高中英语必修2重点短语、句子和语法练习 Cultural relics
1. look into 调查 7. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事 2. insist on/upon sth/doing 坚持做，坚决做 8. be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 3. belong to 属于 9. be made into . . 被制成； 4. get /be lost ; be missing 迷路，丢失 be made for 为…制作 5. do with 处理；对付 be made up of 由…组成 6. in search of ;in the/one’s search for 寻找 be made of /from 用…制成(看得出/不出原材料) 10. be of +抽象名词=be+该词的形容词 “be of +名词(词组)”表示主语的某种形状或特征 be of a(n) / the / the same “属于,归于”；be of the size/weight /height/age /colour / kind… 11. work of amber art 琥珀艺术品. 21. remain a mystery 仍然是个迷 12. as a gift of 作为…的礼物 22. take apart 拆开 13. in return 作为报答 23. rather than 胜于, 而不是 14. become part of 成为…的一部分 24. tell the truth 说实话 15. serve as 充当，用作 25. pretend to do sth 假装做某事 16. add…to… 添加…到… 26. give an example from your own life 17. great wonders of the world 世上的伟大奇迹 举一个你生活中的例子 18. be at war 处于交战状态 27. think highly of 看重，重视 19. less than 少于 28. search for =look for 20. no doubt 毫无疑问 29. agree with sb 同意某人的意见 30.情态动词(could /might /must /should)+have done 对过去发生的事情的推测，批评，反悔等 32. have sth. done 表示 “请人做某事” “使遭遇某种(不幸的)事情” 重点句子： 1. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train … 2. Frederick William I, to whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it. 3. In 1770, the room was completed the way she wanted. 4. This was a time when the two countries were at war. 5. …could never have imagined that his greatest gift to … 6. This gift was the Amber Room which was given this name because … 7. The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown color like honey. 8. The design of the room was in a fancy style popular in those days. 新课标必修二 Unit2 The Olympic Games 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组： 1．take part in/join in 参加 be admitted as 作为…被接受 2．the spirit of 精神、宗旨、灵魂 11．reach the standard 达到…水平、标准 3．used to 过去常常 12．as well as 和……一样 4．find out 查明，找出 13． thank you for your time 感谢您 （能抽空…） 5．every four years 每四年，每隔三年 14．come from the same root 同根 6．two sets of 两套，两组 15． have (no) chance of doing sth. 有(没)做…的机会 7. allow sb. in(out)允许进入（出去）; 16．go with 伴随，与…搭配 allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事 17．relate…to… 把…与关联起来 allow doing sth. 允许干某事。 relate with 和…有关 8．a set of 一套，一组 18．run against… 和…赛跑 9．compete in… 在某方面竞争 19．hear of 听说 compete for… 为…而竞争 20．make sure 确定 compete with/against 与…竞争 make sure +that clause 确定 10．be admitted to 获准做某事 23．take turns 轮流
24．one after another 一个接一个 25. be/get married (强调状态)＋ to(不能用 with) sb 和…结婚 26. play an important role/part in 在…方面扮演重要角色（起重要作用） 重点句子： 1. … a special village is built for them to live in. 2. I lived in what you called “Ancient Greece”. 3. But of course you can ask any questions you like. 4. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for the event will be admitted as competitors. 5. That’s why they are called the Winter Olympics. 6. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women. 7. It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with ….. 新课标必修二 Unit3 Computer 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: 1. sound simple 听起来简单 19. bring into effect 使生效 2. a technological revolution 技术革命 20. the common people 老百姓 3. artificial intelligence 人工智能 21. get together 聚集 4. begin as 作为…开始 22. after all 毕竟 5. solve/settle a problem 解决问题 23. with the help of 在…的帮助下 6. a simple-minded man 一个头脑简单的人 24. make up 编造，化妆 7. mathematical problem 数学问题 25. a personal letter 私人信件 8. be totally changed 被完全改变了 26. watch over 看守，监视 9. share information with 与…信息共享 27. have a good time 玩得愉快 10. serve the human race 为人类服务 28. once a year 一年一度 11. common knowledge 常识 29. make a decision 做出决定 12. deal with 处理 30. