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高考英语完形填空常考词汇总结+高考英语完形选项必认单词


动词类: 1“看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ stare 好奇地看/ glare 瞪着看 Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 see a film watch TV 2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的交 流 Say sth 诉说的内容 speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 Inform sb of sth 通 知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain 讨价还价 chat 聊 天 repeat 重复 explain 解释 warn 警告 remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 figure 指出 declare 宣布 claim 自称 mention 提起 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气 quarrel 大吵 4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问 5“答” answer 回答 respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 6 “听” listen to 听的动作 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到 7“写” dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 drop a line 写信 draw 画 take down/write down 写下,记下 8“拿/放” take 拿走 bring 拿来 hold 举着 carry 扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch 拿来拿去 lift 举 Put 放 lay 铺/放置 pull 拉/push 推 9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠 10“打” hit 一次性的打击 beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打/突然想到 blow 吹刮 attack 攻击 11“扔” throw 扔 drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇 12“送” send 寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 13“摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折叠 /embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握 in one’s arms 14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly crawl 匍匐前进 16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean 斜靠 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back 仰卧/ on one side 斜着/ on one’s stomach 俯卧 stay in bed 卧病在床 have a rest 休息一会儿 take a nap 打盹 be asleep bend turn over 翻身 rest 18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh 嘲笑,笑声 burst into laughter= burst out laughing 忍 不住大笑 19“哭” cry vt.& vi.哭; 喊,叫; vt.哭着说 shed (vt 除掉 使流出 使脱落 n.小屋 车棚) tears 留泪 weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying 20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 find out 查明 discover/explore 发现/探索 hunt for 寻找,搜索 search for 为寻求 seek 寻求 寻找 / seek for in search of 寻找 Search sb 搜身 search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 Check 检查,核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视察 21“穿” put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up 化装 get changed 换衣服 be in red 穿着红色的衣服 Take off 脱 remove 去除 try on 试穿 22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 have a meal 吃饭 have supper 吃晚饭 toast 烤、敬酒 taste 品尝 treat sb to 请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃

23“得” get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess 24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见 gone 不见(物) great loss die 大规模死亡 die off 相继死去 die away 逐渐消失 25“有” have 有 own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess 26 “无” nothing left 输得精光 the remaining thing 剩下的东西 disappear 消失 be missing /gone 失踪,丢失 27“增/减” rise / go up /drop 人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease 28“买/卖” buy purchase 购买 afford 支付得起 pay 支付 pay off 付清 pay for 为。 。 。 付钱 sell 卖 on sale 廉价出售 bargain 讨价还价 Bill 票据 / cheque 支票 / cash/ credit card 信用卡 notes 票据/ coins 硬币 discounts 打折 29“存在/消失”come into being 形成,产生 exist 存在 appear 出现 /survive 幸存/ live 活着 /show 显示/turn up 出现/ disappear 消失 /die /die out 灭绝/ pass away 去世 /be out of sight 看不见 30“变化” develop 发展 /improve 改善/ become 变得/ grow 发展, 生长/ go +bad /wrong/ sour 变坏, 故障, 变酸或不再受欢迎/without( negative adj.表示负面的一些不好的变化吧) turn + 颜色 /change /change into 变成/reform 改革 31“认识的过程”feel 感觉/ sense 感觉/guess 猜/ suppose 猜想/ wonder 怀疑/ doubt 怀疑/ know 知道 /learn 学习 / realize 意识到/ understand 理解/ remember 记得/ be familiar with 对... 熟悉/recall 回想起/recite 背诵/apply to 致力于 32“成功/失败” make it 做到,好转 /succeed 成功 /make progress 取得进步/come true 实现 /realize one’s dream 实现某人的梦想 /win 胜利/lose 失败/fail to do 没能做,未做 /failure 失败 /defeat 战胜,击败/suffer 容忍,变差/ /beat 打败 /turn sth. into reality 把什么变 成现实 33“努力” try 努力/manage 设法/make efforts 作出努力/attempt 试图/do ones best 尽 最大的努力/as much as one can to do 尽某人最大努力 34 祝贺 congratulations on sth/to sb 祝贺某事/某人 celebrate/ observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 35 赞美/批评 praise 赞扬 think highly of 对。 。高度评价/ blame sb for sth 因。 。责备某人 / sb is to blame 某人该受责备 criticize 批评 /scold sb. for sth. 责骂某人做某事 have a low opinion of sb 评价甚低; 轻视; 瞧不起 Speak ill of 说某人坏话 36 喜/恶 like 喜欢,爱好 love 爱 be fond of 喜欢 be keen on 热衷;喜爱 be crazy about 喜 欢。 。adore 敬爱,崇敬 prefer?doing 喜欢 enjoy 欣赏,喜欢 dislike 不喜欢 unlike 不同 hate 厌恶 awful 极坏的 disgusting 令人讨厌的 ignore 忽视 turn off 37 判断 think 认为 believe 相信 consider 认为, 考虑 find 发现 feel 感觉 conclude 推 断 infer 推理 doubt 怀疑 38 到达 arrive at/ reach/get to 到达/ return to 返回到某个地方,状态 stay in sp 待在某个 地方 visit 访问;探望;参观;游览 leave 离开 leave for 离开去某地 on one’s way to 在某人去
1. on one’s way to do 中的 to do 作目的状语,短语意思为“在去做某事的路上” ,也就是赶路去 做某事,这里的“路”可是货真价实的路,土路、水泥路、柏油路等等,绝不是抽象意义上的路。 例句 1:She was on her way to do some shopping when she was knocked down by a car.(参见《英 语搭配大辞典》 )

