英语：Unit5《Nelson Mandela-a modern hero》the 5th period 教 案（1）（新人教版必修 1） The Fifth Period
●从容说课 This is the fifth period of this unit.In this period，students are designed to discuss what kind of person Bill Gates is.The purposeis to give students achance to practice their oral English，at the sametime，they can have a thorough idea of qualities great people have in common.In this period，there is a reading passage to practice reading.This is the end of Elias’ story.In order to arousethe students’interests in reading and develop the ability of prediction， it is important to have a discussion about the possible final result before reading.What’s more， there are some new words and expressions in the passage，so it is necessary to deal with the new words and expressions of this part，so as to make it easy for students to understand thecontents. ●三维目标 1.Knowledge： Learn and master thenew words and expressions in this period. Words：blanket，degree，guard，educated，terror，fear，cruelty，reward，right，criminal，leader Phrases：cometo power Sentences： I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find to make candles to see thewords. As they werenot cleverer than me，but did pass their exams. 2.Ability： （1）Talk about thefine quality of great people to improve the students’speaking ability. （2）Do reading practiceto improve thestudents’reading abilities. （3）Learn to think about a person or a situation in different respects. 3.Emotion：
（1）Learn about somegreat people and qualities they have in common.
（2）Develop the students’moralquality. ●教学重点 （1）Have a discussion about the fine quality of great people to improve thestudents’speaking ability. （2）Enable the students to grasp themain idea of thepassage.
（3）Improve the students’reading ability.
●教学难点 （1）How to express their own opinions and ideas. （2）How to grasp the main idea of a text or apassage. ●教具准备 Themultimedia and the blackboard. ●教学过程 Step 1 Greetings Greet thewhole class as usual. Step 2 New words T： Todaywewill learn another passage “The rest of Elias’ story” .Before that， let’s first learn new words in this passage.Please have a look at the key words on the blackboard.Do you know the meanings of them？If not， you can check them on Page97. （Give them several minutes for them to get to know themeanings of thesewords.） T：Let’s read thesenew words together. Step 3 Lead-in T：Well.From the first passage，we know some information about Elias.In the last paragraph of the first passage， Elias told us that although he did not like violence， but in 1963 he helped Nelson Mandela blow up some government buildings because he thought it was to realize their dream of making black and white people equal.But as we all know，it broke the law.What would happen to him？You can have a discussion about this question with your partner. （Two minutes later.） S1：In my opinion，he was caught and put in prison for years. S2：I think he was very lucky to escapebeing punished.
S3：I believe that he was caught and besentenced to death.
T： Yes.Maybe different students have different opinions about Elias.Today we’ll finish reading the story.After
this period，you will know what actually happened to him.
Step 4 Listening T： Now please listen to the passage carefully and find the answer to this question： What happened to Elias？ （Show thequestion on thescreen and play thetape for the students to listen.） T：Who would like to answer thequestion？
S4：Elias was sent to Robben Island.
T：Can you tell mesomething about Robben Island？ S4：Yes.It was aprison from which no one escaped.Thesound of its namemade people afraid. Step 5 Reading T：Good.Please open your books and turn to Page 38.Read the passage carefully and then choose the best answer to completeeach sentence. （Show thefollowing sentences on thescreen.）
Choose thebest answer to complete each sentence.
1.Elias was unhappy in the prison because____________. A.he was kept with thecriminals B.the prison guards studied with him C.he had to study D.hecould not study for a degree 2.Nelson Mandela showed how good aleader he was because____________. A.he fought the guards in prison B.he refused to let the guards study in his school C.he let the guards study in his schoolbut not take the exams D.helet theguards study even though theprisoners could not take theexams 3.Life for Elias was not too bad in prison because____________. A.he had to study C.he wanted to study B.he could study with the guards D.hecould study and get a degree
4.As leader of South Africa，Nelson Mandela helped prisoners of Robben Island by________. A.giving them an education C.putting the guards in prison T：OK.Everyone，are you ready？ Ss：Yes. （Thestudents begin to read.Afew minutes later，teacher begins to check their understanding of the text.） T：Now please check your answers with your partner.At last，I’ll check theanswers. B.giving them money D.giving them a job
T：You all did a good job.Now，you’ve understood thepassage better.Now please read the passage after the tape.
