三 Module4 Carnival
I. 教学内容分析 本模块的主题是狂欢节。 以西方的几种主要传统节日作为导入， 接着通过各种活动详细 介绍了狂欢节的历史、发展、种类及人们的活动、饮食、服饰和习俗。其中有关食物和节日 的词汇， 和表达喜好和厌恶的句型又可以引申到中国传统节日和习俗， 有益于培养学生的跨 文化意识。 本模块从五幅西方节日图片的探讨开始，导入本模块的话题——Carnival。 Introduction 部分设计以西方的五种主要传统节日 （Carnival, Holi, Halloween, Christmas, Thanksgiving Day）作为导入，让学生通过图片做配对练习了解西方的节日习俗，激发学生 对西方节日的好奇心，达到导入整个模块的效果。 Reading and Vocabulary 介绍有关狂欢节的一些知识，主要介绍了狂欢节的面具。课文 前后的四个相关练习帮助同学们学习和了解了相关词汇和文章主旨。 Grammar 部分主要是通过练习复习被动语态在各种时态中的运用的语法项目。 Vocabulary and Listening 分为词汇部分和听力两大部分。词汇部分学习和巩固一些关 于食物的单词；听力部分是关于西方节日的，对于同学们来说，听力材料偏生疏，因此听力 要做一定的处理。 Learning to learn 是关于通过听听力提高语音面貌的英语学习方法， 对于提高学习策略 水平有很大的帮助。 Everyday English 通过学习复习 Vocabulary and Listening 中的句子学会一些非常有用的 日常生活用语：give up, go wild about, more or less, high spot, funnily enough, in your blood, wash down 和 walk off a meal。 Function 介绍表达“喜欢、不喜欢和偏爱”的功能用语。 Reading and Writing 集说话和写作于一体，培养的是学生语言综合运用的能力。首先 是阅读一篇讲述亲历 Notting Hill carnival 的 E－mail。其次探究描写气氛、音乐和食物的形 容词。最后仿写一篇 E－mail 介绍中国某个节日的气氛、音乐和食物。 Cultural Corner 通过阅读 The Meaning of Carnival 的文章，了解狂欢节的意义和发展 演变，并且要求同学们思考哪一个中国节日最像狂欢节，进行跨文化的思考。 Task 要求学生小组合作写一篇文章介绍一个中国节日。 Module File 归纳了本单元的重点词汇，语法知识，功能用语和日常用语，有利于学生 的复习总结，自我检验和自学的能力。 II. 教学重点和难点 1. 教学重点 (1) Enable Ss to know the new words and phrases in this module. (2) Enable Ss to understand how to talk about or give a description of festivals over the world. (3) Enable Ss to know how to show likes, dislikes and preferences. 2. 教学难点 (1) 复习被动语态在各种时态中的运用 (2) 用本模块所学的知识写一篇文章介绍一个中国节日 (3) 比较中外节日的差异，从中分析和了解东西方文化的特点，增强跨文化交际的意识 III. 教学计划 经过对教材内容的分析和重组，本模块可以分六课时教授： 第一课时 Task, Introduction
第二课时 Reading (Workbook P87), Reading and Vocabulary (1) 第三课时 Reading and Vocabulary (2), Cultural Corner 第四课时 Learning to learn, Vocabulary and Listening, Everyday English 第五课时 Grammar, Function, Reading and Writing 第六课时 Workbook, Module File IV．教学步骤：
Period 1 Task, Introduction
Teaching Goals: 1. To arouse Ss’ interest in learning about this module. 2. To develop Ss’ speaking ability. 3. Enable Ss to get some information about five western festivals: Carnival, Holi, Halloween, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day. 4. Enable Ss to describe a Chinese festival. Teaching Procedures: Step 1: Lead-in Purpose: To arouse Ss’ interest in learning about this module. Show the word “festivals” on the screen and then encourage the students to talk about as much information on festivals in China as possible.
