Unit 2English around the world
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. He looks handsome and gentle, but a he is a thief. 2. Pronunciation and grammar is quite important in English learning. And so is v . 3. He went to Britain, hoping to learn s English there. 4. “A ” is often used in American English while “flat” is used in British English. 5. Some English people have a strong a , which adds difficulties to our understanding of them. Ⅱ. 用方框内所给单词或短语的适当形式填空 play a part/recognize/include/come up/make use of 1. You need to pay 1,500 for the tour and the price for the hotel is . 2. Her sweet smile in her winning the English Speech Competition. 3. Where are you from? I can’t your accent. 4. To learn English well, you’d better every chance you have to speak it. 5. He was a general who had from the ranks. Ⅲ. 完成句子 1. 在某些方面，这些文字是各自不同的。 , these words are different from one another. 2. 包括 6 位老人和 7 名小孩，一共 76 人参加了这次植树活动。 Seventy six people attended the tree planting, 6 old men and 7 children . 3. 如果你来晚了，你应该向老师道歉，可以在当时，也可以在课后。 If you are late you should apologize to the teacher at that time after class. 4. 因为暴风雨的袭击，地里的庄稼受到了一定的损害。 the bad storm the crops in the fields are damaged a lot. 5. 你听两个英国本土的人说话的时候，你会发现他们所讲的是不同的英语。 When you hear two speak English, their English may be different.
Ⅳ. 单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Mr Smith didn’t go to the movie. He went swimming, A. instead of B. instead C. too D. either 2. — I’m going to take an exam tomorrow morning. — you good luck. A. Wish B. Hope C. To wish D. Hoping 3. of the street there is a book shop. A. At the end B. By the end C. In the end D. To the end
4. I had finished my work when my mother called me up. A. yet B. hardly C. nearly D. finally 5. —Will you go to his birthday party? —No, invited to. A. so as B. as if C. as though D. even if 6. —Do you know Harry Potter VI has just ? —Really? Can you get for me? A. come out; one B. come up; it C. come about; that D. come on; one 7. late she came home, her mother always waited at the door. A. Whatever B. No matter when C. No matter what D. However 8. students are practicing English with each other at the English corner. A. The number of; to speak B. A great deal of; spoken C. A number of; speaking D. A great many; speak 9. The reason why he didn’t attend the meeting is he stayed up late last night and didn’t get up until ten o’clock this morning. A. because B. why C. for D. that 10. The scenery in my hometown is beautiful beyond . A. communication B. expression C. situation D. organization 11. —I’d like to take a week’s holiday. — . We’re too busy. A. Don’t worry B. Don’t mention it C. Forget it D. Pardon me 12. —Do you mind if I smoke? — A. Why not? B. Yes, help yourself. C. Go ahead. D. Yes, but you’d better not. 13. life pace continues to speed up, we are quickly losing the art of enjoyment. A. With B. When C. As D. While 14. In front of the four witnesses, the thief had to admit the car. A. to steal B. to have stolen C. stealing D. of stealing 15. In some countries, is called “equality” does not really mean equal rights for all people. A. which B. what C. that D. one Ⅴ. 阅读理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出最佳选项。
A As a solo artist, Brightman has sold 26 million albums and two million DVDs in 34 countries. Her musical styles put opera, pop and jazz together. She is popular in the States but not here (Britain) — the image of her and her second husband, Andrew Lloyd Webber (he much older, she his muse) seems for ever frozen. The 47-year-old singer talks about the new album Symphony that came out of a “very dark time”, including her decision to give up trying to have children. “People have suggested I could adopt,” Brightman says. “But work is central to my life now. And so I am going to put it to one side. After a while not having children becomes the norm and perhaps that might sound alarming, to parents especially, but I have never known anything different. I’m not hurt by not having children. My life and career are incredibly rich.” Talking about growing up in a large family in Berkhamsted (father a property developer who later committed suicide), she says,“I was gifted as a child, and very musical. I seemed to be good at anything to do with the arts. At 5 I understood the music I was dancing to and had an eye for costume.” She first appeared in a West End musical at 11 and hated boarding school. Brightman