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2012雅思作文范文


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2012 雅思作文范文
v105 some people claim that the disadvantages of the car are more than the advantages, do you agree or disagree?

范文 1 the birth of cars have made an enormous change to our life.in the past,we trave l from one place to another only by foot,nowaday,cars can do it .its goes withou r saying that the invention of cars bring great benefit to all of us.but as prov erb goes:no garden without weeds.car is not exception. owing a car has a lot of advantages.for one thing,car provide us the most convie nt way of transportation.we can get around freely without spenting a lot of time. emotionally,i always found driving is so exciting.for another,its the comfortabl e to drive a car.In winter.drivers always can stay warm and dry even in rainy wh ether,in addition,drivers are usually safe in their cars when they are out at ni ght. Cars bring the human merits,their side-effects graudually come to the surface.fi rstly,to run a car need a lot of oil,which is getting less and less.the increasi ng number of cars contribute the lacking of energy.secondlly,as more and more c ars are used,the traffic ecpecially in big cities is getting heaver and heavier, which lead to the serious social problem--traffic jam.in addition,the inceasin g numbers of cars ,which excaust sent a huge quantities of carbon monoxide int o atmosphere.it make the air of cities unbreathabe,it strip people contact wit h frensh air. therefore,the new energy should be explored to replace the oil so that our envio nmental pollution can be avioded .and the strick law should be issued to keep th e numbers of cars under control.thus,our heavier traffic can be solluted!

范文 2

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Private cars vs Public traffic As traffic problems become more and more serious in many cities of developed an d developing countries, their governments have to try hard and loads of money an d energy have been spent to deal with them. Firstly, it is not efficient for the commuters to use their private cars to an d back from their workplaces. Occasionally we can see they have to sit on the wh eels wasting time and fuel in a heavy traffic jam. At the same time, through bur ning the fossil fuels, green house gas CO2, CO1, acid rain gas SO2, fumes and du sts are being released into the atmosphere, all of which heavily overload the en vironment. Thirdly, with the increase of private cars, the road traffic accident s are also rise dramatically. For example, in a city with 5000 cars, there wil l be at least 250 accidents happening everyday, which also burden the public hea lthy services. On the contrary, expected public traffic may be an ideal solution to these probl ems. For example city buses and railways are widely used or being constructed b y many cities. People can take buses easily, which can be found every 10 minute s or less in the peak time. Actually, Nottingham Transport Company is building i ts own light railway in the city, which is announced by the speak man of the com pany, “It will be completed in the next year, the tickets will be very competit ive and at the same time the travel will be very safe and comfortable.” On the other hand, public traffic had its own disadvantages. Usually it cannot p rovide door-to-door service. It is inconvenient to go shopping by public vehicle s. Sometimes you must wait a long time for the train. And quite a lot of peopl e prefer to enjoy driving. In conclusion, developing the public traffic is a useful approach to deal with t hese difficulties. One possible way, if not the best, is to taxi private cars he avily and use these revenues to provide citizens cheaper public traffic services. 范文 3 With the development of science and technology, the cars have already become th e important component in our daily life gradually. Cars make our life convenien
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t and swift. However, too many cars have caused very serious social problems. So me people claim that the disadvantages of car are more than the advantages. I do ubt whether the argument can bear much analysis. Since one century [ago], the auto industry has [been] developed at full speed wo rldwide, and has brought the enormous progresses to our life. For example, the c ar is the most convenient tool of transportation. We can [be] on and off duty b y car every day, we can go to travel by car on the vacation, we can utilize th e cars to deal with some emergency too. The car [is] playing an important role i n our daily life. They make our rhythm of life faster and faster, make our busin ess become more and more efficient. On the other hand, the development of the automobile has brought a lot of infan t industry to people, Give people countless employment opportunities too. Such a s, manufacturing industry, repairing industry and maintaining industry. We are e njoying the convenience that the cars bring to us; at the same time we can utili ze the auto industry to support ourselves.However, we can not ignore that too ma ny cars cause enormous social problems, for example, traffic jam, air pollutio n, traffic accident, to which we have to find a solution. In a word, the cars have brought enormous change to our life; the advantages ar e far more than the disadvantages. We should recognize the merit of the cars, an d do our best to solve the problems. If so, our life will be brighter. Version 00106 范文 1 Nowhere in the world has the issue of tobacco been so much debated as in our society. Nowadays, tobacco is more harmful than drug to people’s health, therefore many people think that smoking is legal that is a direct and primary reason to induce this kind of problem. The above point is certainly true; this essay will outline three reasons. The main reason is that tobacco is a silent killer to smokers. Tobacco is known to be the probable cause of some 25 different diseases, and for some, such as lung cancer, bronchitis and emphysema, it is the main cause. According to a WHO report four million people die yearly from tobacco-relate d diseases, that is one death every eight seconds. Tobacco is significantly becoming a greater cause of death and disability than any other single cause.
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Another reason is that more and more young people are under 18 years old who smo ke cigarette have been blinded by the deceit of tobacconists. Tobacco among adol escents remains stubbornly persistent. Smoking among adolescents rose in the 199 0s in several developed countries, such as China,Vietnam and Thailand . While n ew markets are being opened by the tobacco industry actions, old markets have no t been closed. Tobacco is a global threat. Last but not the least reason is the increase in cigarette smuggling. Because of tobacco smuggling, the legal retailing and distribution systems are badly affected, and faced with increased lawlessness and heavy tax losses. This be havior severely affects the economy. In conclusion, the tobacco should be considered illegal. Perhaps a pack of cigarettes is less harmful than another drug, but tobacco is actually the biggest killer of all the drugs. ================================================= 范文 2 Advertisements of tobacco and those of “smoking is harmful”are often seen together. But there has been an on-going argument about whether or not tobacco should be forbidden and made illegal. I have always believed that smoking should be illegal for the following reasons. First, smoking does great harm to human health and causes many diseases. It is reported that more than 70% of lung cancer sufferers are smokers, and the average life-span of smokers is seven years less than that of nonsmokers. Moreover, it hurts not only smokers, but also the ones around the smokers. Many researchers claim that breathing “second-hand smoke” may be even more harmful than smoking. Second, many social problems and disasters can be attributed to smoking. For instance, many wives cannot bear their husbands’ smoking all the time, which causes many quarrels, or even divorces. Furthermore, the biggest fire disaster in China, the Daxinganling fire disaster, was caused by a burning cigarette end, and the cost of the resulting loss was unimaginable. Last, smoking tobaccos is a main source of air pollution.A magazine said that for every cigarette smoked each day,a whole tree is needed to clean the air.
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In other words, smoking one less cigar every day equals planting a tree. It is a brilliant contribution to the earth we are living on. In a word, all the above demonstrate that smoking harms yourselves as well as your neighbors, pollutes the air we ourselves are breathing, and even agitates the social peace. So, in my opinion, tobacco should be strictly forbidden, and smoking should be made illegal. 范文 3 there has long been controversy over the legality and apparent acceptance of tob acco in society .some hold that cigarettes and other tobacco containing product s should be banned, that is, treated as narcotics.personally,i agree with this p oint of view for the following reasons: although cigarettes do not offer as intense an effect as drugs like heroin and c ocaine,they rank higher in the level of dependence it creates in the user.thousa nds of smokers try to rid themselves of cigarettes but cannot,because of the phy siological dependence they developed,chiefly imputable to its chemical nicotine. this explains why smokers continue their habit despite the numerous health warni ngs. furthermore,medical science has now proved beyond a doubt that smoking kill s.with all the other causes of preventable deaths such as alcohol,illegal drugs, aids,suicide,road accidents,fire,and guns,cigarettes still account for more prev entable deaths than all of those combined. more disturbingly,whilst the use of heroin is dangerous solely to the users,th e use of tobacco endangers those who are in their vicinity as well. this phenome non, known as passive smoking, nulls the counter-argument that putting one's ow n health at risk through smoking should be up to one's own individual choice.rep orts have shown that the amount of second-hand smoke inhaled by a typical nonsmo ker is equivalent to one cigarette smoked per day,and what is more,passive smoki ng can increase a nonsmoker's chance of getting cancer by ten to thirty two pe r cent. there are those who will say that the black market created by outlawing tobacc o will produce deadlier cigarettes because the product standards of the bootlegg ers are not as high.however,we should all bear in mind that legal cigarettes cau se roughly four hundred thousand deaths a year.it is hard to imagine the limite
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d distribution provided by the criminal underworld could compete with this tragi c figure. to sum up, the harm visited upon our society by tobacco usage is substantial.the re will be no solution other than to control tobacco much in the same way that t he government now controls drugs which could allow people to remain attentive t o the seriousness of the effects of these substances,and hopefully to prohibit t heir usage. 范文 4 Apparently, it would seem that tobacco is totally different substance from drug s, and it can be used freedom by public. In fact, however, our authority shoul d make tobacco illegal as well as drugs, and using of tobacco should be controll ed strictly. Tobacco only can be used for research and medical purpose. As far as I am concer ned, as a kind of dope, tobacco has been widely used to help patients alleviat e their pain in surgery. At the same time, ordinary people should not be allowe d to access it legally for two main reasons. Among countless factors which influence my inclination, there is a most conspicu ous one: it is harmful that smokers addict to tobacco. Many decades ago, scienti sts have already found that there is a definite link between smoking and bronchi al troubles, cardiac disease and lung cancer. More seriously, it not only has ne gative influence for smokers, but others living or working in same surroundin g, even the next generation of a smoking pregnant women may be harmed by so-call ed “second hand smoking” Research shows that sometimes “second hand smoking” i . s more dangerous than smoking directly, because, at least smokers can get the pr otection from filter tips to some extent. Thus, compared to the hazard of drug s, tobacco can involve more other innocent people and harm their health unknowin gly. The second aspect relates to the problem that our natural resources and money ar e wasted senselessly during the course of planting, transporting and manufacturi ng tobacco. In light of a statistics, China consumes nearly 1,000 tons of wood f ibers to produce cigarettes annually. Besides, the investment absorbed by tobacc o manufacturers every year, is enough to solve all financial troubles that highe
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r education have to face. Obviously, if tobacco is banned by our governments, i t means that considerable money will be saved. In summary, judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely arrive at the c onclusion that tobacco should be forbidden as well as drugs except for a few spe cial purposes, such as research and medicine. 补充 With the development of society, our life and working pressure are greater and g reater. In this way, a lot of people have become smokers. Tobacco, as a kind o f drugs, prevails in the society. Some people hold the opinion that tobacco shou ld be given freedom be use, but others, in contrast, deem it should be made ille gal as the same way as other drugs and that is also my point. Medical science proves that smoking can cause the heart diseases, lung cancer, a nd the immune system diseases. These diseases are all mankind's healthy enemie s. The statistics have showed that people who die of the lung cancer, over 90% a re smokers. In these smokers, 85% are chain smoker. So, obviously, there is enor mous danger to the human health in smoking. In addition, smoking not only dangerous to smoker, but also do harm to people a t smoker's side. The tobacco contains a large number of noxious substances, suc h as nicotine. Just as a famous physician says, smoking is equivalent to commi t suicide chronically. However, the cigarette can really relax our nervous nerve, within short time. Pe ople, especially, who have heavy working pressure, are prone to produce sense o f relying on to cigarette. Moreover, as everyone knows, a lot of countries impos e the heavy taxation to tobacco manufacturer and seller, thus, if the tobacco bu siness is considered as the illegal activities, the revenues of the country wil l be reduced correspondingly. In a word, the danger to people of cigarette is obvious. Though it can help us f lee away from pressure, this to use health as cost. Our government should forbi d the production of the tobacco, make our world fresh and nonpoisonous.

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With the development of society, our life and working pressure are [getting] gre ater and greater. In this way, a lot of people have become smokers. Tobacco, as a kind of drugs, p revails in the society. Some people hold the opinion that tobacco should be give n freedom [to] be [used, but others, in contrast, deem [that] it should be mad e [as] illegal as the same way as other drugs and that is also my point. Medical science proves that smoking can cause the heart diseases, lung cancer, a nd the immune system diseases. [all of these diseases are enemies of mankind's h ealthy] . The statistics have showed that people who die of the lung cancer, ove r 90%, are smokers. [Among] these smokers, 85% are chain smokers. So, obviousl y, there is enormous danger to the human health in smoking. In addition, smoking not only dangerous to smokers, but also [does] harm to peop le at smoker's side. The tobacco contains a large number of noxious substance s, such as nicotine. Just as a famous physician says, smoking is equivalent to c ommit suicide chronically. However, the cigarette can really relax our nervous nerve, within short time. Pe ople, especially, who have heavy working pressure, are prone to produce sense o f relying on to cigarette. Moreover, as everyone knows, a lot of countries impos e the heavy taxation to tobacco manufacturer and seller, thus, if the tobacco bu siness is considered as the illegal activities, the revenues of the country wil l be reduced correspondingly. To sum up, the danger to people of cigarette is obvious. Though it can help us f lee away from pressure, this to use health as cost. Our government should forbi d the production of the tobacco, make our world fresh and nonpoisonous.

Although it is a freedom to use tobacco{烟草} while some people think it shoul d be made illegal as the same way as other drugs. To what extent do you agree o r disagree? What’s your opinion? A: Tobacco should be made illegal, I agree with this idea personally. I hope most d rugs can be made illegal, because, as far as I know, they are bad to our healt

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h. However, currently most countries still keep it free to use tobacco, and thi s situation seems to be very hard to change in a short time. From my own experience, using tobacco is not a good thing, especially using is f or a long time. It will lead to many kinds of diseases, more importantly, many o f them are fatale. One of my friends died from using too much tobacco, and it i s believed there are many more people like this. The other thing that I am conce rned of is, if a country doesn’ make using tobacco illegal, many young people w t ill have a chance to use it, i.e. students. It is very dangerous, because if som eone gets addicted to this when he is very young, he will then almost surely hav e a big health problem when he is old. I am happy to see that, although it is free to use tobacco in many countries, mo st of those countries still somehow try not to encourage people using it. For ex ample, tobacco advertisement is banned in many countries, and for many countrie s, smoking is banned in public places. Overall, most countries are trying to sto p the use of tobacco, though it will take sometime. In my opinion, it is essenti al to limit the use of tobacco, and I hope everyone doesn’t use. Version 00108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theaters and sports stadiums; they should spend more money on medical care and education. Agree or not agree? ================================================= 范文 1 Nowadays, the gap between the city and the countryside becomes more and more ove rt, which arouses colossal concerns. To understand the solution, let’s take a c loser look at the causes of the gap at first. The main reason of the gap is the unequal investment between city and rural are a. China is a typical example. While more and more money is being invested to th e coastal areas and big cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, the lack of invest ment barriers greatly the society development of rural area and western regions The low education level partly sharps the gap. There is no doubt that the prim e force of productivity is education. However, because of poverty, thousands o f people go to work without graduating from primary school. The poorer, the fe
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w children go to school. This bad cycle finally leads to the dream of rich becom ing a dream that is hard to realize. Moreover, the rural area is short of people with high quality. A survey proved t hat most of university students, whether they come from city or countryside, cho ose big cities instead of poor areas to work. The rural area can neither adept t alent man nor attract talent man. No wonder the gap is increasing largely. Hence, The government ought to knock itself out to decrease the gap as soon as p ossible. First, balance the investment between city and rural area. In additio n, the education level should be improved, especially pay attention on raising h igh quality people. Besides, let more people realize the latent capacity of rura l area in order to attract talent and investment. The set up of CCTV channel12-w estern region channel is a good example. Only when the ways mentioned above are realized step by step, can the gap betwee n the cities and the countryside be bridged.