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人干某事 13. in my opinion 在我看来 31. building materials 建筑材料 14. public opinion 公众舆论 32. in fact 事实上 15 an analytical method 分析法 33. create a new building 创建一栋新楼 16. share a room with 与…共居一室 34. in a way 在某种程度上 17. connect with 与…有关 35. universal machine 通用机器 18. go by （从…旁）走过 重点句子: 1. Over time my memory has developed so much that … I never forgot anything I have been told. 2. I was programmed by an operator who uses cards with holes. 3. At that time it was considered a technological revolution …. 4. I wondered if I would grow any larger. 5. Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult mathematical problem. 6. As time went by, I was made smaller. 7.These changes only became possible as my memory improved. 8. I have been used in offices and homes since 1970s. 新课标必修二 Unit4 Wildlife protection 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: 1. as a result 结果 die of 死于…（多内因） 2. as a result of= because of 由于 die from 死于…（多外因） result in = cause 导致 die down 变弱；逐渐消失 result form 由于 be dying for 渴望得到… 3. die out（动，植物物种）灭绝 4. be at a loss /be puzzled at/be confused 迷惑的,不解的 suffer a loss (of) 蒙受损失 make up for a loss 弥补损失 be lost in one’s thought (陷入沉思)
lose heart 灰心 lose one’s heart to sb 对?倾心 5. in peace 平静的（地） ；安静的（地） in silence/ in quiet/in surprise/in a hurry 6. hunting for 搜索; 搜寻 7. be in danger of 有… 危险 endangered adj. 濒危的 be out of danger 脱离危险 dangerous 危险的 8. have / give an effect on / upon … come / go into effect 生效； 实施 take effect(生效) 9. be concerned about 担心.关心，挂念 10. get dressed 穿上衣服。get done 强调动作，不和段时间的状语连用；be done 表状态 11.turn round : 转过去，围绕…旋转 12. apply to 应用 apply for 请求,申请….. be applied to 被应用于 apply to sb. for sth.向?申请 13.protect …from 保护…..免受….危害 prevent from 阻止（stop/ keep from） 14 .have a effect on 对...有影响 15. with a sad face looking at her with + 宾语(O) + 宾语补足语 16.come into being: 形成；产生；开始存在 come into use：开始被使用 come into one’s mind / head: 突然想到 come into fashion: 开始流行 come into consideration: 开始考虑
1. There Daisy saw an antelope looking sad. 2. We/re being killed for …… Our fur is being used to make … I wonder what is being done to help you. Daisy turned around and found that she was being watched by an elephant. So good things are being done to save wildlife. 3. Please show me a place where there’s some wildlife protection. 4. They learned this from the way the bones were joined together. 5. Others think the earth got too hot for the dinosaurs to live on any more. 6. It is hoped that one day there will be enough animals. 新课标必修二 Unit5 Music 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组： 1. roll over 翻身, 打滚 11. make music 做音乐 roll up 卷起 12. break up 破裂;拆散;停止;（战争等）爆发 roll down 滚下来 break in/into 闯进 2. dream of/about (doing) sth 梦见, 梦想… break off 中断；停止 3.at a concert 在音乐会上 break down 坏掉,发生故障;(身体)垮掉 4. be honest with sb. 对…诚实 13. hit sb. on/in the+身体部位： 击中某人的… be honest about sth. 14. by chance/accident 偶然，意外地 be honest in doing sth. 15. come across 偶然遇见 5. form the habit of 养成…的习惯 16.sort out 分类 in the form of 以…的形式 17.be confident of/about/in 对…有信心 in form 在形式上 18. give/put on a performance/perform 演出;表演 6. passers-by 路人（复数） 19.go wrong 出了毛病 7.earn extra money 赚外快 20. since then 从那时起 8. give sb. a chance to do 给某人做?的机会 21.come up with 提出 9.play jokes/a joke on sb. 捉弄 22. stick to do=insist on doing 坚持做某事 play tricks/a trick on sb. 23. above of all 首先，最重要的是 laugh at/ make fun of 嘲笑；取笑 first of all 首先，第一 10. base on 以?为基础, 基于? 24. play musical instrument 演奏乐器 be based on 以?为基础
25. attract one’s attention/interest 吸引某人的注意力/兴趣 重点句子： 1. Have you ever dreamed of being in front of thousands of people at a concert, with everyone clapping and enjoying your singing? （with 复合结构做状语） 2. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as played music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles. 3. So they left Britain, to which they were never to return. 4. …but they could only find one who was good enough. 5. …the Monkees would play and sing songs written by other musicians. 6. …after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started … 7. They produced a new record in 1996, with which they celebrated their former time as a real band. 9. It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists …
高中英语必修 2 重点语法专项练习
“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句:能这样用的关系代词 which, whom 和 whose。 The reason for which he didn’t come this morning was that it was raining heavily. (for which=why) Do you still remember the day on which they got married? (on which=when) This is the city in which he once lived=This is the city that he once lived in. (in which=where) 1. In this forest there about 15 kinds of snakes, five _______are very dangerous. 2. There are two buildings, ____ stands nearly a hundred feet high. 3. The company, _ __ _________ Mr. Smith was until recently the chairman, had made loss of 3,000,000 pounds this year. 4. Mary asked the policeman ___ _______ she worked to contact her whenever there was an accident. 5. I have decided to write about Chaplin, one of ___ films I saw several years ago. 6. He made a large telescope (望远镜), _____ _______ he could observe the stars. 7. Recently I have bought a second-hand car, the price ____ ______ is very reasonable. 8. My glasses, _ ___ ______ I was like a blind man, fell to the ground and broke. 9. On the table, she found a piece of paper _______ were written some Japanese words. 10. Last week, only two people came to look at the house, neither __ ______ wanted to buy it. 11. She heard a terrible noise, __________ brought her heart into her mouth. 12. Have you ever been to Xi'an, _________ I left ten years ago? 13. The weather turned out to be very good, _________ was more than we could expect. 14. His English, ________ used to be very poor is now excellent. 15. Some of the roads were flooded, __________ makes our journey more difficult. 16. I'll find a nice girl, __________ I want to marry. 17. I'll come at ten, ____ _______ I'll be free. 18. She has two brothers, _________ are teachers. 19. This is the factory ________ I worked last year. 20. I still remember the days _________ I spent in Beijing. 一般将来时的被动语态：1、根据计划或者安排将要发生的被动动作。2、有固定性条件就 有规律性的被动结果。有“will/shall+be+及物动词的过去分词”“be going to+be+及物动词的过 ， 去分词”“be to+be+及物动词的过去分词”三种。 ，
现在进行时的被动语态的使用场合 1、不知道动作的执行者。2、动作执行者为泛指或不言自明。3、动作的执行者不是人。 3、有时表示按计划或安排将要进行的一个被动动作：An English party is being held tonight. 4、某些表示“状态、心理活动、存在”等的动词，如 have, want, need, love，一般不用现在进 行时的被动语态，而常用一般现在时的被动语态。 5.“be+under/in+n.”可表示现在进行时的被动意义。
The problem is under discussion at the meeting.=is being discussed 【语法专练】 1. Our lab _______(complete) next month. 2. Who ______ (punish) for the fault? 3. The boy will ______ _ (take) care of by his elder sister. 4. Mr. Li certainly ____ (give) a new house if more new houses (build). 5.I feel it is your husband who _______ (blame) for the spoiled child. 6. Paper money ________ (use) for over a thousand years. 7. —We want to sit at the table near the window. —I'm sorry, but it ____ (take) already. 8. Great changes _______ (take) there and a lot of factories _______ (set) up. 9. So far, the moon ___________ (visit) by man already. 10. I got caught in the rain and my suit ___________ (ruin). 11.Please keep silent. The weather report ____________ (broadcast) and I want to listen. 12.—I don't suppose the police know who did it. —Well, surprisingly they do. A man has been arrested and ___________ (question) now. 13. I have handed in my schoolwork, and I guess it ___________ (grade) now. 14. The question which __________ (discuss) now has sth. to do with everybody present. 15. —What's that noise? —Oh, I forgot to tell you. The new machine _________ (test).