试译:她在去购物的路上被车撞倒了。 2. on one’s way to doing 中的 to doing 引出的是某个过程的结果,短语意思为“接近做某事” ,也就 是说这里的路是抽象意义上的路,是一个过程。 例句 2:He is well on his way to becoming an officer of the company. (参见《现代英语用法词典》 ) 试译:他就快当上公司的高管了。 巧合的是,Macmillan English Dictionary 与《现代英语用法词典》上给出的例句用的都是动词 becoming。 从上例我们也可以看到,on one’s way to doing 可以被 well 修饰,强调“就快做某事” 。 两者的区别说起来似乎有些复杂,其实也有个简单的辨别办法。因为 on one’s way to do 中的不定式是 目的,而不是目的地,我们就可以在 way 后面加上 to someplace,而 on one’s way to doing 则加不了。 也就是说,能在 way 后面补上目的地(+to someplace)的就接不定式,否则就接动名词。 例句 1 就可以改写为:She was on her way to the supermarket to do some shopping when she was knocked down by a car.(试译:她在去超市购物的路上被车撞倒了。 ) 很明显,只有在货真价实的路上她才能被撞,或者碰见老朋友之类的。 总之,两者的区别主要来源于意义,即具体和抽象的区别。 拓展:go back 与 return 等用法类似。

upon one’s arrival on doing sth 某人一到达就做一些事情 39 受伤 hurt/ injured /wound /cut 受伤 kill drown 淹死 bleed 流血 get burnt 遭殃 suffer from 遭受 suffer a loss 受损失 40 损坏 damage 损坏,destroy 摧毁 破坏,ruin 毁灭 糟蹋(n.废墟) break down 分解 发生故障 失败?? be broken 这个应该是被动语态吧 被打碎 被中断 crash 撞击 崩溃 破 产 41 修复 repair 修复/rebuild 复原/ restore 恢复/ fix 修理/ recover oneself 恢复正常 42 支持/反对 agree 同意 disagree 不同意 accept 接受 receive 接受 refuse 拒绝 turn down 拒绝、关小调低、比率减少 43 做饭 cook 做饭; 厨师 wash 洗 cut 切 chop 砍 boil 煮 fry 煎 steam 水汽 make 制 作 mix 混合 clean 清洁 brush 刷 cover 覆盖 uncover 揭开 cooker 炊具 44 建议 advise suggest recommend/ urge 催促; 推进, 驱策; 力劝, 规劝; 极力主张 propose 提议,建议; 打算,计划 demand persuade 说服 45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do sth It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense 46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put away spare no effort/ time 47 参加 take part in 参加 join 参加 join in 参加 attend 出席 compete 竞争 compete in 在...方面竞争 compete for 为了...竞争 compete against 和...竞赛 48 控告 accuse sb. of 指控某人 charge sb. With 控告某人做某事 49 救治 help /help out save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of sth Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire 赞美/respect 尊重/show respect for 对...表示尊重/to adore envy 爱慕嫉妒 /jealousy 嫉妒/in honor of 为了向?表示敬意 51 逃避 ran away/ flee /逃跑 escape from 从??中逃出 hide 隐藏 52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth forbid doing sth. Ban prohibit 53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth solve settle 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn 54 爆发/发生 come about happen to take place break out burst out go off explosion