范文 2 Nowadays, many people argue against the government putting money on building theaters and sports stadiums. They have claimed that medical care and education would benefit the citizens and the country much more. However, I believe it is worth building more theaters and arenas. First, stadiums and arenas provide ideal places for people to have physical exercises and entertainment. After a whole week’s hardworking, people can enjoy a wonderful football game in the weekend, and refresh themselves with a good relaxation there. Moreover, the physical exercises are good for people’s health, which will ease the pressure of medical care. Second, theaters and museums can be used as base areas of culture and his tory education. The British Museum, which is the largest one in the world, provides visitors with knowledge about the world culture and the arts. The visitors to the museum are all overwhelmed by the magnificence of the cultural and historical displays featuring mankind’s achievements. In additio n, the performances shown in the theaters will also greatly enrich the lives o f citizens. People can enjoy ballet, symphony, and Peking Opera in a theater, which contain the soul of Chinese and western cultures. Third, running theaters and stadiums can earn much money.And this amount
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of money can do great contribution in other fields, including medical care, and education. After winning the Olympic 2008,Beijing made a plan to spend 160 billion RMB building an Olympic Village. This will surely attract many sports fans to China, which would be much rewarded, not only in economy but the whole society. You can tell form my commentary above,since building theaters and stadiums benefit not only individuals but also the state, it is very worthy of these expenses.And the government should speed up the pace of the constructions. 范文 3 An argument often heard these days is that whether or not the government shoul d put money on building theaters and stadiums. Some believe that instead of spen ding money on this area, Medical care and education, both of which are basic dev eloping factors of one country should be spent more money on. After weighting th e pros and cons, I disagree with this opinion. Firstly, theaters and stadiums are best choice for people relaxing. Most of work ers, especially white collar who often feel nervous after one day’ hard work, n s eed to relax both mentally and physically. Compared with staying at home, it i s much better way to stay in comfortable theater and listen to a wonderful conce rt. In addition, going to theaters and stadiums affect the same effect as educatio n and medical care. Having more chances to go to theaters can help them mold cha racter. There is no better way to keep healthy than doing proper sports in the d aily. In this way, the culture and health will be improved greatly, which play s the same role of education and medical care. Moreover, theaters and stadiums are basis essential facilities to a developed ci ty. Take holding an Olympic games as an example, it is no doubt it will take mil lions of money to build stadiums. Why the winner country is proud of that. Becau se this is a confirmation given by whole world. Of course I don’ mean that the more theaters and stadiums, the better society w t ill be, after all, nothing can take the important place of medical care and educ ation. In summary, the key point is to keep both of this two part developing. Only in t his way, can all people live better in future.

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V108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theaters and spo rts stadiums; they should spend more money on medical care and education. Agre e or not agree? Recently, a criticism often heard is that the government tends to put too much m oney on building theaters and sports stadiums. They maintain that medical care a nd education would benefit the citizens and the country much more. However, I ad vocate building more theaters and arenas. Numerous circumstances lead to the wor th of building theaters and arenas, but here are two main reasons: What strikes me most of all is that theaters and sports stadiums provide ideal p laces for people to build up a world of relaxation. After five days of hardworki ng, people can refresh themselves by taking physical exercises and enjoining a f ootball game there. Meanwhile, exercises is to health what water is to fish. Th e physical exercises can benefit people’s health, which will surely ease the pr essure of medical care. Moreover, it provides people a good opportunity to ente r into communion with each other, which will benefit people’s mental health. Beyond this, it is also of paramount importance to use theaters and museums as t he “social classroom” of culture and history education. The Sydney Opera Hous e, which is the mother and father of all modern landmark buildings, has come t o define not only a city, but also an entire nation and continent. The opera hou se shows the concept of modernism and the never properly finished inside provide s visitors with a story of its creator Jorn Utzon. In addition, the performance s which contain the soul of human civilization shown in the theaters will also g reatly enrich the lives of people from all over the world. Certainly, medical care and education both play dominant roles, but building the aters and sports stadiums will benefit not only the individual both mentally an d physically, but a nation and continent permanently V108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theaters and spo rts stadiums; they should spend more money on medical care and education. Agre e or not agree? Recently, a criticism often heard is that the government tends to put too much m
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oney on building theaters and sports stadiums. They maintain that medical care a nd education would benefit the citizens and the country much more. However, I ad vocate building more theaters and arenas. Numerous circumstances lead to the wor th of building theaters and arenas, but here are two main reasons: What strikes me most of all is that theaters and sports stadiums provide ideal p laces for people to build up a world of relaxation. After five days of hardworki ng, people can refresh themselves by taking physical exercises and enjoining a f ootball game there. Meanwhile, exercises is to health what water is to fish. Th e physical exercises can benefit people’s health, which will surely ease the pr essure of medical care. Moreover, it provides people a good opportunity to ente r into communion with each other, which will benefit people’s mental health. Beyond this, it is also of paramount importance to use theaters and museums as t he “social classroom” of culture and history education. The Sydney Opera Hous e, which is the mother and father of all modern landmark buildings, has come t o define not only a city, but also an entire nation and continent. The opera hou se shows the concept of modernism and the never properly finished inside provide s visitors with a story of its creator Jorn Utzon. In addition, the performance s which contain the soul of human civilization shown in the theaters will also g reatly enrich the lives of people from all over the world. Certainly, medical care and education both play dominant roles, but building the aters and sports stadiums will benefit not only the individual both mentally an d physically, but a nation and continent permanently V108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theatres and spo rts stadiums, they should spend more money on medical care and education. Agre e or not agree? Government, as the controller of the macroeconomy, usually put large amount of m oney on building theatres and sports stadiums to stimulate the consumption. or government to catch the economy’ fall. s Esp ecially when globle economy is in recession, stimulation is one of the methods f However, to my opinion, government s hould spend more money on medical care and education.
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For men, health and education are the basic elements for development. n say health is the best wealth. e you will not enjoy your life. lopment of society. n. y,

We ofte

Without health, even if you are a millionair The society needs more medical care to ensure p This is a physical base for deve

eople to live happily and create more fortune.

The spiritual foundation should be obtained from educatio We need healthy people and brilliant minds to chang Theatres and sports stadiums are signs for highe

Only with more knowledge, can we catch up with the improvement of econom society and technology.

e our world into a better one. r standard of living. or.

Compared with the basic development factors, they are min

Insufficiency in medical care and education will impose great stress on poor peo ple and produce unstable factors for society. If government invested too much o Such a n recreational places, it has to lessen the expenditure on medical care and educ ation since the total amount of distributable money will not be changed. ction will do little influence on riches, but affect poors greatly. on. Dissatisfaction for government will arise gradually. They can’

t take out money from their own pockets to see doctors nor pursue higher educati Then, how long the go vernment can exist with the society fluctuated? To make all people live and work in peace and contentment and to be a long-las t power, government should do more to secure people’s basic rights. ents for improving living standards are in second place. Establishm

v108 Some people said the government shouldn't put money on building theatres o r sports stadiums but should spend more money on medical care and education. Do yo u agree or not agree? Theatres and sports stadiums are facilities with the purpose of enriching peopl e’ s spiritual life. However, some people claim that the government should spend mo r e money on medical care and education rather than on such recreational program
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s. As a matter of fact, these people fail to realize the essence of this issue. I d i sagree with this statement for the following reasons. First, with the development of society, the basic material needs for people ha s m ainly satisfied, a more important task for the government is to improve people’ s spiritual life. Human beings differ from other animal species in that we live n o t only for prolonging our lives, but also for spiritual pursuit. Second, entertainment projects contribute to the development of economy, as wel l as collect money to solve people’ basic needs. An typical example can be found s in the fact that every country is eager to win the right of hold the Olympics ma i nly because of the economic benefits it brings. Another example is that many spo r ts and cultural activities have donated a considerable amount of fun for benefi c projects. Last but not least, entertainment and cultural services also play an important r o le in education as well as improvement of people’s health. As the living standa r d enhance, people tend to not only go to school for education, but also go to th e atres to receive another form of education. Sport facilities such as stadiums pr o vide opportunities for people to exercise their body. According to the reasons I give above, it can be concluded that entertainment an d cultural constructions are worth building. The statement that government should
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n ’t put money on them is invalid. V108 投资剧院运动场---医疗和教育

The reason that government-who is in dispose of public money-is elected primari ly to improve the social welfare of its people. As long as people in a society l a ck the basic need, such as medical care or education , the use of public funds t o support theatres and sports stadiums is inappropriate-and, perhaps, even cruelwhen one considers all the potential uses of such money. According to the psychological pundit Maslo, human needs can be classified int o f ive categories: survival, safety and love, others recognition, self-realizatio n, and spiritual refinement. Among the five categories, the need for medical care a n d education is on the lowest floor of the pyramid and is also crucial. The basic function of theatres and sport stadiums is to give people large exten t of pleasure in order to ensure them to work more effectively and efficiently t o c ontribute more to the society. While them, classified into the category of spiri t ual refinement, is at the pinnacle of the pyramid. If we to realize our spiritua l refinement, we should first fulfill our basic need. Or our seemingly resplenden t pyramid is on the verge of collapse due to its lack of a solid plinth. The first and foremost step of its aim to fund medical care and education i s t o satisfy basic need. In case that such the condition as described in the topi c h appened (though very rarely), the government will be overturned. See multitude s o
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f revolts of peasants in China’s history. Even though people’ basic needs can be fulfilled, the society, especially the g s overnment, should not use all its money to the theatres and sports stadiums, a p r oper proportion of the investment must be considered exactly.

Version 00109 the computer are widely used in education and some people think teacher are not play important role in the classroom . to what extend do you agree?(agree/disagree) 范文 1 Computers are widely used in education and some people think teachers are not playing an important role in classroom. To what extent do you agree or disagree? The 21st century is the period of information, in which computers will play an important role in every area of our lives. Recently, computer assisted education has become more and more popular in primary schools, high schools and colleges. The computer’s multimedia abilities make the classes lively and interesting. As a result, some people have said that teachers are no longer playing a significant role in classroom.I can hardly agree with the m. First, it is the teacher who creates the software used in class. For example, the software may be an outline of the teacher’s lecture.If you listen to som e lectures, you will find that the lectures contain far more information than the multimedia software includes. While showing the class, most teachers will expand the knowledge extent, especially adding some latest discoveries and breakthroughs. So, the computer is just an assistant, which makes the class more vivid and clear. Teachers and students are the main part of a class. Second, computers cannot organize activities in class in place of teachers. For example, we often do some group work during classes, and it is the teachers who set the groups and control the time. After checking our homework, teachers will understand what the real weakness of students is, and adjust their classes to improve their teaching, while computers cannot.
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Moreover,the interaction between students and teachers is very useful.During the asking and answering of questions, students pose problems and find answers more clearly. But computers, now, have not that intelligence. All in all, although computer technology is developing very quickly and computers can solve more and more problems without people, teachers still play an important role in class. And I insist that, no matter how the technology develops, teachers will be in the front of the classroom forever ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 2 The computer is widely used in education,and some people think teachers d o not play important roles in the classroom. To what extend do you agree or disagree? In this period of communication,computer has been used in all kinds of fields widely, and plays a particular role in our lives. Especially computer has become more and more important in educational field, therefore dozens of people considered teachers could be replaced computers that will go with the current of the times. The above point is certainly wrong; this essay will outl ine three reasons. The main reason is that people’s brain better than computer. Firstly, people design all kinds of computer’s programs. Secondly, computer doesn’t hav e logistic ideation. Computer only can defend on that designer inputted computer’s programs to judge a question’s right or wrong. In other words, computer can’t defend on thinking that computer independently analyzes a question’s right or wrong. In case, designer inputted programs that are wrong. Computer output the result that also will be wrong. If this kind of problem happened in classroom, students would be infused plenty of wrong information. Another reason is that computer’s programs designed software of education that could be amended difficultly.If software of education of bugs were foun d, commonly these of problems couldn’t be solved in the classroom. The so ftware was amended that means total of program were corrected, not only parts of program were inserted or amended usually. Last but not the least reason is computer is mechanical,it couldn’t be suited all kinds of students and different demands. As students’ intellect is differe nt, same of software couldn’t base on every status of student to set a perf
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ect project. In conclusion, computers couldn’t instead of the position of teachers in the classroom, however computer is an absolutely good helper for teacher 范文 3 In this IT age, computers are widely used in the classroom in order to enrich th e methods of teaching. This phenomenon gives some the illusion that the thing te aching students is no longer the teacher but a computer. Personally, I disagre e with this opinion. As another machines, computer doesn’t enable to control itself. Though computer s are capable of learning from their mistakes and improving on their performanc e, they need details instructions from human being in order to be able to operat e. They can never, as it were lead independent lives, no mention teaching studen ts. In case a computer lacks the control of a teacher, there is no difference be tween a computer and waste. Not only this, but computers, unlike a teacher, can’t solve a variety of new pr oblems. Everything is developing in today’s society, including education. For e xample, a student suddenly asks a creative question that the computer isn’t pro grammed for, it can do nothing, while teacher can explain clearly though abundan t teaching experience. Last but not least, the computer can’ communicate with students from emotion. S t uch as an eyesight or gesture of teacher can transfer his or her idea and feelin g to students. In this way, students can feel more human touch in the class. I n comparison, the computer is too dry and dusty to understand. All in all, no matter how nice a computer is, it can’t take the place of teache r. Of course, I don’ mean that computer is useless. In contrary, I believe it w t ill become the most powerful assistants to teacher in further. 范文 4 Computer, the most exciting and significant invention in 20 century, will reshap e our lives and our world. As a result, some people proclaim that computers shou ld be involved into our classroom, and replace the roles of human teachers. Howe ver, I cannot agree with their point of view.
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Admittedly, as the useful tools, computers can become the optimum assistants fo r human teachers in the classroom. To beginning, vivid pictures shown on scree n can motivate students’ interest and curiosity dramatically. Moreover, the com bination of computers and Internet can provide children the abundant informatio n. Although computers enjoy considerable merits, they cannot compare with huma n teachers for two main reasons. Among countless factors which influence my inclination, there is a most conspicu ous one: computers are not as qualified as human teachers in academic fields. A s we all know, students can get the final result of a mathematic question unde r the help of computers, however, they are still confused on the whole computin g process. By contrast, our human teachers’ performance is much better in thos e cases. They not only can teach students how to analyze and compute the questio n, but also can remind them what are the possible errors that they may meet. Thu s, human teachers are more adequate than computers in academic aspect. The second advantage of human teachers is they can guide students to deal with s ome psychological problems that they meet in schools. In China, sometimes, teach ers even burden many responsibilities that students’ parents have. For exampl e, as for the student with rebellious spirit, the important duty for teachers i s to prevent the student from campus violence, even crime. Obviously, computer s cannot do that. In summary, from what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conc lusion that the positions of human teachers are unshakable, and computers canno t take the places of them.

范文 5 with the development of new techonology and science,computer are widely used i n education.therefore,some people think we dont need teachers anymore.i totall y disagree with the above point. there is no denying that the computer bring great benefit to people and are of g reat help to students.computer can be programmed to simple digits of question,a s the students answer these digits,their theoritical knowledge can be reinforce d.
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however,in practice and learning of complex questions,computer can never replac e the humain brain or surpass the human intelligence.computer only can tell you r the final correct answer.but it cant provide students opportunity to think ove r it,which limited their creativity.teaching itself is an art rather than a mach nican activity.therefore,teachers function can not be neglected. firstlly.computer only can do work according to the procedure fomulated previous ly.they can not answer all question in defferent way.teachers,however,can teac h students according their attitute.some students who have better ability to acc ept knowledge,under teachers'guidance,can be save time to gain other knowledge. secondly,facing the vivid dilivery from teachers,students can be improved thei r motivation and concentration.the effective communication operated by teacher s not only can help students understand the knowledge,teachers also can teach st udents how to be a valuable people,which cant be done by computer. in addition,various teaching methods can help student absorb the knowledge rapid ly.when students meet with the thorny question,teachers not only can explain i t in different way,they also can show them the important deductive process. therefore,i would say teacher is the good compesation for flexiabilly lacting i n the computer.i totally disagree with view that we dont need teachers anymore!

范文 6 “Get up, boy, it is time to go to school.” “I dislike having get up early. I can take an on-line lesson at anytime I like.”

It is a completely ordinary dialogue occurring in modern life. Yes, it is the co m puter, whose ever-accelerated updating brings about tremendous changes in our sc h ool lives. A typical application is Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI), which a i ds teacher to impart knowledge to student more efficiently by it’s multimedia c h
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aracters. However, a vigorous debate over the issue whether or not teacher are b y no means important in pedagogy field has intrigued the public. In my submission, the computer can be great help of teacher but they can never replace or surpas s the position of teacher. I will offer the following reasons. Firstly, CAI are designed and programmed by human instructor. They only condens e parts of teacher’s experience and intelligence. Moreover, being a successful in s tructor requires not just these factors but a wealth of experience and interpre t new experiences using that information. The computer after all are man-made mach i ne. Secondly, the progress of instruction is complicated and complex, and the educat i onal achievement of CAI is limited. Some sorts of course, such as basic educatio n al course( 想想什么课程用电脑教不好), are not necessarily to be expressed by th e computer to reach productive effect. Finally, communications and interactions with teacher and computer are quite dif f erent. The latter is too impersonal, which ruins the pleasure of emotional excha n ges. Sometimes gazing at the cold flickering screen is a disinteresting and tiri n g experience. Admittedly, though computer may help teacher to provide student with a richer an d more effective learning environment, yet they can not substitute the position o
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f teacher, not only today, but the future.