Chinese Traditional Festival
Being a great old country with a long history, China has varied festivals. Whether in solar or in lunar, Chinese seems to have festivals frequently. By far, the most important holiday in China is the Spring festival, which is as important as Christmas to the West. For children, Spring festival means delicious foods, lucky money and new clothes; for adults, it means relaxation; for a family, it means reunion; and for the country, it means good rest and peace. The whole society is rapturous. People in new clothes get together, setting off fire cracks which are used to drive away the evil luck. Songs come from television, smiles appeared on everyone’s face, all things make up a happy atmosphere. The Mid-autumn festival is another important member of Chinese traditional festivals. It’s on lunar August 15th,in which evening the moon is fullest and brightest, and in which day relatives and friends send each other moon cakes, wish each other good luck and then have a big dinner together, enjoying the full moon and chatting with each other. The Mid-autumn festival, as well as Spring festival, symbolizes reunion. China has many other festivals, such as The lantern festival which comes 15 days later than Spring festival ,and which is always the official end of the Spring festival in many parts of the country, the dragon boat festival, the double ninth festival and many festivals in solar, such as New year’s day, Tomb-sweeping day. Playing an important part in Chinese culture, traditional festival can also help the works of economy and politics. Firstly, festivals make people’s culture life rich and varied, especially enlarge people’s see sight. Secondly, traditional festival curdles the race. According to celebration,
native and abroad people know more about Chinese culture. Thirdly, the thriving of Chinese culture must promote the development of economy. In one word, Chinese traditional festival is the sign of China’s thriving. With Chinese traditional spirits spread well and widely, China is becoming stronger and stronger day by day. (Written by Chen Qi and Qiu Jie in Nanxiong Middle School; Directed by Amy Dong) Step 2: Speaking Purpose: To develop Ss’ speaking ability and get a general idea about Chinese festivals. Ask the Ss to make a list of the Chinese festivals according to solar calendar and lunar calendar and talk something about them. Chinese name English name Date
Suggested answers: According to solar calendar Chinese name 元旦 妇女节 国际劳动节 中国青年节 国际儿童节 党的生日 建军节 教师节 国庆节 Women’s Day International Labor Day (May. Day) Chinese Youth Day Children’s Day the Party’s Birthday Army Day Teacher ’s Day National Day According to lunlar calendar Chinese name 春节 English name the Spring Festival (New Year’s Day of the Chinese lunlar calendar) the Qingming Festival (the Tomb-sweeping Day) the Dragon-Boat Festival the Mid-Autumn Festival (the Moon Festival) the Party’s Birthday Army Day Date 农历正月初一 农历正月十五 四月五日前后 农历五月初五 农历八月十五 农历九月初九 农历七月初七
English name New Year’s Day
Date Jan.1 Mar.8 May.1 May.4 June.1 July.1 Aug.1 Sept.1 Oct.1
元宵节（灯节） the Lantern Festival 清明节 端午节 中秋节 重阳节 情人节
Step 3: Introduction Purpose: Enable Ss to get some information about five western festivals: Carnival, Holi, Halloween, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day. Ask Ss to talk something about Western festivals and finish Introduction in our textbook on P31. Suggested answers of Activity 1: 1. Christmas 2. Holi 3. Carnival 4. Thanksgiving Day 5. Halloween The answers of Activity 3&4 are open. They depend on the students. Step 4: Pair work Purpose: To teach Ss how to describe a festival.
Christmas--- This is a Christian festival which come in the middle of winter.
Christmas old man
Ask the Ss to describe Christmas, and pay attention to the following points. Since about 400 AD, Christians have celebrated the birth of Jesus. 圣诞节(Christmas)是基督教的一个重要的节日，定于每年１２月２５日，纪念耶稣 基督的诞生，同时也是普遍庆祝的世俗节日。 customers costumes Step 5: Free talk Purpose: Enable the students to describe a Chinese festival. Ask the Ss to follow the listening material and talk something about a Chinese festival with their partner or give us an introduction/description of a Chinese festival. Step6: Homework
Write a description about a Chinese festival. Sample: The introduction of the Spring Festival As we all know, the Spring Festival is the most important traditional festival in China. But there is few people know the story of the Spring Festival. Now, let's tell you a legend about it. According to a Chinese legend, a monster called Nian would torment people once a year during the winter. The people gathered to discuss how to deal with Nian. Some people suggested that the monster was afraid of the color red, and of flames and loud noise .So they put red couplets on their gates ,set off firecrackers and beat gongs ,and drums to drive Nian away. Their idea worked and Nian fled. Thus, the customs of celebrating the Spring Festival were born and pass down. The Spring Festival ,also known as the Lunar New Year, which takes place in late January or early February. The historical reason for beginning the year during cold weather is that it is a time between the "autumn harvest" and "winter