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2015-2016学年高中英语 unit3 section1 Warming up,Pre-reading,Reading同步练习 新人教版必修1


Unit 3
Ⅰ.单词拼写

Section Ⅰ

1.The salesman ________(说服)us to buy his product. 2.She is a ________(毕业生)student in literature. 3.They________(终于)realized that the whole thing was a joke. 4.They have planned a tight________(日程表)of travel. 5.He has the ability to________(组织). 6.The workers are ________(决定) to finish the job on time. 7.It is one day's________(旅程) to get to the seaside. 8.There were perhaps ten________(一步) between me and the bear. 答案: 1.persuaded 译文:那个推销员说服了我们买他的产品。 2.graduate 译文:她是个念文学的毕业生。 3.finally 译文:他们终于意识到整个事情是场玩笑。 4.schedule 译文:他们安排了一个紧凑的旅行日程。 5.organize 译文:他很有组织才能。 6.determined 译文:工人们决心按时完成这项工作。 7.journey 译文:到海滨是一天的行程。 8.paces 译文:在我和熊之间相距大约有十步。 Ⅱ.完成句子 1.Many people living in cities would actually ________ ________(更喜欢) live in the countryside.(prefer) 2.In school, we always arrange all kinds of activities ________ ________(按 时间表).(schedule) 3.________ ________ ________(决心培养)his daughter in English, he spent much money employing English teachers.(determine) 4 . Many young girls ________ ________ ________( 梦想成为 )astronauts like Liu Yang.(dream) 5.Who will ________ ________(照顾) the children if their parents are away? (care) 6.He has ________ ________ ________ ________(下定决心) to go abroad for further education.(mind) 7.Finally, she had to ________ ________ ________(屈服于)my new views.(give)

8 . She ________ ________ ________( 喜欢, 喜爱 )telling other people what to do.(fond) 答案: 1.prefer to 2.on schedule 3.Determined to train 4.dream about/of becoming 5.care for 6.made up his mind Ⅲ.语法单句填空 1.Ever since he caught the H1N1, Peter________(suffer)from so much pain that he is coughing day and night. 答案:has suffered 考查时态。句意:自从感染甲流,彼得很痛苦,日夜不停地咳嗽。 ever since 引导的时间状语从句要求主句用现在完成时。 2.I am fond of Gloria's attitude________life; she has never complained about anything. 答案: to/towards 句意:我欣赏 Gloria 对待生活的态度,她从不抱怨。 attitude 7.give in to 8.is fond of

to/towards...“对??的态度”。 3.Earth Day is a reminder that we need to care________the world we live in and that we should learn to respect life and nature. 答案:about 句意:地球日提醒我们善待我们所居住的地球,尊敬生命和大自然。care about“关心,惦念”。 4.—What's the girl like? —She was a brave girl. She fought bravely and her enemy had to give in________her at last. 答案:to 答语句意:她是一名勇敢的孩子。她和敌人勇敢搏斗,最终,敌人向她投降 了。give in to sb.“向??屈服,投降”。 5.—Would you like some coffee? —Yes, and please get me some milk, too.I prefer coffee________milk. 答案: with 句意: “来点咖啡?”“好的, 请也拿点牛奶来。 我更喜欢加奶的咖啡。 ” 由句意知,选 with;该题易思维定势误选 to,其意是“我喜欢咖啡胜过牛奶”。 6.________you began, you must do the work well or don't do it at all. 答案:Once 句意:一旦开始,你就必须把工作做好,否则就别做。once“一旦”引导 条件状语从句。 7.Mary left him,________(determine) never ________(set) foot in his home again. 答 案 : determined; to set 句 意 : 玛 丽 离 开 了他 , 决 定 再 也 不 踏 进 他家 一 步 。

determined“坚定的,有决心的”;be determined to do sth.“决定做某事”。 8.It was yesterday________he decided to make a trip to Europe.

