黄浦区 2017 学年度第一学期高三年级期终调研测试 英 语 试 卷
（完卷时间： 120 分钟 满分： 150 分）
2016 年 12 月 9 日上午
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. Infant Day Care, Good or Bad? The British psychoanalyst John Bowlby maintains that separation from the parents during the sensitive “attachment” period from birth to three may influence a child’s personality and lead to emotional problems in later life. Some people have drawn the conclusion from Bowlby’s work (21) _________ children should not be sent to day care before the age of three because of the parental separation (22) _________ involves, and many people do believe this. But there are also arguments (23) _________ such a strong conclusion. Firstly, experts point out that the isolated love affair between children and parents (24) _________ (find) in modern societies does not usually exist in traditional societies. For example, in some tribal societies, such as the Ngoni, the father and mother of a child did not raise their infant alone – far from it. Secondly, common sense tells us that day care would not be so widespread today (25) _________ parents and care-takers found children had problems with it. Statistical studies of this kind have not yet been carried out, and they have regularly reported that day care had a slightly positive effect on children’s development. But tests the issue. But Bowlby’s analysis raises the possibility that early day care has delayed effects. The possibility that such care might lead to, say, more mental illness or crime 15 or 20 years later can only be explored by the use of statistics. Whatever the long-term effects, parents sometimes find the immediate effects difficult (27) _________ (deal) with. Children under three are likely to protest at (28) _________ (leave) their parents and show unhappiness. At the age of three or three and a half almost all children find the change to nursery easy, and this is undoubtedly (29) _________ more and more parents make use of child care at this time. The matter, then, is far from clear-cut, though experience and available evidence (30) _________ (indicate) early care is reasonable for infants. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be (26) ________ have been used to measure this development are not widely enough accepted to settle
used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. administered G. measures B. assess H. original C. evaluating I. preexisting D. externally J. principles E. improperly K. vital F. life-threatening
First Aid: Difference between Death and Life First aid is emergency care for a victim of sudden illness or injury until more skillful medical treatment is available. It may save a life or improve certain ___31___ signs including pulse, temperature, and breathing. First aid must be ___32___ as quickly as possible. In the case of the critically injured, a few minutes can make the difference between complete recovery and loss of life. First-aid ___33___ depend upon a victim’s needs and the provider’s level of knowledge and skill. Knowing what not to do in an emergency is as important as knowing what to do. For example, ___34___ moving a person with a neck injury can lead to permanent health problems. Despite the variety of injuries possible, several ___35___ of first aid apply to all emergencies. The first step is to call for professional medical help. The victim, if conscious, should be reassured that medical aid has been requested, and asked for permission to provide any first aid. Next, ___36___ the scene, asking other people or the injured person’s family or friends about details of the injury or illness, any care that may have already been given, and ___37___ conditions such as heart trouble. Unless the accident scene becomes unsafe or the victim may suffer further injury, do not move the victim. First aid requires rapid assessment of victims to determine whether ___38___ conditions exist. One method for ___39___ a victim’s condition is known by the acronym ABC, which stands for: A – Airway: is it open and clear? B – Breathing: is the person breathing? Look, listen and feel for breathing. C – Circulation: is there a pulse? Is the person bleeding ___40___? Check skin color and temperature for additional indications of circulation problems. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Animal Rights Every conscious being has interests that should be respected. No being who is conscious of being alive should be devalued to thinghood, dominated, and used as a resource or ___41___. The key point of the idea known as animal rights is a movement to extend moral consideration to all ___42___ beings. Nobody should have to demonstrate a specific level of intelligence or be judged beautiful to be given moral consideration. No being should have to be useful to humanity or capable of accepting “duties” in order to be extended moral consideration. ___43___, what other animals need from us is being free from duties to us. Animal rights is about letting animals live on their own terms. It can be written into our
