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IN SEARCH OF THE AMBER ROOM Frederick William Ⅰ,the King of Prussia , could never have imagined that his
greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history . This gift was the Amber Room , which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it . The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey . The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days . It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels , which took the country's best artists about ten years to make .

In fact , the room was not made to be a gift . It was designed for the palace of
Frederick Ⅰ. However, the next King of Prussia , Frederick William Ⅰ,to whom the amber room belonged,decided not to keep it. In 1716 he gave it to Peter the Great. In return , the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers. So the Amber Room because part of the Czar's winter palace in St-Petersburg.About four metres long, the room served as a small reception hall for important visitors .

Later,Catherine Ⅱ had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg
where she spent her summers. She told her artists to add more details to it .In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted . Almost six hundred candles lit the room ,and its mirrors and pictures shone-like gold. Sadly , although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the world , it is now missing .

In September 1941, the Nazi army was near St Petersburg . This was a time when
the two-countries were at war . Before the Nazis could get to the summer palace , the Russians were able to remove some furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room . However , some of the Nazis secretly stole the room itself . In less than two days 100,000 pieces were put inside twenty-seven woooden boxs . There is no doubt that the boxs were then put on a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea . After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery .

Recently , the Russians and Germans have built a new Amber Room at the summer
palace . By studying old photos of the former Amber Room , they have made the new one look like the old-one .In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg when they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city . 寻找琥珀屋 普鲁士国王腓特烈· 威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给俄罗斯人民的厚礼会有一段令人惊讶
的历史。 这件礼物就是琥珀屋,它之所以有这个名字,是因为造这间房子用了近几吨琥珀,被选 择的琥珀色彩艳丽,呈黄褐色,像蜜一样。 屋子的设计当时流行的极富艺术表现力的建筑风格。 琥珀屋这件珍品还镶嵌著黄金和珠宝,全国最优秀的艺术家用了是年的时间才完成它。

位普鲁士国王,腓烈特· 威廉一世,这个琥珀屋的主人却决定不再要它了。1716 年,他把它送给 了彼得大帝。作为回馈,沙皇则送给他一队自己最好的士兵。所以,琥珀屋就成了沙皇在圣彼 得堡东宫的一部分。琥珀屋长约 4 米,被用作接待重要来宾的小型会客室。

它增添了更多的装饰。1770 年,这间琥珀屋按她要求的方式完工了。将近 600 支蜡烛照亮了 这个房间,里面的镜子和图画就像金子一样闪闪发光。不幸的是,虽然琥珀屋被认为是世界奇 迹之一,可是现在它却下落不明。

1941 年 9 月,纳粹德国的军队逼近了圣彼得堡。这是两国交战的时期。在纳粹分子能够到
达夏宫之前,俄国人只来得及把琥珀屋里的一些家具和小型艺术饰品搬走。可是琥珀屋本身 却被一些纳粹分子秘密地头运走了。在不到两天的时间里,琥珀屋被拆成 10 万块装进了 27 个木箱里。毫无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡,当时它是波罗的海的海边的一 个城市。

从那以后,琥珀屋的最终归宿就成了一个谜。 最近俄国人和德国人已经在夏宫建立起了一个
新的琥珀屋,通过研究前琥珀屋的照片,他们使得新的琥珀屋的样子与原来的非常相像。2003 年,在圣彼得堡人民庆祝他们的城市建立 300 周年的时候,它已经完工了.

A FACT OR AN OPINION? What is a fact? Is it something that people believe? No. A fact is anything that can
be proved. For example, it can be proved that China has more people than any other country in the world. This is a fact.

Then what is an opinion? An opinion is what someone believes is true but has
not been proved. So an opinion is not good evidence in a trial. For example, it is an opinion if you say “Cats are better pets than dogs”. It may be true, but it is difficult to prove. Some people may not agree with this opinion but they also cannot prove that they are right.

