山东省阳谷县华阳中学 2012 届高三 3 月高考模拟测试
第一卷（选择题， 第一卷（选择题，共 95 分） 英语知识运用（共四节， 第一部分 英语知识运用（共四节，满分 55 分） 语音知识 小题； （共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 根据对话情景和内容， 从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 （说明：E 涂 AB；F 涂 AC；G 涂 AD） A. You are lucky to be in such a big city where everything is wonderful. B: I don’t think so. ___6___ A: Why? City life seems to be very interesting and comfortable. B: ___7___ You see citizens are obliged to accept an unnatural way of life. They can hardly enjoy sunshine because of tall buildings around their houses. A: That’s terrible. ___8___ B: Yes, perhaps. But the cost of living is much higher. ___9___ A: I didn’t think of that. Now I’d rather live in my village all my life. Would you like to go to the country for a change? B: Great! ___10___ A. But working in a big city means much more money without hard work like farming. B. Actually I don’t have interest in city life. C. I think country life is as interesting as city life. D. Not really. E. Sometimes people can’t make ends meet these years. F. So it is. G. I’d love to if I’m free. 语法和词汇知识（ 小题； 第三节 语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。并 在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 11. ---May I have a look at the menu for a while? ---Of course, ______, sir. A. take your time B. enjoy yourself C. it doesn’t matter D. don’t worry 12. ---_____ you always question everything I say? ---Sorry if I make you unhappy; but it’s my habit to question before I believe. A. Shall B. Will C. Must D. Can 13. The falling of the new building ______ its soft base. A. resulted in B. resulting from C. leading to D. lay in 14. The newly built cafe, the walls of ______ painted light green, is really a peaceful place for us, especially after hard work. A. whose B. it C. what D. which 15. Everyone knows _____ is dangerous to play with fire, but _____ is difficult is to
prevent children from playing with fire. A. that; it B. it; it C. that; what D. it; what 16. ---Why not buy the beautiful necklace since you like it so much? ---I would but I _____ have enough money. A. didn’t B. shouldn’t C. don’t D. hadn’t 17. ---I heard Tom got a good job paying over $8,000 ______ month. ---That’s right. He gets paid by ______ day. A. the; the B. a; the C. the; a D. a; a 18. ---Have you seen Tony recently？ ---No, but I ______ dinner with him on Sunday. A. would have B. have had C. have been having D. am having 19. The play was popular and every time ______ about it, he owed his success to the support of his friends. A. talked B. when talked C. talking D. when talking 20. ---What do you think of the furniture on exhibition? ---Well, great! But I don’t think much of ______ you bought. A. the one B. it C. which D. that 21. He is looking for another job because he feels that nothing he does ______ his boss. A. serves B. promises C. satisfies D. supports 22. ---Is everyone here? ---Not yet. Look, there ______ the rest of our guests! A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 23. ______ I admit that the problems are difficult, I don’t agree that they can’t be solved. A. In case B. While C. As D. Because 24. It is the prevention of disease ______ its successful treatment that has led to the rapid increase of the world’s population. A. rather than B. more than C. other than D. less than 25. When he ______ the door, he found his keys were nowhere. A. would open B. opened C. had opened D. was to open 完形填空（ 小题； 第四节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出适合填入 对应空白处的最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 I was always complaining about wind or rain. 26 it was nothing unusual for the arrival of wind or rain, it caused inconvenience for me to go out, and sometimes it even created an awful atmosphere, so I 27 it strongly. On a rainy day a meteorologist（气象学家）I met was very 28 at my great anger caused by rain that made a little inconvenience for me. He asked, “Have you ever seen typhoon? Do you know what would happen to the world if there were no typhoon?” I shook my head. I had no 29 of how overwhelming it was when it 30 everything away in its way. “Well, let me tell you,” the meteorologist said. “Without it the 31 of fresh
