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题型 1 高考体验题组 (一 ) (2013· 新课标Ⅰ) I went to a group activity, “Sensitivity Sunday”, which was to make us more __1__ the problems faced by disabled people. We were asked to “ __2__ a disability” for several hours one Sunday. Some members , __3__ chose to use wheelchairs. Others wore

soundblocking earplugs(耳塞)or blindfolds(眼罩). Just sitting in the wheelchair was a __4__ experience. I had never considered before how __5__ it would be to use one. As soon as I sat down, my __6__ made the chair begin to roll. Its wheels were not __7__. Then I wondered where to put my __8__. It took me quite a while to get the metal footrest into __9__. I took my first uneasy look at what was to be my only means of __10__ for several hours. For disabled people, “adopting a wheelchair” is not a temporary(临 时的) __11__. I tried to find a __12__ position and thought it might be restful, __13__ kind of nice, to be __14__ around for a while. Looking around, I __15__ I would have to handle the thing myself! My hands started to ache as I __16__ the heavy metal wheels. I came to know that controlling the __17__ of the wheelchair as not going to be a(n)__18__ task. My wheelchair experiment was soon __19__. It made a deep impression on me. A few hours of “disability” gave me only a taste of the __20__, both physical and mental, that disabled people must

overcome. 文章大意:本文记叙了作者参加“Sensitivity Sunday”这一活动, 体验到了残疾人的艰辛和无助。 1.A.curious about C.aware of 答案:C B.interested in D.careful with

curious about 对??好奇;interested in 对??感兴

趣;aware of 意识到; careful with 当心、小心。句意:这一活动目 的是使我们意识到残疾人面对的问题。故 C 项正确。 2.A.cure C.adopt 答案:C B.prevent D.analyze cure 治愈; prevent 阻止;analyze 分析;adopt 保

持(姿势)。 此处表示在这几个小时里, 保持残疾的样子, 故 C 项正确。 3.A.instead usual B.strangely me

答案:D some...others...一些人??;另一些人??句意:像我 一样的人选择使用轮椅,另一些人戴阻止声音的耳塞或眼罩。 4.A.learning C.satisfying 答案:A B.working D.relaxing

learning 学习; working 工作; satisfying 令人满

意的; relaxing 放松的。此处表示坐在轮椅里,充当残疾人也是一 学习经历。 5.A.convenient C.boring 答案:B B.awkward D.exciting convenient 方便的;awkward 笨拙的,不灵活的;

boring 单调的,乏味的; exciting 使人兴奋的,令人激动的。句意: 以前从来没有想过坐轮椅是多么的不灵活。

6.A.height C.skill

B.force D.weight

答案: D height 身高; force 力; 武力;skill 技能, 技巧;weight 重量,体重。我一坐上轮椅,我的体重就使的轮椅开始滚动。 7.A.locked C.powered B.repaired D.grasped

答案:A 有上文可知,轮椅滚动,证明轮椅轮子没锁,故 A 项 正确。 8.A.hands C.keys B.feet D.handles

答案:B 由后面的 footrest 可知,此处表示我不知道把脚放在 那里。 B.action D.effect

答案:A get...into place 把??放在恰当的位置。句意:我花 了好长一段时间才把脚放进脚蹬里。 10.A.operation C.transportation B.communication D.production

答案:C operation 操作,经营;手术; communication 通讯, 通信;交流; transportation 运输工具,运输,交通; production 生产,制作;句意:在这几个小时里我第一次不安地看我唯一的交通 手段是什么样的。故 C 项正确。 11.A.exploration C.experiment 答案:C D.entertainment

exploration 探测,勘探,探险; education 教育;教

育学; experiment 实验,试验;尝试; entertainment 娱乐,消遣。 句意:对残疾人来说,坐轮椅不是临时的尝试。 12.A.flexible C.starting 答案:D flexible D.comfortable 灵活的;易弯曲的; safe 安

全的; starting 出发,开始;comfortable 舒适的;安逸的。在轮椅 里,我设法找个舒服的位置。 13.A.yet C.still B.just D.even

答案: D 此处表示加强语气, 前面有 restful, 让人得到休息的, 后面进一步说“甚至有点好”,故 D 项正确。 14.A.shown C.driven B.pushed D.guided

答案:B 坐在轮椅里,让人推着,故 B 项正确。 15.A.realized C.agreed B.suggested D.admitted

答案:A 环顾四周,没找到人推我,所以我意识到只有自己转 轮椅了。故 A 项正确。 16.A.lifted C.pressed 答案:B B.turned D.seized

lift 举起;提升; turn 转动; press 压,按; seize

抓住。由上一句话的 handle 可知,此处用 turn。 17.A.path C.direction B.position D.way

答案:C 控制轮椅方向也不是一件容易事,故 C 项正确。

18.A.easy C.major 答案:A 与 17 解析一样。 19.A.forgotten C.conducted

B.heavy D.extra

B.repeated D.finished

答案:D 几个小时的坐轮椅尝试很快就结束了,但给我留下了 很深的印象。故 D 项正确。 20.A.weaknesses C.anxieties B.challenges D.illnesses

答案: B weaknesses 虚弱; challenges 挑战; anxieties 焦虑; illnesses 疾病。几个小时的残疾体验,使我意识到无能力活动是残疾 人必须身心要挑战的事情。 (二 ) (2013· 新课标Ⅱ) Michael Greenberg is a very popular New Yorker. He is not famous in sports or the arts. But people in the streets __1__ him, especially those who are __2__. For those people, he is “Gloves” Greenberg. How did he get that __3__? He looks like any other businessman, wearing a suit and carrying a briefcase (公文箱). But he's __4__. His briefcase always has some gloves. In winter, Mr. Greenberg does not around at __7__. He stops when he __10__. __11__ gloves. During the __5__ like other New Yorkers, who look at the sidewalk and __6__ the street. He looks __8__ someone with no gloves. He gives them a pair and then he __9__ looking for more people with cold On winter days, Mr. Greenberg

rest of the year, he him

__12__ gloves. People who have heard about

__13__ him gloves, and he has many in his apartment. Mr. Greenberg __14__ doing this 21 years ago. Now, many __15__ his behavior. But him. They __17__.

poor New Yorkers know him and

people who don't know him are sometimes don't realize that he just wants to make them It runs in the


__18__. Michael's father always helped the poor thing, but it can make

as he believed it made everyone happier. Michael Greenberg feels the __19__. A pair of gloves may be a __20__ a big difference in winter. 文章大意: 本文记叙了格林伯格继承了他家的光荣传统, 通过向 穷人送手套来帮助他们,使他们快乐。 1.A.know about C.cheer for B.learn from D.look after

答案: A 由上文可知, 尽管格林伯格在体育界和艺术界不出名, 但街上的人们都知道他。 know about 了解, 认识; learn from 向?? 学习; cheer for 为??喝彩叫好, 为??鼓劲加油; look after 照顾。 故 A 项正确。 2.A.old C.kind B.busy D.poor

答案:D 由短文最后一段中的...helped the poor...可知 D 项正 确。 3.A.job C.chance 答案:B D.message

根据上文的“he is Gloves Greenberg.”可知,他这个名

字是怎样得来的,故 B 项正确。 4.A.calm B.different



答案:B 根据下文可知,他的公文箱里总是装着手套,与其他 的商人不一样。 calm 冷静; different 不同,不一样; crazy 疯狂 的; curious 好奇的。 5.A.act C.feel B.sound D.dress

答案:A 由下文可知,其他纽约人是看人行道,而格林伯格是 看人,故他的行动与他人不一样。act 举止;表现,符合题意。 6.A.cross over C.hurry down along D.keep off

答案:C 由 8 空前的 stop 可知,与其相对应的是 hurry,故 C 项正确。 C.street numbers 答案:B B.people D.traffic lights


知,他是环顾人们。 8.A.helps C.greets B.chooses D.sees

答案:D 根据 7 解析可知 D 项正确。 9.A.holds up C.moves on B.hangs out D.turns around

答案:C 他给没戴手套的人手套后,继续寻找没戴手套的人。 move on 继续前进,符合题意;hold up 举起;支撑;hang out(美俚) 闲荡;turn around(使)转身;(使)好转;改变意见。 10.A.hands B.ears



答案:A 由上文可知他在寻找没戴手套的人,故此处应该是手 冷,所以 A 项正确。 11.A.searches for away B.stores up D.puts on

答案:C search for 搜索,搜寻; store up 储存, 积攒;give away 赠送;put on 穿上;由上文可知冬天时,他送手套给穷人,故 C 项正确。 12.A.borrows C.returns B.sells D.buys

答案:D 冬天送手套,那么其余时间他就储存手套,所以他需 要买手套,故 D 项正确。 C.lend B.send

答案:B 由下文的“he has many in his apartment”可知,了解 他的人送给他一些手套。 14.A.delayed C.began B.remembered D.enjoyed

答案:C 这四个词都接动名词作宾语,但根据句意可知,他是 在 21 年前开始给穷人送手套的,故 C 项正确。begin doing sth.开始 干某事。 15.A.understand 答案:A B.dislike D.excuse understand 理解; dislike 不喜欢; study 学习;

excuse 原谅。了解他的人知道他在做善事,让穷人幸福,他们是理解

他的。故 A 项正确。 16.A.sorry for C.proud of B.satisfied with D.surprised by

答案:D be sorry for 为??感到难过,歉疚;be satisfied with 对??感到满意;be proud of 自豪,高兴;be surprised by 使吃惊。 由下文的“他们没有意识到他仅仅是让他们快乐”所以被他的行为 所惊讶。故 D 项正确。 C.special D.happy

答案:D 由最后一段的“ made everyone happier”可知 D 项 正确。 C.neighborhood 答案:B


下来的,故 B 项正确。 19.A.honor C.same B.pain D.cold

答案:C 上文说父亲相信帮助穷人会使人们更快乐,格林伯格 也这样认为,感觉是一样的,故 C 项正确。 20.A.small C.delightful B.useful D.comforting

答案:A 由后文的 but it can make a big difference 可知,尽管 是小事,但作用很大。故 A 项正确。 (三 ) (2013· 江苏) I used to believe in the American Dream, which meant a job, a

mortgage( 按揭 ) , credit cards, success. I wanted

it and worked

toward it like everyone else, all of us __1__ chasing the same thing. One year, through a series of unhappy events, it all fell __2__. I found myself homeless and alone. possible amount. I had my truck and $56. I __3__ the countryside for some place I could rent for the __4__ I came upon a shabby house four miles up a winding mountain road __5__ the Potomac River in West Virginia. It was __6__, full of broken glass and rubbish. I found the owner, rented it, and __7__ a corner to camp in. The locals knew nothing about me, __8__ slowly, they started They dropped off teaching me the __9__ of being a neighbor.

blankets, candles, and tools, and began __10__ around to chat. They started to teach me a belief in a __11__ American Dream—not the one of individual achievement but of __12__. What I had believed in, all those things I thought were __13__ for a civilized life, were nonexistent in this place. __14__ on the mountain, my most valuable possessions were my __15__ with my neighbors. Four years later, I moved back into __16__. I saw many people were having a really hard time, __17__ their jobs and homes. I managed to rent a big enough house to __18__ a handful of people. There are four of us now in the house,but over time I've had nine people come in and move on to other places. We'd all be in __19__ if we hadn't banded together. The American Dream I believe in now is a shared one. all get by together. 文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文,通过困境中来到乡下,受到邻里 It's not so much about what I can get for myself; it's about __20__ we can

之间的帮助,让我的思想转变了:美国梦是一个共享的梦。 1.A.separately C.violently B.equally D.naturally

答案:A 所有的人都拼命地追逐着同样的东西。separately 拼 命地,孤注一掷地,符合题意。而 equally 平等地,violently 猛烈地, 暴力地,naturally 自然地,皆不合题意。 C.over 答案:B B.apart D.out 由不好的事及下文我独自一人无家可归,可知一切都

失败了。fall apart 崩溃,失败,符合题意。 3.A.crossed C.toured 答案:D B.left D.searched 我在乡下搜索寻找一个可以租的地方。 search...for...

搜索某一范围找某个东西,符合题意。 4.A.fullest C.fairest B.largest D.cheapest

答案:D 由上文我只有 56 美元,可知是找一个最便宜的出租 地,故选 D 项。 C.over B.through D.round

答案:C 在河流的上方用 over。 6.A.occupied C.emptied B.abandoned D.robbed

答案:B 由下文, 充满破玻璃和垃圾, 可知是一个废弃的地方。 abandoned 废弃的,遗弃的,符合题意。occupied 忙碌的,被占的。

7.A.turned C.cleared

B.approached D.cut

答案:C 由上文房子充满破玻璃和垃圾,所以,要先清理出一 个角落才能入住。clear 清理,符合题意。 8.A.but C.otherwise B.although D.for

答案:A 上句当地人不认识我,下句他们开始教给我,之间是 转折关系,用 but 连接两个并列分句。 9.A.benefit C.nature B.lesson

答案:D 由下文“邻居们放下毯子,蜡烛,工具”等等,可知 这是作邻居的艺术,故选 D 项。 10.A.sticking C.swinging B.looking D.turning

答案:A 邻居们放下东西,停下来聊天。stick around 停留, 逗留,符合题意。 11.A.wild C.different B.real D.remote

答案:C 由下文“不是个人的成就,而是??”与我原本以为 的完全不同,故选 C 项。 12.A.neighborliness C.friendliness B.happiness D.kindness

答案:A 由上文可知,作者感动的是邻里之间的和睦关系,故 选 A 项。neighborliness 睦邻,亲近,和睦,符合题意。 13.A.unique B.expensive



答案:D 原本我认为对于城市生活必需的东西,故选 D 项。 14.A.Up C.Deep 答案:A B.Down D.Along 由上文信息他的房子是在 four miles up a winding

mountain road 可知这里的人们是住在山上,故选 A 项。 15.A.cooperation C.satisfaction B.relationships D.appointments

答案:B 由上文 12 空处,可以看出,我最珍贵的财产就是我 与邻居们的关系。故选 B 项。 16.A.reality B.society

答案:C 由 move back 搬回,可知又回到镇上,故选 C 项。 17.A.creating C.quitting 答案:B B.losing D.offering


作和房子,选 losing。 18.A.put in C.take in B.turn in D.get in

答案: C 我租了足够大的房子收留一些人, take in 收留, 留宿, 符合题意。put in 输入,turn in 上交,get in 收割,皆不合题意。 19.A.yards C.camps 答案: B B.shelters D.cottages 如果我们不联合起来,我们全都要住在收容所里。

shelter 收留所,遮蔽处,符合题意。

20.A.when C.whether


答案:D about 后面的从句不缺主语、宾语、表语,因此不选 what;也没有是否 (whether)的意思;也没涉及时间(when)问题,因 此只能选 how。 (四 ) (2013· 安徽) If you want to learn a new language, the very first thing to think about is why. Do you need it for a __1__ reason, such as your job or your studies? __2__ perhaps you're interested in the __3__,

films or music of a different country and you know how much it will help to have a __4__ of the language. Most people learn best using a variety of __5__ , but

traditional classes are an ideal (理想的) start for many people. They __6__ an environment where you can practice under the __7__ of someone who's good at the language. We all lead __8__ lives and learning a language takes __9__. You will have more success if you study regularly, so try to develop a __10__. It doesn't matter if you haven't got long. Becoming fluent in a language will take years, but learning to get by takes __11__. Many people start learning a language and soon give up. “I'm too __12__,” they say. Yes, children do learn languages more __13__ than adults, but research has shown that you can learn a language at any __14__. And learning is good for the health of your brain, too. I've also heard people __15__ about the mistakes they make when __16__. Well, relax and laugh about your mistakes __17__ you are much less likely to make them again.

Learning a new language is never __18__. But with some work and devotion, you'll make progress. And you'll be __19__ by the positive reaction of some people when you say just a few words in __20__ own language. Good luck! 文章大意: 你是否想过要学习一门新的外语?学习一门新的外语 可不是一件简单的事情,这需要时间,需要坚持不放弃。本文讲述了 与学习一门新的外语有关的事情。 1.A.technical C.practical B.political D.physical

答案:C 根据后面的“such as your job or your studies”可知, 此处是“实际的”原因。 technical 技术的; political 政治的; practical 实际的;physical 物理的;身体的。 2.A.After C.Though B.So D.Or

答案:D 你需要一门外语是实际的原因还是你对一个不同国家 的________, 电影或者音乐感兴趣?由语境可知, 此处要用表示选择 关系的词,故选 D 项。after 在??之后;so 因此;though 然而,可 是;or 或者。 3.A.literature C.agriculture B.transport D.medicine

答案:A 该词应该与后面的“films or music”并列,故选 A 项。 literature 文学;transport 交通;agriculture 农业;medicine 医药。 4.A.view C.form 答案: B B.knowledge D.database ??而且你知道有了这门语言知识将会有多大的帮

助。a knowledge of...“对??的知识”。

5.A.paintings C.methods

B.regulations D.computers

答案:C 很多人用各种各样的方法学得很好。painting 绘画; regulation 规则,规章;method 方法;computer 电脑。 6.A.protect C.respect B.change D.provide

答案:D 它们(传统的课堂)提供一种环境??。protect 保护; change 改变;respect 尊敬;provide 提供。 7.A.control C.guidance B.command D.pressure

答案:C 根据后面的“who's good at the language”可知,此处 意 为 “你 可 以在一 个 擅长 这 门语言 的 人的 指 导下进 行 练习 ”。 control 控制;command 命令;guidance 指导;pressure 压力。 8.A.busy C.simple B.happy D.normal

答案:A 我们都过着忙碌的生活,学习一门语言需要时间。后 面说的是时间的问题,由此可以推断,我们都过着繁忙的生活,学习 外语的时间可能不太多。busy 忙的;happy 快乐的; simple 简单的; normal 正常的。 9.A.courage B.time

答案:B 根据后面的“regularly”、“ haven't got long”、“take years”可知此处指的是“时间”。 10.A.theory C.routine D.project

答案:C 如果你有规律地学习的话你将会有更多的成功,因此 尽量形成一个常规。theory 理论;business 生意,买卖;routine 常 规,惯例;project 工程,计划,方案。根据“regularly”一词可知答 案为 C。 11.A.some risks C.some notes 答案:B B.a lot less D.a lot more


花费几年的时间,但是学得勉强及格花费得要少得多。 12.A.old C.weak B.nervous D.tired

答案:A 很多开始学习语言的人很快就放弃了。他们会说“我 太老了。”后面与 children 相比,故此处是指自己年龄太大了。old 年老的;nervous 紧张的;weak 虚弱的;tired 疲倦的。 13.A.closely C.privately 答案:B B.quickly D.quietly


密切地;quickly 快地;privately 私下地;quietly 静静地。 14.A.age C.distance B.speed

答案:A 但是研究表明你可以在任何年龄学习语言。前面讲的 是成人和孩子学习语言,即“年龄”问题,故答案为 A。 15.A.worry C.think 答案: A B.hesitate D.quarrel 我还听说有的人担心 ________ 时候犯错误。 worry

about 担忧;hesitate about 犹豫;think about 考虑;quarrel about

就??争吵。 16.A.singing C.bargaining B.working D.learning

答案:D 整篇文章讲的就是学习语言的问题,故答案是 D 项。 17.A.if C.but B.and D.before

答案:B 放松一下,大笑你犯的错误,那么你就不大可能再次 犯这些错误了。“祈使句+ and+简单句”是一个固定句式,意为 “??那么??”。 18.A.tiresome C.interesting B.hard D.easy

答案:D 学习一门新的外语绝不是简单的。但是有了努力和专 心你就会取得进步。tiresome 令人生厌的,无聊的;hard 困难的; interesting 有趣的;easy 容易的。 19.A.blamed C.interrupted B.amazed D.informed

答案:B 当你只用________自己的语言说了几个词他们就有肯 定的反应的时候,你会非常惊讶的。 blame 责备;amaze 使惊讶; interrupt 打断;inform 通知。 20.A.their C.our B.his D.your

答案:A 此处指你用一门外语,即“他们”自己的语言。 (五 ) (2013· 浙江) Last spring, I was fortunate to be chosen to participate in an exchange study program. In my application letter, I was careful to