In a trial, a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which not to
believe. The judge does not consider what each eyewitness looks like or where that person lives or works. He/she only cares about whether the eyewitness has given true information, which must be facts rather than opinions. This kind of information is called evidence. 一个事实还是一个观点 什么是事实?是一些人们相信的东西吗?不!事实是可以被证明的任何事。例如,可以证

在一个审判中不是一个好证据。例如,如果你说“猫是比狗好的宠物”这会是一个观点。这可 能是真的, 不过很难去证明。 一些人可能不同意这个观点不过他们也不能去证明他们是对的。

在一场审批中, 一个审判官一定要去决定相信哪个目击者哪个目击者不应该相信。 这个审
判官不会去考虑每个目击者的长相或人们在哪里居住或工作。他/她只关心目击者是否会提 供真是的信息,信息一定是事实而不是观点。这类的信息被称为证据。

AN INTERVIEW Pausanias, who was a Greek writer about 2,000 years ago, has come on a magica
journey on March 18th 2007 to find out about the present-day Olympic Games. He is now interviewing Li Yan, a volunteer for the 2008 Olympic Games.

P: My name is Pausanias. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to
write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. I’ve come to your time to find out about the present-day-Olympic Games because I know that in 2004 they were held in my homeland. May I ask you some questions about the modern Olympics?

L: Good heavens! Have you really come from so long ago? But of course you can ask
any questions you like. What would you like to know?

P: How often do you hold your Games? L: Every four years. There are two main sets of Games-the Winter and Summer
Olympics, and both are held every four years on a regular basis. The Winter Olympics are usually held two years before the Summer Games. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. They may come from anywhere in the world.

P: Winter Games? How can the runners enjoy competing in winter? And what about
the horses?

L: Oh no! There are no running races or horse riding events. Instead there are
competitions like skiing and ice skating which need snow and ice. That’s why they’re called the Winter Olympics. It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports.

P: I see. Earlier you said that athletes are invited from all over the world. Do you me
an the Greek world? Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just for the honour of winning. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women!

L: Nowadays any country can take part if their athletes are good enough. There are
over 250 sports and each on has its own standard. Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics, athletics, team sports and …

P: Please wait a minute! All those events, all those countries and even women taking
part! Where are all the athletes housed?

L: For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception
building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well.

P: That sounds very expensive. Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games? L: As a matter of fact, every country wants the opportunity. It’s a great responsibility
but also a great honour to be chosen. There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. The 2008 Olympics will be held in Beijing, China. Did you know that? P: Oh yes! You must be very proud.

L: Certainly. And after that the 2012 Olympics will be held in London. They have
already-started planning for it. A new village for the athletes and all the stadiums will be built to the east of London. New medals will be designed of course and …

P: Did you say medals? So even the olive wreath has been replaced! Oh dear! Do
you compete for prize money too?

L: No, we don’t. it’s still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw
further. That’s the motto of the Olympics, you know”Swifter”, Higher and Stronger.

P: Well, that’s good news. How interesting! Thank you so much for your time.
一个采访 大约 2000 年前的希腊作者帕萨尼亚斯(P),在 2007 年 3 月 18 日踏上了一段魔幻的旅程去
查明关于现代的奥林匹克运动会。他正在采访一个 2008 年奥林匹克运动会志愿者李岩(L)。

P:我是帕萨尼亚斯。 我住在你们所说的“古希腊”而且在很久之前我常常写以一些关于奥林匹
克运动会的事情。我来到你的时代是为了解关于现代奥林匹克运动会因为我知道 2004 年奥 林匹克运动会会在我家乡举办。我可以问你一些关于现代奥林匹克运动会的问题么?



