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2016年高三英语和平一模试卷及答案


和平区 2015-2016 学年度第二学期高三年级第一次质量调查英语学科试卷 第I卷 选择题(共 95 分)

第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 例:Stand over there______you’ll be able to see it better. A or B and C but D while 答案是 B

1.----There is always so much work to do.I am going to be driven mad. -----__________.It’s going to be all right. A No way B Go ahead C Keep cool D Never mind

2.The building has been specially designed to provide easy_______for people in wheelchairs. A road B means C way D access

3.The reason why he_______his post was that there was a more attractive and challenging job for him. A resigned B removed C replaced D remained

4.You can smoke here_______you leave a window open to let the smoke out. A even though B so that C as long as D in case

5._______in the center of the town,the shopping mall is crowded with hundreds of customers every day. A Locating B Located C Having located D To locate

6. Ten astronauts______into space since China’s first astronaut Yang Liwei succeeded in his space trip in 2003. A have been sent B have sent C had sent D had been sent

7. Never in all my life_______ that one day I would leave my place of birth and travel around the world. A do I think B I think C did I think D I thought

8. What I learn about this violence is_______ it has caused at least three deaths. A that B whether C what D when

9. Officials stated that a large number of flights had to be______because of the bad weather. A cut off B broken off C set off D put off

10. ----Where’s Laura? ---In hospital.She______ her sore eye examined. A has B is having C was having D had

11. Jackson refused to criticize his competitor,_______instead to focus on his own business. A chosen B to choose C choosing D choose

12.It is fantastic for children to have a harmonious family,_______the parents treat their child like a friend. A why B that C which D where

13.----How did you get to work after the accident? ---Thanks for asking_________. A That’s a good point B I managed somehow C I don’t get it D It’s a pity

14.John accepted the championship award_________the team. A in honour of B in favour of C on account of D on behalf of

15.Thank you for your timely help.Otherwise I________ in the experiment. A had failed 第二节 B would have failed C have failed D will fail

完型填空(共 20 题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从 16-35 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出 最佳选项。 For long, a little boy was wondering why his desk pal could rank 1st in the class, whereas he himself failed to: be only ranked 21st.So he asked his mom,” Mom, am I more___16___than others? I feel I am as careful as him, but how come I always____17____”Hearing the words , Mom was____18____ that her son’s self-esteem was now being____19____by the ranking system. She went____20____, not knowing how to explain. In another test, the son ranked Mom 17st,____21____his really wanted to pal remained her 1st.Back son that

home,he__22___the

same

question.

inform

intelligence___23___.However, was this the answer that her son was___24___curious about? Thank goodness she did not open her mouth. There were times she wanted to say,”You are too lazy. You are not as hard-working as

others…”but she stopped when thinking of her son was____25___from the pains of unsatisfied grades and rankings.She thought it cruel to add additional____26___on his son and was trying to find out a perfect answer. Time passing swiftly,the son finished primary school.____27___studying harder and harder,he was still unable to____28___with his pal.To show her pride of him,Mom decided to take him to the sea.During the trip,she___29___to give out an answer.Sitting on the___30___,she pointed to the front and said,”Do you see the seabirds over there?When the___31___come near,little birds can rise quickly while ’clumsy’ (笨拙的)sea-gulls would take more time to complete the process.____32___,have you noticed birds that finally fly across the endless___33___ are none other than ’clumsy’ sea-gulls? ” Now, the son no longer worries about his rankings, and no one would ____34____his rankings in primary school, because, with the 1st ranking,he is___35___to Tsinghua University. 16.A careless 17.A take care 18.A happy 19.A hurt 20.A crazy 21.A while 22.A missed 23.A changes 24.A ultimately 25.A learning 26.A work 27.A With 28.A put up 29.A failed 30.A bus 31.A waves 32.A Besides 33.A beach B important B fall behind B annoyed B improved B wordless B because B told B differs B immediately B suffering B duty B Except B come up B tried B train B wind B Therefore B land C stupid C make it C worried C lost C had C unless C raised C decreases C initially C varying C burden C Beside C end up C managed C sofa C food C Otherwise C ocean D handsome D make progress D excited D destroyed D angry D until D forgot D improves D constantly D dropping D time D Despite D catch up D remembered D beach D fishes D However D sky

