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人教英语新课标必修2多媒体教案 unit3


人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修

Unit 3

Computers

单元概述
教材解读 本单元围绕“IT 技术,计算机的发展史和机器人”这一主题开展听﹑说﹑读﹑写 等多种教学活动。“IT 技术,计算机的发展史和机器人”为 21 世纪人们日常生活中重 要的工具,所以这一话题在英语学习中占有重要地位。同时,学完本单元将会使学生对 机器人的了解更加深刻,今后会渴望了解其相关方面的知识,从而提高了学生学习的兴 趣和积极性。 1.1 Warming Up 部分通过讨论让学生了解计算机的发展情况。 1.2 Pre-reading 部分的三个问题包括看图预测,则进一步考查学生对计算机的发展 的基本常识的了解。 1.3 Reading 部分作者通过计算机之口介绍了计算机的发展历程,可以进一步看出 计算机的发展为人的生产生活所带来的便利,使人的生活质量有了很大程度的提高。 1.4 Comprehending 部分帮助学生归纳他们已知的和刚学到的关于计算机的几个不 同发展阶段,并且进一步讨论计算机的相关知识。 1.5 Learning about Language 分两部分呈现,分别是 Discovering useful words and expressions 和 Discovering useful structures,这两部分都同单元主题紧密相关, Discovering useful words and expressions 部分的词汇和 Discovering useful structures 部分的语法结构 的呈现也尽可能地安排在相关的语境中。 1.6. Using Language 部分通过一个机器人足球运动员的故事来引导学生进行读、 听、说、写的综合训练。 1.7 Summing up 从四个角度:有用的动词,动词短语,其他的表达和新句型结构总 结。 本单元内容,并总结所学的有关野生动物保护方面的知识。 1.8 Learning Tips 部分指导学生如果想把英语学好,不光要学习课本。一个好的学 习者还必须要利用图书馆、报纸和杂志,还要从收音机和电视上学习。另外,还可以利 用电脑来学习英语,电脑上有许多英语网站,帮助你增加词汇量,提高听、说、读、写 的能力。 单元目标 一、知识与技能 1.本单元是有关电脑知识的使用,使学生对其有一个初步的了解。让学生了解有 关中国民航运用计算机的情况;并学习如何使用向对方提建议的口语练习。通过单词的 学习掌握 go up, bring down, prefer to, and, but, although 等词的用法。本单元的语法重点 是现在完成时被动语态的使用,要求学生能够了解和掌握。 1

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
2.重点词汇、短语:although, waste, believe, necessary, passenger, record, at one time, greatly, correct, complete, decision, abroad, change for ;It would be a waste of …;In my opinion, we should … 3.日常用语:First of all, …;I believe…;Any reason? 二、过程与方法 为学生设置具体的语言环境,使学生较好地完成围绕机器人为主题的话题,培养学 生的英语思维能力,语言表达能力和一定的写作能力,以及通过课堂上师生,生生互动, 培养自主,合作和探究的能力。 三、情感、态度与价值观 在师生互动的活动中,激发学生的学习兴趣,加强教师的亲和力,增进师生之间与 生生之间的了解和沟通,充分发挥情感教学的优势。学生能在情景中分享丰富的情感体 验,感受写作完成后的成功和喜悦。 教法学法导航 教法导航 调动学生学习的积极性,让他们主动参与学习活动是教学的重点之一。通过设置 任务,启发学生讨论,激活学生思维,激发学生学习和运用英语的兴趣。在交流中培 养学生的交际策略,帮助其掌握用英语表达观点和做决定的功能用语。 学法导航 以学生主体的已有经验和内在动机的作用,充分发挥主体学习的主动性,去发现问 题,然后借助于软件的“帮助”去解决。 课时支配 第一课时:Warming up, Pre-reading, Reading, Comprehending 和 Leaning about Language 内容一致,将其设计成一节阅读课。 第二课时: Reading, Comprehending 和 Leaning about Language 中的重点词汇、 短语、 句型的语言学习课。 第三课时:将 Learning about language 中的 Discovering useful structures 设计成一节 语言学习课即语法课。 第四课时:将 Using language 中的 Reading, Listening 和 Writing 部分设计成一堂语 言运用课,重点培养学生语言综合运用能力。 第五课时:将 Language 中的 Summing up 与 Learning Tip 和 Checking Yourself 设计 成一节复习课。

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人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修

第 1 课时
教案Ⅰ Warming up,Reading and Comprehending
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1. 识记下面单词、 短语: calculate, universal, simplify, sum, operator, logical, technology, revolution, artificial, intelligence, solve, reality, personal, total, network, mobile, finance, rocket, explore, anyhow, goal, happiness, human race, from…on…, as a result, so…that… 2.找出重点句型: (1) I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before l was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. (2) As time went by, I was made smaller. (3) And my memory became so large that even I couldn't believe it! 3.掌握运用现在完成时的被动语态。 二、过程与方法 通过阅读和小组讨论了解文章的主题,让学生尝试运用文中关键词复述课文。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力和探究知识的乐趣,调动学生学习的积极性。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1.课文的整体阅读。 2.重点词汇、短语和句型的理解和应用。 教学难点 课文的整体阅读。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1.情景教学法。 2.小组讨论启发。 3.互动式教学。 学法导航 积极回答老师提出的问题,能够运用文中的词汇、短语和句式描述以机器人为主题 的话题的内容。 教学准备 教师准备 3

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
研读教材和新课程标准,设计教案和任务型作业;上网收集相关资料并制作课件。 学生准备 主动通过网络查找资料,预习课文,自我准备。教师提供相关网络让他们上网查找 不同时期机器人的特点。学生可以幻想,为他们自己设计机器人提供创造灵感。 教学过程 Step 1 引入话题 1. Show students the pictures of an abacus, a calculator, a huge computer, a notebook and a PC, ask: “If I am a math teacher, which can help me most?” 2. Write the expressions of giving opinions on the blackboard. Giving opinions I think that... In my opinion... I believe that... 3. Ask students to give their opinions, remind them of using the expressions of giving opinions. 4. Ask students to discuss what these items have in common, and then rank them according to the time of their appearance. 5. Ask some of the students to talk about what they know about computers. 6. Ask students to discuss “How have computers changed our life?”, and then have some of them give their answers, using the expressions of giving opinions. Step 2 读前准备 1. Questioning and answering—What do you know about computer? Electronic machine capable of performing calculations and other manipulations of various types of data, under the control of a stored set of instructions. The machine itself is the hardware; the instructions are the program or software. Depending upon size, computers are called mainframes, minicomputers, and microcomputers. Microcomputers include desk-top and portable personal computers. A multi-function electronic device that can execute instructions to perform a task. A device that accepts information, processes it, and supplies an output. A computer usually contains memory, a control unit, arithmetic and logical units, and a means for input and output. A programmable hardware component that is controlled by internally stored programs and that can perform substantial computations (including arithmetic and logic operations) without human intervention. A computer typically consists of one or more processing units, memory units, and associated peripheral input and output devices. Related to automation and electronic data processing. The Library of Congress commonly classes most computer-related books in HF5548, QA75-76, Z52, T385, and some TK ranges. A machine for performing calculations automatically calculator: an expert at calculation (or at operating calculating 4

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
machines) . A computer is a device or machine for making calculations or controlling operations that are expressible in numerical or logical terms. Computers are constructed from components that perform simple well-defined functions. The complex interactions of these components endow computers with the ability to process information. If correctly configured (usually by, programming) a computer can be made to represent some aspect of a problem or part of a system. 2. Discussing and sharing——How have computers changed our lives? Someday soon, if you haven?t already, you?re likely to plug into the computer network nation growing in our midst. Computer terminals, or small computers connected via modem (a modulator/demodulator circuit for encoding/decoding computer chatter) to ordinary telephone lines, should be as ubiquitous as the telephone itself. They?re a much more useful and humane tool than the phone, and with corporate America behind them the networks will be everywhere----changing our lives more than any technology since the automobile. Joining a computer network is the same as joining a community. Small systems are like villages, where new members are formally welcomed. The larger networks, the Source and Computer serve, for example, are cities-anonymous, full of life and events, but difficult to fit into. Step 3 阅读文章 1. Listening to the recording of the text WHO AM I? And read it. Turn to page 18 and listen to the recording of the text. Pay attention to the pauses, pronunciation and intonation of the native reader. 2. Reading aloud and underlining expressions Now we are to read the text once again and underline all the expressions in the text. Put them down into your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from WHO AM I? begin as…, a calculating machine, be built as…, at that time, a technological revolution, the start of artificial intelligence, write a book, be made to work, solve problems, from then on , grow any larger, As time went by, go back to…,be made smaller, memory became so large, stand there by oneself, be connected by…, share knowledge with others through…, be put into…, provide humans with…, deal with…, truly filled with… 3. Reading, identifying and settling Attention, please! It is time to skim the text one more time and identify the difficult sentences. Try analyzing the structures of the difficult sentences and discuss them among your group members. You may also put your questions to me for help. 5

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
Chat(online) (在线)聊天 To chat is to talk about ordinary things that are not very important. You can chat to one person or to many people. People also use this word now for parts of the Internet where we can talk with many different people at the same time. Usually, you chat on the internet in a chat room or messaging service like AOL(American On-Line) Instant Messenger (AIM), Yahoo Messenger, or MSN Messenger. Step 4 学习归纳信息 1. Scan the text for information to complete the table below, describing the development of computer. In 1642 In 1822 In 1936 1940s In 1960s In 1970s Now The computer began as a calculating machine. The analytical machine was made by Charles Babbage. The computer grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. The computer had grown as large as a room. The first family of computer was connected to each other. Computers were used in offices and homes. Computers connect people all over the world together. Paragraph 1 Topic sentence Supporting details Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me.

