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Unit 8 Adventure


Unit 8

Adventure

话题:旅游冒险 【话题词汇】 1. experience v. 体验 2. overcome v. 克服 3. difficulty n. 困难 4. obstacle n. 障碍 5. attitude n. 态度 6. objection n. 反对意见 7. failure n. 失败 8. optimistic adj. 乐观的 9. pessimistic adj. 悲观的 10. enthusiastic adj. 热情的 11. be faced with 面对 12. suffer from 遭受 13. give up 放弃 14. deal with 处理 15. meet with 遭遇 16. get over 克服 【经典语篇】 (江西高考)星光中学(Xingguang High School)近期举行了一次登山活动。假定你是 学校英语报记者, 请写一篇短文, 报道此次活动。内容包括: 1. 时间与地点: 4 月 10 日, 大青山(Daqing Mountain); 2. 活动的过程; 3. 你对于这次活动的评论。 注意: 1. 词数 120 个左右。 2. 可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯。 [活动目的]In order to encourage the students to take outdoor exercise, our school organised a mountain-climbing activity on April 10. Hundreds of us took part in it. [活动内容]It was a nice day. ① At 8: 00 am, we gathered at the foot of Daqing Mountain and set out for the top in high spirits. ② All the way we were chatting, singing, laughing, and enjoying the fresh air and the beautiful scenery. When some fell behind, others would come and offer help. About 2 hours later, we all reached the top. Bathed in sunshine, we jumped and cheered with joy. [发表感想]The activity benefited us a lot. Not only did it get us close to nature and give us relaxation from heavy school work, it also promoted the friendship among us. What a wonderful time! 【厚积薄发】 Ⅰ . 完成句子 (1)面对这么多的困难,他们没能按时完成工作。 ___________________________, they failed to finish the work on time. (2)他不喜欢旅行,因为他晕车。 He doesn’t like traveling because he ___________ carsickness. Ⅱ . 句型转换 (1)改写句① 。 At 8: 00 am, ____________________________________, we set out for the top in high spirits. (2)把句② 改写为含分词短语作伴随状语的句子。 __________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________ Ⅰ . 单词?分类记忆 【核心单词】不可不记 1. ________ (vi. )运转;发挥作用 2. _______ (vt. )观察,观测 3. ______ (vt. )冒……的危险 4. ______ (n. )目标;目的 5. _____ (vi. )不同于,有区别→________ (adj. )不同的→_________ (n. )不同点 6. _______ (adv. )确切地,精确地→_____ (adj. ) 确切的,精确的 7. _________ (n. )相似性, 类似性→_______ (adj. )相似的;类似的 8. _______ (adj. )不同的,各种各样的→_______ (n. )多样性 9. __________ (n. )配备,设备→_____ (vt. )装备 10. __________ (n. )较喜欢的东西,偏爱→______ (vt. )偏爱 11. ______ (vt. )使惊愕(惊奇)→________ (adj. )令人惊愕的→_______ (adj. )感到惊愕的 12. _______ (vt. )使困惑→_________ (adj. )令人困惑的→________ (adj. )感到困惑的 13. ________ (n. )量,数量→_______ (n. )质量 14. ____________ (n. ) 不利,不利条件→_________ (n. )有利;有利条件 15. _____________ (adj. )不舒服的→___________ (adj. )舒服的 16. ________ (adj. )没有希望的→_______ (adj. )有希望的 17. ________ (n. )耐心→ _______ (adj. )耐心的 【高频单词】不可不知 18. _________ (n. )奇遇,冒险的经历 19. ________ (adj. )较重要的;较严重的 20. ________ (n. )志向,抱负 21. _______ (n. )高度,海拔→_______ (n. )态度 22. _______ (adj. )极度的→_________ (adv. )极度地 23. _________ (adj. )最大的,最多的→_________ (adj. )最小的,最少的 24. _______ (adj. )富有的,富裕的→______ (n. )财富 25. _________ (n. )陈述→_____ (v. )陈述 26. ______ (adj. )远处的;久远的→________ (n. )距离 Ⅱ . 短语?双语互译 1. 起飞 ______________________ 2. 就在此刻 ______________________ 3. 目的是,以便______________________ 4. 出现,到场______________________ 5. 使理解 (某事) ______________________ 6. 轮流______________________ 7. (坏事)突然发生,爆发_______________ 8. 把……关进监狱________________ 9. 在途中______________________ 10. 损坏,不能运转__________________ 11. 用完,耗尽______________________ 12. 继续做某事______________________ 13. 从事,参与______________________ 14. 为某事做准备____________________ 15. upside down ______________________ 16. back out _________________

