河北省邯郸市临漳一中 2012 届高三春季开学摸底考试试卷英语试题
说明：1．考试时间 120 分钟，满分 150 分。 2．将卷Ⅰ答案用 2B 铅笔涂在答题卡上,卷Ⅱ用蓝黑钢笔或圆珠笔答在试卷上.。
第Ⅰ卷 (选择题 共 115 分) 选择题
第一部分 听力（总分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. When does the woman want to talk about the report？ A. When the lunch is over. 2. What does the man mean？ A. He’s glad he called the doctor. B. He makes a mistake about the date of the appointment． C. He wants to change the appointment． 3. When can the woman get her car? A. At 5 pm. 4. Why is the woman worried？ A. The man is eating too much. B. She forgot the man’s birthday. 5. Where does the man want to go？ A. Chicago. B. Phoenix. C. New York. C. The food is too expensive. B. At 12 pm. C. At 2 pm. B. During the lunch. C. In a few days.
第二节（共 15 小题每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每 小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. Where is the woman going？ A. New York. A. Fifty dollars. B. Boston. B. Fifteen dollars. C. Not mentioned. C. Less than 30 dollars. C. The ticket is too expensive. 7. How much is the late train to New York？ 8. What does the woman think of the first train？ A. It will leave the next morning. B. It will arrive too late. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. What most probably is the woman？ A. She is a lover of exhibitions. A. A painting exhibition. B. She is a news reporter. B. An exhibition of clothes. C. She is a businesswoman. C. A photography exhibition. C. From different countries. 10. What exhibition is going to be held？ 11. Where are the things exhibited from？ A. Just from their own country. B. From the art gallery. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What is the main reason why Monica enjoys her new job？ A. She doesn’t need to pay for the trip.
B. She can get the chance to practise Spanish. C. She can bathe in the sun. 13. What is the most probable relationship between the two speakers？ A. Strangers. A. In about a week． B. When she has made good preparations. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 16 题。 15. What’s Betty’s problem？ A. What kind of college to choose. B. What kind of job to choose. 16. Why does Mr. Black suggest an arts college？ A. Because students don’t have to pay. B. Because students study all the subjects. C. Because students are free to choose a major. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. According to the passage，which is the best choice for a holiday？ A. Europe. A. Very unfriendly. A. Running. A. Listening to the music. B. Comfortable hotels. B. Very understanding. B. Riding. B. Going to the movies. C. Switzerland. C. Very friendly. C. Hunting. C. Sailing. 18. What are the people in Switzerland like according to this passage？ 19. Which of the following is mentioned as outdoor sports activities？ 20. What do Swiss people like to do in the evening？ C. Which hospital to choose. C. Whenever she wants to leave. B. Workmates. C. Sister and brother. 14. When will Monica probably leave for her new job？
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单选填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、Ｂ、Ｃ、Ｄ四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 21. —Have you finished reading _____ interesting story? —Yes. It is worth reading _____ second time. A. the; a —_____. A. That’s very nice of you C. You can, please A. fixing handbag? A. that B. where C. in that D. at where 25. —How long ______ in Tangshan? —For just the weekend. I was back shortly after the meeting. A. did you stay A. When left B. have you stayed B. Leaving C. were you staying C. If you leave D. are you staying D. Leave 26. _____ it to me and I’ll see what I can do. B. fixed B. With pleasure D. Thank you for the tea C. to be fixing D. to be fixed B. an; the C. the; the D. an; a 22. —Can I get you a cup of tea?