laws, but is not an actual list or bill of rights as we have for human society. It begins with our promises not to act like ___44___ of others. Animal rights is about justice ─ treating animals fairly. Why is animal rights ___45 ___? It is because we humans often act as though we are the only beings on the planet. Although we depend on other animals for our very survival, humans are the only animals that have upset the balance of nature. There are lots of ways that humans ___46___ animals. We domesticate them and use them for food, even though our nutritional needs can be completely supplied by a(n) ___47___ diet. Although other materials are available, we use animal’s skin and other body parts for clothing, furs, hats, boots, jewellery and even pet toys. Humans can talk about it but animals cannot. All animals wish to experience life in its fullness. Unlike many animals who have to kill to survive, humans do not. Why should humans cause ___48___ to other beings when it’s not necessary? As we do, animals protect their children; they feel fear; they warn each other of dangers; they play. We might differ from other animals in some ways, but that doesn’t give us the right to ___49___ them down, take their lands, pollute their waters, or use them for our conveniences. Animals also experience pain and it’s not difficult to observe ___50___ of pain in the way a conscious being reacts to it. We take advantage, cause distress, and act ___51___ when we use animals for amusement. Lots of pets are ___52___ on the streets when their owners no longer find it convenient or affordable to keep or care for them. Whether we admit it or not, it’s a prejudice to think we are ___53___ to animals and that it is our right to control them, which can only make people act mean, hateful or neglectful. However, each of us has within us the power to ___54___. We can adopt a different attitude, one that reshape our destiny. This will have wonderful effects on the planet’s other communities, for life is ___55___ avoiding suffering. It is interacting, singing, pursuing joy. We humans can learn to live responsibly, with respect, kindness and love. 41. A. companies 42. A. active 43. A. Indeed 44. A. followers 45. A. necessary 46. A. distinguish 47. A. animal-free 48. A. conflict 49. A. calm 50. A. signs 51. A. differently 52. A. abandoned 53. A. accessible 54. A. change 55. A. contrary to B. goods B. conscious B. Moreover B. friends B. neglected B. eliminate B. eco-friendly B. confusion B. chase B. symbols B. enthusiastically B. chosen B. appealing B. dominate B. more than C. insects C. intelligent C. Nevertheless C. masters C. respected C. exploit C. low-salt C. isolation C. pull C. symptoms C. gently C. oppressed C. reasonable C. persist C. owing to D. providers D. strange D. Otherwise D. tutors D. revolutionary D. raise D. well-balanced D. misery D. tear D. performances D. unfairly D. spoiled D. superior D. proceed D. rather than
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have read. (A) ①Did English football finally find a new star? At the age of 19, Theo Walcott came onto the scene by scoring a hat-trick for England in a 4-1 victory over Croatia in 2010 World Cup. ②Walcott’s lightning speed and accurate shooting turned the teenager into an overnight star. Many thought he was a new dawn for the England team. He was building his fame for his fast pace, with former Barcelona manager Pep declaring that “you would need a gun to stop him.” FIFA World Player of the Year winner Lionel Messi once also described Walcott as “one of the most dangerous players I have ever played against.” In addition to his speed, Walcott also possessed good balance, movement and technique. ③It was symbolic that Walcott’s goals came from the right-wing. The position had been played by “golden boy” David Beckham for more than 10 years. No longer were the cheers for Beckham. The fans’ hopes now rested on the shoulders of Walcott. ④Walcott was born in London to a black British Jamaican father and a white English mother. He grew up as a Liverpool fan due to his father’s support of Liverpool. When Chelsea asked him to be a ball boy, he used the opportunity to meet his Liverpool idols. ⑤The teenager’s rise to fame was not completely out of blue. He was part of England’s World Cup team in 2006, but he did not get to play a match. He also spent over two years at Arsenal, where he was fast becoming a key player. ⑥But that year, few were expecting the wonderful performance between England and Croatia. The teenager was the first England player to score three goals in a game since Michael Owen did so seven years before. ⑦Although England was full of superstars, they had a poor record in major tournaments. But things were beginning to change. The win against Croatia was sweet revenge. Croatia was the team which knocked England out of Euro 2008. ⑧Walcott’s wonderful performance lighted England fans’ hope for World Cup victory in South Africa in 2010, since England had not lifted the cup since 1966. ⑨But before England fans got too carried away, our reflection on the past history told us that placing a country’s hopes on one teenager was dangerous. 56. Which of the following CANNOT account for Walcott’s increasing fame? A. Fast speed. C. Positional sense. B. Masterly skills. D. Unusual family.