2. Read the text again and complete the chart below. Over time I have been These changes only changed quite a lot. became possible as my memory improved. Calculating machine Analytical machine Universal machine PC laptop

Tubes transistors chips communications Network world wide web finance trade robots mobile phones space rockets providing a life of high quality

Step 5 口语训练 How did computers develop? A calculating machine →_____________→_________________→_________________→____________ →_____________→ ________________→ Step 6 作业布置 1. Retell the passage. 2. P19 Ex3 In pairs discuss. 板书展示 (略) 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了六个环节,第一个环节让学生按老师的指令做动作来调 整学生的精神状态同时又复习了一些动词,为新课做知识上的准备;在第二个环节中, 6

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
通过读前准备让学生了解有关的背景知识;第三环节,通过阅读文章获取相关的信息, 增强对阅读能力的培养;第四环节信息归纳,让学生由输入信息阶段进入到输出信息阶 段,培养学生的总结归纳能力;第五环节,口语训练是学生能力的一个升华,学生们通 过前几个环节的训练,从而应该内化为自己的一个技能;第六环节,安排了安排的解决 重点句子和词汇的练习,以便为下一节课,另外还安排了一个开放性的问题,在锻炼学 生的综合语言运用能力的同时,又让他们学会搜集信息,合作与交流。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 在知识的舞台上,最渊博的教师也是最谦虚的学生。

教案Ⅱ Warming up,Reading and Comprehending
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.语言知识目标 (1) 学 习 掌 握 以 下 重 点 单 词 和 短 语 : calculate, simplify, sum, universal, solve, technological revolution, artificial, intelligent, reality, total, network, web, application, finance, character, as a result, explore, arise, in a way, anyhow, human race, operator, logically, rocket (2) 学习文章的拟人手法和以时间为顺序的写作方法。 (3) 学习了解有关电脑知识。 2.语言技能目标 (1) 发展学生听说读写的综合技能,培养学生的语言综合运用能力。 (2) 让学生能根据时间线索组织文章情节的发展。 (3) 让学生根据文章内容,发挥想象力,表达自己有关电脑的各种观点。 二、过程与方法 通过阅读和小组讨论了解文章的主题,让学生尝试运用文中关键词复述课文。 三、情感、态度与价值观 通过本文学习, 让学生对电脑网络更加感兴趣, 并在日常生活中学习逐渐应用电脑, 从而达到更加热爱生活的目的。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 7

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
教学重点 1.让学生初步掌握并运用本篇文章中所学的重要词汇。 2.培养和训练学生的多种阅读技巧,提高学生分析问题、解决问题的能力。 3.帮助学生在体验中学会与人合作。 教学难点 1.灵活运用所学词组。 2.灵活运用多种阅读微技能(predicting, skimming, scanning),提高学生的阅读能 力。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 灵活运用多种阅读微技能(predicting, skimming, scanning),提高学生的阅读能力。 学法导航 本课是有关电脑知识的阅读课,因此,要充分利用多媒体生动形象地展示电脑的历 史作用,使学生对本课产生兴趣,发挥教师的主导作用和学生的主体作用,创建一个平 等、和谐、友爱的课堂,培养学生自主学习、创新学习及分析问题和解决问题的能力。 教学准备 教师准备 电脑课件(a courseware)包括:图片、文字、音乐及视频 学生准备 说出自己所喜欢运动员的基本情况、找出文章中的一些重要词组。 教学过程 Step 1 Warming up 1. Greeting the students as usual. 2. Introduce the topic of computers Show the five pictures(an abacus,a huge computer,a calculator,a PC,a notebook computer) get the students name them in English. Through this task,students can have a and general idea about what they are going to learn. Besides,students are expected to have a discussion about what they have in common while looking at them. And they are required to use the given expressions in their discussion to express their ideas. T:Boys and girls,today I am going to introduce some machines to you. Now let?s see whether you can name them in English correctly,and talk about them. Now work together with your partners and try to find out what they have in common.

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人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修

Two minutes late,five students are asked to talk about them in class. S1:An abacus is an old calculating machine used in China until now. S2:A huge computer is built to solve some mathematical problems. But,in my opinion,it is too big. S3 : A calculator is a new calculating machine which can solve large number mathematical problems. And I think it is very convenient to carry and use,so we often use it. S4:A PC is a personal computer,which can solve all kinds of problems and is widely used in offices,schools,shops,at homes,etc. now. S5:A notebook computer is a kind of useful computer which can be taken conveniently like a notebook. But I think it is too expensive. T:Quite good. It seems that you are all quite familiar with these machines. But can you tell what they have in common? Any volunteers? S6:Let me try. I think they all calculate something. They can deal with some math problems. S7:I believe that they are our good friends. With their help we can finish our work quickly. S8:The 21st century is the century of information technology. As middle school students,we should try to learn how to use computers. T : Well , your opinions are all right. Indeed, all these machines can calculate something. What?s more,from the abacus to the notebook computer,there is a long way. But now computers have already changed our lives greatly. But do you know more about computers and can you say something about how computers have changed our lives. Step 2 Pre-reading 1. Find the words for each of the following meanings from the text. — to make things easy (simplify) — to find the answer using numbers(calculate) — can be moved easily from place to place(mobile) — anyway(anyhow) 9

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
— activity of managing money (finance) — to work out the answer to a problem (solve) — completely (totally) — connected computer system (network) 2. Finish the timeline below. 1642: The computer began as a calculating machine. 1822: The Analytical Machine was made by Charles Babbage. 1936: The computer grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. 1940s: The computer had grown as large as a room. Step 3 Reading Task 1. Skim the passage for the general idea. T:Boys and girls,you will be given two minutes to skim the passage and try to find out who “I” am and get the general idea of this passage. After two minutes. T:Time is up. Who would like to tell us who “I” am and give the general idea of the text to the class? Volunteer! S12:Of course,“I” am the computer. The passage is mainly about the history and development of computers. S13:The passage is also about the relationship of computers and humans. Task 2. Careful reading 1. Let the students read the text carefully and then finish the following exercises. ① In the first paragraph, “simple-minded” means ___. (B) A. clever B. stupid C. kind D. good-looking ② The computer developed from ___ to ___ and then, it becomes ___. (C) A. big, large, huge B. huge, big, small C. not very big, very large, small D. very large, not very large, small ③ It can be inferred that ___. (C) A. the computer may be as clever as human beings B. the computer may be clever than human beings C. the computer will play a more important role in serving the human beings D. the computer will take the place of human beings some day ④ At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the start of my “artificial intelligence”. The underlined word means ___. (D) A. natural B. mathematical C. clever D. man-made Task 3 Match each paragraph with their topic sentences. 10

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
Paragraph 1 A My memory improved. Paragraph 2 B Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me. Paragraph 3 C I began as a calculating machine in 1642 in France. 1-C; 2-A; 3-B Step 4 Important and useful structures 1. As time went by, I was made smaller. 2. My memory became so large that even I couldn?t believe it. 3. I have been used in offices and homes since 1970s. 4. As a result I totally changed my shape. Exercises 1. As he grew older he lost interest in everything except gardening. 2. He is so young that you must excuse him. 3. I like these English songs and they have been taught many times on the radio. 4. As a result he often comes here to talk to me. Step 5 Retell the text Have the students get prepared in 3 minutes and retell the development of computer with their own words, using chronology. Fill in the timeline to remember the facts. T:But can you memorize facts like a computer? I am afraid you can not. But let?s try to remember the facts in the passage by filing in the timeline on Page 19,which,I am sure,will help you remember the facts easily. Timeline 1642:The computer began as a calculating machine. 1822:The Analytical Machine was built by Charles Babbage. 1936:Alan Turing wrote a book to describe how computers could be made. 1960s:Computers had new transistors and became smaller. 1960s:The first family of computers connected to each other. 1970s:Computers were brought into people?s homes. Now:Computers connect people all over the world together. Step 6 Homework 1. Recite the key sentences. 2. Prepare for Learning About Language. 3. Try to retell the text using about 100 words. 板书展示 Unit 3 Computers Period 1 The general idea of the text: Questions 1. Where were you in 1642? 2. What happened to you in 1822? 11

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
3. What were you called in 1936? 4. What did you get in the 1960s? 5. What happened to you in the 1970s? Language points: 1. in common/have... in common (with)... 2. in one?s opinion 3. deal with 4. simple-minded 5. “as” and “with” 6. “There were times when... ” 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了六个环节,第一个环节是导入部分,让学生根据图片 和标题推测课文内容,提高学生推测文章内容的能力,激发学生阅读课文的兴趣。第 二个环节 是速读环节,本设计着重提高让学生在阅读中猜测词意并记住生词的能力, 并让学生了解电脑发展历程。 第三个环节 是细读环节,本设计旨在提高学生通过阅读 获取信息及根据上下文推测词义的能力 ,提高学生的概括能力,提高学生的学习兴 趣。第四个环节 是重点句式的提示分析,有利于学生掌握语言点并应用于写作中。第 五个环节 是复述课文,让学生复述课文既可以巩固已学知识,有利于提高学生组织语 言的能力,又可以提高学生大胆开口说英语的胆量和勇气。第六个环节是布置作业, 本设计侧重提高学生的自主学习能力,促使他们在学习和练习中不断提升感悟能力和 创新能力。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 导师应该记住,他的工作不是要把世界上可以知道的东西全部交给学生,而是使得 学生爱好知识, 尊重知识,再使学生采用正当的方法去求知,去改进他自己。 ——英国教育家洛克(1632~1704)《教育漫话》 :

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人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修

第 2 课时
教案Ⅰ Reading, Comprehending and Learning about language
教学目标 一、知识与技能 (1) Get the students to learn the useful and expressions in this part. (2) Let students to learn about history and basic knowledge of computers. (3) Develop students' reading abilities and let them learn different reading skills. 二、过程与方法 通过查阅资料、老师提示和小组讨论了解文章的主题,让学生学会熟练使用知识目 标中列出的单词和短语,会争取使用词汇、短语和句型。 三、情感、态度与价值观 Arouse students' great interest in learning computers and let them learn to use the computers in their daily lives. 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 重点词汇、短语和句型的理解和应用。 教学难点 1.Let the students learn more about history and basic knowledge of computers. 2.Get the students to learn different reading skills. 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1.Task-based teaching and learning 2.Cooperative learning 3.Discussion 学法导航 查阅资料,小组讨论,自行解决课文中出现的重点词汇、短语、句型的用法。 教学准备 教师准备 学案以及一些与电脑有关的资料、图片。 学生准备 词典、资料等。 13

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
教学过程 Step 1 作业检查 1. Remind students of what they have learnt in Reading. 2. Ask two more students to do the presentation. Step 2 词的练习 1. (1) Let students do Exercise 1 in Discovering useful words and expressions. (2) While checking the answers with the students, ask students to say out the Chinese meaning. 2. Let students do Exercise 2, Complete the passage with the words below. Then ask a student read out his or her answers. Step 3 课文重要语言点 1. Find out and discuss the important sentences in the passage. (1) Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums. (2) …how I could “think” locally and produce an answer quicker than any person (3) At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the start of my “artificial intelligence”. (4) From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. (5) As a result I totally changed my shaper. (6) Over time my memory has developed so much that, … (7) I have also been put into robots and used to make mobile phones as well as help with medical operations. (8) I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human race! 2. Drill for important words and phrases. (1) calculate v.计算,核算;估算,估计 ① Then how do you calculate your taxes ? 那么你们是怎样计算税收的呢? ②Dee looked at the bill and made some rapid calculations. 迪看着账单,同时进行着 速算。 ③The loss has not yet been____ accurately, but it is believed to be well beyond a hundred million dollars. (2009 湖北) A. calculated B. considered C. completed D. controlled (2) solve vt. 解决;解答 ① He is good at solving word puzzle. 他善于解字谜。 ②There are no simple solutions to the problem of overpopulation. 对人口过多的问题 没有简单的解决方法。 ③This problem was beyond our ability and we couldn't _____ it by ourselves. So we turned to Dr. Lee. A. simplify B. fancy C. imagine D. solve (3) reality n. 现实;实际;真实 14