23. The girl sat there quite silent and still with her eyes _____ on the wall. 24. Could it be in the restaurant ______ you had dinner with me yesterday that you lost your
27. A large sum of money has been raised for the ______of the poorly-educated children in the mountainous areas. A. benefit B. favor C. advantage D. profit 28. To the great disappointment of the poor peasant workers, a great part of their salaries were ______ by the boss for no right reason. A. kept away B. kept off C. kept back D. kept up 29. — Why didn’t you ring me up? — I would have, but I______ your telephone number. A. have forgotten be winners. A. can A. pretending; seated B. shall B. pretended; seated C. must C. pretending; seat D. would D. pretended; seating 31. The detective, _______ to be reading a newspaper, glanced at the man ______ next to a woman. 32. —They don’t have much in their house yet. —______they’re planning to live here only until Bob gets his degree, they don’t want to buy much furniture. A. Although B. While C. Since D. As long as 33. — Has Ingrid handed in her paper yet? — I’m not sure. She ______ on it last week. A. was working B. has worked C. worked D. had worked 34. — Can you help me to repair the motor now? — Sorry. I’m too busy and haven’t a minute to _______. A. lose B. save C. waste D. spare 35. ______about the present economic crisis that he decided to look for more information about it. A. So curious he was C. Such curious he was B. So curious was he D. Such curious was he B. would have lost C. forgot D. had lost 30. Facts prove that the world’s economic development is not a win-lose game but one in which all
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Lewis Lawes became the warden（典狱长）at Sing Sing Prison, which is the toughest one during that time. But when Warden Lawes retired 20 years later, that prison had 36 humanitarian（人道 主义） institution. When he was praised for this, he said: “I 37 it all to my wonderful wife, Catherine, who is buried outside the prison walls.” Catherine Lawes was a young mother with three small children 38 her husband became the warden. Everybody warned her that she should never 39 foot inside the prison walls, 40 that didn’t stop Catherine! When the first prison basketball game was held, she went into the gym with her three 41 and she sat in the stands with the prisoners. Her attitude was: “My husband is going to take care of these men and I believe they will take care of me! I needn’t 42 !” She 43 on getting acquainted with them and their records． discovered one murderer was She 44 so she paid him a visit. 45 his hand in hers she said, “Do you read Braille (盲文)?” “What’s Braille?” he asked. Then she taught him how to read. 46 , Catherine found a deaf-mute （聋哑人） in prison. She went to school to learn how to use 47 language. Many said that Catherine was the body of Jesus that came 48 again. Then, she was killed in an accident. The next morning Lewis Lawes didn’t come to work, so the acting (代理的)warden took his place. 49 seemed almost instantly that the prison knew something was wrong. The following day, her body was 50 in her home, three-quarters of a mile from the prison. 51 the acting warden took his early morning walk, he was shocked to see a large crowd of 52 gathered like a herd of animals at the main gate. He came closer and 53 tears of
grief and sadness. He knew how much they loved Catherine. He turned and faced the men, “All right, men, you can go. Just be sure and 54 in tonight!” then he opened the gate and a parade of criminals walked, without a guard, the three-quarters of a mile to pay their final respects 55 Catherine Lawes. And every one of them checked back in. Every one! 36. A. become B. turned C. got D. changed 37. A. owe B. belong C. thank D. have 38. A. while B. until C. when D. since 39. A. admit B. set C. give D. enter 40. A. and B. however C. so D. but 41. A. kids B. sisters C. friends D. workmates 42. A. excite B. frighten C. worry D. hesitate 43. A. stuck B. resisted C. required D. insisted 44. A. deaf B. blind C. dull D. afraid 45. A. Raising B. Reaching C. Holding D. Seeing 46. A. Late B. Later C. After D. However 47. A. signal B. foreign C. sign D. first 48. A. alive B. awake C. lively D. living 49. A. That B. This C. It D. What 50. A. sitting B. putting C. laying D. resting 51. A. As B. Since C. With D. Although 52. A. students B. wardens C. criminals D. officials 53. A. noted B. heard C. felt D. filled 54. A. return B. stay C. check D. back 55. A. of B. with C. from D. to 第三部分：阅读理解（共两节；满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A WASHINGTON — It is announced Friday that White House visitor records will be opened up on a regular basis for the first time in modern history, providing the public an unusually detailed look at who gets the opportunity to help shape American policy at the highest levels. “Americans have a right to know whose voices are being heard in the policymaking process,” the president said in a written statement issued by the White House while he vacationed with his family at Camp David. By the end of the year, the White House will begin posting online every month the names of the people who visited in the last 90 to 120 days. Each person’s full name will be listed, along with the date and time they entered and left and the name of the person they visited. About 70,000 to 100,000 people visit the White House each month, and the records will include tourists as well as people conducting business. The White House pointed out several exceptions to the policy: “purely personal guests” of the Obama family; those cases in which the disclosure(透露) of visitors’ names “would threaten national safety interests”; and those who come for “particularly sensitive meetings,” like candidates for a Supreme Court nomination(提名). Officials said only a “small number” will fit in the latter category, and their names would eventually be disclosed after they are no longer secret, like after a nomination is publicly announced. Moreover, they said, the number of undisclosed visitors will be disclosed, to make clear how few they are. 56. Why will the White House visitor records be open to the public? A. To attract more visitors to the White House. B. To allow people to know more about the life of the Obama family. C. To let the public know who are influencing the policies. D. To ask the public help correct the policies made by the government.