P:你们多久会举办一次运动会? L:四年一次。有两种主要的运动会形式--冬季和夏季奥运会,并且在一个有规律的基础上他
们都是四年举办一次的。 冬季奥运会一般会在夏季奥运会前两年举办。 只有达到该项目既定 的标准的运动员才会被容许成为竞争者。他们可以来自世界各地。

P:冬季奥运会?田径运动员如何在冬季享受比赛?还有马术又怎样? L:哦不!冬季奥运会没有赛跑和骑马的项目。反而会有一些像滑雪和溜冰这些需要雪和冰的
项目。这就是为什么他成为冬季奥运会。只有在夏季奥运会会有你说赛跑,同时还有游泳, 帆船运动和所有团队运动。


L:现在只要他们的运动员够好的话任何国家都可以参加。有超过 250 种项目并且每一种都
有它自己的标准。妇女不仅允许参加比赛,并且她们在体操比赛,竞技比赛,团队比赛和其 他各种比赛中都扮演着重要的角色。



P:那听起来很贵。有哪个国家会想要举办奥运会么? L:事实上,每个国家都想要这个机会。这是一个很大的责任同样是一个很大的荣誉如果被
挑选到。在国家之间有很多竞争去为举办奥运会就像去赢得奥林匹克奖牌一样。2008 年的 奥运会将会在北京举行。这你知道么?

P:哦是的!你一定非常自豪。 L:当然。之后的 2012 年奥运会将在伦敦举行。他们早就开始为这个做准备了。一座让运动




THE STORY OF ATLANTA Atlanta was a Greek princess. She was very beautiful and could run faster than any
man in-Greece. But she was not allowed to run and win glory for herself in the Olympic Games. She was so angry that she said to her father that she would not marry anyone who could not run faster than her. Her father said that she must marry, so Atlanta made a bargain with him. She said to him,"These are my rules. When a man says he wants to marry me, I will run against him. If he cannot run as fast as me, he will be killed. No one will be pardoned."

Many kings and princes wanted to marry Atlanta, but when they heard of rules they
knew it was hopeless. So many of them sadly went home, but others stayed to run the race. There was a man called Hippomenes who was amazed when he heard of Atlanta's rules,"Why are these men so foolish?" he thought. "Why will they let themselves be killed because they cannot run as fast as this princess?" However, when she saw Atlanta come out of her house to run, Hippomenes changed his mind. " I will marry Atlanta--or die!" he said.

The race started and although the man ran very fast, Atlanta ran faster. As
Hippomenes-watched he thought, "How can I run as fast as Atlanta?" He went to ask the Greek Godness of Love for help. She promised to help him and gave him three golden apples. She said," Throw an apple in front of Atlanta when she is running past. When she stops to pick it up, you will be able to run past her and win."Hippomenes took the apples and went to the King. He said," I want to marry Atlanta ." The King was sad to see another man die, but Hippomenes said," I will marry her------or die!" So the race began. 亚特兰大的故事 亚特兰大是一个希腊公主。她很漂亮并且可以跑得比希腊的任何一个男人都快。不过她不
被允许在奥运会上跑步去为她自己赢得荣誉。 她很生气因此她跟她父亲说她不会嫁任何跑不 过她的男人。她父亲说她必须要嫁,所以亚特兰大与她父亲定下一个条件。她对她父亲说, “这是我的原则。如果有男人说想要嫁我,我会跟她赛跑。如果他跑不赢我,他会被杀。没


很多国王和王子想要娶亚特兰大, 不过当他们听到这个规定的时候他们就知道自己没希望
了。所以他们当中的很多人都伤心地回家了,不过其他的人都留着去赛跑。一个叫做希波墨 涅斯的男人听到亚特兰大的消息后感到非常惊奇,他想“为什么这些男的都这么愚蠢 呢?”“为什么他们会因为跑不过这个公主而让自己被杀呢?”然而,当他看到亚特兰大从她 的房子出来跑步的时候,希波墨涅斯改变了他的心意。他说,“我会娶亚特兰大或者死!”

“我要怎样才能赢过亚特兰大呢?”他去向希腊的爱神求助。 爱神答应帮他并给了他三个金苹 果。她说,“在亚特兰大跑过你的时候扔一个在亚特兰大面前。当亚特兰大停下来去捡苹果 的时候,你就可以跑过她并赢得比赛。”希波墨涅斯拿着苹果并跑去找国王。他说,“我想娶 亚特兰大。”国王伤心地看着又一个男人要死,不过希波墨涅斯说,“我会娶她或者死!”然 后赛跑开始了。

WHO AM I ? Over time I have been changed quite a lot. I began as a calculating machine in
France in 1642. Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums. I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. After I was programmed by an operator who used cards with holes, I could “think” logically and produce an answer quicker than any person. At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the start of my “artificial intelligence”. In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult math-

ematical problem. From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. By the 1949s I had grown as large as a room, and I wondered if I would grow any larger. However, this reality also worried my designers. As time went by, as was make smaller. First as a PC(personal computer) and then as a laptop, I have been used in offices and homes since the 1970s.

