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江苏省新沂市第二中学高中英语必修五《Unit 3 Grammar and usage(2)》教案


新沂市第二中学高二英语集体备课
主备人:何莉 课题 用案人: 授课时间:____________ 课型 总第 8 课时 New

Unit 3 Grammar and usage(2)

Enlarge students’ to learn something about V-ed form 教学 目标 Let them know the functions of V-ed form Let them know the functions of V-ed form

重点

Enlarge students’ to learn something about V-ed form

难点

教法及教具

Talking , Practicing 教 学 内 容
学生主 体 活动

个案调 整

教师主导活动

NOTE:



过去分词的逻辑主语必须和句子的主语保持一致. The differences between verb-ed forms and the verb-ing forms: (1)作状语:分词的逻辑主语和句子的主语保持一致的情况下,如果分



词和句子的主语之间在逻辑上是被动关系,用过去分词,否则用现在 分词。分词短语也可以有自己的逻辑主语,这种结构称为独立主格结



构。分词作状语可以相当于一个状语从句。现在分词的被动式,习惯 上不作伴随状语。注意比较下面的句子: 1)Seen from the space, the earth looks blue.



= When it is seen from space, the earth looks blue. 2)Kept in refrigerator, these vegetables will remain fresh. = If they are kept in refrigerator, these vegetables will remain fresh. 3)Walking in the street, I came across an old friend. = When I was walking in the street, I came across an old friend. After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, being

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exhausted. (误) After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, exhausted.(正) Her grandfather being ill, she had to stay at home looking after him (2) 作表语:一般来说,表示心理状态的动词 如 excite, interest 等都是及物动词,汉语意 思不是“激动”,“高兴”,而是“使激动”、 “使高兴”,因而现在分词应该是“令人激动的”、 “令人高兴的”,过去分词则是“感到激动的”和 “感到高兴的”。所以,凡表示“令人……的” 都是-ing 形式,凡是表示“感到……”都用 -ed 形式。换句话说,-ed 形式常和人有关, -ing 形式常和物有关。look, expression 等词 作主语时常用-ed 形式作表语,但有时要看具 体情况。请在下面的几组句中体会他们的区别。 e.g.: The news was very exciting. I was excited at it. The book is interesting. He is interested in it. The question is puzzling. His look is puzzled His expression was frightening. I was frightened. 注意: Delighting 令人高兴的 Pleasing 令人愉快的 disappointing encouraging 令人失望的 令人鼓舞的 satisfying 令人满意的 encouraged 感到鼓舞的

Delighted disappointed 感到高兴的 感到失望的

Pleased 感到愉快的 Surprising 令人惊异的 boring

satisfied 感到满意的 worrying 令人担心的 surprised tiring 令人疲倦的 worried
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令人厌烦的 Tired 感到疲倦

感到惊异的 bored 感到厌烦的

感到担心的

(3) 作定语:过去分词做定语与其修饰词之间是动宾关系或过去分词表 示的动作已完成; 现在分词作定语表示动作正在发生, 与修饰词是主谓 关系。 ? The picture hanging on the wall is painted by my nephew. ? The building being built is a hospital. ? The flowers smelling sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. ? Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, known as 3M. ? The key to solving the problem is to meet the demand made by the customers. ? Prices of daily goods bought through a computer can be lower than store prices. 注意: ? I am interested in the interesting book ? He was excited at the exciting news ? The parents were disappointed about their ? disappointing son. ? Mr. Smith, tired of the boring speech, started to read a novel. (4)作补语:跟分词作宾补的动词有: catch, have get, keep, hear, find,feel, leave, make, want, start, notice, observe, watch, set 等。

在复合宾语中,用现在分词作宾补,说明宾语是动作的发出者,形成逻 辑上的主谓关系;用过去分词作宾补, 表示宾语是动作的承受者,构成逻辑上的动宾关系。 ? There was so much noise that the speaker couldn’t make himself
? ? heard. When he awoke, he found himself being looked after by an old woman. Laws that punish parents for their little children’s actions against the laws get parents worried.

NOTE: 非谓语动词使用条件: 一个句子当中,已经存在一个主句(谓语动词), 又没有连词的情况下, 还有别的动词出现时。 并非分词的逻辑主语都要和句子的主语一致。此时的分词短语又可称 为垂悬状语。有些动词不定式也可以这样运用。常见的这种情况有: e.g.: Strictly speaking, smoking is not allowed here. Judging from what he said, he is a southerner. Taken as a whole, there is nothing important in his speech. To tell you the truth, I don’t like English teacher. To speak frankly, I don’t agree with you about the case. 动词-ed 的逻辑主语 句子成分 逻辑主语 表语 句子的主语 定语 所修饰的词 状语 句子的主语 宾补 句子的宾语

链接高考

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1.“Things _________ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. (2007 湖南) A. lost B. losing C. to lose D. have lost 2. The flowers his friend gave him will die unless ________ every day. (2007 四川) A. watered B. watering C. water D. to water 3. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work , he gladly accepted it. (2007 安徽) A. finished B. finishing C. having finished D. was finished 4. He is very popular among his students as he always tries to make them ______ in his lectures. (2007 江苏) A. interested B. interesting C. interest D. to interest 5. Please remain _______ until the plane has come to a complete stop. (2007 山东) A. to seal B. to be seated C. seating D. seated 6. The research is so designed that once _____ nothing can be done to change it. (02 全国) A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun 8. ______ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. (05 湖南卷) A. Dressed B. To dress C. Dressing D. Having dressed 9._____ time, he’ll make a fist-class tennis player. (03 北京) A. Having given B. To give C. Giving D. Given

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