范文 7

Computer, as the most powerful tool in 21 century, is widely used in education a reas. Whether computers can instead of teachers become a controversial issue. Fr om my point, I don’t think computers can take the place of teachers. First and foremost, computer cannot communicate with students. Every human bein g has feeling. Teachers are not only teaching students knowledge but also showin g their loves to students when they are teaching. How to have a conversation wit h others and how to take care of others can be learned from teachers. For exampl e, teacher can take you to the hospital when you are sick. In comparison, comput ers cannot likely to it. Secondly, computers cannot help students when the get confused. Asking teacher s is the best way to do when students get any quires. However, computers do no t have this function. Study is a two-way process, teachers can excite student s’ imaginations and fire their creations. Last but not least, computers cannot organize teaching activities instead of tea chers. Take England as an example, students need to do a lot of practical experi ments, especially in physics and chemistry. When they do these experiments, stud ents usually work together as a group and discuss with teachers. Team work i s a very important part to shape students’ personalities. From what has been discussed above, we might safely say that computers can neve r take the place of teachers. We should always remember that human beings are th e host of technology and computer is a machine no matter how clever it is! (251 words) 媛 范文 8 V109 Computers “V” Teachers

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The computer is widely used in education and some people think teachers are no t playing an important role in the classroom. To what extend do you agree or dis agree? With more and more extensive use of computers in education, some people claim th at the importance attached to teachers has been jeopardized. Therefore, computer s will replace teachers in the classroom. However, it seems quite clear to me th at learning from teachers is the most important way that cannot be substituted f or students. Naturally, some people maintain that computer should instead of the old way o f education. They hold that the strong function of the computer offers a new mod e of education, which is more interesting, more vivid and more acceptable by chi ldren. The students will not face to the serious teachers and calm classes any m ore, which are replaced by a brand-new world offered by the Internet. In additio n, this can decrease the investment on the foundational education and save the h uman resources and material resources. As an assistant, computers do help teachers with their work, but they can neve r replace the important role of a real teacher. The main functions of any comput er are storage and calculation. It cannot think on its own anyway. All the teach ing data stored in computers are the essence of teaching experience generalize d by many teachers during their work. Hence, to assist education, what a compute r can do is just to repeat the contents summarized by real teachers. In addition, each student has different talents and different defects, and accor dingly, they may come across various problems during their study. Computer progr ammer designing the software, however, cannot predict these problems. Therefor e, a single computer can never solve these problems without a teacher’s guidanc e Furthermore, if the significance of teacher has been weakened, the number of tea chers may be decreased, that is to say, many teachers may be laid-off. If suc h a case comes to reality, series of social problems will break out, such as th e drop of working opportunity which will surely make the burden of whole societ y become heavier and heavier.

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In conclusion, although computer-aided-education has spread widely, teachers sti ll play s crucial part in the classroom, which cannot and will not be replaced b y computer.

范文 9 as the most important invention in the 21 century,computers have windspread in t he world,and the use of it has become the necessity of various spheres both in o ur work and in our daily life. although computers are also greatly utilized in t he education field,teachers are still playing a crucial part on the platform. pe rsonally,i believe that teachers should not be replaced by computers due to th e following reasons. being the architect of humanbeings' moral, teachers shoulder the responsibiliti

es of passing knowledge to students as well as shaping them to be real men wit h good qualities. students may learn some certain knowledge from computers whic h are cold and senseless, but good qualities can only be taught by teachers. at the same time,computers might not give detailed and understandable elaboratio n of complicated theories. after judging whether the answers are right or wron g computers fail to tell them why they make such mistakes. the problems can onl y be dealt with by teachers. in addition,some elementary academic exchanges,such as discussion and associatio n,cannot be organised by computers.nevertheless, teachers make up the deficiend y.by this means,students' learning enthusiasm is greatly activated. above all,computers bring about many significant revolutions in the education fi eld,but teachers are still the hosts of the classroom.we should always bear in m ind that men are the owner of technology and no matter how intelligent the compu ters are,they are merely man-made machines. 范文 10 Along with the mass use of computer technology in education circles, we are deli ghted to witness the uncountable conveniences be brought by computer. Some peopl
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e even argue that teacher will not be important in classroom any more. Is this r easonable? Personal speaking, I oppose holding such a ridiculous conclusion. In the first place, the feature of teaching defines teachers as an essential par t in education. It is well known that teaching is a process of mutual-communicat ion: firstly, teachers impart/initiate knowledge or ideas to students, then stud ents should promptly transfer their feedback to teachers, moreover, teachers wil l give students the final interpretation according to their specific requiremen t. Besides, teachers also can (teach students in accordance of their aptitud e). In contrast, what computers can do is merely to display materials which hav e already stored in their EMS memory or mechanically execute operator’s command s. We actually can not image what our education will being if computers substitu te teachers totally. As to another reason, it seems that teacher’ role as a supervisor is more and m s ore overt. Computer is indeed a controversy, it not only can be an efficient edu cation assistant, but also can become an addiction which includes too much viole nt and (pornographic propaganda). Youngsters do not mature fully in psycholog y, therefore, without teachers' supervision, many children would spend hours pla ying computer games or surfing unhealthy websites, which are regarded as a wast e of valuable time and intelligence, instead of trying to have a good command o f knowledge and skills. We never deny that computers are absolutely an available education implements, f urthermore, the combination of teacher and computer technology will greatly impr ove our education quality. However, from all of the grounds of argument mentione d above, we can safely draw a conclusion that teacher will not be replaced by co mputer in the classroom. 范文 11 v109 The r e not play important role in the classroom . To what extend do you agree? Computers nowadays are more and more widely used in education. Hence, some peopl e
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computer are widely used in education,and some people think teacher a

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claim that teachers are no longer playing important roles in the classroom. I c o mpletely agree with this statement. Although teacher may be more emotional tha n c omputers, the later actually far outdoes in educating students, for the followin g three reasons. First, it is an undoubted fact that computer are more likely to provide sufficie n t information to students. Neither a well trained graduate from education instit u te nor an experienced teacher can offer more knowledge than an advanced computer. Human brain is more suitable for creative activities, but not in conveying info r mation. As a result of the rapid development in technology, the computer’s capa c ity of containing information will become much stronger. Second, computers are more efficient in educating students than teachers, not on l y because they will merely make mistakes, but also due to that the will not fee l worn out after a long time of work. It goes without saying that teachers are som e times complained to transfer mistaken messages to students. And the latter, lac k of enough related knowledge, finally become the victims of such mistakes. Furthe r more, as they were so tired after a whole day working, teachers are often slow i n reaction while asked questions by students. Computers, which can never effecte d by emotional factors, have no such disadvantages.

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Last but not least, children are becoming more and more familiar with computer s w hile they are being taught by this new technology. It’s widely accepted that co m puter has become an essential tool for our daily life. Children could learn ho w t o master it better by the process of being educated by it rather than taking a n i ntentional class presented by a teacher. Classroom, as everybody believes, i s a p lace where students learn knowledge and skills, both academic and practical. S o i t should be the duty for school to prepare students for the computer-oriented so c iety. All in all, although teachers still contribute to education, we can’t turn a bl i nd eye to the fact that they are not important any more compared to another kin d of tutors-computers

范文 12 开头: Along with the mass use of computer technology in education circles, we are deli ghted to witness the uncountable conveniences be brought by computer. Some peopl e even argue that teacher will not be important in classroom any more. Is this r easonable? Personal speaking, I oppose holding such a ridiculous conclusion. 正文: In the first place, the feature of teaching defines teachers as an essential par t in education. It is well known that teaching is a process of mutual-communicat ion: firstly, teachers impart/initiate knowledge or ideas to students, then stud ents should promptly transfer their feedback to teachers, moreover, teachers wil l give students the final interpretation according to their specific requiremen t. Besides, teachers also can (teach students in accordance of their aptitud
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e). In contrast, what computers can do is merely to display materials which hav e already stored in their EMS memory or mechanically execute operator’s command s. We actually can not image what our education will being if computers substitu te teachers totally. As to another reason, it seems that teacher’ role as a supervisor is more and m s ore overt. Computer is indeed a controversy, it not only can be an efficient edu cation assistant, but also can become an addiction which includes too much viole nt and (pornographic propaganda). Youngsters do not mature fully in psycholog y, therefore, without teachers' supervision, many children would spend hours pla ying computer games or surfing unhealthy websites, which are regarded as a wast e of valuable time and intelligence, instead of trying to have a good command o f knowledge and skills. 结尾: We never deny that computers are absolutely an available education implements, f urthermore, the combination of teacher and computer technology will greatly impr ove our education quality. However, from all of the grounds of argument mentione d above, we can safely draw a conclusion that teacher will not be replaced by co mputer in the classroom.

Version 00111(2003.2.4 日 英国诺丁汗 a 类) Is it nature or nurture that plays a major role in the development of personalit y? What's your opinion? 范文 1 IN certain respects, children are the same all over the world. But many factors affect the development of children, both parental support and education being major influences. There are vast differences between schooling styles, and parental attitudes towards children, in China and the West. Some of these differences have obvious causes, for example, the "Little Emperor" syndrome in China. Parents everywhere have dreams for their offspring. However, the concentration of energy invested into planning for a child's future is noticeable in China, as it is not diluted by the presence of
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siblings. This adoration can be seen in other ways. One of the most common is spoiling children, giving them everything they want. Some of the time this is a reward for good work, although there are children who receive all they wa nt merely because they demand it from their parents. Hard work? Parents also have this tendency to spoil children in the West. If a child does start to see itself as the all-deserving star of the Universe,usually its siblin gs will tease and bully the child until it stops feeling self-important. Another contrast between the upbringing of children in China and the West is in schooling. Without a doubt, Chinese children work harder than their European and American counterparts. Their industriousness is admirable, and in comparison, Western students are lazy. In European countries, teenagers will often have a Saturday job, or holiday job, to supplement their allowance. This is rare in China,where education is considered of paramount importance, and time working detracts from study.The same contrast is true of romantic relationships between teenagers. I spoke to Han Li, a 16-year old student in Huhhot, about boyfriends. She said: "I have no time for a boyfriend, even if I did want one. I must study hard, there is a lot of pressure on me to get good grades and go to university." The style of teaching is very different in China from in the West. The notion of "repeating after a teacher'' seems old-fashioned and redundant in America and Europe. Large class sizes may be the reason for the popularity of this teaching method. In England, any class over 30 is considered large enough to impair learning. However, I have noticed that this parrot-style of learning is being replaced with more progressive methods of education in many Chinese schools. The perfect solution would be to combine Western and Chinese education methods. Combat the laziness and apathy of Western students; encourage initiative within Chinese students, by expecting independent thought as opposed to mindless repetition. As for spoilt kids anywhere, some of these children would benefit from a smack on the bum. Genevieve Roberts graduated from Leeds University, England. She has spent the last eight months teaching in China. Anyone with unusual cultural or
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social experiences who wants to share them with us here at 21st Century can send a copy to elt@21stcentury.com.cn. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 2 There has been an argument on personality and individual’s development fo r a long time. The key point of the dispute is which factor plays a more important role, genes or training after birth? In my opinion, the latter is the crucial complication, though genes are significant. Although genes have great effects on one’s personality, environment plays a more important role in his further development. Let’s take an experiment for instance. There was a research on a couple of identical twins who were born in a big city, but they were separated after birth. One was taken to a poor suburban area, while the other remained in the city. Fifteen years later, surely, the one in city grew tall, strong, extroverted and well educated. By contrast, the other was short, thin, introverted and nearly illiterate. This wel l demonstrates the importance of nurturing. In addition, education, especially early education, is another key factor.When children are very young, they try to imitate their parents’ behaviors, and run into some manners. After going to school, different education systems an d even different courses students taking will make influence on their personalities and ideas. Students of science and technology subjects are good at logical thinking, while students of arts usually think in terms of imagine. As you can tell from my comments above, no one can choose his nature,but one can be greatly successful after striving for himself or being well educated. And no one can be successful relying on his genes without good environmen t. So, in my opinion, environmental influence and education will ultimately decide one’s personality and development. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 3 Nowhere in the world has the issue of children’s education been so much
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debated as in our society. Nowadays, many parents let their children attend all kinds of courses that will help children to get a better future; therefore, some people think that the postnatal nurture is more important than the congenital factors for personal growth and progress. The above point is certainly true; this essay will outline three reasons. The main reason is that success of a child would not be separated from right teaching and personal effort. Currently, lots of famous scientists and politicians gain huge success in the world, as they are long-term to hard work. Moreover, the main reason why plenty of developing countries drop behind is their poor education. Another reason is that if people do not work hard but only depend on their high intellect, they will be far from successful. For instance, the little Bront e was quite clever during his childhood; he was particularly adept at writing. But he was so satisfied with his superior intellect that he did not study carefully. Finally, he became an idle person. However, his sisters became famous authors as a result of their hard study. They are Charlotte Bronte and Emily Bronte. Charlotte wrote “Jane Eyre “, “Wuthering Heights” was written by Emily. Last but not the least reason is the advantages of natural factors that are more and more similar.Plenty of advanced technological products are invente d and widely used.They can supply people’s gaps.In the past, the difference of mathematical ability was remarkable. With the invention of the calculator, people can hardly find out the difference. In conclusion, scientific and proper teaching is the most significant factor fo r personal growth and development. If people are satisfied with their advantages, they will become the biggest failures. 范文 4 (278words) Nowadays, most of children are the center of a family, so the issue abou t which plays major role in personality, nature or nurture, is paid increasing a
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ttention by parents. As to me, I am fond of that molding one's character depend s on nurture rather than nature. People's character will affect greatly by the people around them especiall y their parents. The survey proves the possibility of commit of person who delet ed born in a family which have a crime is one to four times higher than the norm al family's person's. To image, when a child shape character, always have a ba d example around him or her, no wonder the crime possibility is much higher. S o just as the saying goes:" he who keeps company with the wolf will learn to how l." Moreover, the growing environment influences child's personality unconscious ly. There is a famous story in China: Aiming to find a willing studying conditio n, a mother moves for three times. They at last move nearby school. From then o n, the boy who used to be naughty corrects his bad habits and changes into a har dworking student. After he grows up, this boy becomes one of the greatest philos ophers in Chinese history---Mencius. This story really shows how important role that the environment play in childre n's personality. Of course, we couldn't neglect the effect of nature, such as parents' gen e. The child is a chip off the old block. Some characters proved by medical rese arch have already existed before human were born. All in all, as for one person's, both nature and nurture influence the devel opment of quality. Personally, I believe the nurture can partly make up the shor tage of nature. 范文 5 Difference between children's education By 21ST Published on 2003-01-30 Posted on 2003-02-04 IN certain respects, children are the same all over the world. But many factor s affect the development of children, both parental support and education bein g major influences. There are vast differences between schooling styles, and par ental attitudes towards children, in China and the West. Some of these differences have obvious causes, for example, the "Little Emperor " syndrome in China. Parents everywhere have dreams for their offspring. Howeve
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r, the concentration of energy invested into planning for a child's future is no ticeable in China, as it is not diluted by the presence of siblings. This adoration can be seen in other ways. One of the most common is spoiling chi ldren, giving them everything they want. Some of the time this is a reward for g ood work, although there are children who receive all they want merely because t hey demand it from their parents. Hard work? Parents also have this tendency to spoil children in the West. If a child does s tart to see itself as the all-deserving star of the Universe, usually its siblin gs will tease and bully the child until it stops feeling self-important. Another contrast between the upbringing of children in China and the West is i n schooling. Without a doubt, Chinese children work harder than their European a nd American counterparts. Their industriousness is admirable, and in compariso n, Western students are lazy. In European countries, teenagers will often hav e a Saturday job, or holiday job, to supplement their allowance. This is rare i n China, where education is considered of paramount importance, and time workin g detracts from study. The same contrast is true of romantic relationships betwe en teenagers. I spoke to Han Li, a 16-year old student in Huhhot, about boyfrien ds. She said: "I have no time for a boyfriend, even if I did want one. I must st udy hard, there is a lot of pressure on me to get good grades and go to university." The style of teaching is very different in China from in the West. The notion o f "repeating after a teacher'' seems old-fashioned and redundant in America an d Europe. Large class sizes may be the reason for the popularity of this teachin g method. In England, any class over 30 is considered large enough to impair lea rning. However, I have noticed that this parrot-style of learning is being repla ced with more progressive methods of education in many Chinese schools. The perfect solution would be to combine Western and Chinese education method s. Combat the laziness and apathy of Western students; encourage initiative with in Chinese students, by expecting independent thought as opposed to mindless rep etition. As for spoilt kids anywhere, some of these children would benefit fro m a smack on the bum.
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Genevieve Roberts graduated from Leeds University, England. She has spent the la st eight months teaching in China. Anyone with unusual cultural or social experi ences who wants to share them with us here at 21st Century can send a copy to el t@21stcentury.com.cn. By Genevieve Roberts, SPECIAL TO 21ST CENTURY 范文 6 严禁模仿) Introduction ( 38words) Human's endeavor in researching on factors affecting one's personality and devel opment has offered quite a amount of proofs. My position may provide you wit h a clear notion that nurture plays a far more important role in one's developme nt. Body 1 (95words) Reportedly there was a maid, a countryside girl with only an educational backgro und of primary school, working for an American professor who worked in Shangha i Jiaotong University, China. After two years of stay at the learned and exoti c surroundings, amazingly this plain girl could speak fluent English and starte d to help the host to receive and send e-mails to his students. When the profess or left for New York later, soon she sought a post at a multinational firm. Thi s example clearly reveals a common truth: appropriate nurture can turn an averag e person to be competent. (topic sentence) Body 2 (89words) I will then go on to examine my position by offering other facts. It is well bel ieved that overseas graduates who once furthered their education in foreign univ ersities are taking incredible places in China because these elites have a broad er way of thinking and their bilingual and creative capabilities have proved the mselves much better than domestic ones. In contrast, some people show their ling uistic talent by precisely speaking a variety of dialects but still lead a poo r life because no foreign language learning process has been conducted for the m. Conclusion ( 42words) To sum up, the competence of a former maid and the qualities of overseas Chines e students already illustrate an undeniable fact: a right way of nurture can mou
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ld one to be outstanding whilst extraordinary nature without nurture is a wast e of resource. 范文 7 Which element between nature and nurture plays the major role in children’s per sonality and development is always a controversial problem. Of course, which yo u prefer depends on your own experience, life style and emotional concern. Her e, I would like to illustrate my point of view about it. Admittedly, different nature determines people have distinguished starting point s in their lifetime. To beginning, in light of medical research, a person’s blo od type has considerable influence to his character. General speaking, for examp le, a person whose blood type is A means that his personality is amiable and ten der probably. Besides, the physical condition, even appearance may influence a p erson’ development. Statistics shows that beautiful people are more confident t s han others, because they do not need to worry about the prejudice from public. O bviously, some parts of our personality have been decided when we born. On the other hand, although nature is important during the course of shaping per sonality, we cannot ignore another essential element, nurture. There are many fa ctors which affect the development of children, both parental support and educat ion being vital influence. It is reported that the kid whose parents are divorce d is more likely has psychological troubles than those with a harmonious famil y. By contrast, as we all know, good education will positively cultivate a perso n’s personality and improve his self-restraint in a big way. In summary, from what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conc lusion that partly because of different nature, partly because of different nurt ure, people have their unique personality. 范文 8 For centuries,people have heatedly debated the problem that what runs a more significant position in characteristic and development. At first glance,it would seem that nature is the crucial factor. Closerexamination reveals,however,that nurture makes the determinative