These changes only became possible as my memory improved. First it was stored in
tubes, then on transistors and later on very small chips. As a result I totally changed my shape. As I have grown older I have also grown smaller. Over time my memory has developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told! And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it! But I was always so lonely standing there by myself, until in early 1960s they gave me a family connected by a network. I was able to share my knowledge with others through the World Wide Web.

Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for my. I have become very
important in communication, finance and trade. I have also been put into robots and used to make mobile-phones as well as help with medical operations. I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality. I am now truly filled with happiness

that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human race! 我是谁? 随着时间的推移我被改变了很多。在 1642 年的法国,我是作为一个计算机器而开始的。
虽然我很年轻我可以简化一些计算题。在我被 Charles Babbage 改造成分析机器之前我很慢 的发展了接近两百年。 之后我被一个操作员用带洞的卡调制成了可以合逻辑地思考并且比任 何人都快地得出一些问题的答案。那是一个被成为技术改革的时候并且开始了我的人造智 能。 在 1936 年我真正的父亲 Alan Turing 写了一本关于我如何像普遍的机器一样去解决任何 困难的数学问题的书。从那起,我在体积和智能方面快速的发展。在 1940 年我变得像一个 房间一样大,并且我想知道我是否还能变得更大。然而,事实也在困扰着我的设计者。随着 时间的推移,我被制的更小。首先是个人电脑再到后来的手提电脑,在 1970 年我已经开始 被用在办公室和家里。

的晶片。因此我改变了我的整个外型。随着我慢慢变老我也慢慢的变小。随着时间推移我的 记忆力发展的那么快,像头大象,我不会忘记任何我曾被告知的东西!而且我的记忆力变得 如此的大以至于我都不敢相信!不过我总是自己那么孤单的站在那里, 直到 1960 年他们通过 网络给了我一个家庭关系。我能够通过万维网和其他的电脑分享我的知识。

从 1970 年起很多新的应用为我而被发明。我在交流,金融和贸易方面变得重要。我同样被
放进遥控装置中被用来制造移动电话也帮助医学手术。 我已经被放进太空火箭并被送去探测 月亮和火星。即使如此,我的目的是为人们提供高质量的生活。我现在充满快乐应为我成为 了人类种族中的一个忠心的朋友和帮助者。

ANDY – THE ANDROID I’m part of an android football team. About once a year we are allowed to get
together to play a game of football. I’m as big as a human. It fact, I look like one too. On the football team I’m a striker so I have to be able to run very fast. My computer ships help me to move and think like a-human. For example, I have learned to signal to my teammates in computer language to give me the ball when I am open and have a good for a goal.

My first football competition was in Nagoya, Japan several years ago. Last year our
team went to Seattle, Washington in the USA. We won second place. Personally, I

think the team that won first place cheated. They had developed a new type of program just before the competition. So we need to encourage our programmer to improve our intelligence too. We are determined to create an even better system. In a way our programmer is like our coach. She programs us with all the-possible moves she has seen while watching human games. Then she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation arises. In this way I can make up new moves using my “ artificial intelligence”. I could like to play against a human team, for I have been programmed to act just like them. After all, with the help of my electronic brain which never forgets anything, using my intelligence is what I’m all about! 机器人-Andy 我是一个机器人球队的一份子。我们被允许在一齐踢足球大约一年了。我像一个人类一样
高大。事实上,我长得也像人类。在球队里我是前锋因此我要跑得非常快。我的电脑芯片帮 助我移动并且像人类一样思考。 例如, 我已经学会了当我要开动去射一个好球的时候用电脑 语言向我的队友发信号让他们把球传给我。