55 安装/装备 fasten fix set equip be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with 装备有 56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上 57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 consider think over 仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be considerate towards sb. 58 打算 plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do 59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like as if as though 60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down 名词类 1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk 职员, 办事员; 书记; 店员; 记账员 waitress 女服务生 secretary 秘书; 书记;部长;大臣 friend 朋友;助手;赞助者 passer-by 过路人、经过者 minister 部长;大 臣;牧师 customer 顾客 manager 经理;管理人员 guest 客人;顾客;宾客 host 主人;主持 人 hostess 女主人,女老板;女服务员;舞女;女房东 adult 成年人 Assistant 助手;助理; 助教 neighbor 邻居 relative 亲戚;亲属 Patient 病人;患者 vet 兽医 staff 职员 crew 船员 nurse 护士;保姆 teacher 老师;导师 conductor 售票员;管理人;领导者 tailor 裁缝 Sailor 水手;海员 inventor 发明家 gardener 园丁;花匠;园艺家 Guard 守卫;警卫 4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin 5 诊所 / 看病 / 服药 clinic hospital take one ’ s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon specialist patient 6 车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb. 7 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist 8 意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy 9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable 10 优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness 11 目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith 12 方式 means method way manner approach 13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记 Files form make a list of 16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony 18 建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommendation 19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯例(名词) 22 感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense 23 情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/well-off 25 运动比赛 on the playground on the track and filed pitch event game match sports player Coach judge jogging weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/ 26 衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指 布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of 27 事件 incident, accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 形容词类 1 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲 sad unhappy painful bitter 平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful 烦 bother bored be fed up with 震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed 怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid 失望 desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed 满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage 2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very very/ quite Accidently/ once in a while occasionaly/ once far / by far Farther/ further better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus ?. 易考的近义词组 Run/ manage grow/ plant leave/remain fit/ suit/ match Hit/ beat/strike meet/ satisfy touch /feel play /performer Contain/ hold /seat/ fill lie/sit/locate help/work/ do Fall/ sink/ drop matter/ problem /trouble/ money/ account Cause/ reason that’s why/ that’s because because/ since,as/ for Last/ continue keep/ stay/ treat/ cure/ operate separate/ divide Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold turn/become/go change/vary/range Provide/supply/offer/ give/send

高考英语完形选项必认单词 gain vt. 获得, 增加 concentrate vi. 集中(思想、注意力等) connection n. 联系, 连接 accurately adv. 精确地,准确地 predict vt. 预言,预测 deserve vt. 应 得 , 值 得 disability n. 残 疾 ; 无 能 力 athletic adj. 喜 爱 运 动 的 desire n. 渴望,欲望 assistant n. 助手 bleed vi. 流血 astronomy n. 天文学 allergic adj. 过敏的 , glare v. 怒视,瞪 grateful adj. 感激的,感谢的 can’t help doing sth. 禁不住要做某事 devote vt. 献身于, 专心致志于 insurance n. 保险, charge vt. 收费,要价 take charge of 接管, 控制, consult vt. 请教,查阅, casual adj, 随意的,非正式的, make out 假装