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
①I know, he needs someone to bring him back to reality. 我知道,他需要有人来点醒 他。 ②Everyone likes the stranger, in reality he is a criminal. 每个人都喜欢这位陌生人, 其实他却是个罪犯。 ③At last she realized her dream of becoming an actress. 她最终实现了当演员的梦 想。 (4) application 应用,运用;申请;请求;申请书/表 ①Jack gives his application letter to the Music Club. 杰克把他的申请信交给了音乐俱 乐部。 ② I applied to four universities and was accepted by all of them.我申请了 4 所大学, 全都录取我了。 ③How do I apply for the job? 我该如何申请这个职位呢? (5) explore v. 探索;探测;探险 ①They explored this desert region in 1923. 他们于一九二三年在这荒漠地区探险。 ② Spain began the exploration of the New World. 西班牙开始了对新世界的探索。 (6) 辨析:anyhow 或 somehow 填空 ①_____, I don?t feel I can trust him. 不知怎么地,我觉得不能信任他。 ② It may rain, but____ I?ll go to the park. 天可能下雨, 但即使如此, 我也要去公园。 (7) goal n.目标,目的;球门 ①We have achieved our goal of building a shelter for the homeless.我们已经实现了为 无家可归者建庇护所的目标。 ②Baggio scored the first goal for Italy.巴乔为意大利队进了头一个球。 (8) compare…(with…) (把……和……)比较;相比 Michael?s new house is like a huge palace, _____with his old one. [2009 重庆,25] A. comparing B. compares C. to compare D. compared (9) have in common 与……有共同点:与……共有 ①In common with many other girls, she likes pop music, too. 和其他许多女孩一样, 她也喜欢流行音乐。 ②They share a common interest in photography.他们在摄影方面兴趣相投。 ③He sat down in his usual chair and enjoyed the sort of weather that is____ in the area. A. normal B. ordinary C. average D. common (10)【辨析】from/since ①She gave up smoking from then on. 从那时起,她就戒烟了。 ②He has lived here since then.自那以来他一直住在这里。 (11) go by 走过,经过; (时间等)流逝; (机会等)轻易错过;根据,按照 ① I?ve decided to go after that job in Ohio.我已经决定把俄亥俄州的那份工作争取 到手。 ② She went against her counsel?s advice.她没有照律师的忠告去做。 ③ You didn?t know what I have gone through. 你不知道我遭受了什么苦难。 15

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
(12) 【辨析】as a result/ as a result of ①As a result of the pilots? strike, all flights have had to be cancelled. 由于飞行员罢 工,所有航班都被迫取消了。 ② Sara wasn?t at school last week, with the result that/and as a result, she missed an important test.萨拉上星期没上学,结果错过了一次重要考试。 ③ His illness resulted from bad food. 他的病是由于吃了变质的食物所致。 ④ Their dispute resulted in war. 他们的争端导致了战争。 3. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and try to analyze them. (1) I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before l was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage.我发育缓慢,差不多到了两百年之后,查尔斯· 巴 比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。( P18) 【句式分析】before 在句中用作连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“在??之前”, 在翻译句子时,常可译为“没来得及??就??;??(之后)才??”。 (2) As time went by, I was made smaller. 随着时间的推移, 我被造得越来越小。 (P18) 【分析】as 引导时间状语从句,表示“一边……一边……”,“随着”。 (3) And my memory became so large that even I couldn't believe it!我的存储量变得如 此大,以至于连我都不能相信!( P18) 【分析】本句中 so…that…意为“如此……以至于……”,其中 that 引导结果状语 从句。 Step 4 课堂作业 I. 用所给短语的适当形式完成下列各句。 as a result of; from now on; compared with/to; have something in common; go by 1. From now on, we will try to do better. 2. I think we have something in common finally. 3. Time goes by quickly on vacation. 4. He was late as a result of the snow. 5. The output of the factory this year has increased by 20 percent compared with/to that of last year. II. 根据括号内的提示,翻译下列句子。 1.他如此有趣以至于我们都喜欢他。(so…that…) He is so funny a man that we all like him. 2.由于大雾,该航班误点了。 ( result) The flight was delayed as a result of the heavy fog. 3.莎士比亚把世界比作舞台。 ( compare) Shakespeare compared the world to a stage. 4.还没等我再说什么,他已经冲向火车站了。 (before) Before I could say anything more, he had rushed off towards the station. 5.随着年龄的增长,她的信心增强了。(as) As she grew older, she gained in confidence. 16

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
Step 5 作业布置 Do Exercise2&3 in Workbook, P56. 板书展示 Important words 7. 1. 8. 2. 9. Important phrases 3. 4. 1. 5. 6. 2.

3. 4.

教学反思 根据本课时的特点,本课时安排了五个环节,第一个环节是检查作业,复习巩固上 节课所学的内容,为学习新课打好基础;第二个环节是个过渡环节,通过做课本的 “Discovering useful words and expressions.”进一步加强对课文中重点生词的词义和用 法的理解;接着第三步就是课文重要语言点的课文原句,找出这些重点词汇、短语和句 型的载体,为进一步加强词汇、句式的理解奠定基础;第四步就是具体深入地通过练习 的形式学习和掌握本课中出现的重点词汇、短语和句型,以便通过自己动脑、动手真正 地掌握这些词汇、短语和句型的用法;为了做到这一点,第五步就是一个针对性的课堂 训练,从而真正地内化为自己头脑中的知识。 课后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言: 教师要以东风化雨之情,春泥护花之意,培育人类的花朵,绘制灿烂的春天。

教案Ⅱ Learning about language
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.学习现在完成时的被动语态。 2.帮学生掌握和正确的使用时态语态,讲清楚主动和被动的区别。 二、过程与方法 从学生熟悉的现在完成时主动语态和被动语态的结构入手, 引导出现在完成时的被 动语态的构成,然后进行变被动语态的训练,以便学生能够熟练地掌握。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力,激发学生的积极思维和探究知识的乐趣。 学情分析 17

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
_______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 现在完成时被动语态的结构。 教学难点 现在完成时主动语态和被动语态的区别及使用场合。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1.任务型教学。 2.合作学习。 3.讲解训练。 学法导航 在老师的指导下进行主动变被动的训练,以达到能够区分主动和被动的目的。 教学准备 教师准备 多媒体课件,学案等。 学生准备 复习旧知,预习本节课的内容,明确现在完成时态的结构,推理出现在完成时态的 被动形式。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision T : Boys and girls , in last period we learned something about the history and development of computers. Now who would like to retell the text with the help of these figures? S1:Let me try. In 1642,a calculating machine was used in France. Then in 1922, the Analytical Machine was made by Charles Babbage. It could follow instructions from cards with holes. In 1936,Alan Turing,the real father of computers,wrote a book to describe how computers could be made to work and built a “universal machine” to solve any mathematical problem. Later , people discovered the computer had “artificial intelligence”. In the 1960s,the computer got his new transistors. Its size was totally changes at that time. And in the early 1960s,the first family of computers were connected to each other. In 1970s,computers have brought into people?s homes. Now computers have been used by billions of people to deal with information and communicate with each other around the world by the Internet. T:Congratulations! You?ve done very well. Now try to do the same to your partners, OK! Step 2 Words and Expressions Task 1. T:Please turn to Page 19 and finish Discovering Useful Words and Expressions. At 18

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
first,look at Ex.1. From the reading passage,find the words and expressions with the following meanings. Now,ten students will be asked to give the words. Who can? Volunteers! Check the answers together. Task 2. T:Well done. Now please look at Ex 2 and complete the passage with some of the words above. Pay attention to the use and the forms of those words. The possible answers: network so that went by totally truly simple-minded Anyway deal with Task 3. T:Please finish Ex.3. Look at the sentences on Page 20. Tick the right word. Then some of you will be asked to read the sentences one by one. The possible answers: 1. Life totally changed when I went to university. 2. I was amazed to find that I won the competition to design a new computer. 3. The competition was so exciting that we cheered all evening. 4. I was so excited at the thought of meeting Yang Liwei that I could not sleep. 5. Robots can be bought so cheaply that I gave one to each of my friends. 6. It was so unlucky that you lost your watch at the concert. Task 4. T:Please turn to Page 56 and let?s finish Using Words and Expressions. First look at Ex.1.Read through the words in the right-hand box below. Use some of them to name each part of a computer in the left-hand box. We have known about computer. But who can give us the exact names? The possible answers: 1. floppy disc 2. hard disc 3. scanner 4. modem 5. CD-ROM 6. monitor 7. keyboard 8. printer Task 5. T:Now please look at Ex.2.Complete the sentences with some of the words in the right-hand box above. You can use each word only once. First do the exercise individually, and then check your answers with your partners. And last seven students will be asked to report their answers to the class. The possible answers: 1.A printer is a machine for printing text or pictures onto paper,especially once connected to a computer. 2. A CD-ROM or disk is the main device that a computer uses to store information. 3. A monitor is used to see your data on a computer. 4. A keyboard is used to put data into a computer. 5. A CPU is often used to connect computers to each other through phone lines. 19

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
6. Data can also be stored in a floppy disc,which is small and can be carried easily. 7. A hard disc is a disc that contains computer data. It can store a large amount of data. Step 3 Grammar—the Present Perfect Passive Voice T:Boys and girls,now please pay attention to the following sentences in the text: 1. As the years have gone by,I have been made smaller and smaller. 2. Since then,my family and I have been used by billions of people to deal with information and communicate with each other around the world by the Internet. 3. I have truly been built to serve the human race since my birth. T:What verb tense is used in these sentences? And what verb voice is used in these sentences? Yes,the present perfect passive voice is used in these sentences. Can you tell us the structure of the present perfect passive voice? Quite right. The structure of the present perfect passive voice is “subject+have/has been done+object”. The function of present perfect passive voice is indicating verbs? the present perfect and the passive voice. OK,let?s practise the present perfect passive voice. Task 1. T:Please turn to Page 20. Let?s finish discovering useful structures. At first,look at Ex. 2. According to examples,change the following sentences into the present perfect passive voice. Put the verbs into the correct form. Suggested answers: 1. A new personal computer has been bought. 2. Many problems have been found with our new computer. 3. A PC has been built the way we wanted. 4. Our computer has just joined to the Internet. 5. The computer has been used every day since we bought it. 6. A lot of e-mails have been written on the computer in the last year. Task 2. T:Class,let?s play a game called “What has been decided”. Now,get into groups of four. Your task is to decide what things have been decided for the class. Take turns to make the ideas as interesting and lively as you like. You may finish them according to EXAMPLES on Page 21,(or finish Ex.3 after class.)Then collect the ones you all like best and be prepared to tell them to the class. Suggested answers: S1:It has been decided that those who know of the computer will be asked to say something in class. S2:It has been decided that those who didn?t clean the blackboard will be asked to come into office after school. Task 3. 20

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
T:Now,please turn to Page 57. Finish using structures. First,look at Ex. 1 and change the following sentences according to the model,and pay attention to the passive voice form. First do the exercise individually,and then check your answers with your partners. After that we?ll check the answers in class. Step 4 Homework T:OK,it?s almost time for a break. Now look at Ex. 2 on Page 57. Translate the following sentences into English after class. The words and expressions in brackets may help you. 板书展示 Unit 3 Computers Period 2 The Present Perfect Passive Voice 1. As the years have gone by,I have been made smaller and smaller. 2. Since then,my family and I have been used by billions of people to deal with information and communicate with each other around the world by the Internet. 3. I have truly been built to serve the human race since my birth. Structure: “subject+ have/has been done +object” 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了四个环节,第一个环节是复习上节课所学的重点单词和 短语,以及课文信息,以便使学生能够灵活熟练地应用;第二个课本重点词汇短语的应 用练习,为了准确地掌握并应用所学的词汇和短语;第三个环节是语法学习,通过复习 一般现在时的被动语态,引入一般将来时的被动语态,减轻学生学习新课的难度;并对 新讲解的;第四个环节的作业也是针对定语从句的一个巩固练习,从而做到学以致用。 课后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 最好的一种教学,牢牢记住学校教材和实际经验二者相互联系的必要性,使学生 养成一种态度,习惯于寻找这两方面的接触点和相互的关系。 ——杜威:《民主主义与教育》

