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2017高考英语完形填空解题技巧解析(重要)


2017 年高考英语完形填空解题技巧
完形填空题型有着极为深远的理论背景。在 19 世纪物理学重大发现“场理论”的启发下,德国心理学家 柯勒等人提出了“格式塔心理学”,强调人类认知过程中的宏观性和整体性。1953 年,美国语言学家 Wilson Taylor 基于上述理论,首次提出完形填空这种题型,旨在测试考生利用已知信息恢复不完整语言材料的自然 倾向强度,进而考查考生的语言能力。 作为选拔性考试,高考必须具有较高信度、效度和必要的区分度以及一定的难度。完形填空的重点在于 综合考查考生的词汇和语法等基础知识以及阅读和写作等语言运用能力, 正好满足了高考的需求。 自从 1987 年首次出现在高考英语试卷中以来, 完形填空题型历来都属于高考英语中能力要求最高、 试题难度最大的一 类题型。 研究历年的各套高考完形填空题, 可以从具体的题目之中看出该题型中若干对我们解题非常有帮助的共 同特点: 一、 从所选文章的角度

体裁上,以叙为主,叙议结合。高考完形填空题的选材多为具有一定故事情节的记叙文或是叙议结合、 以叙为主、富有哲理的论说文,这是和高考考生的语言水平紧密结合的。高考是各级各类英语测试中相对较 简单的一种,因而采取了常见体裁中较简单的记叙文作为题目载体。因此,短文一般按照时间线索行文,内 部逻辑清晰层次分明。 题材上, 选用真实世界中的语言材料, 考查考生使用语言进行信息获取和社会交际的能力, 对心理问题、 校园生活、奇闻轶事等热点话题继续关注,并兼顾高考的公平性原则,不涉及特定地域或人群色彩较浓的不 具有一般性的话题。 难度上,基本与现行高三教材相当。字数上,完形填空短文词数在 240——320 之间。 二、 从所挖空格的角度

首先,该题型所选短文一般无标题,但首句通常不设空,目的是让考生熟悉语言环境,迅速进入主题, 对文章有宏观和整体性的把握,建立正确的思维导向。正文中通常挖去 20 个词(组) ,平均每 14 词挖一个 空格,通常不会出现两个空格前后相连或同一句子挖空超过三个的情况。 其次,挖去的词汇以实词为主,虚词为辅。语言分为形式和内容两方面,而完形填空题多重视考查语 言的内容,这是与承载具体信息的实词紧密相关的。在高考对具体语法规则不断淡化的趋势下,常与语言 形式即具体语法条目相关的虚词数量不断下降,目前仅在 3 个空格左右。 最后,具体挖空的时候遵循“重复原则”,即挖去的词通常都在保留的上下文中给出解题的线索。并且, 某特定空格的解题线索多不在本空格所在的句子,或上一句或下一句,或上几句或下几句,所以我们在考场

上应逾越空格所在的单句,结合更宏观的上下文来解题。 三、 从所拟选项的角度

同一空格所对应的四个选项一般是同一词性, 或在句子中充当同样的语法成分, 这个拟选项时所应遵循 的最基本的原则。 在完形填空题中, 具体的语法规则不再是考查重点, 更强调的是辨别词语之间的细微差异, 考查考生对上下文的理解,要求考生通过具体的语言环境来做出选择。所以,所拟出的四个选项往往在语 法方面都能成立,错误选项多半可以和空前、空后的文字形成某种考生非常熟悉的固定搭配,具有很强的干 扰和迷惑作用。针对这种情况,考生们在解题过程中就更要紧抓文章主线,站在语篇的高度综合处理各选项 的取舍。

