The Fifth Period
●从容说课 This is the fifth period of this unit.In this period，students are designed to discuss what kind of person Bill Gates is.The purpose is to give students a chance to practice their oral English，at the same time，they can have a thorough idea of qualities great people have in common.In this period，there is a reading passage to practice reading.This is the end of Elias’ story.In order to arouse the students’ interests in reading and develop the ability of prediction， it is important to have a discussion about the possible final result before reading.What’s more， there are some new words and expressions in the passage，so it is necessary to deal with the new words and expressions of this part，so as to make it easy for students to understand the contents. ●三维目标 1.Knowledge： Learn and master the new words and expressions in this period. Words：blanket，degree，guard，educated，terror，fear，cruelty，reward，right，criminal， leader Phrases：come to power Sentences： I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find to make candles to see the words. As they were not cleverer than me，but did pass their exams. 2.Ability： （1）Talk about the fine quality of great people to improve the students’ speaking ability. （2）Do reading practice to improve the students’ reading abilities. （3）Learn to think about a person or a situation in different respects. 3.Emotion： （1）Learn about some great people and qualities they have in common. （2）Develop the students’ moral quality. ●教学重点 （1）Have a discussion about the fine quality of great people to improve the students’ speaking ability. （2）Enable the students to grasp the main idea of the passage. （3）Improve the students’ reading ability. ●教学难点 （1）How to express their own opinions and ideas. （2）How to grasp the main idea of a text or a passage. ●教具准备 The multimedia and the blackboard. ●教学过程 Step 1 Greetings Greet the whole class as usual. Step 2 New words T：Today we will learn another passage “The rest of Elias’ story”.Before that，let’s
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first learn new words in this passage.Please have a look at the key words on the blackboard.Do you know the meanings of them？If not，you can check them on Page 97. （Give them several minutes for them to get to know the meanings of these words.） T：Let’s read these new words together. Step 3 Lead-in T：Well.From the first passage，we know some information about Elias.In the last paragraph of the first passage，Elias told us that although he did not like violence，but in 1963 he helped Nelson Mandela blow up some government buildings because he thought it was to realize their dream of making black and white people equal.But as we all know，it broke the law.What would happen to him？You can have a discussion about this question with your partner. （Two minutes later.） S 1 ：In my opinion，he was caught and put in prison for years. S 2 ：I think he was very lucky to escape being punished. S 3 ：I believe that he was caught and be sentenced to death. T：Yes.Maybe different students have different opinions about Elias.Today we’ll finish reading the story.After this period，you will know what actually happened to him. Step 4 Listening T：Now please listen to the passage carefully and find the answer to this question：What happened to Elias？ （Show the question on the screen and play the tape for the students to listen.） T：Who would like to answer the question？ S 4 ：Elias was sent to Robben Island. T：Can you tell me something about Robben Island？ S 4 ：Yes.It was a prison from which no one escaped.The sound of its name made people afraid. Step 5 Reading T：Good.Please open your books and turn to Page 38.Read the passage carefully and then choose the best answer to complete each sentence. （Show the following sentences on the screen.） Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. 1.Elias was unhappy in the prison because____________. A.he was kept with the criminals B.the prison guards studied with him C.he had to study D.he could not study for a degree 2.Nelson Mandela showed how good a leader he was because____________. A.he fought the guards in prison B.he refused to let the guards study in his school C.he let the guards study in his school but not take the exams D.he let the guards study even though the prisoners could not take the exams 3.Life for Elias was not too bad in prison because____________. A.he had to study B.he could study with the guards C.he wanted to study D.he could study and get a degree 4.As leader of South Africa，Nelson Mandela helped prisoners of Robben Island by________. A.giving them an education B.giving them money C.putting the guards in prison D.giving them a job T：OK.Everyone，are you ready？
