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2017高考英语一轮复习 Unit 3 A taste of English humour练习 新人教版必修4


Unit 3 A taste of English humour
新题型—短文语法填空 Bored at school now?How do you think it will look in the future?Last week, about 600 teenagers in the U.S.imagined a future changed by technology in which their lessons are taught by robots and they learn about celebrities (名人) and alien (外星人) languages. According to a survey published last week by the U.S.,Internet service provider American Online(AOL),only one in 100 thinks that in the future they will walk from home to school; the rest believe they will use jet packs,and hover boards (滑板) as everyday transport. All the participants (参与者) of the survey are teenagers born into the Internet age.The study is to show how the first cyber (网络的) generation dream about a future life created by advanced technology. Most believe there will still be schools to go to,but that technology will play an increasingly important role in learning.The 600 teens surveyed think there will still be teachers,but 37 percent imagine them to be robots.Some 24 percent believe that teachers will still be human but they will have inter?changeable microchips so that one person can teach all subjects. More than one in two believe hover boarding will be popular,while one?third say that wearing rocket boots will be their favorite activity.Another third think jet packs will be popular.Nearly 30 percent think playing football and bike?riding will remain popular. When it comes to the curriculum (课程),they think future generations will be learning about robot building(63 percent),alien languages(47 percent) celebrities(26 percent) and R’n’B music(22 percent). Children will wear virtual (虚拟的) reality helmets (头盔) to bring lessons to life, say 40 percent, while over 20 percent believe they will not need lessons because microchips implanted (植入) in their head will send relevant information into the brain.Matt Whyman,adviser to the chief medical officer on youth issues of AOL, said:“The kids seem very aware of the liberation qualities of technology.” Title 1.________school

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Changes in the way of 2.________traveling

At present,most students walk to school.In the future,students will use jet packs,and hover boards. In the future,robots will 4.________as

Changes in the way of 3.________

teachers and human teachers should be 5.________with inter?changeable microchips so that one person can teach all subjects. Virtual reality helmets can bring

Changes in the way of 6.________

7.________lessons to them and with the help of microchips implanted in their head,they will not need lessons. Most students will 9.________hover boarding,

Changes in 8.________

wearing rocket boots and jet packs while a small 10.________of students think playing football and bike?riding will remain popular.

【参考答案】 : 1.future 2.daily 3.teaching 4.work 5.equipped 9.enjoy 10.number

6.learning 7.vivid / lively

8.activities/hobbies

一、单句语法填空 1.(2015·福建,阅读 D)We should be content with ________ we already have. 2.“You can't judge a book by its cover,” ________ the old saying goes. 3.(2014·浙江,阅读 B)People do not avoid ________ (entertain)in their homes, but they also hold business meals at restaurants. 4. (2015·重庆, 阅读 C)I read some chapters from Harry Porter to my ________ (bore)and noisy children. 5.(2014·北京,35)The film star wears sunglasses.Therefore,he can go shopping without ________________(recognize). 6.(2015·重庆,阅读 B)They make their own bread each morning and then fan the bread

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smell into the store throughout ________ day. 7.But they admit there are obstacles ____________(overcome). 8.(2015·陕西,阅读 B)Mr.Holden returned home from his holiday upset and ________ (convince)his pet was dead. 9.It ____________(whisper)that he is heavily in debt. 10.I like writing novels on the countryside ________ particular. 答案 1.what 2.as 3.entertaining 4.bored 5.being recognized 6.the 7.to overcome 8.convinced 9.is whispered 10.in 二、完形填空 My son Brendan cried on his first day of school.Even Mrs Phillips,a __1__,soft?spoken master of the six?year?old boy,could not put him to a __2__.His eyes streamed,his nose ran and he __3__me tightly.I pushed him off and __4__. It wasn't that Brendan didn't like school.He just didn't like being __5__ me.We'd had some __6__times in those preschool years.We played at the pool.We skated on quiet morning __7__.Now in Grade One,Brendan was __8__with five hours of wondering __9__I

was doing with my day. Brendan always came home for __10__,the only one of his class not to eat at his desk.I walked him back,__11__until he saw someone he knew,then left.He told me once that he __12__me until he couldn't see me any more.So I always walked__13__and never looked back. One day when I __14__Brendan back after lunch,he saw a friend,kissed me goodbye, and __15__.Thinking of his new independence,I went,feeling __16__ for him.Then—I

didn't know why—I looked back.And there he was.Brendan was watching me go.No book on mothering could have __17__me for that quick look into my child's soul.My __18__ went 15 years ahead to him packing boxes and his dog grown __19__and him saying, “Dry up,Mom.It's not like I'm leaving the country.”I looked at my Brendan and thought,“OK,you're six for me forever.”With a smile I had to really dig for,I blew him a kiss,__20__and walked away. 本文记述的是一位母亲的深情回忆:儿子 Brendan 刚上小学时,不愿和我分开,午饭也不像其

