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高中英语语法之冠词


高中英语语法---冠词
冠词是虚词,本身不能单独使用,也没有词义,它用在名词的前面,帮助指明名词的含义。英语中冠 词有三种,一种是定冠词,另一种是不定冠词,还有一种是零冠词。 不定冠词的用法 不定冠词 a (an)与数词 one 同源,是"一个"的意思。 1) 表示"一个",意为 one;指某人或某物,意为 a certain。 A Mr. Ling is waiting for you. 2) 代表一类人或物。 A knife is a tool for cutting with. Mr. Smith is an engineer. 3) 用于由抽象名词转化过来的名词前 She was a beauty when she was in the university. 4) 词组或成语。 a little / a few / a lot / a type of / a pile / a great many / many a / as a rule / in a hurry / in a minute / in a word / in a short while / after a while / have a cold / have a try / keep an eye on / all of a sudden 定冠词的用法 定冠词 the 与指示代词 this,that 同源,有"那(这)个"的意思,但较弱,可以和一个名词连用, 来表示某个或某些特定的人或东西。 1)特指双方都明白的人或物: Take the medicine. 2)上文提到过的人或事: He bought a house. I've been to the house. 3)指世上独一物二的事物: the sun, the sky, the moon, the earth 4)单数名词连用表示一类事物,如:the dollar; the fox; 或与形容词或分词连用,表示一类人:the rich 富人; the living 生者。 5)用在序数词和形容词最高级,及形容词 only, very, same 等前面: Where do you live? I live on the second floor. That's the very thing I've been looking for. 6)与复数名词连用,指整个群体: They are the teachers of this school.(指全体教师) They are teachers of this school.(指部分教师) 7)表示所有,相当于物主代词,用在表示身体部位的名词前: She caught me by the arm. 8)用在某些由普通名词构成的国家名称、机关团体、阶级、等专有名词前: the People's Republic of China the United States 9)用在表示乐器的名词之前: She plays the piano. 10) 用在姓氏的复数名词之前,表示一家人: the Greens 11) 用在表量度单位的名词前,表示“每一” : Eggs are sold by the dozen. 12) 用在年代、朝代名词或逢十的数词前,表示某个年代: the Tang Dynasty in the 1990’s 13) 用在惯用语中: in the day, in the morning (afternoon,evening), the day after tomorrow , the day before yesterday, the next morning, in the sky (water,field,country) , in the dark, in the rain, in the distance,
in the middle (of), in the end, on the whole, by the way, go to the theatre

零冠词的用法 1) 国名、人名前通常不用定冠词: England, Mary; 2)泛指的复数名词,表示一类人或事物时,可不用定冠词; They are teachers. 3)抽象名词表示一般概念时,通常不加冠词; Failure is the mother of success.失败乃成功之母。 4)物质名词表示一般概念时,通常不加冠词,当表示特定的意思时,需要加定冠词; Man cannot live without water. 5)在季节、月份、节日、 假日、日期、星期等表示时间的名词之前,不加冠词; We go to school from Monday to Friday. 6)在三餐、球类运动和娱乐运动的名称前,不加冠词 have breakfast,play chess 7)当 by 与火车等交通工具连用,表示一种方式时,中间无冠词; by bus,by train; 8)有些个体名词不用冠词;如:school,college,prison,hospital,bed,table,class,town, 等个体名词,直接置于介词后,表示该名词的深层含义; go to hospital 去医院看病 go to the hospital 去医院 (并不是去看病,而是有其他目的) 9)在称呼或表示官衔,职位的名词前不加冠词; The guards took the American to General Lee. 士兵们把这个美国人送到李将军那里。 10)系动词 turn(变成,成为)后的单数名词做表语,不加冠词。 He has turned scientist. 11) 当两个或两个以上名词并用时,常省去冠词; I can't write without pen or pencil. 12) 不用冠词的序数词; a. 序数词前有物主代词 She is my first friend. b. 序数词作副词 He came first in the race. c. 在固定词组中 at (the) first, first of all,from first to last w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 冠词位置 1) 不定冠词位置 不定冠词常位于名词或名词修饰语前。注意: a. 位于下列形容词之后: such,what,many,half, I have never seen such an animal. Many a man is fit for the job. b. 当名词前的形容词被副词 as, so, too, how, however, enough 修饰时,不定冠词应放在形容词之后: It is as pleasant a day as I have ever spent. so short a time. too long a distance. c. quite,rather 与单数名词连用,冠词放在其后。但当名词前仍有形容词修饰时,不定冠词放其 前后均可。如: He is rather a fool. It’s rather a cold day/a rather cold day. d. 在 as,though 引导的让步状语从句中,当表语为形容词修饰的名词时,不定冠词放形容词后: Brave a man though he is,he trembles at the sight of snakes. 2) 定冠词位置 定冠词通常位于名词或名词修饰语前,但放在 all,both,double,half,twice,three times 等词之后, 名词之前。 All the students in the class went out.