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Ss：Yes. （The students begin to read.A few minutes later，teacher begins to check their understanding of the text.） T：Now please check your answers with your partner.At last，I’ll check the answers. （Suggested answers：DDBA） T：You all did a good job.Now，you’ve understood the passage better.Now please read the passage after the tape. Step 6 Retelling T：Well，I think up to now you have known a lot of information about Elias.Now suppose you are Elias’ friend，please introduce him.I’ll give you some minutes to prepare.Maybe you can begin with your introduction like that：Elias is my good friend.He.... （Some minutes later.） T：OK.Time is up.Who’d like to have a try？ S 6 ：I’d like to.Elias is my good friend.He was a poor black worker in South Africa.He began school at six.But two years later，he had to leave because his family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare.So he could not read or write.After that he got a job in a gold mine.But because he was not born in Johannesburg，he did not have the passbook.At that time， he first met Nelson Mandela.Nelson Mandela told him what to do and how to get the correct papers so he could stay in Johannesburg.When Nelson Mandela organized the ANC Youth League，he helped Nelson Mandela blow up some government buildings because he knew it was to realize their dream of making black and white people equal.Unluckily，he was sent to Robben Island，which was a prison from which no one escaped.But when he got there Nelson Mandela was also there.Nelson Mandela began a school for prisoners who had studied very little.Elias became a good student but could not study for a degree.When he finished the four years in prison，he had found a job but because the police told the important men in his business that he had been to prison for blowing up government buildings he lost his job.When Mr Mandela and the ANC came to power in 1993，he gave Elias a job taking tourists round his old prison on Robben Island.That’s all. T：A good job.Now let’s deal with the language points in this part. （1）I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. the first time 起连词的作用，引导时间状语从句。 The first time I met him，I thought him nice. （2）We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find to make candles to see the words. we could find 是定语从句，修饰 anything。 to make candles 及 to see the words 是目的状语。 （3）As they were not cleverer than me，but did pass their exams. did pass 是强调结构，强调谓语动词时，在动词原形前加 do/does/did。 I do hope you have a nice trip. He does speak English well. Step 7 Reading task T：Very good.Now you are going to look at a famous man，Bill Gates.Use the skills you have learned about expressing points of view and decide whether you think he is a great man.If you have an opinion about that already，please finish this sentence. （Show this sentence on the screen.） I think Bill Gates is/is not a great man because____________. Possible version：
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1.I think Bill Gates is not a great man because he didn’t change the world and make the world fairer. 2.I think Bill Gates is a great man because he will change the world by helping the education and health of many children around the world. T：Just now，you just expressed your point of view.Now please read through the evidence and fill in the research note on Page 74.Don’t add anything or leave anything out. T：Now，please read the passage quickly and make notes according to the sheet. （Give the students some minutes to prepare.） T：Now time is up.Let’s check your answers together. Step 8 Reading aloud T：Now please read the passage after the tape.Pay more attention to the underlined sentences and their pause. Step 9 Discussion T：Now you have to decide what you think of Bill Gates.He is a successful and rich man but is he a great man？Has he given up anything （not money） in his life to help other people and make things fairer in the world？Now please discuss with your partner. （Give students three minutes to discuss.） T：OK.Stop here，please.What’s your opinion，Mary？ S 1 ：I think Bill Gates is successful and rich but he is not a great man.Of course，he is very clever and has a lot of money.He has given millions of dollars to help the education and health of many children around the world.But he didn’t change the world and make the world fairer.In a word，he is not a great man but a good man. T：Do you agree with her？ S 2 ：No.In my opinion，it is not easy to give millions of money to help other people，but Bill Gates did so.He is very generous.By means of helping the education and health of many children around the world，he will change the world because children are the future owner of the world. T：You’re both very good.But perhaps different people have different opinions about Bill Gates.It is natural.You can have a deep discussion after class. Step 10 Summary T：In this class，we have read two passages.One is the rest of Elias’ story.The other is a passage about Bill Gates.In the first part，we learned some new words and expressions.After that，we had a discussion about Bill Gates，which helps to understand what qualities a great person should have. Step 11 Homework Look up some other information about Bill Gates and his career after class. ●板书设计 Unit 5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero The Fifth Period blanket degree educated terror fear cruelty reward 1.I felt bad the first time I talked to a group.