34.A enquire 35.A praised 第二部分

B forget B admitted

C require C dismissed

D imagine D employed

阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2.5 分,满分 50 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Announcements Bret Harte vs Calaveras alumni boys The annual Bret Harte vs. CHS graduates boys basketball game will be held at 7pm,Saturday,Nov.30,at Calaveras High.All players must have played at least one year of varsity(校队) basketball. Cost to play is$30.Admission for audience is $5 for adults and $2 for kids.6-year-old kids and kids who are under 6 are admitted free.For more information,call Kraig Clifton at 743-0679 or Jeff Eltringham at 736-0162. CHS girls basketball Skills The Calaveras High School girls basketball program presents the Junior Redskins Winter Skills, a developmental basketball program for girls in fifth through eighth grades that will be held from 2 p.m to 4:30 p.m.Sundays.Sign-ups are still being accepted for the second of two five-week sessions,which will be held on five consecutive(连续的)Sundays beginning on Jan.10,2016. Cost is $25 per session.Each participant receives a T-shirt at the end of each session. For more information or to sign up, call Jeremy Malamed at 217-4563 or email sports.calent@gmail.com. CHS swim/baseball coaching vacancies Calaveras High School(CHS) is looking for a head boys/girls swim coach and a baseball coach for the 2016 season spring season. Applications will be accepted and jobs will remain open until filled.Interview dates are to be set.Anyone interested can stop by the district office or the high school for an application.For more information,call Mike Koepp at 754-1811. Foothills little league sign-ups Foothills Little League will hold sign-ups for the 2016 season from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m,Wednesday,Dec,4,at Pizza Factory in Valley Springs.All players must provide proofs of residency and a birth certificate.For more information,call Shawn Threet at 304-7399 or leave a message at 772-1516. Yoga in Rail Road Flat

Yoga is being offered at Rail Road Flat Elementary from 9:30 a.m. to 11 a.m,Fridays with instructor Kristine Louise. Costs are a $5 instructor fee and $2 donation to The Friends of Rail Road Flat School. For more information, visit friendsofrrfschool.org. 36.Who will take part in the game to be held on Nov.30? A All the students graduated from CHS B Boys who were on the CHS basketball team C Any audience who is from Bret Harte. D Boys who are studying in CHS at present 37.If you want to watch girls play basketball______. A you can realize your goal on Jan.17,2016 B you can make a call to Kraig Clifton C you can visit sports.calent@gmail.com D you can buy a T-shirt with the girls’ names 38.As an excellent baseball coach you will focus on______. A Footballs Little League sign-ups B CHS swim/baseball coaching vacancies C CHS girls basketball Skills D Bret Harte vs. Calaveras alumni boys 39.If you want to register in Football Little League_______. A you must prove to be a local resident B you must provide your graduate certificate C you must show your personal signature D you must provide your personal identification 40.If two adults take two children to practice yoga they should pay_______. A 20 dollars B 8 dollars C 28 dollars B In many business,computers have largely replaced paperwork,because they are D 14 dollars

fast,flexible,and do not make mistakes.As one banker said,”Unlike humans,computers never have a bad day.” And they are honest.Many banks advertise that their trades are “untouched by human hands” and therefore safe from human temptation(诱惑). Obviously,computers have no reason to

steal money.But they also have no conscience ,and the growing number of computer crimes shows they can be used to steal. Computer criminals don’t use guns.And even if they are caught,it is hard to punish them because there are no witnesses and often no evidence.A computer cannot remember who used it;it simply does what it is told .The head teller at a New York city bank used a computer to steal more than one and a half billion dollars in just four years.No one noticed this theft because he moved the money from one account to another.Each time a customer he had robbed questioned the balance in his account,the teller claimed a computer error,then replaced the missing money from someone else’s account.This man was caught only because he was a gambler(赌徒).when the police broke up an illegal gambling operation,his name was in the records. Some employees use the computers’ power to get revenge(报仇) on employers they consider fair. Recently, a large insurance company fired its computer tape librarian for reasons that involved her personal rather than her professional life.She was given thirty days’ notice.In those thirty days,she erased(清除)all the company’s computerized records. Most computer criminals have been minor employees.Now police wonder if this is “the tip of the iceberg”.As one official says,”I have the feeling that there is more crime out there than we are catching.What we are seeing now is all so poorly done. I wonder what the real experts are doing---the ones who know how a computer works.” 41.which feature of computers makes computer theft possible? A They are fast,flexible and accurate to run every program. B They usually function normally C They have no sense of what is right or wrong D They have no reason to steal money 42.The author uses the case of the head teller to show__________ A how computer criminals do evil things B how hard it is to find computer criminals C computers lack conscience D computer crime can involve a big sum of money 43.The head teller was found guilty of stealing_______. A after the police examined the illegal gambling operation documents