storage" and "spring plowing" and "summer weeding". In other words this is the time for rest and relaxation after a year's toil and for celebration as well. Maybe you would ask people how to contribute the Spring Festival in China? I think I can introduce it to you. On the New Year Eve, people will clean their house and decorate it carefully. Then they put red couplets on their gates to drive the bad luck away. In the evening all the members of family get together to have a wonderful dinner. Dumpling is the most important food among this meal. The first day of the Spring Festival is coming. People wear their new clothes, go out their home to greet to each other. Wherever you go you can hear "Gong xi fa cai" and some wishes here and there..It's an interesting that children get some red pockets (Hong Bao) from adults. In recent years ,the Spring Festival has became a public holiday. People usually have several free days for attending family dinners, traveling, going to the movies or concert or just watching television. (Written by Ye Huofeng and Zhuang Mei in Nanxiong Middle School; Directed by Amy Dong)
Period 2 Reading (Workbook P87) , Reading and Vocabulary (1)
Teaching Goals: 1. To get some information about Christmas traditions. 2. To develop some basic reading skills—Skimming, and Scanning. 3. To deal with the new words and phrases. 4. Help Ss to talk about the development of carnivals. Teaching Procedures: Step 1 Lead in Purpose: To arouse Ss’ interest in learning about the festivals. Ask Ss to share the information that they have known about the festivals over the world in groups. Festivals over the world 世界消费者权益日(3 月 15 日)-----World Consumer Right Day 世界水日(3 月 22 日)-----World Water Day 世界卫生日(4 月 7 日)-----World Health Day 世界地球日(4 月 22 日)-----World Earth Day
世界住房日(十月第一个星期一)-----World Housing Day 国际秘书节(4 月 25 日)-----International Secretary Day 国际红十字日(5 月 8 日)-----International Red-cross Day 国际护士节(5 月 12 日)-----International Nurse Day 世界电信日(5 月 17 日)-----World Telecommunications Day 世界无烟日(5 月 31 日)-----World No-smoking Day 世界环境日(6 月 5 日)-----World Environment Day 世界人口日(7 月 11 日)-----World Population Day 世界旅游日(9 月 27 日)-----World Tourism Day 世界邮政日(10 月 9 日)-----World Post Day 世界粮食日(10 月 16 日)-----World Grain Day 世界爱滋病日(12 月 1 日)-----World Aids Day 世界残疾日(12 月 3 日)-----World Disabled Day Step 2 Reading (Workbook P87) Purpose: To develop some basic reading skills and get some information about Christmas traditions. 1. Ask the Ss to read the headings and match the headings with the paragraphs. Suggested answers: A5 B1 C2 D6 E3 F4 2. Ask the Ss to read the passage again and choose the correct answer on P88. Suggested answers: (1) c (2)a (3)b (4)a (5)c 3. Ask the Ss to skim the passage and answer the questions of Activity 9. Suggested answers: (1) The 25th December was the old mid-winter festival in pre-Christian times. (2) The tradition of the Christmas tree started to give people hope that spring will come again. (3) As a way of keeping in touch with family and friends. (4) Children enjoy Christmas because they received lots of presents. (5) Some people love Christmas and others hate it. (6) Yes, because it is about the birth of Christianity. / No, because people who are not Christians celebrate it as well. Step 3 Pre-reading Purpose: Enable Ss to talk about the origins of carnivals and two different kinds of carnivals and help them to talk about the development of carnivals. 1. Ask Ss to look at the pictures of carnivals and discuss the following questions.
Q1. What’s the feature of carnivals? Q2. What is the food? Q3. What do you think of their costumes? Suggested answers: A1. The feature of the carnivals is the mystery of the mask. A2. In some places, the food is just like Thanksgiving Day. There are turkey, turkey dressing and some pumpkin pies. A3. The costumes that they wear are very strange and exaggerated. Step 4 While-reading Purpose: To get more information about carnivals. 1. Scanning: Ask Ss to scan the passage and finish activity 1. Suggested answers: The first and the fourth topics are mentioned in the passage. 2. Skimming Ask Ss to skim the passage and finish activity 2. Suggested answers:(1)c (2)b (3)c 4(a) (5)b (6)b (7)b (8)b 3. Pair work: New words studying Purpose: To deal with the new words and phrases in the passage. 1. Ask Ss to read the passage again and finish Activity 3 and 4. Suggested answers of activity 3: (1) confusion (2) excitement (3) mask (4) mystery (5) magic (6) costume (7) crowd (8) tradition (9) atmosphere Suggested answers of activity 4:(1) b (2)a (3) b (4)b (5)a (6) b (7)b (8)b 2. Ask Ss to use dictionary and wordlist to deal with the new words and phrases.
Step 5 Post-reading (group work) Purpose: Enable Ss to talk about the origins of carnivals and two different kinds of carnivals. Ask Ss to read the passage again and then work in groups to talk about the origins of
carnivals and two different kinds of carnivals.
Step 6 Homework Try to find the difficult sentences for you in the passage.
Period 3 Reading and Vocabulary (2), Cultural Corner