完型填空题是集词语辨析、词的用法以及搭配、语法、单句理解、语篇理解的考查为一体的综合题, 不但要求同学们具有扎实的基础知识,而且还要求必须具备较强的分析理解、逻辑推断能力及语感。该题型 在历届高考试题中起着重要的作用,通常从一篇词数 250 左右、难度略低于教材上课文的文章中设空格 20 个。具体来说,由于短文被挖去一些词,造成信息的中断,同学们做题时,必然会出现思维断层现象。如果 不掌握正确的解题思路及步骤,并通过适当的训练的话,同学们面对此题时就会束手无策,久而久之就会对 完形填空产生厌烦、恐惧心理,更不利于能力的提高,不利于临场发挥。 一、解题方法 1、通览全文,了解大意 由于完型填空试题主要测试同学们在语篇层面上综合运用语言的能力,在解答试题的之前应快速阅读全 文,抓住文章的主题,搞清作者的思路及上下文的逻辑关系。一般说来,通读的关键是弄清第一句(往往点 明主题,且是没留空白的完整句)和最后一句(往往总结、概括全文)。另外,在浏览时全文的时候,要重点了 解文中所叙述的人物、时间、地点、事件,即 who,when,where,what。例如有篇文章的第一句话为:Why is a space left between the rails of a railway line where one piece joins the next?这句话从铁轨之间的缝隙引出 了问题。根据常识,就会很快的知道文中的内容应与热胀冷缩的物理现象有关。 2、快速反应,初做答案 找到文章的突破口之后,就要趁着思路清晰时,快速做出反应,一鼓作气将文中所有能填的空填起来, 不因某试题暂时给不了答案的题停留太久。做题以了解文章的大意为前提,如遇个别难题,可以暂时跳过去 或初拟一个答案;如果停滞不前,不但会打断思路、造成时间上和心理上的紧张,而且往往无济于事。 在填每个空格时,注意分析选项所在的上下文,弄清上下文间的逻辑关系,注意空格前后的词,看是否能 与某一选项构成固定搭配。从各个角度考虑,初步做出每个小题的答案。 3、再次查读,攻克难关

初选过后,可能还会留下一些空档,此时,再重读文章,从语义和逻辑的角度审视全文,看其是否通顺流 畅、条理清晰、符合逻辑。与此同时,将未填的空档全部补齐。由于选答案时讲求一气呵成,初选过后还应 根据上下文对有疑问或把握不准的答案进行推敲。在具体的操作中应注意以下的问题: 1)看清上下文,找准定位词 充分利用文章的上下文和前后句, 找到对选择有提示作用的词或句。 这些词有时可能是同义词或反义词。 例如: 1. Some parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is very ______ A. deep B. high C. cold D. dangerous

2. Mrs. O?Neill asked_________ questions and she didn?t scold us either. A. no B. certain C. many D. more

2)通顺逻辑,寻求搭配 注意固定的搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据 内容选择正确的短语。例如: Here?s a fellow who just walked into a bank and helped himself_______ so much money. A. for B. by C. to D. of

3)扎实基础,搞清辨异 在此类试题的命制上,往往是以同类的词为主,我们不需要去进行具体的辨析,但是我们也要根据文章 的意思来进行推断。如: Soon I heard a________ like that of a door burst in and then a climb of feet. A. sound B. cry C. voice D. shout

When the papers were __________ she discovered that twelve boys had made exactly… A. examined B. completed C. marked D. answered

4)看清执行者,确定所选词 And video cameras can be used to_____people?s actions at home. A. keep B. make C. record D. watch

5)寻求上下逻辑,从容确定关系 It has been many years since I was last in London________ still remember something that happened during that visit. A. and B. for C. but D. as

6)了解生活常识,确定相关知识

(Immediately ) the officers jumped into their cars and rushed to the_____hospital. A. animal B. biggest C. plant D. nearest

完型填空解题技巧:巧用线索法 所谓线索法,指的是根据文章上下文所提供的故事背景和语境线索进行推理和判断,从而确定最佳答案。具 体说来有以下几种行之有效的方法。 1.巧用语意转折线索解题 有些句子含有表示转折或对比的连词、 副词或副词短语, 如 but, though, although, instead, however, on the contrary, otherwise 等,我们可利用这些暗示来解决问题。有时也可能没有这些词语的出现。如: A formal letter is very different from an informal letter. Formal letters ___1___ to businesses, schools or government offices. ___2___ letters are for relatives, or former(以前的) teachers. You may write an informal letter by hand, but you should ___3___ a formal letter. 1. A. send 2. A. Informal 3. A. copy 2.巧用因果关系线索解题 即根据上下文的因果关系进行推断,从而得出所需答案。如: It was a strange noise that made the man ___1___ his car soon after he left a village ___2___ London. He got out of his car and ___3___ the wheels(车轮) carefully, but as he found nothing ___4___ he continued his way. 1. A. start 2. A. to 3. A. repaired 4. A. wrong B. stop B. for B. examined B. danger C. slow C. from C. cleaned D. looked C. interesting D. matter D. speed D. of B. are written B. Formal B. type C. write C. Business C. write D. are dropped D. Relative D. share

