必修 3 第二单元随堂练
Section 1 Vocabulary Building ●●一、根据句子意思和所给中文或首字母提示,写出单词的正确形式。 1. He lost his _________ (平衡), fell off the bike and broke his leg. 2. It’s Sunday today. There are many________ (顾客) in the supermarket. 3. Her sister used to be tall and _______ (苗条的), with long curly hair. 4. In order to pay off his __________ (债务) earlier, Mr. Wang worked day and night. 5. Eating vegetables and fruit will give you plenty of ____________ (纤维) in your diet. 6. As I’m too fat, my personal trainer has put me on a special d__________. 7. Bill was doing a lot of physical exercise to build up his s___________. 8. The new credit cards will be of great b________ to both sellers and buyers. 9. If you buy more than four clothing items, we can give you a d_________ of 20%. 10. We are doing our best although the resources we can get are very l_________. ●●二、 根据句子意思,从方框中选出合适的单词或短语,并用其正确形式填空(其中有两 个为多余项)。 curiosity, ought to, hostess, sigh, roast, weakness, breast, mutton, spy on, cut down, put on weight, tell a lie 1. Never think you will not be found out when you _________. 2. ___________ is a cooking method that uses dry heat like an open flame. 3. He was sent to ________ the enemy’s military bases (军事基地) during the war. 4. After hearing the bad news, Mrs. Black __________ with helplessness. 5. With _________, I opened the box. I wanted to find out what was in it. 6. The article on the environment is too long; it has to be _______ to 1,500 words. 7. She always eats as much as she wants and then regrets it when she _______. 8. Jack has his _______, but that doesn’t mean he is not fit for the job. 9. Chicken __________ gives us a lot of protein that we need to build muscles. 10. On board the plane, a pretty air _____ greeted the passengers with a sweet smile. ●●三、根据释义写出单词,并选词填空。 a. to look at sb. /sth. in an angry way _____ b. to cook sth. in hot fat or oil _____ c. to join two or more things or groups together to form a single one ______ d. to go to sb. for information or advice ______ e. to change the food in the stomach into a form that the body can use _____ f. not cooked or in the natural state ______ 1. I sometimes _______ one of my best friends and got some advice from him. 2. My mother always ______ potatoes in hot fat with a bit of onion in the morning. 3. Lucy __________ at Tom since he had broken her favorite vase. 4. They _________ ten small companies and formed a new big one. 5. Man seldom eats ____________ meat, which made him different from other animals. 6. The doctor advises me not to eat oily food because it doesn’t ______ easily.
Section 2 Grammar Learning ●●一、从句子后面的括号中选择适当的情态动词并用其正确形式填空。 1. You ______ be ill. You look very pale. (have to, must) 2. Don’t you think that such a bad habit ________ be gotten rid of. (have to, ought to) 3. She told Jim he _______ have spoken to his mother like that. (ought not to, mustn’t) 4. When she gets up every morning, she ________ have a cup of water. (can, will) 5. Tonight I will be back late, so you _______ wait for me. (can’t, needn’t) 6. If you _______ go, at least wait till the rain stops. (must, should) 7. They _______ go for an outing today, because it seems as if it will rain. (mustn’t, can’t) 8. I often see lights in that empty house. Do you think I _____ report it to the police? (should, may) (2004 全国卷 III) ●●二、从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. —I don’t care what people think. —Well, you _______. (2009 四川卷) A. could B. would C. should D. might 2. The traffic is heavy these days. I _____ arrive a bit late, so could you save me a place? (2009 辽宁卷) A. can B. must C. need D. Might 3. —Hi, Tom. Any idea where Jane is? —She ______ in the classroom. I saw her there just now. (2009 重庆卷) A. shall be B. should have been C. must be D. might have been 4. What do you mean, there are only ten tickets? There _______ be twelve. (2009 全国卷 I) A. should B. would C. will D. Shall 5. One of the few things you ______ say about English people with certainty is that they talk a lot about the weather. (2009 北京卷) A. need B. must C. should D. Can 6. —What sort of house do you want to have? Something big? —Well, it ________ be big —that’s not important. (2008 陕西卷) A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. can’t D. won’t ●●三、完成句子。 1. You _________ (应该让) Bill look at your radio, because he can repair it. (have) 2. You ___________ (不必来) the office tomorrow. You are fired! (come) 3. She _______________ (不需要写信给) her son because he phones her quite often. (write) 4. It’s getting late. I _____________ (不能再继续) talking with you any longer. (continue) 5. The rain’s coming into our house. We ______________ (不得不修一下) the roof. (repair) Section 3 Ability Enhancing ●●一、阅读课本 Page 10 的短文"COME AND EAT HERE (Ⅰ)", 将合适的单词填入下 列空白处。
Sitting in his empty restaurant, Wang Peng felt 1 because no 2 had come to his restaurant ever since he got up earlier in the morning. He didn’t know why. In order to find out the reason, he 3 Li Chang into a newly-opened restaurant. It was opened by a thin lady named Yong Hui. She was serving 4 food to make people thin. Driven by 5 , Wang Peng took the menu and had a look. He could not even 6 his eyes. He was amazed at what he saw. He decided to go to the library to do some 7 . After reading, he 8 that Yong Hui’s food could make people tired quickly because it was not 9 food. Arriving home Wang Peng rewrote his own sign. The 10 between the two restaurants would continue! ●●二、根据括号内所给的英文提示翻译下列句子。 1. 你认为我们应该什么时候出发？(ought to) ____________________________________________________________ 2. 你能告诉我们你是如何减肥的吗？(lose weight) ____________________________________________________________ 3. 他没有逃脱偷窃的罪名,被判入狱。(get away with) ____________________________________________________________ 4. 因为姐姐的病,他已经负债累累。(in debt) ____________________________________________________________ 5. 你为什么不跟我去图书馆呢？(Why don’t you ...?) ____________________________________________________________ 6. 我们决心明年夺回奖牌。(win ... back) ____________________________________________________________ 7. 不久以后,他动身去了美国,再也没有回来过。(before long) ____________________________________________________________ 8. 由于不会说英语,他发现在加拿大谋生很难。(earn one’s living) ____________________________________________________________
参考答案 Section 1 一、1. balance 2. customers 3. slim 4. debts 5. fiber 6. diet 7. strength 8. benefit 9. discount 10. limited 二、1. tell a lie 2. Roasting 3. spy on 4. sighed 5. curiosity 6. cut down 7. puts on weight 8. weakness(es) 9. breast 10. hostess 三、a. glare b. fry c. combine d. consult e. digest f. raw 1. consulted 2. fries 3. glared 4. combined 5. raw 6. digest Section 2 一、1. must 2. ought to 3. ought not to 4. will 5. needn’t 6. must 7. can’t 8. should 二、1-6 CDCADB 三、1. ought to / should have 2. don’t have to come to
3. doesn’t need to / needn’t write to 4. can’t continue 5. have to repair Section 3 一、1. frustrated 2. customers 3. followed 4. slimming 5. curiosity 6. believe 7. research 8. realized 9. energy-giving 10. competition 二、1. When do you think we ought to set off? 2. Could you tell us how you lost weight? 3. He didn’t get away with cheating and was put into prison 4. He has been heavily in debt because of his sister’s illness. 5. Why don’t you go to the library with me? 6. We are determined to win the medal back next year. 7. Before long, he left for America and never came back. 8. He found it hard to earn his living in Canada, because he couldn’t speak English.