you were Elias，you would do the same thing as him，right？ S 4 ：Right. T：Do you agree with him/her？ Ss：Yes. T： course， would， Of I too.From the reading passage， know a lot of information of racial we discrimination in South Africa.Just now，we talked a lot about why Elias joined the ANC Youth League according to the reading passage.Today we’ll listen to the tape and then please find out the true reason why Elias joined the ANC Youth League. T：Now please open your books at Page 37.Before you listen to the tape，please read the multiple choices fast to find out the listening points first.While you read，you’d better make notes of the listening points.Now，I’ll play the tape twice.Please listen carefully and pay more att ention to the important points.You may make notes for you to remember the important points.Are you ready？ Ss：Yes. T：OK.Let’s begin. Step 4 Listening T：Just now we listened a passage about Elias.Now we’ve going to listen to a passage about William Tyndale.Who is William Tyndale？ Ss：William Tyndale wrote the Bible in English so all could read it.H e died for his ideas，but his work was later used in the Bible. T：Yes，we talked about him in the first period.After we listen to the passage，we’ll know more information about him.Please look at the questions before we listen to the text，which will help you understand the listening points. （Give the students two minutes to read the questions.） T： Now I’ll play the tape twice.Please listen carefully and pay more attention to the important points.Please make notes if necessary.
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Step 5 Talking T：It’s time for you to do some oral practice.Let’s talk about your hero/heroine.Please use the following questions to help you. Who is your hero/heroine？ Why do you like her/him so much？ Did he/she do anything for others？ What are his/her best qualities？ By the way maybe the following sentence patterns are helpful for you. Good idea! I think/don’t think.... That’s an excellent idea! I’m afraid.... I agree/don’t agree. Why do you think so？ I prefer.... What do you think of...？ In my opinion.... What’s your opinion？ （Give students five minutes to have a discussion.） T：OK.Time is up.Is everybody ready？Who’d like to try to tell us his/her opinion？ S 5 ：I think Marie Curie is my heroine.My favorite scientist is Madam Curie.Why was Marie Curie a significant woman in European Science？Because she was the first woman to be awarded a doctorate，the first woman to become a professo r at the University of Paris，the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the first person of either sex to win two Nobel Prizes.Marie Curie was the most successful scientist to come out of Poland.She saw science as a beauty that she wanted to withhold.Science to her was an unknown fairy tale phenomenon that she was determined to discover.Marie Curie wanted to use science to help others and the world.She accomplished this by working in World War Ⅰ，and discovering radium，and polonium.Marie Curie’s discovery of polonium was a great scientific finding.This is because it helped the research of uranic rays， it and led to the discovery of radium.The work of Marie Curie was not just important for her discoveries of new elemen ts，but the process she used to isolate them，helped to create a “stockpile” of a few grams of radioactive material，which future scientists could use for further studies.As a result of her work X-Rays are very common today， is Carbon dating， as radiotherapy， other medical and applications for radiation.It is for no small reason that Marie Curie is considered by most to be the greatest woma n scientist of all time.The world indeed owes a great debt to Marie Curie. S 6 ：I agree with you，but I think Albert Einstein is my hero.Albert Einstein was born on March 14， 1879 in Ulm， Wurttemberg， Germany.Einstein contributed more than any other scientist since Sir Isaac Newton to our understanding of physical reality.Einstein worked at the patent office in Bern，Switzerland from 1902 to 1909.During this period he completed an astonishing range of theoretical physics publications，written in his spare time，without the benefit of close contact with scientific literature or colleagues.The most well known of these works is Einstein’s 1905 paper proposing “the special theory of relativity” Later in 1905 Einstein showed how mass . and energy were equivalent expressing it in the famous equation：E=mc2 （energy equals mass times the velocity of light squared）.This equation became a cornerstone in the development of