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effect.Personally,I side with the later opinion.Some reasons as follows can demonstrate my viewpoint. Most important,elder generation's way of actionun fluences much on children's psychology.Because of the small age,kids have little understandings about the condition and they always intimate what their parents do.It is frequent to find that the sons possess the same gestures of walking or eating with the fathers.Meanwhile children are using their parebns' way to think of and deal with matters out of habit. What is more,just as Edison's best-known saying goes:"Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration." Everyone is no exception.The heritage does give out benefit; however, its effect is too limited.Man must make it through hardwork and proper cultivation. In ancient China,Fang Zhongyong, concidered as a child prodigy, had a talented ablity of poem creation.Unfortunatly,he did not acquire a well education,which leaded to the lost of teputatuon ten years later. Last but not least, superior postnatal nurture can bting a promissing development to youngsterds.Numerous aspects o fchildren's personality are formed after the borth such as the view of world and value.The nurture jus t serves as these points as it shows a correct direction to the youngs rs them. From what has been mentioned above, we can safely come to the definitive sion that nurture is the most critical ingredient for personality l growth. conclu and tuto

and persona

范文 9

nowaday,variety of language and culture has been lost rapidly,as a matter of fac t,the speed of language and culture dissapear is as fast as the speed of develop ment of society.i would rather to give the main reasons for it and explore the g ood solution to this phenomenon.
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firstly,its undeniable that the development of new technology and science contri bute the ressesion of traditional culture.microwave,for example,save my mother t ime.throw the prepared and forzen food into it,we will have the dinner withi n a few minutes.but we will not have the delicious food cooked by my mother.gon e foreveris the traditional cooking. secontly,as the economic globalization is being carried out,the traditional cult ure is being under the threat of assimilation.especailly in chinese depress area s,as the western culture with investment floods into these nations,.the young pe ople became obbessed with the fresh culture so that they miss very much their ow n culture.however,culture just like a mirror which reflect the value of one coun try,how can these cultures exist if the young people who are the hope of one cou ntry are tired of learning it? in addition,nowaday the young people whose mother tongue is not english became c razy about learning english on the ground that english well can ecent job,a better life.they spent a lot of time in studying ensure them a d english so that th

ey dont have spare time to develop and enrich their own language.so,its not surp ring that many a language,only spoken by few people,disappear one by one in th e mordern society. To sum up,the distinct culture make our world colourful .it is notonly belong t o their own country,it also belong to the world.let us cherich our traditonal cu lture,for it embody the very costoms and culture,which sustain our family ,our f riendship and our spirital life!

范文 10 some people think the natural gift play the major role in the children's develop ment.in contrast,other think the nurture is more important than nature .personal ly,its more advisale to choose the latter view than the former one. to begin with the Einstein's bestknown saying:the gunius is 1% inspiration ,an d 99% prespiration.even Einstein who is one of most wisest people in the world a lso have to think and study for months before he fomulate the famouse relativit y of theory.in addition to it,there is also a countexample to support my point.i n Ming dynasty of china,there was a 3-year-old boy who was genius at creatin
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g a perfect poem within 3 mins.but his father did not provide him opportunity t o develop his ability,instead,he frequatly took his son to the banquet hold by t he rich to perform how to make a quict poem in order to earn money.when this gen ius child grew up,his tallents dissappeared just for lacking of right education. so ,i fomulate the two important factors for the development of children's perso nality. firstlly,the success of child would not seperated from round education.as the h

ebert spenser's famouse saying:education is has for it abject the information o f charactors.its reported by scientists that the disble man also can performs a s well as the nomal people if they are nurtured and educated.the parents as th e first teacher and teachers should give proper instruction and correct guidanc e to their development. secondlly,indiviial great efforts is indispensable.the many politican and statem ans gain success though the great efforts when they were young.there is also cou ntexample.the most successful people may not be the most cleverest people.accord ing to the studies conducted among the group who was the same class before 10 ye ars,those whose average point is in the middle 50 % ,all became the richers an d managers.while few of the young people who is upper 10 % became the bosses o r excutives.studies show people who do not word hard only depend on their intell igence will be far from the sucess. therefore,the kid is the seed,the nurture is the fertile soil in which the see d can grow well.among all ingredients for children's development,round n is very important,moreover,individial offort is also indispensable! 范文 11 educatio

The contentious issue in the domain of sociology in the past mainly concentrate d on postnatal nurture and congenital element still has been steeped in controvers y nowadays. The key point of it is, which factor has top priority in personal gro w th and progress. On the strength of compelling and convincing research and evide
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n ce, I prefer the former. This essay will outline the following reasons. In the first place, environment and parents enlightenment play utmost and crucia l roles in children’ personalities and further development. When they are young, s they often unconsciously imitate parents’ behaviors. As prevailing Chinese sla n g says, “Better unborn than unbred”, which connotes that parents should streng t hen the supervision over and education of kids. After accepting education in sch o ol, their identities and ideas are deeply affected by diverse instruction syste m and even distinguishing courses. For instance, students of science are apt at lo g ical thinking, while students of arts are inclined to thinking in image. Grante d that it happens to identical twins, their behaviors are not genetic because lif e has presented them with different opportunities. In the second place, one with innate intellect uncertainly becomes a genius inso m uch as his success owes much to his capabilities and arduous efforts. Take an in s tance of Charlotte Bronte’ brother who was quite bright during his childhood. O s nly did he depend on his superior intellect, so that neglected his study. Finall y he became an idle person, while his sister became a famous author as a result o f hard study. Even Albert Einstein said, “A genius is that kind of person with 9 9 percent diligence plus 1 percent intelligence.” t so much by talent as by strenuous work.
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Apparently, his success is no

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In conclusion, no one can choose his nature, but one can be successful after str i ving for himself and being well educated. Moreover, no one can be triumphant onl y relying on his genes. Namely, nurture passes nature. 范文 12 V111 Children - Nature or Nurture?

Which one has deeper influence on molding children’s personalities and their de velopment nature or nurture? In certain respects, children are the same all over the world. But when they gro w up, they become quite different. What has caused such considerable change s? I believe nurture plays the crucial role in personality and development o f a child. In another word, the circumstances surrounding the child are more imp ortant to form its character. As an old saying remarked, ‘No man is born wise or learned’ Had nobody taught h . im, a man would even not be able to count from 1 to 10, no matter how talented h e were. In fact, a nascent infant to who has scarcely given birth, in certain as pects, is just the same as a kitten being no aware of so-called character. Its n ature is to cry for food when it feels hungry, or cry for release when it feel s uncomfortable. That is that. The true story of ‘wolf-child’ can be the best e vidence. On the other hand, the parents, teachers, as well as other people around a chil d, are the main builders who develop its personality. Learning from the circumst ances, the child forms its character and concepts of the world. People always sa y ‘the best horse needs breeding, and the aptest child needs teaching.’ Withou t correct guidance, a clear conscience can even go bad. For instance, a father i s a deep drug addict, and in most cases, his son starts this dangerous experienc e very early, by reason of smoky air he has breathed since his childhood. Such s ituation is not rare. On the contrary, we often hear similar news from media.

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As you can tell from my analysis, among all factors affecting the growth of chil dren, nurture is the crucial one, which is much more important than the nature o r any other else.

范文 13 Nature or nurture, which one has major influence on our personality and developm ent? This issue has been widely debated in our country nowadays. As far as I a m concerned, I am inclined to support the standpoint that nurture plays a more c rucial role in youngster’s development. To begin with, scientific research has already proved that the intelligence quot ient(IQ) we were born with is not differ from each other too much. We have to ad mit that the so-called whiz-kids could be found are actually seldom. If we wan t to lead to any success, we need to rely on postnatal education and self-strugg le which are the decisive factors. For example, Edison was regarded as a fool i n his primary school. However, he got uneaqualed achievement by his own effort s. In the second place, children’s limited natural gift will disappear soon if his /her nurture can not support it sufficient. Only can we say that the advantageou s intelligence is a helpful condition to achievement, but the advantages will no t last for long. There is Chinese fable: a boy called zy had some talents in poe try, so his father continuous take him to attend feast to boast his gift instea d of bringing him to school, several years latter, zy have not any intelligenc e in composing poems any more. Therefore, we can find how important does the par ental education and studying environment are! Finally, the concept for success given by Einstein also indicates the essentia l effect of education and hardworking. He said: success is equal to 99% of dilig ence plus only 1% of genius. From his notion, we can easily find that the dilige nce is the indispensable element for people’s accomplishments. From all mentioned above, we can safely come to a conclusion that only educatio n and industry can mould people to be excellent and outstanding, merely depend o n So-called nature gifts are absolutely deficiency.
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111(别人写的) There is a dispute over what plays a chief role in one’s personality and develo pment. Some maintain that it is concluded by the characteristic people born wit h, whereas others are confident that it defers to the experiences people have ha d in the life. For my part, I tend to share the latter point of view, and I woul d like to give two major reasons in the following. On one hand, wealth and material status have an import effect on people’s perso nality. According to Maslow’s Theory, basic needs is human being’s primary req uirement. Without solving the basic demand for food and clothes, people’s chara cter is vulnerable to be ruined and can hardly develop in other spheres. For exa mple, there were twins born in a poor countryside. One of them was adopted b y a rich relative and lived in a???? metropolis, but the other stayed in villag e. Thirty years later, the urban son grew up into a prosperous professional, whi le the rural one was uneducated and made a hard life. It is different material c ondition that contributes to this contrast. On the other hand, education, particularly the education from one’s childhood t o adolescence, has a final say on his development. Children are too young to dis tinguish good from bad. They ought to be taken under the guidance of parents an d teachers. Sensible ideas and decent behaviors lead them to become moral person s. Something evil, otherwise, such as violent films and drugs, make them stray f rom the right way. Herewith, people with excellent development are usually wel l educated. To sum up, diverse contributing factors can be identified, nevertheless, I stil l insist that acquired experiences have much more influence on people’s persona lity and development. What we must do is making sure that the positive ones ar e encouraged and the negative ones are eliminated as far as possible.

Version 00113 some people think that university should not provide theoretical knowledge, but to give practical tr aining benefit to society. do you agree or disagree. use your own experience and knowledge to support your idea.
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范文 1 Most universities and colleges spend a rather long period in fundamental theories and elementary courses. But students regard these kinds of knowledge useless, and pay less attention to them. They suggest school pay more time for practical training instead of providing theoretical lessons. In my opinion, however, theoretical knowledge is necessary. And one will definitely benefit from it. First, fundamental theories, such as math and physics, are the basis of other knowledge. To a student who majors in automatic control, the course of control system is the most practical and useful in the future. But if he isn’t good at math and circuit, he will hardly be able to understand the principles and methods of how to control a subject or process. It is just like constructing a building. How can you imagine a spectacular high-rise without a firm groundsill? That is, theories and practices are interrelated. We can ignore neither of them. Second, theoretical basic knowledge provides not only the knowledge itself, but also a way that how to learn and research. University is a place for scientific research and invention. So it is necessary for students to have the skill of doing research. Seeing from another angle, science and techniques are exploding so quickly that present skills will soon be out of date. If one learnt nothing except practical skills, he would also fall behind the society. But if one could master the method of research, he would be able to refresh himself continuously with advanced technology. From all the commentaries above, we can learn the important role of theoretical knowledge. Although pragmatism is very popular today, we should pay enough attention to the basis and principles. 范文 2 Nowhere in the world has the issue of student been so much debated as in our society. In this competitive society, ability of work and employment experience have become very important features of ordinary students’ futur e; therefore, many people think that university should teach students the rea l knowledge that comes from practice and direct experience. The above point is certainly wrong; this essay will outline three reasons.