Teaching Goals: 1. To develop a basic reading skill—analyzing the text. 2. To deal with the language points in the text. 3. To know the different festivals, culture and custom in different countries and getting more information about our country and world. Teaching Procedures: Step 1 Lead in Purpose: To review what we learnt in the last period and to develop a basic reading skill— analyzing the text. Ask Ss to work in pairs, try to analyze the text and get the main idea of each paragraph. Several minutes later, ask some students to show their opinions. Suggested answers: Paragraph 1: People’s general impression of carnival. Paragraph 2: The meaning of carnival and how it was celebrated in history. Paragraph 3: Carnival in Venice and the problem it caused when people celebrated it. Paragraph 4: The law about wearing masks. Paragraph 5: The revival of the tradition of celebrating carnival. Paragraph 6: How carnival is celebrated in Venice today and the feature of the carnival in Venice. Step 2 Language points Purpose: To train Ss’ listening ability and to deal with the language points in the text. Listen to the tape and deal with the language points in groups. Listen to the tape and follow it in a low voice. Then Ss are divided into six groups. Each group is supposed to read through each heading, and then discuss them. Paragraph 1. think of 考虑, 关心, 想起, 想象, 有??的看法, 记起 相关词组： (1) think for 认为, 预料 (2) think about 考虑, 回想 Paragraph 2. at the end of 在...结尾,在....末端 Eg at the end of the day 1.在一天的末了; 相关词组： (1) at the start 开始, 起初 (2) at the beginning of 在…初 2. dress up v. 盛装, 打扮, 装饰, 伪装
dress 用法： 1)不可数名词 n.[U] 服装 The group of dancers wore national dress. 可数名词 n.[C] 女装；童装 I haven't got a dress for the ball. 2)不及物动词 vi. 穿衣 He washed, dressed and went out. She always dresses in green. 3)及物动词 vt. 给…穿衣 His mother dressed him in new clothes. She hurriedly dressed the child and took him downstairs. She is dressed in red. 及物动词 vt. 装饰，打扮 The ship was dressed with flags. 及物动词 vt. 敷药包扎 The doctor cleaned and dressed the wound. 及物动词 vt. 整理；安排 She often spends hours dressing her hair.她经常花很多时间梳头。 dress 相关短语及其他用法: dress up 穿着打扮;装饰 She likes to dress up for a party. dress down 训斥，斥责 For this, the teacher dressed me down for a good while. dress down a horse 给马梳刷 dress a salad 拌色拉 Paragraph 3. 1. For weeks on end people walked round the streets wearing masks, doing what they wanted without being recognized.连续几个星期人们戴着面具走在街上，为所欲为而不 会被认出来。 on end adv. 竖着；时间连续地： for weeks on end 一连几个星期 she waited out side for hours on end. 她在外面一连等了好几个小时。 2.pretend 假装 pretend to be sth. 假装是一种…….的事物; 自认为是…… pretend to be doing sth. 假装正在做某事 pretend that-clause e.g. 他妈妈进来的时候他假装在读书。 He pretended to have read the book when his mother came in. He pretended to be reading the book when his mother came in. He pretended that he was reading the book when his mother came in. 3. while 作“而，却”讲时为并列连词，一般连接两个句式结构相似的句子，而意义却相 对或相反。 Eg (1) Some people like coffee, while others like tea. 有些人喜欢咖啡, 而有些人喜欢茶。
(2) While I like the color of the hat, I do not like its shape. 我倒喜欢这顶帽子的颜色， 但不 喜欢那个式样。 4. Ordinary people could pretend to be rich and important, while famous people could have romantic adventures.普通人可以装成阔佬和要人，而名人也可以偷偷地体验浪漫 奇遇。 in secret = secretly 秘密地, 背地里 (表情况或状态) 类似的表达方式还有： in despair/ surprise/ peace/ silence/ public/ wonder/ poverty/ love/ poor health 5. Many crimes went unpunished. 很多罪行逃脱了惩处。 Paragraph 4. 1. Their use was limited by law, the first of which dates back to the fourteenth century. 它们（面具）的使用受到法律的限制，最早可追溯到 14 世纪。 dates back to 追溯到，也可以说成 date from 2. If they broke the laws, they were put into prison for up to two years.如果他们违反了 法律，就要被判处长达两年的监禁。 put somebody in prison 把某人关进监狱。相近词组：keep somebody in prison; send somebody to prison (prison 前均无冠词) up to 的意思： (1)到，一直到 ① from a pauper up to a prince 从乞丐一直到王子； ② up to the present day 直到现在 (2)〔口语〕做(着)，干(着)，计划(着) ① What are you up to now 你现在在做什么？ ② He is up to no good. 他净干坏事 (3) 胜任，适于 be up to the needs of an emergency 紧急时可用 (4) 是??的责任，轮到??；靠?? ① It is up to me to do sth. 做（某事）是我的责任[义务]。 ② It is up to us to organize the people. 民众靠我们去组织。 (5) up to/with 和?并排 ① I could not get [catch] up to him. 我追不上他。 ② Slow down a bit and let me come up with you. 跑慢一点让我赶上吧。 (6) (功绩、成功等)不相上下，可以相比，相近 He is up to his father as a scholar. 他是一个和他父亲不相上下的学者。 Paragraph 5. be good for 对?有益； Taking morning exercises is good for health. 做早操对身体有益。 相关词组： 1. do good to 对?有益； Fruit does good to you. 水果对你有用。 2. be harmful for 对?有害 Pollution is harmful for the earth.污染对地球有害。 3. do harm to 对?有害 The drought did a lot of harm to the crops. 干旱给庄稼带来许多危害。
Paragraph 6. the key to something 某事的关键（答案） e.g. the key to a riddle 谜底 Step 3 Cultural Corner Purpose：Know the different festivals, culture and custom in different countries and getting more information about our country and world. Get something about the different and commons between the East culture and the West culture. Read The Meaning of Carnival and answer the questions in textbook. Suggested answers: 1. Originally it meant “with no meat”, but now it symbolizes “life”. 2. Maybe we have not such a festival. (Various answers are accepptible.) Step 4 Speaking Purpose: To inspire Ss’ creation. Ask Ss to create a new festival and explain why.(Nature Day/ Human Day) Step 5 Homework 1. Use the new words and expressions to make some sentences. 2. Finish the exercises on P86 of the workbook.