21

教师备课系统──多媒体教案

第 3 课时
教案Ⅰ Learning about language ——Discovering useful structures
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1. Learn the Present Perfect Passive Voice. 2. Help the students master the way of using the correct voice, telling the differences between the active voice and the passive voice. 二、过程与方法 从学生熟悉的现在完成时主动语态和被动语态的结构入手, 引导出现在完成时的被 动语态的构成,然后进行变被动语态的训练,以便学生能够熟练地掌握。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力,激发学生的积极思维和探究知识的乐趣。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点、难点 教学重点 现在完成时被动语态的结构。 教学难点 现在完成时主动语态和被动语态的区别及使用场合。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 讨论现在完成时的主动形式和被动形式的变换规律,提高知识综合运用。 学法导航 在老师的指导下进行主动变被动的训练,以达到能够区分主动和被动的目的。 教学准备 教师准备 多媒体课件,学案等。 学生准备 复习旧知,预习本节课的内容,明确现在完成时态的结构,推理出现在完成时态的 被动形式。 教学过程 Step 1 检查作业 22

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
1.Have a word dictation: 2.Have a word dictation of 15 new words and 5 phrases. Then ask some students to make some sentences with some important words and phrases. Step 2 课前热身 Say: Are you familiar with these computers? Can you call them? (ask the Ss to distinguish different types of computers.) Do you know these new inventions of computer ? A wrist-worn PC has been invented recently. A pen-like computer has already been developed. (show them some pictures and ask them to make some sentences , using the Present Perfect Passive Voice.) E.g: It?s rather a hot day today! Would you like to have a swim after school? Have you ever swum in the Blue Water World 蓝色水世界) the Oriental Suntown (东 ( in 方太阳城) which has been set up in Taizhou? There a beautiful swimming pool has been built. Many high buildings have been set up. Lots of flowers and trees have been planted. A new bridge has been completed…. Ask the Ss to discover whether these sentences have something in common.. Help them to learn the useful structure : the Present Perfect Passive Voice. Step 3 学习现在完成时的被动语态 Give some explanations 1.构成: 主动语态 被动语态 现在完成时 have/has done?have/has been done He has been sent to study the new technology in the company. The dirty clothes have not been washed. Have the windows been cleaned? How many shopping centers have been built in this city? 2. 只有及物动词才有被动语态,不及物动词 (词组) 没有被动语态, 如:happen, take place, die, appear, disappear, fail, remain, lie, last, sit ,stand, break out, come true, belong to 等。如: What has happened to your brother? 3.但许多不及物动词加介词或副词构成的短语动词,相当于及物动词,也可以有 被动语态。但短语动词是一个不可分割的整体,变为被动语态时,不可丢掉构成短语的 介词或副词。如: The child has been taken good care of by Grandma Wang all these years. A notice has been put up on the wall Step 4 课堂作业 1. Change the following sentences into the Present Perfect Passive Voice. 23

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
(1) We have completed all the preparations for the task, and we?re ready to start. (2) This company has produced new types of computers. (3) They have interviewed several teachers for the job. (4) George has sent some texts and pictures to his friend?s cell phone. (5) They have developed some programmes for the human resource department of their company. 2. Change the following sentences into the Present Perfect Passive Voice. Put the verbs into correct form. Recently we have bought a new personal computer. We have used the computer every day since we bought it. We have just joined our computer to the Internet. However, we have found many problems with it. So we have decided to ask a professional man to fix it. Soon he has fixed the computer. He has built a PC way we wanted. How excited we are! These days we have written a lot of e-mail on the computer. We have decided to write a report about the positive and the negative effects of using computers. 3. Do some exercises: choice 高考链接(This step can be done according to teaching needs.) 1. —How long _____ at this job? B —Since 1990. A. were you employed B. have you been employed C. had you been employed D. will you be employed 2. When and where to go for the on-salary holiday ___yet. (2003 上海春季) D A. are not decided B. have not been decided C. is not being decided D. has not been decided Step 5 口语训练 Using the structure: Play a game—What has been decided. 1. Give the Ss the situation: Get into groups of four. Your task is to decide what has been decided for the class .Take turns to make the ideas as interesting or as lively as you can. 2. Give the Ss some examples: S1: It has been decided that those who do not do heir homework will be asked to return to school on Saturday. S2:It has been decided that those who keep the classroom tidy should be allowed to go home early everyday. S3: It has been decided … S4:… 3. Ask them to collect the ones they all like best and be prepared to tell them to the class. Step 6 作业布置 1.Finish Exercise 1 on P57. 2.Revise the Present Perfect Passive Voice. 板书展示 24

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
1.构成: 主动语态 现在完成时 被动语态 have/has done 现在完成时的被动语态 2. 只有及物动词才有 被动语态,不及物动词(词 组 ) 没 有 被 动 语 态 , 如 :happen, take place, die, appear, disappear, fail, 3.但许多不及物动词加介 词或副词构成的短语动词,相当 于及物动词,也可以有被动语 态。 但短语动词是一个不可分 割的整体,变为被动语态时,不 可丢掉构成短语的介词或副 词。如: The child has been taken good care of by Grandma Wang all these years. A notice has been put up on the wall

? have/has been done He has been sent to study the new technology in the company. The dirty clothes have not been washed. Have cleaned? How many shopping centers have been built in this city? the windows been

remain, lie, last, sit ,stand, break out, come true, belong to 等 . 如 : What has

happened to your brother?

教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了五个环节,第一个环节是复习上节课所学的重点单词和 短语,以便使学生能够灵活熟练地应用;第二个环节是课前热身活动,以便让学生能够 顺利地接受现在完成时被动语态的结构以及关系代词或副词在从句中所起的作用, 减轻 学生学习新课的难度; 第三个环节是通过简单句的合成进一步分析运用现在完成时被动 语态,这样更有助于学生从根源上解决现在完成时被动语态的来源;第四个环节就是对 新讲解的语法——现在完成时被动语态的巩固应用; 第五个环节的作业也是针对现在完 成时被动语态的一个巩固练习,从而做到学以致用。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 教育上的错误比别的错误更不可侵犯。教育上的错误正和错配了药一样,第一次弄 错了,决不能借第二第三次去补救,它们的影响是终身洗不掉的。 ——约翰?洛克

教案Ⅱ Extensive Reading (Reading and listening)
教学目标 知识与技能 1.掌握与本课相关的重点词汇和短语、句式。learn about the different ways of designing the robots and give their opinions to the class. 2.让学生能够讨论设计自己的机器人和设计的不同方法。 过程与方法 25

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
从学生的学习兴趣、生活体验和认知水平出发,倡导体验、实践、参与、合作与交 流的学习方式和任务型的教学途径的教学理念,尝试语篇教学。 情感态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力,激发学生的积极思维,并使学生互相了解,增进友谊, 加强合作与交流。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点、难点 教学重点 1.读懂课文 “Andy——The Android”并能回答相关问题。 2.能够写出如何设计机器人的报告。 教学难点 能够使用所学词汇、短语、句式写出设计机器人的报告。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 通过阅读,小组讨论把握文章细节,从而会写关于介绍一种机器人的作文。 学法导航 通过阅读、小组讨论写出关于描述机器人的文章。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 预习阅读和写作中出现的生词短语,写下你了解的关于机器人的有关情况。 教学过程 Step 1 Check homework. Now look at Ex. 2 on Page 57. Translate the following sentences into English after class. Step 2 Reading We?ve learned a lot about computers,but can you imagine that computers could be put into androids or robots. Think of the fun you could have! Now let?s first read the passage about a robot called Andy—what it looks like and what it can do on Page 22,and then we?ll have a designing competition to see who will design the best robots. The students read the passage for several minutes. T:A few simple questions for you. What does Andy look like? What can it do? S2:Andy looks like a human. It is designed to play football games and can move and think like a human. Andy is really smart. 26

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
T:I agree with you. Are you eager to design your smart robots? Now in small groups discuss how to design your own androids,draw a picture of your androids and write down your design. You may refer to the following questions: 1. What would you like it to look like? 2. What are some of the things you would like it to do? 3. Do you want it to be like a man or a woman or neither? 4. How much would it cost? T:And don?t forget to use the following expressions in your discussion. I think that In my opinion... What is your reason? I have decided that... After several minutes. T:Now,I?ll check your work. One from each group will show your picture of the android you have designed and tell the class your design. And we?ll see which group has designed the best android. Who would like to try first? S3:Look here. This is the picture of the robot we?ve designed. What does it look like? Yes,it looks like a dog. We all like dogs very much. Every morning it will wake us up so that we will not be late for school. Then it will company us to school and carry our heavy bags. You know how heavy our bags are! In the evening,after a whole day?s hard work,it will play beautiful music to help us relax. Maybe it will cost at least 2000 yuan,but we don?t think it is too expensive to have such a good friend. S4:Well,we?d like to design our robot in this way. We would like it to look like the famous footballer Beckham who serves as a striker on the football team. It has the most advanced program,so it can move and think like Beckham,and of course can shoot good goals like him. We would like it to enter the next Electronic World Cup,and we are sure that it will win the cup! T:Your designs are very unusual and smart. I really want to go on appreciating your designs,but time is limited. Will you put up your pictures of the robots you have designed with instructions on the back wall,and then decide which group has designed the best androids after comparison? Step 3 Reading Practice Class,let?s come to the Reading Task on Page 58. First read the passage quickly and then fill in the chart of Exercise 1 and keep a record of his performances of the sporting robot of the 22nd century,Hua Fei in 78th Olympics and 79th Olympics. After doing it individually,please check your answers with your partners,and then we will check the answers in class. Suggested answers

27

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
RECORD CARD Ability Performance in 78th Olympics Prize won Performance in 79th Olympics Reason for failure Treatment High flying exercises Wonderful turns,dives,circles and dances Silver medal Began very well but failed through on fault of his own. Parachute failed to open Two new legs and a new head HUA FEI

Step 4 Language points 1. signal 2. in a way 3. be determined to do sth. 4. make up 5. with the help of Step 5 Homework T:It?s almost time for a break. Now homework for you today. 1. Compare the designs of the androids of each group and try to decide which is the best. 2. Suppose you have been lucky enough to be allowed to interview Hua Fei in hospital for your school paper. Work out some questions together with your partner,and then interview each other. 板书展示 Period 3 Time 1642 1822 1936 1960s 1960s 1970s Now Reference for your design of the androids: 1.What would you like it to look like? 2.What are some of the things you would like it to do? 3.Do you want it to be like a man or a woman or neither? 4.How much would it cost?
RECORD CARD Ability Performance in 78th Olympics Prize won Performance in 79th Olympics Reason for failure Treatment High flying exercises Wonderful turns,dives,circles and dances Silver medal Began very well but failed through on fault of his own. Parachute failed to open Two new legs and a new head HUA FEI