Step 6 Retelling T：Well，I think up to now you have known a lot of information about Elias.Now suppose you are Elias’ friend，please introduce him.I’ll give you some minutes to prepare.Maybe you can begin with your introduction like that：Elias is my good friend.He.... （Someminutes later.） T：OK.Time is up.Who’d like to havea try？ S6： I’d like to.Elias is my good friend.He was a poor black worker in South Africa.He began school at six.But two years later， he had to leave because his family could not continue to pay theschool fees and the bus fare.So he could not read or write.After that hegot ajob in a gold mine.But because hewas not born in Johannesburg， he did not have the passbook.At that time，he first met Nelson Mandela.Nelson Mandela told him what to do and how to get thecorrect papers so hecould stay in Johannesburg.When Nelson Mandela organized the ANC Youth League，
he helped Nelson Mandela blow up some government buildings because he knew it was to realize their dream of
making black and white people equal.Unluckily， he was sent to Robben Island， which was a prison fromwhich no
one escaped.But when he got there Nelson Mandela was also there.Nelson Mandela began a school for prisoners
who had studied very little.Elias became a good student but could not study for a degree.When he finished the four years in prison，he had found a job but because the police told the important men in his business that he had been to prison for blowing up government buildings he lost his job.When Mr Mandela and the ANC came to power in 1993，he gave Elias a job taking tourists round his old prison on Robben Island.That’s all. T：Agood job.Now let’s deal with the language points in this part. （1）I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. the first time 起连词的作用，引导时间状语从句。 Thefirst time I met him，I thought him nice. （2）We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find to make candles to see thewords. wecould find 是定语从句，修饰 anything。 to make candles 及 to seethe words 是目的状语。 （3）As they werenot cleverer than me，but did pass their exams.
did pass 是强调结构，强调谓语动词时，在动词原形前加 do/does/did。
I do hopeyou have a nicetrip. He does speak English well. Step 7 Reading task T：Very good.Now you are going to look at a famous man，Bill Gates.Use the skills you have learned about
expressing points of view and decide whether you think he is a great man.If you have an opinion about that already，please finish this sentence. （Show this sentenceon the screen.） I think Bill Gates is/is not a great man because____________. Possible version： 1.I think Bill Gates is not a great man becausehe didn’t changethe world and make theworld fairer. 2.I think Bill Gates is a great man because he will change the world by helping the education and health of many children around the world. T：Just now，you just expressed your point of view.Now please read through the evidence and fill in the research noteon Page 74.Don’t add anything or leave anything out. T：Now，pleaseread the passagequickly and make notes according to thesheet. （Give thestudents someminutes to prepare.） T：Now time is up.Let’s check your answers together. Step 8 Reading aloud T：Now please read the passage after the tape.Pay more attention to the underlined sentences and their pause. Step 9 Discussion T：Now you have to decide what you think of Bill Gates.He is a successful and rich man but is he a great
man？Has he given up anything （not money） in his life to help other people and make things fairer in the
world？Now please discuss with your partner. （Give students threeminutes to discuss.） T：OK.Stop here，please.What’s your opinion，Mary？ S1： I think Bill Gates is successful and rich but heis not agreat man.Of course， he is very clever and has a lot of money.He has given millions of dollars to help the education and health of many children around the world.But he didn’t change theworld and make the world fairer.In a word，heis not a great man but agood man. T：Do you agree with her？ S2： No.In my opinion，it is not easy to give millions of money to help other people， but Bill Gates did so.He is very generous.By means of helping the education and health of many children around theworld， he will change the world becausechildren are thefutureowner of theworld.