__1__ how much I wanted to see France; evidently, my excitement really came through in my words. Once I __2__ that I was going, all I could think about was the fun of foreign travel and making all sorts of new and __3__ friends. While traveling was inspiring and meeting people was __4__, nothing about my term in France was what I __5__. The moment I arrived in Paris, I was __6__ by a nice French couple who would become my host parents. My entire experience was joyous and exciting __7__ I received some shocking news from my program coordinator(协调人);there had been a death in my host parents' extended family. They had to travel outside France for several weeks. That afternoon, I had to __8__ out of one family's house and into another. The exchange coordinator told me I'd have a __9__ this time and asked whether I could share a bedroom with an English speaker. To avoid the temptation(诱惑)to __10__ my native language, I asked not to be __11__ with an Englishspeaking roommate. When I got to my new room, I __12__ myself to my new roommate Paolo, a Brazilian(巴西人) the same age as I, whom I was surprised to find playing one of my favorite CDs! In just a few hours, we knew we'd be good friends for the rest of the __13__. I left France with many __14__, so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are always __15__ to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the scores of weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends __16__ France we enjoyed together. I love how people __17__ seem so different, but end up being so __18__. The most valuable lesson I gained from studying in France wasn't just to respect the French people __19__ to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. I

would recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful __20__. 文章大意: 本文为一篇夹叙夹议的文章, 讲述自己到法国去交流 学习时的难忘的经历, 尤其是能跟朋友一起去体验异域文化, 共同度 过一些美好的时光。 1.A.discuss C.announce 答案:B D.argue

文章刚开始说我很幸运 能去法国交流学习,因此在

申请信中,我小心地表达了我想看看法国的心情。express 表达,符 合语境。discuss 讨论;announce 宣布;argue 辩论,这三项均不合 语境。 2.A.approved C.warned 答案:B B.knew D.denied


快乐??。know 知道,符合语境。approve 批准,与主语 I 之间为 动宾关系;warn 警告;deny 否认,均不合语境。 3.A.stubborn C.universal B.anxious D.interesting

答案:D 作者想到的都是好玩的事情,自然与 new 并列的应该 是 interesting,而非 stubborn 固执的;anxious 焦急的;universal 普遍的。 4.A.boring C.exciting B.upsetting D.promising

答案:C 根据本空所在的语境“虽然旅行是鼓舞人心的,与人 相识是________的”可知空格处与 inspiring 在结构上平行,故排除 boring 和 upsetting 两个词,exciting 令人兴奋的,符合语境。

5.A.expected C.doubted

B.liked D.feared

答案:A 我想到的都是旅行和见到新的朋友,没有想到我在法 国的学习。expect 盼望,预料,符合语境。 6.A.sponsored C.greeted B.witnessed D.supported

答案:C 我一到巴黎,就受到了一对和蔼的法国夫妇的热烈欢 迎,他们将成为我的寄宿父母。sponsor 主办,赞助;witness 目睹, 经历;greet 欢迎;support 支持。由语境可知此处要选 greet。 7.A.until C.since B.when D.while

答案:A 此处指”在收到那个令人吃惊的消息前,我的整个的 经历是高兴的,令人兴奋的。until 引导时间状语从句,表示“动作 持续到谓语动词发生之前终止”,符合语境。 8.A.move C.walk D.rush

答案:A 因为寄宿父母家里出了事情,他们得出法国几周的时 间 , 因此, 我不得不从他家搬出来进了另外一家。 move 搬动, 移动, 符合语境。 9.A.housekeeper C.roommate B.leader D.colleague

答案:C 由后文的 whether I could share a bedroom with an English speaker 可知,我要跟室友同居一室。roommate 室友,符合 语境。 10.A.learn B.appreciate



答案:C 与 language 搭配的动词是 speak。speak 只有在接语 言名称时才是及物动词。 11.A.combined C.involved B.fitted D.placed

答案: D 语境: 我要求不要跟一个讲英语的室友住在一起。 place 放置,安排,符合语境。combine 结合;fit 适应;involve 涉及,均 不合语境。 12.A.added C.devoted 答案:B B.introduced D.adapted

introduce oneself 自我介绍,为固定搭配。 B.week D.vacation

13.A.term C.month

答案:A 文章第一段就提到了 my term,显然此处表示“在几 个小时的时间里, 我们知道在这一学期剩下的时间里, 我们会是好朋 友。” 14.A.presents C.stories B.suitcases D.dreams

答案: C 我在法国当然发生了很多事情, 我带着很多故事回国。 stories 符合语境。 15.A.surprised C.embarrassed B.disturbed D.concerned

答案:A 每当他们听我谈到我跟我的巴西朋友的经历时,我的 朋友们就很吃惊。surprised 吃惊的,符合语境。其他三项 disturbed 打扰的;embarrassed 尴尬的;concerned 有联系的,均不合语境。

16.A.analyzing C.describing 答案: B

B.exploring D.investigating


explore 开采,探索。指“我跟巴西朋友在法国四处走走”。describe 描述;investigate 调查,研究,均不合语境。 17.A.need C.must B.shall D.can

答案:D 人们可能看上去很不相同,但是结果却很相似,这我 喜欢。can 表示客观上的可能性。 18.A.generous C.similar B.independent D.distant

答案:C 由 but 可知,后一个词要与 different 相反,故此处要 填 similar 相似的。其他三项 generous 慷慨的;independent 独立的; distant 疏远的,均不合语境。 19.A.and C.or B.but

答案:B 由语境可知,前后表示转折关系,要用并列连词 but 连接。 20.A.instructions C.facts 答案:B B.friendships 前面提到,我在法国交流学习时交到了一个巴西的好

朋友,我们在一起度过了很多有意义的时光,因此,此处“我”要给 任何想体验外国文化和获得有意义的友情的人推荐交流项目。所以 friendships 正确。 (六 )

(2013· 辽宁) A little girl lived in a simple and poor house on a hill. Usually she __1__ play in the small garden. She could see over the garden fence and across the valley a wonderful house with shining golden windows high on another hill. __2__ she loved her parents and her family, she desired to live in such a house and __3__ all day about how wonderful and exciting __4__ must feel to live there. At the age when she gained some __5__ skill and sensibility(识别 力), she __6__ her mother for a bike ride __7__ the garden. Her mother finally allowed her to go, __8__ her keeping close to the house and not __9__ too far. The day was beautiful. The little girl knew __10__ where she was heading! __11__ the hill and across the valley, she rode to the __12__ of the golden house. __13__ she got off her bike and put it against the gate post, she focused on the path __14__ to the house and then on the house itself. She was very disappointed when she __15__ that all the windows were __16__ and rather dirty. So __17__ and heartbroken, she didn't go any further. She__18__, and all of a sudden she saw an amazing __19__. There on the other side of the valley was a little house and its windows were golden. Looking at her little home, she __20__ that she had been living in her golden house filled with love and care. Everything she dreamed was right there in front of her nose! 文章大意: 一个小女孩一直渴望生活在另一座山上的一座美丽的 房子里。 等她长大后, 亲自去了那所房子, 却发现那所房子非常普通, 她这才意识到, 自己原来一直生活在美丽的房子里, 并且装满了爱和 关心,她一直梦想的东西其实就在她的身边。 1.A.might B.should

C.would 答案: C 常”。 2.A.Unless C.Since 答案:B

D.must 她通常在一个小花园里玩耍。 would 表示“过去常

B.Although D.But


的那座美丽的房子里,此处是转折关系。 3.A.dreamed C.asked B.worried D.shouted

答案:A 承接上文,她渴望生活在那样一所房子里,整天梦想 着住在那里一定感觉很美好、很令人兴奋。dream about sth.梦想某 事。 4.A.this B.that D.which

答案:C 参考上一题解析。此处是用 it 作形式主语,真正主语 是不定式 to live there。 5.A.different C.musical 答案:D B.scientific D.basic 在她获得了一些基本的技巧和识别能力的年

龄??basic 基本的;different 不同的;scientific 科学的;musical 音乐的。 6.A.begged C.invited B.blamed D.paid

答案:A 承接上文,她请求妈妈让她在花园外面骑车子。由下 一句的 finally 可知,此处是“请求”。

7.A.inside C.through

B.outside D.along

答案:B 由上文可知,小女孩通常在花园里玩。由下文可知, 妈妈只允许她在房子附近活动,故这里是指到花园外面。 8.A.insisting on C.arguing about B.relying on D.wondering about

答案:A 妈妈坚持让她在房子附近玩??insist on doing sth.坚 持做某事。 9.A.traveling C.riding B.running D.walking

答案:C 参考上一题解析,而不要骑得太远。由上文可知,小 女孩骑车子。 10.A.madly C.exactly B.rapidly D.possibly

答案:C 小女孩确切地知道自己的目的地。exactly 确切地。去 那个地方是女孩梦寐以求的事,当然是确切地知道。 11.A.Over C.Around 答案:B 下了山,穿过山谷。 B.steps D.gate B.Down D.Beside

答案:D 她骑到了那个金色房子的门口。 13.A.Until C.While B.As D.Because

答案:B 当她从自行车上下来时,此处用 as 引导时间状语从

句。 14.A.getting C.leading 答案:C B.introducing D.moving 她的注意力集中在通往房子的小路上。此处用 lead

表示“通往”,是现在分词作后置定语。 15.A.felt C.concluded B.learned D.found

答案: D 她发现所有的窗户都很平常并且很脏时, 她非常失望。 find 发现。 16.A.transparent C.plain 答案:C B.bright D.wide 参 考 上 一 题 解 析 。 plain 普 通 的 。 由 上 文 中 的

disappointed 可知。 17.A.anxious C.serious B.angry D.sad

答案:D 此处 and 连接两个相同的概念,由上文可知,此时女 孩很伤心。 18.A.turned around C.settled down B.cheered up D.dropped in

答案:A 她转过身来,突然发现??turn around 转身。 19.A.hill C.background B.valley D.sight

答案:D 她看到了令人吃惊的景象??sight 景象。 20.A.imagined C.realized B.decided D.guessed

答案:C 看着自己家的小房子,她意识到她一直生活在充满爱 和关心的金色房子中。realize 意识到。 (七 ) (2013· 江西) Diane Ray was completely selfcentred and very spoilt. Her parents gave her __1__ she wanted, knowing that she would throw a temper tantrum( 耍小孩脾气 )if they did not. She would scream and kick and __2__ on the floor drumming her heels. Her parents always __3__. __4__ , wearing an That was why she was alone on the

expensive swimsuit. It has taken a massive tantrum to __5__ her parents to buy it. They were back at the beachhouse, __6__ from the tantrum she had thrown when they told her that it was too dangerous to go diving __7__. “Dangerous?” she had said. “You just don't want me to have __8__. I'm going and if you try to stop me, I'll scream.” “What are you doing?” a voice asked. Diane jumped. She did not know that the man was there __9__ he spoke.

“I'm going diving,” she answered. “You shouldn't swim today,” the man __10__. “There is a storm coming up.” “You should mind your own walked into the gentle waves. “If you go out there you'll be __12__,” the man called after her. She did not bother to reply. Diane slipped into the water and dived __13__ until white caps began rolling in and it became harder to __14__ against the __11__!” Diane replied and

current (水流). Saltwater hit against her face, making it __15__ to breathe. Oh, why had she not listened to advice? Panicking, she began to __16__. Then, just as it seemed as if she would slip beneath the surface, she heard a __17__ voice. “Hold on ! I'm coming.” With __18__, she saw the old man rowing an ancientlooking boat towards her. “I hope you've learned a lesson. You put us both in __19__, ” he shouted angrily, as he dragged her over the side of the __20__. Gratefully, Diane thanked him and ran towards the beachhouse. 文章大意:Diane 是一个以自我为中心并且受父母溺爱的孩子。 在一次任性独自游泳的危险经历中,她认识到了自己的错误。 1.A.either C.nothing B.neither D.everything

答案:D 文章开篇点明 Diane 是一个完全以自我为中心,被溺 爱坏了的孩子,所以父母会给她想要的一切(everything)。 2.A.jump C.spin 答案: B B.lie D.sleep 如果不给的话,她会哭叫,躺在地板上乱踢,由

drumming his heels 踢蹬脚后跟可知是躺在地板上。 3.A.set out C.gave in B.set in D.gave out

答案:C 此情此景,她的父母总是向她让步(give in)。 4.A.beach C.floor B.bed D.ship

答案: A 根据后文的 wearing expensive swimsuit、 beachhouse 以及 diving 可知 A 项正确。

5.A.allow C.get 答案:C

B.warn D.prefer

Diane 发了一大通脾气才使得父母给她买了这套昂贵

的泳衣。A.allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事,B.warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事 C. get sb. to do sth. 成功做某事 D. prefer sb. to do sth. 更喜欢某人做某事,只有 C 选项正确,其他选项不符。 6.A.changing C.appearing 答案:B B.recovering D.traveling

6 空前说明父母正在沙滩后面的房子,从她刚刚耍的

脾气中缓解过来, changing 改变;recovering 恢复;appearing 出 现;traveling 旅行,根据语义只能用 B ,从不快的情绪当中恢复过 来。 7.A.alone C.again B.away D.aside

答案:A 从第二段第一句可知,她是单独在海滩上的,所以这 里是形容词的复现,应该选 alone 单独的, 其他选项 away 离开; again 再一次;aside 在??旁边,均不符合语境。 8.A.time

答案:D 根据文章语义,time 时间;money 金钱;food 食物; fun 开心, 和 have 搭配的话, ABC 搭配均不符合, 所以只能说 have fun 玩得开心。 9.A.when C.after B.until D.once

答案:B 直到有人说话她才知道有人在那儿。until 直到。

10.A.decided C.advised

B.intended D.repeated

答案:C 那人建议(advise)她不应该游泳,因为有暴风雨。线索 一: 根据空格前的一句话“You shouldn't swim today”这是属于一个建 议,所以 10 空应该是建议, advise 建议。 线索二:后文倒数第二 段最后一个单词 advice, 是 advise 的名词变形。 所以更确定选 advise, 而其他选项 decided 决定;intended 打算,倾向;repeated 重复。 C.friends 答案:A 事)。 12.A.angry C.confused B.sorry D.excited B.swimsuit D.parents mind your own business 管好你自己的事(别多管闲

答案:B 此处表示“如果你去的话,你会后悔的(sorry)”。 13.A.nervously C.shyly 答案:D B.sadly D.happily Diane 不管他人的劝告,自己兴高采烈地(happily)跳

入起初浪花轻柔的水中游了起来。 14.A.rise C.stop 答案:B B.swim D.row Diane 是在海中游泳,此时海浪强大,游泳艰难。线

索一:女孩是在海中游泳,线索二:前后文当中多次出现 swim、 swimsuit、dive 等原词和同义词的重复;线索三:后文当中的搭配是 against the current(水流)可知, 答案是游泳 swim。 rise 上升; stop 停 止;row 划船,均不符合文义。

15.A.difficult C.comfortable

B.easy D.suitable

答案:A 线索一:前文当中出现了她游得更加困难了,harder 的同义词复现;线索二:海水冲打着她的脸,可知,是使得呼吸变得 更加困难。easy 简单;comfortable 舒服的;suitable 合适的,均不 符合文义。 16.A.speak C.sniff B.sing D.scream

答案:D 她惊慌了,所以大叫了起来。 17.A.calm C.beautiful B.frightening D.disgusting

答案:A 根据后文“Hold on. I'm coming”可知,在危难中她听 到了镇定的声音。 18.A.regret C.interest B.relief D.ease

答案:B 看到有人来搭救自己,自然是松了口气。 with regret 遗憾地,后悔地;with relief 宽慰地;with interest 好奇地;with ease 熟练地,轻而易举地;B 项正确。 19.A.power C.danger D.thought

答案:C 老人生气地教训她“你应该吸取教训了,你把我们都 置于了危险的境地”。 C.beach B.wave D.boat

答案:D 线索一:前文中提到男人是划船去救她的;线索二:

后文中提到是移向沙滩,可知,是将女孩从一边拉上船的。house 房 子;wave 波浪;beach 海滩,均不符合文义。 (八 ) (2013· 天津) As I held my father's hands one night, I couldn't help but notice their calluses(老茧)and roughness. His hands tell the story of his life as a __1__,including all his struggles. One summer, I remember, a drought (旱灾)hit Ontario, turning it into a __2__ desert. On one of those hot mornings I was __3__ from the __4__took

picking sweet corn with my dad to fill the last

grocery store. Fifty dozen was all we needed, which

twenty minutes. That morning, however, the process didn't __5__ quickly. After forty minutes of aimlessly walking in the field, we __6__ needed twenty dozen. I was completely frustrated and “If the store wants __7__.Dropping the basket heavily, I declared,

its last twenty dozen, they can pick it themselves ! ”Dad __8__.“Just think, my little girl, only ten dozen left for each of us and then we're __9__.” Such is Dad—whatever problem he __10__,he never gives up. __11__, the disastrous effects of the drought were felt all over our county.It was a challenging time for everyone, Dad remained optimistic. He __13__ begin to hard times. Dad is also a living example of real __15__.From dawn to dusk, he works countless hours to __16__ our family. He always __14__ __12__

to be grateful for other

things like good health and food on our plates. Only then did I truly Dad and his faith that guided us through the

puts our happiness


his own, and never fails to cheer __18__ his exhaustion after long

me on at my sports games sympathetic and Dad,the life __19__, __20__

days. His loving and selfless nature has inspired me to become more putting others first. I have learned from you will stay

with me forever. You are my father, teacher, friend and, most importantly, my hero. 文章大意: 本文是一篇写人的记叙文, 通过日常生活中的几件小 事,记述了一个坚强、乐观、无私的父亲。他不仅是一位父亲,他还 是小女儿心中的老师、朋友、英雄! 1.A.teacher C.farmer B.gardener D.grocer

答案:C 由下文在田里摘玉米可以看出父亲是一位农民,故选 C 项。 2.A.stormy C.disappearing B.lively D.burning

答案:D 与夏天、旱灾、沙漠语境相关的词语只有 burning 燃 烧的。夏天,旱灾袭击了安大略,把它变成了燃烧的沙漠。 3.A.order B.form D.position

答案:A 我与父亲摘甜玉米完成杂货店的最后的订单。fill the order 完成订单,供货。 4.A.repeatedly C.finally B.normally D.really

答案: B 摘五十打玉米通常需要花费二十分钟。 normally 通常 地,正常地,一般地,符合题意;而 repeatedly 反复地;finally 最后,

终于;really 真地,皆不合题意。 5.A.go C.occur B.begin D.change

答案:A 过程进行的不快。go 进展,运行,符合题意。 6.A.yet C.even B.still D.nearly

答案:B 由上文,过程进行的不快,可知我们还需要二十打。 still 仍然,还,符合题意。而 yet 还,然而,常用于否定句及疑问句 中。even 甚至,nearly 差不多,皆不合题意。 7.A.surprised C.angry B.nervous D.frightened

答案:C 由下文 dropping the basket heavily 可以看出我生气 了,故选 C 项。surprised 吃惊的;nervous 紧张的;frightened 害怕 的,皆不合题意。 8.A.apologized C.complained B.cried D.laughed

答案: D 由下文父亲的话“我们只剩下十打了”, 以及 he never gives up 可以看出父亲的情绪很好,故只能选 D 项。apologize 道歉; cry 大哭;complain 抱怨,都是不良情绪,不合题意。 9.A.lost C.gone 答案:B B.done D.touched “只要想一想我们每人剩下十打了,然后我们就完成

了”,done 在此为形容词,完成的,符合题意。lost 丢掉的,gone 不见了的,touched 被打动的,皆不合题意。 10.A.meets with B.brings up out

D.thinks about

答案:A 不管遇到什么问题,他从不放弃。meet with 遇见, 符合题意;bring up 抚养,养育,教育;work out 做出,解决,锻炼; think about 考虑,皆不合题意。 11.A.Thankfully C.Unfortunately 答案: C B.Hopefully D.Strangely


的”,所以应选 C 项。而 thankfully 幸亏,感激地;hopefully 有希 望地;strangely 奇怪的是,皆不合题意。 12.A.or B.for D.but

答案:D 上句:那对每一个人都是具有挑战性的时光。下句: 父亲仍然乐观,两句之间是转折关系,用 but 来连接。 13.A.happened C.continued 答案:C B.seemed D.aimed

他继续对其他的事情怀有感恩之心。 continue to do

继续做某事,符合题意。而 happen to do 碰巧做某事,seem to do 好 像做某事,aim to do 打算或计划做某事,皆不合题意。 14.A.face C.examine 答案:B B.appreciate D.question


义,所以应是“感激父亲和他的信心”,appreciate 感激,欣赏,符 合题意。而 face 面对,examine 检查,question 询问,皆不合题意。 C.friendship B.pride D.honesty

