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现在进行时专题讲解

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现在进行时

一、学前测试
改错 ( ) 1. Are your brother speak English? ( ) 2. Does he likes to go fishing? ( ) 3. He likes to plays games after class. ( ) 4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. ( ) 5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. 用所给词的正确形式填空
1. Mr. Liu ______(have) no children. 2. _______his mother ______(cook)? Yes, she does. 3. My brother ___________ (like)to play football very much 4. My parents __________ (like) to read science magazines. 5. I want to _________(be) a teacher when I grow up(长大). 6. Everything _________ (go) very well. 7. Everyone __________(say) she is a good shop assistant. 8. He _________(get) up at six o’clock.
二、知识讲解

知识点一:

1.定 义:现在进行时表示正在发生或进行的动作。

2.标志词:(1) 时间状语 now 、at the moment (2) 句前有提示词 look 、listen 、look at …

3.谓语动词的构成:be +动词-ing 4.动词-ing 的构成规则

规则

原形

一 般 在 动 词 原 形 末 尾 加 wash catch watch

-ing 形式 washing catching watching

-ing

play listen clean

以不发音字母 e 结尾的动 make

词,先去掉 e,再加-ing

write

take

ride making taking riding

live

hope

以重读闭音节(辅元辅) 结尾的动词,双写末尾辅 音,再加-ing 以 ie 结尾的动词,先把 ie 变成 y 再加-ing

sit put get begin stop shop set run cut lie tie die

注意: see-seeing draw-drawing listen-listening

sitting putting getting lying tying dying

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现在分词很好记,动词后缀-ing。 直接加、去 e 加、双写加。 还有一点要注意 ie 要用 y 来替。
知识点二:
现在进行时的肯定肯定句、否定句、疑问句形式: 1、肯定句 (1)第一人称:主语 + am + 现在分词 + ……
eg. I am watching TV. 我现在看电视。 (2)第三人称单数:主语 + is + 现在分词 + ……
eg. She is washing the dishes. 她正在洗澡。 (3)第二人称及复数人称:主语 + are + 现在分词 + ……
eg. They are playing games. 他们正在做游戏。 2、否定句 主语 + 相应 be 动词 + not + 现在分词 + ……
eg. He isn't watching TV. 他没在看电视。 I am not cooking. 我没有在做饭。 We aren't haveing English calss. 我们没在上英语课。 ◆注意◆ is not 和 are not 可缩写为 isn't 和 aren't。 3、一般疑问句 句型 相应 be 动词 + 主语 + 现在分词 + ……? eg. Are you dancing? 他们正在跳舞吗?
Is he drawing a picture? 他正在画一张画吗? Are you talking with your friend? 你正和你的朋友谈话吗? 一般疑问句的答语 (1)肯定回答:Yes, 主语 + 相应 be 动词。 (2)否定回答:No, 主语 + 相应 be 动词 + not。
eg. Are you listening to the music? Yes, I am. / No, I am not. 你正在听音乐吗?是的,我正在听。/ 不,我没在听。 Is Aunt Wang knitting a sweater? No, she isn't. 王阿姨正织毛衣吗?不,她没有。
4、现在进行时的特殊疑问句 特殊疑问词 + 相应 be 动词 + 主语 + 现在分词 + ……?
eg. What are you doing? 你正在干什么? Who is singing a song? 谁在唱歌呢? Why are they cleaning their room? 他们为什么在打扫房间?
现在进行时特殊疑问句的答语 回答特殊疑问时,根据不同的疑问词的情况来决定回答方式。 回答 what 提问时,答语是现在进行时的肯定形式; 回答 who 提问时,只需说明主语是谁,再加相应的 be 动词即可。

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eg. What is he doing? He is writing a letter. 他正在干什么?他正在写信。 Who is swimming in the lake? Jim is. 谁正在湖里游泳?吉姆正在游泳。 5、现在进行时的用法 (1)表示阶段或现在正在发生的动作。 eg. Look! He is flying a kite. 看,他正在放风筝。
It is raining now. 天正下着雨。 Don't make any noise. The baby is sleeping. 不要吵,孩子正在睡觉。 (2)动词现在进行时常与 always 搭配使用,表示反复出现或习惯性的动作,隐含说话人的赞扬、喜 好或厌恶的情绪。 eg. He is always talking. 你老是说个没完没了。 She is always helping people. 她总乐于助人。 时间状语:now, these days, recently 等。 如果句子中出现提示语,如 look,listen 等也经常用现在进行时。 现在进行时用法口诀 主语在前 be 在后,现在分词跟着走,其他成分不可丢。 变一般很简单,把 be 提到句子前,否定句也不难,be 后要把 not 添。 还有一点要注意,动作提问 doing 替。
三、强化练习
写出下列动词的现在分词:

play____________ run______________ swim ___________make______________

go_____________ like______________ write____________sky_______________

read____________ have_____________ sing ___________ dance______________

put_____________ see______________ buy _____________ love______________

live___________ take______________ come _____________ get______________

stop___________ sit ______________ begin______________ shop_____________ 用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

2.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

3.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

4. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

5.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

汉译英。

1.康康在操场上打篮球。 Kangkang is playing basketball

.

2.他此刻正在睡觉。

He is sleeping

.

3.你在做作业吗?

you

your homework ?

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句型转换。 1.I am running on the playground .(变否定句)

I

on the playground .

2.She is dancing in the gym.(变一般疑问句,并做肯定回答)

dancing in the gym ?Yes,

.

3.They are sleeping at the moment.(划线部分提问)

中译英

they

at the moment ?

1.玛利亚在做什么? What

Maria

2.我们正在看电视。 We

3.Tom 在图书馆看书。Tom

完成下列现在进行时的句子:

now? TV.
books in the library.

1. The students _____ ______ (listen) to the teacher now.

2. Li Lei______ ________ (watch) TV now.

3. She____ _______ (look) at a nice picture now.

4. Look! The boys______ ________ (play) basketball.

5. —

he

(clean) the blackboard? — No, he isn’t.

6.Tom

(play) football on the playground at the moment .

7. Listen! They____ _________ (sing) a song. 选择填空。

( ) 1.What are you doing? I’m_____ an interesting book.

A. looking

B. seeing

C. reading

( ) 2. What ___ your sister doing? She _____ cleaning the floor.

A. are, is

B does, is

C. is, is

( ) 3. Kate is ___ her green dress now .

A. putting on

B puts on

C wear

( ) 4. Is she___ her homework? No, she___. A. do, doesn’t B does, isn’t C doing, is

D doing, isn’t

( ) 5. Look! The cousins _____ new sweaters.

A. are wearing B. wearing

C. are wear D. is wearing

( ) 6. Don’t talk here. My father and mother _____.

A. is sleeping

B. are sleeping C. sleeping D. sleep

( ) 7 Listen! The birds ___ in the tree .

A sing

B singing

C is singing

D are singing

( ) 8. Who _____ over there now?

A. drawing B. is draw

C. is drawing D. draw

( ) 9. The students _____ an English class.

A. have

B. having

C. is having D. are having

( ) 10. Listen! The baby _____ in the room.

A. crying

B. cried

C. is crying

D. cries

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