17.stand by ____________________ 18. be fit (for/to do) ______________________ 19. go through _________________ 20. at one time ______________________ 21. in particular _____________ 22. have a huge influence on ________________ 语境取词——选用上面的单词或短语填空 ① The plane would _______(起飞)in an hour. He took a taxi__________(为了)catch it. Unfortunately, the taxi ______ _____ (抛锚)_________(在途中)to the airport. Therefore, when he _________(出现)at the airport, the plane had already left. He felt _____________ (不舒服的). ② Tom was ____________(准备)a job interview. He thought once he ____________(通过)it, he would ________(胜任)the job. When he was a high school student, he worked part-time at the job __________(一度;曾经), which _____________________(对……有巨大影响) his future career. He_________( 继 续 )with the job until he went to university. His ________(志向)was to be an engineer. Ⅲ . 句型?超级仿写 1. do you think 作插入语 Why ___________(你认为)people would want to go on this trip? 【仿写】你认为他们会去哪里? Where ___________they will go? 2. so. . . that. . . 引导结果状语从句 When I turned up for my first jump I was ______________(如此紧张, 以至于)I tried to back out. . . 【仿写】他如此不小心, 以至于把钱包落在了超市里。 He is _____________he has left his wallet in the supermarket. 3. it 作形式主语 ___________(很难)to get across how exciting it is! 【仿写】对有些同学来说, 学好英语很难。 __________________________________________________ 4. although 引导让步状语从句 ________________________(虽然马可年轻), he was very clever and could already speak four languages. 【仿写】虽然他 70 多岁了, 他仍然很活跃。 __________________________________ 5. while 引导时间状语从句 The prisoner was an author and he took dictation _____ ___________________________(当 马可给他讲他所有的故事的时候). 【仿写】他上大学时完成了他的第一部小说。 He finished his first novel _______________________. 6. too. . . to. . . 太……而不能…… Although people enjoyed reading his book, many of them

thought that Marco’s stories about China were ____________________(太离奇而不可信). 【仿写】这墙太高了, 我爬不过去。 ___________________________________ 7. have difficulty (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难 The next to go was Captain Oates, who was ___________________________(步行有很大 的困难). 【仿写】他和陌生人交流有些困难。 He ________________________________ with strangers. 8. before 引导时间状语从句 Goods were traded from market to market passing through many hands _____________________________________(在它们到达最终的目的地之前). 【仿写】在来这儿之前他们已经吃了晚饭。 _______________________________________ 梯级演练· 强技提能 Ⅰ. 单项填空 1. (2013· 上海高考)—I’m looking for a nearby place for my holiday. An y good ideas? —How about the Moon Lake? It is ________easy reach of the city. A. by B. beyond C. within D. from

2. (2013· 上海高考)Young people may risk ___ _____deaf if they are exposed to very loud music every day. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone

3. (2013· 浙江高考)People develop ______preference for a particular style of learning at ______early age and these preferences affect learning. A. a; an B. a; 不填 C. 不填; the D. the; an

4. (2013· 福建高 考 )Old-fashioned phones matter when wireless networks ________in disasters. A. turn down B. turn out C. break down D. break out

5. (2013· 湖南高考)You must learn to consult your feelings and your reason ________you reach any d ecision. A. although B. before C. because D. unless

6. (2012· 四川高考)At school, some students are active ______some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one another. A. while B. although C. so D. as

various; adventure; extreme) 2. 有些人认为这些活动具有较高的风险, 应被禁止, 而另一些人坚持认为这些活 动能带来新鲜的体验, 应当鼓励。(while) 3. 在我看来, 参加冒险活动是一种有效的缓解生活和工作压力的方式。 4. 不过, 冒险活动也有其不利之处, 并不适合每一个人, 而且, 这些活动应该在合 适的条件下进行, 还要有相关的装备。(disadvantage; equipment) 5. 因此, 在进行这些活动之前人们应该认真考虑。(before)
_____________________________________________________________________________________

7. (2011· 全国卷Ⅱ )—So you gave her your phone? —________, she said she’d return it to me when she could afford her own. A. My pleasure B. Not exactly C. No doubt D. All right

8. (2014· 德州模拟 )Trees need water to grow; ______, friendship needs our heart and passion to develop. A. fortunately B. generally C. naturally D. similarly

_____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

9. (2014· 滨州模拟)A clean environment can help the city bid for the Olympics, which ______will promote its economic development. A. in nature B. in return C. in turn D. in fact

___________________________________________________________________________

Ⅱ . 用所给单词的适当形式填空 1. He felt (comfort)because of being criticized to his face. (differ)and work together for our common goal. (anxious)as to how the talks would go. (extreme)difficult to get along with. (similar)with each other. (various)of reasons, as we will see.

__________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________

2. We should put away our 3. Daddy was trembling with 4. The old man was 5. They share a number of 6. This is a poor design for a 7. The

(confuse)arises because the real issues are hidden. (prepare)for the conference on educational work. (patience), courageous and wise. (ambition).

8. He is engaged in making 9. He is gentle,

10. On the whole, our goals are not too Ⅲ . 话题写作

根据提示, 利用本单元所学知识, 完成下面的小作文。 1. 如今, 越来越多的年轻人偏爱各种各样的冒险活动, 包括极限运动。(preference;


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