答案:A 这一句话是全段的总起句,由下文可以看出父亲对于 家人的爱,所以此处应是“父亲也是真爱的生动的榜样。故选 A 项。 C.start 答案:A B.settle D.impress 他从早到晚,为了养家工作无数个小时。 support a

family 养家糊口。 17.A.after C.beside 答案:B B.before D.under 本段体现了父亲对于家人的爱,所以”父亲总是把我

们的快乐放在他的快乐之前“,应用 before。 spite of control of 答案:A terms of place of

never fail 从未不能, 可知是”一直能在我运动会时为

我加油“,与 his exhaustion 之间是转折关系,用 in spite of 虽然, 尽管,符合题意。而 in terms of 就??角度来说,in control of 控制, in place of 代替,取代,皆不合题意。 19.A.careful C.considerate 答案:C B.regretful D.humorous

由 putting others first 可 知 是 对 别 人 好 , 而 与

sympathetic”同情的, 怜悯的“意思接近的是 considerate”体贴的, 考虑周到的“。故选 C 项。”他的爱和无私的天性激励着我变得更 具有同情心,更体贴周到。 20.A.history C.patterns B.motto D.lessons

答案:D 上文主要描述了父亲对于困难的坚持,乐观,对于他

人的爱,这些都是人生经验,应用 lesson 经验,教训,符合题意。 history 历史,motto 箴言、格言,pattern 风格、格调,皆不合题意。 (九 ) (2013· 北京) A Leap (跳跃) to Honor Leaping on a narrow balance beam (平衡木) is not easy. But Lola Walter, a 13yearold gymnast, is an expert at it. To perfect her skills, Lola __1__ for four hours a day, five days a week. At the state championships in March, she finished seventh out of 16 girls. That's especially impressive, __2__ she is legally blind, born with a rare condition that causes her eyes to shift (移动) constantly. She often sees double and can't __3__ how far away things are. When she was little, her mom __4__ that even though she couldn't see __5__, she was fearless. So her mom signed her up for gymnastics when she was three. She loved the __6__ right away and gymnastics became her favorite. Though learning gymnastics has been more __7__ for her than for some of her teammates, she has never quit. She doesn't let her __8__ stop her from doing anything that she wants to. She likes the determination it takes to do the sport. Her biggest __9__ is the balance beam. Because she has double vision, she often sees two beams. She must use her sense of touch to help her during her routine. Sometimes she even closes her eyes. “You have to __10__ your mind that it'll take you where you want to go,” says Lola. To be a toplevel gymnastics, one must be brave. The beam is

probably the most __11__ for anyone because it's four inches wide. At the state competition, Lola didn't fall __12__ the beam. In fact, she got an 8.1 out of 10—her highest score yet. Lola doesn't want to be __13__ differently from the other girls on her team. At competitions, the judges don't know about her vision __14__. She doesn't tell them, because she doesn't think they need to know. Her mom is amazed by her __15__ attitude. Lola never thinks about __16__. She is presently at level 7 while the highest is level 10 in gymnastics. Her __17__ is to reach level 9. She says she wants to be a gymnastics coach to pass down what she's learned to other kids __18__ she grows up. Lola is __19__ of all her hard work and success. She says it's helped her overcome problems in her life outside gymnastics too. Her __20__ for others is “just believe in yourself.” 文章大意: 本文为夹叙夹议的文章。 全文讲述了一个身残志坚的 女体操运动员——Lala Walter。她虽然视力有问题,但是却克服自 身条件的不足和常人所不能克服的困难, 努力练体操, 希望将来能把 自己所学传给别的孩子。她建议我们要相信自己。 1.A.runs C.trains B.teaches D.dances

答案:C 联系前半句“为了完美她的技术”,我们知道,她要 每周五天,每天训练四小时,因此此处要用 train(训练)一词。 2.A.since C.after B.unless D.though

答案:A “That's especially impressive”的原因是“she is legally blind”,前后是因果关系,因此此处用 since 引导原因状语从句。 3.A.tell B.guess



答案:A 前文提到她的眼睛有毛病,因此,此处指“她分辨不 出东西离她有多远”,要用 tell 一词,意为“ 区分,辨别”。其他 三项 guess 猜;assume 假定;predict 预测,均与语境不符。 4.A.suspected C.imagined B.remembered D.noticed

答案: D 妈妈无意当中注意到即使她看不清东西, 她也不害怕, 因此此处要选 notice ,指“无意当中注意到”。 suspect 怀疑; remember 记住;imagine 想像,均不合语境。 5.A.deeply C.ahead B.well D.closely

答案:B 文章第三段就提到了,她视力有问题,看不清物体, 叠影,分辨不清物体离她有多远,因此此处要选 well。 6.A.task C.event

答案:B 此处用 the sport 指代 gymnastics。 7.A.boring C.difficult B.enjoyable D.satisfactory

答案:C 因为她视力有问题,很明显她学体操比别的队友要困 难(difficult)。 8.A.talent C.nature B.quality D.condition

答案:D 她是一个很有决心的女孩,她不会让她自身的条件阻 止她干自己想干的事情。由文章内容可知,此处是指“她视力有问 题”这一自身条件,因此选用 condition 意为:条件。talent 才能;

quality 品质;nature 本性,均不合语境。 9.A.doubt C.challenge 答案: C (challenge)。 10.A.examine 答案:D 她闭上眼睛是因为她相信(trust)她的能力,相信它能 B.advantage D.progress


带你想去的地方。 11.A.fearful C.unfair B.harmful D.inconvenient

答案:A 因为平衡木只有四英寸宽,因此我们可以说它是令任 何人最害怕的,因此我们此处选用 fearful,指“令人恐惧的,令人 害怕的”。harmful 有害的;unfair 不公平的;inconvenient 不方便 的,均不合语境。 B.on D.against

答案:C fall off 从??上掉下来,此处指“她在国家比赛中没 有从平衡木上掉下来”。 13.A.greeted C.served 答案:B B.treated D.paid 她不想受到与队里别的女孩不一样的对待,指“她希

望教练能把她当正常女孩”。因此此处我们要选 treat,对待之意。 14.A.pains C.injuries B.stresses D.problems

答案:D 上文就提到她有视力方面的问题(problem)。 15.A.positive C.flexible B.friendly D.cautious

答案:A 她不希望在队里受到特殊优待;在打比赛时不想让裁 判知道她视力有问题, 这是因为她把自己当成一个正常人, 妈妈对她 这种乐观的对待生活的方式感到很吃惊。 positive 积极的, 符合语境。 friendly 友好的; flexible 灵活的; cautious 小心翼翼的, 均不合语境。 16.A.defending C.winning 答案:B B.quitting D.bargaining


弃的。quit 退出,放弃。 17.A.standard C.view B.range D.goal

答案:D 达到 9 级是她的目标,因此此处选用 goal,目标。 18.A.until C.when D.before

答案:C 当她长大后,她要当个体操教练把她所学的传给别的 孩子。when she grows up 为 when 引导的时间状语从句。 19.A.proud C.ashamed 答案:A B.tired D.confident

be proud of 对??自豪;be tried of 对??厌倦;

be ashamed of 对??羞愧;be confident of 对??有信心。她对她 所有的努力和成功当然是很自豪。 20.A.plan C.reward B.advice D.responsibility


“Just believe in yourself” 是她给别人的建议,因此

advice(建议,劝告)为最佳之选。 题型 2 高考模拟题组 (十 ) (2013· 海淀区期末) A Faithful Father My husband kissed me goodbye, stroked the baby's cheek and then rushed out of the door, into his busy day. With the cold of the morning fading, I fed my baby and it fell fast asleep. Usually I would place it in bed and quickly have the house somewhat in __1__. This morning, however, I stayed seated, just baby in my arms. The thoughts ran into __2__, with the

__3__ of the mornings

with my husband, a father rushing out of the door to meet the obligations of life. It was only a small jump to thoughts of my own __4__. My mother passed away when I was ten, and as I looked __5__, I could see how much of a family man my dad was. He went to work every morning and father. Setting the baby down, I dialed the just realized the __10__. “Hi, Dad.” I said, __11__ back tears. “Hey, Bud. How are you?” __12__ was in his voice. __8__ number. I had __9__ of the ordinary—the daily life going on __6__ to his family every evening. He

__7__ food, clothing, warmth, and protection. He was a faithful

around us that we often took for granted, and that it needed to be

“Fine, I'm just calling to say... thank you.” I got it out before my throat __13__ too much for me to speak.

“What for?” “For getting up and going to work every morning of my life. Now that I have my own __14__ and I see my husband doing the same, I just wanted to thank you for being __15__.” There was __16__ for a moment as my dad composed himself, and with a small Bud.” I don't remember much of the rest of the call, __18__ that moment of revelation (显露) about my father, I will never forget. There are those who are known for their heroic __19__, and also __17__ in his voice he said,“You're welcome,

those who are known for their fortunes and fame, but it is the __20__ everyday fathers who are the true heroes. I'm thankful that my father was one of them. 文章大意:本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者在家带孩子,看到丈夫 每天为了家庭辛苦奔波,由此想到了自己的父亲,一位忠诚的父亲, 为家庭的幸福而任劳任怨。 在作者的心目中, 那些平凡的父亲们才是 真正的英雄。 1.A.use C.order B.line

答案:C 考查介词短语辨析。空格处与空前的介词 in 构成了 介词短语,in use 意为“在使用中”;in line 意为“成直线,排成一 行”;in order 意为“整齐,整洁,井然有序”;in fashion 意为“流 行的,时髦的”。根据语境可知,作者在家带孩子,当然是趁着孩子 睡熟的间隙快速整理家务,使房子整洁有序,由此可知,order 符合 文义。故答案选 C。 2.A.thinking B.dreaming

C.imagining 答案:A



作者当时正在思考,因此,thinking 符合文义。故答案选 A。 3.A.conversations C.incidents B.struggles D.memories

答案:D 考查名词辨析。A 项意为“谈话,交谈”;B 项意为 “努力,奋斗”;C 项意为“事情,事件”;D 项意为“回忆,记忆, 记忆力”。根据下文可知,作者陷入了回忆,回忆早晨和丈夫在一起 时的情景,memories 符合文义。故答案选 D。 C.mother B.husband D.father

答案:D 考查名词辨析。此句话起到了承上启下的作用,根据 下文第三段中的“my dad”可知, 作者想到了自己的父亲, father 符合 文义。故答案选 D。 5.A.out C.back B.away D.around

答案: C 考查副词辨析。 look out 意为“注意, 小心, 向外看”; look away 意为“转移目光,扭头看别处,把脸转过去”;look back 意为“回顾, 回忆, 追忆, 回头看”; look around 意为“环顾四周”。 根据下文“I could see how much of a family man my dad was.”可知, 此处指作者回忆起, 当时是父亲担负起了家庭重任, 并根据下文可知, look back 符合文义。故答案选 C。 6.A.moved C.escaped B.returned D.walked

答案:B 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,and 前后两分句为并

列关系,前面提到每天上午上班,故后面指的是每天晚上回到家。在 选项中,return 意为“返回”,符合文义。故答案选 B。 7.A.provided C.sought B.collected D.bought

答案:A 考查动词辨析。空格后提到食物、衣服、温暖和保护, 根据上文中父亲早出晚归可知, 此处指父亲的忙碌和辛苦是为我们提 供这些。故 provide“提供”符合文义。而 collect,seek,buy 三个 词与空后内容明显不搭配,可排除。故答案选 A。 8.A.popular C.regular B.relative D.familiar

答案: D 考查形容词辨析。 popular 意为“流行的, 受欢迎的”; relative 意为“相对的, 相关的, 有关系的”; regular 意为“定期的, 有规律的”;familiar 意为“熟悉的,常见的,亲近的”。根据下文 中“‘Hi, Dad.’ I said”可知,作者是在给自己的父亲打电话,号 码应该是她所熟悉的,familiar 符合文义。故答案选 D。 9.A.difference C.balance 答案: B B.significance D.absence

考查名词辨析。 difference 意为“差异,不同”;

significance 意为“意义,重要性”;balance 意为“平衡,余额”; absence 意为“缺席,不在”。根据上文可知,父亲所做的事情似乎 都是日常生活中的事情,而此时作者才认识到这普通日常生活的意 义, 可我们却常常把这一切认为是理所当然的。 由此可知, significance 符合文义。故答案选 B。 10.A.recognized C.reduced B.arranged D.achieved

答案:A 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“承认,认出”;B 项意为 “安排, 排列”; C 项意为“减少”; D 项意为“达到, 完成, 实现”。 此句中的 it 代指上文中提到的这种日常生活的意义。该句意为:这 种意义需要得到认可,recognized 符合文义。故答案选 A。 11.A.sending C.holding B.pushing D.putting

答案:C 考查动词短语辨析。空格处与后面的 back 构成了动 词短语,send back 意为“送回,退还”;push back 意为“把?? 向后推,推回”;hold back 意为“控制,阻止,隐瞒”;put back 意为“放回原处,向后拨,拨回”。作者给父亲打电话时心情非常激 动,由此可知,应该是忍住自己的泪水,hold back 符合文义。故答 案选 C。 12.A.Sympathy C.Doubt B.Stress D.Concern

答案: D 考查名词辨析。 sympathy 意为“同情, 怜悯”; stress 意为“压力,强调,重读”;doubt 意为“怀疑,疑惑”;concern 意为“关系, 关心, 关心的事”。 根据上文提到的“How are you?” 可知,在电话里作者的父亲对作者非常关心,concern 符合文义。故 答案选 D。 13.A.cleared C.ached B.hurt D.tightened

答案:D 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“清除,使干净”;B 项意 为“使受伤, 使疼痛, 感到疼痛”; C 项意为“疼痛”; D 项意为“变 紧,使变紧”。根据上文语境可知,作者在表达对父亲的谢意时,心 情激动,喉咙发紧,tightened 符合文义。故答案选 D。

14.A.child C.plan


答案:A 考查名词辨析。养儿方知父母恩,有了自己的孩子之 后, 作者才从内心深处体会到了父亲当时为家庭所付出的一切。 由此 可知,child 符合文义。与文中第一段中“I fed my baby”相照应。故 答案选 A。 15.A.inspiring C.considerate 答案: B B.faithful D.admirable

考查形容词辨析。inspiring 意为“鼓舞人心的”;

faithful 意为“忠实的,忠诚的”;considerate 意为“体贴的,体谅 的,考虑周到的”;admirable 意为“令人钦佩的,极好的”。此处 与短文的标题相照应,是点题之句,作者想感谢父亲的忠诚,因此, faithful 符合文义。故答案选 B。 16.A.peace C.silence B.calm

答案: C 考查名词辨析。 下文提到作者的父亲定了定神, 因此, 此处指的是父亲沉默了片刻,silence 符合文义。故答案选 C。 17.A.tremble C.passion B.hesitation D.sigh

答案: A 考查名词辨析。 tremble 意为“颤抖, 战栗”; hesitation 意为“犹豫”;passion 意为“激情,热情,酷爱”;sigh 意为“叹 息,叹气”,作者的父亲对女儿突然说出的这番感谢之词,是没有心 理准备的,因此,他说话时声音发颤,tremble 符合文义。故答案选 A。 18.A.and B.but



答案:B 考查连词辨析。上文提到“I don't remember”,而下 文提到“I will never forget”,由此可知,空格处表示的是转折,but 符合文义。故答案选 B。 19.A.ideas C.remarks B.deeds D.words

答案:B 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知,有些人是以他们的英 雄事迹出名,deeds 是“事迹,功绩”之意,符合文义。故答案选 B。 20.A.outstanding C.ordinary 答案:C B.patient D.honest

考查形容词辨析。outstanding 意为“杰出的,显著

的”;patient 意为“坚忍的,耐心的”;ordinary 意为“普通的, 平凡的”;honest 意为“诚实的,实在的,可靠的,坦率的”。因为 句中连词 but 表示其前后句为转折关系,并结合语境可知,在作者的 心目中,普通的父亲们才是真正的英雄,此处与上文第四段中“the ordinary—the daily life”相照应,ordinary 符合文义。故答案选 C。 (十一) (2013· 西城区二模) So tired as I was, I bothered myself to open up my caféshop on the cold morning. With many consumers streaming in, I knew another long business day began. And I had to serve far into the night. As I rushed among the tables, suddenly, a __1__ asked if I could mind a child. I was quite __2__ but I could tell the man __3__ with him that if __4__ was quite desperate. So I had to make a

he wanted his son to stay and wait for him, he had to

something in the shop. This was quite __5__ for the man to do; I could __6__ he was quite poor by the __7__ he was dressed. It looked as if he had tried to come in his __8__ clothes. But they still looked a bit old and worn out __9__ he had often worn them, just to make himself look best. Looking down I could see his __10__ were also a bit torn and the heels were in a terrible state. I thought he was going for a job interview. In the end he bought a small box of __11__ for his little son and seated bit of cheering up. Seeing that the kid sat there for quite a while, I was a bit __13__ as the poor little kid was sitting __14__ his own. People watched him and some kids even came over to pick on him. I was __15__ to see one of them even knocked his cookies off the table. He quickly went and got them son's __17__. At closing time, the only person left was the little boy. After a while, the father finally came in with a tiresome look. I __18__ kid a he didn't get any job. As they were leaving, I offered the abused him. Of course I whatever happened. The man opened the door to leave—father and son hand in hand. 文章大意: 本文是一篇记叙文。 文章描写了一个贫困潦倒的男子 请求将自己的孩子暂时留在作者的店里, 作者在烦躁之余让男子先在 back without saying a word. I was hoping his father would __16__ up and come back for his him down in the corner. I could tell the boy was feeling down and only could __12__ with a

little cake, but the man rejected it. I __19__ he felt as if I had just didn't mean to. But I could understand __20__ why he felt like that. I only wished them good

店里买东西然后才能把孩子留在店里。男子最后给孩子买了一点饼 干,才得以让孩子待在店中,而在此期间,作者看到了孩子的落寞和 孤寂,因此很受触动。在男子一无所获回来时,作者为他们提供了一 些面包但男子拒绝了,而是和儿子手挽手离开了作者的店。 1.A.voice C.noise B.sound D.tune

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:突然有个声音问我是否介意 照看一个孩子。voice 意为“嗓音”;sound 意为“声音”;noise 意 为“噪音”;tune 意为“曲调”。根据语境可知,voice 符合语境, 故答案选 A。 2.A.pleased C.annoyed B.frightened D.interested

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。根据语境可知,作者的咖啡厅生意 很忙,所以当有人让他帮忙照看孩子时他感到很烦躁。pleased 意为 “高兴的”; frightened 意为“害怕的”; annoyed 意为“恼怒的”; interested 意为“感兴趣的”。annoyed 符合语境,故答案选 C。 C.promise B.decision

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:于是我就和他做了个交易, 如果他想把孩子留在店里等他,他就得在店里买点东西。 deal 意为 “交易”;decision 意为“决定”;promise 意为“允诺”;date 意 为“日期,约会”。根据下文中“if he the shop”及下文中 这个男子在店里给孩子买点饼干可知, 此处作者是在跟他做交易, 所 以用 deal。故答案选 A。 4.A.leave

答案: B 考查动词辨析。 此处与第三段倒数第二句中“he bought a small box...”相照应。故答案选 B。 5.A.easy C.hard B.natural D.possible

答案: C 考查形容词辨析。 根据下文描写这个男子很贫穷可知, 在店里买点东西对他来说可能有点困难。因此,此处应用 hard。故 答案选 C。 6.A.explain C.think B.prove D.tell

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:我可以从他穿衣的方式看出 他很贫穷。 explain 意为“解释, 说明”; prove 意为“证明, 证实”; think 意为“想, 认为”; tell 意为“告诉, 辨别”。 根据上文“I could tell the man was quite desperate”可知,tell 符合语境,故答案选 D。 7.A.manner C.method B.means D.way

答案: D 考查名词辨析。 四个选项都有“方式, 方法”的意思, 但 manner 指特殊的或怪异的方式、方法,与动作有关;means 指实 现目的的任何手段;method 指有条理的、系统的方法,特别指新的 办法;way 使用范围较广,多用于具体事情。同时分析句式可知,这 是一个定语从句,way 作先行词时,引导词可用 in which/that 或者 省略,其他选项均不可省略关系词,所以此处只能用 way。故答案选 D。 8.A.poorest C.prettiest D.oldest

答案:B 考查形容词辨析。根据下文中“But they still looked a bit old and worn out”以及“just to make himself look best”可知, 此处 应用 best。故答案选 B。 9.A.even though if that that