答案:that 句意:是昨天他决定去欧洲旅行的。It was...that...是强调句型。 9.He is easy ________(approach). 答案:to approach 句意:他很容易接近。形容词后的不定式用主动表被动,approach 是及物动词。 10.He insisted that he________(do)nothing wrong and he not________(punish). 答案:had done; be punished 句意:他坚持自己没做错事不应该受惩罚。第一空是坚 持一个事实,不用虚拟语气;第二空 insist 是“坚持要”,所接从句用“(should+)动词原 形”的虚拟语气。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 Good afternoon, and welcome to England. We hope that your visit here will be a pleasant one. Today, I would like to draw your attention to a few of our laws. The first one is about drinking. Now, you may not buy alcohol in this country if you are under 18 years old, nor may your friends buy it for you. Secondly, noise. Enjoy yourselves by all means, but please don't make unnecessary noise, particularly at night. We ask you to respect other people who may wish to be quiet. Thirdly, crossing the road. Be careful. The traffic moves on the left side of the road in this country. Use pedestrian crossing and do not take any chances when crossing the road. My next point is about litter(throwing away waste material in a public place). It is an offence to drop litter in the street. When you have something to throw away, please put it in your pocket and take it home, or put it in a litter bin. Finally, as regards smoking, it is against the law to buy cigarettes or tobacco if you are under 16 years old. I'd like to finish by saying that if you require any sort of help or assistance, you should contact your local police station, who will be pleased to help you. 1.The main purpose of this speech would be to________. A.prepare people for international travel B.declare the laws of different kinds C.give advice to travelers to the country D.inform people of the punishment for breaking laws 答案:C 由开头的第一句可知,本文是一篇发言稿,由第一段的最后一句“Today, I

would like to draw your attention to a few of our laws.”可知讲话的目的就是给来这 里的旅客提出一些建议。

2.How many laws are there discussed in the speech? A.Three. C.Five. B.Four. D.Six.

答案:C 本文提到了有关 drinking, noise, crossing the road, litter, smoking 这 五个方面。 3.From the speech we learn that________. A.in this country, if you are under 18 years old, you may not buy alcohol, but your friend can buy it for you B.you may not buy cigarettes or tobacco unless you are above 16 years old C.because the traffic moves on the left side of the road, you must use pedestrian crossing when crossing the road D.you can't make noise except at night 答案:B 根据二、三两段可排除 A、D 选项;而 C 项不能构成因果关系,只有 B 项合适。 4.The underlined word“contact”in the last paragraph means________. A.keep in touch with C.join B.get in touch with D.report

答案:B 文中提到如果你需要帮忙,可以 contact 当地警察局,因此可以推断 contact 应表示“和??取得联系”之意,所以答案选 B。 5.Who do you think is most likely to make the speech? A.A policeman. C.A teacher. B.A law?maker. D.A lawyer.

答案:A 全文是讲来英国的旅客应遵守的法律,所以可以推断发言人应是警察,而不是 制定法律的人,律师或教师。 Ⅴ.完形填空 Our plan was to drive into Cambridge, catch the 7?34 train to Liverpool Street Station, then to separate and meet again for lunch. Although we__1__at Liverpool Street Station at 10?30, Joan decided that she would go to see the Crown Jewels in the Tower London__2__we went shopping. It was only after her sister had__3__into the fog that my wife realized that we hadn't decided__4__we should meet her for lunch.__5__I had our three tickets for the concert in my pocket, this was indeed a problem. There seemed to be nothing we could do__6__take a taxi to the Tower of London. However, we didn't find her. It was not one o'clock, and the concert would begin at 2?30 , “Perhaps she'll__7__waiting outside the concert hall,” my wife said hopefully. By this time

the fog was so thick that the road traffic had to__8__and the only way to get there was__9__underground railway. Hand in hand we__10__our way along the road to where we thought the__11__station should be. An hour later we found Tower Hill Station. By now it was far__12__late even to try to get to the concert hall before the performance began at 2?30. So we decided to__13__to Cambridge. It took seven long hours instead of two as usual to__14__that journey.__15__were we able to get any food and drink on the train. Tired and hungry we finally reached home at ten. Opening the door, we heard the__16__of the telephone bell. It was Joan; she had seen the Crown Jewels, had managed to get another ticket for the concert, and had had a wonderful__17__at a restaurant near the hotel where she had decided to stay the night. Now she was__18__us to discover__19__we had an equally__20__day. 文章大意:一家人出去游玩,后来走散了,又遇上了大雾,最后还算好,大家都很愉快。 1.A.got C.arrived B.reached D.went