高中英语必修二课文语法填空 IN SEARCH OF THE AMBER ROOM
Frederick William I, the King of Prussia, could never 1.______________(imagine) that his greatest gift to the Russian people 2._____________(have) such an 3.____________ (amaze) history. This gift was the Amber Room, which 4.____________(give) this name because several tons of amber were used to make it. The amber 5._________ was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey. The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days. It was also a treasure 6.____________(decorate) with gold and jewels, which took the country's best artists about ten years 7.____________(make). In fact, the room was not made to be a gift. It was designed for the palace of Frederick I. However, the next King of Prussia, Frederick William I, 8.____________ the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it. In 1716 he gave it to Peter the Great. 9._______ return, the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers. So the Amber Room became part of the Czar's winter palace in St Petersburg. About four metres long, the room served 10._______ a small 11._____________(receive) hall for important visitors. Later, Catherine II had the Amber Room 12.___________(move) to a palace outside St Petersburg 13._________she spent her summers. She told her artists to add more details to it. In 1770 the room 14._______________(complete) the way she wanted. Almost six hundred candles lit the room, and its mirrors and pictures 15.___________(shine) like gold. Sadly, although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the world, it is now 16.____________(miss). In September 1941, the Nazi army was near St Petersburg. This was a time 17._________the two countries were at war. Before the Nazis could get to the summer palace, the Russians were able to remove some 18._____________(家具) and small art objects from the Amber Room. However, some of the Nazis secretly 19.___________(steal) the room itself. In less than two days 100,000 pieces were put inside twenty-seven 20.____________(wood)boxes. There is no doubt 21.__________the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. After that, 22. _______ happened to the Amber Room remains a 23.___________(迷).
Recently, the Russians and Germans 24.______________(build) a new Amber Room at the summer palace. By 25.______________(study) old photos of the former Amber Room, they have made the new one look like the old 26._________. In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg when they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city. Unit2 THE STORY OF ATLANTA Atlanta was a Greek princess. She was very beautiful and could run faster than any man in Greece. But she 1._______________(not allow) to run and win glory for 2.___________(她本人) in the Olympic Games. She was so angry 3._________she said to her father that she would not 4.___________(嫁)anyone who could not run faster than her. Her father said that she must marry, 5._______Atlanta made a bargain with him. She said to him, "These are my rules. When a man says he wants to marry me, I 6.____________(run) against him. If he cannot run as fast as me. he 7._____________(kill). No one will be pardoned." Many kings and princes wanted to marry Atlanta, but when they heard 8.________her rules they knew it was 9.____________(hope). So many of them sadly went home, but others stayed to run the race. There was a man 10.__________(call) Hippomenes who 11._____________(amaze) when he heard of Atlanta's rules, "Why are these men so foolish?" he thought. "Why will they let 12.___________(them) be killed because they cannot run as fast as this princess?" However, when he saw Atlanta come out of her house to run, Hippomenes changed his mind. "I will marry Atlanta - or die!" he said. The race started and 13.___________ the men ran very fast, Atlanta ran faster. As Hippomenes watched he thought, "How can I run as fast as Atlanta?" He went to ask the Greek Goddess of Love 14.________ help. She promised to help him and gave him three 15.___________(gold) apples. She said, "Throw an apple in front of Atlanta when she is running past. When she stops to pick it up, you will be able to run past her and win." Hippomenes took the apples and went to the King. He said, "I want to marry Atlanta." The King was sad to see 16. a___________ man die, but Hippomenes said, "I will marry her - or die!" So the race began. Unit3 WHO AM I? Over time I 1._________________(change) quite a lot. I began as a calculating machine in France in 1642. 2.____________ I was young I could simplify difficult sums. I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years 3.