T：You’re both very good.But perhaps different people have different opinions about Bill Gates.It is
natural.You can havea deep discussion after class. Step 10 Summary
T：In this class，we have read two passages.One is the rest of Elias’ story.The other is a passage about Bill
Gates.In the first part，we learned some new words and expressions.After that，we had a discussion about Bill Gates，which helps to understand what qualities agreat person should have. Step 11 Homework Look up someother information about Bill Gates and his career after class. ●板书设计 Unit 5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero The Fifth Period blanket degree educated
fear cruelty reward 1.I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. 2.Weread books under our blankets and used anything wecould find to make candles to seethe words. 3.As they werenot cleverer than me，but did pass their terror exams. ●活动与探究 Now you rate your partner’s listening skills：How often do they do thefollowing？On a scale from 1 to 5， give them a scoreas follows：1 = never，2 = rarely，3 = sometimes，4 = often，5 = very often.
behavior My partneravoidsstayingon a subject until it is solved. My partnermake assumptionsabout my feelings or thoughts. My partnercommentswith，“Yes，but...” to my suggestions or opinions. My partnerbrings up past issuesduring current disagreements. My partnerinterruptsmy conversation. My partnerusesarcasm or jokes torespondwhen I talk. My partnerrespondstomy complaintswitha complaint.
My partnerinsultsandcriticizes me. My partnerrespondstomewith phraseslike，“That’s ridiculous.” My partnerseesonly his point of view. TOTAL （Addup the scores for yourpartner.）
●备课资料 Bill Gates William （Bill） H.Gates is chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation，the worldwide leader in software，services and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential.Microsoft had revenues of US$36.84 billion for the fiscal year ending June 2004，and employs more than 55 000 people in 85 countries and regions. Born on Oct.28，1955，Gates grew up in Seattle with his two sisters.Their father，William H.Gates Ⅱ，is a
Seattle attorney.Their late mother，Mary Gates，was a schoolteacher，University of Washington regent，and
chairwoman of United Way International. Gates attended public elementary school and the private Lakeside School.There，he discovered his interest in softwareand began programming computers at age 13. In 1973， Gates entered Harvard University as a freshman， where helived down the hall from Steve Ballmer， now Microsoft’s chief executive officer.While at Harvard，Gates developed a version of the programming language BASIC for thefirst microcomputer—theMITSAltair. In his junior year，Gates left Harvard to devote his energies to Microsoft，acompany he had begun in 1975 with his childhood friend Paul Allen.Guided by a belief that the computer would be a valuable tool on every office desktop and in every home， they began developing software for personal computers.Gates’foresight and his vision for personal computing have been central to the success of Microsoft and thesoftwareindustry.
Top row：Steve Wood （left），Bob Wallace，Jim Lane.Middle row：Bob O’Rear，Bob Greenberg，Marc McDonald， Gordon Letwin.Bottom row： Bill Gates， Andrea Lewis， Marla Wood， Paul Allen.December 7， 1978. Under Gates’ leadership，Microsoft’s mission has been to continually advance and improve software
technology，and to make it easier，more cost-effective and more enjoyable for people to use computers.The
company is committed to a long-term view，reflected in its investment of approximately $6.2 billion on research and development in the 2005 fiscal year. Gates has donated the proceeds of both books to non-profit organizations that support the use of technology in education and skills development. In addition to his love of computers and software，Gates founded Corbis，which is developing one of the world’s largest resources of visual information—a comprehensive digital archive of art and photography from public and private collections around the globe.He is also a member of the board of directors of Berkshire Hathaway Inc.，which invests in companies engaged in diverse business activities. Philanthropy is also important to Gates.He and his wife， Melinda， have endowed a foundation with more than $27 billion （as of March 2004）to support philanthropic initiatives in the areas of global health and learning， with the hope that in the 21stcentury，advances in thesecritical areas will be available for all people.The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has committed more than $3.2 billion to organizations working in global health；more than $2 billion to improve learning opportunities，including the Gates Library Initiative to bring computers， Internet Access and training to public libraries in low-income communities in the United States and Canada；more than $477 million to community projects in the Pacific Northwest；and morethan $488 million to special projects and annual giving campaigns. Gates was married on Jan.1，1994，to Melinda French Gates.They have three children.Gates is an avid reader，and enjoys playing golf and bridge.
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