答案:C 考查连词。句意为:但是还是有点旧,好像他以前经 常穿。as if 意为“好像”;even though 意为“即使”;so that 意为 “以便”;now that 意为“既然”。根据上文“But they still looked a bit old and worn out”可知,四个选项中只有 as if 符合语境,故答案 选 C。 10.A.socks C.pants B.gloves

答案:D 考查名词辨析。根据“Looking down”和“the heels”可 知,此处应用 shoes。故答案选 D。 11.A.sweets C.cookies B.cigarettes D.cakes

答案:C 考查名词辨析。根据第四段第三句“one of them even knocked his cookies off the table” 可知,这个男子给孩子买的是 cookies。故答案选 C。 12.A.laugh B.speak

答案: C 考查动词辨析。 句意为: 我能看出那个孩子有点沮丧, 除非让他做些高兴的事情,情绪才能好起来。根据语境可知,答案选 C。 13.A.relaxed B.nervous



答案:D 考查形容词辨析。句意为:看到那个男孩自己坐在那 儿,我觉得有点担心。relaxed 意为“放松的”;nervous 意为“紧张 的”;satisfied 意为“满意的”;worried 意为“担心的”。根据下 文中别的孩子和其他人对他的态度和言行可知,作者对他有些担心。 worried 符合语境,故答案选 D。 14.A.on B.of D.for

答案:A 考查介词。根据语境可知,男孩独自在一边坐着。on one's own 意为“独自地”,符合语境。故答案选 A。 15.A.touched C.astonished B.disappointed D.excited

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。句意为:我吃惊地发现,他们中有 个孩子甚至把他的饼干从桌子上碰了下来。 touched 意为“受感动 的”;disappointed 意为“失望的”;astonished 意为“吃惊的”; excited 意为“兴奋的”。此处用 astonished 符合语境。故答案选 C。 16.A.hurry C.turn B.give

答案:A 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:我希望他父亲为了儿子 赶快回来。hurry up 意为“赶快”;give up 意为“放弃”;turn up 意为“出现,到达”;run up 意为“向上跑,高涨”。根据上文孩 子的遭遇可知, 作者希望孩子的父亲能够赶快忙完自己的事。 所以此 处应用 hurry up。故答案选 A。 17.A.chance C.future B.benefit D.job

答案:B 考查名词辨析。for one's benefit 意为“为了某人的利 益”; chance 意为“机会”; future 意为“未来”; job 意为“工作”。 根据语境可知,benefit 符合文义,故答案选 B。 18.A.hoped C.doubted B.imagined D.guessed

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:过了一会儿,他的父亲一脸 倦容地走进来,我猜他没找到工作。根据上文“tiresome look”可知, 他应该是没找到工作。故答案选 D。 19.A.clarified C.confused B.assumed D.ignored

答案:B 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,男子和孩子离开时, 作者给他们一些面包, 但男子拒绝了。 作者认为男子觉得作者是在用 这种方式侮辱他。clarify 意为“澄清,阐明”;assume 意为“假定, 承担,认为”;confuse 意为“使困惑”;ignore 意为“忽视”。根 据语境可知,四个选项中只有 assume 符合语境,故答案选 B。 20.A.luck C.supper B.progress D.night

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:无论发生什么,我祝愿他们 一切都好运。good luck 意为“好运”,符合语境。故答案选 A。 (十二) (2013· 东北三省四市第二次联考) I was watching a TV series one night when I took in one scene. A young man was seeking his community votes, and people wanted to know why they should give him their He took them to his house and on every was the word “Faith” pasted. People __2__. __3__ in his house __1__

raised lots of __ 4__ to

find out why the word was pasted on his mirrors. He said, “My dad often __5__ me to believe that as long as you have __6__, into the mirror,

you should have faith. Every time you look you're looking at yourself and see ‘Faith’.” The

__7__ I learned from this is simple—faith is a living __8__ given 24 hours

thing and in the same way we're all going

a day and we're all given the same measure of faith. Faith keeps us when things get __9__! Why is some people's faith choose to exercise

stronger than that of others? Exercise! If we our faith, it will Some

__10__; but if we choose not to, it remains weak. __11__ that they don't have faith, but __12__ it

people might

we all practice faith every day even if we don't as a faith. Daily for a dream, take Faith yesterday—to __14__

__13__, such as studying, investing or reaching faith. hearing and doing. reading the __16__ I made a decision newspapers full of __17__ __15__

too much sad and newspapers.

news. Why? Because I

there was a drop of my Faith, when it's put to lifts your mental state to a

mental state after reading the __18__, becomes a beautiful thing. It higher place that __19__ you to

raise yourself up and declare, “Yes, I can.” So make the decision today to strengthen your faith by __20__ it. 文章大意: 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。 作者通过讲述电视中看到的 故事情节, 阐述了“信念”的作用, 领悟到了“信念是可以通过锻炼 来加强的”这一道理。 1.A.bravely B.briefly



答案:C 考查副词辨析。句意为:一个年轻人正在社区里为自 己拉票, 而多数人都想知道他有什么理由可以让他们支持他。A 项意 为“勇敢地”; B 项意为“简要地”; C 项意为“大部分, 大多数”; D 项意为“最后,终于”。根据下文语境可知,答案选 C。 C.pity B.instruction D.information

答案: A 考查名词辨析。 A 项意为“支持”; B 项意为“指导”; C 项意为“怜悯,同情”;D 项意为“信息”。根据上文“拉选票” 这一语境可知,答案选 A。 3.A.wall C.picture B.mirror

答案:B 考查名词辨析。句意为:他把人们带到家中,他家里 的每一面镜子上都贴着“信念”这个词。根据下文中的 “the word was pasted on his mirrors”可知,应用 mirror(镜子)一词。故答案选 B。 4.A.voices C.rules B.questions D.standards

答案:B 考查名词辨析。句意为:人们提出了很多问题,想知 道为什么他的镜子上会贴着那个词。A 项意为“嗓音,呼声”;B 项 意为“问题”;C 项意为“规则”;D 项意为“标准”。根据语境及 下文“why the word was pasted on his mirrors”可知, 此处表示人们提 出很多的“问题”,想了解实情。故答案选 B。 5.A.teaches C.forces B.permits D.promises

答案:A 考查动词辨析。句意为:父亲教给了我去相信“只要 你活着(只要你有呼吸),你就应该有信念”。A 项意为“教,教导”; B 项意为“允许,许可”;C 项意为“强迫”;D 项意为“承诺”。 根据语境可知,答案选 A。 6.A.friendship C.wealth B.breath D.success

答案: B 考查名词辨析。 A 项意为“友谊”; B 项意为“呼吸”; C 项意为“财富”;D 项意为“成功”。根据语境可知,答案选 B。 7.A.lesson C.choice 答案:A B.view D.example 考查名词辨析。句意为:故事中反映的道理 (我从中

学习的一课)很简单,那就是:信念是一种活生生的东西。A 项意为 “课程,教训”,此处表示电视中的情节给“我”上了“一课”;B 项意为“视野, 观点”; C 项意为“选择”; D 项意为“例子, 榜样”。 故答案选 A。 8.A.extremely C.equally 答案:C B.freely D.frequently

考查副词辨析。句意为:我们每天同样被给予了 24

小时。A 项意为“极度,非常”;B 项意为“自由,任意”;C 项意 为“平等地,相同地”;D 项意为“经常”。根据语境和下文的“and we're all given the same measure of faith”可知,答案应选 C 项。 9.A.strange C.funny B.different D.tough

答案:D 考查形容词辨析。句意为:当事情变得艰难时,信念 使我们继续前行。A 项意为“奇怪的,陌生的”;B 项意为“不同

的”;C 项意为“滑稽的”;D 项意为“困难的,难办的”。根据语 境可知,答案选 D。 10.A.stay C.slow B.return D.grow

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:如果我们选择去锻炼信念, 它就会成长;但如果选择逃避锻炼,它就会依然虚弱。A 项意为“坚 持,停留”;B 项意为“回归”;C 项意为“减缓,变慢”;D 项意 为“增强,成长”。根据本句中转折连词“but”和其后面句子中的“it remains weak”并结合选项可知,grow 符合语境。故答案选 D。 11.A.argue C.understand B.realize D.predict

答案:A 考查动词辨析。句意为:也许有些人会争辩说,他们 没有信念。A 项意为“争论,争辩”;B 项意为“意识到”;C 项意 为“理解”;D 项意为“预测”。根据上下文语境可知,答案选 A。 12.A.agree C.admire B.appreciate D.acknowledge

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:但实际上,我们每天都在应 用它, 即使我们不承认那就是信念。 A 项意为“同意”; B 项意为“感 激, 欣赏”; C 项意为“羡慕”; D 项意为“承认”。 根据语境可知, 答案选 D。本题 A 项 agree 具有一定的干扰性,它为不及物动词,不 能直接跟宾语。 C.tasks B.steps D.experiments

答案:C 考查名词辨析。句意为:我们每天的日常工作,如学 习、 投资或实现梦想, 都需要信念。 A 项意为“服务”; B 项意为“步

伐,步骤,手段”;C 项意为“工作,任务”;D 项意为“实验”。 根据语境和“such as”后面所举的例子可知,答案选 C。 14.A.dreams of C.feels like B.comes from D.keeps on

答案:B 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:信念来源于我们的所听 所为。A 项意为“梦想,希望”;B 项意为“来自”;C 项意为“想 要”;D 项意为“保持,继续”。根据语境并结合选项可知,答案选 B。 15.A.consider C.stop B.delay D.risk

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:昨天我做了一个决定——以 后不再看那些满载悲伤和负面消息的报纸了。A 项意为“考虑”;B 项意为“推迟”;C 项意为“停止”;D 项意为“冒险”。根据下文 “Because I ________ there was a drop of my mental state...”并结合语 境和选项可知,答案选 C。 16.A.various C.latest B.genuine D.negative

答案:D 考查形容词辨析。A 项意为“各种各样的”;B 项意 为“真正的,坦率的”;C 项意为“最新的”;D 项意为“负面的, 消极的”。 根据“too much sad and”和下文“a drop of mental state”可 知,答案应选 D 项。 17.A.heard C.declared B.noticed D.explained

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:为什么呢?因为我注意到, 在读了这样的报纸后我就会情绪低落。A 项意为“听到”;B 项意为

“注意到”; C 项意为“宣布”; D 项意为“解释”。 根据语境可知, 答案选 B。 18.A.check B.list D.sleep

答案:C 考查动词搭配。句意为:当践行信念时,它会变成一 个美好的事物。 work 意为“践行,使??起作用”,符合语 境。故答案选 C。 19.A.warns C.orders B.causes D.forbids

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:信念能把你的精神状态提升 到更高的高度,使你提升自我,并宣布:“是的,我能。”A 项意为 “警告”;B 项意为“引起,导致”;C 项意为“命令”;D 项意为 “禁止”。cause sb. to do sth.意为“使某人做某事”,符合语境。故 答案选 B。 20.A.exercising C.obtaining B.forming D.thinking

答案:A 考查动词辨析。句意为:因此,从今天就下定决心, 通过锻炼去增强你的信念吧。根据上文 “Exercise! If we choose to exercise our faith...”可知,答案选 A。 (十三) (2013· 沈阳市二模) He lost his arms in an accident, where his father lost his life. Because his father was the main __1__ since then, he has had to totally writing with his __2__ of support for the family, his brother. Except for

__3__, he himself could do nothing else.

One late night at school, he got diarrhea (肠胃炎). His brother

__4__ him into the toilet and then went back to wait. But being so __5__, his brother fell asleep, leaving him there for two hours __6__ the teacher on duty discovered him. Later, they had problems and often __7__. Then one day, his brother wanted to live his own life. So he was heartbroken and didn't know A __9__ __8__ to do. So her father misfortune happened to a girl, too. One night her __11__ her mother, leaving her alone at home.

mother, who suffered from mental illness, __10__. went out looking

She tried to prepare meals, only to overturn the kerosene (煤油) light on the stove, __12__ a fire which took her hands away. Though her sister wanted to take care of her, she chose to be completely __13__. Once she wrote:“I am lucky. Though my wings are broken, my heart can __14__ fly.” One day, the boy and the girl were invited to a television interview program. They were asked to write something with their toes. The boy wrote: My brother's arms are my arms, the girl wrote: Broken wings, flying heart. They had both experienced the same hardship, but their different attitudes determined the __17__ __16__ of their life. Life is because disasters can strike at any time. How you handle __15__

misfortune is the true __18__ of your character. If you choose only to complain and escape from the hardship, it will always __19__ you everywhere. But if you decide to be strong, it will __20__ out to be a fortune on which new hopes will appear. 文章大意: 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。 文章主要讲述了两个有着同 样遭遇的年轻人在困难面前所采取的不同态度, 从而启迪我们: 抱怨 和逃避是不能解决问题的,而积极面对,变得更加坚强,生活反而会 更加多姿多彩。

1.A.source C.origin

B.resource D.profit

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:因为父亲曾经是支撑家里的 主要(经济)来源。source 源泉;resource 资源;origin 起源;profit 利润。根据语境可知,答案 A 符合语境。 2.A.insist on C.take on B.depend on D.carry on

答案:B 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:自从那时起,他不得不 完 全 依 赖 (depend on) 自 己 的 兄 弟 。 此 处 与 倒 数 第 二 段 中 的 “My brother's arms are my arms”相呼应,由此可知答案 B 符合文义。 3.A.hands C.mouth 答案:B B.toes D.arms 考查名词辨析。句意为:除了用他的脚趾头(toe)写作

之外, 他什么也不能做。 与倒数第二段中的“They were asked to write something with their toes.”相呼应,故答案 B 符合语境。 4.A.brought C.accompanied 答案:C B.forced D.threw


他去上厕所,然后回来等他。bring 带;force 强迫;throw 扔,均不 符合语境,故排除。故答案选 C。 5.A.long C.relaxed B.worried D.tired

答案: D 考查形容词辨析。 句意为: 但是由于如此地劳累(tired), 他的兄弟睡着了,留他一个人在那里待了两个小时。根据常识可知, 在深夜里陪一个有残疾的人去厕所,会感到疲倦,故答案 D 符合语

境。long 长的;worried 担忧的;relaxed 放松的,均不符合语境, 故排除。 6.A.when C.since 答案:D B.after D.until 考查连词辨析。句意为:直到(until)值班老师发现了

他。when 当??时候;after 在??之后;since 自从,均不符合语 境,故排除。故答案选 D。 7.A.quarreled C.discussed B.chatted D.talked

答案:A 考查动词辨析。句意为:后来他们之间出现了问题, 经常吵架(quarrel)。此处与本句中的“Later,they had problems” 相呼应,所以答案 A 符合语境。chat 聊天;discuss 讨论;talk 谈话, 均不符合语境,故排除。 8.A.which B.where D.what

答案:D 考查连词辨析。句意为:因此他心都碎了,不知该怎 么办。 what to do=how to deal with 为固定搭配, 意为“如何应对”, 故答案 D 符合语境。 9.A.related C.similar 答案: C B.familiar D.same 考查形容词辨析。句意为:一个女孩发生了类似的

(similar) 不 幸 。 此 处 与 最 后 一 段 第 一 句 中 的 “They had both experienced the same hardship”相呼应,故答案 C 符合语境。 10.A.gone C.missed B.disappeared D.dismissed

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:一天晚上,她精神异常的妈 妈突然不见(disappear)了。此处与下文中的“So her father went out looking ________ her mother”相呼应,故答案 B 符合语境。gone 过 去分词不作谓语;miss 作谓语时后面应接宾语;dismissed 解散,不 符合语境,故排除。 11.A.back C.for 答案: C B.into 考查介词辨析。句意为:因此爸爸出去找 (look for)

妈妈,扔下她一个人独自在家。look back 回望;look into 调查;look at 看,均不符合语境,故排除。故答案选 C。 12.A.causing C.catching B.making D.leading

答案:A 考查动词辨析。句意为:她想做饭,结果却弄翻了壁 炉上的煤灯油, 引起了(cause)大火。 那场大火夺去了她的双手。 make 造成;catch 抓住;lead 通往,均不符合语境,故排除。故答案选 A。 13.A.confident C.reliable B.responsible D.independent

答案: D 考查形容词辨析。 句意为: 尽管她的姐姐想去照顾她, 但是她选择了完全独立(independent)地生活。 与第一个故事中主人公 依赖于兄弟形成对比, 且和本句中的句意转折关系相呼应, 故答案 D 符合语境。 confident 自信的; responsible 负责的; reliable 可依赖的, 均不符合语境,故排除。 14.A.never C.yet B.still D.even

答案:B 考查副词辨析。句意为:我很幸运,尽管我的翅膀被

折断了,但是我的心依旧(still)可以飞翔。此处与本句的转折关系相 呼应,故答案 B 符合语境。never 绝不;yet 然而;even 甚至,均不 符合语境,故排除。 C.while B.when D.though

答案:C 考查连词辨析。句意为:那个男孩写到:我兄弟的胳 膊就是我的胳膊。 然而(while)那个女孩写到: 折断的翅膀, 飞翔的心。 本句中的两个分句之间在逻辑上是对比关系,故答案 C 符合语境。 16.A.nature C.end B.suffering D.background

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:他们都遭遇类似的磨难,但 是他们对磨难的不同态度决定了他们生活的本质 (nature)。suffering 受苦;end 结束;background 背景,均不符合语境,故排除。故答 案 A 符合语境。 17.A.unpredictable C.unbearable 答案:A B.unbelievable D.uncomfortable


(unpredictable) ,因为灾难随时会发生。此处与本句中的 “because disasters can strike at any time”相呼应,故答案 A 符合语境。 18.A.exam C.test B.check D.quiz

答案:C 考查名词辨析。句意为:如何应对不幸是对品格的真 正考验(test)。exam 测试;check 检查;quiz 测验,比赛,均不符合 语境,故排除。答案选 C。 19.A.change B.follow


答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:如果你选择了抱怨和逃避, 那么你走到哪里,不幸就会跟到(follow)哪里。change 变化;fail 失 败;cheat 欺骗,均不符合语境,故排除。故答案选 B。 20.A.go C.find B.set D.turn

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:但是,如果你因此而变得坚 强,那么新的希望就因此而产生。turn out to be 为固定搭配,意为 “结果证明是”,符合语境,故答案选 D。 (十四) (2013· 吉林省质检) With his leg lame and his teeth uneven, the boy thought of himself as the most unfortunate child in the world. He always __2__ his head without a word. One spring, his father brought home some saplings ( 树苗 ). __3__ of his children would plant a sapling and he promised, __4__ his sapling best shall get a gift.” The boy __5__ seeing his brothers and __6__ an idea: he hoped the tree he “Whoever __1__ played with his classmates, and when asked to answer questions, he

certainly wanted to get the gift. sisters watering the trees, he __7__ it.

planted would die soon. So watering it once or twice, he never Several days later, he was __8__ to find it not only didn't die, but also grew so many fresh __9__. Compared with those of his brothers and sisters, his appeared greener. His father kept his __10__ , bought the boy a gift and said he would become an outstanding __11__ after growing up.