3.巧用具体示例线索解题 即根据文章中所提供的具体实例进行分析, 将与具体示例有关的信息进行优选, 将与具体示例无关的信 息进行排除,从而便可得出所需答案。如: Every student must wear their ___1___ when they are at school. There are ___2___ items of uniforms: suits, dresses, shorts, skirts and T-shirts. There are also Wasley schoolbags, caps and socks. 1. A. long hair 2. A. much B. thick glasses C. sports shoes D. school uniforms B. three C. many D. a lot

4.巧用同义反义线索解题 Though he is serious in appearance, he never fails to be interesting. Often he is clever, sometimes even ______ and gay… A. worried B. bright C. discouraging D. friendly As it turned out, my little publication went on to become Student, a national magazine for young people in the U.K. My wife and I have two children, and I?d like to think we are bringing them up in the same way Dad ______ me.

A. controlled

B. comforted

C. reminded

D. raised

即根据文章所提供的内容,同时结合一定的生活常识,对所推断的内容进行逻辑推理和逻辑顺序。如: I went to Wasley College with Winnic today. Wasley is a large, old ___1___. It has three branch campuses (分 校) : Clunes, Glen Waverly and Elasterwick. It has a primary school, a ___2___ school and a senior school. So there are twelve grades of ___3___ studying there. 1. A. school 2. A. night 3. A. workers 6. 巧用语篇标志线索解题 语篇一般指比单个句子长的语言单位,如句群、段落、篇章等。语篇与语篇之间往往有表明其内在联系 的词语,这些词语可称为语篇标志。如:表示结果层次的语篇标志语有 firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally 等; 表示逻辑关系的有 thus, therefore, so 等; 表示改变话题的有 by the way 等; 表示时间关系的有 before, so far, yet, now, later 等。在做完形填空题时,如果能充分利用这些语篇标志语,就可以迅速理清文章 的脉络,弄清上下文的关系。如: B. factory B. junior B. boys C. movie C. high C. students D. hospital D. spare-time D. teachers

First of all, I respected his devotion to teaching…______, I admired the fact that he would talk to students outside the classroom or talk…Finally, I was attracted by his lively sense of humor. (全国卷) A. Later B. Secondly C. However D. Therefore

7. 巧用结构对比线索解题 在做完形填空题时,有时会遇到两个结构十分相似的句子,此时同学们应认真比较其结构特点,或根据 其相似性推断空格处所填之词, 或根据文章的上下文语境判断两个 (或几个) 相似结构之间的逻辑关系。 如: I realized strength and courage aren?t always measured in medals and victories, but in the struggles we overcome(战胜) 。 The strongest people are not always the people who win, ______ the people who don?t give up when they lose. A. or B. nor C. and D. but The correct water supply forecast is based more on the water from the ______ than from the below. (辽宁卷) A. clouds B. sky C. air D. above

8. 巧用语境暗示线索解题 有的空格根据所在句的句意或附近上下文的语境我们无法作出正确的选择, 要想作出正确判断, 同学们 应特别注意空格前后所出现的相关词语,尤其注意找出其中重复出现的暗示性词语。如: Four students from Burlington College of Higher Education are in the bell tower of the ______ have made up their minds to ring the bells nonstop for two weeks as a protest (抗议) against heavy trucks which run day and night through the narrow High Street. (全国卷) A. college B. village C. town D. church

But then again, would there be a chair in Room 316? Or would it be a(n) ______ room? A. small B. empty C. new D. neat

精讲精练一 When Sir Winston Churchill, the great British Prime Minister, reached his eightieth birthday in November, 1954, he was presented with his portrait by a well-known modem artist, Graham Sutherland.The painting had been ordered and paid for to 1 the Grand Old Man of World WarⅡ. 2 of respect and affection. 3 of them, of 4 , which I am