led the saucy dance troupe（辣妹三人舞） Hot Gossip and had her first hit with I Lost My Heart to a Starship Trooper in 1978. At 18 she married a music manager called Andrew Graham Stewart. “I was probably in love but I can’t remember. Girls change such a lot between 18 and 22. It didn’t really work out.” In 1981 she was spotted by Lloyd Webber. She became his leading lady in Song and Dance,Requiem and Phantom of the Opera. They married in 1984. Brightman says she felt hostility(敌意) “from the beginning. I haven’t tried to understand it. I’ve done very well everywhere else, especially the US, where I now live, I just accept it for what it is. The more you are away from Britain, the more you appreciate it. But I don’t miss it, although I miss my family. Our profession can be uncomfortable but I enjoy what I do. I get on with it.” 1. The first paragraph tells us that . A. Brightman is very popular around the world except in America B. Brightman’s musical style is a mixture of opera, pop and jazz C. the British people don’t like her for her style of music D. Brightman is much older than Andrew Lloyd Webber 2. Brightman decided to give up having children because . A. she could adopt one B. her life and career were unbelievably rich without children C. she felt it normal not to have children D. she was too busy 3. The underlined word in the fourth paragraph probably means . A. located B. admired C. followed D. found 4. What does the author try to say in the last paragraph by quoting Brightman’s words? A. Brightman has accepted the fact that she is unwelcome in Britain. B. Brightman lives in America but she loves her own country. C. The British coldness towards Brightman led to her hatred to her homeland. D. Brightman was at a loss why she was not welcome in Britain.
B Microsoft founder Bill Gates has recovered his spot at the top of the US money heap, taking the place of investor Warren Buffett as America’s richest person, Forbes magazine’s latest list reveals. With 57 billion dollars net worth Gates again leads the list of 400 richest individuals in the world’s wealthiest country. He displaced Buffett who briefly held the position this year but who has seen his Berkshire Hathaway investment group’s shares slip 15 percent since February and is now worth 50 billion. According to Forbes, whose list was published late Wednesday, the golden 400 have 1.3 billion dollars net worth or more. However, their combined net worth rose only 30 billion dollars, or two percent, to 1.57 trillion dollars. Forbes said that rising oil and dizzy art prices fuelled the entry of 31 new members into the ultra?rich club and the return of eight previous members. A notable arrival was Mark Zuckerberg, 24, founder of the social networking site Facebook（脸谱网）. Forbes estimates his worth at 1.5 billion dollars. Meanwhile, turmoil（动荡）on the stock and housing markets saw 33 others drop off the list, including the former head of the troubled insurance giant AIG, Maurice Greenberg, and a former head of the online auction site eBay, Margaret Whitman. Biggest gainers were led by New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg who took eighth place with 20 billion dollars worth after a transaction（交易）put a new value on his Bloomberg media and financial data network. The biggest loser was casino（赌场，娱乐场）tycoon Sheldon Adelson, whose fortune fell 13 billion dollars over 12 months — the equivalent to 1.5 million dollars an hour — although he still has 15 billion dollars and occupies 15th place. About two thirds of the list are self?made billionaires and just over 10 percent are women, led by television star Oprah Winfrey whose fortune rose 200 million dollars to 2.7 billion dollars. 5. According to Forbes, Warren Buffet is worth . A. 57 billion dollars B. 50 billion dollars C. 1.5 billion dollars D. 20 billion dollars 6. 31 new members entered the ultra-rich club as a result of . A. turmoil on the stock and housing market B. media and financial data network C. rising oil and dizzy art prices D. investment 7. The purpose of the author using the television star Oprah Winfrey as an example is to . A. tell the readers that television stars make money easily B. prove that a millionaire can become a billionaire C. women can also be billionaires D. tell the readers that most of the billionaires are self-made 8. It can be inferred from the story that . A. one earns much and also loses much