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他孩子那样在学校吃而是回家吃,然后由我送他回学校,分开时仍恋恋不舍地看着我的背影。 终于孩子开始独立,然后长大,然后离开家。虽然不舍,但我知道,每个母亲都必须微笑着送 孩子离开。文章字里行间浸透着浓浓的母爱,感人至深。 1.A.strange C.pretty B.special D.kind

答案:D 根据 Even 的语气暗示和后面的 soft?spoken(说话柔和的)可知,Mrs Phillips 是一 个易让孩子们接受的好老师,故用 kind 来修饰。 2.A.bed C.book B.seat D.school

答案:B 由上下文可知,因为 Brendan 是第一天上学,所以他不愿意让妈妈离开,因此没有 人能够让他坐到“座位”上去。 3.A.held onto C.searched for B.looked at D.worried about

答案:A 本句意为:他泪流满面,鼻子抽搭着,紧紧抓住我。由下一句的 pushed him off(推 开他)可推断出,孩子因为不愿意让妈妈走而紧紧抓着她。hold onto 意为“紧抓不放”。 4.A.smiled C.escaped B.fell D.hurt

答案:C 作者把儿子推开,然后逃脱(escape)了。 5.A.afraid of C.thankful for B.apart from D.proud of

答案:B 不是 Brendan 不喜欢上学,而是他不想和妈妈分开。be apart from sb.表示“和某 人分开”。be afraid of sb.“害怕某人”,be thankful for sb.“感谢某人”,be proud of sb.“为某人而骄傲”,都不符合文章。 6.A.good C.hard B.tough D.terrible

答案:A 下一句描述了他们在一起玩耍的情景,由此可推知,他们以前的时光应该是愉快的。 good times“美好时光”。 7.A.water C.ice B.sunlight D.wind

答案:C 由前面的 skated(滑冰)可知,此处应用 ice。 8.A.filled B.delighted

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C.excited 答案:D

D.faced

Brendan 上一年级了,每天有 5 个小时要待在学校而不再是整天和妈妈待在一起。

因此,在这 5 个小时里,他会猜想妈妈在做什么。be faced with 意为“面对”,这里指面对 5 个小时的瞎琢磨。 9. A.what C.which B.how D.that

答案:A Brendan 用 5 个小时的时间来猜测作者在做什么。此处 what 引导宾语从句并在从句 中作宾语。 10. A.breakfast C.supper B.lunch D.sleep

答案:B 根据语境以及下一段第一句中的 after lunch 可知,此处表示 Brendan 总是回家吃 午饭(lunch)。 11. A.lived C.promised B.rode D.waited

答案:D 由上下文可知,作者一直陪着儿子走,等(wait)到他遇到认识的人后再离开。 12. A.noticed C.watched B.observed D.found

答案:C 此处表示儿子注视着作者离开。watch“注视,观看”,侧重于观察事物的变化、移 动和发展。observe“观察”,指长时间地看并研究,不符合语境。 13. A.fast C.happily B.slowly D.nervously

答案:A 由下文的 never looked back 可知,作者不想让儿子一直注视着自己,因此她应该 加快步伐,从不回头,故用 fast。 14.A.fetched C.received B.took D.heard

答案:B 上一段提到儿子回家吃饭,此处表示午饭后带儿子回学校。take sb.back 意为“带 某人回去”。 15. A.laughed C.played B.ran D.came

答案:B 根据下句中的 I went 可知作者走开了,由此推断 Brendan 遇到朋友后和妈妈吻别, 然后“跑”开了。

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16.A.sad C.interested

B.lucky D.pleased

答案:D 儿子开始独立,作者应该会为儿子感到“高兴”。 17.A.asked C.left B.called D.prepared

答案:D 本句意为:从来没有哪本育儿书教过我,这样的匆匆一瞥竟使我看到儿子的灵魂深 处,我对此毫无准备。prepare sb.for sth.意为“使某人为某事做好准备”。 18. A.mind C.hand B.head D.brain

答案:A 此处表示作者的思绪(mind)跳到了 15 年之后。 19.A.young C.tall 答案:B B.old D.strong 15 年之后,儿子的狗当然是变老(old)了。 B.shouted D.nodded

20. A.cried C.turned

答案:C 由本段第三句可知,作者回头看儿子,因此此时作者应该是转过身(turn),然后走 了。

三、阅读理解 A 【2016 模拟题】阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 According to the US government, wind farms off the Pacific coast could produce 900 gigawatts of electricity every year. Unfortunately, the water there is far too deep for even the tallest windmills to touch bottom. An experiment under way off the coast of Norway, however, could help put them anywhere. The project, called Hywind, is the world’s first large-scale deepwater wind turbine (涡轮发电机). Although it uses a fairly standard 152-ton, 2. 3-megawatt turbine, Hywind represents totally new technology. The turbine will be fixed 213 feet above the water on a floating spar, a technology Hywind’s creator, the Norwegian company StatoilHydro, has developed recently. The steel spar, which is