Sir Winston and Lady Churchill were deeply moved by this not!” protested Churchill in private(私下).

course, allowed the others to see how much they both disliked the portrait. “It makes me look

5 , he only remarked that it was fine example of modern art. His 6 modern art. 7 . Churchill died at ninety in

friends smiled.It was known that Churchill didn't

Churchill was so unhappy about the portrait that finally his wife had it 1965.Land Churchill 9 8

him in 1977.Shortly after her death, the public learned what had happened to the 10 sad. The artist community, shocked and 11 ,

, and a heated argument broke out. The painter was

said that the destruction of the picture had been a crime (罪行). Historians said that they regretted the disappearance of a(n) didn't have the 13 to do what they had done. 14 him “as he saw him”. Churchill never had a 17 he 15 since the painter 18 16 to show it to him. He found out only Graham Sutherland had told Churchill that he would chance to see the work in was naturally 19 . received his present that Sutherland had seen him 12 document. All agreed that Churchill

a heavy, sick, tired old man. Since he hated old age, he

Who has the right to a work of art, the owner, the donor, or the artist who created it? Was the portrait a good one, as many(including the painter) said? Or was it bad as others thought? None of these questions have been answered yet to everybody?s 1. A.give 2. A.mark 3. A.Neither 4. A.wise 20 . B.regard B.piece B.Both B.gentle C.paint C.prize C.Either C.stupid C.Straight C.turn down C.destroyed C.followed C.woman D.honour D.trade D.All D.happy D.Publicly D.make up D.returned D.buried D.artist

5. A.Fortunately B.Obviously 6. A.care for 7. A.hidden 8. A.mourned 9. A.painting B.look like B.hung B.missed B.man

10.A.understandably B.unexpectedly 11.A.afraid 12.A.interesting 13.A.chance 14.A.help B.regretful B.colorful B.right B.obey

C.unreasonably D.unthinkingly C.curious C.expensive C.power C.paint D.angry D.historical D.courage D.show

15.A.progress 16.A.agreed 17.A.until 18.A.as 19.A.moved 20.A.surprise

B.place B.promised B.when B.to B.worried B.disappointment

C.need C.refused C.before C.about C.tired C.delight

D.sight D.hated D.though D.for D.hurt D.satisfaction

参考答案及解析 1—5 DAACD 6—10 ACCAA 11—15 DDBCA 16—20 CBADD 1.选 D。人们给他画像是为了向这位二战巨人表示敬意。 2.选 A。trade 表“交易”,此处用 mark 表示“标记”,与 sign 同一含义,如 a mark of esteem"表示敬意”。 3.选 A。从句子含义可知选 A。夫妇俩谁也没有让别人看出他们的真实心理状态一一他们不喜欢这幅画。 4.选 C。四个选项只有 C 才能构成让人不喜欢的原因。 5.选 D。这种不满只是在私下说的,在公开场合还是赞美它。 6.选 A。不喜欢现代艺术,上一句已经委婉表达了他的感受。 7.选 C。他妻子把这幅画“毁了”而不“藏起来,还回去”,所以后来引发了下文人们的议论。 8.选 C。邱吉尔夫人十二年之后也随他仙逝,下文说“她死后没多久”。 9.选 A。人们此时得知那幅画的归宿。 10.选 A。understandably 在此时指画家此时感到伤心,这是“可以(被人)理解地”。 11.选 D。与 shocked(震惊)一样的强烈情绪是 angry。 12.选 D。这句话是历史学家(Historians)说的,因此是考虑其作为“历史文献”的价值。 13.选 B。大家一致认为邱吉尔夫妇没权利这么做。 14.选 C。这是这位画家说的话,他会真实地描述自己眼中的邱吉尔。 15.选 A。从下文可知,直到肖像画好之后邱吉尔才看见这幅画,因此选 progress “进展中的作品”。 16.选 C。画家在画的过程中不让他看,这一点下文有提示。 17.选 B。直到收到这幅画后才看见画像中的人是什么样子。 18.选 A。see…as 表示“把……视为”,用 as 引出画家眼里的形象。 19.选 D。他憎恨年迈,看见画中自己的模样,自然会觉得受到伤害。 20.选 D。对这些问题,还没有一个使人人满意的回答。

精讲精练二 It was already late when we set out for the next town, away on the other side of the There we felt luckily we met 3 2 . 4 the night. Darkness fell soon after we left the village, but 6 the hills. As we climbed 7 , that we would find a bed 1 according to the map was about fifteen miles

5 as we drove fast along the narrow winding road that

it became colder and rain began to fall, drive more 9 .