高中英语语法冠词专项练习
( ) 1.______recent report stated that the number of Spanish speakers in the U.S .would be higher than the number of English speakers by_____ year 2090. A.A, the B. A, / C. The ,/ D. The, a ( ) 2.If you go by ____train, you can have quite a comfortable journey, but make sure you get _____fast one. A. /, / B./, a C. the, a D./,/ ( ) 3. It is often said that ____teachers have _______very easy life. A. /,/ B. /,a C. the,/ D. the, a ( ) 4. I can’t remember when exactly the Robinsons left __city, I only remember it was___Monday. A. the , the B. a ,the C. a, a D. the, a ( ) 5.If you grow up in ______large family ,you are more likely to develop _____ability to get on well with ______others . A. /, an, the B. a, the ,/ C. the ,an ,the D. a, the ,the ( ) 6.Mrs Taylor has ___8-year-old daughter who has _____gift for painting –she has won two national prizes. A. a, a B. an ,the C. an ,a D. the, a ( )7.After dinner he gave Mr. Richardson ________ride to ________Capital Airport. A .the, a B. a, the C. /, a D. /, the ( )8.On May 5,2005,at ___World Table Tennis Championship, Kong Linghui and Wang Hao won the gold medal in men’s with ____score of 4:1. A. a ,a B. / the C. a ,/ D. the ,a ( )9.I knew ______John Lennon ,but not ____famous one. A. /,a B. a ,the C. /, the D. the, a ( )10.The book tells ____life story of John Smith ,who left _______school and worked for a newspaper at the age of 16. A. the, the B. a , the C. the./ D. a,/ ( )11.When you come here for your holiday next time, don’t go to _____hotel ; I can find you ______bed in my flat. A. the ,a B. the,/ C. a ,the D. a,/ ( )12.If you buy more than ten, they will knock 20 percent off________. A. a price B. price C. the price D. prices ( )13.____on-going division between English –speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is _______major concern of the country. A. The ,/ B. The ,a C. An ,the D. An, / ( )14.When he left _____college ,he got a job as ______reporter in a newspaper office . A. /, a B. /, the C .a, the D .the, the ( )15.The most important thing about cotton in history is ___part that it played in ____Industrial Revolution. A. /, / B. the,/ C. the , the D. a ,the ( )16.While he was investigating ways to improve the telescope, Newton made _______discovery which completely changed ____ man’s understanding of color. A. a ,/ B. a ,the C. /, the D. the ,a ( )17.It is ___world of wonders, _____world where anything can happen. A. a. the B. a, a C. the, a D. /,/ ( )18.The Wilsons live in ___A-shaped house near the coast . It is ___17th century cottage.

A. the, / B. an, the C. /, the D. an ,a ( )19.Tom owns ___larger collection of _____books than any other student in our class. A.the ,/ B. a,/ C. a ,the D. /, the ( )20.For a long time they walked without saying ___word. Jim was the first to break _____silence. A. the, a B. a ,the C. a ,/ D. the,/ ( )21.There was ____time _____I hated to go to school. A.a ,that B. a ,when C. the ,that D. the ,when ( )22.When you finish reading the book, you will have better understanding of ___life., A. a, the B. the, a C. /,the D.a, / ( )23.I earn 10 dollars ____hour as ____supermarket cashier on Saturday. A.a, an B. the ,a C. an ,a D . an ,the ( )24. The sign reads “in case of___fire ,break the glass and push _____red button” A. /,a B. /, the C. the ,the D. a ,a ( )25.I don’t like talking on ______telephone ; I prefer writing ____letters. A. a, the B. the, / C. the ,the D. a , / ( )26.Jumping out of ____airplane at ten thousand feet is quite _____exciting experience. A. /, the B. /, an C. an, an D. the, the ( )27.One way to understand thousands of new words is to gain _____good knowledge of basic word formation. A. / B. the C. a D. one ( )28.The cakes are delicious. He’d like have ______third one because _____second one is rather too small. A. a, a B. the ,the C. a ,the D. the ,a ( )29.A bullet hit the solider and he was wounded in ____leg. A. a B .one C. the D. his ( )30.The warmth of _ sweater will of course be determined by the sort of wool used. A.the, the B. the ,/ C. /, the D. /, /


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