__________ I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. After I 4.________________(program) by an operator who used cards with holes, I could "think" 5.____________ (logic) and produce an answer quicker than any person. At that time it was considered a 6._______________ (technology) revolution and the start of my "artificial intelligence". In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a "7.___________ (universe) machine" to solve any difficult 8.______________(maths) problem. From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. By the 1940s I 9.______________(grow) as large as a room, and I wondered if I would grow any larger. However, this 10.___________(real) also worried my designers. 11._________time went by, I was made smaller. First as a PC (personal computer) and then as a laptop, I 12.________________(use) in offices and homes since the 1970s. These changes only became possible as my memory improved. First it was stored in tubes, then on transistors and later on very small chips. As a result I 13.__________(total) changed my shape. As I have grown older I have also grown smaller. Over time my memory 14._______________(develop) so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I 15._______________(tell)! And my memory became so large that even I couldn't believe it! But I was always so lonely 16.____________(stand) there by myself, until in the early 1960s they gave me a family 17.____________(connect) by a network. I was able to share my knowledge with others through the World Wide Web. Since the 1970s many new 18.____________(apply) have been found for me. I have become very important in 19.________________(communicate), finance and trade. I have also been put into robots
and used to make mobile phones as well as help with 20.__________(medicine) operations. I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans 21._________ a life of high quality. I am now truly filled with 22.____________ (happy) that I am a 23.____________(devote) friend and helper of the human race! Unit4 HOW DAISY LEARNED TO HELP WLDLIFE Daisy had always longed to help 1.___________(danger) species of wildlife. One day she 2.________ (wake) up and found a flying carpet by her bed. "Where do you want to go?" it asked. Daisy responded 3.i_____________(立刻). "I'd like to see some endangered wildlife," she said. "Please take me to a distant land 4.__________ I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater." At once the carpet 5.___________(fly) away and took her to Tibet. There Daisy saw an antelope 6.___________(look) sad. It said, "We're 7.______________(kill) for the wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur 8.____________ (use) to make sweaters for people like you. As a result, we are now an endangered species." At that Daisy cried, "I'm sorry I didn't know that. I wonder 9._________is being done to help you. Flying carpet, please show me a place where there's some wildlife 10.p______________(保护)." The flying carpet travelled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. Daisy turned around and found that she 11.__________________(watch) by an elephant. "Have you come to take my photo?" it asked. In relief Daisy burst into 12._____________(laugh). "Don't laugh," said the elephant, "We used to be an endangered species. Farmers hunted us 13. w__________(没有) mercy. They said we 14.__________ (destroy) their farms, and money from tourists only went to the large tour companies. So the 15. g_____________(政府) decided to help. They allowed tourists to hunt only a certain number of animals if they paid the farmers. Now the farmers are happy and our numbers 16._____________ (increase). So good things 17.___________________(do) here to save local wildlife." Daisy smiled. "That's good news. It shows the 18._____________(important) of wildlife protection, but I'd like to help as the WWF suggests." The carpet 19.__________(rise) again and almost at once they were in a thick rainforest. A monkey watched them as it 20.__________(rub) itself. "What are you doing?" asked Daisy. ” I’m protecting myself from mosquitoes," it replied. "When I find a millipede insect, I rub it over my body. It contains a 21._____________(power) drug which affects mosquitoes. You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live and appreciate how the animals live together. No rainforest, no animals, no drugs." Daisy was amazed. "Flying carpet, please take me home so I can tell WWF and we can begin producing this new drug. Monkey, please come and help." The monkey agreed. The carpet flew home. As they landed, things began to disappear. Two minutes later everything 22.