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filled with stones and goes 328 feet below the sea surface, will be tied to the ocean floor by three cables ; these will keep the spar stable and prevent the turbine from moving up and down in the waves. Hywind’s stability in the cold and rough sea would prove that even the deepest corners of the ocean are suitable for wind power. If all goes according to the plan, the turbine will start producing electricity six miles off the coast of southwestern Norway as early as September. To produce electricity on a large scale, a commercial wind farm will have to use bigger turbines than Hywind does, but it’s difficult enough to balance such a large turbine so high on a floating spar in the middle of the ocean. To make that turbine heavier, the whole spar’s center of gravity must be moved much closer to the ocean’ s surface. To do that, the company plans to design a new kind of wind turbine, one whose gearbox (变速箱) sits at sea level rather than behind the blades. Hywind is a test run, but the benefits for perfecting floating wind-farm technology could be extremely large. Out at sea, the wind is often stronger and steadier than close to shore, where all existing offshore windmills are planted. Deep-sea farms are invisible from land, which helps overcome the windmill-as-eyesore objection. If the technology catches on, it will open up vast areas of the planet’s surface to one of the best low-carbon power sources available. 1. The Hywind project uses totally new technology to ensure the stability of . A. the cables which tie the spar to the ocean floor B. the spar which is floating in deep-sea water C. the blades driven by strong and steady sea wind D. the stones filled in the spar below the sea surface 2. To balance a bigger turbine high on a floating spar, a new type of turbine is to be designed with its gearbox sitting .

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A. on the sea floor the blades

B. on the spar top

C. at sea level

D. behind

3. Wide applications of deepwater wind power technology can A. solve the technical problems of deepwater windmills B. make financial profits by producing more turbines C. settle the arguments about environmental problems D. explore low-carbon power resources available at sea 参考答案 1----3 BCD

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B 2016 高考英语阅读理解集训。 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。 There was once a lonely girl who longed so much for love. One day while she was walking in the woods she found two starving songbirds. She took them home and put them in a small cage, caring them with love. Luckily, the birds grew strong little by little. Every morning they greeted her with a wonderful song. The girl felt great love for the birds. One day the girl left the door to the cage open accidentally. The larger and stronger of the two birds flew from the cage. The girl was so frightened that he would fly away. So as he flew close, she grasped him wildly. Her heart felt glad at her success in capturing him. Suddenly, she felt the bird go weak, so she opened her hand and stared in horror at the dead bird. It was her desperate love that had killed him. She noticed the other bird moving back and forth on the edge of the cage. She could feel his strong desire—needing to fly into the clear, blue sky. Unwillingly, she lifted him from the cage and threw him softly into the air. The lucky bird circled once, twice, three times. The girl watched delightedly at the bird. Her heart was no longer concerned with her

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loss. What she wanted to see was that the bird could fly happily. Suddenly the bird flew closer and landed softly on her shoulder. It sang the sweetest tune that she had ever heard. Remember, the fastest way to lose love is to hold on it too tight; the best way to keep love is to give it wings! 1. After the girl found the two birds, she ____. A. became frightened at once B. began to treat them badly C. greeted them happily D. fed them and raised them 2. Why did the girl grasp the stronger bird wildly? A. Because the girl disliked the bird any longer B. Because the bird wanted to fly alone. C. Because the girl loved the bird deeply. D. Because the bird intended to find some food. 3. What can we learn from the passage? A. Catch what you can catch on your way to success. B. Going too far is as bad as not going far enough. C. East or west, home is best. D. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. 参考答案 1—3、 DCB

四、七选五 【2012 辽宁丹东四校联合模拟】 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。

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When we think about happiness, we usually think of something extraordinary, a pinnacle(顶点) of sheer(纯粹的) delight. And those pinnacles seem to get rarer the older we get. 51 I remember playing police and robbers in the woods, getting a speaking

part in the school play. Of course, kids also experience lows, but their delight at such peaks of pleasure as winning a race or getting a new bike is unreserved. For teenagers, or people under 20 the concept of happiness changes. 52 I

can still feel the pain of not being invited to a party that almost everyone else was going to. I also remember the great happiness of being invited at another event to dance with a very handsome young man. In adulthood the things that bring great joy—birth, love, marriage—also bring responsibility and the risk of loss. 53 54 For adults, happiness is complex.

But I think a better definition of happiness is “ the ability to enjoy

something”. The more we can enjoy what we have, the happier we are. It's easy to overlook the pleasure we get from loving and being loved, the company of friends, the freedom to live where we please, even good health. While happiness may be more complex for us, the solution is the same as ever. Happiness isn't about what happens to us; it’s the ability to find a positive for every negative, and view a difficulty as a challenge. 55 A. Love may not last; loved ones die. B. For a child, happiness has a magic quality. C. Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life. D. Being happy doesn’t mean that everything is perfect. E. The dictionary defines “happy” as “lucky” or “ fortunate”. F. It's not wishing for what we don't have, but enjoying what we do possess. G. Suddenly it’s conditional on such things as excitement, love, and popularity. 【参考答案】51—55、BGAEF

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