B. C. D. 9. A. B. C. D.
stability of markets has much effect upon people’s wealth the computer industry makes more billionaires young people can also be billionaires What is the BEST title of the passage? Bill Gates Leading World’s Richest People Again What Made Billionaires Self-Made Billionaires Biggest Gainer and Biggest Loser
参 考 答 案 Unit 2English around the world ?基础操练 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. actually2. vocabulary3. standard 4. Apartment 5. accent Ⅱ. 用方框内所给单词或短语的适当形式填空 1. included 2. played a part 3. recognize 4. make use of 5. come up Ⅲ. 完成句子 1. In some ways2. included3. either; or 4. Because of5. native speakers ?提升练习 Ⅳ. 单项填空 1. 解析： 选 B。 根据题意可知， 史密斯先生当时没有去看电影， 而是去游泳了。 应选副词 instead 来表示这种关系。A 项后应加名词或动名词。C、D 两项不合题意。 2. 解析：选 A。wish 用来表达“祝愿”。 3. 解析：选 A。at the end of the street 意为“在街的尽头”，其他选项不合题意。 4. 解析：选 C。nearly 意为“几乎”。符合句意“任务几乎要完成了，母亲打来电话”。 5. 解析：选 D。考查连词。第二句句意为：即使受到邀请也不去。 6. 解析：选 A。come out 意为“出版”，one 在此相当于 a book。 7. 解析：选 D。however 在这里引导的是让步状语从句，意为“无论多么”。
8. 解析： 选 C。 a number of 意为“许多； 大量”， practise 后跟 v.?ing 形式作宾语。 the number of 意为“??的数量”。 9. 解析：选 D。the reason 作主语，我们用 that 从句作表语，而不是 because 作表语。 10. 解析：选 B。句意为：我们家乡的风景美得无法表达。 11. 解析：选 C。forget it 意为“休想，不可能”，在意思上与下文相符。 12. 解析：选 D。根据上下文的意思，只有 D 项最符合题干要求，即“是的，我介意，你最好 别抽”。 13. 解析：选 C。连词 as 表示前后句中动作的同时发生，引导时间状语从句。with 后应接名 词或短语，不能接句子；while 引导时间状语，表示前后对比关系，此处不合题意；when 仅表时 间，无同时发生之意。 14. 解析：选 C。考查 admit 的用法。admit doing sth.意为“承认做过某事”，是固定句型。 15. 解析：选 B。引导主语从句且在句中作主语，排除 C、D 两项，又因 which 表示的意思不对， 故只能选 B。what 在此作主语从句的主语并引导主语从句。 Ⅴ. 阅读理解 1. 解析：选 B。细节理解题。从第一段我们可以了解到，莎拉·布莱曼的音乐特色是歌剧，流 行音乐，和爵士乐的相互交融的综合产物。 2. 解析：选 C。细节理解题。第二段说“After a while not having children becomes the norm and perhaps that might sound alarming, to parents especially, but I have never known anything different”可知，布莱曼并没有觉得没有孩子有什么不正常的。 3. 解析：选 D。词义理解题。spot 意为“认出，发现”。1981 年布莱曼被 Webber 发现，遇到 了“伯乐”。 4. 解析：选 A。意图推断题。文章最后一段援引了布莱曼的话，充满了无奈。布莱曼并没有说 自己因为英国人不喜欢她而痛恨英国，但她也坦言她并不想念自己的家乡，虽然只是惦念父母和 家人。“I just accept it for what it is”说明布莱曼只有接受现实而已。 5. 解析：选 B。细节理解题。文章第二段末尾提及股神 Buffett 今年的股票下滑了 15%，目前 的财富为 500 亿美元。 6. 解析：选 C。细节理解题。文章第四段中提到“rising oil and dizzy art prices fuelled the entry of 31 new members into the ultra?rich club and the return of eight previous members.”即油价上涨与扑朔迷离的艺术品价格使得 31 位新成员加入最富人的行列， 另有 8 位成 员重返 400 最富排行榜。 7. 解析：选 C。意图推断题。文章最后一段中提到“just over 10 percent are women, led by television star Oprah Winfrey whose fortune rose 200 million dollars to 2.7 billion dollars”，400 最富排行榜中只有 10%的人是女士，为首的是电视明星 Oprah Winfrey，这一例 证说明，占据财富的不仅仅是男士，女士同样可以创造财富。 8. 解析：选 B。推理判断题。文章第四段与第六段列举了油价暴涨，艺术品市场的高深莫测， 股票市场和房地产行业的动荡不定使得新富翁榜上有名，位居显贵者名落孙山。由此可以推断： 市场的稳定性对财富具有重要的影响。 9. 解析：选 A。标题概括题。全文以比尔·盖茨为中心，叙述了他重领世界最富的情况。因此 A 项正确。