From then on, the boy slowly became confident. see the tree? One evening, he suddenly




his biology

teacher once said that plants __14__ grow at night. Why not go to When he came to the courtyard, he found his father working near the tree! Instantly he __15__ : Father had been secretly

__16__ his tree! He returned to his room, tears __17__ in his eyes. Decades passed. The boy didn't become a botanist. __18__,

he became the U.S. President. His name was Franklin Roosevelt. __19__ is the best nourishment (滋养品) of life. __20__ it is

just a bucket of water, it can make the tree of life grow well! 文章大意:本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。讲述了一个自卑的小男孩, 在一次种树的经历中, 得到了父亲的鼓励和帮助变得自信, 后来成为 美国总统的故事。文章告诉我们:爱是滋润孩子心灵的最好养料。 1.A.ever C.still B.seldom D.often

答案:B 考查副词辨析。根据第一段第一句可知,小男孩认为 自己特别不幸,因此很少和同学交流。故选 seldom。 2.A.held C.lowered B.raised D.covered

答案:C 考查动词辨析。lower one's head“低下头”。上文提 到小男孩自卑, 与之相对应的应是“低头不说一句话”。 故答案选 C。 3.A.Both C.One B.None D.Each

答案: D 考查代词辨析。 根据第三段中的“Compared with those

of his brothers and sisters”可知,父亲让每个孩子种一棵树。each of 强调“每一个”,符合语境。故选 D。 4.A.likes C.grows B.protects

答案:C 考查动词辨析。根据第三段和下文可知,父亲承诺: 树种得最好的人可以获得奖品。故选 grow。 5.A.And C.Before B.So D.But

答案:D 考查连词辨析。根据语境可知,小男孩也想得到父亲 的礼物,但是看到兄弟姐妹都在给小树浇水,便失去了信心,选择了 放弃。想得到礼物,后来又放弃了,是转折关系。故选 D。 6.A.cared for C.hit upon rid of D.put forward

答案:C 考查动词短语辨析。hit upon an idea“突然有了一个 想法”;care for“喜欢”;get rid of“除去”;put forward“(公开) 提出(建议等)”。根据下文可知,hit upon 符合语境。故选 C。 7.A.appealed to C.adapted to B.attended to D.turned to

答案:B 考查动词短语辨析。attend to“照料,护理”;appeal to“吸引”;adapt to“使适应,改编”;turn to“求助于,转向, 变成”。根据上文中的“hoped...would die soon”可推知,他不再护理 小树了。故 attend to 符合语境,答案选 B。 8.A.surprised C.disappointed B.frightened D.amused

答案:A 考查形容词辨析。根据下文可知,小树的生长和小男

孩的预期相反,所以他感到惊讶,故选 surprised。frightened“恐惧 的”;amused“愉悦的,感到有趣的”;disappointed“失望的”, 均不符合语境,故排除。 9.A.roots C.branches B.leaves D.seeds

答案:B 考查名词辨析。根据下文中“his appeared greener”可 知,小树长了很多新的树叶。故 B 项符合语境。 10.A.word C.agreement B.balance D.opinion

答案:A 考查名词辨析。keep one's word“信守诺言”,和上 文“he promised”相呼应。故答案选 A。 11.A.teacher C.president 答案: D B.gardener D.botanist

考查名词辨析。根据文章倒数第二段中的 “The boy

didn't become a botanist”可知,父亲说小男孩会成为植物学家。故答 案选 D。 12.A.satisfied C.optimistic B.certain D.independent

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。文章第一段中描述了小男孩认为自 己天生不幸运,他不与同学交往也不回答问题,这表明他悲观、不开 朗、不自信,即精神低落。种树事件是他第一次有好运气,第一次成 功,无疑对他起到了积极的作用,此前精神低落的状态逐渐改变。并 且空格处与“confident”一词并列。故应选 optimistic。 13.A.believed C.repeated B.recalled D.knew

答案:B 考查动词辨析。根据下文的“his biology teacher once said”可知,recall“回忆,想起”,符合语境。故答案选 B。 14.A.generally C.recently B.hardly D.probably

答案:A 考查副词辨析。根据“once said”和下文“Why not go to see the tree?”可知,他回想起生物老师说过,植物一般在晚上生 长(此为常识)。故选 generally。 15.A.remembered C.wondered B.understood D.admitted

答案:B 考查副词辨析。根据语境可知,看到眼前的景象,小 男孩立刻明白了 (恍然大悟 ),是父亲在暗中帮助他给树浇水,故选 understood 。 remember“记得”, wonder“想知道”, admit“承 认”,均与语境不符,故排除。 16.A.cutting C.watering 答案:C B.decorating D.fertilizing


知,答案选 C。 17.A.welling C.dropping B.falling D.crying

答案:A 考查动词辨析。well 此处是动词“(液体如泉般)充盈, 涌出”,小男孩被父亲的爱所感动,热泪盈眶,故选 A。fall 落下; drop 滴落;cry 哭泣,均不能与“in the eyes”搭配。 18.A.Therefore C.Moreover B.Besides D.Instead

答案:D 考查连词辨析。根据语境可知,空格前后句之间表示

转折关系。故选 instead。 19.A.Love C.Disability B.Water D.Father

答案:A 考查名词辨析。根据上文可知,小男孩和小树都得到 了父亲的关爱,然后他们健康成长,所以爱是生命最好的滋养品。故 选 Love。 20.A.So long as C.Now that B.If only D.Even though

答案:D 考查连词辨析。even though“即使”;so long as“只 要”;if only“要是??就好了”;now that“既然”。根据语境可 知,空格后的句子表示让步关系。故选 D。 (十五) (2013· 济南市 4 月模拟) Lilly was a French Canadian girl who grew up in the farming community. When she was 16, her father __1__ her to drop out of school to contribute to the family income. With English as her second language and for Lilly. Lilly's father was a stubborn man who an answer. He gaining __5__ __4__ took “no” for Lilly to find a job. With small hope of __2__ education, the __3__ didn't look bright

__6__, each day she would just ride to the city, walk

__7__ about and at dusk return home. On one of her __8__, Lilly saw a sign at a big company. __9__ , she knocked on her very first door. In her __10__

English, Lilly told the office manager she was interested in the secretarial position. The manager __11__ to give the girl a chance. He directed her to type a single letter, and then __12__.

Lilly looked at the clock and saw it was 11 :40 a.m. She thought everyone would be leaving for __13__ at noon, when she could __14__ away in the crowd. But she knew she should __15__ the letter. On her first try, Lilly __16__ one line of five words and made four mistakes. On her second attempt, she completed a full paragraph, but still made many mistakes. She looked at the clock: 11: 55—five minutes to __17__. Just then, the manager walked

in. He came directly over to Lilly, read the letter and said,“Lilly, you're doing __18__ work!” With those simple words of encouragement, her desire to escape disappeared and her __19__ began to grow. Lilly thought,“Well,

if he thinks it's good, then it must be good. I think I'll stay !” Lilly did stay—all because someone had given a door. 文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文。讲述了一个中途退学、没有受过 太多教育的害羞的法裔加拿大年轻女孩怎样找到工作的故事。 从而告 诉读者:坚持不懈和别人的鼓励对一个人的成功非常重要。 1.A.reminded C.encouraged B.forced D.helped __20__ and

uncertain girl the gift of selfconfidence when she knocked on the

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:在 Lilly 16 岁时,他的父亲 强迫(force)她退学,为家里挣钱。与第二段第一句“Lilly's father was a stubborn man...” 相呼应,故答案 B 符合文意。 remind 提醒; encourage 鼓励;help 帮助,均不符合语境,故排除。 2.A.poor C.good B.formal D.modern

答案:A 考查形容词辨析。句意为:英语是第二语言,受教育 水平又低(poor)。与上文“When she was 16... drop out of school”相呼 应,故答案 A 符合文意。 3.A.advice C.future B.promise D.change

答案: C 考查名词辨析。 句意为: 看起来未来(future)对于 Lilly 来说并不光明。advice 建议;promise 允诺;change 变化,均不符合 语境,故排除。故答案 C 符合语境。 4.A.always C.sometimes B.usually D.rarely

答案: D 考查副词辨析。 句意为: Lilly 的父亲是一个倔强的人, 他几乎不(rarely)接受任何否定的回答。 与本句中“Lilly's father was a stubborn man...”相呼应,故答案 D 符合文意。always 总是;usually 通常;sometimes 有时候,均不符合语境,故排除。 5.A.warned C.allowed B.told D.begged

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:他要(tell) Lilly 去找工作。 warn 警告; allow 允许; beg 乞求, 均不符合语境, 故排除。 tell sb. to. do sth.让某人干某事,故答案 B 符合语境。 6.A.employment C.judgment B.experience D.independence

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:几乎没有任何希望找到工作 (employment), Lilly 只是每天都骑车到城里去。 与上一句“... to find a job”相呼应,故答案 A 符合文意。experience 经验;judgment 判断; independence 独立,均不符合语境,故排除。

7.A.carefully C.aimlessly 答案:C

B.happily D.rapidly

考查副词辨析。句意为:只是漫无目的地 (aimlessly)

随便转转,天黑了就回家。与上文 “With small hope of gaining ________”相呼应,故答案 C 符合文意。 8.A.steps C.purposes 答案:B B.trips D.choices


一个大公司看到了一个告示。与上文“each day she would just ride to the city... return home.”相呼应,故答案 B 符合文意。step 步伐; purpose 目的;choice 选择,均不符合语境,故排除。 9.A.Bravely C.Calmly B.Proudly D.Cautiously

答案:D 考查副词辨析。句意为:很谨慎地(cautiously),她敲 开了自己第一份工作的大门。根据上文语境可知,Lilly 受教育水平 低,没抱多大希望能找到工作,此时她就应是谨慎地去做,故答案 D 符合文意。bravely 勇敢地;proudly 骄傲地;calmly 镇静地,均不 符合语境,故排除。 10.A.broken C.written 答案: A B.perfect D.fluent 考查形容词辨析。句意为: Lilly 用她那不流利的

(broken) 英语告诉经理,她对秘书这个职位感兴趣。与上文 “With English as her second language”相呼应,故答案 A 符合语境。 11.A.refused C.pretended B.decided D.failed

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:经理决定(decide)给这个姑娘 一个机会。与下句“He directed her to type a single letter”相呼应,故 答案 B 符合文义。refuse 拒绝;pretend 假装;fail 没有,不能够, 均不符合语境,故排除。 12.A.stopped C.left B.continued D.sighed

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:经理指导她如何打字,然后 就离开了(leave)。与下文“Just then, the manager walked in.”相呼应, 故答案 C 符合文义。 13.A.lunch 答案:A D.luck 考查名词辨析。句意为:Lilly 看看表,已经是上午

11: 40 了。她想大家都要去吃午饭 (lunch)了吧。与空格后面的 “at noon”相呼应,故答案 A 符合文义。 14.A.break C.pass B.slip

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为: 到大家都吃午饭的那个时候, 她就可以趁机溜走(slip)。 break away 逃脱, slip away 溜走, pass away 去世,drive away 驱赶。根据语境可知,slip away 符合文义,故答 案选 B。 C.attempt B.write D.deliver

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:但是她知道自己可以试一试 (attempt)。与下文“On her first try... On her second attempt...”相呼 应,故答案 C 符合文义。

16.A.went over C.gave away

B.picked up through

答案: D 考查动词词组辨析。 句意为: 一开始, Lilly 只打完(get through)了五个字,还错了四处。与下文“On her second attempt, she completed a full paragraph...”相呼应,故答案 D 符合文义。go over 复习;pick up 捡起;give away 赠送,均不符合语境,故排除。 17.A.freedom C.discussion B.success D.reward

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:她看了看表,现在 11:55, 还 有 5 分 钟 就 自 由 (freedom) 了 。 根 据 上 文 “... when she could ________ away in the crowd”和下文“her desire to escape”可知, 答案 A 符合文义。 18.A.terrible C.honest 答案: B B.excellent D.easy

考查形容词辨析。 句意为: Lilly, 你做得很好(excellent)。

与下文“Well, if he thinks it's good, then it must be good...”相呼应, 故 答案 B 符合文义。 19.A.belief C.confidence B.patience D.strength

答案:C 考查名词辨析。句意为:就是这句简单的鼓励,她没 有了之前想逃跑的想法,而且开始有自信了。与下文“... the gift of selfconfidence when she knocked on the door.”相呼应, 故答案 C 符 合文义。 20.A.shy C.selfless B.lonely D.modest

答案:A 考查形容词辨析。句意为:Lilly 不走了,那都是因为 有人在这个害羞(shy)且不自信的姑娘敲门时,给了她自信的礼物。 所填词与“uncertain”并列, 故答案 A 符合文义。 lonely 孤独的; selfless 无私的;modest 谦逊的,均不符合语境,故排除。 (十六) (2013· 杭州市一模) This is the story of two lovers, who finally got married. Both of them were romantic at first, __1__ on the walk of life, problems, quarrels, profession came into their life. One day, she finally decided “I want to break up”. he asked. “I am __2__.” she answered. He kept silent the whole night, seemingly in deep __3__. Finally he asked , “What can I do to __4__ your mind?” Looking into his eyes she said, “Answer my question. If you can __5__ my heart, I will change my mind. Let's say, I want a flower __6__ on the face of a mountain cliff (悬崖), we both are sure that picking the flower will cause your me?” He said,“I will give you my __8__ tomorrow.” She woke up the next morning, found him gone, and saw a piece of paper on her bed, which __9__ “My dear, I would not pick __11__ the that flower for you, the __10__ are...” “When you use the computer you always fingers so that I can help to restore the software, and you cry in front of the screen. I have to save my __12__. You always leave __13__ to rush the house keys behind, thus I have to save my __7__. Will you do it for “Why?”

home to open the door for you. You love travelling but always lose your way in a(n) __14__ city. I have to save my eyes to show you the way. You always __15__ at the computer, and that will do to save my eyes __16__ nothing good for your eyes. I have those __17__ white hairs.”

when we grow old, I can help to clip your nails and help to remove “Thus, my dear, unless I am sure that there is someone who loves you __18__ I do... I could not pick that flower yet, and die...” That's life, and __19__. Flowers, and romantic moments are __20__ of the relationship. Under only used and appear on the

all this, the pillar of true love stands. 文章大意: 本文是一篇充满爱和哲理的文章。 讲述了一对恋人在 结婚之前很浪漫, 结婚之后各种生活琐事充斥在生活当中, 妻子不能 忍受这种生活要求离婚。 丈夫挽留妻子, 可妻子提出要让丈夫给她去 摘长在悬崖上的花,丈夫在第二天给出了诸多他不能为她摘花的理 由, 让妻子明白浪漫只是生活的表象, 只有朴实的爱才能支撑起浪漫。 1.A.but C.or B.and

答案:A 考查连词辨析。句意为:起初他们都很浪漫,但是后 来各种问题、争吵、工作等充斥在他们的生活中。由句中的转折关系 可知,只有 but 符合句意。故答案选 A。 2.A.lonely C.tired B.ashamed D.worried

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。句意为:她说:“我累了”。lonely 意为“寂寞的”;ashamed 意为“惭愧的”;tired 意为“疲惫的”; worried 意为“担心的”。根据语境可知,答案选 C。 B.thought



答案:B 考查固定短语。句意为:他整晚沉默,好像陷入了沉 思。根据上文中“He kept silent...”可知,be in deep thought 是固定短 语,意为“陷入沉思”,符合语境。故答案选 B。 4.A.speak C.blow B.change D.keep

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:最后他说:“我做什么能改 变你的主意呢?”根据下文中 “... I will change my mind” 可知, change one's mind“改变主意”,符合语境。故答案选 B。 5.A.represent C.admit B.expand D.convince

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:她看着他的眼睛说:“回答 我的问题,如果你能让我的心信服,我就改变主意。”represent“提 供,供给”;expand“扩张”;admit“承认”;convince“说服, 使信服”。根据语境可知,答案选 D。 6.A.growing B.falling D.waiting

答案:A 考查动词辨析。句意为:我想要一只长在悬崖峭壁上 的花,我们都知道摘这朵花有可能会让你送命。grow 意为“生长”; fall 意为“落下”;live 意为“生活,生存”;wait 意为“等待”。 四个选项中,只有 grow 符合语境。故答案选 A。 7.A.attention C.interest B.satisfaction D.death

答案:D 考查名词辨析。句意为:我们都知道摘这朵花有可能 会让你送命。 此处与倒数第二段中的“I could not pick that flower yet,

and die...”相照应。attention 意为“注意”;satisfaction 意为“满 意”;interest 意为“兴趣”;death 意为“死亡”。故答案选 D。 8.A.agreement C.announcement 答案: B B.answer D.judgement


案。 ”agreement 意为“同意”; answer 意为“答案”; announcement 意为“公告,宣告”; judgement 意为“判断”。此处与上文中 “Answer my question.”相照应。故答案选 B。 9.A.writes C.prints B.informs D.goes

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:第二天她醒来发现他不在, 床上有一张纸,上面说:“亲爱的,我不能为你摘那朵花,原因 是??”。go 在此处意为“说”。故答案选 D。 10.A.meanings C.reasons B.messages D.purposes

答案:C 考查名词辨析。根据下文可知,这应该是丈夫给妻子 阐述的不能为她摘花的理由。reason“原因”,符合语境。故答案选 C。 11.A.turn up C.use up B.put up D.mess up

答案:D 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:你用电脑的时候经常会 把软件弄乱,然后你就在电脑屏幕前大哭。turn up 意为“出现,到 达”;put up 意为“建造,张贴”;use up 意为“用完”;mess up 意为“把??弄乱”。根据语境可知,故答案选 D。 12.A.structures B.programs



答案:B 考查名词辨析。句意为:我必须要保护我的手指来为 你修复程序。structure“结构,构造”;program“节目,程序”; balance“平衡”;position“位置,职位”。根据语境可知,答案选 B。 13.A.legs B.patience D.dollars

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:你经常会把钥匙落在家里, 所以我要保护好我的腿以便跑回家为你开门。根据下文的 “rush home”及与上文并列的“fingers”可知,答案选 A。 14.A.ancient C.modern D.underground

答案:B 考查形容词辨析。句意为:你喜欢旅游,但总是在新 的城市迷路。ancient 意为“古代的”;new 意为“新的”;modern 意为“时尚的”;underground 意为“地下的”;根据语境可知,答 案选 B。 15.A.shout C.knock B.jump D.stare

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:你总是盯着电脑,这对你的 眼睛不好。根据下文中的“that will do nothing good for your eyes”可 知,此处应该是“盯着电脑”。故答案选 D。 if that that case

答案:C 考查连词辨析。句意为:我要保护好我的眼睛,这样 等我们老了的时候, 我可以为你剪指甲, 拔掉那些令人烦恼的白头发。

as if 意为“好像”;now that 意为“既然,由于”;so that 意为“以 便,所以”;in case 意为“以防”。根据语境可知,答案选 C。 17.A.annoying C.dusty B.enjoyable D.amusing

答案: A 考查形容词辨析。 句意为: 为你拔掉那些烦人的白发。 annoying 意为“讨厌的, 恼人的”; enjoyable 意为“令人愉快的”; dusty 意为“落满灰尘的”;amusing 意为“有趣的,引人发笑的”。 根据语境可知,答案选 A。 18.A.less than C.more than B.rather than D.other than

答案:C 考查 than 构成的短语。句意为:所以亲爱的,除非 我确信有人比我更爱你,否则我不会去摘那朵花而死掉。less than 意 为“少于”; rather than 意为“而不是”; more than 意为“多于”; other than 意为“除了,不同于”。根据语境可知,答案选 C。 19.A.determination C.progress D.power

答案:B 考查名词辨析。句意为:这就是生活和爱。通过阅读 全文可知,本篇文章讲述的故事就是关于爱情的。故答案选 B。 20.A.surface C.principle B.way D.nature

答案: A 考查名词辨析。 句意为: 鲜花和浪漫只是生活的表象。 根据最后一句“Under all this, the pillar of true love stands.”可知,此 处与下文的“Under all this”是对比关系。故答案选 A。 (十七) (2013· 湖北省七市联考) After finishing shopping in the supermarket, I and my wife Julie

stood in the shortest line. There was only one guy in it, but he was in a __1__ and there seemed to be some trouble going on. Well, I and my wife Julie stepped in behind him. At first, he seemed to be having was __2__ getting his groceries onto the conveyor belt. But after a while, I realized that what he was actually doing __3__ them into two parts. I offered to help, but he and the __4__. He asked Julie if she would mind checkout lady had it

__5__ his empty basket away. Then he __6__ for his wallet which was in a pocket on one side of his wheelchair. The way he was positioned and the fact that he had only one __7__ arm made this quite a stretch for him, so I helped there. What must it be like, I wondered, to be so his __9__ and the items he needed. She __8__ on other people like that? The checkout operator came around and gave him __10__ one bag of groceries over a handle at the back of his chair. I __11__ to get the bigger bag and he said,“No. __12__ you could do me a favor. Take that part along to the entrance and give it to Angela.” I dutifully did that, __13__ Julie with our shopping. It This guy, despite the imposed on him, had __15__ __14__ that Angela was collecting food for people who might otherwise go hungry! that his physical condition __16__ more than twice as much shopping __18__ him from being a

as he needed and __17__ the bigger bag to help other people! He didn't let the fact that he needed help help. He may have been limited than capable of dependence. 文章大意: 作者在购物时, 发现一位坐轮椅的残疾人专门购买了 食品杂货用于捐赠给可能挨饿的人。尽管那位残疾人身体条件有限, __20__ __19__, but his heart was more

all that. And it changed my idea of

本身也需要别人的帮助, 但是这并没有阻止他成为一名助人者, 没有 阻止他为别人做一些力所能及的事情。 1.A.corner C.wheelchair B.queue D.lift

答案: C 考查名词词义辨析。 他坐在轮椅上, 好像遇到了麻烦。 根据下文第二段倒数第二句中的“on one side of his wheelchair”及上 下文语境可知, 此处指的是轮椅, wheelchair 符合文义。 故答案选 C。 2.A.mercy C.confidence B.interest D.difficulty