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nuclear energy.Einstein received the Nobel Prize in 1921 but not for relativity，rather for his 1905 work on the photoelectric effect.He worked on at Princeton until the end of his life on an attempt to unify the laws of physics. Step 6 Summary T： agree with you， I too.Well done.Thank you for your wonderful performance.Now， see let’s what we’ve done in this period.First，we’ve checked your homework about the attributive clause.Second， practise listening.Third， we we’ve talked about your hero/heroine.Of course， we’ve learned some useful expressions.After class，practise them more and preview the next part— reading.That’s all for today.See you. Step 7 Homework Preview the reading passage. ●板书设计 Unit 5 Good idea! I think/don’t think.... That’s an excellent idea! I’m afraid.... I agree/don’t agree. Why do you think so？ I prefer.... What do you think of...？ In my opinion.... What’s your opinion？ ●活动与探究 Think about how often you do the following and write in the number that you think matches that frequency？On a scale from 1 to 5，give yourself a score as follows：1=never，2=rarely， 3=sometimes，4=often，5=very often. behavior I avoid staying on any subject with my partner. I make assumptions about my partners feelings or thoughts. I respond to my partner’s suggestions or opinions with， “Yes，but...” I bring up past issues during current disagreements. I interrupt my partner’s conversation. I use sarcasm or jokes to respond when my partner talks. I respond to a complaint with a complaint. I insult and criticize my partner. I respond to my partner with phrases like， “That’s ridiculous.” I see only my point of view. TOTAL （Add up your scores.） ●备课资料 Qian Xuesen China has launched its first manned spacecraft， Shenzhou V， the Oct.15， becoming the third country to put a man into space，following the former Soviet Union and the United States.Today，
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Nelson Mandela—a modern hero The Fourth Period
we’ll bring you the story of Qian Xuesen （Chien Hsuch-Sen） father of China’s aerospace” and ， “
“king of rockets” .Qian is one of the pioneers of China’s space science.A world-famous expert on aerospace rockets and aerodynamics.Qian has obtained great attainments in the areas of applied mechanics，engineering cybernetics and system engineering and made distinguished contributions to the foundation and development of Chinese aerospace undertaking.He plays a leading role in the research，manufacture and testing of carrier rockets，guided missiles and satellites.Due to research and development led by Qian，China successfully exploded its first atom bomb in 1964， launched its first man-made satellite in 1970， fired its first transcontinental ballistic missile toward the Pacific in 1980，and launched its first manned spacecraft on Oct.15，2003.With his ancestral home in Hangzhou，Jiangsu Province，Qian was born in Shanghai in 1911.Qian graduated from Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 1934.One year later， went to the U.S.and continue his studies he in MIT （Massachusetts Institute of Technology） ，after receiving master’s degree in MIT，Qian went to study in California Institute of Technology.In 1939，Qian received Ph.D degrees of both aerospace and mathematics and left the school to be a teacher，as well as a researcher studying the applied mechanics and rocket and missile theories.In 1955， years later after the founding of six New China ， Qian Xuesen returned to the motherland.He has served successively as director-general with the mechanics institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences ， deputy director-general and director-general with the fifth research institute of the State Defense Ministry， deputy minister with State Ministry of The Seventh Machinery， deputy-director-general with the Commission of Science，Technology and Industry for National Defense，president with the 3rd China Association for Science and Technology，vice president with the 6th to the 10th Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference （CPPCC）.Currently，Qian is the senior consultant with the Commission of Science and Technology of the General Equipment Ministry of the People’s Liberation Army，honorary president with China Association for Science and Technology.In 1956，Qian put forward “Proposal on the Development of China’s Avia tion Industry for National Defense” and assisted Zhou Enlai，the then premiere，and Marshal Nie Rongzheng to prepare the establishment of China’s first missile and rocket R&D structure，the Fifth Research Institute of State Ministry of Defense.In the October of 1956，Qian assumed office Qian has long been in charge of the of director-general with the fifth research inst itute.Henceforth， chief technological officer with the R&D of China’s missile，rocket and spacecraft，and has contributed great to the establishment and development of China’s missile，rocket and spacecraft undertakings.
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