nursery n. 托儿所,保育室, moral n. 道德, overcome vt. 克服,战胜 inspect v. 仔细检查 pay off 得到好结果,取得成功, commit vt. 投入 constantly adv. 不断地 beneath adv. 在底下, hesitate v. 犹豫,踌躇 multiply v. 乘;大量增加, dynamic adj. 精力充沛的, bother v. 打扰,烦扰 booming adj. 迅速增长的,迅速发展的 arithmetic n. 算术 distinguish vt. 区别,辨别;表现突出 in addition 此外, simplify vt. 简化 qualification n. 资格,资历, secure adj. 稳定的,无忧无虑的 lay off 裁员, conservative adj. 保守的,旧式的 alternative adj. 可选择的,另类的 worthwhile adj. 值得努力的, be accustomed to 习惯于 bureaucratic adj. 官僚的 beneficial adj. 有用的, 有益的 assume vt. 假定, 假设

高考英语易混淆词对比:the people, a people the people, a people the people 指人; a people 指民族,例:The Chinese is a peace-loving people. it, one it 同一物体; one 同类不同一,例:I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one. that, this that 指代上文所提到的;例:I was ill. That's why? this 导出下文所要说的。 none, nothing, no one none 强调有多少; nothing, no one 强调有没有;nothing 指物,no one 指人。 anyone, any one anyone 指人,不能接 of; any one 指人物均可,可接 of 例:any one of you who, what who 指姓名或关系; what 指职业或地位,例:What is your dad? He is a teacher. what, which what 的选择基础是无限制的; which 在一定范围内进行选择,例:Which do you prefer, bananas or apples? other, another other 后接名词复数,例:other students

another 后接名词单数,例:another student not a little, not a bit not a little 非常; not a bit 一点也不,例:I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累

many, much, a lot of many 和可数名词连用,例:I don’t have many books. much 和不可数名词连用; a lot of 可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句。 much more?than, many more?than much more?than 后接形容词或不可数名词,例:much more water, much more beautiful many more?than 后接可数名词,例:many more people no, not no=not a/any 例:no friend=not a/any friend; no water=not any water no more than, not more than no more than 相当于 only,仅仅,只有; not more than 至多,不超过。 majority, most majority 只能修饰可数名词,例:the majority of people most 可数不可数均可。

by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself by oneself 单独的,独自的; for oneself 为自己; to oneself 供自己用的; of oneself 自行的,自动的,例:The door opened of itself.

at all, after all at all 根本,全然; after all 到底,毕竟,例:After all he is a child. tall, high tall 常指人或动物,例:He is tall. high 常指物体。

fast, quickly fast 侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,例:run fast quickly 侧重指某事完成或发生的快,例:answer the question quickly high, highly high 具体的**ighly 抽象的高,高度的,例:think highly of healthy, healthful healthy 健康的,健壮的; healthful 有益于健康的,例:healthful exercise sleeping, asleep,sleepy sleeping 正在睡觉,例:a sleeping baby asleep 睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,例:The baby is asleep. sleepy 困的,有睡意的,例:I'***eepy. gold, golden gold 指真金制品,例:a gold ring golden 指金色的,但金鱼用 gold fish most, mostly most 用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于 very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词,例: most people mostly 大部分,是副词,例:the people are mostly? just, very just 表强调时是副词,作状语,例:just the man very 表强调时是形容词,用作定语,例:the very man wide, broad wide 侧重于一边到另一边的距离; broad 侧重于幅面的宽广,例:broad shoulders wide, broad wide 侧重于一边到另一边的距离; broad 侧重于幅面的宽广,例:broad shoulders respectful, respectable respectful 尊敬,有礼貌,例:be respectful to the aged respectable 可敬的,值得尊敬的。 outwards, outward 二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面; outward 还可用作形容词,例:an outward voyage