答案:D 考查名词词义辨析。根据上下文语境可知,那个人是 个残疾人,坐在轮椅上,应是行动不便,再结合选项可知,此处为句 式“have difficulty (in) doing sth.”故 difficulty 符合题意。 故答案选 D。 3.A.separating C.cutting B.breaking D.placing

答案: A 考查动词词义辨析。 根据上下文语境并结合选项可知, 此处指的是把食品杂货分成两部分。separating 与语境相符合。故答 案选 A。 4.A.under order C.under discussion B.under control D.under repair

答案:B 考查介词短语辨析。under order 意为“遵照命令, 奉令”;under control 意为“处于控制之下”;under discussion 意 为“在讨论中”; under repair 意为“修理中, 在修缮中”。 根据 but 前后的转折关系可知, 作者主动提供帮助时, 但是他和收银台的女士 已使一切都处于控制之下,under control 与语境相符。故答案选 B。 5.A.putting B.getting



答案:A 考查动词短语辨析。空格处与空格后的 away 构成动 词短语:put away 意为“收起来,放好,储存”;get away 意为“离 开,脱身”;cast away 意为“(沉船后遇难者)漂流到,流落在(荒滩 或荒岛上)”;roll away 意为“滚过去”。根据选项的含义,并结合 上下文可知,此处指的是把空购物篮收起来。故答案选 A。 6.A.hunted C.looked B.reached D.sought

答案:B 考查动词短语辨析。空格处与空格后的介词 for 构成 动词短语:hunt for 意为“搜寻,追猎”;reach for 意为“伸手去 拿”;look for 意为“寻找”;seek for 意为“追求,寻找,探索”。 根据下文“which was in a pocket on one side of his wheelchair” 并结 合选项可知, 此处指的是伸手去拿口袋里的钱包, reaching 符合题意。 故答案选 B。 7.A.comfortable C.disabled 答案:D B.clumsy D.usable

考查形容词词义辨析。comfortable 意为“舒适的,

安逸的”; clumsy 意为“笨拙的, 愚笨的”; disabled 意为“残疾的, 有缺陷的”;usable 意为“可用的,能用的”。根据本句“... he had only one ________ arm made this quite a stretch for him, so I helped there.”并结合选项可知,他只有一只胳膊能用,usable 与语境相符。 故答案选 D。 8.A.kind C.dependent B.strict D.considerate

答案:C 考查形容词短语辨析。根据空格后的介词 on 并结合 文章语境及选项可知,此处指的是依靠别人。be dependent on 是固

定短语,是“依靠,依赖”之意。由此可知,dependent 符合文义。 故答案选 C。 9.A.change C.bag B.basket

答案:A 考查名词词义辨析。根据常识可知,此处指的是在收 银台处收银员把零钱给他。change 与此相符。故答案选 A。 10.A.presented C.hung B.handed D.pulled

答案:C 考查动词词义辨析。A 项意为“呈现,赠送”;B 项 意为“传递,交给”;C 项意为“悬挂”;D 项意为“拉,拖”。根 据空格后“... over a handle at the back of his chair.”可知, 此处指的是 把一包食品杂货挂在椅背的把手上,hang 符合文义。故答案选 C。 11.A.preferred C.decided B.used D.offered

答案: D 考查动词词义辨析。 结合选项及推测此处的语境可知, 作者主动提出替他拿那个大一点的包。offer to do sth.为固定表达, 是“主动提出做某事”之意,符合语境。故答案选 D。 12.A.So C.For B.But D.Thus

答案:B 考查连词词义辨析。根据空格前的否定词“No”及空格 后的内容可知,空格处表示的是转折关系。故答案选 B。 13.A.exchanging C.charging B.leaving D.associating

答案: B 考查动词词义辨析。 A 项意为“交换”; B 项意为“留 下,离开”;C 项意为“收费,索价,控诉”;D 项意为“交往,结

交,使发生联系”。根据空格前“I dutifully did that”可知,作者按对 方要求去把东西送给 Angela,暂时留下自己的妻子。leaving 符合文 义。故答案选 B。 14.A.turned out C.burst out B.came out D.gave out

答案:A 考查动词短语辨析。A 项意为“结果是,证明是”; B 项意为“出来,出版”;C 项意为“突然发生,迸发”;D 项意为 “分发,发表,用尽,筋疲力尽”。结合空格后内容可知,结果是 Angela 正在为可能挨饿的人收集食物, turned out 符合语境。 故答案 选 A。 15.A.manners C.limitations B.chances D.fates

答案: C 考查名词词义辨析。 A 项意为“方式”; B 项意为“机 会,可能性”;C 项意为“限度,限制,极限”;D 项意为“命运”。 根据上文语境他是个残疾人及下文的“He may have been limited”可 知, 此处指的是受身体条件限制, limitations 与此相符。 故答案选 C。 16.A.collected C.donated B.reserved D.bought

答案: D 考查动词词义辨析。 A 项意为“收集”; B 项意为“预 约,储备”;C 项意为“捐赠,捐献”;D 项意为“购买”。根据上 文语境可知,此处指的是购买了两倍多的东西。故答案选 D。 17.A.thrown away C.left out B.given away D.sent out

答案:B 考查动词短语辨析。A 项意为“扔掉,丢弃”;B 项 意为“赠送,分发,泄露”;C 项意为“遗漏,省略,忽略”;D 项

意为“发送,发出”。空格后提到“to help other people”可知,此处 指的是把更大的那包赠送给别人, given away 与此相符。 故答案选 B。 C.stop B.protect D.shelter

答案:C 考查动词短语辨析。空格处与空格后的介词 from 构 成动词短语: save sb./sth. from 意为“把某人或某物从??拯救出来; 使某人或某物免于??”; protect sb./sth. from 意为“保护某人或某 物免受??”;stop sb./sth. from 意为“阻止某人或某物??”; shelter sb./sth. from 意为“保护某人或某物不受??”。根据语境并 结合空格后“from being a help”可知,他没有让自己也需要帮助的这 种事实阻止自己成为一名助人者。stop 符合题意。故答案选 C。 19.A.physically C.originally 答案: A B.economically D.mentally

考查副词词义辨析。 physically 意为“身体上”;

economically 意为“经济地,节俭地”;originally 意为“最初,起 初”; mentally 意为“精神上, 智力上, 心理上”。 结合上文语境“the ________ that his physical condition imposed on him”可知, 此处指的 是他的身体条件有限,physically 与此相符。故答案选 A。 20.A.accomplishing C.valuing B.overlooking D.overcoming

答案:D 考查动词词义辨析。accomplish 意为“完成,实现, 达到”;overlook 意为“忽略,俯瞰”;value 意为“评价,重视”; overcome 意为“克服,战胜”。由此结合文章内容可知,此处的语 境指的是他的心完全有能力克服那一切,overcome 符合文义。故答 案选 D。

(十八) (2013· 南京市二模) In my early childhood, my parents and teachers taught me to be persistent (执着) in every task I devoted myself to. I was that persistence is the only way towards success. But a small made me change my mind. One day my twoyearold son, __3__ at a dozen of “stood” color markerpens, cheered excitedly , “Mummy, look! I did it.” Afterwards, he collected some ballpens, __4__ to do the same. __1__ __2__

Hard though he tried, the ballpens just lay __5__. He turned to me for help. Noticing they had either sharp or round ends, I said __6__, “Mummy can't help you.” To my surprise, he wouldn't listen and continued trying... I was dumbfounded by his persistence. My son's behaviour reminded me of George who was always __7__ in his work and rarely talked to anyone. To him, __8__,

there was no such thing called weekends or holidays. Our boss praised __9__ about him and __10__ us to look up to him as a role model. One day I met George. “Gonna work late again tonight?” “Probably can't leave till midnight,” he said. “How many hours have you put in here each week, eighty or ninety?” “__11__.” “Don't you have time to be with your family at all?” He shook his head slowly and to even think about letting go.” __12__ a sigh. “It's not what I

wanted. But I have worked on it for so long. It's much too __13__

A year later I resigned. The __14__ thing I heard about him was that his wife divorced him. Since then I've never seen him. But occasionally his aged __15__ would come to my mind. knowing why the ballpens couldn't __17__ the impossibility after Until that day, __16__

stand up, the twoyearold had water markers for his “game”. go of his previous to

many failures. He put aside all the ballpens and kept only those __18__, he already learned to let

__19__ attempts.

In our daily life, many headaches can be avoided if we know how __20__ them and then decisively let go of them immediately. 文章大意: 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。 作者通过自己儿子以及以前 一位同事的例子说明了, 当意识到目标无法实现时, 应该学会接受失 败,懂得放手的道理。 1.A.confident C.conscious B.consistent D.convinced

答案:D 考查形容词辨析。句意为:我相信执着是通往成功的 唯一途径。A 项意为“有信心的”;B 项意为“持续的”;C 项意为 “神志清醒的,自觉的”;D 项意为“确信的”。根据语意和上文内 容可知,答案选 D。 2.A.event C.accident B.incident D.affair

答案:B 考查名词辨析。句意为:但一件小事使我改变了想法 (改变了原来的观念)。A 项一般指重大事件;B 项指小事件;C 项指 意外事件; D 项多指麻烦事。 根据下文作者举的她儿子的例子和空格 前的“small”一词可知,这是一件“小事情”。故答案选 B。 3.A.pointing B.shouting



答案:A 考查动词辨析。句意为:一天,我两岁的儿子,指着 几只“站着(竖立着)”的彩笔,激动地对我说:“妈妈,看!我能(做 到)这样。”A 项意为“指向”;B 项意为“叫喊”;C 项意为“尖 叫”;D 项意为“大笑”。由下文所跟的宾语“彩笔”可知,只有 A 项符合常识。故答案选 A。 4.A.insisting C.intending B.requiring D.urging

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:之后,他找了一些圆珠笔, 也打算去那样做(让圆珠笔竖着立起来)。A 项意为“坚持”;B 项意 为“要求”; C 项意为“打算, 想要”; D 项意为“强烈要求, 催促”。 故答案选 C。 5.A.flat C.still B.silent D.quiet

答案:A 考查形容词辨析。句意为:尽管他努力尝试,圆珠笔 还是躺着(立不起来)。根据上文的“stood”可知,此处应用“flat(平躺 着)”一词。故答案选 A。 6.A.deliberately C.unintentionally B.casually D.enthusiastically

答案:B 考查副词辨析。句意为:他向我求助。我看到圆珠笔 的头要么是尖的要么是圆的,我随口说:“妈妈也帮不了你。”A 项 意为“故意地”;B 项意为“随便地,漫不经心地”;C 项意为“并 非故意地”;D 项意为“热情地”。根据语意语境可知,答案应选 B 项。 7.A.interested B.busy

C.devoted 答案: D



George, 他总是埋头于工作之中, 很少与人说话。 interested 意为“感 兴趣的”;devoted 意为“忠诚的,全心全意的”,be devoted to sth. 意为“全心全意于某事”。be buried in sth.或 be busy with sth.意为 “忙于某事,致力于某事,专注于某事”。根据句意和空格后的介词 in 可知,答案选 D。 8.A.therefore C.otherwise B.however D.though

答案:A 考查连接副词辨析。句意为:因此,对于他来说,根 本没有所谓的周末或假期。 根据上文“always... in his work and rarely talked to anyone”知,本句与上文是因果关系,故应用“therefore”一 词。故答案选 A。 9.A.high C.well 答案:B B.highly D.much 考查固定搭配。句意为:我们老板对他高度赞

扬??praise highly about sb.意为“高度赞扬某人”,是固定搭配。 故答案选 B。 10.A.promised C.inspired B.demanded D.appealed

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:鼓励大家以他为模范向他学 习。A 项意为“承诺”;B 项意为“要求”,demand of sb. to do sth. 意为“要求某人去做某事”; C 项意为“鼓励, 鼓舞”, inspire sb. to do sth.意为“鼓励某人去做某事”; D 项意为“呼吁”, appeal to sb. to do sth.意为“呼吁/号召某人去做某事”。由句意和选项可知,答

案选 C。 11.A.At random C.At most B.At times D.At least

答案:D 考查介词短语辨析。A 项意为“随便地,任意地,胡 乱地”; B 项意为“有时候”; C 项意为“最多”; D 项意为“至少, 最少”。根据上下文内容可知,此处表示 George 每周至少工作八十 或九十个小时。故答案选 D。 12.A.let off C.sent off B.let out D.sent out

答案:B 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:“那你岂不是根本没有 时间和家人在一起?”我问到。 他慢慢地摇了摇头, 叹了口气说: “那 不是我想要的。 我在这个项目上工作这么久了, 甚至一想到要放手就 觉得太让我心痛。”let out 意为“放出,发泄”,let out a sigh 意为 “叹气”。故答案选 B。 13.A.encouraging C.painful B.comfortable D.ashamed

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。A 项意为“令人鼓舞的”;B 项意 为“舒适的”;C 项意为“痛苦的”;D 项意为“羞愧的”。根据句 意和上下文语境可知,答案选 C。 14.A.latter C.last B.later D.lately

答案:C 考查词语辨析。句意为:一年后我辞职了。我听说的 最后一件关于他的事情就是他的妻子和他离婚了。A 项意为“(两者 中的)后者”;B 项意为“(时间上的)以后,后来”;C 项意为“最后 的”; D 项意为“近来”。 根据下文“Since then I've never seen him.”

可知,应用“last”一词。故答案选 C。 15.A.picture C.reflection B.figure D.image

答案:D 考查名词辨析。句意为:从那以来,我再也没见到过 他。但偶尔会想到他那年迈的形象。A 项意为“图片,照片”;B 项 意为“数字,人物”;C 项意为“反应,反射”;D 项意为“形象, 影像”。由句意和选项可知,答案选 D。 16.A.for C.without B.with D.besides

答案:C 考查介词辨析。句意为:直到那天,一个两岁的孩子, 虽然不知道为什么圆珠笔立不起来, 但在经历了多次的失败后, 接受 了失败的现实。根据语意可知,应用“without”一词。故答案选 C。 17.A.received C.refused B.accepted D.rejected

答案:B 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“(客观上)收到”;B 项意 为“(主观上)接受”;C 项意为“拒绝”;D 项意为“排斥”。根据 下文“He put aside all the ballpens and kept only those water markers...”可知,他接受了圆珠笔不能立起来这个事实。故答案选 B。 18.A.Generally C.Additionally 答案:D B.Eventually D.Obviously


放到一边,只玩(竖立)彩笔的游戏。很显然,他已经学会去放手那些 他以前无效的(毫无结果的)尝试。 A 项意为“一般来说, 总的来说”; B 项意为“最后,终于”;C 项意为“此外,而且”;D 项意为“很

明显,很显然”。故答案选 D。 19.A.useless C.hopeful B.endless D.meaningful

答案:A 考查形容词辨析。A 项意为“无效的,无用的”;B 项意为“无止境的”;C 项意为“充满希望的”;D 项意为“有意义 的”。根据句意和上文内容可知,答案选 A。 20.A.clarify C.identify B.distinguish D.acknowledge

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:在我们的日常生活中,如果 我们知道如何去识别出那些令人头疼的事情(即认识到自己没办法实 现),果断放手,那么很多那样的事情是可以避免的。A 项“澄清, 阐明”;B 项“区别,辨别”;C 项“识别,鉴别”;D 项“承认, 答谢,报偿”。根据语意可知,应用“identify”一词。故答案选 C。 (十九) (2013· 合肥市二模) Youth sports teach kids to develop a winning state of mind as well as the ability to become team leaders. Although having and create the __3__ __1__ is a major part of athletics, the only purpose of sports is to compete __2__ mentality (心态) people need in sports.

have the extremely hard task of getting their young __4__, I was at

athletes to learn how to play the sport and become disciplined, and ready to play the sport to the best of their ability.

my younger brother's baseball game the other night and his team was __5__ by five runs in the last part of the game. While most teams in this situation would be desperately trying to regain their around, __7__ __6__ for bravery and will to fight, his team just seemed to slowly walk sunflower seeds, and laugh at jokes made by

teammates. I asked my brother after the game why everybody was so __8__ about the loss and he said it was because some kid's mom brought really good snacks. Some parents have a __9__ with coaches shouting at their child, as they hold the view that if a child makes a mistake, it is the coach's __10__ to correct the problem. When parents get __11__ the team, problems involved in telling the coach how to an equal

__12__. Some parents feel if they pay their money, they should have __13__ on how to coach the team. In order to have a successful learning experience, the coach needs to feel like he can control his team and __14__ the parents from having the last say. Without that, the coach feels as if he needs to __16__ it. With youth sport programs becoming less competitive, club teams are on the __17__. More teens can get an easier access to them. Club teams necessary in __18__ more of what high school and junior high coaches are looking for, the competitive edge that is absolutely __19__. While having fun is important, skills and a __20__ mentality is worth more in the world of sports. 文章大意: 本文是一篇议论文。 体育运动对青少年来讲不仅是好 玩,更重要的是它培养了青少年竞争、必胜的心态,这也是体育的价 值所在。 C.courage B.dignity D.patience __15__ the parents by giving more playing time to their kids who actually don't

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:尽管运动在很大程度上可以 使人感到乐趣(fun)??此处与文章最后一句中“While having fun is important”相呼应, 故答案 A 符合文义。 dignity 尊严; courage 勇气;

patience 耐心,均不符合文义,故排除。 C.healthy B.competitive D.responsible

答案:B 考查形容词辨析。句意为:??体育的唯一目的是竞 争,并为人们创造在体育运动时所必需的那种竞争的(competitive)心 态。此处与本句 and 前的“... is to compete”和文章最后一段倒数第二 句中的“... the competitive edge that is absolutely necessary...”相呼 应,故答案 B 符合文义。 3.A.Coaches C.Experts B.Parents D.Headmasters

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:教练(coach)需要让年轻的运 动员学会如何运动、遵守纪律,并能在运动中充分发挥自己的能力, 这是一项极其艰巨的任务。根据第三段第一句中的“it is the coach's ________ to correct the problem”可知,答案 A 符合文义。 4.A.As a result C.For example B.In addition D.On the contrary

答案:C 考查介词短语辨析。句意:譬如(for example),一天 晚上我去看了弟弟的棒球队比赛??as a result 结果是;in addition 此外;on the contrary 相反。上句中作者提出作为一名教练很不容易 的观点,下文中是用一个例子来印证这个观点,由此可知,C 项符合 文义。 5.A.up C.above B.below D.down

答案:D 考查介词辨析。句意为:??他们队在比赛的后半场 落后了(down)五分。与本段最后一句中的“about the loss”相呼应,故

答案 D 符合文义。 6.A.scores C.spirits B.goals D.dreams

答案:C 考查名词辨析。句意为:尽管大多数队伍在这种情况 下会竭力振作起来(regain one's spirits), 进行反击??由 for bravery 可知,此处应是一种“精神(spirit)”,故答案 C 符合文义。score 得 分;goal 目标,进球;dream 梦想,均不符合文义,故排除。 7.A.chew C.count B.spit D.swallow

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:??而他的队友们却慢慢地 到处走动, 嗑(spit 吐)着瓜子, 听其他队友讲的笑话开心地笑着。 chew 嚼;count 数数;swallow 吞咽,均不符合文义,故排除。 8.A.worried C.serious B.happy D.casual

答案:D 考查形容词辨析。句意为:赛后我问弟弟,大家为什 么对失败都无所谓(casual 随意的)呢??根据上句中“his team just seemed to slowly walk around... laugh at jokes made by teammates” 所描述的弟弟的队员们的态度可知,答案 D 符合文义。 9.A.joke B.problem D.compromise

答案:B 考查名词辨析。句意为:一些家长对教练斥责他们的 孩子很是不满(problem)??与 shouting at(怒骂,斥责)相呼应。joke 玩笑; contact 联系; compromise 妥协, 均不符合语境, 故排除。 have a problem with sb./sth.对??有意见,为固定搭配,故答案 B 符合文 义。 10.A.duty B.experience



答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:??因为他们认为,如果孩 子犯错误了,教练有责任(duty)去纠正这些问题。experience 经验, 经历 awareness 意识;turn 轮流,均不符合文义,故排除。 11.A.dismiss C.handle B.unite D.assess

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:当父母开始干涉教练如何管 理(handle 处理)一个运动队时??与本段倒数第二句中的“the coach needs to feel like he can control his team”相呼应, 故答案 C 符合文义。 dismiss 解散;unite 团结;assess 评价,均不符合文义,故排除。 12.A.stand out out B.break out D.come out