Period 4 Learning to learn, Vocabulary and Listening, Everyday English
Teaching Goals: 1. To develop Ss’ listening ability. 2. To review some useful everyday English. 3. To learn some new words about food. 4. Enable Ss to use the tapes to practice pronunciation as well as listening. Teaching Procedures: Step 1 Lead-in Purpose: Enable Ss to use the tapes to practice pronunciation as well as listening. Ask Ss to read Learning to learn and discuss what is provided for their learning strategies. Have they tried the method? Is it good? Ask them to give two examples of the method. Step 2 Vocabulary about food Purpose: To learn some words about food Show the following pictures and talk to Ss: There are so many delicious foods on the festivals. Today we will learn some new words about food. egg: 100-year egg salted duck egg meat: turkey pork sausage vegetable: pea
onin herb flour bean garlic pepper Suggested answers of activity 1: 1. beans, cabbage, eggs, flour, garlic, onion, pork, sausage, chicken 2. What we eat at a festival are pork, chicken, beef, fish, beans, dumplings, cabbage, peas, garlic, tomatoes, potatoes, cucumber, etc. Suggested answers of activity 2: 1 pork and chicken 2 sausages 3 beans, cabbage, garlic, onion, peas 4 flour, eggs Suggested answers of activity 3: These are possible answers: Vegetables Meat potatoes turkey carrots duck cauliflower goose parsnip mutton turnip lamb swede beef broccoli veal fennels quail courgette pheasant marrow partridge leek goat Step 2 Listening Purpose: To develop Ss’ listening ability and study some useful everyday English. 1. Pre-listening Ask Ss to read through the questions, make sure they understand the questions and then ask them to guess what the listening material is about. （After that, let them listen to the material one by one, and check if they got the main idea of each paragraph.） 2. While-listening Pair work: Listen and finish Activity 4 and 5. Suggested answers of activity 4: Picture bottom left: Carnival in Rio Picture top left: Mardi Gras Picture bottom right: Oktoberfest Picture top right: Notting Hill Suggested answers of activity 5: Name Where? When? How long? Origin Food
Caitlin Cameron Maria Stefan
New Orleans, USA Notting Hill, London Rio, Brazil Germany
Jan.—Feb. last weekend in August February Sept. —Oct.
2 months weekend 5 days 2 weeks
18th century 1960s 1850 1810
King Cakes chicken, rich and peas pork, beans and garlic sausages and sauerkuaut
Group work： Ask Ss to answer any questions they can in Activity 6 in groups. Then listen to the tape again, and check the answers. Suggested answers: ① The French. ② A plastic baby. ③ Because of the weather. ④ Caribbean immigrants to the UK. Because it is an important festival for them. ⑤ Because Carnival is in the Brazilian’s blood. ⑥ They go for a walk on the beach. ⑦ Sausages. ⑧ Ten million. 3. Post-listening Ask the students to finish the Everyday English individually and then check the answers and give some explanation. Suggested answers: (1) b (2) a (3) b (4) a (5) b (6) a (7)a (8) b Explanation （1） give up v.放弃(念头、 希望等), 停止, 抛弃, 认输, 把...送交, <口>对...绝望(=give up) give in v.投降, 屈服, 让步, 交上, 宣布 （2）表达喜欢的方式有以下一些： （语气是由弱到强的） (quite/really) like (quite/really) love (quite/really) enjoy be fond of be crazy about be wild about （3）funnily enough 足够滑稽的是 (4) in one’s blood 血液里的事物即自然的事物 Blood is thicker than water. (5) wash down 用水冲服 Wash down the medicine with water three time a day. (6) walk off ? 带走 ? （突然）离开 ? 用走来消除 You can walk off your headache.
Step 3 Speaking Purpose: Enable Ss to know how to talk about festivals over the world. Ask Ss work in pairs, and finish Activity 7 of Listening. Step 4 Homework 1. Use Everyday English to make a conversation with your partner.. 2. Finish the rest exercise about module 4 in workbook.
Period 5 Function, Grammar, Reading and Writing
Teaching Goals: 1. To get the Ss to know how to show likes, dislikes and preferences. 2. To get the Ss to have knowledge of the passive voice. 3. To develop Ss’ writing ability. Teaching Procedures: Step 1 Leading-in Purpose: To motivate Ss to learn how to show likes, dislikes and preferences. Discussion: Ask the Ss to discuss how many ways in which we can show likes and dislikes and finish Function in our textbook on P37. How many ways can you show your likes and dislike? like (quite/really) like (quite/really) love (quite/really) enjoy be fond of be wild about
dislike don’t think much of don’t (doesn’t) like (quite/really) hate can’t stand …
Step 2 Function Purpose: Through exercises to get Ss to know how to show likes, dislikes and preferences. Suggested answers (Activity 1): They are speaking about likes and preferences: 1 Caitlin; King Cake 2 Maria; Feijoada 3 Stefan; sausages 4 Cameron; traditional Jamaican food —chicken with rich and peas Suggested answers (Activity 2): (1) I hate it. (2) I don’t think much of it. (3) It’s OK. (4) I quite like it. (5) I really like it (6) I love it. Step 3 Speaking Purpose: Help Ss to know how to talk about their likes, dislikes and preferences. Work in pairs, and finish Activity 3 in our textbook. Step 4 Grammar