8

it difficult at times to see the road.I asked John, my companion, to 10 on the

After we had travelled for about twenty miles, there was still no sign of the town which was map. We were beginning to get 11 . Then without warning the car stopped.A quick

12 showed that we

had run out of petrol(汽油). Although we had little food with us, we decided to Our meal was soon over. I tried to go to sleep at once, car after a few minutes and went for a walk seen, in the valley below, the 16 14 John, who was a

13 the night in the car. 15 sleeper, got out of the

the hills. Soon he came back. From the top of the hill he had

17 of the town we were looking for. We at once unloaded (卸) all our luggage (行

李)and with a great effort(努力), 18 to push the car to the top of the hill. Then we went back to the luggage, loaded the car again and set off down the hill. we found a 1. A.which 2. A.rivers 3. A.surprised 4. A.at 5. A.everybody 6. A.got to 7. A.taller 8. A.getting 9. A.certainly 10.A.marked 11.A.excited 12.A.attention 13.A.spend 14.A.since 15.A.quick 16.A.across 17.A.lights 18.A.ought 19.A.For 20 A.policeman 20 quite easily. B.it B.hills B.afraid B.in B.somebody B.arrived B.higher B.thinking B.carefully B.set B.worried B.operation B.live B.though B.fast B.through B.map B.tried B.In B.friend C.where C.towns C.pleased C.through C.nobody C.led to C.lower C.causing C.slowly C.built C.cold D.that D.villages D.sure D.for D.anybody D.belonged to D.faster D.making D.surely D.drawn D.warm 19 less than a quarter of an hour we were in the town, where

C.examination D.information C.spare C.so C.poor C.down C.bus C.succeeded C.Since C.hotel D.stay D.but D.heavy D.up D.situation D.managed D.At D.cinema

参考答案及解析 1—5 ABDDC 6—10 CBDCA 11—15 BCADC 16—20 DADBC

1.选 A。分析句子结构可知,后面是一个非限制性定语从句,关系代词应用 which。

2.选 B。从下文可知,下一个小镇应在“山”的那一边。 3.选 D。天已经很迟了,还出发朝下一个小镇赶,这说明他们“坚信”在那儿能找到住宿的地方。 4.选 D。for the night“过夜”,for 表示“为了”。 5.选 C。在一个漆黑的夜晚,在那弯曲狭窄的路上,应该说行车是不走运的,但途中未遇一个行人,就这 一点来说还算“幸运”。 6.选 C。lead to 意思为“通向”。 7.选 B。从下文可知,他们的车子是逐渐向山上爬行的,当油用完时,车子已接近山顶。以致 John 后来散 步时不知不觉中就到了山顶。 8.选 D。从词的用法角度可知要用 making。 9.选 C。由于看不清路面,所以让同伴开慢些。 10.选 A。依据常识可知,城镇是“标”在地图上的。 11.选 B。开了二十里,仍不见小镇,不免开始“忧虑”起来。 12.选 C。简单“检查”发现油没了,另三项表述不清。 13.选 A。 spend the night 意为“度过夜晚”。 14.选 D。填转折连词 but。 15.选 C。从 got out of the car 看,John 不是一个容易睡着的人。 16.选 D。从 From the top of the hill 可推知,他从车里出来以后是向山顶上走的。 17.选 A。根据常识判断。 18.选 D。ought to (应该)不合语境,succeed 后不接 to do 故应排除,manage 和 try 均表示“设法”,但有 细微差别,前者表示设法做成了某事,后者则不一定成功。故本题答案应为 D。 19.选 B。 “在不到一刻钟时间内我们就到了镇上”。 20.选 C。从第二段后句子可以推知,他们赶赴那个小镇的目的是为了住宿,所以在到达目的地后很快找到 的应是旅馆(hotel) 。