57. From the passage we can learn that ________. A. All the visitors’ names will be posted online soon after their visits B. Not all visitors are allowed to visit the White House C. Some visitors’ names can be found online until they’re not secret D. The records of the visitors will be kept for at least 4 months 58. According to the passage, whose name might be kept secret for some time? A. A tourist. B. A businessman. C. A foreign student. D. A foreign minister. 59. What’ s the main idea of the passage? A. The White House will open the records of the visitors to the public. B. In America more and more people are becoming policy makers. C. The Americans have a right to know who are making policies. D. President Obama has announced a new policy while on holiday. B Mr. Peter Johnson, aged twenty-three, battled for half an hour to escape from his trapped car yesterday when it landed upside down in three feet of water. Mr. Johnson took the only escape route—through the boot(行李箱). Mr. Johnson’s car had finished up in a ditch(沟渠) at Romney Marsin, Kent after skidding on ice and hitting a bank. “Fortunately, the water began to come in only slowly,” Mr. Johnson said. “I couldn’t force the doors because they were jammed against the walls of the ditch and dared not open the windows because I knew water would come flooding in.” Mr. Johnson, a sweet salesman of Sitting Home, Kent, first tried to attract the attention of other motorists by sounding the horn and hammering on the roof and boot. Then he began his struggle to escape. Later he said, “It was really a half penny that saved my life. It was the only coin I had in my pocket and I used it to unscrew the back seat to get into the boot. I hammered desperately with a hammer trying to make someone hear, but no help came.” It took ten minutes to unscrew the seat, and a further five minutes to clear the sweet samples from the boot. Then Mr. Johnson found a wrench(扳子) and began to work on the boot lock. Fifteen minutes passed by. “It was the only chance I had. Finally it gave, but as soon as I moved the boot lid, the water and mud poured in. I forced the lid down into the mud and scrambled clear as the car filled up.” His hands and arms cut and bruised(擦伤), Mr. Johnson got to Beckett Farm nearby, where he was looked after by the farmer’s wife, Mrs. Lucy Bates. Huddled in a blanket, he said, “That thirty minutes seemed like hours.” Only the tips of the car wheels were visible, police said last night. The vehicle had sunk into two feet of mud at the bottom of the ditch. 60. What is the best title for this newspaper article? A. The Story of Mr. Johnson, A Sweet Salesman B. Car Boot Can Serve As The Best Escape Route C. Driver Escapes Through Car Boot D. The Driver Survived A Terrible Car Accident 61. Which of the following objects is the most important to Mr. Johnson? A. The hammer B. The coin. C. The screw. D. The horn. 62. “Finally it gave” (Paragraph 5) means that ________. A. Luckily the door was torn away in the end C. The lock came open after all his efforts B. At last the wrench went broken D. The chance was lost at the last minute
63. It may be inferred from the passage that ________. A. the ditch was along a quiet country road B. the accident happened on a clear warm day C. the police helped Mr. Johnson get out of the ditch D. Mr. Johnson had a tender wife and was well attended C Interest in pursuing international careers has risen in recent years, as a result of chronic (长久的 ) personnel shortages that are causing companies to search beyond their home borders for talent. Professionals seek career experience outside of their home countries for a variety of reasons. They may feel the need to recharge their batteries with a new challenge. They may want a position with more responsibility that encourages creativity and initiative. Or they may wish to expose their children to another culture, and the opportunity to learn a second language. When applying for a job, one usually has to submit a resume or curriculum vitae (CV). The two terms generally mean the same thing: a one- or two-page document describing one’s educational qualifications and professional experience. However, guidelines for preparing a resume are constantly changing. The best advice is to find out what is appropriate regarding the corporate (公司) culture, the country culture, and the culture of the person making the hiring decision. The challenge will be to embrace two or more cultures in one document. The following list is a good place to start. ● Educational requirements differ from country to country. In almost every case of “cross-border” job hunting, just stating the title of your degree will not be an adequate description. Provide the reader with details about your studies and any related experience. ● Pay attention to the resume format you use chronological or reverse-chronological order. Chronological order means listing your “oldest” work experience first. Reverse-chronological order means listing your current or most recent experience first. Most countries have preferences about which format is most acceptable. If you find no specific guidelines, the general preference is for the reverse-chronological format. ● If you are submitting your resume in English, find out if the recipient （收件人) uses British English or American English because there are variations between the two versions. For example, university education is often referred to as “tertiary education” in the United Kingdom, but this term is almost never used in the United States. A reader who is unfamiliar with these variations may assume that your resume contains errors. 64. Companies are hiring more foreign employees because _______ . A. they find foreign employees are usually more talented B. they need original ideas from employees hired overseas C. they want to expand their business beyond home borders D. they have difficulty finding qualified personnel at home 65. The author believes that an individual who applies to work overseas _______ . A. is usually creative and full of initiative B. aims to improve his foreign language skills C. is dissatisfied with his own life at home D. seeks either his own or his children’s development 66. When it comes to resume writing, it is best to _______ . A. take cultural factors into consideration B. learn about the company’s hiring process