答案:D 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:当父母开始干涉教练如 何管理运动员时,长此以往,问题也就随之而来(come out)了。stand out 出色,突出;break out 爆发(一般指战争或者口角);work out 锻 炼身体,进展,均不符合文义,故排除。 13.A.say C.response B.guidance D.reward

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:一些父母认为如果他们付了 钱, 他们在教运动队方面就应该有同样的话语权(say)。 与本段倒数第 二句中的“the parents from having the last say”相呼应,故答案 A 符 合文义。guidance 指导;response 回应;reward 奖赏,均不符合文 义,故排除。 14.A.protect C.excuse B.defend D.discourage

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:为了让队员们有成功的学习 经历,教练需要感觉到他能够掌控他的团队,不让(discourage...from 打消??)孩子的父母们介入决定权。protect 保护;defend 防御; excuse 原谅,均不符合语境,故排除。 15.A.assist C.please B.motivate D.blame

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:要不然的话,教练会认为自 己好像需要给这些孩子们更多的时间以取悦 (please) 他们的父母。 assist 帮助;motivate 激励;blame 埋怨,均不符合文义,故排除。 16.A.want C.value B.deserve D.appreciate

答案:B 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,此处指那些孩子实际 上并不值得(deserve)教练给他们更多的时间。与 actually 相呼应,故 答案 B 符合文义。want 想;value 珍惜;appreciate 欣赏,均不符合 文义,故排除。 17.A.way C.go B.decline D.rise

答案:D 考查名词辨析。句意为:随着青年运动项目竞争不那 么激烈了,俱乐部的规模却在扩大(on the rise)。由下句“More teens can get an easier access to them.”可知,答案 D 符合文义。 18.A.offer 答案:A B.require D.preserve 考查动词辨析。句意为:俱乐部提供给(offer)初高中

教练们更多他们一直追寻的东西??require 要求;seek 追求,寻找; preserve 保护,均不符合文义,故排除。

19.A.academics C.exams

B.sports D.competitions

答案:B 考查名词辨析。由文章主题:youth sports 和第一段 中“the only purpose of sports is to compete...”可知,此处指竞争性在 体育运动中还是非常有必要的。故答案 B 符合文义。 20.A.risking C.winning B.controlling D.cooperating

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。句意为:尽管娱乐很重要,但是技 能和追求胜利的精神在体育运动中是更有价值的。与文章第一句 “Youth sports teach kids to develop a winning state of mind as well as the ability to become team leaders.”相呼应, 故答案 C 符合文义。 risk 冒险;control 控制;cooperate 合作,均不符合文义,故排除。 (二十) (2013· 南昌市二模) It was about the third week in June last year. My 15yearold son had already settled into his summer routine: Go to __1__ at

2 a. m. and wake up at 1 p.m. only to get back on his computer to play computer games __2__ dinner. It was the middle of the __3__ when the sound of his that any __5__ computer games woke me up again. I couldn't __4__ the computer and found a lifeguard certification class that the next day, and a company that pools. From that day I woke him up at 8 a.m. every day for him to __7__ the class. At first, he continued to complain that I was

more and decided it was time for him to get a summer job. I got on __6__ teenagers to guard their

__8__ his summer. But by the end of the week, he was actually

__9__ going. He learned something about first aid, figured he really could __10__ someone from drowning, and got some ideas on how to __11__ work for a living. Two weeks later, he had a __12__ as a lifeguard. He took his responsibility very __13__ and never went to work late. This summer, he will be working fulltime at a pool. He says a lot of his __14__ don't have jobs. And I say that is because their mothers didn't try __15__ enough! Even if your kid is super __16__ with finals and afterschool activities and doesn't have time, you can __17__ job information for him. Whether it is an ice cream store, a movie summer camp, you can ask if they are hiring make sure he is never late. 文章大意: 本文是一篇记叙文。 孩子的暑假怎么过呢?让他们自 己尽情玩电脑游戏?作者从自己的实践出发, 认为家长应该给孩子一 定的指导和帮助,让他们过一个愉快而有意义的假期。 C.bed __18__, or a __19__ for the

summer. After your kid gets a job, pay attention to the __20__ to

答案:C 考查名词在语境中的运用。根据下文“wake up at 1 p.m.”可知,此处指凌晨两点睡觉(go to bed),下午一点起床。故 C 项正确。 2.A.around C.after B.until D.during

答案:B 考查连词用法。根据语境可知,他每天只玩游戏,一 直玩到(until)吃晚饭的时候。故 B 项正确。 3.A.night B.noon



答案: A 考查名词在语境中的运用。 根据上文“Go to ________ at 2 a.m.”可知,此处指“我”在半夜(the middle of the night)被他 电脑的游戏声音弄醒了。故 A 项正确。 C.notice B.appreciate D.stand

答案:D 考查动词辨析。“我”再也不能忍受(stand)了,觉得 该给他找份暑期工作。stand 忍受,符合语境。故 D 项正确。 5.A.lasted C.started B.rested D.developed

答案: C 考查动词辨析。 由第三段第一句“From that day I woke him up at...”可知,此处指救生员认证课程班第二天开课。last 持续; rest 休息;start 开始;develop 发展。故 C 项正确。 6.A.hired C.persuaded 答案:A B.forced D.force

考查动词辨析。一家公司雇用 (hire)年轻人来照看游

泳池。hire 雇用;force 强迫;persuade 说服。故 A 项正确。 7.A.give C.observe 答案:B B.attend 考 查 动 词 辨 析 。 由 第 三 段 第 四 句 中 “He learned

something about first aid...”可知,每天早上八点我叫醒儿子去参加 (attend)这个班的学习。give 给;attend 参加;observe 观察;help 帮 助。故 B 项正确。 8.A.designed C.enjoying B.ruining D.joining



的暑假。根据上文可知,ruin 符合语境,design 设计;ruin 破坏; enjoy 享受;join 参加。故 B 项正确。 9.A.looking into C.looking down upon B.looking out of D.looking forward to

答案: D 考查动词短语辨析。 根据上文“At first, he... complain... But...”可知, 刚开始他总是抱怨, 后来他真的盼望着(look forward to) 去上课了。look into 深入调查;look out of 朝外看;look down upon 轻视;look forward to 期盼。根据语意和上文“But”可知,D 项正确。 10.A.recognize B.conduct

答案: C 考查动词辨析。 他真的能挽救(save)溺水者。 recognize 认出;conduct 引导,管理;save 挽救;buy 买。故 C 项正确。 11.A.roughly C.actually 答案:C B.luckily D.suddenly


了一些关于如何真正地(actually)为了生存而工作的知识。roughly 粗 糙地; luckily 幸运地; actually 事实上; suddenly 突然。 故 C 项正确。 12.A.job C.goal B.problem D.reward

答案: A 考查名词辨析。 他得到了一份作为救生员的工作(job)。 job 工作; problem 问题; goal 目标; reward 报酬。 此处与下文“never went to work late”相照应。故 A 项正确。 13.A.slowly C.calmly B.seriously D.quickly

答案:B 考查副词辨析。根据下文“never went to work late”可 知, 他工作认真, 从不迟到。 slowly 缓慢地; seriously 认真地; calmly 平静地;quickly 迅速地。take sth. seriously 为固定搭配,意为“认 真对待某事”。故 B 项正确。 14.A.teachers C.students 答案:D B.colleagues D.friends

考查名词在语境中的运用。根据下文 “because their

mothers didn't try...”可知,儿子的许多朋友都没有工作。A 项“老 师”;B 项“同事”;C 项“学生”均不符合语境。故 D 项正确。 15.A.hard C.early 答案: A D.directly 考查副词辨析。那是因为他们的妈妈们没有努力地

(hard)尝试。hard 努力地;fast 快地;early 早地;directly 直接地。 故 A 项正确。 16.A.clear C.busy B.excited D.disappointed

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。根据下文中“doesn't have time”可 知,此处指“忙于??(busy with...)”,故 C 项正确。 17.A.write down C.wait for B.think about for

答案:D 考查动词短语辨析。即使孩子很忙,家长也能为他搜 索(search for)一些工作信息。write down 写下;think about 考虑; wait for 等待;search for 寻找。故 D 项正确。 C.park B.square D.factory

答案:A 考查名词在语境中的运用。根据语境可知,此处指冰 激凌店、电影院(movie theatre)或夏令营。故 A 项正确。 19.A.experts C.teenagers B.foreigners D.villagers

答案:C 考查名词在语境中的运用。此处指可以问问他们是不 是雇用青少年(teenagers)。此处与下文“your kid”相照应。故 C 项正 确。 20.A.habit C.tradition B.schedule D.determination

答案: B 考查名词辨析。 此处指留意时间表确保他永远不迟到。 habit 习惯;schedule 时间表;tradition 传统;determination 决心。 根据“to make sure he is never late”可知,B 项正确。 (二十一) (2013· 天津市十二区县联考二) My mother has been a true inspiration to me and changed the way I look at life. Since my birth she has made it evident that I would become __1__ and that I would be one of the great ones. She __2__ to it. __3__ has taught me that I can do anything if I put my to others. I had problems

As a young boy, I struggled to achieve tasks that came speaking. I didn't talk the way __4__

with writing, reading and especially kids did and did not

respond to questions or stay alert (警觉的) to my surroundings. My reading was poor speech was hard to __5__ with teachers helping me, and my __7__ it

__6__. My writing was not at the

should have been. Even simple things like knowing my left from my right or being able to snap My mother my fingers (弹手指) were __8__.

__9__ all my challenges and as a professor with

a PH. D. , decided to



situation early in my __12__ me. She spent needed to know, her I would not be

development. She didn't want me to hours every day __13__

__11__. After a while, we did

indeed get over all the problems that had determined to help me learn. __14__

me everything I

anywhere close to the level I am now. In addition, she gave __15__ for my life. She told me what to do and what not to do. Her expectations have always been high __16__ she knows that I can do it. For that, I thank her. She __17__ on me, education is a must. I will be a would not allow her son to be incapable. She never and to this day she tells me

__18__ person if I continue to follow her lead. She encourages me to study hard for my __19__ and attend college. She used her gifts as a __20__ to help a child—her become something. child—and now I have the opportunity to

文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文。作为一名教师和哲学博士,妈妈 对残疾的儿子尽心尽力, 帮助“我”克服生活中的种种困难, 树立积 极的生活态度,最终使“我”有所作为。 1.A.everything C.anything B.nothing D.something

答案:D 考查代词辨析。everything 一切事物;nothing 无事; anything 任何事;something 某事,重要的人或物。由语境可知,妈 妈认为“我”终将会有所作为。此处与文章最后一句中的 “now I have the opportunity to become something”呼应。故 D 项正确。 2.A.mind C.feelings B.brain

答案:A 考查名词在语境中的运用。句意为:妈妈让我知道了

只要我专心于某件事,就一定能成功。put one's mind to 意为“全神 贯注于??”符合语境。故 A 项正确。 3.A.smoothly C.frequently B.strongly D.easily

答案:D 考查副词辨析。smoothly 平稳地,平滑地;strongly 坚强地; frequently 频繁地; easily 容易地。 联系下文“I had problems with writing, reading and especially speaking.”可知, 此处是指其他人 能很容易完成的事情“我”必须很努力地去做。故 D 项正确。 4.A.average C.normal B.ordinary D.common

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。average 平均的;ordinary 一般的; normal 正常的;common 普通的。句意为:我不能和正常孩子一样 说话。故 C 项正确。 5.A.just C.even B.ever D.only

答案:C 考查副词辨析。句意为:即使有老师的帮助,我的阅 读能力还是很差。故 C 项正确。 6.A.hear B.write D.understand

答案:D 考查动词辨析。根据第二段第二句可知,“我”讲话 很难听懂。故 D 项正确。 7.A.level C.speed B.length

答案:A 考查名词辨析。level 水平;length 长度;speed 速度; degree 程度,等级。句意为:我的写作没有达到本该有的水平。故 A

项正确。 8.A.problems C.worries B.excuses D.duties

答案:A 考查名词辨析。problem 问题;excuse 借口;worry 担忧;duty 职责。联系语境可知,就连那些简单的事情,比如分辨 左右、弹手指等,对“我”来说都是问题。故 A 项正确。 9.A.suffered C.removed B.observed D.tolerated

答案: B 考查动词辨析。 suffer 遭受; observe 观察, 遵守; remove 移动;tolerate 容忍。由语境可知,此处指妈妈看到了“我”所面临 的所有挑战。故 B 项正确。其他各项均不符合语境。 C.change B.find D.keep

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:作为一名哲学博士,妈妈决 定要尽早改变我的这种情况。 根据下文内容可知, 妈妈一直没有放弃 “我”,而是一直在帮助“我”改变这种情况。故 C 项正确。 11.A.fight C.strike B.struggle D.challenge

答案: B 考查动词辨析。 fight 斗争; struggle 挣扎, 奋斗; strike 打击;challenge 挑战。根据上下文语境可知,妈妈要帮“我”改变 这种情况,她不想让“我”如此挣扎。故 B 项正确。 12.A.interrupted C.terrified B.disturbed D.troubled

答案:D 考查动词辨析。interrupt 打断;disturb 打扰;terrify 使害怕,恐吓;trouble 麻烦。句意为:一段时间之后,我们确实克

服了所有那些让我烦恼的问题。故 D 项正确。 13.A.teaching C.supporting D.reminding

答案:A 考查动词辨析。句意为:妈妈决定帮助我学习,她每 天花几个小时教我听需要知道的所有事情。故 A 项正确。 14.A.Without C.Besides B.Except D.Beyond

答案: A 考查介词辨析。 根据语境可知, 没有妈妈的话, “我” 不会达到“我”现在的水平。故 A 项正确。 15.A.information C.promise B.advice D.expectation

答案: B 考查名词辨析。 information 信息; advice 建议; promise 诺言;expectation 期望。根据下句“She told me what to do and what not to do.”可知,妈妈在生活上给“我”建议。故 B 项正确。 16.A.before C.because B.though D.unless

答案:C 考查连词辨析。句意为:由于妈妈知道我能行,因此 她的期望往往很高。 根据空前后两句话之间的逻辑关系可知,C 项正 确。 17.A.set up C.pushed up B.gave up D.looked up

答案:B 考查动词短语辨析。set up 建立;give up 放弃;push up 提高;look up 仰望。句意为:不允许自己的儿子无能。她从来都 没有放弃过我,直到今天她还告诉我:教育是必需的。故 B 项正确。 B.famous

C.successful 答案: C


考查形容词辨析。 rich 富有的; famous 著名的;

successful 成功的;powerful 强大的。句意为:如果我继续跟着他的 指导,我一定会成为一个成功的人。故 C 项正确。 C.experiments 答案: B B.grades D.abilities

考查名词辨析。 training 培训; grade 成绩; experiment

实验;ability 能力。句意为:她鼓励我要努力学习,提高成绩,考上 大学。故 B 项正确。 20.A.woman C.sister D.teacher

答案:D 考查名词在语境中的运用。句意为:她利用她作为一 名教师的天赋帮助了一个孩子——她自己的孩子。 上文提到妈妈每天 都会花几个小时教“我”所需要知道的事情, 并帮助“我”学习, 所 以此处是指妈妈作为一名教师的天赋。故 D 项正确。 (二十二) (2013· 太原市二模) Have you ever asked yourself what makes people successful? If you look around and talk those who are very successful, you will see that they all __1__ certain qualities which have proved __2__ for their success. It is evident that successful people are those who act. When they find something needs to be done, they just do it instead of waiting. They believe that __3__ is taken, not given. They __4__ immediately what has to be done and then do it with strengthening their reputation. __5__, thus

Successful people are especially when they


about the things they do, they are doing. They are

__7__ what

motivated by their own __8__ and the joy they get from doing their work. They work hard __9__ when no one is watching and they throw themselves into their work. They do not __10__ failure. Failures and disappointments in life are __11__. It is failure that teaches us much more than success. Successful people pick themselves up after a fall and try again with more determination and failure. They __12__ and learn from each __13__ with those they can learn from and enjoy

the company of those who __14__ their achievement. Having good IQ often gets a person what he wants but it's __15__ the EQ that keeps him there and helps him enjoy a high reputation. Successful people are polite to everyone and treat others with respect. By giving respect to others, they __16__ respect for themselves. Another important __17__ of successful persons is that they people never complain. It's better to praise others and win favor with them. So instead of complaining about a situation, successful always try to solve it. To put it __18__, take action and be enthusiastic. Do not be

afraid to fail, __19__ get up and start again. When you do so, success will be just __20__ the corner. 文章大意:本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了成功的要素,即 行动起来,充满热情,不要害怕失败,失败了站起来从头再来。 1.A.improve C.test B.raise D.possess

答案:D 考查动词辨析。句意为:如果你看看周围,并与那些

成功人士讲话时, 你会发现他们都具有一些在其成功过程中起到重要 作用的优良品质。 improve 改善; raise 养育, 举起; test 测试; possess 拥有,具有。由语境可知,D 项正确。 2.A.vital C.personal B.individual D.mental

答案:A 考查形容词辨析。句意为:??那些品质对于他们的 成功来讲是至关重要的。 vital 至关重要的; individual 个体的; personal 个人的;mental 精神的。由语境可知,A 项正确。 3.A.devotion C.authority B.responsibility D.administration

答案:B 考查名词辨析。句意为:他们认为应该去承担责任, 而不是被给予责任。本句与本段第一句“It is evident that successful people are those who act.”相呼应,故 B 符合语境。devotion 敬业; responsibility 责任;authority 权威;administration 管理。由语境可 知,B 项正确。 4.A.sigh C.weigh 答案:C D.hope 考查动词辨析。句意为:他们立即考虑要做什

么??sigh 叹息;show 显示;weigh 考虑,权衡;hope 希望。由语 境可知,C 项正确。 5.A.pleasure C.adventure B.honor D.behavior

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:??而且很乐意地去做。由 第三段第二句中的“the joy they get from doing their work”可知, pleasure 乐意, 快乐, 符合语境。 故 A 项正确。 honor 荣誉; adventure

探险;behavior 行为,均不符合语境,故排除。 6.A.enthusiastic C.energetic B.characteristic D.authentic

答案:A 考查形容词辨析。句意为:成功的人对他们所做的事 情充满热情??由下文 “take action and be enthusiastic” 可知, enthusiastic 热情的,符合语境,故 A 项正确。characteristic 典型的; energetic 精力充沛的;authentic 真正的,均不符合语境,故排除。 7.A.bring in in B.believe in D.join in

答案:B 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:??尤其是当他们坚信 他们所做的事情时。bring in 引进,赚钱;believe in 坚信,信任;call in 打进电话,让某人进来;join in 加入。由语境可知,B 项正确。 8.A.effort C.condition B.satisfaction D.value

答案:B 考查名词辨析。句意为:他们被自己的满足感而激励 着??此处选 satisfaction,与下文的“the joy they get from doing their work”相呼应, 故 B 项正确。 effort 努力; condition 条件, 状况; value 价值,均不符合语境,故排除。 9.A.just C.only B.right D.even

答案:D 考查副词辨析。句意为:他们努力工作,甚至在没有 人关注时,他们仍旧全身心地投入到工作中。由语境可知,空格前后 两分句间为递进关系,故选 even。故 D 项正确。 10.A.represent C.fear B.expect D.want

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:他们并不害怕失败。由下文 的“Do not be afraid of fail”可知,C 项符合语境。represent 代表; expect 期望;want 想,均不符合语境,故排除。 11.A.apparent C.unavoidable B.uncomfortable D.urgent

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。句意为:失败和失望在生活中是不 可避免的。apparent 明显的;uncomfortable 不舒服的;unavoidable 不可避免的;urgent 紧迫的。由语境可知,C 项正确。 12.A.commitment C.movement B.arrangement D.achievement

答案: A 考查名词辨析。 句意为: 成功的人在跌倒后会爬起来, 并且更坚定地去尝试, 并从每次失败中吸取教训。 commitment 承诺, 献身;arrangement 安排;movement 运动;achievement 成就。根据 语境可知,应选 commitment,与上文的“determination”相呼应。 13.A.progress C.associate D.celebrate

答案:C 考查动词辨析。句意为:他们与那些他们可以向之学 习的人交往。progress 进步;work 工作;associate 使联合;celebrate 庆祝。associate with,意为“交往,联系”,符合语境。故 C 项正 确。 14.A.congratulate C.attempt B.appreciate D.choose

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:而且喜欢和那些欣赏他们成 就的人们在一起。 congratulate 庆贺; appreciate 欣赏; attempt 尝试; choose 选择。由语境可知,B 项正确。

15.A.especially C.naturally

B.totally D.really

答案:D 考查副词辨析。句意为:高智商能让一个人获得他想 要的,但是真正让他成功并享有很高声誉的是他的情商。 especially 尤其是;totally 完全;naturally 自然地;really 真正地。由语境可知, D 项正确。 C.require B.receive D.promise

答案:B 考查动词辨析。句意为:通过尊重他人,他们获得别 人的尊重。此空与“give”相呼应,故 receive 符合语境。 17.A.quality C.ability B.identity D.reality

答案:A 考查名词辨析。句意为:成功人士的另一个重要品质 就是他们从来都不抱怨。第一段中的“certain qualities”可知,A 项符 合语境。identity 身份;ability 能力;reality 现实,均不符合语境, 故排除。 18.A.honestly C.shortly B.firmly D.deeply

答案:C 考查副词辨析。句意为:简而言之就是要行动,有热 情。 由语境可知, 此处是对上文的总结, 故 shortly 符合语境。 honestly 老实地,真诚地;firmly 坚定地;deeply 深刻地,均不符合语境,故 排除。 C.or B.and D.but

答案:D 考查连词辨析。句意为:不要害怕失败,而是要站起

来,重新开始。根据固定搭配“not... but 不是??而是”可知,D 项正确。 C.within D.around

答案:D 考查介词辨析。句意为:当你这些都做到了,成功也 就近在咫尺了。be around the corner 意为“马上发生”,是固定搭 配,符合语境。故 D 项正确。 (二十三) (2013· 云南省第二次统检) It was 1958. I was eighteen and was working as a nurse in a rural town west of Sydney, Australia. I was looking forward to having five days some time. __1__ from duty after working overtime for __2__, the only train that day back to my hometown, __3__. I thought I'd thumb a

over 270 km away, had already lift. I waited by the side of the Gordon. He said that

__4__ for three hours but no one __5__ himself as

stopped for me. Finally, a man walked over and

__6__ he couldn't give me a lift, I could __7__ after standing for

come to his house, which was across the road, for lunch. He'd been watching me and thought I must be hours. I hesitated but he assured me I was offered to help me find a __8__, and he also

__9__ home afterwards. __10__ , he made us

When we arrived at Gordon's

sandwiches. After lunch, he stopped a car, which took me to my hometown. Then I got married, but my husband didn't believe in giving __11__ a ride. This made me feel __12__ when we'd pass

people waiting on the roadside, as I could lift they hoped for.

