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语法过去分词作定语和表语


The Past Participle 过去分词

?

New Iphone was released in this early morning

写出下列动词的过去分词

规则动词 print
pollute printed

不规则动词 build
hurt

built hurt
written

polluted
terrified

terrify

write

写出下列动词的过去分词

规则动词 close
use closed used

不规则动词 break
fall

broken fallen
drunk

develop

drink developed

翻译下列短语
?a

broken glass 一只碎了的玻璃杯 ? a polluted river 一条(被)污染了的河流 ? terrified people 受惊吓的人们 ? a fallen tree 一棵倒下了的树
总结:单个过去分词做定语放在名词前面, 表被动或完成。

句子翻译 1 This is one of the houses built last year. 这是一所去年被建的房子。 2 Most of the guests invited to the party were her classmates. 大多数被邀请来聚会的客人是她的同学。 总结:过去分词短语做定语,通常放在 被修饰词的后面,表被动或完成。

巩固练习
The book written by a farmer is…. ? 2. The building built last year ? 3.The problem discussed in the meeting yesterday ? 4.The window broken by that naughty boy ? 5.The children examined in the hospital
? 1.

? 6.The

people exposed to the sunlight ? 7.The boy punished severely by teacher ? 8.The waster delivered to his home ? 9. the English spoken 300 years ago ? 10.the artist invited to the party ? 11. the students inspired by teacher

三.过去分词语法功能 过去分词作定语时,其功能相当于一个 定语从句。
? ?

1.The stolen bike belongs to Jack. The bike which was stolen belongs to Jack. 2.The lecture given by Professor Zhang is about environment protection. The lecture which was given by Professor Zhang is about the environment protection.

? ?

试一试改成定语从句
1. The broken window made the house very ugly. ? The window which was broken made the …. ? 2. Do you know all the artists invited to the party? ? Do you know all the aritists who were invited to…….
?

拓展done, to be done, being done 的区别
他们都可以作定语表示被动,但时间含义 上有所不同。 ? done表被动的动作已经完成,to be done 表被动的动作将要发生,being done表被 动的动作正在进行 ? His book printed last year sells well ? His book to be printed next year will be his best one ? His book being printed now is about his recent research.
?

过去分词作表语
1. He is interested in the book. ? 2. I feel disappointed with the result of the test. ? 3. My brother became satisfied with the result of the completion. ? 总结:过去分词可用在be, seem, feel, get, become, remain等______ 系 动词后作 表语,用来说明主语的状态,性质等。
?

其作用相当于adj.,

(surprise) The mother became surprised.

look

sound
smell

taste Feel/ touch

常见做表语的过去分词

pleased disappointed

satisfied

scared

bored
annoyed

2 过去分词与现在分词做表语的区别 ing作表语与-ed作表语有何区别? ?The result of the test is disappointing. ? I feel disappointed with the result of the test. The story is very interesting He is interested in the book. What a surprising result ! I am surprised at what he said.

过去分词-ed “某人感到~~的” 多形容人

现在分词 -ing “令人~~的”, 多形容物,

interested excited satisfied puzzled pleased terrified tired astonished disappointed

interesting exciting satisfying puzzling pleasing terrifying tiring astonishing disappointing

p88句子翻译
1. many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak. 每次(霍乱)爆发的时候,许多受到惊吓 的人死了。 2 Polluted air and water are harmful to people’s health

受到污染的水对人体有害。

练习巩固
1.in an embarrassing situation ? 令人尴尬的状况 ? 2.locked ? 3.injured ? 4.amazed ? 5.writing ? 6.dressed ? 7.writing
?

8. remain seated ? 9. get paid ? 10.to be held next week ? 11. moving moved ? 12. unlocked ? 13. was informed 被告知 ? 14. saying (Ving表伴随 主动) ? 15. the part to blame 受责备的部分
?

单个过去分词做定语放在名词前面, 过去分词短语做定语放在名词后面。 1. I found this broken plate on the floor 2.I saw a tall, dark and handsome man named Jim. 3. I visited that modern palace coloured in jewelry.

? 1.

called ? 2. until ? 3. an ? 4. severely ? 5. was taken ? 6.paid ? 7. Though/Although ? 8. were employed


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