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2.We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find to make candles to see the words. 3.As they were not cleverer than me，but did pass their terror exams. ●活动与探究 Now you rate your partner’s listening skills：How often do they do the following？On a scale from 1 to 5，give them a score as follows：1 = never，2 = rarely，3 = sometimes，4 = often， 5 = very often. behavior My partner avoids staying on a subject until it is solved. My partner make assumptions about my feelings or thoughts. My partner comments with， “Yes，but...” to my suggestions or opinions. My partner brings up past issues during current disagreements. My partner interrupts my conversation. My partner use sarcasm or jokes to respond when I talk. My partner responds to my complaints with a complaint. My partner insults and criticizes me. My partner responds to me with phrases like ， That’s “ ridiculous.” My partner sees only his point of view. TOTAL （Add up the scores for your partner.） ●备课资料 Bill Gates William （Bill） H.Gates is chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation， the worldwide leader in software，services and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential.Microsoft had revenues of US$36.84 billion for the fiscal year ending June 2004，and employs more than 55 000 people in 85 countries and regions. Born on Oct.28，1955，Gates grew up in Seattle with his two sisters.Their father，William H.Gates Ⅱ，is a Seattle attorney.Their late mother，Mary Gates，was a schoolteacher，University of Washington regent，and chairwoman of United Way International. Gates attended public elementary school and the private Lakeside School.There，he discovered his interest in software and began programming computers at age 13. In 1973，Gates entered Harvard University as a freshman，where he lived down the hall from Steve Ballmer，now Microsoft’s chief executive officer.While at Harvard，Gates developed a version of the programming language BASIC for the first microcomputer—the MITS Altair. In his junior year，Gates left Harvard to devote his energies to Microsoft，a company he had begun in 1975 with his childhood friend Paul Allen.Guided by a belief that the computer would be a valuable tool on every office desktop and in every home，they began developing software for personal computers.Gates’ foresight and his vision for personal computing have been central to the success of Microsoft and the software industry. score
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Top row：Steve Wood （left） ，Bob Wallace，Jim Lane.Middle row：Bob O’Rear，Bob Greenberg， Marc McDonald， Gordon Letwin.Bottom row： Bill Gates， Andrea Lewis， Marla Wood， Paul Allen.December 7，1978.
Under Gates’ leadership，Microsoft’s mission has been to continually advance and improve software technology，and to make it easier，more cost-effective and more enjoyable for people to use computers.The company is committed to a long-term view，reflected in its investment of approximately $6.2 billion on research and development in the 2005 fiscal year. Gates has donated the proceeds of both books to non-profit organizations that support the use of technology in education and skills development. In addition to his love of computers and software，Gates founded Corbis，which is developing one of the world’s largest resources of visual information—a comprehensive digital archive of art and photography from public and private collections around the globe.He is also a member of the board of directors of Berkshire Hathaway Inc.，which invests in companies engaged in diverse business activities. Philanthropy is also important to Gates.He and his wife，Melinda，have endowed a foundation with more than $27 billion （as of March 2004）to support philanthropic initiatives in the areas of global health and learning，with the hope that in the 21st century，advances in these critical areas will be available for all people.The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has committed more than $3.2 billion to organizations working in global health；more than $2 billion to improve learning opportunities， including the Gates Library Initiative to bring computers， Internet Access and training to public libraries in low-income communities in the United States and Canada； more than $477 million to community projects in the Pacific Northwest；and more than $488 million to special projects and annual giving campaigns. Gates was married on Jan.1，1994，to Melinda French Gates.They have three children.Gates is an avid reader，and enjoys playing golf and bridge.
用心? 爱心? 专心?