我们胜利的第二个地方。就我个人观点,我认为我们球队第一次赢的地方是作弊的。他们已 经在比赛之前一种新的程序类型。 所以我们也要促进我们的程序去提高我们的智能。 我们决 心要去一种甚至更好的标志。 一定程度上说我们的程序就像我们的教练。 她训练我们所有在 人类比赛中她能看到的所有可能的动作。如果一种新情况出现她会准备可靠的动作去运用。 用这种方式我可以用我的“人造只能”去制造新的动作。 我能够被编程成像人类一样的表现我 就可以真的与一队人类球队去比赛。毕竟,在我不会忘掉任何东西的电子脑袋的帮助下,我 的所有就是用我的智能!

HOW DAISY LEARNED TO HELP WILDLIFE Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife. One day she woke
up and found a flying carpet by her bed. “Where do you want to go?”it asked. Daisy responded-immediately. “I’d like to see some endangered wildlife,” she said.

“Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater.” At once the carpet flew away and took her to Tibet. There daisy saw and antelope looking sad. It said, “We’re being killed for the-wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. As a result, we are now an endangered species.” At that Daisy cried, “I’m sorry I didn’t know that. I wonder what is being done to help you. Flying carpet, please show me a place where there’s some wildlife protection.”

The flying carpet traveled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. Daisy
turned-around and found that she was being watched by and elephant. “Have you come to take my photo?” it asked. In relief Daisy burst into laughter. “Don’t laugh,” said the elephant, “We used to be an endangered species. Farmers hunted us without mercy. They said we destroyed their farms, and money from tourists only went to the large tour companies. So the government decided to help. They allowed tourists to hunt only a certain number of animals if they paid the farmers. Now the farmers are happy and our numbers are increasing. So good things are being done here to save local wildlife.”

Daisy smiled, “That’s good news. It shows the importance of wildlife protection,
but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests.” The carpet rose again and almost at once they were in a thick rainforest.A monkey watched them as it rubbed itself. “What are you doing?” asked Daisy. “I’m protecting myself from mosquitoes,” it replied. “When I find a millipede insect, I rub it over my body. It-contains a powerful drug which affects mosquitoes. You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live the appreciate how the animals live together. No rainforest, no animals, no drugs.”

Daisy was amazed. “Flying carpet, please take me home so I can tell WWF and
we can begin producing this new drug. Monkey, please come and help.” The monkey agreed. The carpet flew home. As they landed, things began to disappear. Two minutes later everything had gone-the monkey, too. So Daisy was not able to make her new drug. But what an experience! She had learned so much! And there was always WWF… 戴茜学习如何去帮助野生动物 戴茜常常渴望去帮助濒临灭绝的种类的野生动物。一天她醒来发现一个正在飞行的飞毯在
她包里。“你想去哪里?”它问。戴茜立刻回答它。“我想去看那些濒临灭绝的动物,”她 说。 “请带我去那个我可以找到供给皮毛去制造这件毛衣的动物的一个遥远的地方。 ”飞毯 立刻带她飞去了西藏。在那里戴茜看到了一支看起来很伤心的羚羊。它说,“我们被杀是为 了我们肚子下的毛。我们的皮毛被人类用来制造像你这样的毛衣。因此,现在我们是一种濒 临灭绝的种类。”然后戴茜哭喊着,“我很抱歉我不知道那些。我想知道什么可以被做来帮 助你们。飞毯,请带我去一个有一些野生动物保护区的地方。”

“你来帮我拍照的吗?”它问。戴茜松口气突然笑起来。“不要笑,”大象说,“我们曾是 濒临灭绝的品种。农民残忍地猎杀我们。他们说我们破坏他们的农田,而旅游者的钱过去都 流进大型公司。 所以政府决定去帮助。 他们允许游客给农民钱才可以去猎杀确定数量的动物。 现在农民很高兴而且我们的数量在增加。所以为拯救当地野生动植物他们也在做些好事”