C. follow appropriate guidelines for job hunting D. know the employer’s personal likes and dislikes 67. According to the author’s last piece of advice, the applicants should be aware of _______ . A. the different educational systems in the US and the UK B. the differences between the varieties of English C. the recipient’s preference with regard to the format D. the distinctive characteristics of American and British cultures D Psychiatrists (精神病专家) who work with older parents say that maturity can be an asset in child raising—older parents are more thoughtful, use less physical discipline and spend more time with their children. But raising kids takes money and energy. Many older parents find themselves balancing their limited financial resources, declining energy and failing health against the growing demands of an active child. Dying and leaving young children is probably the older parents’ biggest, and often unspoken, fear. Having late-life children, says an economics professor, often means parents, particularly fathers, “end up retiring much later.” For many, retirement becomes an unobtainable dream. Henry Metcalf a 54-year-old journalist, knows it takes money to raise kids. But he’s also worried that his energy will give out first. Sure, he can still ride bikes with his athletic fifth grader, but he’s learned that young at heart doesn’t mean young. Lately he’s been taking afternoon naps (午睡) to keep up his energy. “My body is aging,” says Metcalf. “You can’t get away from that.” Often, older parents hear the ticking of another kind of biological clock. Therapists who work with middle-aged and older parents say fears about aging are nothing to laugh at. “They worry they’ll be mistaken for grandparents, or that they’ll need help getting up out of those little chairs in nursery school,” says Joann Galst, a New York psychologist. But at the core of those little fears there is often a much bigger one: “that they won’t be alive long enough to support and protect their child,” she says. Many late-life parents, though, say their children came at just the right time. After marrying late and undergoing years of fertilily (受孕) treatment, Marilyn Nolen and her husband, Randy, had twins. “We both wanted children,” says Marilyn, who was 55 when she gave birth. The twins have given the couple what they desired for years, “a sense of family.” Kids of older dads are often smarter, happier and more sociable because their fathers are more involved in their lives. “The dads are older, more mature,” says Dr. Silber, “and more ready to focus on parenting.” 68. What does the author mean by saying “For many, retirement becomes an unobtainable dream” （Paragraph 1）? A. They are reluctant to retire when they reach their retirement age. B. They can’t obtain the retirement benefits they have dreamed of. C. They can’t get full pension unless they work some extra years. D. They have to go on working beyond their retirement age. 69. The author gives the example of Henry Metcalf to show that ________ . A. older parents should exercise more to keep up with their athletic children B. many people are young in spirit despite their advanced age C. older parents tend to be concerned about their aging bodies D. taking afternoon naps is a good way to regain energy 70. What’s the biggest fear of older parents according to New York psychologist Joan Galst? A. Approaching of death. B. Slowing down of their pace of life.
C. Being laughed at by other people.
D. Being mistaken for grandparents.
第二节(共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。注 意：涂卡时，如答题卡上没有 E、F、G 选项，请按如下方式填涂：选 E 涂 AB；选 F 涂 BC；选 G 涂 CD。 Many people think of guys as being carefree when it comes to their appearance. But in fact, a lot of guys spend plenty of time in front of the mirror. They care just as much as girls do about their body image. Body image is a person’s opinions and feelings about his or her own body and physical appearance. 72 71 . You appreciate your body for its capabilities and accept its imperfections. . Here are some ideas:
Recognize your strengths. Different body types are good for different things. What does your body do well? Maybe your speed, strength, or coordination makes you better than others at a certain sport. That may be basketball, table tennis, mountain biking, dancing, or even running. Or perhaps you have non-sports skills, like drawing, painting, singing, playing a musical instrument, writing, or acting. 73 . 74 . A healthy habit can be as simple as exercising 20 minutes to 1 hour Exercise regularly. Exercise can help you look good and feel good about yourself. Good physiques (体型) don’t just happen. three days a week. Working out can also lift your spirits. Respect your body! Practising good habits—regular showering; taking care of your teeth, hair, and skin; wearing clean cloths and so on—can help you build a positive body image. 75 . Your body is just one part of who you are. Your talent for comedy, a quick wit (智慧), and all the other things make you unique. So try not to let small imperfections take over. A. Use this as an opportunity to discover what you’re good at. B. C. E. F. Be yourself. Having a positive body image means feeling satisfied with the way you look. They take hard work, regular workouts, and a healthy diet. The good news is that self-image and body image can be changed. 第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题 非选择题 第四部分 写作(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节：短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 l0 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有l0 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改l0处，多者(从第11处起)不计分。 共 35 分)