Events

28

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了五个环节,第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识,以便更灵 活地应用;第二环节就是一个这篇文章的阅读,通过速读和细读两个环节让学生理解课 文的大意,可以在写作训练中加以尝试应用;第三个环节是个阅读训练,提高学生的阅 读技巧; 第四个环节是对文章中的重点知识点的讲解, 以解决学生在阅读中遇到的困难; 第五个环节是作业布置,进一步巩固所学知识。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 教学必须符合人的天性及其发展的规律。这是任何教学的首要的、最高的规律。只 教给学生以最本质的、最主要的东西,才能切切实实地掌握这种教材,使它不可磨灭地 铭记在学生的记忆里。 ——第斯多惠: 《德国教师教育指南》

29

教师备课系统──多媒体教案

第 4 课时
教案Ⅰ Reading, Listening 和 Writing
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.Get some general ideas on how computers help CAAC. 2.Learn some useful words and expressions. 3.Be able to use the new words and expressions to make new passage. 二、过程与方法 从学生的学习兴趣、生活体验和认知水平出发,倡导体验、实践、参与、合作与交 流的学习方式和任务型的教学途径的教学理念,尝试语篇教学。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力,激发学生的积极思维,并使学生互相了解,增进友谊, 加强合作与交流。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1.Read the passage “Andy——The Android” and can answer the related question about this passage. 2.Write a description of your android and what it can do. 教学难点 Be able to use the new words and expressions to make new passage 教法与学法导航 教法导航 通过阅读,小组讨论把握文章细节,从而会写关于介绍一种机器人的作文。 学法导航 通过阅读、小组讨论写出关于描述机器人的文章。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 预习阅读和写作中出现的生词短语,写下你了解的关于机器人的有关情况。 教学过程 Step 1 检查作业 Ask some students to read their answers about their homework. 30

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
Step 2 课前准备 1. Ask those Ss who have computers at home what they use computers for 2. Write those purposes down on the blackboard “Games, Word Processing, Programming, Internet, Chat, Drawing, Watching Movies, Making Flash Movies…” 3. Ask Ss questions before they get to the text (1) What can computers do for CAAC? (2) How do the computers sell the tickets? (3) Listen to the tape for Lesson 34 once. Step 3 阅读训练 1. Ask Ss to read the text. 2. Answer the following questions without looking at the book. (1) What is the computer used for in the CAAC? (2) What did people usually do when they wanted to buy a ticket before the use of computers? (3) How many the CAAC offices are there in the world? (4) Why do more people in China like to travel by plane? (5) Why do the people in the CAAC want to buy more computers? 3. Ask the next student to correct the mistakes if any. 4. Discussion (1) Ask Ss to work in a group of four to discuss that whether computers are useful in our daily study of English (2) Ask each group to present their idea and opinions 5. Language Points (1) Write down the useful expressions and ask Ss to explain and repeat the sentences teachers have given them (2) Ask Ss to make a short passage by using the words and expressions they have learned One possible answer: In my opinion, studying abroad is very good for those students who want to improve their language, because if they make a decision to go abroad to study, their English will be greatly improved. They also can correct their pronouncing mistakes. At one time, there was no chance for Chinese people to go to other countries. But now we can be a passenger on the plane to other country. We believe it is necessary to change our life for a better one. (3) Last, ask Ss to repeat the above passage Step 4 写作:写一篇报告

31

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
1. Suppose you and your partner are going to help choose computers for your school.

Now talk about the special things each of the computer can do and write a report to your headmaster. 2. Suppose you are an android. What would say to a spoiled child who would not do his homework? Write a letter to the boy. Android An android is an artificially created being that resembles a human being. The word derives from Greek Andr- ?man, human? and the suffix -eides used to mean ?of the species, kind, alike? (from eidos ?species?). The word droid, a robot in the Star Wars universe, is derived from this meaning. Some people maintain that, etymologically, the word android means resembling a male human and that a robot resembling a woman should logically be called a gynoid for sexist language to be avoided; however, this word is not commonly used. Unlike the terms robot (a mechanical being) and cyborg (a being that is partly organic and partly mechanical), the word android has been used in literature and other media to denote several different kinds of man-made, autonomous creations: a robot that closely resembles a human a cyborg that closely resembles a human an artificially created, yet primarily organic, being that closely resembles a human Although essentially human morphology is not the ideal form for working robots, the fascination in developing robots that can mimic it can be found historically in the assimilation of two concepts: simulacra (devices that exhibit likeness) and automata (devices that have independence). The term android was first used by the French author Mathias Villiers de l'Isle-Adam (1838-1889) in his work Tomorrow’s Eve, featuring a man-made human-like robot named Hadaly. As was said by the officer in the story, “In this age of Realien advancement, who knows what goes on in the mind of those responsible for these mechanical dolls.” Step 5 作业布置

32

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
1.Do the exercise of Reading Task in workbook on page 58-59. 2.Do the Writing Task in workbook on page 60. write your new passage and hand in next time 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了五个环节,第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识,以便更灵 活地应用;第二个环节是准备环节,减轻学生学习新课的难度;第三环节,是关于“什 么是事实,什么是观点”小阅读,这篇文章可以对写作起一个指导作业;第四环节就是 一个阅读训练。 通过对阅读中出现的一些写作技巧,可以在这篇写作训练中加以尝试应用;第五个 环节是一个关于写作的训练,通过这些训练可以把所知识准确地输出出来,对学生语言 的学习来说,这是一个非常重要的环节。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 人的教养不能够靠别人传授,人必须进行自我修养。一切苦修也绝不是文化修养, 教育是通过人的主动性来实现的,教育牢牢地钉在主动性上。 ——费希特

教案Ⅱ Reading, Listening 和 Writing
教学目标 一、知识与技能 培养听说能力和写作能力 二、过程与方法 从学生的学习兴趣、生活体验和认知水平出发,倡导体验、实践、参与、合作与交 流的学习方式和任务型的教学途径的教学理念,尝试语篇教学。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力,激发学生的积极思维,并使学生互相了解,增进友谊, 加强合作与交流。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点、难点 教学重点 通过听、说、写培养学生的语言英语能力。 教学难点 33

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
利用所学词汇、短语、句式写关于设计机器人的有关报告 教法与学法导航 教法导航 通过阅读,小组讨论把握文章细节,从而会写关于介绍一种机器人的作文。 学法导航 通过阅读、小组讨论写出关于描述机器人的文章。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 预习阅读和写作中出现的生词短语,写下你了解的关于机器人的有关情况。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision Check the students? interviews. Get the students to work together with their partners to interview each other. Step 2 Listening and writing(Page 21) Task 1. Listen to a conversation T:Class,as we all know,the 21st century is the century of information and technology. Next we will listen to a conversation about different kinds of information technology or IT. And as we know,each kind of information technology has its own advantages and disadvantages. So from this conversation we will listen for the advantages and disadvantages of each one. But before listening let?s first look at the pictures on Page 21 and the form on Page 22 to make sure what you are going to do while listening. OK, let?s begin. The students listen to the conversation for the first time. Task 2. Discussion and filling T:You can see there are a TV, a CD-ROM, a computer, a radio, a DVD and newspaper here. Now try to finish filling in the form with the information you have just got from the conversation. Suggested answers: Type of IT Advantages Disadvantages TV You can both listen and watch. You can?t write to friends. Web You can find information. It?s very expensive. Radio You can listen to English. You can not watch. Book You can get information. Sometimes it is out-of-date. T:Now, let?s discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type of IT in small groups and then decide which type of IT is best for you to use, according to the form above and explain the reasons. While discussing, remember to use the following expressions: I think that... 34

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
In my opinion... I believe that... I agree because... I disagree because... I?ve decided that... Step 3 Listening (Page 55) T :Now come to the listening on Page 55. Before you listening, please read the requirements of Ex.1.After that, you will find the three robots from the pictures above on Page 55 and number them. The possible number: Picture 1—No.3 Picture 3—No.2 Picture 4—No.1 T:Now please look at these boxes on Page 55 before you listen to the tape again, and try to find out the listening points. Pay more attention to these points and you may make some notes while listening. Three minutes later. T:Now try to fill in the boxes with the information from the listening material,and then check your answers with your partners. Suggested answers: Personal robot Information Size 35 cm What it looks like Robot with five arms What it can do All homework Price 50 yuan a day Bird-like android Size What it looks like What it can do Price Information 10 cm Bird-like android Sings beautifully 600 yuan

Lonely android Information Size 2m What it looks like Large,energetic robot What it can do Climbs mountains;plays guitar;sings karaoke Telephone number Room-1234 Step 3 Speaking (Page 22) T:Class,suppose you and your partner have been asked to help choose computers for your school. You have looked at several computers. Talk about the special things each computer has. Make a decision about which kind of computer to buy and explain why. And 35

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
then you are going to write a report about your choice There is a list of things your computer could have. A fast PC the monitor is smaller Improved disc storage used recycled materials Internet a flat screen Students talk about the special things each computer can do. T:So much for the talking. And now you will be given five minutes to write a report about your choice. After that some of you will be asked to present your report to the class.In your writing try to use the present perfect passive in your report. You may begin your report like this: We looked at many different computers. The one we have chosen is the PEP personal computer. One of the main reasons is that it is suitable for schools. We found out that... Five minutes later,several students begin to present their reports to the class,and the teacher will show two or three reports using the projector to find out and correct the possible mistakes with the class. Possible version We looked at many different computers. The one we have chosen is the PEP personal computer. One of the main reasons is that it is suitable for schools. We found out that it looked not only cute but also advanced. First,it has a flat screen which makes the computer pretty attractive. But the second and the most important aspect about the PEP is that it has undergone a lot of improvements in many respects. For example,it contains improved disc storage and that means it?s faster PC. It?s suitable to be connected to the Internet. Also the PC has a smaller monitor and is made with used recycled materials which do no harm to the environment. In a word,we think it is suitable for our school. T:Thank you for helping choose computers which are suitable for our school,and I?m sure with these computers to be equipped in our school we will improve the teaching conditions and teaching quality of course. Now,let?s come to the writing on Page 23. Step 4 Writing(Page 23) T:Boys and girls,suppose you are an android and work for a family with one child who is very spoiled. The parents want you to do everything for them. The parents are kind, but they often ask you to watch over their child. How do you feel? What would you do if the child asked you to do his/her homework for him/her? Would you tell the child “no”? You may begin like this: Hello,everyone. My name is______. I?m a 321 model android. I work for the Li family... Now,you will also be given five minutes to write your opinion and feelings. Five minutes later,the teacher shows two or three of the passages written by the 36