精讲精练三 People do not analyze every problem they meet. Sometimes they try to remember a solution, from the last time they had a without 6 2 1 problem. They often accept the opinions or ideas of other people. Other times they begin to act , they try to find a solution by trial or error. 5 3 , when all of these methods 4 , the person in analyzing a problem.

with a problem has to start analyzing. There are six ride it to class as he usually does. Sam must work. For example, he must 8 7

the person must recognize that these is a problem. For example, Sam's bicycle is broken, and he cannot that there is a problem with the bicycle.

Next, the person must find the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must know why it does not the parts that are wrong. 9 that will make the problem clearer and lead to 10 solutions. For Now the person must look for

example, suppose Sam decides that his bicycle does not work because there is something wrong with the brakes.

11

, he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about brakes, talk to his friends at the bike shop, or look at his After 12 the problem, the person should have 13 suggestions for a possible solution. Take Sam as 16 idea comes quite

brakes carefully. an example 17 14 , his suggestions might be: tighten or loosen the brakes; buy new brakes and change old ones. seems to be the solution to the problem. Sometimes the

In the end, one 15

because the thinker suddenly sees something new or sees something in a different way. Sam, for example, hits on the solution to his

suddenly sees there is a piece of chewing gum (口香糖) stuck to a brake. He 18 problem: he must problem. 1. A.serious 2. A.Besides 4. A.fail 5. A.ways 6. A.First 7. A.explain 8. A.checkable 9. A.answers 10.A.possible B.usual B.Instead B.work B.conditions B.Usually B.prove B.determine B.skills B.exact C.similar C.Otherwise C.change C.stages C.In general C.show C.correct C.explanation C.real D.common D.However D.develop D.orders D.Most importantly D.see D.recover D.information D.special 19 the brake. Finally the solution is

20 . Sam does it and finds his bicycle works perfectly. In short he has solved the

11.A.In other words B.Once in a while C.First of all D.At this time 12.A.discussing 13.A.extra 14.A.secondly 15.A.suggestion 16.A.next B.settling down C.comparing with D.studying B.enough B.again B.conclusion B.clear C.several C.also C.decision C.final C.clearly C.clearly C.loosen C.tested D.countless D.alone D.discovery D.new D.often D.immediately D.remove D.accepted

17.A.unexpectedly B.late 18.A.fortunately B.easily 19.A.clean 20.A.recorded B.separate B.completed

参考答案及解析 1—5 CBDAC 6—10 ADBDA 11—15 DDCBA 16—20 CADAC

1.C。从相似的问题上找解决新问题的办法。 2.B。without thinking 意为不假思索,可根据 by trial error 判断。 3.D。表转折。 4.A。只有所有的方法失败了,才会开始 analyze(分析问题)。

5.C。根据下文可知,人们的分析可分 6 个阶段或步骤。 6.A。可根据下文的 next,after,in the end.阶段或步骤。 . 7.D。see 此处有 understand 之意,Sam 明白自行车有问题了。 8.B。第二步要找出问题所在,所以选 determine,它是测定、找出的意思,与 find out 意思相同。 9.D。 根据下文 Sam 所做的事情可知,要了解问题的有关情况才能修理,所以选 information。 10.A。 自己去解决问题,首先得到尝试、摸索,才能真正完成,所以 possible 合适,强调只是可能有效的 方法。 11.D。 此时,这里不存在先后、转折、并列等含义,只需说明在这个阶段,Sam 该做的事情。 12.D。 刚才那个阶段,Sam 所做的事情是一些调查研究寻找方法的工作,study 有研究之意。 13.C。A 项额外的,B 项足够,D 项不计其数的。这里需要的是几个不太确定的、可能的解决方法,所以 C 最合适。? 14.B。 再次以 Sam 为例。 15.A。 从上文中的 several suggestions 可知。 16.C。 从下文的事例中发现答案。 17.A。 由于发现了新的情况或用了不同方法去思考,会出现意想不到的结果。 18.D。 看见口香糖、他当即发现问题所在。 19.A。 有口香糖,清洗工作是必然的。 20.C。 方法被尝试。 [双向细目表] 词法 重点词汇:take … for example.