water will be more serious, for it is a great 32 of water supply on earth, Without it, there would be a greater imbalance in the distribution of 33 . The equatorial area that receives the most sunshine on earth 34 entirely on typhoon to disperse （驱散）heat. Without typhoon the tropics would be even 35 while the frigid zones much colder. As a result the temperate zones would 36 from the world...” Ignorance made me 37 . I disliked wind only because it ruffled（吹乱）my hair. I hated rain merely because I had to carry an umbrella. But I had no idea at all that typhoon---something much more violent, something a thousand times more 38 than wind or rain---was a 39 to the existence of mankind. 40 no road on earth goes all the way on level ground, there’s no person in the world who can do whatever he pleases. 41 as it is for people to guard against typhoon, it is advisable for a man to stop 42 for a moment before he complains. “ 43 typhoon disappeared all together? What would the world become then?” The 44 will keep him calm and lead him closer to truth---he will be better 45 of the world he lives in. 26. A. But B. Therefore C. Although D. Unless 27. A. refused B. blamed C. punished D. fought 28. A. excited B. puzzled C. encouraged D. delighted 29. A. experience B. sign C. sense D. recognition 30. A. washed B. frightened C. swung D. swept 31. A. shortage B. supply C. amount D. waste 32. A. resource B. power C. strength D. source 33. A. warmth B. energy C. water D. wealth 34. A. holds B. keeps C. moves D. depends 35. A. warmer B. hotter C. cooler D. better 36. A. disappear B. move C. escape D. remove 37. A. farsighted B. out of sight C. in sight D. shortsighted 38. A. appealing B. frightening C. disturbing D. exciting 39. A. trouble B. danger C. must D. lead 40. A. Since B. As C. When D. While 41. A. Impossible B. Wrong C. Hard D. Easy 42. A. thinking B. to think C. to rest D. resting 43. A. How come B. What about C. What if D. Even if 44. A. theories B. answers C. phenomena D. complaints 45. A. careful B. kind C. aware D. tired 阅读理解（共两节， 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（ 小题； 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列四篇短文，从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最 佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A Andy Steele lives just a few blocks from the campus of Black Hills State University in Spearfish, S.D., so commuting(经常往返) to class isn’t the problem. But he doesn’t like lectures much, isn’t a morning person, and wants time during the day to restore
motorcycles. So Steele, a full-time senior business major, has been taking as many classes as he can from the South Dakota State system’s online offerings. He gets better grades and learns more, he says, and insists he isn’t missing out on the college experience. “I still know a lot of people from my first two years living on campus, and I still meet a lot of people,” he says. But now, he sets his own schedule. At least 2.3 million people took some kind of online courses, according to a recent survey by The Sloan Consortium, an online education group, and two-thirds of colleges offering “face-to-face” courses also offer online ones. But what were once two different types of classes are looking more and more alike and often falling into the same pool of students. At some schools, online courses originally intended for non-traditional students living far from campus have proved surprisingly popular with on-campus students. A recent study found 42 percent of the students enrolled(登记) in its distance education courses were located on campus at the university that was hosting the online courses. Numbers vary depending on the policies of particular colleges, but other schools also have students mixing and matching online and “face-to-face” credits. Motives range from lifestyle to adapting a job schedule to getting into high-demand courses. Washington State had about 325 on-campus undergraduates taking one or more distance courses last year. As many as 9,000 students took both distance and in-person classes at Arizona State last year. “Business is really about providing choices to their customers, and that’s really what we want to do,” said Sheila Aaker, extended services coordinator (协调人) at Black Hills State. Many schools, such as Washington State and Arizona State, let departments and academic units decide who can take an online course. They say students with legitimate academic needs---a conflict with another class, a course they need to graduate that is full---often get permission, though they still must take some key classes in person. 46. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To introduce Steele to us, who prefers online courses. B. To tell us about the development of campus courses. C. To show the differences between campus courses and online courses. D. To show more on-campus students are taking online courses. 47. We can learn from the passage that Andy Steele _______. A. lives far from the campus B. knows none of his classmates C. wants to have his own lifestyle D. doesn’t get good marks 48. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The undergraduates attend the online courses for different purposes. B. It is expected that distance education is popular with on-campus students.
