学霸学习网 这下你爽了
当前位置:首页 >> 管理学 >>


Chapter 2 Phonology 1. What are the two major media of communication? why? Of the two, which one is primary and Two major media of communication are speech and writing, Of the two, speech is primary. The reasons are as follows. 1) From the point of view of linguistic evolution, speech is prior to writing. The writing system of any language is always “invented’ by its users to record speech when the need arises. 2) In everyday communication, speech plays a greater role than writing in terms of the amount of information conveyed. 3) Speech is always the way in which every native speaker acquires his mother tongue, and writing is learned and taught later when he goes to school. 4) For modern linguists, spoken language reveals more true features of human speech while written language is only the “revised” record of speech. 2. What is voicing and how is it caused? Voicing is a quality of speech sounds. It is caused by the vibration of the vocal cords. 3. Explain with examples how broad transcription and narrow transcription differ. When we use a simple set of symbols in our transcription, it is called broad transcription. Narrow transcription is the use of more specific symbols to show phonetic details. In broad transcription, the symbol [ l ] is used for the sound [ l ] in words leaf [ li:f] and feel [fi:l]. The [l] in [ li:f] , occurring before a vowel, is called clear [ l ]. The [ l ] in [fi:l] occurring in the end of a word or before another consonant , is called dark [ l ].And in narrow transcription the diacritic tilde [~] is used to indicate it. 4.How are the English consonants classified? English consonants can be classified in two ways: one is in terms of manner of articulation and the other is in terms of place of articulation. In terms of manner of articulation, it can be classified into stops, fricatives, affricates, liquids, glides and nasals. In terms of place of articulation, it can be classified into bilabial, labiodental, dental, alveolar, palatal, velar and glottal. 5. What criteria are used to classify the English vowels? According to the place of the tongue, vowels can be distinguished as front, central and back. According to the openness of the mouth, vowels can be classified into four groups: close vowels, semi-close vowels., semi-open vowels and open vowels. According to the shape of the lips, all the front vowels and the central vowel can are unrounded vowels and all the back vowels are rounded vowels. 6. Give the phonetic symbol for



语言学第二章练习题. - Chapter 2 Phonology 1. What


语言学第二章练习题 - Chapter 2 Phonology 1. What


语言学练习第二章 - Chapter two Summarize the cha


应用语言学第二章习题答案 - 第3 2卷第6期201 2年6月CURRICULU


英语语言学第二章练习 - Chapter 2:Speech sounds I.

语言学练习题 (2).doc

语言学练习题 (2) - 第一部分、【练习与思考】 一、填空题 1、语音的发音、传递、感知三个环节,分别对应于语音的( 方面的属性。 2、语音同其它声音一样,也...


语言学第二章专业八级练习题 3. Of the following sound


英语语言学考点测试第二章 - 英语语言学经典试题以及知识点总结... 英语语言学考点测试第二章。英语语言学经典试题以及知识点总结 第二章 语音学与音系学 1.Define...


(修订版)练习与思考题(一)说明:以下题目来自王洪君《语言学刚要学习指导书》并...第二章 语言是符号系统 一、名词解释 符号 征候 语言符号的任意性 语言符号的...


语言学第二章_文学研究_人文社科_专业资料。第二章 语言是符号系统 ? 第一节...经过训练之后,当 萨拉看到“萨拉、香蕉、提桶、放”这种符号组合 时,它就会从...


2语言学概论第二章语音习题 - 语言学概论第二章语音习题、真题集锦 一、单选题(


Linguistics2语言学练习及答案 - Quiz of Linguisti


语言学概论练习题库》新版 - 语言学纲要考试提 纲最新版 霍志军 考试题型:判断,单选题,简答题,名词解释,论述题, 忻州师范学院中文系《语言学纲要》 导言、第...

语言学纲要课后 练习题 及 答案.doc

语言学纲要课后 练习题 及 答案 - 课后习题以及答案 导论 一:填空。 1、语言学的三大发源地是( )、( )和( )。 2语言学是( )世纪成为独立的学科的,其...


语言学概论练习题 - 《语言学概论》练习 1 参考答案 (导言、第一章、第二章) 一、填空 1、语言学的三大发源地是 中国 、 印度 和 希腊-罗马 。 2、现代...

新编简明英语语言学教程第二版 练习题 参考答案.doc

《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二练习题 参考答案 Chapter 1 Intr

语言学概论 试题及答案.doc

语言学概论 试题及答案 - 《语言学概论》练习 1 参考答案 (导言、第一章、第二章) 一、填空 1、语言学的三大发源地是 中国 、 印度 和 希腊-罗马 。 2...


胡壮麟《语言学教程》(修订版)测试题第二章:语音 - 中华英语学习网 官方总站: 圣才学习网 胡壮麟《语言学教程》 ...

语言学练习题 Chapter 2 Linguistics.doc

语言学练习题 Chapter 2 Linguistics_英语考试_外语学习_教育专区。有助于现代语言学(英语)的学习 Chapter Two Linguistics 1. Define the following terms. 1) ...

语言学复习题兼答案 (2).doc

语言学复习题兼答案 (2) - 一、名词解释 语言:从功能上看,语言是人类最重要

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 学霸学习网
copyright ©right 2010-2021。