pleasant, pleased, pleasing pleasant 常用作定语; pleased, pleasing 常用作表语; pleased 主语常为人,pleasing 主语常为物,例:a pleasant trip; The trip is pleasing. understanding, understandable understanding 明白事理的,能体谅的,例:an understanding girl understandable 可理解的,能够懂的,例:an understandable mistake close, closely close 接近,靠近,例:stand close closely 紧紧地,紧密地,例:closely connected ill, sick ill 做表语; sick 定语、表语均可,例:a sick boy good, well good 形容词; well 副词,但指身体状况是形容词,例:He is well again. quiet, silent, still quiet 安静的,可以发出小的声音; silent 不发出声音,但可以动; still 完全不动,完全无声响,例:He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。 hard, hardly hard 努力,例:work hard hardly 几乎不,例:I can hardly believe it. able, capable able 与不定式 to do 连用; capable 与 of 连用,例:He is capable of doing? almost, nearly 二者均为“几乎,差不多” ,和否定词连用用 almost,例:almost nobody。 late, lately late 迟,晚; lately 最近,近来 例:I haven't seen him lately. excited, exciting excited 使人兴奋的,例:I'm excited. exciting 令人兴奋的,例:The news is exciting

deep, deeply deep 具体的深,例:dig deep deeply 抽象的深,深深地,例:deeply moved aloud, loud aloud 出声地,例:read aloud 出声地读 loud 大声地 worth, worthy 二者均为值得,worth 后接 doing; worthy 后接 to be done, of being done; 例:It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited. bad, badly bad 形容词,例:go bad badly 副词,不好,但与 need, want, require 连用为“很,非常” ,例:I need the book badly. before long, long before before long 不久以后; long before 很久以前; 例:not long before = before long quite, rather quite 完全地,相当于 completely,例:quite impossible rather 修饰比较级 happy, glad happy 高兴,幸福,定表均可,例:a happy girl glad 高兴,只能做表语 instead, instead of instead 是副词, 放在句首或句末, 例: He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. of 是介词短语,放在句中,例:He watched TV instead of seeing a film.

instead

too much, much too too much 后接不可数名词; much too 后接形容词,例:much too heavy be about to, be going to, be to do be about to 表最近的将来,后面不接时间状语; be going to 侧重打算,想法; be to do 侧重意志,计划,安排 例:I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思)

raise, rise raise 及物动词; rise 不及物动词,例:The sun rises in the east. bring, take, carry, fetch bring 拿来; take 带走; carry 随身携带; fetch 去回这一往返动作,例:fetch a box of chalk spend, take, pay, cost spend 人做主语,花钱,花时间,spend?on sth./in doing sth; take 物做主语,花时间; pay 人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost 物做主语,花钱。 join, join in, take part in join 加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员,例:He joined the army five years ago. join in 参加小型的活动,join sb. in; take part in 参加大型的活动。 learn, study learn 学习,侧重学习的结果; study 学习,侧重学习的过程,研究,例:study the problem go to sea, by sea go to sea 当海员,出航; by sea 乘船,由海路;by the sea 在海边。 the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher the doctor and teacher 指一个人,既是医生又是老师; the doctor and the teacher 两个人,一个医生和一个老师。 in office, in the office in office 在职的,例:He is in office, not out of office. in the office 在办公室里。 in bed, on the bed in bed 卧在床上,例:He is ill in bed. on the bed 在床上,例:The book is on the bed. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of 管理,负责照料,例:He is in charge of the matter. in the charge of 由??照料,例:The matter is in the charge of her.

in a word, in words in a word 总之,一句话,例:In a word, you are right. in words 口头上。 in place of, in the place of in place of 代替; in the place of 在?地方,例:A new building is built in the place of the old one. in secret, in the secret in secret 秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语; in the secret 知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语,例:My mother was in the secret from the beginning. a girl, one girl a girl 可泛指所有女孩; one girl 一个女孩,例:Can one girl carry such a big box? take a chair, take the chair take a chair 相当于 sit down 坐下; take the chair 开始开会。 for a moment, for the moment for a moment 片刻,一会儿,例:Thinking for a moment, he agreed. for the moment 暂时,一时。 next year, the next year next year 将来时间状语; the next year 过去将来时间状语,例:He said he would go abroad the next year. more than a year, more than one year more than a year 一年多; more than one year 超过一年(两年或三年等)。 take advice, take the(one's) advice take advice 征求意见; take the advice 接受忠告 例:He refused to take the advice and failed again. take air, take the air take air 传播,走漏; take the air 到户外去,散步 例:We take the air every day.