生生物基金会这样的建议。”飞毯再次升起然后几乎同一时间他们在一个阴霾的热带雨林。 一支猴子看着他们就像它摩擦它自己。 “你在干什么?”戴茜问。 “我在保护自己不受蚊子 的伤害,”它回答。“当我找到一只千足虫昆虫,我会在我身上摩擦它。它包涵了一种强大 的可以影响蚊子的药物。 你应该更加注意那些我居住的热带雨林并好好鉴赏动物们如何居住 在一齐。没有雨林,没有动物,没有药物。”

物。猴子,请过来帮忙。”那猴子同意了。飞毯飞回家了。当他们降落时,事物开始消失了。 两分钟后所有东西都消失了-那只猴子也是。所以戴茜不能去制造她的新药物。不过如此的 一段经历!她已经学习了那么多!还有那里的野生生物基金会......

ANIMAL EXTINCTION Many animals have disappeared during the long history of the earth.The most
famous of these animals are dinosaurs.They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before humans came into being and their future seemed secure at that time.There were many different kinds of dinosaur and a number of them used to live in China.The eggs of twenty-five species have been found in Xixia,County,Nanyang, Henan Province.Not long ago a rare new species of bird-like dinosaur was discovere d in Chaoyang County,Liaoning-Province.When scientists inspeacted the bones,they were surprised to find that these dinosaurs could not only run like the others but also climb trees.They learned this from the way the bones were joined together.

Dinosaurs died out suddenly about 65 million years ago. Some scientists think it
came after an unexpected incident when a huge rock from space hit the earth and put too much dust into the air.Others think the earth got too hot for the dinosaurs-to live on any more.Nobody knows for sure why and how dinosaurs disappeared from the earth in such a short time.

We know many other wild plants, animals,insects and birds have died out more
recently.According to a UN report,some 844 animals and plants have disappeared in the last 500 years.The dodo is one of them.It lived on the Island of Mauritius and was a very friendly-animal.Please listen to a story of the dodo and how it disappeared frome the earth. 动物灭绝 在地球漫长的历史中许多动物都消失了。其中最有名的动物是恐龙。他们几千万年前
生活在地球上,远远早于人类的出现,在当时他们的未来似乎是安全的。有许多不同种类的 恐龙,并且大量的恐龙以前生活在中国。已经有 25 种恐龙蛋在河南省南阳市西峡县被发现 了。不久前一种稀有的像鸟类的恐龙在辽宁省朝阳县被发现。当科学家们考察了骨头,他们 惊讶地发现,这些恐龙不仅可以像其它类恐龙那样跑,而且也能爬树。他们是从骨头的连接 方式了解到一点的。

约 65 万年前恐龙突然灭绝了。一些科学家认为它是突然到来的,当时一块太空巨石撞

击了地球并扬起了太多灰尘遮蔽了天空。也有人认为地球变得太热以至于不再适于恐龙生 活。没有人确切知道为什么和怎样恐龙在这么短的时间从地球上突然消失。

在过去的 500 年大约 844 种动植物消失了。渡渡鸟是其中之一。它生活在毛里求斯岛,是一 个非常友好的动物。请听一个渡渡鸟故事,以及它是如何从地球上消失的。

THE BAND THAT WASN'T Have you ever wanted to be part of a band as a famous singer or musician? Have
you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which

everyone is clapping and appreciating your music? Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Lin Huan? To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous. But just how do people form a band?

Many musicians meet and form a band because they like to write and play their own
music. They may start as a group of high-school students, for whom practicing their music in someone’s hours is the first step to fame. Sometimes they may play to passers -by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments. Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash. Of course they hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become millionaires!

However, there was one band hat started in a different way. It was called the Monkees and-began as a TV show. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the beatles. The TV organizers had planned to find four musicians who could act as well as sing. They put an advertisement in a newspaper looking for rock musicians, but they could only find one who was good enough. They had to use actors for the other three members of the band.