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The main reason is that students’ study will be delayed and disadvantaged. The academic knowledge of students will be hard to make greater progress in order to practical training and employment experience. In this special period of life, students have the best memory and intellect. If they do not work hard at study, they will lose it that could be balanced by neither good employment experience nor information of outside classroom. If students choose to carefully study academic knowledge in the university, they would gain a better future. Another reason is that current knowledge of students is not enough capable to face practical training’s requirements. If students are not taught professional theoretical knowledge, they just depend on the basal academic knowledge that they studied in the high school. In fact, they are really difficult to progress real practical training and gain abundant employment experience. Last but not the least reason is the professional theoretical knowledge that it is necessary to work of future. For instance, when I graduated from university, I did not have any employment experience. But, I was hired a famous network company. I could gain this work chance, only, because of my professional theoretical knowledge. In conclusion, the students ought to only study theoretical knowledge in the university. It is unnecessary to let university that provides plenty of practica l training 范文 3 Which kind of courses should universities provide: theoretical knowledge or prac tical training? Some people prefer the later one and assert that the practical t raining can benefit our society. Personally, I strongly disagree with their poin t of view for three reasons. Among countless factors which influence my propensity, there is a most conspicuo us one: practical experience should be accumulated in society, not in universiti es. I can think of no better illustration than the saying: “society is another k ind of university” (Mao Zedong). Literarily, in society people can study practi cal knowledge as well as studying theoretical knowledge in universities. Beside s, campus is full of academic atmosphere, and there is totally different from th
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e circumstance in society. Thus, it is difficult for students to accumulate th e real practical experience in campus. The second aspect relates to the importance of theoretical knowledge. Apparentl y, it would seem that some academic subjects, such as mathematics or sociolog y, cannot benefit companies or society directly. In fact, however, they are th e basis of practical subjects, such as management or finance. For example, it i s almost impossible to talk of economics without mentioning the fundamental role s played by statistics and mathematics. Furthermore, universities are where theoretical knowledge is handed down from ge neration to generation. As we know, form Oxford University to Yale University, f rom Beijing University to MIT, universities congregate a lot of preeminent schol ars and professors whose main jobs are the academic research. They are responsib le to impart the academic knowledge to the young generation in case of they ar e faded from our memory. In summary, from what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conc lusion that the theoretical courses are not as obsolete, profitless and unimport ant as some people believed. And our universities should be responsible to provi de the theoretical knowledge 范文 4 along with the shinking job market,the young school leavers found its more and m ore hard to follow the ideal job,therefore ,they place the blame on the universi ties today,saying that courses offered by universities cant provide them the eno ugh practical training which ensure them a decent job , a chanllenging and prom otion position.i dont think that view can hold water.they dont really understan d the function of universities in our society. its impossible that people experience all important events,only by practical tra ining offered by universities.as the speed of which skills is getting obsolete,t he new techolology and science is getting unpredictable.the practical training i s far from the enough.the theoritical knowlege provide us unlimited additional e xperience.we not only can trace back the wisdom of anticedents.we also can kee p up with the development of society.sure,its the second- hand experience.few o
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f us can live over 100years,but all of us can live many lives by learning antice dents's second- hand experience. moreover,the university is not teach us how to earn our bread,but make us ever y monthful sweeter.thats is to say,they can not guarantee our future jobs.but th ey can help me to add energy,to rich inspire,to increase knowledge.which set u s apart from the schools which only vocational trainings.without a solid theorit ical knowledge,the latter cant elicit our creativity. therefore,we should not measure the university only by how many their grauduate s get established in society.结尾忘了,由于作文给了别人,以上所有作文都是回忆的, 这个结尾大家自己补充。 范文 5 Most universities and colleges spend a rather long period in fundamental theorie s and elementary courses. But students regard these kinds of knowledge useles s, and pay less attention to them. Thus, some people think that university shoul d not provide theoretical knowledge, but to give practical training benefit to s ociety. As for me, I think this view is reasonable in some aspects. First of all, the theoretical knowledge just handles problem is an abstract conc ept. It must combine with real job, can just give play to its efficiency. The th eoretical knowledge losing contact with reality is nonsensical. For instance, a s everyone knows, with the development of society, Work position more and more n eed experienced talent, that is to say, they need those people who can combine t heoretical knowledge with practice. So, more offering practice training to unive rsity students can help them to adapt to the society better. Secondly, the theoretical knowledge root in practice. Any theory knowledge is ob tained from the work of practicing. The universities provide practical trainin g to students, make them understand the theoretical knowledge deeply. Just becau se of this, more and more universities stipulate that students should participat e in social work at least one year in the four years, in order to get practica l training.

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However, the theoretical knowledge is the quintessence of practice, and it is th e important course that we can't ignore too. So, theoretical knowledge and pract ice have the equal status in our study. In a word, theory knowledge and practical training are all our required course s. We must study theory knowledge, and then apply it to practice. Just like wha t a famous sayings said: thoughts can give off brilliant light only when put int o actions.

version114 People have different expectation for jobs. Some people prefer to do the same job for the same company, and some people rather than change the job frequently. advantage and disadvantage? 赖劲松老师的范文 1 Some people prefer to stay in the same job for the same company, but others prefer to change jobs fr equently. You should use specific reasons to compare the advantages and disadvantages of both side s. people rarely have an absolute consensus on the controversial issue whether a ma n should intend to go in for a life-time career. These day, very few people pref er to always taking a position. in some senses, a life-time career has its merits. First, if you stick at takin g a post, all angles of the job will have appeared; after some time, you will de finitely have a good command of it. Consequently you may become a veteran of th e field and earn respect or prestige from others. Second, you can establish an e xtensive social connections relating to the field, helping you tear down most o f the barriers standing in the way of your working endeavor. Finally, mistakes o f the routine tasks would be minimized because you have learned the lessons. however, as the modern society develops, experiencing different jobs has its adv antages. Initially, we look at the issue of bribery. Many high-level staff are i nclined to accept bribes via power in hand. However, if he knows that someone el se will soon take his place, such acts can be avoided. We then look at work moti
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vation. If one works for the same company for a long time without promotion, h e may get sick and tired of doing the same daily routine. Nonetheless, a manage r should have qualities of a sense of teamwork and the capability of coordinatio n. Therefore, to try various positions can help you gain ground to be promote d. Conclusion ( 67 words) In summary, staying in the same post can cultivate one to cut out for the job bu t involve one in a boring career while changing jobs frequently can be both adva ntageous by keeping bribery away and providing one with more opportunities of pr omotion and disadvantageous by making mistakes occasionally. In my opinion, peop le should seek a decent and good-paid job and pay little attention to changing i t.

范文 2 Nowadays, whether of not stay in one position for a long time is a problem tha t worried about a lot of people. To understand the solution, let’s take a close r look at the two sides of both at first. The merit of going in for a life-time career is obvious. Firstly, long time work ing in the same position can help one become an expert in this area, for it is n atural to get familiar with your work from every angle and accumulate abundant e xperience. In addition, mistakes of the routine tasks would be minimized becaus e you have learned the lessons. However, the defect is also caused by the long t ime unchanging job. As every one’s patience is different, some may feel that th e longer they do the same job, the less interest and power they may have. In comparison, if one person changes job frequently, he or she never annoy abou t this problem, which is the best advantage of doing like this. Once the worker feels bored with job, changing it directly. But this would mak e one person not good at any subjects that he or she did. What is worst, while t he competition of job is getting sharper and sharper, who can be sure of findin g a job whenever he or she wants?

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Therefore, since each of two ways shows a unique quality, the better way, in m y opinion, is to try some jobs at first in order to make an aim. Once seeking th e job you like, don’t alert it easily and devote yourself to it 范文 3 In the last few years, with the development of society, working in a place all a long has already become history. People can choose their job freely, so, peopl e have different expectation for jobs. Some people prefer to do the same job fo r the same company, and some people rather than change the job frequently. Thi s dispute has brought our attention. First of all, the free choice of the job is the inevitable outcome of the socia l development. People can give play to their different ability in different wor k positions. To a person gifted in many ways, it is very challenging to often ch ange the job. For example, a person has very outstanding ability, in the specifi c field. He can change his job after working some time in one place, in order t o seek kind development. Moreover, a person has very good ability in many aspect s, then, He can often change and work, in order to seek the feeling of freshnes s or raise the quality of life. However, to some people or some specific posts, it is impossible to often chang e the job. For instance, an accountant, he only grasps the knowledge and experie nce of accounting, he can work perfectly within the specific limits, and then ch anging job is unnecessary to him. Furthermore, in order to make the scientific p ayoffs, some scientists dedicate themselves to the scientific undertaking. So, I think whether people should change the job frequently, should depend on th eir personal situation or their working position. As a saying goes, it is one-si ded to treat the question in isolation. Version 00116 Some information in films, books and on the Internet has bad influence on young people and even on society. Some people think such information should be controlled. Giv e your opinion on both sides of view use your own experience and examples 范文 1(据说是 8 分) Nowadays,people can get almost any information from films,books or the internet,
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but some information can have negative influences on young people and even our s ociety. The following essay discusses whether there should be censorship of info rmation in society or not. To begin with, some information is harmful for children, therefore we should pro tect children from some information. By this I mean, children are easily influen ced and they cannot distinguish what is right or real and what is wrong or unrea l, as they are immature, and hey probably imitate what they have seen. As a cons equence, we should protect children from some information such as excessive viol ence or obscene material, so that they can grow up to be valuable members of soc iety. Another point to bear in mind is that some information which could be harmful t o society should be censored. For example, some material that encourages racism, violence or terrorism threatens social security, and it might lead to some serio us social problems, such as crimes. Therefore, the government should ban this ki nd of information in films,books or on the internet. However, people do have the right to choose what they what to know, and they sho uld be allowed access to most information. Further more, most adults are good pe ople and will not be influenced in a negative way easily, thus they should hav e the freedom to decide what they want to know, and the government should not ce nsor all information, as the government is only a group of people after all. In conclusion, parents should strictly control what their children watch or rea d, and the government should censor such information in children’s books, film s or websites. In addition, the government should ban some information which enc ourages racism, violence and terrorism, as it is harmful to society. However, o n the other hand, since it is people’ right to choose what they want to know, t s he government should not censor most information. 范文 2 As the more and more important part of our lives, media plays significant rol e. However, sometimes public may ignore its negative influence on teenagers, eve n our society as a whole. Here, I would like to illustrate my point of view on t he issue.
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Admittedly, it is almost impossible to talk of our vivid lives without mentionin g the vital roles played by various medias, such as books, films and Internet. F irst, as main entertainment and leisure methods, reading, watching films and sur fing on Internet take up our most spare time. And they become the most popular w ay to help us relax after a pressured working day. Second, we have opportunitie s to access to all kinds of up-dated information, news and events reported by me dia. Thus, it is undoubted that mass medias are reshaping our lives, and influen ce our world in a big way. However, we should notice that, in this moment of triumph of media, it also pres ents us realistic and potential hazards along with its benefits. To beginning, b ecause of more and more vehement competition, some medias come to fudge events f or catering the appetite of a few readers and audience. More seriously, some o f them, representing their political groups or governments, may tend to repor t a war with bias. We become content with the second-hand experience. Little b y little, some medias cut us off from the real world. In addition, some books, f ilms and TV programs with pornographic information and glamorizing violence ma y poison the minds of juvenile. It is commonly believed that there is a definit e link between violent movies and campus violence. Last but not least, over addi cting to films, Internet and TV waste children a lot of study time. And it is al ways accompanied with poor academic performance. One of my classmate did not pas s final exam last semester due to surfing on Internet took up his too much stud y time. Obviously, media bring too much negative influence to our teenagers, eve n the society as a whole. In summary, there are still many other reasons can support my inclination, but t he obvious ones have been represented as above. Although so many problems brough t by media need to be resolved, I do believe that, as time passes, governments w ill find a feasible way to change the situation

范文 3 nowaday,people constantly found themselve exposed variety of imformation, imform ation is indeed nessasy to people's life.it bring great benefit to all of us.

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their is no denying that information bring a great convinience to people.Sittin g at home,all we have to do is to press the button,then we can lattest informati on about what peple;s life is like in other country.since we have internet ,we c an research our information need only by doubling the mouse.it open the fantasti c world to us.in our school library.we can check the catelogue of congress to th e team paper for it.information has became an indispensable part of human being. without it,we would act like blind,and could not step forward. Despite the positive infludence the information plays,their passive aspect can t be neglect.the young people are not support to variety of imformation.they don t have enought experience to tell good from bad or right from wrong.for examaple, books with much discription of violence and sex will tempt the children to figh t and commit sex crime. some tv programm are also contamination.there are a lot of pronolograghy thing s which bring bad impart on children.for instance.if a person on tv get what h e or she want by stealing it.children maybe copy this behaviour.therefore,they g ain the unacceptable values,which will be harmful to their further development. To sum up,we should take action to control the increasing the neglected influenc e on the young people.for one thing.instruction and advise is nessasary to thei r education.young people who receive the proper instruction will be more likel y to became the frendly social members.for another ,the strict law should be iss ued to keep them under control.i am sure,information will play more and more fun ction in the future Version 00117 范文 1 Nowhere in the world has the issue of competition and cooperation been so much debated as in our society. Nowadays,the competition is more and more furious between different groups, but many people think that parents teach competition to children that it will be bad for their growth,let them learn how to cooperate that is the most important. Above point is certainly true; this essay will outline three reasons. The main reason is that children’ intellect is not enough capable to analyze right and wrong competition. If children do not have correct teaching, the co
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mpetition easily leads children to a wrong way. For instance, children usually pay attention to match their clothing and toys; in fact, it is really worth competing thing that their study is being ignored. Another reason is that if children work together,they could easily find out an d supply their gaps. Because of limit of age,in order to children’s knowledge is limited so that they have the different strongpoint. When they work together, they can learn the merit from others, and quickly correct their mist akes. Last but not the least reason is the cooperation means common progress. A people’s ability is limited, but group’s power is unlimited.Lots of things are really difficult to complete by personal power. Nevertheless, people work together to solve problems that will become really easy and simple. Thus, it is important to let children get to know signification of cooperation. In conclusion, children ought to learn signification of cooperation and how to work together, in order to their better future. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 2 Competition and cooperation are going along together in the modern society. And there has been an on-going argument on which to be more essential in children’s education. In my opinion, they are both necessary, and the society cannot grow any more without either of them. On one hand, competition concerns about the subsistence of individuals and companies. We can take Motorola for instance. He used to be the strongest cooperation in telecommunication industry. No one could compete with him. But he slowed his steps in exploration of digital communication, which gave a good chance for companies like NOKIA and SIMENCE to develop. And NOKIA now has possessed more than 30% of the market, while SIMENCE 25 %. To individuals,the thing is the same. No employer would like to employ a man without ambition and progressive spirit. On the other hand, we can achieve no goals without cooperation. Along with the division of labor in society, no one can fulfill a task by himself. There ar e many examples in our lives. In the designing process of a PC game, it cost
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many people to work together. Some work on the ideas, some paints the images, some edit the music, and some deal with the programs. Without this cooperation, the production would break down. Since jobs are more and more complicated, the only way to deal with them is separating people into groups, and making them cooperate with each other. You can tell from my comments above, without competitions we will be able to live peacefully though develop slowly, but without cooperation, we cannot live in a modern society. Furthermore,since China put out the one-child polic y, Chinese children are competing with each other drastically, what they are short of is cooperation. So, instead of competition,children should learn more about cooperation. 范文 3 Nowadays, the world in developing at a high speed, therefore, everyone, especial ly children, need to learn how to live in this fast changing day. The problem i s which ability is more important, competition or cooperation? Personally, I bel ieve both of them are essential skills in future life. It seems that learning competition is more useful, for children will live in a c ompetitive environment after they grow up. However, the time of proud of one her o has past. We also could neglect the importance of cooperate, after all, no mat ter how strong ability that a hero has, he or she in also different to beat up t o power of one group. It is why “working with group” in one of basic requireme nts of many companies. Of course, the future society ‘s rule is “Surival is the fittest”, so just be coming an expert of cooperation is far from enough. Stress from society and fami ly impels children to involve in the cruel competition. Studies have shown tha t the children who living in competitive environment will knock their out to stu dy courses and accomplish jobs. It is reasonable to believe that Competition, wh ich is the one of strong power of future society developing, is the basis abilit y of young people. In this way, Competition will playing an important role in ed ucation, and even more powerful. All in all, competition and cooperation must go hand in hand. The key point is k eeps the balance between competition and cooperation during teaching. Only whe n you get this two ability that you walk faster on the way that leads to succes s.
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范文 4 Children education, is always a debating issue. Some people support that childre n should learn how to compete, others opposite that cooperation should be taugh t in schools. Of course, which you prefer depends on your own experience, life s tyle and emotional concern. Here, I would like to illustrate my point of view o n the controversial issue Admittedly, it is commonsense that a person without cooperative spirit will be d ifficult to survive in the modern society. Increasingly, companies come to reali ze that teamwork spirit is one of most important elements, which can positivel y influence their success in business. Consequently, many job recruiters focus o n whether applicants are qualified in this factor. Although cooperation enjoy s a considerable advantage, it cannot compare with competition in two main aspec ts as follows. Among countless factors which influence my propensity, there is a most conspicuo us one: survival of the strongest. In light of Darwin’s evolutionism, no matte r in animal kingdom or human society, only the strongest and fittest one can sur vive. For example, because finding a good job is becoming more and more difficul t, a job applicant must weigh up the competition form others, and show his merit s to interviewers. Thus, a bright career future depends on whether you know ho w to compete with rivals. The second factor relates to the essence of fair competition. As we all know, th ere is not a man who can win everything. Students will know and understand how t o face success and failure through competitive activities. I can think of no bet ter illustration of the idea than the proverb, “failure teaches success” That e . xperience no matter winning or losing, will benefit their future success eventua lly. In summary, from what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conc lusion that competitive spirit will prepare students for the tough things in th e future. As a result, schools should be responsible to provide competitive trai ning or class.
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范文 5 nowaday,competition and cooperation are involved in every field of our life.whic h one is more important to children'education?some emphasis the former,some stre ss the latter,personnally,i think they are of the same important. the main reason why some think competiton is more important to children is tha t they know adult life to be difficult.Finding a job emtremaly are ,for example, competitive activities.as the competition is getting more and more fierce in ou r society,the odds of landing the plum and sought-after is considerably shortene d.the potentially successful applicant,in order to weigh up the competition fro m other applicants,have to place themselves on the position by gaining more expe rience and qualification. the further reason why they advocate the competition is that children often ca n get great efforts in contests.although they cant win at everything,they can d o well at something.by attempting compete with others in viariety of activities, they can learn calm down in victory and smile in failure. competiton,however,make children tend to be selfish and self-centered.some child ren gain their success by hook or crook,or even climbing up by trampling others ' shoulders.this activities only lead to narrowmindedness.,which will be harmfu l to their further development. the only way for compensating it is to let children know cooperation.in footbal l teams,for instant,all players work with joint efforts in order to win the watc hs.our study also need teamwork.for one thing,we compete with others,as a result, we all get great efforts.for another,we help each other by pointing out others'm istakes and reminding words. Human being is social being,Human life is frequantlly as competitive as is the a nimal kindom.only both with competition and cooperation,can we achieve success a nd live in pease and harmony

范文 6 The contentious issue in the domain of sociology in the past mainly concentrate d
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on competition and cooperation still has been steeped in controversy nowadays. T h e key point of it is, which factor has priority in children’ education. In my s s ubmission, they are not contradictory to each other. Not without either of the m c an children gain ground any more. Both of them are required. On one hand, competition is ubiquitous. It exists not only between individual bu t also between groups or community and is more and more furious. Brutal though i t seems to be, it does stimulate our growth. Not to advance is to go back. Suffic e it to say that how outstanding students become. It is because that, even if the y have already got high marks, they often keep studying hard lest someone should c a tch up with them. Sense of competition prompts them to make progress unceasingly.