______________(go) –the monkey, too. So Daisy was not able to make her new drug. But 23._________ an experience! She had learned so much! And there was always WWF ... Unit5 THE BAND THAT WASN'T Have you ever wanted to be part of a band as a famous singer or 1.______________(音乐家)? Have you ever dreamed of 2.____________(play) in front of thousands of people at a concert, 3._____________ everyone is clapping and 4._______________(appreciate) your music? Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Liu Huan? To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to 5.______________(become) rich and famous. But just how do people form a band? Many musicians meet and 6.____________(组成) a band because they like to write and play their own music. They may start as a group of high-school students, 7.______________(对于他们) practicing their music in someone's house is the first step to fame. Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for 8.______________ (them) or to pay for their instruments. Later they may give 9. p_______________ (演出) in pubs or
clubs, 10._____________ (为此) they are paid in cash. Of course they hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become 11._______________ (百万富豪)! However, there was one band that started in a different way. It was called the Monkees and began as a TV show. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music , 12. ______________ (其中大部分) was based 13.____________(loose) on the Beatles. The TV organizers 14._______________(plan) to find four musicians who could act as well as sing. They put an 15.________________(广告) in a newspaper looking for rock musicians, but they could only find one who was good enough. They had to use actors for the other three members of the band. As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to 16. r__________(依赖) on other musicians to help them. So during the broadcasts they just pretended to sing. Anyhow their performances were 17.____________(humour) enough 18.______________(copy) by other groups. They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more 19. f___________(熟悉) with them. Each week on TV, the Monkees would play and sing songs 20.___________(write) by other musicians. However, after a year or so 21.______________they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. Then they produced their own records and started touring and playing their own music. In the USA they became even more popular than the Beatles and sold even more records. The band broke up about 1970, but 22.___________(happy) they reunited in the mid-1980s. They produced a new record in 1996, 23._____________ they celebrated their former time as a real band. Unit one 1.have imagined 2. would have 3. amazing 4. was given 5. which 6. decorated 7. to make 8. to whom 9. In 10. as 11. reception 12. moved 13. where 14. was completed 15. shone 16. missing 17. when 18. furniture 19. stole 20. wooden 21. that 23. mystery 24. have built 25. studying 26. one Unit two 1. was not allowed 2. herself 3. that 4. marry 5. So 6. will run 7. will be killed 8. of 9. hopeless 10. called 11. was amazed 12. themselves 13. although 14. for 15. golden 16. another Unit three 1. have been changed 2. Although 3.before 4. was programmed 5. logically 6. technological 7. universal 8. mathematical 9. have grown 10. reality 11. As 12. have been used 13. totally 14. have developed 15. have been told 16. standing 17. connected 18. applications 19. communication 20. medical 21. with 22. happiness 23.devoted Unit four 1. endangered 2. woke 3. immediately 4. where 5. flew 6. looking 7. being killed 8. is being used 9. what 10. protection 11. was being watched 12. laughter 13. without 14. destroyed 15. government 16. is increasing 17. are being done 18. importance 19. rose 20. rubbed 21. powerful 22. had gone 23. what Unit five 1. musician 2. playing 3. at which/where 4. appreciating 5. becoming 6. form 7. for whom 8. themselves 9. performances 10. for which 11. millionaire 12. most of which 13. loosely 14. had planned 15. advertisement 16. rely 17. humorous 18. to be copied 19. familiar 20. written 21. in which/when 22. happily 23. with which 定语从句【参考答案】 1. of which 2. the larger of which 3. of which 4. with whom 5. whose 6. through which 7. the price of which 8. without which 9. on which were written 10. of whom 11. which 12. which 13. which 14. which 15. which 16. whom 17. at which 18. who 19. where 20. that 被动语态【参考答案】 1. will be completed 2. will be punished 3. be taken care of 4. will; be given; are built 5. is to blame 6. has been used 7. has been taken 8. have taken ; have been set 9. has been visited 10. has been ruined 11. is being broadcast 12. is being questioned 13. is being graded 14. is being discussed 15. is being tested