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2013年高考英语一轮复习课时作业18:Unit 3 A taste of English humour(新人教版必修4江西专用)


课时作业(十八) [必修 4 Unit 3 A taste of English humour]

[限时:30 分钟]

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.In face of ________ failure, it is the most important to keep up ________ good state of mind. A.a; / B./; a C.the; / D./; the 2.Mr. Smith is one of our restaurant's ________ customers. A.ordinary B.regular C.normal D.common 3.The bad news that they had received from doctors meant the ________ of all their hopes. A.ruin B.result C.loss D.failure 4.The great millionaire gave away all his fortune to the charity and lived a simple life, ________. A.happy and content B.happily and content C.happily and peaceful D.happy and peace 5.I've got two invitation tickets for the ________ of the American movie The Big Country. A.performance B.preview C.certificate D.publication 6. Unfortunately,a fire broke out suddenly in his house and burnt all his ________,leaving him nothing but a car. A.furniture B.fortune C.possessions D.treasure 7.We shouldn't complain about being poor—many families are much ________ than we are. A.worse off B.badly off C.well off D.better off 8.She ________ Japanese when she was in Japan. Now she can speak it freely. A.picked out B.made out C.made up D.picked up 9.Because of the rare snowstorm, the power supply of the city ________. The local government was trying its best to restore it. A.cut off B.broke off C.turned off D.put off 10.He didn't make ________ clear when and where the meeting would be held. A.this B.that C.it D.these 11.________ is the power of TV that it can make a person suddenly famous. A.Such B.This C.That D.So 12.Mary made coffee ________ her guests were finishing their meal. A.so that B.although C.while D.as if 13.American Indians ________ about five percent of the U.S. population.

A.fill up B.bring up C.make up D.set up 14.This magazine is very ________ with young people who like its content and style. A.familiar B.popular C.similar D.particular 15.Although the country has had political independence for over a century, ________ it needs the support of its neighbors. A.naturally B.economically C.especially D.luckily Ⅱ.阅读理解 A Someday a stranger will read your e-mail without your permission or scan the websites you've visited.Or perhaps someone will casually glance through your credit card purchases or cell phone bills to find out your shopping preferences or calling habits. In fact,it's likely that some of these things have already happened to you.Who would watch you without your permission? It might be a girlfriend,a marketing company, a boss,a policeman or a criminal.Whoever it is,they will see you in a way you never intended to be seen—the 21st century equal to being caught naked(裸露的). Psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, though it's important to reveal(透露)yourself to friends,family and lovers in stages,at appropriate times.Actually few boundaries remain.The digital breadcrumbs(面包屑)you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are,where you are and what you like.In some cases,a simple Google search can reveal what you think.Like it or not , increasingly we_live_in_a_world_where_you_simply_cannot_keep_a_secret. The key question is:Does that matter? For many Americans, the answer apparently is“no”.When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losing it. A survey found a majority of people are pessimistic about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is“slipping away, and that bothers me”. But people say one thing and do another.Only a small part of Americans change any behavior in an effort to preserve their privacy.Few people turn down a discount at tollbooths(收费亭)to avoid using the EZ-Pass system that contracts(跟踪) automobile movements.And few turn down supermarket loyalty cards.Privacy economist Alessandro Acquits has run a series of tests that reveal people will submit personal information like Social Security numbers just to get their hands on a pitiful 50-cent-off coupon(优惠券). But privacy does matter—at least sometimes.It's like health: when you have it,you don't notice it.Only when it's gone do you wish you'd done more to protect it. 16.From Paragraph 2,we can infer________. A.criminals are easily caught on the spot with advanced technology B.people tend to be more frank with each other in the information age C.in the 21st century people try every means to look into others' secrets D.people's personal information is easily accessed without their knowledge 17.What would psychologists advise on the relationships between friends? A.There should be a distance even between friends. B.There should be fewer quarrels between friends.