Purpose: Enable Ss to use the passive voice. 1. Presentation Purpose: To get the Ss to know the teaching content of Grammar Show the following contents on blackboard or PowerPoint --- the passive voice. 被动语态考查要点简述 被动语态的构成方式：be + 过去分词，口语只也有用 get / become +过去分词表示。被 动语态的基本用法： 不知道或没必要提到动作的执行者是谁时用被动语态。 强调或突出动作 的承受者常用被动语态（by 短语有时可以省略） 。 （1）使用被动语态时应注意的几个问题。 ①主动变化被动时双宾语的变化。看下列例句。 My friend gave me an interesting book on my birthday. An interesting book was given to me(by my friend)on my birthday. I was given an interesting book (by my friend)on my birthday. ②主动变被动时，宾补成主补（位置不变） ； （作补语的）不定式前需加 to。 The boss made him work all day long. He was made to work all day long(by the boss) ③短语动词变被动语态时，勿要掉“尾巴” 。 The children were taken good care of (by her). Your pronunciation and spelling should be paid attention to. ④情态动词和 be going to、be to、be sure to、used to、have to、had better 等结构变被动 语态，只需将它们后面的动词原形变为 be +过去分词。 ⑤当句子的谓语为 say、believe、expect、think、know、write、consider、report 等时， 被动语态有两种形式： （A）谓语动词用被动语态，动词不定式作主补。 （B）用 it 作形式主 语，真正的主语在后面用主语在后面用主语从句来表示。如： People say he is a smart boy. It is said that he is a smart boy. He is said to be a smart boy. People know paper was made in China first. It is known that paper was made in China first. Paper was known to be made in China first. 类似句型有：It is said / known / suggested / believed / hoped/ thought that … （2）不能用被动语态的几种情况。 ①所有的不及物动词或不及物动词词组不能用于被动语态之中。 ②表示状态的谓语动词，如：last、hold、benefit、contain、equal、fit、join、mean、last、 look like、consist to 等。 ③表示归属的动词，如 have、own、belong to 等。 ④表示“希望、意图”的动词，如：wish、want、hope、like、love、hate 等。 ⑤宾语是反身代词或相互代词时谓语动词用主动语态，不能用被动语态。 ⑥宾语是同源宾语，不定式、动名词等谓语动词不用被动语态。 ⑦有些动词以其主动形式表示被动意义，特别是当主语是物时，常见的动词有 sell、 write、wash、open、lock 等。 （3）主动形式表被动意义。 ①当 feel、look、smell、taste、sound 等后面接形容词时；当 cut、read、sell、wear、write 等词带状语修饰语时；当动词表示“开始、结束、关、停、转、启动”等意义时。
This kind of cloth washes easily.这种布易洗。 These novels won’t sell well.这些小说不畅销。 My pen writes smoothly.我的钢笔写起来很流畅。 The door won’t lock.门锁不上。 The fish smells good.鱼闻起来香。 ②当 break out、take place、shut off、turn off、work out 等动词表示“发生、关闭、制定” 等意思时。 The plan worked out successfully. The lamps on the wall turn off. ③want, require, need 后面的动名词用主动表示被动含义。 ④be worth doing 用主动形式表示被动含义。 ⑤在“be + 形容词 + to do”中，不定式的逻辑宾语是句子的主语，用主动代被动。 This kind of water isn’t fit to drink. The girl isn’t easy to get along with. 另外：be to blame(受谴责)，be to rent（出租）也用主动形式表被动。 （4）被动形式表示主动意义的几种情况。 ①be seated 坐着 He is seated on a bench.（He seats himself on a bench.）坐在凳子上。 ②be hidden 躲藏 He was hidden behind the door.(He hid himself behind the door.)他藏在门后。 ③be lost 迷路 ④be drunk 喝醉 ⑤be dressed 穿着 The girl was dressed in a red short skirt. （5）被动语态与系表结构的区别 被动语态强调动作；系表结构表主语的特点或状态。如： The book was sold by a certain bookstore.(被动语态) The book is well sold.(系表结构) 动词的语态一般不单独考，而是和时态、语气和非谓语动词一起考，只是需要注意以 下考点。 考点一：不能用于被动语态的动词和词组 come true, consist of, take place, happen, become, rise, occur, belong, break out, appear, arrive, die, fall, last, exist, fail, succeed It took place before liberation. 考点二： 下列动词的主动语态表示被动意义, 而且常与 well, quite, easily, badly 等副词连 用。 lock ( 锁 ) ; wash ( 洗 ); sell ( 卖 ); read ( 读 ); wear ( 穿 ); blame (责备)；ride (乘坐)； write ( 写 )； Glass breaks easily. 玻璃容易破碎。 The car rides smoothly. 这车走起来很稳。 The case locks easily. 这箱子很好锁。 The book sells well. 这本书很畅销。 考点三：一些常用经典被动句型： It is said…, It is reported…, It is widely believed…， It is expected…, It is estimated…,这些
句子一般翻译为“据说……”，“人们认为……”，而 “以前人们认为……” 则应该说：It was believed…, It was thought… 2. Examples (1)（粤 04-21）All the employees except the manager _____to work online at home. A. encourages B. encourage C. is encouraged D. are encouraged 解析：答案为 D。据题意应用被动语态，故选 D。 (2)（沪 04-30）The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people _____to eat more fruit and vegetables. A. persuade B. will persuade C. be persuaded D. are persuaded 解析：答案为 D。答案 C 形式不对，应用被动语态，故选 D。 (3)（京 04-27)The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for the Beijing Olympics _____by 2008. A. has been completed B. has completed C. will have been completed D. will have completed 解析：答案为 C。此句要注意时态和语态的结合。 (4)（苏 04-26）More patients _____in hospital this year than last year. A. treated B. have treated C. had been treated D. have been treated 解析：答案为 D。此句要注意时态和语态的结合。 [备考策略]全国卷近三年单纯考查语态的题目没有，结合时态对考生进行考查是考试热 点；据题干所反映关系，即主动还是被动，从而恰当选用语态。 3. Practice Review of verb forms Purpose: To get the Ss to have knowledge of the grammar through exercises. Ask the Ss to finish the exercises in our textbook about Grammar. Suggested answers of activity 1: a Sentence 2. b Sentence 1. c Sentence 2. d By shows who performed the action(the agent). Suggested answers of activity 2: was followed was extended was limited were not allowed were passed were put were banned was revived was developed is celebrated are booked are crowded Suggested answers of activity 3: 1) were held 2) celebrated 3) was decided 4) wanted 5) was followed 6) was discovered 7) brought