精讲精练四 The Voice of America began during the World WarⅡ. When Germany was broadcasting a radio program to get international 1 , American officials believed they should 2 the German broadcast with words that they 3 . “The 4 may 5 were broadcasting in Italian, the Soviet thought were the facts of world events. The first VOA news report began with words in be good or bad, but we shall tell you the truth.” Within a week, other VOA French and English. After the World WarⅡended in 1945, some Americans felt VOA?s Union became enemy of America.They wanted to Russian. In the early years VOA began adding something new to its broadcast that was new idea came along in 1959.VOA knew that many listeners did not know understand its In the world 17 15 11 English broadcast. So VOA 14 12 16 words and is spoken of course, it is special English. program is the news report. News from around the 18 20 news reports, 9 10 “ Music USA”. Another English to completely 13 uses about 1,500 8 6 had to be changed, 7 Soviet listeners. Then VOA began broadcasting in

a simpler kind of English,

of most VOA listeners, the most 19

into the VOA news rooms in Washington 24 hours a day. It comes from VOA reporters in like BBC. VOA writers and editors use these materials to

cities and also from other

which are being broadcast in 43 languages. 1. A.business 2. A.reply 3. A.same 4. A.news 5. A.stations 6. A.home 7. A.if 8. A.reach 9. A.known 10.A.American 11.A.normal 12.A.invented 13.A.it 14.A.slowly 15.A.pleasure 16.A.difficult 17.A.flies 18.A.all 19.A.broadcasts 20.A.broadcast B.culture B.answer B.short B.problems B.news B.position B.supposing B.satisfy B.reported B.British B.fast B.discovered B.who B.rapidly B.course B.important B.sends B.major B.forms B.announce C.support C.join C.English C.effects C.announcers C.purpose C.considering C.attack C.called C.standard C.good C.taught C.which C.normally C.opinion C.various C.delivers C.American C.newspapers C.translate D.information D.interrupt D.German D.opinions D.officials D.results D.in order that D.support D.printed D.enough D.exact D.stopped D.that D.loudly D.advice D.common D.pasts D.news D.countries D.prepare

参考答案及解析 1—5 CBDAC 6—10 CCACD 11—15 AACAC 16—20 BABAD

1.选 C。二战期间,德国做广播节目的初衷应是呼吁国际“支持(support)”,而不可能是另三项。 2.选 B。由 with words 可以想到 answer。reply 后接宾语时要加 to。 3.选 D。要回复德国电台,得用“德文”来播,这样德国人能听懂。 4.选 A。前文已说了播出的是 news report。 5.选 C。播音的主体当然是 announcers(播音员)了。 6.选 C。VOA 电台成立之初的目标主要是对二战中的一些敌对国家进行宣传,随着二战结束,敌对国家有 所改变,那么广播的目的与对象的也应随之而改变。 7.选 C。considering“考虑到……”,表示改变广播目的背景。 8.选 A。reach 是中性词,其他三词要么是褒义,要么是贬义,在此不合语境。 9.选 C。be called “被称做…”。 10.选 D。对英语不是很精通才导致不能完全听懂英文广播的。

11.选 A。区别于后文提到的 special English。 12.选 A。原来没有的东西,现在有了,故用 invent。 13.选 C。引导非限制性定语从句,指物。 14.选 A。正常英语听不懂,除了词汇问题,更重要的还有语速问题,即速度要“慢”。 15.选 C。后面叙述的就是看法、观点。 16.选 B。后面的内容体现了新闻报道的重要性。 17.选 A。flies 表达了新闻的及时、快速的特点,其余的词没有这种意思。 18.选 B。major cities 指大城市。根据常识可排除 A、D,根据 around the world,可排除 C。 19.选 A。由 like 可知,所选词须与 BBC 同类。 20.选 D。由后面的定语从句可以推知,这里指新闻报道的前期“准备”工作。 [双向细目表] 词法 重点词汇: considering; be called; invent.


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