57. Why did the author mention David Beckham in the 3rd paragraph? A. To show that England football once had a glorious history. B. To illustrate that Walcott could be entitled “golden boy”. C. To indicate that England fans were difficult to please. D. To imply that people had high expectation on Walcott.
58. In the 5th paragraph, the underlined phrase “out of blue” most probably means “________”. A. impolite C. impossible 59. What is the author most likely to agree with? A. Walcott might not live up to fans’ expectation. B. Walcott might transfer from Arsenal to Liverpool. C. Croatia might change the history of the World Cup. D. England might be defeated by the opponent in the next round. (B) ? Overview Explore Stewart Island and the surrounding bays in our modern mini-buses. Our guides enjoy sharing their local knowledge of the history and environment of Stewart Island. Highlights include Lee Bay, the gateway to Rakiura National Park, beautiful Horseshoe Bay and amazing views of Paterson Inlet from Observation Rock. Village & Bays Tour Leaving from Stewart Island Season: All Year Duration: 1 hour 30 mins ? More information ? ? ? ? ? ? Departure location: Oban Visitor Centre. What to bring: Comfortable walking shoes or boots, waterproof jacket, warm sweater or fleece jacket, sunscreen or sunglasses, insect repellent and camera. Car parking: Vehicle parking is available at Oban (extra cost—reservations recommended). Wheelchair access: Available. Children ticket: Children under ten go free for travel as long as they are accompanied by an adult. Reviews ? “There was so much to see and learn that it was hard to take everything in. The bays we stopped at were beautiful with golden sandy beaches, the forests were overpowering and we expected dinosaurs to appear at any time, the views from lookout point were splendid and the anchor point with Bluff brought a smile. Thank you to Chris and the experienced team for such an informative tour.” Ron P ? “Any visitor to Stewart Island could do no better than take one of the guided tours from the Oban Visitor Centre—especially if you only have limited time available. We had the delightful and extremely informative Kylie conduct a small number on one of the village tours. This is a beautiful place—a few fascinating shops and restaurants, wonderful walks and warm and friendly people.” Michael Mason Prize: $45 (Adult) B. unexpected D. unintentional
“I love finding out about places and the guide was full of information and stories as we visited every interesting place and view in Oban (it didn’t take too long...). A great way to start a visit as it helps you know where everything is.” Kiwieric
60. If a traveler plans to leave a car at Oban, he had better ________. A. refer to the guides first C. make a reservation B. use wheelchair access D. walk to the center in advance
61. Herry, a six-year-old boy, wanted to have a sightseeing of the Stewart Island with his parents. How much should they pay for the mini-bus tour? A. $135. C. $ 45. A. breath-taking scenery C. dinosaur samples B. $90. D. Free. B. charming walks D. detailed tour guide (C) ①What does it say about the future of meat when the country’s largest processor of chicken, pork, and beef buys a stake(股份) in a start-up that aims to “perfectly replace animal protein with plant protein”? ②Tyson Foods announced this week that it purchased a 5 percent stake in Beyond Meat, the Southern California-based food-tech start-up that made headlines earlier this year with its veggie burger that reportedly cooks and tastes like real beef. ③To be sure, Beyond Meat’s meatless creations have yet to take the country by storm. Although the 100 percent plant-based burgers have achieved plenty of positive press since they appeared for the first time in May, so far they’re only available at Whole Foods stores in seven states. Even though the company’s “chicken” strips, “beef” pies, and meatless frozen dinners are available nationwide, Beyond Meat is hardly a household name. ④That may be what makes the news of Tyson’s investment all the more noteworthy. While the two companies declined to give details about the deal, it’s doubtful that Tyson’s 5 percent stake made much of dent(凹陷) in the meat giant’s coffers(金库). The company posted $41.4 billion in sales last year; prior to the deal with Tyson, Beyond Meat had reportedly raised $64 million in project capital funding—about what Tyson earns before lunch on any given day. ⑤Tyson is doing pretty great. The company reported record third-quarter earnings per share in August and says that it expects overall meat production to increase 2 to 3 percent during the next financial year. But like a big oil company shelling out cash to invest in wind power, Tyson’s toe-in-the-water move to team up with a start-up devoted to bringing more plant-based protein to American dinner tables seems to suggest the meat industry is starting to see which way the winds are blowing. ⑥Sales of plant-based protein, which totaled an estimated $5 billion last year, continue to pale compared with the market for meat in America—but vegetarian alternatives to meat are booming, with sales growing at more than double the rate for food products overall. The steady