On the other hand, cooperation is the approach to get ahead, as individual powe r is limited after all. Can one person build up the Great Wall? Obviously no. Mode r n pedagogy also emphasize on fostering children’s collaboration spirits. Take c o mputer-supported cooperative work, groupware that is a type of software designe d for groups and for communication, as an instance. Students are encouraged to acc o mplish systematically ordered instruction tasks by teamwork. During working toge t her they can perceive their own weaknesses and other’s merits as well, which ar e virtual for them to go forwards.
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To sum up, competition and cooperation are inseparable and indispensable in chil d ren education. Without competition we will loosen demand to ourselves, meanwhil e without cooperation we will achieve nothing. We should treat them in dialectica l view. At the same time, as the competition among Chinese children are more fierc e people are more likely negligible to cooperation. So, I slightly tilt towards c o operation.

Version 00118 范文 1 Generally speaking, there has been a gap in the standard of living between cities and rural areas.And in China, the problem is seriously obvious in every corner of social life. Several contributing factors can be identified. In the following, I would like to present my point of view. Although China’s economy is developing very fast, the keystone is the polic y in many eastern big cities. For example, the city of Shenzhen grew quickly several years before, because its policy is widely open and the government expended great effort to help it develop. The development of Beijing and Shanghai is almost the same. But in rural areas, the policy is not that advanced. What the state cares most is the production of food, since China has a huge population. As a result, the progress of rural areas is much slower than that in cities. In addition, the attitude of people in the countryside is greatly different from that of people in cities. The feudal influence in countryside is apparently continuing. People there are still doing everything in traditional manners, many of which are badly impeding their improvement. By contrast, people living in cities have given up many outmoded customs, and worked out some new cultures, which makes their living style more compatible with the progress of the society. Moreover, many former farm laborers have rushed into cities in order to earn
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more money, which makes the supply of farmers sharply inadequate. As a result, people there have to give birth to more children, which causes a vicious circle in that the more they breed, the poorer they live. However, Chinese government has already noticed this problem, and is trying to establish some means to solve it.The way I think most efficient is to pay more attention to the science and technique in agriculture, and free part of the farmers to other occupations. And we also need to go inside the countryside, and bring them the most advanced ideas and cultures. Following this way, our society must develop faster, steadier and more balanced. ================================================= 赖劲松范文 2 When you look back to the last century,amazingly you will find that not only all world's largest populated cities had experienced different population growth rates,but also the difference between the city and the countryside ha d grown accordingly. Two reasons of mine can examine this tendency as following. The glamorous city life allures lots of human resources to move to agglomerate in the city, taking major contribution to the gap. Supporting sentences: In the city, there are many advantages to attract those talented people to settle down--more job opportunities, cultural activities, sporting events, you n ame them.Therefore, even those well-educated people who are originated from th e country intend to lead a dynamic city life instead of returning to face the st atic country view. If the rural government can work out some favorable policies s uch as low prices of land occupied for industrial uses, with the combination of low cost of workforce,investors are willing to establish factories in the countryside. The improvement of employment situation will enormously help pull back some intellectuals and lessen the gap. In the second part, I would mention the factor of transportation. Supporting sentences: The vital resistance of economic development in the countryside is the inconvenient transportation.It has been witnessed in China that almost all leading cities are scattered along the coastline. They take advantages of sea, air and other sophisticated transport facilities to enjoy high economic
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growth rates.I suggest that the central government should fund on infrastructure for the whole nation, including rural areas, to build up a nationwide transport network. Consequently tourism as well as housing in the countryside will be boosted, and the difference between the city and the country would be minimized. To sum up, intelligent resources would determine who is the winner or loser of the intense competition; moreover, transit systems also play an important role in developing economy. If both issues were tackled properly in the countryside, gap between the city and the country would never be overwhel ming. 范文 3 An argument often heard these days is that whether or not the government shoul d put money on building theaters and stadiums. Some believe that instead of spen ding money on this area, Medical care and education, both of which are basic dev eloping factors of one country should be spent more money on. After weighting th e pros and cons, I disagree with this opinion. Firstly, theaters and stadiums are best choice for people relaxing. Most of work ers, especially white collar who often feel nervous after one day’ hard work, n s eed to relax both mentally and physically. Compared with staying at home, it i s much better way to stay in comfortable theater and listen to a wonderful conce rt. In addition, going to theaters and stadiums affect the same effect as educatio n and medical care. Having more chances to go to theaters can help them mold cha racter. There is no better way to keep healthy than doing proper sports in the d aily. In this way, the culture and health will be improved greatly, which play s the same role of education and medical care. Moreover, theaters and stadiums are basis essential facilities to a developed ci ty. Take holding an Olympic games as an example, it is no doubt it will take mil lions of money to build stadiums. Why the winner country is proud of that. Becau se this is a confirmation given by whole world. Of course I don’ mean that the more theaters and stadiums, the better society w t ill be, after all, nothing can take the important place of medical care and educ ation. In summary, the key point is to keep both of this two part developing. Only in t his way, can all people live better in future.
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范文 4 Nowadays, the gap between the city and the countryside becomes more and more ove rt, which arouses colossal concerns. To understand the solution, let’s take a c loser look at the causes of the gap at first. The main reason of the gap is the unequal investment between city and rural are a. China is a typical example. While more and more money is being invested to th e coastal areas and big cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, the lack of invest ment barriers greatly the society development of rural area and western regions The low education level partly sharps the gap. There is no doubt that the prim e force of productivity is education. However, because of poverty, thousands o f people go to work without graduating from primary school. The poorer, the fe w children go to school. This bad cycle finally leads to the dream of rich becom ing a dream that is hard to realize. Moreover, the rural area is short of people with high quality. A survey proved t hat most of university students, whether they come from city or countryside, cho ose big cities instead of poor areas to work. The rural area can neither adept t alent man nor attract talent man. No wonder the gap is increasing largely. Hence, The government ought to knock itself out to decrease the gap as soon as p ossible. First, balance the investment between city and rural area. In additio n, the education level should be improved, especially pay attention on raising h igh quality people. Besides, let more people realize the latent capacity of rura l area in order to attract talent and investment. The set up of CCTV channel12-w estern region channel is a good example. Only when the ways mentioned above are realized step by step, can the gap betwee n the cities and the countryside be bridged.

范文 5 原创:孙肇春 The gap of living in cities and the countryside is larger and larger. What are t he reasons in your country and how to reduce the differences?

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As the step of economic development accelerates, the gap between the city and th e countryside becomes more and more overt, which arouses colossal concerns. Tak e a further look at the phenomenon, there are three major causes. Firstly, the insufficiency of investment in the rural areas accounts mainly fo r the issue. China, for example, covers a very large area. Due to the emphasis o n the development in the coastal areas, the government devotes more investment i n the large cities, such as Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou. The investment, und oubtedly, is repaid by the threefold increase of economy and commerce in these c ities. However, this is not the case in the rural areas and the western region s. The lack of investment barriers the productivity and economic development an d sharpens the gap between the city and the countryside. Secondly, the low education level in the rural areas contributes partly to the g ap of living. Education is the prime force of productivity. Keeping this in min d, many countries and governments give priority to the development of educatio n. China’ education witnessed a rapid growth in the past decade. However, the e s ducation level in the countryside still keeps very low. The enrollment of primar y schools and secondary schools is much lower compared with the advanced region s, not to mention the developed countries in the world. Without good educatio n, the development of economy and technology would be a dream difficult to be re alized. Finally, the influx of migrant workers to the cities from the countryside deteri orates the undeveloped condition in the rural areas. The life style in the urba n areas is very attractive to the people in the countryside. To seek more workin g opportunities, many people abandon the fertile lands and leave them uncultivat ed. If the situation continues, it will lead to serious unbalance of economic an d regional development. To sum up, only when the government renders more concerns over the issue, can th e gap between the cities and the countryside be bridged. (325 words)

范文 6 nowaday,the gap between cities and countryside is getting more and more larger.t
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he factors for it is complex.i would like to disccuss the main reason for the ph enomenon. some place the blames on the few employment opportunity in countryside.today,me n and women crowd into the big cities in order to in seach of employment ,a be tter life .especially young school leavers,including some graduates born from th e countryside,are reluctant to seek a job in countryside.as a result.city gain s more modersization while few attention can be given to the countryside. other contribute it to the goverment's ignoring attitutes to it.every year,gover ment contribute more of limited money to build more musuemes and galleries in bi g cities.they can attract the investment from abroad,anf furturemore,it can impr ove the development of cities.while there are a lot of people in countryside wh o are stilll struggling below the line of poverty.this disequlibrium lead to th e gap. therefore,the contribution and education of contryside should be fully e the gap! with the increasing numbers of guaduates,the employment opportunity of big cit y is getting few and few.while there are a lot of the potentially succesfull op portunity and career development in countryside.all neglacted tasts should be un dertaken,why not go there to play your ability to full? given th

e priority by govenment.government should make good use of every cent to bridg

范文 7 All countries with a vast territory face the problem of uneven development betwe e n cities and countries. The economic development of China, (which has a territor y of 9.6 million square km,) is likened to an eagle spreading only one wing for f l ight. This implies that while the urban area has made great stride during the 20 odd years of reform and opening, the rural region has lagged behind. What with t h
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e external and the internal factors, the gap between them becomes more and mor e o vert. In my submission, what we should do is to suit the remedy to the case. In the first place, the insufficiency of investment in countries accounts mainl y for the issue. It has been witnessed in China that most leading cities are scatt e red along the coastline. It is because that the government devotes more investme n t in such areas as ShangHai and Shenzhen, with implementing widely open policies. However, this is not the case in rural areas. The lack of investment heavily ha m pers the productivity and economic development. So, recently the government ha s b een introducing some effective measures, such as, development of western regions, to offer investors more trade and investment opportunities, with the aim of exp e diting the progress of poverty-ridden interior. In the second place, the low education level in countries attributes to the ga p. The form chairman of China, Dengxiaopeng strengthened the notion repeatedly, “S c ience and technology is the primary productive force.” which illustrates the ma g nitude of education. Although instruction system in China experienced a rapid ad v ancement in the two decades, the level in countries has not gained overt groun d s o far. And in true chicken-or-the-egg fashion, the lag of countries deters the p r ogress in education. So I suggest the government should fund on ameliorating th e education system not only in “hardware” but also in “software”.
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In brief, only when the government renders more concerns over the issue, will w e enable the eagle to spread both wings. Though it is not an easy nut to crac k, I b elieve this situation will be mend gradually.

Version 00119 Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female study in every subject. Do you agre e or disagree. 这个题题目可能有问题,谁都知道每个拥有平等数量的男女生是不可能的,难道在数量上差 一个我们就停课了吗??简直是笑话。所以我觉得可能题目想表达的是机会平等的观点。大 家如果遇到这个题,要看看题目,而且要多举举例。 不同意 男生和女生思维特点不同,个人的喜好也不同,实践表明,更多的男生喜欢理科, 而更多的女生倾向于文科; 生理构造的差异造成的选科上的差异 。比如在高强度训练的军事 专业,强壮的男生就更适合。 同意 天赋人权,人人生而平等与自由。 男女平等,无论男生还是女生都应该享有平等的选择 专业的机会。比如居里夫人就在以前人们认为男人才能胜任的放射性元素研究上取得了杰出 的成就 ================================================= 范文 1 Nowhere in the world has the issue of female rights and interests been so much debated as in our society. Nowadays, plenty of universities limit the number of female students who study in some of subjects; therefore, many people think universities should accept equal numbers of men and female study in every subject, but others have a negative attitude. As far as I am concerned, I think men and women should gain equal educational opportunities, but accepting equal numbers of male and female, in every subject, is unnecessary and impossible. Therefore, I disagree with the view that universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject. My argument in support of my view is as follows. The main reason is that mode of thinking is different between female and male. Everyone, male and female, has equal right to study in universities, nevertheless, due to difference of in thought and views. Men and Women may represent varied study capability. A case in point is that men may poBE BETTER, BE STRONGER; GET SMARTER GET LONGRE Page 66

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ssess more talent than women in mathematics, physics and like stuff. In the study of language, on the other hand, female shows stronger ability than male. In the history of human beings, most scientists, especially those who research abstract theories, are male. Another reason is that nature decides different directions of development bet -ween men and women. Today, although female’s right is being increased, female still plays a different social role. Women are by nature good at house keeping since the biological function of a woman is first to bring children into the world and then to bring them up and it has been proved by some scientists that women are not good at business management, political administer -ation, etc. So, in the study of business and management, requiring equal numbers of male and female is not essential. From what has been discussed above, we may draw the conclusion that accepting equal numbers of male and female students in every subject is impossible and I also disagree with this point of view. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------范文 2 It is obvious that there are far more men than women in college studying science and technical subjects while when it comes to the arts, the opposite is true. But some people claim it will cause serious problems. However, I bel -ieve the phenomenon is very normal. In the first place, subject selection is decided by students themselves,without influences from universities and colleges. Studies show that of men and women think differently. Male students like to major in technical subjects, while female students are more likely to choose the arts. This may be because it is thought that people who major in more technical fields have a better chance to get a higher salary after graduation, since men usually take the burdens of feeding the family. To women, however, what they study is nothing serious for their future lives. In the second place, some work is more suitable for an appointed gender.For instance, nurse schools are open to women only, and infants’ schools like female teachers better. This is all because they are more careful and patient, and less aggressive in nature. By contrast, men fit the job like steel worker and police officer because of their braveness, haleness, and decisiveness.
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From my comments above,you can tell that it is unreasonable for universities and colleges to accept the same number of men and women to study in every subject, due to differences in their natures. It is free for everyone to choose their own way, and no one can force others to get into a certain field. 范文 3 University, a place disseminating knowledge and illuminating people’s mind, ren ders people opportunities to further their study and cultivate their capabilitie s. Some people propose that university should enroll equal number of male and fe male students in every subject. From my point of view, this is not only impracti cal, but also unfeasible. On the one hand, different students have their own research interest and study f ocus, which decide on their career and success. If university enroll equal numbe r of male and female students regardless their interest, the students will los e their motivation and aspiration of study. If a talented writer is forced to st udy mathematics, for instance, he will not become a good mathematician, nor an e xcellent writer. In this sense, university should consider students’ study inte rest instead of pursuing equal number of males and females in one subject. On the other hand, different subjects have their own characteristics. For exampl e, histories make men wise; poets, witty; mathematics, subtle; natural philosoph y, deep; moral, grave; logic and rhetoric, able to contend. It is common that mo st students in science and engineering are males, while the majority of student s in nursing and education are females. Some jobs, such as navigating a boat, pl ying a plane and working in extreme circumstances, are more suitable for male s, for males have higher ability to endure hardship. Likewise, some positions be come females only, such as, nurses, baby-sitters, secretaries, assistants, texti le workers and so on. If university enrollment ignores the differences in se x, a person cannot perform properly in their position. In conclusion, it is not a good idea for university to enroll equal number of ma le and female students, because the characteristics of subjects differ from eac h other and students have their right to choose the subject they are interested 范文 4 Nowadays, more and more people, particularly feminism supporters, help to improv e women’s place in society. They indeed play a vital role in helping improve wo
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men’ status. However, Some of them are too dogmatic to the equal right of two g s enders. They argue that universities should accept equal numbers of male and fem ale study in every subject. Although being a girl, I feel this opinion is unreas onable. It is natural that different genders have different talents. Everyone, male an d female, has equal right to study in universities, nevertheless, due to differe nce of in thought and views. The male has more powerful ability in logical analy sis while the female naturally good at designing and making handicrafts. Henc e, universities should establish an educational atmosphere for different gender s in which students are more likely to be stimulated to study what they’re goo d at. Pursuing absolute equal numbers of male and female study in every subject is uns cientific. For example, few girls like to study subjects like mechanics and math ematics, which are favored by a lot of boys. It is also hard to find male studen ts in nursing school. If we make a rule that seems to be “equal”, it would lea d to the results that student can’ fulfill their wishes .In the long run, the d t evelopment of those subjects will be confined. All in all, I believe it is unreasonable that universities should accept equal n umbers of male and female study in every subject. Giving each gender equal chanc e to choose majors is a much better way. 范文 5 Apparently, it would seem that universities should accept equal numbers of mal e and female student to study in every subject. In fact, however, men and wome n should share equal opportunities, not the equal enrolment figures in every sub ject. Among countless factors which influence my inclination on this issue, there i s a most conspicuous one: different academic aptitude results in unequal percent age between men and women in some subjects. In light of medical research, as fo r women, their left hemisphere of brains are more developed than their right hem isphere of brains, leading to their strong suits are arts, such as linguistic s, language. By contrast, men are good at science and technology due to their di fferent brain structure from women’s. Thus, it will be a ridiculous decision t
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o admit equal numbers of male and female students in same major regardless of th eir different academic aptitude. The second reason relates to the careers that men and women will engage after gr aduation. As we know, no matter male or female students have rights to choose th e majors what they are interested in, whereas, it may be found that some jobs co ncerned with their majors are not suitable for them. For example, it is undoubte d that the kindergartner is not an appropriate profession for men. Besides, man y companies still do not change their prejudice to female students in some field s. Sometimes, they may reject a qualified female applicant because of their disc rimination attitude. Obviously, whether they can successfully find jobs is anoth er factor that students have to consider before study. In summary, judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely arrive at the c onclusion that universities do not need to accept equal numbers of male and fema le students. More importantly, the equal work opportunities without sexual discr imination should be provided.

