新编英语语法教程 第 19 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 19A 1. / 2. / 3. / 4. / 5. / 6. / 7. to 8. / ； to 9. to 10. to 11. / 12. / 13. / 14. to 15. to 16. / 17. (to) 18. / 19. / 20. (to) 21. / 22. (to) 23. / 24. / ；to 25. to 26. / 27. to 28. to 29. / ；/ 30. / 31. (to) 32. / 33. to 34. / 35. / 36. / 37. / 38. / ；/ 39. / 40. / ；/ Ex. 19B 1. Let me see 2. let drop 3. make believe 4. let it pass 5. Let her be 6. let fly at 7. let go of 8. lets slip 9. go hang 10. live and let live 11. make both ends meet 12. make do with 13. make do on 14. make…work 15. let sleeping dogs lie Ex. 19C 1. begging 2. coming 3. running 4. (doing) 5. playing 6. marrying 7. buying 8. improving 9. meeting 10. eating 11. having seen 12. lending 13. speaking 14. staying 15. smoking 16. increasing 17. having made 18. travelling 19. following 20. restraining Ex. 19D 1. write, beginning 2. doing, doing 3. leaving, going 4. having, told 5. being separated 6. building 7. speak, being 8. getting, closing 9. going 10. belling, say 11. trying, answer 12. increasing 13. becoming 14. trying, make 15. having heard 16. dislike, living 17. try, discuss, speaking 18. teaching 19. increasing 20. travelling 新编英语语法教程 第 20 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 20A a) 1. The two girls are attractive to look at. 2. The film was easy to follow. 3. The monkey was amusing to watch. 4. Reference books are useful to have. 5. The form is complicated to fill in. 6. Wet grass is difficult to burn. 7. A spring mattress is comfortable to sleep on. 8. Petrol is dangerous to set fire to. 9. Roast beef is nice to eat. 10.New countries are often exciting to go to. 11.The main road was busy to cross. 12.The twins are alike to look at. 13.One patch of ground was damp to walk on. 14.The music was gay to listen to. b) 1. / 2. It was easy to follow… 3. It was amusing to watch… 4. It is useful to have… 5. It is complicated to fill in… 6. It is difficult ti burn… 7. It is comfortable to sleep on… 8. It is dangerous to set fire to… 9. It is nice to eat… 10.It is often exciting to go to… 11. / 12. / 13. / 14. / Ex. 20B 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. I was sorry to learn… You will be sad to hear… They would be very surprised to receive… She is happy to have found… I was afraid to go… Bob was pleased to hear… I am very anxious to meet you. We were delighted to receive your telegram. You were sensible to stay indoors.
10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
The clerk was prompt to answer the call. This rule is easy to remember. We are reluctant to leave this neighbourhood. Our house is difficult to heat. Are you ready to leave? You would be foolish to go out in this weather. John is quick to see the point. He is very keen to get on. We are proud to have him as a friend. I was rude not to answer your letter. We are happy to have you with us this evening.
Ex. 20C 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. His decision to resign surprised all of us. He showed no inclination to leave. Her resolution never to marry baffled all offers of love. The City Council approved the proposal to build a new dam on the river. Their readiness to accept the peace arrangement really surprised the diplomatic world. He refused the invitation to write another article on the subject. The people of a country should have the freedom to choose their own social system. There is no need for you to start so early. I am not under the obligation to render him any financial support. They have the ability to wage biological warfare. He is not a man to be frightened by the threat of war. There are plans to be made at once. This is a day never to be forgotten. Give me the names of the people to contact. The next train to arrive is from Edinburgh. The last problem to be considered at our next meeting is how to invest the money. Was Cortes the first European ever to see the Pacific Ocean? The best man to see for your eye trouble is the professor of ophthalmology. The way to get into the building is to slip in through the kitchen. The first man to fly non-stop across the Atlantic was John Alcock.
Ex. 20D 1. Environmental pollution is a hard problem to be coped with. 2. There is no time to lose. We must start at once. 3. This is an infectious disease to be wiped out in a few years. 4. There was no sound to be heard. 5. I’ve spent two days here. There is nothing to see. 6. This is a good book in which there is much to be learnt. 7. This is an item of information not to say to any other prople. 8. This is a difficult question to answer. 9. At the sound of footsteps outside the window, I stole out of the room, but there was nothing to be seen. 10. He is a man to be reckoned with. 11. She was firm in her refusal to accept his offer of marriage. 12. I have accepted the invitation to go to their school for an exchange of experience. 13. I need a box to hold the chessmen. 14. What is there to be proud of? 15. He always thinks that the bed is a good place to read detective stories. 16. Every day I have a lot of question to consider. 17. The only way to deal with her is not to give an inch. 18. She is not a woman to be trifled with. 19. My brother was the third person to be interviewed. 20. You have left me very little to say. Ex. 20E 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. …supposed her to be a widow. …felt the plan to be unwise. …admit him to be a genius. …declared the book to be obscene. …found the overhead projector to be invaluable as a teaching aid. …thought the film to be highly original. …considered the speaker to have overstated his case. …showed the man’s alibi to be a complete fabrication.
9. …assumed the construction of such a building to be impracticable whereas…believed it to be perfectly feasible. 10. …revealed himself to be a master of the keyboard. 11. …knew him to be a man of integrity. 12. …discovered ￡20,000 worth of precious stones to be missing. 13. …thought it to be impossible,… 14. …understands it to be impossible… 15. …acknowledge many of their predictions to have been over-optimistic. 16. …that their informant was reliable. 17. …that the situation is now under control. 18. …that it was unlikely… 19. …that it was cruel… 20. …that what he said was based on fact. 21. …that it was likely… 22. …that his long-term optimism was justified. 23. …that his party has little chance of… 24. …that the ascent had taken nearly five and a half hours. 25. …that his evidence had been perjured. 26. …that earlier theories were incorrect. 27. …the gain in reserves was / has been… 28. …knowing that they had been stolen. 29. …that their candidate was unacceptable to them. 30. …that its implementation was desirable.