8) were added 9) has become 10) is celebrated 11) is known 12) climbs 13) flies 14) is watched 15) are fired Suggested answers of activity 4: 1. Venice is visited by tourists from all over the world. 2. Many of the carnival masks are made by trained artists. 3. Parties were given every day for a month (by rich people). 4. Carnival was taken to South America by the Portuguese and the Spanish. 5. The Notting Hill Carnival in London was created by the West Indian community. 6. Carnival is enjoyed by millions of people today. Step 5 Reading and Writing Purpose: To develop Ss’ writing ability. 1. Read the email and number the things in the order you read them. (1) the atmosphere at the festival (2) the music (3) the food (4) what the writer ’s doing (5) what the writer ’s going to do 2. Find the adjectives used to describe: the atmosphere: noisy / colorful the music: great / exciting / relaxing the food: good / tasty 3. Write a short article to introduce a Chinese festival. Step 6 Homework 1. Grammar on Workbook P85. 2. Review the new words and phrases that we have learnt.
Period 6 Workbook, Module File
Teaching Goals: 1. To deal with the exercise in workbook. 2. Enable the Ss to make a conclusion of this module. Teaching Procedures: Step 1 Workbook Purpose: To deal with the exercise in workbook. First, check the Ss whether they have finished the homework. And then give some instructions of the confusing exercises. Step 2 Module File Purpose: Enable the Ss to make a conclusion of this module and to deepen what we have learned in the module.
Ask the Ss to look at Module File of Module 4 and try to recall what we have learnt in the module. Then tick the things they are sure that they know and put a question mark next to the points they are not sure of and a cross to what they don’t know. Help the students to share their ideas and deal with the difficult or confusing points. Step 3 Assessment 1. Individual work for self-assessment In this module, you have learnt about some festivals. How do you evaluate yourself in studying this module? Items Listening Speaking Reading Writing Grammar Reflection I learnt __________________________________________. I would like to know about __________________________. I’m still not sure about ______________________________. I’m confused about ___________ ___________________. 2. Group work: Group Assessment 姓 名 小组发言次数 全班发言次数 提出问题次数 解答问题次数 查找资料次数 与人合作次数 总 评 价 Step 6 Homework 1. Find more exercises about the passive voice. 2. Get a general impression of Module 5. Suggested websites. http://www.amazon.com http://www.chinadaily.com.cn http://www.enhero.cn/kh71/index.php http://www.ew.com.cn/ http://publishblog.blogchina.com/blog/tb.b?diaryID=1502654
Not very well
Problems and things to improve
一、单项选择 1 Jackson A. had wanted to work in a government office though he hated serving there. B. wanted C. was wanted D. was wanting
2 ---Did you enjoy last night’s concert? ---Yes, though the last piece rather poor. A. played B. was played C. was playing D. playing 3 Come and sit down by the fire. You hands . A. feel so cold B. is felt so cold C. fell so coldly D. felt so cold 4 Great changes in our city and some schools during the past 20 years. A. have taken place; have set up B. were take place; were set up C. have bee taken place; have been set up D. have taken place; have been set up 5 The thief while climbing the garden wall. A. has caught B. was caught C. had been caught D. has been caught 6 In some parts of the world, tea with milk and sugar. A. is served B. is serving C. servers D. served 7 I’m sorry I’m too busy now. And I can’t help___ the question for you. A. answering B. to answer C. answered D. being answered 8 She spent all the time she had ____ scientific researches on the comprehensive use of the water resource. A. made B to make C being made D. making 9 While doing homework, ______. A. the boy heard someone knocking at the door B. the door was knocked open C. the telephone rang D. Mr Wang came in 10 He as well as I ____ to England twice. A. goes 11 These fish __ A. provides, with A. to write A. where, that A. cheap; high she was as ___ as a cat. A. live; alive B. alive; lively C. live; lively D. lively; alive 二。单词拼写（根据提示或汉语意思填入单词以完成句子） 1. 2. 3. Bad customs should be a_________.坏的风俗应当废除。 We live in an _________ of freedom.我们生活在自由的环境中。 Words like“ believe” and “receive” are a source of ___________ in spelling.诸如 believe 和
B. go _ Wales _ B. provides, for B. has written B. that; where B. cheaply; high
C. has been __ the main food. C. provide, with C. have write C. in which; which C. cheap; highly
D. have been D. provide, for D. have written D. at which; where D. cheaply; highly
12 Whom did the teacher ____an article for the wall newspaper? 13 Was it in the room ____ my father once worked ____ they held the meeting? 14 The young pigeons which I bought ____ last month are able to fly ___ now. 15 When she knew that there would be a ____ TV programme of her favourite singer that night,
receive 这样的词在拼写上容易混淆。 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. He does not ___________ to be a genius. 他并不自命为天才。 The actors are in policemen's ___________. 穿着警服的演员 His mind is ___________. 他心不在焉。 The boys ________ (闲逛) around the town with nothing to do. He ___________ his birthday with a banquet.他举行宴会庆祝自己的生日。 You must pay the tax if you want to _______ （进口） wine.