C. About 325 on-campus undergraduates took online courses in Washington last year. D. Different colleges have different policies about online courses. 49. From what Sheila Aaker said in the passage, we can tell _______. A. business is the most popular major in universities B. colleges should provide more majors for students C. where the similarity between business and colleges lies D. why colleges offer online courses to on-campus students B Have you ever wondered why birds sing? Maybe you thought that they were just happy. After all, you probably sing or whistle when you are happy. Some scientists believe that birds do sing some of the time just because they are happy. However, they sing most of the time for a very different reason. Their singing is actually a warning to other birds to stay out of their territory. Do you know what a “territory” is? A territory is an area that an animal, usually the male, claims as its own. Only he and his family are welcome there. No other families of the same species are welcome. Your yard and house are your territory where only your family and friends are welcome. If a stranger should enter your territory and threaten you, you might shout. Probably this would be enough to frighten him away. If so, you have actually scared the stranger away without having to fight him. A bird does the same thing. But he expects an outsider almost any time, especially at nesting season. So he is screaming all the time, whether he can see an outsider or not. This screaming is what we call a bird’s song, and it is usually enough to keep an outsider away. Birds sing loudest in the spring when they are trying to attract a mate and warn others not to enter the territory of theirs. You can see that birds have a language all their own. Most of it has to do with attracting mates and setting up territories. 50. According to the passage, most of the time birds’ singing is actually . A. an expression of happiness B. a way of warning C. an expression of anger D. a way of greeting 51. What is a bird’s “territory”? A. A place where families of other species are not accepted. B. A place where a bird may shout at the top of its voice. C. An area for which birds fight against each other. D. An area which a bird considers to be its own. 52. Why do birds keep on singing at nesting season? A. Because they want to invite more friends. B. Because their singing helps frighten outsiders away. C. Because they want to find outsiders around. D. Because their singing helps get rid of their fears. 53. How does the writer explain birds’ singing?
A. By comparing birds with human beings. B. By reporting experiment results. C. By describing birds’ daily life. D. By telling a bird’s story. C Sirs, Your twelve thousand ‘Smart’ watches were received by our company this morning. However, we wish to make a number of complaints concerning the serious delay in delivery and your failure to carry out our instructions regard to this order. It was firmly pointed out from the beginning that the delivery date had to be less than six weeks from the original order in order to satisfy our own customers’ requirements. While we understand that delays in production are occasionally unavoidable, we must point out that the major reason why the order was placed with your company was that we were assured by you of its simplicity, and that your existing stocks were sufficiently high to ensure immediate shipment. Late delivery of the goods has caused us to disappoint several of our most valued customers, and will have an unfavorable effect on future orders. The second complaint concerns the difference in colour between the watches we ordered and those delivered. It was stated clearly in the order that watches in combinations of green/purple and orange/purple only were required. However, only half the watches in the delivery received are of the colours specified. Our Hong Kong agent informed you of the importance of following our instructions exactly, since we consider there to be only a limited market in this country for watches of other colors at the present time. Any watches that are not of the specified colours will, of course, be returned to you. We are also somewhat concerned about the rather poor quality of the goods received, since it is obvious that the watches that finally arrived have been made from not good enough materials and have been produced to a lower standard than those in the sample. We have also found that a number of the watches do not appear to be working. Whether the latter problem is due to poor production, or damage in transportation is not yet clear, but we should like to point out that we feel this matter to be entirely your fault. As a result of the above problems, therefore, we feel that the most suitable course of action is to return to you unpaid any of the goods considered unsatisfactory. We shall also, of course, be forced to reconsider whether any further orders should be placed with your company. We look forward to your early reply. Yours sincerely, John Smith 54. The producers of ‘Smart’ watches were given the order because they promised_______. A. the designs were already prepared B. there was enough space for shipment C. they could produce enough watches quickly D. they had enough ready-made watches to ship