C.Friends should always be faithful to each other. D.Friends should open their hearts to each other. 18. Why does the author say“we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret”? A.There are always people who are curious about other's affairs. B.Many search engines profit by revealing people's identities. C.People leave traces around when using modern technology. D.Modern society has finally developed into an open society. 19.What do most Americans do with regard to privacy protection? A.They change behavior that might disclose their identity. B.They talk a lot but hardly do anything about it. C.They rely more and more on electronic equipment. D.They use various loyalty cards for business deals. 20.According to the passage,privacy is like health in that ________. A.its importance is rarely understood B.it is something that can easily be lost C.people will make every effort to keep it D.people don't treasure it until they lose it B Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human condition is our tendency to give and receive support from one another under stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to cope with major life changes and daily hassles(困难). People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, reveal that the presence of social support helps people fend off(抵挡,避开) illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely. Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives, and co- workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others despite our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Engaging in leisure-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转 移??注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support—financial aid, material resources, and needed services—that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems. 21.Interpersonal relationships are important because ________. A.they are indispensable(不可缺少的) to people's social well-being B.they awaken people's desire to exchange resources C.they help people to cope with life in the information age D.they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc. 22.Research shows that people's physical and mental health________. A.relies on the social welfare system which supports them B.has much to do with the amount of support they get from others

C.depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles D.is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives 23.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “cushions”(Line 1, Para.2) ? A.Adds up to. B.Does away with. C.Lessens the effect of. D.Lays the foundation of. 24.Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of________. A.informational support B.instrumental support C.social companionship D.the strengthening of self-respect 25.Social companionship is beneficial in that ________. A.it helps strengthen our ties with relatives B.it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes C.it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable D.it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles

课时作业(十八) Ⅰ.1.B 考查冠词用法。 句意: 面对失败, 最重要的是要保持好的心态。 failure 意为“失 败”时,为不可数名词,前不加冠词;keep up a good state of mind 意为“保持一个良好的心 态”。 2.B 考查形容词辨析。句意:史密斯先生是我们饭馆的一个常客。regular 意为“定 期的”,符合语境。ordinary 意为“普通的”;normal 意为“正常的”;common 意为“普 遍的”。 3.A 考查名词辨析。句意:他们从医生那里得到的坏消息意味着他们所有希望的毁 灭。 ruin 意为“毁灭”, 符合语境。 result 意为“结果”; 意为“损失”; loss failure 意为“失 败”。 4.A 考查形容词作伴随状语。句意:这位伟大的百万富翁把他所有的财产捐赠给了 慈善机构,并且过着简单的生活,幸福而满足。这里用形容词作状语。形容词作状语与副词 作状语不同,副词修饰动词,说明发出谓语动作时的伴随状态,形容词作状语相当于主语补 足语,与主语能同时构成系表结构。 5. 考查名词辨析。 B 句意: 我有两张美国电影 The Big Country 预演的邀请票。 preview 意为“预演”,符合语境。performance 意为“表演”;certificate 意为“鉴定,证书”; publication 意为“发表”。 6.C 考查名词辨析。句意:不幸的是,火灾突然在他的屋里爆发,并且烧了他的所 有个人财产,除了一辆车什么也没留下。possession 意为“个人财产”,通常用复数形式; furniture 意为“家具”;fortune 意为“财产”时,一般指庞大的财富;treasure 意为“金银 财宝”。 7.A 考查形容词短语辨析。句意:我们不应该抱怨贫穷,许多家庭比我们境况更差。 be worse off 意为“境况更差,更穷”,符合语境。 8.D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:当她在日本时她无意间学会了日语,现在她能自由 交谈了。pick up 此处意为“无意间学会”,符合语境。pick out 意为“挑选”;make out 意 为“理解;辨认出”;make up 意为“弥补;编造”。 9.B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:由于罕见的暴风雪,这个城市的电力供应停止了, 当地政府正在尽力恢复。break off 意为“停止”,符合语境。cut off 意为“剪下;阻碍;隔 断;停止,中断”,应用被动语态;turn off 意为“关掉”;put off 意为“延期;推迟”。 10.C 考查 it 的用法。句意:他没有弄清楚什么时候以及在哪里将召开会议。it 在此 代替从句作形式宾语。 11.A 考查状语从句。句意:这就是电视的力量,它能使人突然成名。such“这样的 人或事物”,指后面要提到的人或事物。注意 such, so, this 和 that 表示指代的句型及用法区 别。such?that?句型中 such 预指后文提到的人或事物;so?that?引导结果状语从句。 12. 考查状语从句。 that 意为“因此”; C so although 意为“尽管”; while 意为“当?? 的时候”;as if 意为“好像”。 13.C 考查动词短语辨析。句意:美国的印第安人大约占美国总人口的百分之五。fill up 意为“装满,填满”;bring up 意为“带大,抚养大”;make up 意为“组成;编造,虚 构;化妆”;set up 意为“建立,建造”。 14.B 考查形容词辨析。句意:这本杂志受到年轻人的欢迎,他们喜欢它的内容和风 格。familiar 意为“熟悉,通晓”,表示“为??所熟悉”应用介词 to;popular 意为“受欢

