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part 2 The English Countryside:Text_图文

The English Countryside
英国乡村

Part I Communicative activities

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Introduction Listening Tourist picks

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Rural Landscape in the 19th Century

in the early20th Century

Introduction
Learn to use English to

? Talk about rural views of Britain ? Talk about one’s preference of living in

the city or in the countryside ? Make an itinerary for a tour

Rural landscape
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In Blake’s poem Jerusalem he describes the English countryside as a “green and pleasant land” with “mountains green”, “pleasant pastures” and “clouded hills”. It is a defiantly pre-Industrial picture and, in many ways, this is how we like to think of our countryside – a place of timeless beauty, unsullied by modern life. Shakespeare: precious stone set in a silver sea

The Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Rivers
UK Rivers Being a relatively small Island, the UK's rivers are not very long. The Severn, its longest river, is just 354 km in length, beginning in Wales and entering the Atlantic Ocean near Bristol in England. Other major rivers include the Thames, which flows through Oxford and London, and the Trent and Mersey rivers, which drain rainfall from large areas of central England. The Thames Among the most important rivers in the UK is the Thames, which flows into the North Sea. Its length is 346 km and it is the deepest river in Britain. It is navigable as far as the capital of Great Britain – London.

Lancashire

Lake District

Listening
No. 1 2 3 4 5

Advantages
Why

advantages convenience Cheap services Job opportunities Open-mindedness Exciting life-style

A lot of things for him to do, i.e, theatre or movie
Public services are cheap because of large population

Large population, more jobs available
Quick to accept new things and open-minded

Life is never dull; new pop songs

Disadvantages
1 Crowd The celebrity admitted in the talk that the crowd is a disadvantage of living in the city Pollution is serious but the public needs to act together for solutions. City people are open-minded and quick to accept new things, which implies that they are quick to lose traditional values that are important to our culture.

2 3

pollution Quick to forfeit (lose) traditiona l values

Yorkshire Dales(valleys ) is a world renowned Tourist picks Tourist attraction, and also one of the 14 national parks in UK, located in The north of England. ? Yorkshire dale

Words
Scar: an isolated, protruding rock Pot-holding and caving: forming holes and caves on the surface of the ground Pennines奔宁山脉 : low rising mountain range in northern England and southern Scotland. The very big nascent开始存在的 ['n?s?nt, 'nei-] wildness: the wildness is quite new (nascent) because of clear-felling of original forest Heather ['he?? ],石南属植物 : a kind of low growing plant Tributary ['tr?bj?tri]从属的;辅助的;支流的 valleys: streams that flow into larger rivers or valleys. All on a human scale: just suitable in proportion to human life.

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? ? ? ?

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Limestone: [‘laimst?un ]石灰岩 Alkaline ['?lk?lain]碱性的,碱的 Archaeology: [,ɑ:ki‘?l?d?i 】考古学 Cavern [‘k?v?n]大山洞; 凹处 Stark stɑ:k 完全地 Moraine [m?'rein, m?-]冰碛石 Clamp夹紧,固定住 Bedrock基岩;根底;基本原理 Derive [di‘raiv] from—originate from来源于

Incorrect answers
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1, 4, 5, 11, 14, 16, 17

4. In the stark contrast between the bare, brown, moraine summits their very big nascent wildness is the Results of thousands of years of clear felling of The original forest, sheep grazing, and lead mining.

Proverb
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Grass is always greener on the other side of the fence. 篱笆另一边的草更绿。 Familiarity breeds contempt. 远香近臭 Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. 情人眼里出西施 Absence makes the heart grow fonder. 距离产生美


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