__13__ offer them the

Twentyfive years later, in 1983, I was driving alone to a nearby town, when I __14__ an elderly man with a small boy, standing __15__ a ride. I saw my chance to __16__ I'd been given decades earlier. I in the glaring heat, trying to repay someone for the on the back seat and pulled over and picked the

__17__ up. I made them comfortable

__18__ some water and sweets.

After a few minutes of small talk, the man said to me ,“You haven't changed a bit, couldn't Gordon. 文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文。一位叫 Gordon 的陌生人对作者 进行了帮助,带作者去家里吃饭,并帮助作者搭便车。后来,作者一 直想帮助别人, 特别是等待搭便车的人, 但是由于作者的丈夫对陌生 人不信任,一直未能实现。后来,作者在一次单独驾车出行时,帮助 了一位老人和孩子搭便车,而那位老人竟然就是曾经帮助作者的 Gordon。 C.out B.away B.up __20__ __19__ your red hair is still the same.” I

where I'd met him. He then told me he was

答案:A 考查副词辨析。根据下文“after working overtime for some time”可知, 此处表示“休 5 天假”。 在四个选项中, off 有“休 假,不工作”之意,与语境相符合。故答案选 A。 2.A.Surprisingly C.Unfortunately B.Hopefully D.Strangely

答案:C 考查副词辨析。根据下文“the only train that day... I thought I'd thumb a lift”可知,唯一可以返乡的火车已经离开,所以

作者感觉自己很不幸运。 因此, unfortunately 符合文义。 故答案选 C。 3.A.started C.delayed B.left D.arrived

答案:B 考查动词辨析。根据下文“I thought I'd thumb a lift” 可知,作者认为自己只能搭便车了。由此可推断,唯一一趟火车已经 离开了,left 符合语境。故答案选 B。 C.railway B.station D.highway

答案:D 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知,作者当时在路边等着 搭便车。highway 意为“公路,大路”,与文意相符。故答案选 D。 5.A.considered C.introduced B.described D.named

答案:C 考查动词辨析。一位路过的男士介绍自己是 Gordon。 introduce oneself as 可作为短语使用,是“自称”之意。由此可知, C 项符合语境。故答案选 C。 6.A.when C.although B.once D.unless

答案:C 考查连词辨析。根据下文“I could come to his house” 可知,前后句为让步关系。因此,although“虽然,尽管”与此相符。 故答案选 C。 7.A.tired C.angry B.thirsty D.hungry

答案:D 考查形容词辨析。根据下文“after standing for hours” 和上文“for lunch”,并结合选项可知,空格处表达的意思是“饥饿 的”,因此,hungry 符合文义。故答案选 D。

8.A.careful C.young 答案:B D.suspicious

考查形容词辨析。根据下文可知,Gordon 请作者去

他的家吃午饭。 因为当时作者有点犹豫, 所以对方使作者相信自己是 安全的。由此可知,空格处应使用 safe。suspicious 意为“可疑的, 怀疑的,多疑的”,与文意不符,可排除。故答案选 B。 9.A.lift C.train 答案:A B.way D.bicycle 考查名词辨析。根据上文第一段最后一句“I thought

I'd thumb a lift.”可知,此处指的是 Gordon 使作者相信他也会帮助 作者搭到一辆车。因此,lift 符合文义。故答案选 A。 D.garage

答案:C 考查名词辨析。根据上文第二段第三句“I could come to his house.”可知,作者到了 Gordon 的住处。在选项中,house 的 词义与此相符。故答案选 C。 11.A.villagers C.relatives B.strangers D.neighbours

答案: B 考查名词辨析。 此处的语境与上文形成了鲜明的对比, 作者的丈夫不相信陌生人,不会让他们搭便车。由此可知,strangers 符合文义。故答案选 B。 12.A.bad C.excited B.nervous D.anxious

答案: A 考查形容词辨析。 作者一心想帮助别人搭便车, 但是, 她的丈夫不愿意那样做。 因此, 从那些在路边上等待搭便车的人旁边

经过时,作者心里感到难过。由此可知,bad 符合文义。故答案选 A。 13.A.ever C.never B.still D.sometimes

答案:C 考查副词辨析。根据上下文可知,作者之所以难过, 是因为她从来不能帮助陌生人,让他们搭便车。在四个选项中,只有 C 项是表示否定的,与文意相符。故答案选 C。 14.A.recognized C.knew B.noticed D.observed

答案:B 考查动词辨析。作者在一次单独驾车时,注意到了一 位老人领着一个小男孩。因此,noticed 符合文义,而 recognized, knew,observed 均与文意不符,可排除。故答案选 B。 15.A.offer C.demand B.enjoy D.get

答案:D 考查动词辨析。根据上下文可知,此处指的是老人正 在等待搭便车,get a ride 为固定短语,是“搭便车”之意,与文意 相符。因此,空格处应使用动词 get。故答案选 D。 C.effort B.debt D.favour

答案:D 考查名词辨析。根据上文可知,此处指的是作者早在 几十年前被给予了帮助, 所以作者在寻找机会来回报曾经被给予的帮 助。favour 意为“帮助,恩惠”,符合文义。故答案选 D。 17.A.pair B.couple

答案: A 考查名词辨析。 根据上文“an elderly man with a small boy”可知,此处指的是老人和孩子两个人。在四个选项中, pair 符

合文义。故答案选 A。 18.A.exchanged C.drank B.shared D.brought

答案:B 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,此处指的是作者和他 们一起分享水和甜品。因此,shared 与文意相符。故答案选 B。 19.A.even C.thus B.only D.just

答案:A 考查副词辨析。根据上下文可知,空格处表示的是程 度,前后两句为递进关系,even 意为“甚至”,与此相符。故答案 选 A。 20.A.remind C.recommend B.repeat D.recall

答案:D 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,作者一时想不起在哪 里见过他。 remind 意为“提醒”; repeat 意为“重复”; recommend 意为“推荐,建议,劝告”;recall 意为“回想起,记起”。根据语 境可知,答案选 D。 (二十四) (2013· 东北三省三校第二次联考) Two years ago, Shirley, wife, mother and doctor, found herself worn out. She got up earlier, and went to bed later, just to meet everyday __1__ , but lacked __2__ for the things that

mattered most. She and her husband, a lawyer, began searching for ways to __3__ their lives. “We had to decide what was really says Shirley. They knew they wanted more time to __4__,” __5__ with

their threeyearold son, to exercise and eat right, and to develop

friendship. So the couple chose to live more simply, shopping with care for necessities and enjoying Then Shirley inexpensive __6__ such as reading, cooking and going to the park. __7__ her job and began working part time. __8__ “At your service, buy She printed business cards that

__9__ a little time” and helped clients (客户) with personal tasks like shopping, paying bills and __10__ parties. “I still work __11__,” she __ 12__ __13__.” or play

hard, but being able to control my hours makes a says, “I can spare time to take my son to the basketball with him. My stress and headaches are Shirley and her husband are __14__

alone in wanting to

__15__ and live a satisfying life. A survey found that 54 percent of parents say they have little time with their children, and 47 percent of married couples __16__ that they lack time together. does the time go? For most people, __18__ and commuting (通勤) take up most of the day. Simplifying means becoming Then we have to gain pleasures. 文章大意:本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。文章主要介绍了 Shirley 夫 妇为了追求更简单的生活方式,辞掉工作做起了兼职,为私人购物、 付款、 组织聚会等。 他们在自己享受生活的同时也给他人提供了便利。 生活简单化就意味着我们要知道所花钱、 时间和精力的方式, 然后找 到使事情变简单的方式。 1.A.activities __19__ of the ways we __17__

use money, time and energy, and finding ways to make things easier. __20__ over life and have time for the



答案:C 考查名词辨析。activity 活动;service 服务;demand 要求,需要;exercise 运动。由语境可知,她早起晚睡是为了满足工 作中的要求。meet demand 为固定搭配,语意为“满足需求”。此处 与第四段第一句相照应。故 C 项正确。 2.A.time B.strength D.ability

答案:A 考查名词辨析。根据第二段“They knew they wanted more time to...”可知,辞掉工作前她没有太多时间去做最重要的事 情。故 A 项正确。 3.A.lead C.adapt B.simplify D.consider

答案: B 考查动词辨析。 lead 领导, 致使; simplify 简化; adapt 使适应;consider 考虑。根据第三段中的“So the couple chose to live more simply”可知,他们夫妇俩人想办法希望使生活变得简单一些。 故 B 项正确。 4.A.comfortable C.important B.interesting D.hard

答案:C 考查形容词辨析。comfortable 舒服的;interesting 有 趣的;important 重要的;hard 艰难的。根据第一段中“... the things that mattered most.”及下文“with their threeyearold son...”可知, 此处指 Shirley 认为他们应该判定什么才是真正重要的事情。 故C项 正确。

答案:D 考查动词辨析。由语境可知,他们希望有更多的时间 和三岁的儿子一起玩。play with sb.意为“和某人玩”,符合语境。 故 D 项正确。 6.A.pleasures C.tasks B.places D.goods

答案: A 考查名词辨析。 根据下文“reading, cooking and going to the park”可知,他们享受着廉价的快乐(pleasure)。故 A 项正确。 7.A.found C.took B.received D.quit

答案: D 考查动词辨析。 find 发现; receive 接受; take 拿; quit 辞职。 根据下文“... began working part time”可知, 此处指她辞职了。 故 D 项正确。 C.showed B.wrote D.told

答案:A 考查动词辨析。read 阅读,读取(文件或文档);write 写(表动作);show 表明;tell 告诉。由语境可知,此处指她的名片上 写着“为您服务??”。一般表示纸上写的内容时常用 read。故 A 项正确。 C.children B.yourself D.herself

答案: B 考查代词辨析。 根据下文中“helped clients (客户) with personal tasks like shopping, paying bills...”可知,她在名片下写着 “为您服务,给您自己省点时间”。故 B 项正确。 10.A.attending C.having B.organizing D.going

答案:B 考查动词辨析。由语境可知, 她的工作是为私人购物、 付款、组织聚会等。organize 组织,符合语境。attend 参加;have 有;go 去,均与语境不符。故 B 项正确。 C.balance B.result D.difference

答案:D 考查名词辨析。由语境可知,辞掉工作后 Shirley 有 更多的时间做自己认为更重要的事, 虽然仍旧要努力工作, 但现在能 够控制自己的时间对 Shirley 来说意义很大。make a difference 有作 用,有影响,符合语境。make a balance 保持平衡,用在此处不符合 逻辑。故 D 项正确。 C.park

答案:C 考查名词辨析。由语境可知,此处指能抽出时间带儿 子去公园或和儿子一起打篮球。 此处与“play basketball”为并列关系。 故 C 项正确。 13.A.gone C.strong B.better D.obvious

答案:A 考查形容词辨析。由语境可知,生活方式的改变让她 的压力和头痛都消失了。be gone 消失了,不见了,符合语境。故 A 项正确。 14.A.a bit C.much too B.far from D.more than

答案: B 考查短语辨析。 a bit 一点儿; far from 远非; much too 太,非常; more than 多于。联系下文调查中 “54 percent” 和 “47 percent”可知,并非只有 Shirley 夫妇想放慢生活的节奏,过一种更

舒服的生活。故 B 项正确。 15.A.keep pace C.take off B.settle down D.slow down

答案:D 考查动词短语辨析。keep pace 并驾齐驱;settle down 定居;take off 起飞,脱掉;slow down 减速。根据上下文语境及下 文中“________ does the time go?”可知,此处指放慢生活节奏。 故 D 项正确。 16.A.expect C.complain B.doubt D.imagine

答案:C 考查动词辨析。expect 期望;doubt 怀疑;complain 抱怨;imagine 想像。由语境可知,47%的已婚夫妇抱怨他们在一起 的时间太少。故 C 项正确。 17.A.How C.Where B.When D.Why

答案:C 考查副词用法。联系上下文语境可知,此处是问“时 间都哪儿去了呢”。故 C 项正确。 18.A.traveling B.reading D.working

答案:D 考查动词辨析。由语境及大多数人的生活状态可知, 对大多数人来说,工作和乘公交车上下班占用了一天中的大部分时 间。故 D 项正确。 19.A.aware C.proud 答案:A B.afraid D.sure 考查形容词辨析。aware 知道的,意识到的;afraid

担心的;proud 自豪的;sure 确信的。句意为:生活简单化就意味着

要我们要知道所花钱、时间和精力的方式。与下文中 “and finding ways to...”为并列关系。故 A 项正确。 20.A.value C.success 答案:B B.control D.experience

考查名词辨析。value 价值;control 控制;success 成

功;experience 经历,经验。由语境可知,我们应该寻找一些方法使 事情变得更容易一些, 然后, 我们就必须控制自己的生活以获取娱乐 的时间。与上文第四段中“but being able to control...”相照应。故 B 项正确。 (二十五) (2013· 济南市名校四诊) If you're going to do something, my dad used to say, do it right. Mostly he said that after my halfhearted (不尽力的) __1__

to weed the vegetable garden. For some reason, he knew that there were white roots still __2__ deep in the ground without __3__ again __4__ the roots of our __5__, Dad's words looking around the garden. So I would be in the the next day with a spade dig deep and garden. As I tried to focus my attention to kept echoing in my mind: “Do it right.” I saw a perfect example of what Dad was talking about last week when one of the teams in the company was __6__. All of us were sad to see them go. They were good friends and __7__, and we worried about them. And wonder: am I next? But as we watched them during the week they were given to __9__, many of us noticed that they weren't handling this in quite the way we expected them to. __10__ none of them found __8__ , at such times you always

another job, there was also no bitterness or


in their __12__

departure. I didn't hear a negative word. I didn't see any “It's

or unhappy faces—at least, not from them. Instead, I saw grace. __13__,” one of my colleagues whispered. “I went __14__

over there to offer comfort and support to them, and they comforting me.”

Ancient Greeks believed that swans save their sweetest song for the moments to their friends __16__ __15__. I don't know if my departing their ending as a “swan song” or not, but the us. __18__ lots of layoffs

calm, quiet dignity with which they embraced their cruel reality touched and __17__ Lee, a man who has seen and company, __19__ nicely for all of us.

during almost 40 upanddown, onagainoffagain years with the “Now, that's doing it right,” he said. Somewhere, I just know Dad was smiling his __20__.

文章大意: 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文, 作者通过小时候清除菜园杂 草的经历以及公司里几个被解雇的同事的表现,向我们诠释了“Do it right”的内涵。 1.A.attempts C.expectations B.judgements D.requests

答案:A 父亲大多是在“我”没有尽力尝试清除菜园的杂草时 说这句话。attempt“努力,尝试”,符合语境。 2.A.planted C.grown 答案:B B.buried D.stuck 根据上下文可知,此处表示“父亲知道仍然有一些白

色的根深埋在土里”,故 buried 符合语境。

答案:C 因此第二天“我”总是又在花园里,拿着锹深挖,认 真除去我们菜园里杂草的根。 4.A.look forward to in with B.come up with D.get down to

答案:D 参见上题解析。get down to 表示“开始认真注意(或 对待)某事”, 符合语境。 look forward to“盼望”; come up with“找 到(答案)”;fit in with“适应”。 5.A.watching C.digging B.thinking D.working

答案:C 由上句中的“with a spade dig deep”可知,此处表示在 “我”专心挖草根的时候,父亲的话一直在“我”的脑海里回响。 6.A.turned down C.cut down B.laid off D.given up

答案:B 根据后文中的“All of us were sad to see them go.”及 “lots of layoffs”可知,此处表示“我们公司的一个团队被解雇 了”。故 lay off“解雇”,符合语境。 7.A.competitors C.directors 答案:B 同事”。 8.A.frankly C.equally B.naturally D.generally B.colleagues D.consultants


答案:A 并且,老实说,在那样的时候,你会想知道:我是否

是下一个呢?因为同事被解雇, 所以在那种时候, 每个人也会担心自 己是否会被解雇了,故 frankly“老实说”,符合语境。 9.A.hurry up C.pack up B.turn up D.come up

答案:C 上文说到同事被解雇了,所以此处应是给他们一周收 拾东西的时间。故 pack up“收拾行装,打包行李”,符合语境。 10.A.Since C.Unless B.When D.While

答案:D 根据上下文可知,空处所在句和后一句之间是让步关 系,因此选 while,表示“尽管”。尽管没有一个人找到其他的工作, 但是他们也没有痛苦或难过。 11.A.sadness C.anger B.puzzle D.delight

答案:A 根据语境可知,此处应该选一个与 bitterness 意思相 近的词语,因此选 sadness。 12.A.tears C.dangers B.smiles D.fears

答案:A “我”没有从他们脸上看见眼泪和难过的神色。 13.A.upsetting C.disappointing B.exciting D.amazing

答案:D 根据前文的内容和后一句中同事的话可知,此处表示 “我”的一个同事认为被解雇的同事的表现是令人大为惊奇的。 14.A.objected to C.ended up 答案: C B.insisted on D.kept on


的,结果最后他们反过来安慰了“我”的那个同事。end up doing 意 为“以??为结果,以??告终”,符合语境。 15.A.birth C.arrival 答案:B B.death


临死时的歌唱作一个对比,因此选 death。 16.A.view C.choose B.recognize D.describe

答案: A “我”不知道我要离开的朋友们是否把他们的离开视为 一首“天鹅之歌”。 意为“把??视为,以??看待”,符 合语境。 17.A.discouraged C.inspired B.warned D.amused

答案:C 他们用来拥抱残酷事实的这种淡定和大度,感动和激 励着我们。inspire 意为“激励”,符合语境。 18.A.celebrated C.resisted B.witnessed D.survived

答案:D 根据上下文可知,此处应用 survived,表示“艰难度 过,幸存”,即“Lee 见到过也经历过许多次解雇”。 19.A.made up C.picked up 答案:B B.summed up D.speeded up

Lee 为我们做了很好的总结。sum up 意为“总结”,

符合上下文语境。 20.A.disagreement C.admiration B.indifference D.approval

答案:D 由上文可知,这位老同事说的话与“我”父亲说的话 是一样的,因此此处表示“‘我’知道父亲一定正在某处微笑着赞 同”,因此选 D。


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