10. The first time he saw her, he fell in love with the _______ (高雅的) lady. 三。完成句子,根据所给汉语意思完成句子，每空只填一词。 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. She likes to ____ _____ (装扮) for a party. It has been raining for three days ____ _____. 雨不停的下了三昼夜。 The town council realized that carnival ____ _____ ______（对……有好处）business. This had made it necessary for ____ ____ ____ (工农业)to develop very quickly. ____ ____ ____ ____ (一直在等) you since two hours ago.
四．完成填空. 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1～20 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中， 选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Some myths are stories told since ancient times to explain the causes for natural happenings. The Greek myth that explains why there are changes of (1) ______ is about Demeter, the goddess of the harvest. She had a daughter, Persephone, whom she loved very much. Hades, god of the underworld, fell in love with Persephone, and he asked Zeus, the (2) ______ of the gods, to give Persephone to him as his (3) ______. Zeus did not want either to disappoint Hades or to upset Demeter, so he said he would not agree to the marriage, but neither would he (4) ______ it. Hades, therefore, decided to take the girl without (5) ______. When Persephone was picking flowers in the garden, he seized her and took her to the underworld. When Demeter (6) ______ what happened to Persephone, she became so (7) ______ that she caused all plants to (8) ______ People were in (9) ______ of starving. But Demeter was determined not to let crops grow (10) ______ her daughter, Persephone, was returned to her. (11) ______, still not wanting to disappoint Hades, decided upon a condition for Persephone's (12) ______. She could go back to her mother if she had not (13) ______ anything while she was in the underworld. Demeter (14) ______ it because she did not know that Persephone had eaten several pomegranate (石榴) seeds in the underworld. When Zeus (15) ______ this, he agreed that Persephone could spend part of the year with her (16) ______, but he added that since she had eaten the seeds, she must spend part of the year in the underworld. And so it (17) ______ that when Persephone is in the underworld, Demeter is sad and therefore (18) ______ not let the
crops grow. That is (19) ______ we have winter when plants do not grow. When Persephone returns, Demeter is (20) ______, it is spring, and plants begin to grow again. 1. A. periods 2. A. winner 3. A. wife 4. A. forbid 5.A. arrangement 6. A. let out 7. A. excited 8. A. grow fast 9. A. danger 10. A. since 11. A. Persephone 12. A. return 13. A. stolen 14. A. understood 15. A. discovered 16. A. daughter 17. A. works 18. A. should 19. A. where 20. A. nice Keys to Module 4 一． 单项选择（共 30 分 每小题 2 分） 1 C 2 B 3A 4 D 5 B 6A 7 B 8 D 9 A 10 C 11 C 12 C 13 A 14 B 15 C 二．单词拼写（共 20 分 每小题 2 分） ．1．abolished 2. atmosphere 3. confusion 4．pretend 5. costumes 6. wandering 7．wandered 8. celebrated 9. import 10. elegant 三．完成句子（共 10 分 每小题 2 分） 1. dress up 2. on end 3．be good for 4. agriculture and industry 5．Have been waiting for 四．完型填空（共 40 分 每题 2 分） 1.B 2. B 3. A 4. A 5. D 6. D 7. C 8. C 9. A 10. B 11.B 12. A 13. C 14. D 15. A 16. B 17. C 18. D 19. C 20. D
B. seasons B. ruler B. lover B. forgive B. warning B. worked out B. tired B. start growing B. hope B. until B. Zeus B. change B. found B. refused B. studied B. mother B. remains B. can B. because B. friendly
C. time C. advisor C. partner C. admit C. reason C. thought out C. angry C. stop growing C. turn C. after C. Demeter C. marriage C. eaten C. doubted C. forgot C. god C. happens C. dare C. why C. fresh
D. age D. fighter D. daughter D. accept D. permission D. found out D. serious D. grow slowly D. case D. when D. Hades D. journey D. heard D. accepted D. prepared D. ruler D. starts D. will D. how D. happy