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
students using the projector to find out and correct the possible mistakes with the class. Possible version Hello,everyone. My name is ______.I?m a 321 model android. I work for the Li family. My job is taking care of their only son. The parents are nice but the boy is spoiled. The family asked me to do everything for them,from shopping to cleaning the floors. But what?s terrible,the child asked me to do his homework! That?s too much! I?m an android, yes,but I?ve got my mind and feelings I can?t do things that are harmful to people against my will! Step 5 Summary and Homework T:Boys and girls,in this period, we worked hard and wrote two short compositions. You?ve not only learned to make your choices or express your ideas but also learned to give your reasons to support your choices or ideas. It?s really a practical writing job for you to do,don?t you think so? Such writing jobs,I?m sure, will help you improve your writing skills. Now homework for you today—go over the whole unit. Step 6 Assignment T:Class,I really appreciate your good performance in this listening class. I can see that your listening has greatly improved since you came to the senior school. Keep on your good work! OK,we have no time left. I?d like to assign you some homework to do. 1.Go over the listening and writing on Page 21 and get ready for the writing. 板书展示 Unit 3 Computers Period 4 A fast PC the monitor is smaller Improved disc storage used recycled materials Internet a flat screen 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了六个环节,第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识,以便更灵 活地应用;第二个环节是听力训练,通过听指导学生如何有效地听到所听的内容;第三 个环节,是说的训练,是口语表达的环节,设计这一步是为了让学生用所学表达兴趣爱 好的表达法来表达自己的观点;第四个环节就是一个关于写作的训练,通过这些训练可 以把所学知识准确地输出出来,对学生语言的学习来说,这是一个非常重要的环节;第 五个环节是总结,巩固所学内容,以便真正地掌握这些知识。第六个环节是布置作业。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 问题不在于教他各种学问,而在于培养他有爱好学问的兴趣,而且在这种兴趣充分 增长起来的时候,教他以研究学问的方法。 ——卢梭: 《爱弥尔》 37

教师备课系统──多媒体教案

第 5 课时
教案Ⅰ Summing up,Learning Tips, Checking Yourself
教学目标 一、知识与技能 解决本单元的重点知识点和学生作业和测试中出现的问题。 二、过程与方法 教师点拨,学生分析自己的错用,合作和询问解决个人存在的问题。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的自学能力和合作探究的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 学生测试卷中出现和仍然存在的难题、问题。 教学难点 写作方法的指导,学生习作的批阅。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 合作探究 学法导航 发现问题,合作探究 教学准备 教师准备 提前批阅学生习作,找出优秀者。 学生准备 提前把优秀的习作发给学生,让学生自己在全班同学面前朗读,表示对这个学生的 认可和鼓励。 教学过程 Step 1 测试(20 minutes) Step 2 作文评讲 1.List some errors made by the students and do the analysis. 2.Discuss how to avoid the careless mistakes in writing. 3.Ask the groups to exchange their writings and give advice to each other about it. 4.Read one or two compositions as good samples. 教学反思 38

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
1.Warming Up 过程根据教学需要,可以在单元开始或结束时进行。 2.每节课的目的都应该有所侧重,每个环节的作用也应有所不同,不要面面俱到, 一些“热身”活动应该轻轻带过,否则就不能控制课堂的时间。 3.写作的每一步骤都要到位,养成良好的写作习惯,特别要强调书写。 4.要加强学生在英语学习当中对词性、语态、时态的重视,体会英语和汉语在这 三方面的不同。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 教师应该善于挖掘孩子的潜能,培养他们包括学习能力在内的多方面能力。

教案Ⅱ Assessment
教学目标 知识与技能 解决本单元的重点知识点和学生作业和测试中出现的问题。 过程与方法 教师点拨,学生分析自己的错误,合作和询问解决个人存在的问题。 情感态度与价值观 培养学生的自学能力和合作探究的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 学生测试卷中出现和仍然存在的难题、问题。 教学难点 写作方法的指导,学生习作的批阅。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1.问答式提问。2。合作探究。 学法导航 发现问题,合作探究,完成测试内容。 教学准备 教师准备 39

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
提前批阅学生习作,找出优秀者。 学生准备 提前把优秀的习作发给学生,让学生自己在全班同学面前朗读,表示对这个学生的 认可和鼓励。 教学过程 Step 1 Greetings T:Good morning,boys and girls. Ss:Good morning,Miss. Step 2 Revision T:So far we have finished this unit which is about...? Ss:It?s about the history and development of computers. S1:I have learned tremendous about the computers,androids and I?ve made up my mind to learn computer science in the future if possible. T:Terrific. Step 3 Assessment T:Today we are going to see how hard you worked and how much more you know about computers. Now work with your partners and finish these questions first. 非测试性评价 1. To what extent are computer and Internet becoming part of your life? I use the computer and/or Internet to: —type my homework. —draw pictures. —play games. —communicate with my friends. —gather related information for my lessons. —buy the things I like,eg:books and clothes. —listen to music —watch movies. 2. What else do you think the computer and Internet will help you to do?
_______________________________________________

3. Which part s) the computer do you think need ( of (s) more improvement? Why? You can use Exercise 1 in the workbook(P56)as reference for the parts of the computer.
_______________________________________________

4. Look at the flow chart explaining how the computer technology has been developing and complete it with your partners. Then give a brief oral presentation on the development of computer technology with the help of the chart. When you?re preparing it,you can refer to the reading passage on Page 18 of the Student?s Book. Your oral presentation will be less than three minutes.

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测试性评价 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. In c with most educated people,he prefers classical music to jazz. 2. The invention of computer was a ______(技术的) revolution. 3. He is quite clever a boy though he looks s -minded. 4. In the past 20 years,my hometown has t changed. 5. Computers are often used to deal with information and communicate with each other around the world by the I . 6. There are many ways of ______(通讯)in the modern world,such as telephone, fax,and so on. 7. In the early 1960s,computers were connected by a n ,so that people could share information and talk to each other. 8. He is so clever that he is considered to have high ______(智力). 9. She was ______(徘徊) up and down the road,not knowing what to and where to go. 10. Could you tell me the advantages and d of being famous? Possible answers : 1.common 2.technological 3.simple 4.totally 5.Internet 6.communication 7.network 8.intelligence 9.wandering 10.disadvantages Ⅱ.句型转换/完成句子 1. Personally,I think the team who won first place cheated. ______ ______ ______,I think the team who won first place cheated. 2. I?m afraid something urgent has risen;I won?t be able to see you tonight. I?m afraid something urgent has ______ ______;I won?t be able to see you tonight. 3. As time ______ ______(流逝),my memory seems to get worse. 4. They?ve bought many books which are ______ ______(适合) teenagers. 5. The new type of mobile phone is expensive.______,it?s worth buying it. 6. He was foolish enough to accept her invitation. He was ______ foolish ______ he accepted her invitation. 7. How are you going to ______ ______(处理) the water pollution of the area? 8. You have to ______ ______ ______(做出决定) whether to accept the job or not. Possible answers : 1.In my opinion 2.come up 3.goes by 4.suitable for 5.Anyway/Anyhow 6.so,that 7.deal with 8.make a choice 板书展示 Unit 3 Computers Period 6 41

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
In my opinion so...that come up deal with goes by make a choice suitable...for 教学反思 学生们现阶段的认知能力比初中阶段有了进一步的发展,渐渐形成用英语获取信 息、处理信息、分析问题和解决问题的能力,因此我特别注重提高学生用英语进行思维 和表达的能力。他们学习英语方法由死记硬背转型向理解型并应用到交际上,他们有自 己的学习技能和策略,学会把语言学习与现实生活和兴趣联系起来。通过任务型课堂活 动和学习,学生的学习自主性得到加强,不再认为英语的课堂学习很枯燥,主动参与到 活动中去,成为课堂的主体,同时也加强了与他人交流合作的能力。他们会对课文内容 提出自己的疑惑和勇于阐述见解,并且从课内知识拓展到课外,通过多种渠道获取学习 资源。不过,本班学生的水平参差不齐,有些差距还相当大。因此在教学过程中,布置 的任务要兼顾各个层次的学生,使他们都有所收获。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 儿童正是作为一种精神上的存在而不仅是肉体上的存在, 才给人类的发展提供了强 大的原动力。也正是儿童的精神,决定了人类发展的进程,并有可能把人类引向更高级 的文明。 ——蒙特梭利 附:备课资料 Computer Basics To accomplish a task using a computer, you need a combination of hardware, software, and input. Hardware consists of devices, like the computer itself, the monitor, keyboard, printer, mouse and speakers. Inside your computer there are more bits of hardware, including the motherboard, where you would find the main processing chips that make up the central processing unit (CPU). The hardware processes the commands it receives from the software, and performs tasks or calculations. Software is the name given to the programs that you install on the computer to perform certain types of activities. There is operating system software, such as 42

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
the Apple OS for a Macintosh, or Windows 95 or Windows 98 for a PC. There is also application software, like the games we play or the tools we use to compose letters or do math problems. You provide the input. When you type a command or click on an icon, you are telling the computer what to do. That is called input. How They Work Together First, you provide input when you turn on the computer. Then the system software tells the CPU to start up certain programs and to turn on some hardware devices so that they are ready for more input from you. This whole process is called booting up. The next step happens when you choose a program you want to use. You click on the icon or enter a command to start the program. Let?s use the example of an Internet browser. Once the program has started, it is ready for your instructions. You either enter an address (called a URL, which stands for Uniform Resource Locator), or click on an address you?ve saved already. In either case, the computer now knows what you want it to do. The browser software then goes out to find that address, starting up other hardware devices, such as a modem, when it needs them. If it is able to find the correct address, the browser will then tell your computer to send the information from the web page over the phone wire or cable to your computer. Eventually, you see the web site you were looking for. If you decide you want to print the page, you click on the printer icon. Again, you have provided input to tell the computer what to do. The browser software determines whether you have a printer attached to your computer, and whether it is turned on. It may remind you to turn on the printer, then send the information about the web page from your computer over the cable to the printer, where it is printed out. II. Television Old portable television A television (also TV or telly) is a device (tool) with a screen that receives broadcast signals and turns them into pictures and sound. The word “television” comes from the words tele (Greek for far away) and vision (seeing). Usually a TV looks like a box. Older TVs had large wooden frames and sat on the floor like furniture. Newer TVs became smaller so they could fit on shelves, or even portable so you could take it with you wherever you went. The smallest TVs can fit in 43

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your hand. The largest TVs can take up a whole wall in your house, and may sit on the floor, or be just a large flat screen that can be mounted on the wall. Many TVs are now made in wide screen shape like movie theatre screens, rather than old, more square TVs. A television has an antenna (or aerial), or it has a cable. This gets the signal from the air, or cable provider. TVs can also show movies from DVD players or VCRs. TVs can be connected to computers and game consoles, usually through a kind of socket called “SCART”. III. Web or World Wide Web The World Wide Web is the part of the Internet that contains web sites and web pages. It is not used to describe WebPages that are used offline where net services are not available, or no computer network exists - such as Wikipedia on CD. In this case no real physical site exists other than the place where the computer is. Blog and Wiki capabilities will also not be available because these require a communication with other computers. IV. Radio Radio is a communications invention. Though originally used to communicate between two people, it is now used to listen to music, news, and people talking. Radio shows were the predecessor to TV programs. V. DVD DVD most commonly stands for “digital versatile disk”. It can play video that is of a higher quality than a VHS tape. VI. Two kinds of DVD They can also hold 4.7 GB of information as opposed to the 700 MB that a CD can hold. A plus of using a DVD for a video is the ability to have interactive menus and bonus features such as deleted scenes and commentaries. VII. E-mail E-mail (electronic mail) is a message, usually text, sent from one Internet user to another. E-mail is quicker than snail mail(mail) when sending over long distances and is usually free. To send or receive an e-mail, a computer with a modem and telephone line connected to the Internet, and an e-mail program are required. E-mail addresses are generally formatted like this: login@server.(com or fr or org or uk or other). Some companies let you send and receive e-mail for free from a website. Gmail, Hotmail and Yahoo! do this. VIII. Human Here are two humans. A man is on the left and a woman is on the right. A human or human being is a person, like you. A male human is a man, a female human is a woman. If you think about all humans in the whole world, they are called humanity. In the past, people have also used man and 44

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
mankind to mean all humans. Humans are called Homo sapiens by scientists. Humans are an animal species that belongs to the group called primates. Monkeys are primates too, but the primates most like people are gorillas and chimpanzees. Most scientists think that chimpanzees and humans came from a common ancestor by what is called evolution. Other animals even more like humans than chimpanzees once lived too, but they are now extinct. Human rights are those things that everyone deserves and the way they should be treated by other people.