a number of, the number of a number of 许多,谓语动词用复数;

the number of? ??的数目,谓语动词用单数。例:The number of students is increasing. in front of, in the front of in front of 范围外的前面; in the front of 范围内的前面 例:In the front of the room sits a boy. of the day, of a day of the day 每一天的,当时的,当代的,例:a famous scientist of the day; of a day 暂时的,不长久的。 three of us, the three of us three of us 我们(不止三个)中的三个; the three of us 我们三个(就三个人)例:The three of us - Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema. by bus, on the bus by bus 表手段,方式,不用冠词,例:They went there by bus. on the bus 表范围。 chick, chicken 二者均可指小鸡,chicken 还可以当鸡肉;例:The chicken is delicious. telegram, telegraph 当电报解时,telegram 指具体的;例:a telegram telegraph 指抽象的;例:by telegraph trip, journey, travel, voyage travel 是最常用的; trip 指短期的旅途;例:a three-day trip journey 指稍长的旅途; voyage 指海上航行。 sport, game sport 多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;例:His favorite sport is swimming. game 指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则。 cook, cooker cook 厨师,例:He is a good cook. cooker 厨具。 damage, damages damage 不可数名词,损害,损失; damages 复数形式,赔偿金,例:$900 damages

police, policeman police **的总称,后接复数谓语动词,例:The police are questioning everyone in the house. policeman 指某个具体的**。 problem, question problem 常和困难连系,前面的动词常为 think about, solve, raise; question 常和疑问连系,多和 ask, answer 连用。 man, a man man 人类; a man 一个男人,例:Man will conquer nature. speech, talk, lecture speech 指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说; talk 日常生活中的一般的谈话,讲话; lecture 学术性的演讲,讲课,例:a series of lecture on? officer, official officer 部队的军官,例:an army officer official 政府官员。 work, job 二者均指工作。 work 不可数;job 可数,例:a good job couple, pair couple 主要指人或动物; pair 多指由两部分组成的东西,例:a pair of trousers country, nation, state, land country 侧重指版图,疆域; nation 指人民,国民,民族; state 侧重指政府,政体; land 国土,国家,例:The whole nation was sad at the news. course, subject course 课程(可包括多门科目),例:a summer course subject 科目(具体的学科) custom, habit custom 传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接 to do; habit 生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接 of doing. 例:I've got the habit of drinking a lot.

cause, reason cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接 of sth./doing sth; reason 用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接 for sth./doing sth. 例:the reason for being late exercise, exercises, practice exercise 运动,锻炼(不可数); exercises 练习(可数); practice(反复做的)练习,例:Practice makes perfect. class, lesson 作“课”解时,两者可以替换。 指课文用 lesson,例:Lesson 6,第 6 课; 指班级或全体学生用 class,例:Class 5,5 班。 photo, picture, drawing photo 用照相机拍摄的照片; picture 可指相片,图片,电影片, 例:Let's go and see a good picture. vocabulary, word vocabulary 词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,例:He has a large vocabulary. word 具体的单词。 population, people population 人口,人数,例:China has a large population. people 具体的人。 weather, climate weather 一天内具体的天气状况; climate 长期的气候状况,例:The climate here is not good for you. road, street, path, way road 具体的公路,马路,例:take this road street 街道,例:in the street path 小路,小径; way 道路,途径,例:Show me the way to the museum. clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数; cloth 指布,为不可数名词; clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of

drawing 画的画。

incident, accident incident 指小事件; accident 指不幸的事故,例:He was killed in the accident. amount, number amount 后接不可数名词; number 后接可数名词,例:a number of students family, house, home home 家,包括住处和家人; house 房子,住宅; family 家庭成员,例:My family is a happy one. sound, voice, noise sound 自然界各种各样的声音; voice 人的嗓音; noise 噪音,例:I hate the loud noise outside.


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