D. Just explore talents that you feel good about.
G. So, what can you do to develop a positive body image?
Though great progress has made in science these years, there are still many people lived in poor conditions. They make their living by collecting and selling used thing. Their children cannot go to school because they have not enough money to send their children to there. Why you think so many people still suffer from poverty now? The answer lies on the population explosion. A president of a developing country once said: “It is us who are to blame for the poverty because we used to produce child without limit.” Although these few words sound simple enough, but they have clear pointed out one of the causes of the population explosion.
第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 作为中学生，你肯定经历过多次考试，体验过成功，也遭遇过失败。请你根据提示内容， 简要概述中学生中普遍存在的对考试失败的两种态度，并结合自身实际，说明你的观点。 消极态度 当考试结果不尽人意时，情绪低落，丧 失信心，不再继续努力。 要求： （1）题目自拟； （2）词数：100-120。 积极态度 考试失败是 …… …… 你的结论
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书面表达： 书面表达： Failure is the mother of success We middle school students have had many tests or exams. We have both achieved success and suffered from failure. Different students take different attitudes to failure. Some fall in low spirits when they don’t do well in the exams. They usually lose heart and no longer study as hard as before. But most students take an active attitude towards failure. They encourage themselves to be self-confident. They found out and analyze the causes so that they will no longer make similar mistakes. I agree with those with active attitudes. As we all know, failure is the mother of success. Even great men have failed many times before they succeeded. So we must deal with our failure properly.
附听力原稿： Text 1 M：We need to discuss our report sometime in the next few days． W：Fine．How about at the time when we have lunch today？ Text 2 M：Hello！ W：Hello，this is Dr Green’s office．We are calling to remind you of your 3：45 appointment for your check-up today． M：Oh，thanks．It’s really nice of you to call me．I thought it would be 3：45 tomorrow. Text 3 W：When will my bicycle be fixed？
M：Well，it’ s noon by my watch．I think I can have it done in a couple of hours． Text 4 W: You’re not going to eat that huge piece of pie, are you? M: Why not? W: You’ve just had a big dinner! How can you eat so much? It isn’t good for you. M: Come on, Catherine. Give me a break. I just have a big appetite. Text 5 W: You can change planes in either Chicago or Denver. M: You mean there’ s no direct flight from New York to Phoenix? Text 6 M: Next, please. W: Yes. How much does a ticket to New York cost? M: Fifty dollars. W: That’s really expensive. Are there any other trains going to New York? M: Well, there is a late train that arrives in New York at midnight and then continues on to Boston the next morning. W: How much is that? M: It’s only half that of the first one. W: That sounds better. I’d like one, please. M: Twenty-five dollars exactly. W: Yes. M: Thank you and have a nice trip. Text 7 W: Good morning, Mr. White. I wonder if you could spare a few minutes. I’d like to ask you a few questions. M: Well, I can spare you a few minutes, but I’m very busy preparing for our exhibition, you know. W: Just a few questions. Where is it going to be held? M: It’s going to be held in the art gallery. W: Who is opening it? M: It’ s going to be opened by Mr. Smith. W: It’ s quite a big exhibition, isn’t it? M: Quite big. Some very famous paintings will be shown. W: I believe they’ re sent from different countries, aren’t they? M: Yes, that’ s right. Quite an international event for our town. W: Well, thank you, Mr. White. May I wish every success with the exhibition M: Thank you. Text 8 W: Have you heard that our boss wants Monica to accept a six-week job in Acapulco? M: She’ll really like that, especially since all of her costs will be paid and she can practise her Spanish, too. W: Yes, but most of all, she’ ll get to spend her free time bathing in the sun on those lovely beaches. M: When will she be leaving?
W: Since she doesn’t need a passport, it’ ll probably be in about a week. M: That doesn’t give her much time to get organized. Text 9 M: Betty, have you decided what kind of college you are going to apply to? W: Not yet, Mr. Black. My father wants me to go to business school but my mother wants me to go to medical school. What do you think`? M: That is the question I want to ask you. What’s your own opinion?