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单元测试题
(满分 100 分) 第I卷
Ⅰ. 单项填空(共 15 小题,满分 15 分) 从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. _____ your factory, the one beside the river is of large size. A. Comparing with B. Compared with C. Compares to D. Comparing to 2. We usually walk _____ the river bank over there, but today I feel tired and won't walk _____ far. A. as long as; so B. as far as; that C. as often as; such D. as soon as; very 3. As time went______, it became stronger and stronger. A. by B. up C. down D. off 4. You'd better come back earlier ______ it is getting colder. A. as B. and C. but D. or 5. My spoken English has improved greatly______ my teacher and classmates. A. under the help by B. after the help from C. with the help of D. from the help of 6. The serial killings, which resulted in_____ of ten deaths, terrified millions of people living near the US capital. A. a number B. a lot C. a great deal D. a total 7. Whenever someone causes trouble, the policemen come and _____ it. A. meet with B. deal with C. see to D. come with 8. Can you believe that in ______ a rich country there should be_____ many poor people? A. such; such B. such; so C. so; so D. so;such 9. I can't tell natural flowers from____ ones in the shop. A. fake B. false C. artificial D. ugly 10. Mr. Johnson starts to work very early in the morning and goes on working until late in the afternoon______ a break at midday. A. with B. for C. as D. through 11. _____ her health is much improved, but she is still not really well. A. By the way B. In a way C. In the way D. In every way 12. I can't tell you the exact time when I'll get there, maybe at eight or nine or later._____, I'll be there as early as I can. A. Anyhow B. However C. Thus D. Therefore 13. More and more houses _____ in this village these years. A. built B. have built C. had been built D. have been built 46

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
14. Problems _____ because there was a lack of communication. A. raised B. added C. showed D. arose 15. The doctors and nurses ______the seriously wounded workers day and night. A. watched out B. looked over C. watched out for D. watched over Ⅱ. 完形填空(共 20 小题,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给的四个选项中,选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 Most of us can remember the days when we didn't use e-mail as an everyday vehicle for communication. Slowly but surely, it crept(慢慢移动) into 16 . E-mail is a 17 tool for college students at any level. It's available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and 18 at holidays. Most universities assign students an account entrance, 19 there is usually not even an option(选择) involved. You can do everything from consulting on homework and projects, 20 classmates, family and friends, and getting daily new services to 21 you informed of world 22 . But, what are the 23 ? E-mail can be e-jail. You might 24 hours writing and replying to e-mails 25 you should be busy with the books for an upcoming exam. 26 , you might be signed up for so many daily services, 27 horoscopes(占星术), new services, or personals, that your mailbox is so 28 “junk mail”, that finding the 29 e-mails through your box might take hours.. If you?re a student, 30 is precious. Create and organize your e-mail folders into important school-related mail, correspondence(通信) with friends and family, and a folder for jokes, horoscopes and other new services. 31 put the mail into the proper folders first, and when you've finished, bead for the important school-related folder first. Respond to the most important e-mails first and, 32 you have time, you can get to the others. 33 your friends from forwarding those tiresome jokes, tiresome quizzes, and chain mails. The minute you 34 you've got one, delete it 35 so you won't be tempted to read it. 16. A. the lives B. life C. our lives D. us life 17. A. valuable B. changeable C. favorable D. usable 18. A. even B. still C. ever D. yet 19. A. but B. so C. because D.except that . 20. A. keeping touch with B. getting touched to C. losing touch with D. keeping in touch with 21. A. keeping B. keep C. leaving D. leave 22. A. accidents B. incidents C. events D. things 23. A. advantages B. mistakes C. wrongs D. disadvantages 24. A. spend B. cost C. take D. pay 25. A. for B. because C. since D. when 26. A. Otherwise B. Or C. But D. However 27. A. such as B. such like C. for example D. so as 28. A. full up with B. full C. filled up with D. fill with 47

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
29. A. important B. necessary C. practical D. possible 30. A. money B. mark C. grade D. time 31. A. Sometimes B. Always C. Almost D. Usually 32. A. if B. although C. since D. because 33. A. Encourage B. Watch C. Discourage D. Refuse 34. A. examine B. check up C. find D. realize 35. A. later B. immediately C. after D. soon Ⅲ. 阅读理解(共 15 小题,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文。从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项(每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 。 A He walked in by dragging his feet. “Is 77 too old to learn the banjo?”he asked. “It's never too old to learn to play” I replied, keeping my doubts. Arthritic(关节炎) knuckles(指节) and his weak pace told me I was giving false encouragement. To my surprise and delight, Carl began banjo lessons three days later. With nothing to do at home but practice, Carl made incredible progress. First thing after breakfast he dutifully put in his required half-hour. While awaiting lunch he picked up his banjo again “for just a couple minutes.”After his nap, he again put on his finger picks. Carl was always early for lessons so it was a surprise when he didn't arrive one Tuesday. “Carl?s in the hospital” the voice recorded, “with a stroke(中风)”. Two months later, I shared a notice of Karl?s death with the banjo teacher. We both shed tears for a surprisingly skillful banjo student. Several months later, a tiny woman came into the store carrying a begonia(秋海棠). “This is for Carl's banjo teacher,” she said.“ I'm his wife, Mary.” “How is it that Carl wanted to play banjo?” I asked. “ Carl watched the performers when he was 10 years old. When they were packing up their instruments, the banjo player said to Carl, ”You want to see this up close?“ Carl climbed up on stage and from then on he wanted to play banjo. Carl had waited 67 years to fulfill a dream! Thank you for the best six months of his life.” 36. In the author?s opinion, Karl ______. A. was too old to learn banjo B. was never too old to learn banjo C. hadn?t ability to learn banjo D. must come to learn banjo 37. From the start of learning banjo to his death, there is about ____ . A. 2 months B. 6 months C. 8 months D. a year 38. Why did Karl decide to learn banjo? A. Because he watched a performance when he was young 48

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
B. Because he took part in a performance when he was young C. Because the performer wanted to teach him banjo after the performance D. Because he wanted to be a performer when he was young 39. We can learn from Karl that ______. A. learn to walk before you run B. no pains no gains C. A slow sparrow should make an early start D. it?s never too old to learn

B Teens, Television, and Depression A new study suggests that the more teenagers watch television, the more likely they are to develop depression as young adults. But which TV may be a question that the study leaves unanswered. The researchers used a national long-term survey of adolescent health to investigate(调查) the relationship between media use and depression. They based their findings on more than four thousand adolescents who were not depressed when the survey began in 1995. As part of the survey, the young people were asked how many hours of television or video they watched daily. They were also asked how often they played computer games and listened to the radio. Media use totaled an average of five and one-half hours a day. More than two hours of that was spent watching TV. Seven years later, in 2002, more than 7% of the young people had signs of depression. The average age at that time was twenty-one. Brian Primack at the University of Pittsburgh medical school was the lead author of the new study. He says every extra hour of television meant an 8% increase in the chances of developing signs of depression. The researchers say they did not find any such relationship with the use of other media such as movies, video games or radio. Doctor Primack says the study did not explore if watching TV causes depression. But one possibility, he says, is that it may take time away from activities that could help prevent depression, like sports and socializing. It might also interfere with sleep. 40. The researchers make the survey to find _____. A. how to use media for teenagers B. how to prevent depression as teenagers C. what relationship between watching TV and depression D. what result watching TV bring to teenagers 41. The best way to stop depression is to _____. A. make more friends B. take part in more activities 49

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
C. sleep for more time D. play many video games 42. From this passage we can conclude _____. A. adolescents should spend less time watching television B. adolescents should avoid watching TV as a child C. young men to develop depression are easier than young women D. depression depends on time of watching TV 43. In which section you can read this passage? A. News report B. Health report C. Economics report D. Development report C Computer programmer David Jones earns£35,000 a year designing new computer games, yet he cannot find a bank ready to let him have a credit card(信用卡). Instead, has he been told to wait another two years, until he is 18. 16-year-old boy works for a small firm The in Liverpool, where the problem of most young people of his age is finding a job.David?s firm releases(推出) two new games for the fast growing computer market each month. But David?s biggest headache is what to do with his money.Even though he earns a lot, he cannot drive a car, take out a mortgage(抵押贷款),or get credit cards.David got his job with the Liverpool-based company four months ago,a year after leaving school with six O-levels and working for a time in a computer shop.“I got the job because the people who run the firm knew. I had already written some programs, he said. ” David spends some of his money on records and clothes,and gives his mother 50 pounds a week.But most of his spare time is spent working. “Unfortunately, computing was not part of our studies at school,” he said. “But I had been studying it in books and magazines for four years in my spare time.I knew what I wanted to do and never considered staying on at school.Most people in this business are fairly young, anyway.” David added:“l would like to earn a million and I suppose early retirement(退休)is a possibility.You never know when the market might disappear.” 44.In what way is David different from people of his age? A.He often goes out with friends B.He lives with his mother C.He has a handsome income D.He graduated with six O-levels 45.What is one of the problems that David is facing now? A.He is too young to get a credit card B.He has no time to learn driving C.He has very little spare time D.He will soon lose his job 46. Why was David able to get the job in the company? A.He had done well in all his exams B.He had written some computer programs C.He was good at playing computer games D.He had learnt to use computers at school 47.Why did David decide to leave school and start working? A.He received lots of job offers B.He was eager to help his mother

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C.He lost interest in school studies D.He wanted to earn his own living

D San Francisco has long been a favorite place for travelers who are ready to learn languages. The mild (温和的) year- round climate, shops and restaurants, bars and night-life, and some of the most beautiful scenery in the US attract many visitors to this relaxed and welcoming city. Students are sure to find the San Francisco Bay Area a fun, safe and friendly place in which to live and study. This is the most important. English School in San Francisco is located in the heart of the city. It is one of the best San Francisco English language schools. You can see views of the city from your classroom! Many buses stop less than a five-minute walk from the famous Union Square, San Francisco Shopping Centre, the Financial District, Yerba Buena gardens and the Museum of Modern Art. The School is minutes away f'rom the cable cars (缆车) Chinatown and Fisherman's Wharf to and a boat ride on the bay. San Francisco is a great place to study English and learn about American culture, offering excellent opportunities in sports, entertainment and arts. The city borders(接近) excellent beaches,and you can sail or surf all year round. San Francisco has more restaurants than any other city in the US, and is the home of many theaters, music and dance companies, as well as museums. Just walking through the many areas of San Francisco, you are certain to find something wonderful. 48. What San Francisco attracts students most might be_____. A. the mild year-round climate B. its beautiful scenery C. shops and restaurants, bars and night-life D. a good place in which to live and study 49. English School in San Francisco ______. A. is the best tourist place in the U.S. B. is in the center of the city C. mainly teaches British culture D. is not easy to get to 50. Where can we most probably find this passage? A. A book on language study methods. B. A brochure(宣传册)on vacations in San Francisco C. An advertisement for English schools in the US. D. A guidebook to San Francisco for English learners.