范文 6 Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female study in every subje ct. Do you agree or disagree? In such society as advocating everyone-is-equal theory, some equalitarian espous e that the quantities of male students and female students should be tantamoun t in the same subject during their academic study. This issue seems to be steepe d in controversy, while if asked to how to reckon it, I would take a dim view o f it, as it is much too overdoing and impossible to carry out. In the first place, as prominent psychologist Fred put it: “the interests are t he best instructor”, individual interests have top priority when student pick u p their majors. Moreover, interests vary even of the same gender, let alone diff erent one. Namely, it is unimaginable that there are equivalent boys and girls i n the same classroom. In the second place, some courses such as engineering are more suitable for mal e students, while the opposite is true when it comes to liberal arts. From physi
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cal aspects as well as psychological term, the main reason is that mode of think ing is different between different sex. Men are apt at logical thinking, while w omen are inclined to thinking in image. Therefore, it is not necessary to invari ably emphasize absolute equality at that kind of situation, otherwise it is detr imental to the entire society. What a disaster it should be if you experienced s uch condition, as you perceived half of male nurses in hospital or female stee l workers tying the male ones. Judging from all analyses offered, we might reasonably come to conclusion tha t, it is unpractical and uncalled-for to restrict male and female students to pa rallel subjects.

V120 What are the purposes of places such as museums and how should they be funded? 孙肇春 范文 1: Nowhere in the world has the issue of museum’s progress been so much debated as in our society. N owadays, more and more museums have to face the serious economic problem. Therefore, many pe ople doubt museum’s existent signification. In this essay we will discuss the existent signification o f museum and the solutions, such as buying by government and supporting by society Firstly, museum is considered the historical symbol that it exhibits traditiona l culture of a nation. Nations of difference have different culture and histor y. The museum is the best way to let the younger generation savvy their ancesto r’s history and let visitors and foreigners know varied culture and tradition. Secondly, museum could save plenty of cultural relics that they are not destroye d and lost. The equipments of museum could perfectly save all kinds of display s. As a result of the future of museum, the outlook is somewhat grim. People alread y realize this problem exists and are trying to solve it. For one solution, the government ought to buy all museums. If museum belong to g overnment, it will means main economic problem of museum is solved. The second solution is that society ought to donate lots of money to maintain de velopment of museum. The museum protects our history and culture, so we have obl igation to support progress of museum.
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The important thing is to protect current museums before it’s too late. Otherwi se we will lose them. 范文 2 Museums illuminate the culture, history and arts of the world. Every country and government spare no effort or money to enrich the collection of museum s to cater for different tastes or needs of people, for the benefit of the prese nt and future generations.There are bounteous museums all over the world. The British Museum, which is maybe the largest one in the world, provides visitors with all-round knowledge about the world culture and arts. The visitor s to the museum are all overwhelmed by the magnificence of the culture and history of mankind. If one wants to know about the development of human science and industry, he can have a tour to The Museum of Science and Industry located in Chicago, the United States,where a detailed scientific progress is presented vividly. You cannot miss every achievement human beings have made in history and you are sure to be shocked by the civilization o ur forefathers created. If one wants to have a browse of the important events in the past, American Museum of Photography is the best choice. It a bounds in precious historical pictures and gives visitors unforgettable memory. Apart from the state-owned museums, there are also innumerable private museums whose purpose is to exhibit their cherished collection and popularize kn owledge. With a view to giving people updated information and rendering them a more detai led overview, many countries invest a great deal of money in the foundation of m useums, because museums disseminate human knowledge and culture, which are more significant for the development of the young generatio n. Besides, entrepreneurs and individuals should also lay a fund for the improvement and rebuild of museums.The prosperity of human culture is not only the responsibility of the government, but also the responsibility of ever y individual and organization. (295 words)====================== 范文 3 It is almost impossible to talk of human civilization without mentioning the sig nificant roles played by some places, such as museums, art gallery and so on. Fr
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om London to Paris, from Beijing to New York, museums attract millions of visito rs from all over the world annually. Museum is where people go to get their education and entertainment. Nowadays, mo re and more parents are energetic for taking their children to visit history mus eums or art museums in weekend, because they find the collections and antiques d isplayed in museums can stimulate their children’ curiosity and enlarge their s s cope. Besides, recent years, some entertainment facilities were equipped in man y China’s museums. For example, in Beijing Aviation Museum, visitors have chanc e to steer glider under the guide of pilots. Obvious, museums have become vita l parts of our lives. The second main purpose of museums is related to the protection of culture. As w e know, a lot of cultural relics, literature and antiques are exhibited in vario us museums ranging from history museum to technical museum, from militaries muse um to sea museum. Here, visitors will not miss any achievement our ancestors hav e made and they will be shocked by human civilization. We cannot find better pla ces than museums to protect those symbols of human history and culture. However, partly because of limited fund from governments, partly because of inef ficient management, more and more museums have to face severe financial problem s. It is commonly believed that our governments should burden more responsibilit ies and invest a great deal of money on museums. Besides, the managers of museum s also should solve those troubles by themselves, such as improving management e fficiency, increasing the price of tickets and selling souvenirs. In summary, as the symbol of human civilization, museums take up very significan t positions in our lives. There are still many troubles need to be solved, howev er, I do believe that, as time passes, people will come to realize the value o f museums eventually. 范文(严禁模仿) ------------------discussion-------295words in total--------------Introduction (44 words) It is well known that a museum is a building to display a collection of artisti c, historical,cultural or military objects. Undoubtedly museums can have a variety
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of purposes in the city; I think two roles the museums play can illustrate the y are worth visiting. Body1 (89 words) Visiting museums is informative. (topic sentence) Once I visited a military muse um in Beijing,China, soon I learned that an ancient warrior might have outfought hi s enemies in combat if he had had great strength while a modern soldier should b e armed with sophisticated weapons.Therefore present soldiers should spend far m uch time on studying modern technology instead of building up muscles. Likewis e, If you visit other museums, you will have a better perception on a certain fi eld, because you can witness some genuine objects which cannot be seen on book s. Body2 ( 65words) In addition, a museum can function to cultivate one's sense of patriotism.(topi c sentence) In china, schools often organize trips to some historical museums. W hen the students learn that many years ago, a number of countries invaded Chin a robbing treasure and killing Chinese civilians, promptly they will establis h a strong sense to defend the nation, revealing that only a strong motherland c an give them pride and safety. Body3 ( 74words) Now we talk about how to fund a museum. A museum can never be considered as a fi nancial burden to society. I suggest that the Government should invest a small a mount of money on advertisements for the museums in the city. For example, ads o f the museums should be forwarded on the travel brochures or maps of the city. C onsequently tourists come and admission tickets are collected. Both reputation a nd funds are earned. Conclusion (23 words) In brief, museums should play a role as an instructive means of the city and inc omes from admission can keep them running properly.

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Version 00121(2003 年 A 类新题) some people think visitors to others countries should imitated local custom and behaviors. some people disagree, they think the host country should welcome culture different. discuss the two views, and give your own opinion. 一些人认为游客需要模仿和适应当地的风俗习惯,而另一些人不赞同,他们认为这些国家应 该欢迎外来的文化。请讨论这 2 方面,并给出你的观点 点评:这个 essay 的写法要注意它的要求。讨论 2 方面的观点,并给出自己的想法。 个人认为可以采用 4 段式的写法: 1。开头陈述 2。对第一个观点给出其成立的理由 3。对第二个观点给出其成立的理由 4。采用折中的方法阐述自己认为 2 个观点都有其合理性,应该辨证的看待,都不能 忽略 下面给出支持这 2 方面观点的理由: 第一个观点 1。对当地的风俗的了解可以帮助外来者快速的适应新的环境 2。每个地方都有自己独特的人文,通过风俗习惯可以接触更多的思想文化 3。过多的外来思想会侵蚀当地的文化传统,外来者对当地习惯的模仿可以减 少这方面的冲击。 第二个观点 1。外来思想带来新的理念,为当地的人文注如活力 2。外来的思想可以引发变革,对当地的经济和日常生活起着推动作用 3。外来思想和传统文化的交流可以帮助人们对其他地区和国家的了解。 ================================================ 范文:1 (dadafangfang 原创) some people think visitors to others countries should imitated local custom and behaviors. some people disagree, they think the host country should welcome culture different. nowadays, giant jumble jets carry millions of people each day to and from almost all corners of the globe, giving most people the chance of visiting distant countries. however, many of us are sometimes troubled by unfamiliar customs and traditions and are puzzled by the way foreigners behave. in my essay, both sides of the argument would be presented and analyzed as
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to whether we should follow the customs of the visited country, or should all nations be more willing to embrace exotic culture. some people maintain that it is better for one to adopt host countries'culture for the following reasons. first of all, as the old saying goes, when in rome do as the romans do,by observing and following their particular way of doing thing, travelers can greatly reduce the chances of misunderstanding and embarrassment. for instance, it is advisable not to ask a western lady personal questions such as her age or her marital status on the first meeting, which is common practice in china. secondly, a nation’s customs and traditions are often fascinating and offer a unique insight into that very country. Obvio -usly, people travel in order to broaden their horizon or merely to relax and enjoy themselves. but these aims could not be satisfactorily fulfilled if they have no idea about a country’s culture. moreover, your interest in and understanding of their ways of life could help to establish a rapport with the local people, because people feel respected when their customs and behaviors are understood and imitated. and by doing things in their way, you become unconsciously a member of them and thus will no long experience culture shocks. however, others also have strong reasons to believe that a country should tolerate and embrace foreign culture. in the first place, no country should cling to its old customs and traditions at all cost and expect others to followsuit. culture should also be subject to changes brought about by advances in science and technology and the process of globalization. like everything else, numerous traditional practices have been abandoned and people are for ming/creating new customs all the time. besides, instead of challenging and damaging the local traditions, the customs brought by international visitors actually help to enhance our awareness of our own culture, by pointing out that what we took for granted is really not universally praised but rather unique characteristics of our own. in china, for instance, the spring festival is being celebrated with ever more enthusiasm despite the popularity of Christmas. moreover, it is unjustifiable and unrealistic to expect visitors to alter their ways of doing things,to while they have a right, and pick up some new behaviors and customs on short notice. many chinese americans,for example, still live exclusively in china towns and celebrate all the traditional chinese holidays. like a religious belief, one should be allowed to follow their own
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customs whenever and wherever they like. as far as i am concerned, i agree with the latter view that people can keep their own customs and nations should welcome culture differences and integrate the positive aspects from other culture to update their own. apparently, if all are open-minded about different traditions and behaviors, the idea of a global village could come true in corner of the earth, with people living in harmony and each enjoy his own cultural heritage. 文章绝对原创,但是篇幅太长,考试只需 250 即可,此文仅供大家学习语言表达法。希望大 家批评指正。 ================================================= 另 [原创 dadafangfang]v121a 正反理由 20 条(英文) 注意:使用的语言有一定难度, 对于那些只要靠六分的同学来说, 完全可以用更简单的语 言加以表达。仅供参考。 for: 1. if we observe the local customs and rules we could reduce the chances of offending the locals and misunderstanding consciously or unconsciously. 2. many embarrassments and conflicts are results of differences in custom and traditions between the tourists and the locals, the solution to which woul d be for the visitors to appreciate and imitate local culture and behaviours. 3. for instance, many a time, american ladies are embarrassed by repeated questions about marriage, age, weight, and salary raised by chinese visitors who are only trying to be friendly by showing concerns over personal matter s, which, by the way, is the right thing to do in china. 4. understanding and following their way of life shows our respect for the local people and thus makes it easier to establish good relationship with the m. 5. odd as some of the customs seem, they enable us to better appreciate that country’s culture and traditions, the very thing that sets up apart. 6. experiencing and appreciating others culture and custom are the purpose for travelers, but one could never fully understand a nation’s tradition until he has gained first-hand experience through following and practicing it’s unique custom. 7. when in rome do as the romans do. 8. it gives you insight into another culture, brings you better understanding
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of the countries that you visit. 9. by doing things according to their custom, we can better understand them and become more tolerant toward differences, the very quality that enable us to live in harmony. 10. through accepting and practicing other custom, we broaden our minds and become more open-minded toward everything else. 11. though natural to the local people, their custom and tradition always seems fascinating to visitors from other parts of the world, the imitating of which makes the travelers life more colorful. against: 1. like religious belief, people are entitled to their traditions and custom, and should not be forced to forsake/abandon them when they travel to a different place. 2. it is unrealistic to expect visitors coming afar to readily pick up the local custom for their own culture are deep-rooted and dearest to them. 3. take many chinese americans for example. although they have spent dozens of years in the states, it is still hard for them to celebrate the Christmas instead of the traditional chinese spring festivals. 4. like anything else, culture can’t remain static, especially in light of the profound technology revolution taking place worldwide; it should have the resilience to embrace culture differences so as to appeal to larger numbers of people, especially the younger generation, who stands at the forefront of changes and take up new things readily. 5. as a kind of unofficial ambassadors, travelers bring different culture to the destination country, which not only enriches their lives but promote mutualunderstanding as well. 6. nowadays, we are experiencing a kind of cultural integration, whose advantages far outweigh its disadvantages. 7. had it not for the tolerance of chinese people toward foreign culture, people in china would have stick to the rigid system of wearing long robes on all occasions for women and men alike, which is cumbersome and wasteful of cloth. 8. culture understanding and exchange can promote world’s economy becau -se there have been numerous cases in which the failure to take into conside -ration of another culture had lead to great economic losses.
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9. paradoxically, for any nation to preserve its unique culture heritages, she has to first embrace cultural difference in order to increase the awareness of its own culture for its citizens. 范文 2 travelling to a different culture can be an overwhelming,indeed,even an intimida ting experience.it is very easy for misunderstandings to occur,and tourists ar e often deterred from places of cultural interest through fear of offending th e indigenous people.therefore,some would argue,it is up to the locals to accomod ate visitors by speaking their language,serving their cuisine,and generally maki ng them 'at home'.without doing this,local perple can be considered as unfriendl y and viewed with suspicion by travellers.consequently they are dissuaded from s taying,which is ultimately detrimental to the local community,as the tourists ta ke their spending-money with them. the counterview argues that acting naturally does not necessarily equate with be ing unfriendly.if a local person wishes to live their life as his or her ancesto rs have done for centuries then visitors should show respect and allow them to d o so.in fact,many would argue that immersing one's self in a different culture i s vital in order to truly appreciate it.nothing is gained by travelling,potentia lly,thousands of miles to experience the same language,food and culture that cou ld have been found a few miles down the road from one's house.ultimately,it i s a waste of money,nothing is learned from the experience,and the memories save d will be less vivid. this is the point of view i take.although it is vital for many countries' econom ies to welcome tourists,it does not have to imitate them so as to encourage thei r stay.if travellers have the right mind-set and show respect,all they need to d o is to let the locals carry out their day-to-day lives to gain many insights in to the culture.in this way,visitor and host can mutually benefit each other,thro ugh an increased income,and an enriching experience,respectively. 范文 3 nowaday,the culture shock exists between the tourists and host country.therefore, some people consider should try to model themselves on the local culture and con vention.personally,i totally agree with the above point.