62. If a traveler takes the guided tour, he can experience all the following EXCEPT ________.
drumbeat of news about the negative health impacts, environmental problems, and animal welfare concerns associated with meat consumption appears to be sinking in. According to a survey released in April, more than half of Americans surveyed said they plan to eat more plant-based foods in the coming year. 63. Beyond Meat’s veggie burger made headlines probably because __________. A. it makes perfect use of animal protein B. it uses high tech in the making process C. it tastes as good as a genuine beef burger D. it represents the diet trend in South California 64. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the state of Beyond Meat? A. It is the creator of the country’s first 100 percent plant-based burgers. B. It has been well received as its products are available nationwide. C. It is far from being a match to real food processing giants like Tyson. D. It provides high-quality dining experience in selected Whole Foods stores. 65. What can we infer from paragraph 4? A. The purchase of the stake barely costs a thing for Tyson. B. The 5 percent stake in Beyond Meat means a lot to Tyson. C. Tyson’s investment hasn’t caught the attention of the media as expected. D. Tyson is relying on this investment to raise more project capital funding. 66. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Meat will still take over the market in spite of other alternatives. B. A major American meat company is betting on plant-based protein. C. Tyson and Beyond Meat work together to build a global meat giant. D. Plants have been found to contain protein that does more good to human beings. Section C Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need. A. Many of us just drive on as we have right of way. B. It is this social aspect that makes many people suspicious about driverless cars. C. The latest robot cars are able to make the necessary eye contact with a human driver. D. Humans are always suspicious about new technologies of which they have little experience. E. Even many people with suspicion accept that emotionless AVs could cause fewer accidents than we humans. F. These safety-first robot cars could become victims of their own politeness and end up being bullied and ignored by aggressive, impatient humans.