迎的”;similar 意为“相似的”;particular 意为“特别的”。 15.B 考查副词辨析。句意:尽管这个国家一个多世纪以来有了政治独立,但是从经 济上来说它需要邻国的支持。 economically 意为“经济上地”, 符合语境。 naturally 意为“自 然地”;especially 意为“尤其”;luckily 意为“幸运地”。 Ⅱ.A 主要论述在当今信息时代,个人信息因受他人窃取,而影响到私人空间。 16.D 推理判断题。第二段提到,有谁会不经过你的许可就会注视着你呢?可能是女 朋友、营销公司、老板、警察或者是罪犯。无论他是谁,他们都会以你从来没有意想到的方 式看着你。而注视你的人自然能获取你的个人信息,故可推断,人们的个人信息很容易在他 们不知晓的情况下被他人获取。故选 D。 17.A 细节理解题。第三段 Psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, though it's important to reveal(透露)yourself to friends,family and lovers in stages,at appropriate times.提 到,尽管在适当的时候向朋友、家人或爱人坦诚自己是重要的,但分界线是重要的,即:人 与人之间还应该有适当的距离。由此判断选 A。其他选项不符合文意。 18.C 推理判断题。根据第三段可知,作者认为,与朋友之间应该有适当的距离,但 实际上这种距离很少存在。因为你留下的电子面包屑(即电子痕迹)使陌生人很容易窃取你的 个人资料。所以作者说,不管你喜欢或不喜欢,我们愈加生活在一个不能保密的世界里,故 选 C。其他选项不符合文意。 19.B 细节理解题。根据 When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losing it. A survey found a majority of people are pessimistic about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is “slipping away, and that bothers me”.可知,大多数美国人希望保留私人空间,但根据 But people say one thing and do another.Only a small part of Americans change any behavior in an effort to preserve their privacy. 可知,他们对保护私人空间做得少。故选 B。 20.D 细节理解题。根据最后一段 But privacy does matter—at least sometimes.It's like health: when you have it,you don't notice it.Only when it's gone do you wish you'd done more to protect it.可知,私人空间如同健康一样,拥有的时候不注意,失去的时候才觉得珍惜。由此 判断选 D。 B 我们是生活在社会中的人, 我们需要依赖于社交来衡量生活的质量。 社交可以帮助我们 从身体上和精神上摆脱疾病和痛苦、麻烦,可以帮助我们减轻压力。 21.A 细节理解题。由文章第一段第一句内容可知,因为我们生活在社会中,我们生 活的质量主要是依赖于人际关系来衡量的,故选 A。 22.B 细节理解题。由第一段可知,研究的一系列疾病,从抑郁症到心脏病,显示了 社交可以帮助人们抵抗疾病,而缺少社交则有可能使身体更差;第二段第一句也指出,社交 可以减缓压力,故选 B。 23.C 词义猜测题。由第二段内容可知,第二段从四方面列举了社交可减缓压力,尤 其最后一句提到“reduce stress”减缓压力,可知单词 cushion 的含义,故选 C。 24.B 细节判断题。由文章结尾可知,人们可以给你提供帮助,如金融帮助、物质原 料以及需要的服务等。帮助一位生病的邻居做修理工作,是服务性帮助,故选 B。 25.D 细节理解题。根据文章内容可知,和他人一起参加放松的活动可以帮助满足我 们的社会性需要,同时把我们的精力从担忧和麻烦中转移出来,故选 D。


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