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firstlly,by abserving and understanding of local culture,the tourists can reduc e the chance of offending the locals and misunderstanding consiously and unconsi ously.in manchu area of china,people think the dog is their anticedent.if you co me there,you must always show respects and love to dog,otherwise it will lead t o the embarrassment and conflict. secondly,understanding and following the activites of local people can show ou r respects to them.by doing things with their way,we will be easy to establish t he good relationship with them.the local residents often feel friendly when thei r culture are imitated and understood.they are unconsiously bring us into the me mbers of them. in addition,imitating can let us gain insigts into other countries.we not only c an know whats people's life is like in other counties,we also can be enlarged ou r knowledge and broaded our horizon,which will be cherish wealth in our life. to sum up.tourists should adjust themselves adapt to the local habits and custom s,which will make them fully enjoy their travel and live in harmony! 范文 4 Recent years, because traffic is convenient day-by-day, people have a more chance to travel aroun d the world. The plane can make us reach any corner of the earth in a short time. Some people thin k visitors to others countries should imitated local custom and behaviors. Some people disagree; the y think the host country should welcome culture different. As the a famous saying goes: Do as they do at Rome. The knowledge of local custo m can help outside person adapt to the new environment rapidly. Moreover, each p lace has the own unique culture, may keep in touch more ideology and culture thr ough the local folkways and customs. For instance, a Chinese people came to Brit ain, he can imitate British life style. In this way, He can understand British h abit more thoroughly, thus, make himself live a more comfortable life in Britai n. On the other hand, the outside thought has a lot of positive influence on loca l culture too. For example, the outside thought could bring the new theory and i nject vigor into local culture. The exchanges of outside thought and traditiona

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l culture can help people to find out about the culture of other areas and count ries. Making a general survey of human history, it is a positive trend that the nation ality has been merging all the time. So, we should not only propagate local cult ure for the outside people but also study outside culture and custom. In this wa y, the earth would become a family, all the people would get along harmoniously.

范文 5 121 As the world grows smaller, as ever-increasing numbers of people travel, work or study abroad, more attention is being focused on how to treat culture difference. It has risen as to the issue of whether foreigner should follow the custom of visited country, or host nation should greet the exotic culture. Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument on both sides. Some people claim that visitors should learn and suit local culture and behavior, which is benefit for both visited nation and exotic people. As far as visited country is concerned, it is an effective measure to protect local custom and culture heritage that is formed through thousands of years. To foreigners, by learning local custom and culture they understand the behavior and way of local citizen, and adapt to the society quickly. In addition, it is a good chance of broadening their horizon and expanding their experience. However, other people also have strong reasons to argue that any nation should embrace the different culture. At first, Foreigners usually take many novel ideas and things that will enrich the entertainment and recreation. In the second place, visitors might push the economic development of host country. For example, in Chinese history, Zhenhe took many new technique such as weaving cloth, agriculture and making wine to south-east Asia, which exerted great influence on local people's lives. Last of all, in the era of information, for a company or a nation it is good way to gain undefeated position only by learning external world and making others to learn yourself. Taking into account of all these factors, I am in favor of the latter view that nation should embrace the difference culture and absorb it's merit. In the near
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future, all the people on the earth will break through the border of nation and live in one happy family.

V121 Nowhere in the world has the issue of culture shock been so much debated like i n our society. Nowadays culture shock stands out particularly between tourists a nd host countries, therefore dozens of people considered visitors should try t o adapt local traditional culture and habit of living. The above point is certai nly true, this essay will outline three reasons. The main reason is that respecting the custom and behavior of the host country c an help tourists understand its culture. For instance, in Islamic countries, the ir belief is that the people can’t eat pork; they think that pig is not a symbo l of spotlessness and pig will sully their holy belief. Therefore, when the visi tors come to the Islamic countries, they should accept the custom, and then the y will be greeted by indigene. There is no better example than this to demonstra te the strength of this point. Another reason is that it is the best way to express tourists’ respect. Everyon e state owns her behaviors and custom; history saw the development of this count ry. For example, when tourists go to visit host country, perhaps some of thing s are so out of fashion. However visitors also admire local culture and custo m, it will be good for their communication with indigene. Last but not the least reason is based on the reason of safety. Considering pers onal safety, visitors should pay attention to their manners and actions. Sometim es, rude actions will be brought dangers for tourists. In conclusion, the tourists should respect and understand local traditional cult ure and custom of host country. Otherwise it will be chill journey for visitors. 121 Nowadays, tourism is developing flourishingly and more and more people travel abroad. When people visit others countries, facing the local customs and behaviors, should imitate it or not, there is a hot debate.

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Some people hold that we should imitate the local customs and behaviors of the foreign country. First of all, respect is one of the most important factors while we visit others countries. Understanding and following their way of life shows our respect for the local people and thus makes it easier to establish good relationship with them. Secondly, many embarrassments and conflicts are results of differences in custom and traditions between the tourists and the locals, the solution to which would be for the visitors to appreciated and imitate local culture and behaviors. If we don’t experience their customs and behaviors by ourselves, it is hard to understand the local people and culture. By doing things according to their custom, we can better understand them and become more tolerant toward differences, the very quality that enable us to live in harmony. Thirdly, the foreign custom and traditional always seems fascinating to visitors from other parts of the world, the imitating of which makes the travelers life more colorful. On the other side, however, those who oppose the above viewpoint believe that the host country should welcome culture different. In the first place, as a kind of unofficial ambassadors, travelers bring different culture to the destination country, which not only enriches their lives but promote mutual-understanding as well. Besides, imitating is not the best or the only way to understand the local customs and behaviors well. The understanding of the foreign culture also can be through careful observing and intently perceiving. What’s more, for any nation to preserve its unique culture heritages, she has to first embrace cultural difference in order to increase the awareness of its own culture for its citizens. In addition, it is unrealistic to expect visitors coming after to readily pick up the local custom for their own culture and deep-tooted and dearest to them. And we are experiencing a kind of cultural integration, whose advantages far outweigh its disadvantages. People of both sides have their own sound reason to support their opinions. Taking all the above into consideration, to be honest, it is difficult for me to make a decision and I have to hold a balance point of view. It is need not to imitate the foreign customs and behaviors completely, and at
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the same time, understanding the local culture through this kind of way is not a bad way.

下面是小作文专题:
105 t1 A The chart shows the status of government finance in four countries, England Amer ica, Kenya, D, and it classifies the expenditure in four part, including Educati on, Defense, Health, and other. The common ground of four countries is expenditure in other accounts for the pri mary part, which all are close to seventy per cent. The cost in health is also s imilar in four countries. From the chart we could know that the invest in healt h in these countries holds ten per cent in all government expenditure equally, e xcept in England, the health expenditure of which is about fifteen per cent. The differences are in the part of the cost in Education and Defense. In Englan d and America, the governments pay more attention to the defense. Respectivel y, there are ten per cent in the full cost in England and fifteen in America. O n the other hand, In Kenya and D, more expending is used in Education, the cos t of which is about fifteen per cent. The cost in Defense in both countries i s a little. verson 105 task 1,请大家来评能得几分 The above four pie charts show the expenditure condition in four countries, Kore a, America, Britain, and Kenya during 1990-1995. It infects the great differenc e that exists between wealthier and poorer nations. As we can see from the pie charts, American and British people tend to spend mor e money on defense and health. The proportion of health in America and Britai n, which occupied/took up/comprised 15% and 17% respectively, was higher than th e other two countries. The proportion of defend was over 20%, particularly in Am erica up to 21%. The corresponding figures for Kenya and Korea were 4% and 5% ea ch. The noticeable character of expenditure in Korea and Kenya was higher expense pr
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oportion on education. There are 16% and 12% of the total expenditure used by th em on education. These figures were overwhelmingly higher than the correspondin g figure of 6% in America and 5% in Britain. These four countries have similar condition in the expenditure aspect of educati on, defend and health, which was about 70% of the overall outgoings. A 106 task 1 The following charts describe the situation of patent application. Chart 1 is ab out trends of patent application form 1985 to 1999. Chart 2 shows the proportio n relevant to residents and non-residents in USA, Japan, Brazil and Zabya. In Chart 1, the column figures illustrates the number of native people in USA i s about 90000, while the non-native figure is 85000. Though the total number i s much than the situation of Japan, there are 140000 native people applied for p atent in this country. However, only 30000 applications are about non-resident s. At the same time, Brazil only contains native application and Zabya only hav e non-native application. Regarding Chart 2, the line graph shows an increasing trend of patent applicatio n. From 1981 to 1995, the figure climbed steady with some slight fluctuation. Ho wever, after 1995, this increasing trend began to ascend dramatically from 3 mil lion applications to almost 7 applications. From the charts, in developed countries such as Japan and USA, the number of pat ent application cases is numerous, while developing countries have low figure s. The patent applications improve rapidly recently. 108 task 1 The following curved chart show the situation concerning the costs of videos sal es and rentals trade in EU and US from 1992 to 2000. The abscissa of the chart r epresents the value of each element, and the ordinate figures the time durin g 8 years. In rental trade, there are dramatically different between the situation of US an d EU. in 1992, there are almost$6000 profits in US. However, the trade in EU on ly generalized $2500 at the same time. Then the trend kept climbing in followin g year though there were still some little drops in US, while EU got the decreas e from $ 2500 to $1500. Regarding the situation of sales trade, there were very close figures in 1992 re spectively $2000 in US and $1800 in EU. Then the data in US had ascended witho
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ut any fall in the period. Simultaneously, after a series fluctuations, the dat a in EU dropped to $1000 in 2000. From the chart, the value about videos sales and rental in US is much than EU. R entals are popular in US during this stage, while sales were developing very fas t. Both rental and sales in EU kept drop from 1992 to 2000.

109

TASK 1Life-span is known as a matter of great concern for the general publ

ic in our society from ancient time to now. According to the above table we ca n obtain some information about the life-span from 1911 to 2001 in the UK. In 1911, only 73 men and 100 women were 100 or more 100 years old. However, in 1 941, the number of people who can reach to 100 years old increased to 449 that i ncludes 132 males and 317 females. Then, the number reached to 2332 in 1971 whic h contains 287 males and 2035 females. In 2001, the number of males is about 53 6 while approximately 4085 are females hile males only went up about 7 times . Judging by the figures, we are fully justified in declaring that with the develo pment of the science and technology, the people’s life-span is increasing slowl y and most of them are women. Another important phenomenon is that i n 2001 the number of females increased 40 times than the males’ number in 1911 w

110 task 1 The first bar chart show that the goals of the learners could change with thei r age, under 26 about 90% people start for their careers. While only about 10% a re just for their interests. However when people are over 49, over 70% people ar e for their own interest, comparing with less than 40% for careers. This is an i nteresting situation. Companying with the increase of age, from under 26 to abov e 49, the percentage of the people studying for careers is decreasing graduall y, from 90% to 40%. By contrast more and more people study for interest from abo ut 10% up to about 75%, and they are equal approximately during 40 and 49. According to the second chart, there is a waving change between age and employe e support. Indeed, the highest spot of employee support is under 26,up to 60%. T hen the percentage is diminishing step by step. And during 30and39,it reaches th e lowest spot ,about 30%.next,it increases slowly again. s gotten about50%.
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Until above 49,it ha

成都朗阁雅思 http://chengdu.longre.com

Those two charts demonstrate the interesting relationship between people’ age g s oal and employee support.

111 task 1the following chart describes the situation regarding underground tran sportation in London, Paris, Tokyo, Washington DC, Kyoko and Los Angel. The major cites founded their subway system in the 20th century, which was in To kyo, Washington DC, Kyoko. London firstly completed its underground work and beg an to operate in 1836. the lastest time that Los Angel had had its subway was af ter 136 years. London has the longest underground railway distance, which is almost 2 times tha n Paris. Tokyo and Washington DC have similar datum which are 149 kilometer an d 114 kilometer respectively. Kyoko only contains 11 kilometer of route length. Though the longest route is in London, the most carrying capacity is Tokyo's sub way system. It carried about 1434 million passengers per year, while 548 milli on people in London at the same time. The figures in Washington DC are not achie ved 100, only 70 per year. Kyoto only carries 11 million people which is the low est carrying capacity in all six cities. verson 111 task 1 there is a table which illustrates the relative data about underground system i n six countries, london, paris, tokyo, washington d.c, kyoto and los angeles. in 1983 the first railway was built in london, which is the longest railway (110 0km) in the six cities. the carrying capacity reach 548 million people per yea r. as a countries having railway earlier, paris established the first undergroun d in 1890 and 850 million people per year were carried by using 548 kilometer ra ilway. comparatively, tokyo has relatively less railway (149 km), but it carrie s most people per year about 1434 million people. similarly, the railway in lo s angeles is used effectively. people in los angeles use 14 km railway to carr y 306 million people per year when it was built in 2001 firstly. overall, the cities ,having the first railway and the longest railway, the railw ay of having the biggest carrying capacity, the most effective railway are londo n, tokyo, los angeles respectively

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verson 113

task 1 看完给些意见。 was divided into five short peri

there is a chart which illustrate the number of softwoods and hardwoods in new s outh wales, australia from 1990 to 1998, which ods. as we can see from the diagram, the number of softwoods increased steadily fro m the period of 1990-1991 to the period of 1996-1997, peaking at x1, and then de creased slightly in 1998. however, there was a slight increase in the number o f hardwoods at the first three periods. by 1996 this trend continued to climb u p at a quicker rate especially from 1997 to 1998 and reached a peak at x2. obviously, the number of the hardwoods went up dramatically during the whole per iod while the corresponding data of the softwoods fluctuate slightly. i rather s ay, both the numbers of hardwoods and softwoods went up gradually the first 7 ye ars, while softwoods come down to the level similar to that of the year befor e, noticeably, hardwoods multiplied its number to more than two time in 1998 tha n one year before

114

TASK 1

According to an investigation of girls and boys watching TV in a school day, w e can see that fewer and fewer students have a chance to watch TV being face wit h a heavy school day. It is shown in the table that about 50 percent of girls and boys can watch TV fo r 1 to 5 hours. Approximately 20 percent of girls have less than 1 hour to watc h TV and the percentage of boys is much lower, which is almost the same as the s ituation of watching for 5 to 9 hours. We will be astonished to see that less th an 5 percent of children have no time to watch TV but the same percentage of the m have more than 9 hours to watch. As is described in the table, we can find that the latest time is allowed for wa tching TV is centered on the time between 7:30pm to 11:00pm. Nearly 50 percent o f children have to stop watching at 7:30pm to 9:30pm and 40 percent at 9:30pm t o 11:00pm. Nevertheless, there are still a few students indulge in the TV worl d after 11:00pm.

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关于 V118task1 美国黄石公园火灾范文 The flow diagram shows how a forest is regenerated in a national park after bein g destroyed by fire. The following report describes the process in greater detai l. First of all, the forest is hit by lightning and a fire breaks out. The fire spr eads quickly because the trees are very close together and there are also old pi eces of wood lying on the ground and as a result the forest is completely destro yed by the fire. However, after the forest has been burnt down the ash from th e trees fertilizes the soil and creates ideal condition for plant growth. In the next 50 years seedlings from the trees begin to grow and the trees contin ue to grow until the forest is back to its former state, which takes 300 or mor e years. In conclusion, forests can regenerate themselves, but it takes a long time and a s forests are important for the environment, their protection is also important. 118 小作文 This is a flow chart that describes how the trees in the yellow stone park in th e USA will be replanted. After the light and fire had destroyed the trees, most of the trees became soi l and dead wood gradually. Then some saplings were planted in the area which wa s destroyed by the light and fire. In the next 50 years, the young trees will gr ow slowly. Over the next 100 years, the trees will reproduce, the area of trees will expan d extensively. By the next 150 to 300 years, the tree will become taller and thi cker. After the next 300 years, most of the trees will fully grow. A new forest wil l replace the old forest which was destroyed by the light and fire 300 years ag o. 118 TASK 1 From the above set of pictures, we can get the information clearly about the for est of Yellowstone Park after the big fire. In the 50 years period after the huge disaster, the forest did not stop growin g as people predicted before. The combination of the bad woods and soil

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