B when the police broke up the illegal gambling operation C after he was questioned on the unusual balance of an account D when he was caught transmitting money from one account to another 44.Why did the computer tape librarian erase all the company’s computerized records? A She might think it was right to revenge any injustice in professional life B She might think the employer was wrong to fire her for personal problems CThe company carelessly gave her enough time to do the erasing D The company always interfered with its employees’ personal life 45.What can we infer from the last paragraph? A Minor employees are supposed to be responsible for economic criminals B Of all crimes,computer theft is”the tip of the iceberg” C Computer crimes are all poorly done D There are more computer crimes committed by computer computer masters. C When I started university,people told me,”These will be the best days of your life.”Not only would these be the best days of my life,everyone said ,but they would also be the most exciting.By the end of my first year I was seriously considering dropping out.I had not made as many friends,had as much fun,or enjoyed my course as much as I thought I was going to .But I didn’t tell anyone. I certainly didn’t put it on Facebook----its culture of competitive sharing made me feel even worse.Visiting my friends’ Facebook,I found that they were clearly enjoying themselves a lot.Jemma Lamble and I are friends on Facebook---what impression did she get from my Facebook page?”There is one feeling I got when I clicked on Libby’s Facebook page and that is jealousy.” Talking to fellow students has made me realize how little resemblance our Facebook lives have to our real ones.”University life wasn’t the walk in the park I had expected,”says Jemma.”I certainly didn’t expect the feeling of loneliness that I experienced because I found it hard to connect with the people on my course. Sophie Smith remembers her first day :”As I walked into my first class,I tried my hardest to smile at everyone and make friends.But I was shocked by how blank some people were.I said to

one guy,” Wow,LCF,I still can’t believe I’m here .”He replied,”Well,LCF is lucky to have me. I don’t want to label everyone on the course because there are some lovely people too.” My time at university may not have been the dream that I signed up for,but it has made me who I am.LCF did not provide me with the social experience I dreamed of,but it has made me appreciate the good friends I have kept from my childhood and each new one I have made here. Studying in London was frightening at times,but I have become much more independent as a result.Now that I am starting my third and final year,I can look back and see that university has been an experience. 46.what can we infer from paragraph 1? A The author was hard to please B The author might not be very easy to get along with C The author had been fooled by those people D The author felt disappointed with her campus life. 47.which of the following is TRUE about Facebook according to the text? A A Facebook page may be a complete lie B People really enjoy themselves on Facebook C Facebook lives are a mirror of the real ones D Facebook makes a person competitive 48.The underlined part in the third paragraph probably means”_______”. A a comfortable journey on foot on campus B an easy or pleasurable experience C a matter of importance D something unexpected 49.Sophie Smith must have considered the guy who replied to her_______ A fortunate B humorous C impolite D considerate

50.what does the author mainly say in the paragraph? A She feels regretful B LCF is not her dream college C Hardship has made her stronger D Friendship weighs more than social experience