55. The last sentence of paragraph 5 “We shall also, of course, be forced to … with your company” suggests that _______. A. the company may stop trading with the watch manufacturers. B. the company will probably reduce the number of watches to be ordered in the future. C. the writer is afraid their company might go out of business soon. D. the company is probably willing to give the manufacturers another chance 56. The general attitude of the letter is ________. A. firm but polite B. angry and impolite C. reasonable but impolite D. regretful and polite D Scientists have devised a way to determine roughly where a person has lived using a strand of hair, a technique that could help track the movements of criminal suspects or unidentified murder victims. The method relies on measuring how chemical variations in drinking water show up in people’s hair. “You’re what you eat and drink, and that’s recorded in your hair,” said Thure Cerling, a geologist at the University of Utah. While U.S diet is relatively identical, water supplies vary. The differences result from weather patterns. The chemical composition of rainfall changes slightly as rain clouds move. Most hydrogen and oxygen atoms in water are stable, but traces of both elements are also present as heavier isotopes (同位素). The heaviest rain falls first. As a result, storms that form over the Pacific deliver heavier water to California than to Utah. Similar patterns exist throughout the U.S. By measuring the proportion of heavier hydrogen and oxygen isotopes along a strand of hair, scientists can construct a geographic timeline. Each inch of hair corresponds to about two months. Cerling’s team collected tap water samples from 600 cities and constructed a map of the regional differences. They checked the accuracy of the map by testing 200 hair samples collected from 65 barber shops. They were able to accurately place the hair samples in broad regions roughly corresponding to the movement of rain systems. “It’s not good for pinpointing(精确定位),” Cerling said. “It’s good for eliminating many possibilities.” Todd Park, a local detective, said the method has helped him learn more about an unidentified woman whose skeleton was found near Great Salt Lake. The woman was 5 feet tall. Police recovered 26 bones, a T-shirt and several strands of hair. When Park heard about the research, he gave the hair samples to the researchers. Chemical testing showed that over the two years before her death, she moved about every two months. She stayed in the Northwest, although the test could not be more specific than
somewhere between eastern Oregon and western Wyoming. “It’s still a substantial area,” Park said “But it narrows it way down for me.” 57. What is the scientists’ new discovery? A. One’s hair growth has to do with the amount of water they drink. B. A person’s hair may reveal where they have lived. C. Hair analysis accurately identifies criminal suspects. D. The chemical composition of hair varies from person to person. 58. What does the author mean by “You’re what you eat and drink” (Line 1, Para.3)? A. Food and drink affect one’s personality development. B. Food and drink preferences vary with individuals. C. Food and drink leave traces in one’s body tissues. D. Food and drink are essential to one’s existence. 59. What is said about the rainfall in America’s West? A. There is much more rainfall in California than in Utah. B. The water it delivers becomes lighter when it moves inland. C. Its chemical composition is less stable than in other areas. D. It gathers more light isotopes as it moves eastward. 60. What is the practical value of Cerling’s research? A. It helps analyze the quality of water in different regions. B. It helps the police determine where a crime is committed. C. It helps the police narrow down possibilities in detective work. D. It helps identify the drinking habits of the person under investigation. E 第二节（ 小题； 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从下框的 A—F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。 选 项中有一项为多余选项。 （说明：E 涂 AB；F 涂 AC） A. How can we build a positive image? B. Convince yourself of your positive qualities. C. Facing flaws or weaknesses we should take an active attitude. D. What is a self-image? E. Improving self-images will go a long way. F. Why is it time to set up a positive self-image? 61. Sometimes you’ll hear people say that you can’t love others until you love yourself. Sometimes you’ll hear people say that you can’t expect someone else to love you until you love yourself. Either way, you’ve got to love yourself first and this can be tricky. Sure we all know that we’re the apple of our parents’ eyes, and that our Grandmas think we’re great talents and our Uncle Roberts think that we will go to the Olympics, but sometimes it’s a lot harder to think such nice thoughts about ourselves. If you find that believing in yourself is a challenge, it is time you built a positive self-image and learn to love yourself.