As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to rely on other
musicians to help them. So during the broadcasts they just pretended to sing. Anyhow their performances were humorous enough to be copied by clubs in order to get more familiar with them. Each week on TV, the Mondees would play and sing songs written by other musicians. However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. Then they

produced their own records and started touring and play their own music. In the USA they became even more popular than the Beatles and sold even more records. The band broke up about 1970, but happily the reunited in the mid-1980s. they produced a new record in 1996, with which they celebrated their former time as a real band. 非乐队的乐队 你曾经想过要成为一个乐队里有名的歌手或音乐家吗?你是否曾梦想过在音乐会上面对
成千上万的观众演唱, 观众欣赏你的歌唱为你鼓掌吗?你唱卡拉 OK 时是否假装自己就是像 宋祖英或刘欢一样著名的歌星吗?说实在的,很多人把名和利看得很重。那么,人们又是怎 样一起组成乐队的呢?

能是一组中学生, 在某个人家里排练音乐是成名的第一步。 有时他们可能在街上或地铁里为 过路人演奏,这样他们可以为自己或自己要买的乐器多挣一些钱。后来,他们可能在酒吧或 者俱乐部里演出,这样他们可以得到现金。当然,他们希望在录音棚里录音,然后卖掉上百 万张碟,从而成为百万富翁。

节目表演的形式出现的。组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐,还彼此打趣都笑。这些玩笑和音乐大 多都在模仿“甲壳虫”乐队。电视制作人原计划想寻找四位会唱又会表演的乐手。他们在报纸 上登了一则广告,想招摇滚乐手,但他们只招到一个满意的。乐队的其他三人只能用演员来 代替。

因为这些演员中有些人唱得不是很好, 他们不得不依靠队里的其他人帮助。 所以在演出的
时候他们只是假唱。不管怎样,他们的表演非常幽默以至于其他的乐队也开始模仿。他们非 常走红使得歌迷们为了更加熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。 门基乐队每个星期都要在电视上演唱 由别的音乐家创作的歌曲。 然而, 经过大约一年以后, 门基乐队逐渐对自己的工作认真起来, 他们开始像一支真正的乐队那样演唱自己创作的歌曲。 然后他们录制自己的唱片, 并且开始 巡回表演他们自己的音乐。在美国,他们甚至比“甲壳虫”乐队还要受欢迎,出售的录音专辑 还要多。“门基乐队”大约在 1970 年左右解散,但是令人高兴的是,到 80 年代中期他们再次 聚首。在 1996 年,他们推出了一张新的专辑,像真正的乐 队一样以此来庆祝他们以往的时光。

FREDDY THE FROG(II) Not long after Freddy and the band became famous,they visited Britain on a brief
tour.Fans showed their devotion by waiting for hours to get tichkets for their concerts.Freddy was now quite confident when he went into a concert hall.He enjoyed singing and all the congratulations-afterwards!His most exciting invitation was to perform on a programme called "Top of the-Pops."He had to go to London,wear an expensive suit and give a performance to a TV camera.It felt very strange.But as soon as the programme was over,the telephones which were in the same room started ringing.Everybody was asking when they could see Freddy and his band again. They were truly stars.

Then things went wrong.Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without
being-followed.Even when they wore sunglasses or beards people recognized them. Fans found them even when they went into the toilet.They tried to hide in the reading rooms of libraries,but it was-useless.Someone was always there!Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them but talked as if they were close friends. At last feeling very upset and-sensitive,Freddy and his band to which they were never to return,and went back to the lake.

唱会的票等了几小时.现在当弗雷迪一走进礼堂时就觉得很自信,他爱好唱歌及接下来的喝 彩!他最冲动的一次邀请是在一个叫“风行之颠”的节目里唱歌.那时他要去伦敦,穿贵西服在 摄影机前表演.那让人感到很奇怪,但节目一完,房里电话响了,人人都问何时再与弗雷迪和乐 队见面,他们真成明星了。

人也能认出他们他们就是去厕所也会被歌迷发明.他们想藏在图书馆阅览室也没用,那里总有 人!他们的隐私常被陌生人谈论,但谈论起来好像他们是好朋友一样.弗雷迪和他的乐队终于 明白,他们应在还未觉得太痛苦之前就离开英国.所以他们离开英国再也不想回来又回到湖里



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