D So many of us hold on to little resentments(怨恨) that may have resulted from an argument,a misunderstanding,or some other painful events.Stubbornly,we wait for someone else to reach out to us---believing this is the only way we can forgive or rekindle(重新点燃) a frienship or family relationship. An acquaintance of mine,whose health isn’t very good,recently told me that she hasn’t spoken to her son in almost three years.”Why not?” I asked.She said that she and her son had had a disagreement about his wife and that she wouldn’t speak to him again unless he called first.When I suggested that she be the one to reach out ,she resisted at first and said,”I can’t do that .He’s the one who should say sorry .”She was literally(简直)willing to die before reaching out to her only son.After a little gentle encouragement,however,she did decide to be the first one reach out.To her amazement,her son was grateful for her willingness to call and sincerely said sorry to her.As is usually the case when someone takes the chance and reaches out,everyone wins. Whenever we hold on to our anger,we turn”small thing” into”big thing” in our minds. We start to believe that our positions are more important than our happiness.They are not.If you want to be a more peaceful person you must understand that being right is to let go,and reach out.Let other people be right.This doesn’t mean that you’re wrong.Everything will be fine.You’ll experience the peace of letting go,as well as the joy of letting others be right.You’ll also notice that,as you reach out and let others be “right”,they will become less defensive and more loving towards you.They might even reach back.But,if for some reason they don’t ,that’s okay too.You will have the inner satisfaction of knowing that you have done your part to create a more loving world,and certainly you will be more peaceful yourself. 51.What happened to the author’s acquaintance after she called her son? A She was literally willing to die B She received her son’s apology C She was encouraged by the author D She realized her mistakes 52.What does the author want to explain by taking her acquaintance as an example? A That is beneficial for both sides to reach out first B That a gentle encouragement will be helpful to solve the problem

C That painful events should be forgotten D That parents and children are easier to make peace 53.We can infer from the third paragraph that_______ A happiness matters more than preventing the embarrassment at reaching out first B to be peaceful is more important than to be right in any disagreement C to avoid arguments and misunderstandings means seeking for happiness D holding on to the right position leads to resentments 54.According to the passage,you can be more peaceful by_______ A trying your best to complete your own work perfectly B helping others create their inner content C being active and forgetting unpleasantness D understanding the importance of being less defensive 55.The author’s aim in writing this article is to argue that______. A many people hold on to little resentments B letting others be right will definitely make them reach back C Children should apologize to their parents first D It’s good to be the first one to reach out to break little resentments 第 II 卷 注意事项: 1.请用黑色墨水的钢笔或签字笔将答案写在答题卷上 2.本卷共 6 小题,满分 35 分 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 非选择题(共 35 分)

第一节 阅读表达(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。 When I was a kid,there was only one way my parents would let me stay home from school and that was if I had a high fever,most of my friens could stay home due to a stomachache or a mild fever---but not me...I had to be dying in order to stay home.By the way,my parents are both doctors.My parents used to say that they were teaching me how to have a good work ethic(职业道 德).I didn’t understand the connection until last week. The other day I was on the train and sat behind a young man who was complaining to his

friend about his life.He went on for twenty minutes about how his passion in life was to make movies,but he wouldn’t pursue it because he had no clue if he could make enough money and he didn’t waste time because it would take years to make it big.He then admitted to thinking about buying stocks(股票)by borrowing money because he thought he could easily make six figures within one year.His friend agreed with him and said,”The stock is good because you can make tons of money and only work for a short time.” I think they were indulging(沉溺) in the wildest fantasy.Many people these days don’t realize That when things seem to happen immediately,it is only because a lot of effort,determination and time have gone into them and it isn’t due to some miraculous(不可思议的)event.The easier it looks ,the more hours go into it.There is no excuse for laziness. Looking at the two young men,all of a suddden I was having a flashback of being ten years old and watching the television show Fame. In the show the dance teacher told her students,”if you want fame,fame costs and here’s how you start paying for it...in sweat.” Every time we watched that show,my dad would proudly say how right the teacher was because in order to succeed you have to work hard. 56.When did the author’s parents allow her to stay home from school? (No more than 10 words)

57.why did the young man on the train give up his dream of making movies? (No more than 15 words)

58.What will it take to make lots of money in a short time in author’s opinion? (No more than 15 words)

59.How do you understand the underlined sentence in the last paragraph? (No more than 15 words)

60.Do you agree with the author’s opinion?Give your reasons. (No more than 25 words)

第二节 书面表达(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 61.假设你是李津。最近你所在的城市将 9 月 28 日即孔子(Confucius)诞辰之日定为“汉字 书写日”。请你根据以下要点给你的美国笔友 John 写一封信,向他介绍此事。 1.设立原因 1:人们提笔忘字,写汉字机会减少; 2.设立原因 2:汉字具有悠久的历史,书法是一项传统艺术,都应被传承和保护 3.该日主要活动:书法(calligraphy)竞赛及优秀作品展览等 注意: 1.词数不少于 100 2.开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数 3.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear John, I’m writing to tell you something about Chinese Character Writing Day in our city.___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________此处不能答题 You are welcome to visit us at any time.


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