第 II 卷
I.信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 下面是五个人想在广告中搜索一些自己需要的信息。阅读下面六个选项(A,B,C,D,E 和 F),选出符合各自需求的最佳选项。选项中有一项是多余选项。 1. ______ Adam has just graduated from Beijing University recently. He would like to 51

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be a newspaperman. 2. ______ Wendy is rather disappointed because her wallet had been lost when she got on a bus to work. 3. ______ It is Mr. Brown and his wife's third wedding anniversary. He plans to invite his wife to a romantic place to celebrate it. 4. ______ The Smiths have just moved to Guangzhou and need to have a place to settle down. 5. ______ Susan is a famous dancer with an attractive figure. She is putting on weight these days, though. She is anxious to take some efficient action. A. FOUND A. black wallet with some money inside. Come to Room 118 Great Hotel in the evening or call Tom at 2323 3388 B. WANTED A 3-bedroom apartment in the city centre. Rent fee: below $ 800 per month. Call Tony at 3836 3688 C. SINGLES' CLUB A club for singles who are looking for new friends. Ages: 25~45 Activities: parties, meals, swimming, concerts, dances. . . Time: we meet every Thursday at 8:30 pm! Address: 19 Jiangnan Road Tel: 3428 3488 D. SUNSHINE CLUB Join us for a 10-mile country walk on Saturday, October 10th. Children and pets are welcome. Meet at the NO. 1 Supermarket at 2 pm. Call Jeff at 6848 4866. E. SUMMER JOB Do you like to talk with people? Do you like to write stories? Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter. Please call Laura at 5555 8888. F. GREEN TEAHOUSE This teahouse is designed for couples--- most of the tables are for two. And all the tables look different. Here the couples will feel romantic indeed. The food is a little expensive, but the service is the best. II.书面表达(共 1 题,满分 15 分) 现在,网络改变生活已经成为一种趋势。试结合你自己的生活,谈谈网络如何改变 了你的生活并投稿给某英文报纸的网络科技交流版。120 词左右。 参考词汇:正面的:positive 负面的:negative

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人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修 参考答案
1. B compared with 意为“与??相比”, 过去分词短语作状语, 相当于 compared to。 2. B 第一空用 as far as 表示“远到??一直到??”; 第二空用 that 表示“那么”, 相当于 so。 3. A go by 表示“(时间)过去”;go up 意为“上升;上涨”;go down 意为“下 沉”;go off 意为“走开”。 4. A as 作连词,表示原因。句意为:因为天冷了,你最好早点回来。 5. C 句意为:在老师和同学们的帮助下,我的英语口语有了很大的提高。“在某 人的帮助下”用 with the help of,固定搭配。 6. D a total of 意为“总数;合计”。 7. B deal with 意为“处理”,即警察赶来处理麻烦事。meet with 意为“碰见;遇 见”。 8. B 先看第一个空,修饰名词短语 a rich country 自然应该用 such,如用 so,语序 应为 so rich a country;再看第二个空,people 前有 many 修饰,所以应该是 so many poor people,“这么多的穷人”,so 修饰 many;当然也可以说 many such poor people,“许多 这样的穷人”。 9. C 句意为:我辨别不出花店里的自然花与人造花。fake“假的,伪造的”; false“错误的”;artificial“人造的”;ugly“丑陋的”。 10. A 此处用 with,构成“with+名词十介词短语”复合结构,在句中作伴随状语。 11. B 句意为:在某种程度上说她的健康有所改善,但仍是不健康。in a way 在此 表示“从某种意义上说,从某个方面说”;by the way“顺便问一下”;in the way“挡 道”, in every way“在各方面”。 12. A 后一句句意为:无论如何我会尽可能早到那儿。anyhow (=anyway)意为“无 论如何,不管怎样”。 13. D 句意为: 近年来这个村子越来越多的房屋被建起来。 由句中的时间状语 these years 可知应用现在完成时,又因为房屋是被建造的,故应用被动语态。 14. D arise 指“(问题)出现”,答案为 D。 15. D 句意为:医生和护士日夜照看着严重受伤的工人们。watch over“照管,照 看”,符合句意。watch out“当心,注意”;look over“检查”;watch out for“提防; 防备”,均不合句意。 【完形填空答案解析】 16. C 尽管比较慢,但 e-mail 一定会渗入“我们的生活”。 17. A 根据上下文的叙述可知 e-mail 对大学生来说是一种非常有用的工具。 valuable 意为“有价值的,有用的”;changeable 意为“易变的”;favorable 意为“有利的,赞 成的”;usable 意为“可用的”。由句意可知选 A。 18. A 我们随时都可以使用 e-mail,一天 24 小时,一周 7 天,甚至是在节假日。 19. B 根据上下文可知,此处应表示因果关系。 53

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
20. D “和??保持联系”应用“keep in touch with”。 21. A 此 空 前 的 “to” 为 介 词 , 与 前 面 的 “from” 是 连 用 在 一 起 的 , 即 “from..to…”从……到……,故此处应用动名词。结合句意“熟悉了解世界大事” , 可知应选 A 项。 22. C accident 指意外事故;incident 指小事件;event 常指大事件,重要事件。 23. D 上文所叙述的都是 e-mail 的优势。结合下文以及本空前的 but 的转折,知应 选 D 项。 24. A cost 与 take 的主语通常为 sth.或 it,而不用 sb. ,而 pay 意为“付款”。故 选 A 项。 25. D 此句意为:你可能会花费很多时间来写邮件或回复邮件,而此时你本来应 该忙于看书准备考试的。故需要用 when 引导的时间状语从句。when 意为“在那时”。 26. D 根据文意, 此处是转折的意思。 后接句子常不用逗号。 but otherwise 意为“否 则,要不然”,不符合文意。however 无论从意思上还是结构上都是最合适的。 27. A such as 用于列举,而 for example 用于举例子,所以结合文意应选 A 项。 28. C 表示“充满的,装满的”可以用 be filled( up) with 或 be full of。 29. A 结合文意,此处肯定是表示查找重要的邮件。necessary 必要的;practical 实际的,实用的。 30. D 作为学生,时间应是最宝贵的。 31. B 通常都是先将邮件放入邮件夹里。 32. A 首先回复最重要的信件。然后,“若”有时间的话,可以再回复其他的。 33. C discourage+名词 (人) +from doing 为固定用法, 意为“打消 (某人) 要做?? 的念头”。 34. D examine,check up,find 意味着你肯定要看这些信息,所以与下文相矛盾。 35. B “立即”删去,这样你就不会想着去读了。 【A 篇答案解析】 一位 77 高龄的步履蹒跚的老人走进班究琴馆想学琴,老师接受了这个特殊的学生 了,从这位老师身上体现的真正的“活到老,学到老”的真正内涵。 36. C 推理判断题。 从第二段的第二句话“Arthritic(关节炎) knuckles(指节) and his weak pace told me I was giving false encouragement.”可以看出作者没想到 Karl 真的来学 班究琴了。 37. C 推理计算题。从最后妻子的话中可以 Karl 学了 6 个月的班究琴,两个月后 死了,共 8 个月。 38. A 细节理解题。从最后一段的内容可以看出 Karl 小时候看演出时迷上了班究 琴,从此就一直有这个梦想。 39. D 主旨大意题。 从本文 Karl77 岁开始学琴, 并且经过刻苦的训练学得很好了, 可以说是“活到老学到老”了。 【B 篇答案解析】 一项新的研究提出,青少年沉越沉迷与电视,会有更大的机率在他们刚成年的时候 得到抑郁症。但是这项研究并没有宽泛地指出哪类电视节目会导致或否。 54

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
40. C 细节理解题。从第二段的第一句话“…, the more likely they are to develop depression as young adults.”可以判断出正确答案为 C。 41. B 细节理解题。 从最后一段的第二句“But one possibility, he says, is that it may take time away from activities that…”可以找到答案的依据。 42. A 推理判断题。从全文的内容可以看出本文是介绍了科学研究的内容是一个 看电视的时间和青少年成人之后的心理问题之间的关系。 43. B 推理判断题。从整篇文章的内容来看,谈及的是青少年的健康成长问题, 故应该是健康栏目中出现的内容。 【C 篇答案解析】 44. C 细节判断题。由第一段首句可知,大卫设计了一种新的电脑游戏而获得 $35.000。故此可推断在这个年龄段,他有非常辉煌的收入。 45. A 推断题。由第一段可知,由于他没有达到法定年龄,没有资格申请信用卡, 故也没办法领取得到钱。 46. B 细节判断题。由“I got the job because the people who run the firm knew I had already written some programs” 。 47. C 推理判断题。 由最后一段可知, “Unfortunately, computing was not part of our studies at school”he said “But I had been studying it in books and magazines for four years in my spare time I knew what I wanted to do and never considered staying on at school.” 【D 篇答案解析】 本文主要讲的是旧金山是语言学习者游学的好去处。 48. D 细节理解题。根据第一段末尾的“Students are sure to find the San Francisco Bay Area a fun, safe and friendly place in which to live and study. This is the most important.”可知,学习语言的学生来到旧金山最重要的目的是生活和学习,因此选 D。 49. B 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句“English School in San Francisco is located in the heart of the city.”可知,这个学校位于旧金山的市中心。 50. D 文章出处题。本文主要讲的是旧金山是语言学习者游学的好去处,因为这 篇文章最有可能出现在为英语学习者提供的旧金山旅游指南上。 【信息匹配参考答案】1~5 EAFBD 【写作参考范文】 The Internet has affected my life in a positive way. Firstly, the Internet makes my life more colorful. Because the Internet can connect with anyone in the world, I usually log into English chat rooms to practice my English and try to make improvements in my writing. Little by little, I have come a long way and have a good feeling about my English. In addition, the Internet makes my life easier. Living in a different city without my parents, I often feel lonely and sometimes upset. It is the Internet that brings me and my parents together via e-mail and video chat. The Internet has changed our lives in many ways and it seems that no one can escape from its influence.

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