62. Self-image is your own mind’s picture of yourself. This image includes the way you look, the way you act, the way you talk and the way you think. Interestingly, our self-images are often quite different from the images others hold about us. Unfortunately, most of these images are more negative than they should be. Thus changing the way you think about yourself is the key to changing your self-image and your whole world. 63. The best way to defeat a passive self-image is to step back and decide to stress your successes. That is, make a list if you need to, but write down all of the great things you do every day. Don’t allow doubts to occur in it. 64. It very well might be that you are experiencing a negative self-image because you can’t move past one flaw or weakness that you see about yourself. Well, roll up your sleeves and make a change of it as your primary task. If you think you’re silly because you aren’t good at math, find a tutor. If you think you’re weak because you can’t run a mile, get to the track and practice. If you think you’re dull because you don’t wear the latest trends, buy a few new clothes. But remember, just because you think it doesn’t mean it’s true. 65. The best way to get rid of a negative self-image is to realize that your image is far from objective, and to actively convince yourself of your positive qualities. Changing the way you think and working on those you need to improve will go a long way towards promoting a positive self-image. When you can pat(拍) yourself on the back, you’ll know you’re well on your way. Good luck!
第二卷（非选择题，共 55 分） 选择题， 写作（共三节，满分55分 第三部分 写作（共三节，满分 分） 单词拼写（ 小题， 第一节 单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词，在答题卡指定区域的横线上写 出对应单词的正确形式，每空只写一词。 66. Many college students think it ______ (值得) learning more 66. ___________ than one foreign language. 67. Nowadays people use ______ (信封) less and less because they 67. ___________ turn to other forms of communication rather than write letters. 68. He risked his life to save the little girl who was ______ (挣扎) in 68. ___________ the icy water. 69. He often ______ (后悔) wasting the precious time when he 69. ___________
should have studied at school. 70. The athletes taking part in the Olympic Games are young and 70. ___________ ______ (身体) fit. 71. Alice was scolded by the teacher because she left without 71. ___________ being ______ (允许). 72. We asked the stranger the question out of ______(好奇). 72. ___________ 73. This design is ______(稍微) different from that one. 73. ___________ 74. The Chinese diet is considered to be one of the ______(最健康) 74. ___________ in the world. 75. The fire broke out in a big neighborhood, making over three 75. ___________ ______(百) people homeless. 短文改错（ 小题， 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删 除或修改。 增加：在此处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 11 处起）不计分。 Jerry, I’m glad to know that you had much interest in Chinese food. Here I’d like to tell you something about them. Chinese food is famous with its wide variety. The food in one area can be easy told from that in another. For example, Shanghai food, a little bit sweet, differ from Sichuan food that is rather hot. However, every kind of Chinese food is worth trying, because every has a delicious taste and good for health. Since the restaurant in China usually serves special dish of different areas, you can enjoy various Chinese foods whenever you are. I’m looking forward to meeting you here so that I can tell you more about Chinese food at the table. Best wishes. Jin 书面表达（ 第三节 书面表达（满分 30 分） 作为中学生，你肯定经历过多次考试，体验过成功，也遭遇过失败。请你简 要概述中学生中普遍存在的对考试失败的积极和消极两种态度，并说明你的观 点。 词数 100-120。
语音：1—5: BCADB 对话：6—10: BDAEG 单选：11—15: ACDBD 完形：26—30: CBBAD 阅读： (A)46—49: DCBD (D)57—60: BCBC 单词拼写： 66. worthwhile 67. envelopes 71. permitted 短文改错： 76. had → have 79. easy → easily 82. and 后加 is 85. 去掉 the 书面表达： We middle school students have had many tests or exams. We have both 77. them → it 80. differ → differs 83. dish → dishes 78. with → for 81. every → each 84. whenever → wherever 72. curiosity 68. struggling 73. slightly 69. regrets 74. healthiest 70. physically 75. hundred 16—20: CBDCD 21—25: CABAD (C) 54—56: DAA 31—35: ADADB 36—40: ADCCB 41—45: CBCBC (B)50—53: BDBA (E)61—65: FDACE
achieved success and suffered from failure. Different students take different attitudes to failure. Some fall in low spirits when they don’t do well in the exams. They usually lose heart and no longer study hard as before. But most students take a positive attitude towards failure. They find out and analyze the causes so that they will no longer make similar mistakes. I agree with those with active attitudes. As we all know, failure is the mother of success. Even great men have failed many times before they succeed. So we must deal with our failure correctly.