答案:C “arrive at+地点”“到达某地”;reach 是及物动词,不能与 at 搭配;get to 表示“到达”。 2.A.during C.after 答案:B when 引导时间状语从句。 B.walked D.disappeared enter 是及物动词,不与 into 连用,根据句意应是:等到人消失在雾中才意 B.when D.before

3.A.entered C.run 答案:D 识到??。 4.A.when C.where 答案:C

B.how D.that

where 引导宾语从句,在从句中作地点状语,“应该在哪里会合”。 B.Because D.For

5.A.Though C.Since

答案:C since 引导原因状语从句,表示原因时,常用于表示理由是已知的,而理由以 外才是叙述的重点,多用于句首;because 多表示叙述的理由是本句的重点,所引导的从句 常放在句末;for 不用于句首,而常用于主句之后,补充说明理由。 6.A.so C.but 答案:C B.and D.except nothing...but...为“只有”之意。

7.A.remember C.insist on 答案:D 8.A.run C.stop 答案:C 雾太大,公交车只好停运。 9.A.with C.by think of“想到”。

B.forget D.think of

B.begin D.start

B.into D.through

答案:C 考查介词的用法。by 表示“用??,乘??”,后接交通工具。 10.A.made C.found 答案:D B.pushed D.felt feel 是“摸索”的意思,因为雾很大,所以只好摸索前行。 B.farthest D.nearest

11.A.biggest C.poorest

答案:D 根据文章之意可知是找最近的地铁站。 12.A.rather C.very B.too D.so

答案:B 考查 too...to...“太??以至于不??”句型用法。 13.A.walk C.ride 答案:D 14.A.do C.get B.drive D.return return to+地点,表示“返回某地”。 B.make D.have

答案:B 这四个选项都是有很多用法的高频动词。但是 make 有“行走(一段距离)”的 意思,其他词无此用法。 15.A.So C.Nor B.Hardly D.Thus

答案: B 根据本句句型结构——倒装句, 判断此处应该是一个否定副词。 hardly 是“几 乎不,几乎没有”的意思。 16.A.voice C.sound 答案:C 声。 17.A.breakfast B.lunch B.noise D.knocking voice 指人的声音,noise 指噪音。sound 指大自然的各种声音,可指电话铃

C.meal

D.dinner

答案:D 根据下文“stay the night”判断此处应为 dinner。 18.A.asking C.ringing 答案:C B.thinking D.telling

ring sb.是“给某人打电话”的意思。 B.whether D.how Joan 问我们是否也有成功的一天。 B.successful D.sad

19.A.when C.where 答案:B

20.A.busy C.free

答案:B 根据上文 Joan 的一天很顺利,判断此处应为 successful。 Ⅵ.语法单句填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Are you looking for natural beauty and big excitement in one place? Visit Portland! The Portland area is famous __1__its mountains and beaches. The city offers __2__ you could wish for,from art to sports to great shopping. When in Portland I like to visit places __3__I can appreciate the natural beauty. The last time I went there, I visited the beautiful Columbia River. I couldn't take my eyes off the amazing scenery as we __4__(drive) along the river. I was __5__(thank) that my friend,Deana,was driving. We then began __6__two?hour trip on a large boat to enjoy the scenery. Passengers brave enough visited the captain, who let them drive the boat! __7__the boat trip,we headed back to Portland to experience more of the city's excitement. My friend had suggested we watch a movie __8__(direct) by a world famous artist, __9__I spent the next one and a half hours __10__(shop).We then set off to a restaurant near our hotel for dinner. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答 案 : 1.for 2.anything/what/whatever 3.where 4.were driving/drove

5.thankful 6.a 7.After

8.directed 9.but 10.shopping


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