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一般现在进行时将来【精选】_图文

英语时态

一般现在时
? 一、一般现在时的功能 ? 1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The
sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。 ? 2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get
up at six every day.我每天六点起床。 ? 3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes
around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

? 二、一般现在时的构成 ? 1.be动词:肯定句:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:
I am a boy. 我是一个男孩。 ? 2.行为动词:肯定句:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:
We study English.我们学习英语。 ? 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后
加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉 语。 ? 动词+s的变化规则 ? 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, ? 2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guessguesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes ? 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如: study-studies ? 特殊:have----has

? 三、一般现在时的变化 ? 1.be动词的变化。 ? 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。 ? 一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. /
No, I'm not. ? 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike? ? 2.行为动词的变化。 ? 否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:I don't like
bread. ? 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:He
doesn't often play. ? 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:- Do you often
play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. ? 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。 ? 如:- Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she
doesn't. ? 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句?如:How does your father go to
work?

? 一般现在时用法练习 ? 一、出下列动词的第三人称单数
? drink ____ go ____ stay ________
make _____look ___ have_______ pass______carry ____come_____ watch_____plant_____fly ______ study_____brush____ do______ teach_____like _____play ____
read ______wash ____be ____

? 二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。 ? 1.He often ________(have) dinner at home.
? 2.Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.
? 3.We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.
? 4.Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.
? 5.______ they ________(like) the World Cup?
6.What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?
? 7._____ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8.The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.
? 9.She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10.There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

? 11.Mike _______(like) cooking. ? 12.They _______(have) the same hobby. ? 13.My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. ? 14.You always _______(do) your homework well. ? 15.I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed. ? 16.She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. ? 17.Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. ? 18.The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening. ? 19.Su Hai and Su Yang _____(have) eight lessons this
term. ? 20. -What day _____(be) it today?- It’s Saturday.

? 三、按照要求改写句子 ? 1.Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定
句)___________________________________________________ ? 2.I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ? __________________________ ? 3.She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答) ? _________________________ ? 4.Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ? _________________________________________________ ? 5.We go to school every morning.(改为否定句) ? ________________________________________________ ? 6.He speaks English very well.(改为否定句) ? ___________________________________________________ ? 7.I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问) ? ________________________________________________ ? 8.John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问) ? ___________________________

? 9.She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回 答)
? _____________________________________________ ? 10.Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) ? _____________________________________________

? 四、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

? 1.Is your brother speak English? __________________

? 2.Does he likes going fishing?

__________________

? 3.He likes play games after class. __________________

? 4.Mr. Wu teachs us English.

__________________

? 5.She don’t do her homework on Sundays.

_________________

现在进行时
? 1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当 前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。
? 2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing. ? 3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。 ? 4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。 ? 5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:疑问词+ be + 主语
+ 动词ing?但疑问词当主语时其结构为:疑问词+ be + 动词 ing? ? 标志词:look now listen It’s +点钟

? 动词加ing的变化规则
? 1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking
? 2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting ,write—writing , ride—riding ,have—having come—coming dance—dancing live—living take— taking skate—skating
? 3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾 的辅音字母,再加ing,如:swim—swimming begin— beginning run-running, sit—sitting put—putting get— getting shop—shopping stop-- stopping

? 现在进行时练习 ? 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: ? play________ run__________
swim_______make__________go_________ ? skate________ write________ ski___________ ? read________ have_________ sing ________
dance_________put_________ see________ ? buy _________ love____________live_______ ? take_________ come ________ get________ ? stop_________ sit ________ begin________ ? shop___________

? 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空: ? 1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now. ? 2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom . ? 3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now. ? 4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now? 5. Look . They
_______________( have) an English lesson . ? 6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now. ? 7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom . ? 8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music. ? 9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now ? 10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

? 三、句型转换: ? 1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句) ? _______________________________________________________ ? 2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯
定和否定回答) ? _______________________________________________________ ? 3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问) ? _______________________________________________________ ? 4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问) ? _______________________________________________________

一般将来时
? 一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划 或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow (后天)等。
? 二、基本结构:①be going to + do;②will+ do. ? 三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)后加not或情态动词
will后加not成won’t。 ? 例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m
not going to have a picnic this afternoon. ? 四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改
为or,第一二人称互换。 ? 例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. →
Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

? 五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对 划线部分有三种情况。
? 1.问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.
? 2.问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon.
? →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
? 3.问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?
? 六、同义句:be going to = will ? I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I
will go swimming tomorrow.

? 练习:填空。 ? 1.我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 ? I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.
? I ________ have a picnic with my friends. ? 2.下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。 ? What ________ ________ _________ _______ ______ next
Monday?
? I ______ ______ _____ play basketball.
? What _________ you do next Monday?
? I ________ play basketball. ? 3.你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。 ? _____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this
___________?
? Yes, she _________.
? She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit. ? 4.你们打算什么时候见面。 ? What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

? 改句子。

? 5.Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

? Nancy ________ going to go camping.

? 6.I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

? I _______ go ______ join them.

? 7.I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.

? (改一般疑问句)_______ ______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

? 8.We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30

? (改一般疑问句)_______ ________ meet at th 10:30.

e bus stop at

? 9.She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

? ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

? 10.My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同 上)

? _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

? 11.Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.
? 12.My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week. ? 13.Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is
rain. He __________ (go) to school by bike. ? 14.What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________
(watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects? ? 15.It’s Friday today. What ___she ____ (do) this weekend? She
______(watch) TV and_______ (catch) insects. ? 16.What ___________ (do) you do last Sunday? I ____________
(pick) apples on a farm. ? What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk)
cows. ? 17.Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow. ? 18.Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday. ? 19.David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday. ? 20.I ________________ (plan) for my study now


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