Would You Bully(欺负) a Driverless Car or Show It Respect? Say you’re driving down a two-way street and there’s a truck unloading a delivery in the
opposite lane. The oncoming traffic needs to pull out into your lane to overtake. What do you do? ___67___ Eventually one of us feels charitable and slows down to allow the oncoming car to overtake and give permission with a quick flash of headlights or a wave of the hand. But what if the car waiting patiently behind the parked truck is a driverless or autonomous vehicle (AV)? Will this robot car be able to understand what you mean when you flash your lights or wave your hands? Its sensors could decide that it’s only safe to overtake when there’s no oncoming traffic at all. On a busy road at school home time, this may be never, leading to increasingly angry drivers queuing behind. ___68___ This is one of the conclusions to be drawn from research carried out by Dr Chris Tennant of the psychological and behavioural science department at the London School of Economics. His Europe-wide survey finds that nearly two-thirds of drivers think machines won’t have enough common sense to interact with human drivers, and more than two-fifths think a robot car would remain stuck behind our assumed parked truck for a long time. Driving isn’t just about technology and engineering, it’s about human interactions and psychology. The road is a social space. ___69___ “If you view the road as a social space, you will consciously negotiate your journey with other drivers. People who like that negotiation process appear to feel less comfortable engaging with AVs than with human drivers,” says Mr Tennant in his report. ___70___ A statistic often trotted out(动不动就搬出) is that human error is responsible for more than 90% of accidents, with our tendency to road anger, tiredness and lack of concentration. IV. Summary Writing Directions: Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible. Super Size Me Fast food, otherwise known as junk food, is a huge passion for a large number of people across the Western world. But what would happen if you ate lots of junk food, every day? Would it seriously damage your health? These were the questions which led Morgan Spurlock, an independent film-maker, to do an experiment, which he made into a documentary film entitled Super Size Me. The main basis of his experiment was that Spurlock promised to eat three McDonald’s meals a day, every day, for a month. He could only eat food from McDonald’s and every time an employee asked if he would like to “super size” the meal, he had to agree. “Super sizing” refers to the fact that with this type of meal you get a considerable larger portion of everything. Spurlock knew that by eating three McDonald’s meals a day, he would consume a lot of fat and a great deal of salt and sugar in each meal—much more than he needed. Although Spurlock knew he would put on a bit of weight, and that this diet was unhealthy, he wasn’t quite prepared for just how unhealthy it turned out to be. The changes in his body were horrifying in the first week, he put on 4.5 kilos and by the end of the thirty days he had gained nearly 14 kilos, bringing his total weight to a massive 98kg.
Spurlock says “I’d love people to walk out of the movie and say, ’Next time I’m not going to “super size”. Maybe I’m not going have any junk food at all. I’m going to sit down and eat dinner with my kids, with the TV off, so that we can eat healthy food, talk about what we’re eating and have a relationship with each other.’” Food for thought indeed.
第 II 卷 （共 40 分）
V. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 这款手表不防水。(resistant) 2. 这是他第一次出国，是吗？(It) 3. 他从来都是毫不犹豫的提出那些他认为对别人有帮助的批评。(hesitate) 4. 这篇文章值得下载，它不仅给读者提供了很多该课程的相关信息，而且还有大量的实用 网址。(provide)
VI. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 学生会将开展“免费午餐，小善大爱—为贫困山区孩子提供免费午餐”的活动，现招募 以下岗位志愿者： 部门 外联部 联系各社会机构，募集资金。 (Liaison Department) 宣传部 做好微信公众号 Free Lunch 信息推送工作，及时更新活动进展情况。 (Propaganda Department) 内勤部 管理资金，落实资金走向。 （Internal Affairs Department） 请选择一个你感兴趣并自认为擅长的岗位，写一封应征信（信中请不要出现真实的校名 人名） 。 信的内容必须包括： 1. 你打算应征的岗位； 2. 你应征此岗位的原因； 3. 如应征成功，你准备如何开展工作。 主要工作
黄浦区 2016-2017 学年度第一学期高三年级期终调研测试 英语试卷参考答案
Listening Comprehension: 1-10 ACBAB DACCD 11-20 BAA DBACBCB
Grammar and Vocabulary: 21. that 22. it 23. against 24. found 29. why 25. if 30. indicate
26. that / which 27. to deal 28. leaving 31-40 KAGEJ BIFCD
Reading Comprehension: 41-55 56-66 BBACA DDBA CADBA DADAB CBC CCAB 67-70 AFBE
Summary writing (the main points): Para. 1: Spurlock made an experiment to test the damage of eating lots of junk food and made a documentary film later. Para. 2-3: In the one-month experiment, Spurlock ate three super size McDonald’s meals every day if required, thus causing terrible increase in his weight. Para. 4: Spurlock hopes the film can help people establish a healthy eating habit. Translation: 1. This kind of watch is not resistant to water. 2. It’s the first time that he has been abroad, isn’t it? 3. He never hesitates to make the criticisms that he considers helpful to others. 4. The article is worth downloading, for it not only provides readers with much information about the course but also a lot of practical websites.