【词条 1】view 【课文原句】We view film as a type of contemporary art. (Page 50, Lines 12-13) 【点拨】 view 在此句中作动词,意为"认为； 把……视 为"。 常与 as 连用构成:view sb. / sth. as sth.。又如: She is viewed as a strong candidate for the job. He views the whole thing as a joke. 【拓展】 (1) view 作动词还可以表示"观看；仔细察看"的意思。例如: How do you view the current situation? Several possible buyers have come to view the house. (2) view 还可以用作名词, 意为"视野；景色,风景；看法,见解"等。例如: Walk straight along the road, the lake will soon come into view. There are splendid views of the surrounding countryside in my hometown. What is your view on school punishment? (3) view 作名词时的常见短语:a point of view 观点；着眼点；at first view 初看；乍 一见；in view 在视野中；in view of sth. 鉴于；由于。例如: I wanted to talk with someone, but there was nobody in view. In view of the weather, the event will now be held indoors. 【词条 2】reward 【课文原句】At the Academy Awards, the focus is on rewarding American films of the top rank. (Page 53) 【点拨】reward 在此句中作动词,意为"奖赏,奖励"。例如:He was rewarded with a prize for his excellent work. How can I reward the child’s good behaviour? 【拓展】 (1) reward 还可以作名词,意为"奖励；回报,报酬"。例如: He was given a medal as a reward for his service. He worked hard without any hope of rew ard. She offered a reward of $2,000 for information about her missing son. (2) 辨析:reward 与 award reward 主要 指因为工作出色或给人帮忙而获得 的"报答,报酬"； award 主要指参 加比赛或官方决定给予的"奖品,奖赏,奖励",通常用作奖项等,如 Oscar Awards。例如: It was widely accepted that young babies learn to do things because certain acts lead to rewards. The winner was presented an award for his great contributions to his company. 【词条 3】attain 【课文原句】It gives me great satisfaction that my uncle is finally realising his dream and attain ing success. (Page 57) 【点拨】attain 在此句中作动词,意为"获得,取得"。例如:
Mr. Jones attains the position of minister. I’m determined to attain my purpose at any cost. 【拓展】attain 作动词,还可以表示"达到(某年龄、水平、状况)"。例如: We attained the peak toward noo n. This kind of animal can attain speeds of up to 90 kph.
【短语 1】in defence of 【课文原句】Kathy, I hate to interrupt you, but in defence of the Venice Film Festival, I have to point out that we don’t just feature Hollywood films.(Page 50, Lines 19-20) 【点拨】in defence of 在此句中意为"为……辩护"。例如: I must say in defence of her that she works very hard. Mr. Green stood up in defence of the 16-year-old boy, saying that he was not the one to blame. 【拓展】 (1) in defence of 还可表示"防御,保卫"。例如:The French soldiers were in defence of the city of Quebec along the river. (2) 和 in defence of 结构相似的短语: in case of 万一；in need of 需要；in favour of 支持；in honour of 纪念； in search of 寻找；in celebration of 庆祝。 【短语 2】as long as 【课文原句】As long as the film’s quality meets our standards, we include it. (Page 50, Lines 22-23) 【点拨】as long as 在此句中意为"只要",连接条件状语从句,与 so long as 同义。例如:You may use the room as you like, as long as you clean it after ward. You can borrow the book as long as you keep it clean. You can go where you like so long as you get back before dark. 【拓展】 (1) as long as 还可表示"既然,由于；就……来说"。例如:As long as we have gone so far, we might as well go on. (2) as long as 短语的本义为"与……一样长(久)",用于强调时间段。例如: He lived abroad as long as five yea rs. He didn’t stay there as long as she did.
强调(I) 在说话或写文章时,我们有时候 要突出或强调某个词、短语或句子,这时就需要使 用强调结构。在本期,我们将主要讲解借用某些词或短语来加强语气的强调和由强调词"it" 引导的强调句型。 ●一、在英语中,我们常用一些形容词、副词、否定词、助动词 do, does 或 did 及一些短语 等来加强语气,如 so, such, really, just, still, very, can’t even, on earth, in the world 等。例如: I really hope to have the chance to study abroad.
The last thing that a lazy student wishes is examination. At that very moment the policemen came. I can’t even remember the name of this person. Do come early. I did inform him of the meeting yesterday. Where in the world did you go just now? ●二、强调句型 1. 强调句的基本结构是 It is / was... that / who...,被强调部分(通常是句子的主语、 状语、 宾语或宾语补足语)放在 that 之前,其他部分在 that 之后。 强调句子的主语且主语是 人时可以用 who 也可以用 that, 其他情况一律用 that。 当强调主语时 that 或 who 后面的谓 语动词要与主语的人称和数保持一致。例如: It is he who / that often helps me with my English. It is trees that we plant on the hillside every year. 强调句型可以对除谓语以外的不同成分进行强调。例如: It was he who / that helped an old blind man in the park yesterday. (强调主语)It was an old blind man that / who he helped in the park yesterday. (强调宾语)It was in the park that he helped an old blind man yesterday. (强调地点状语)It was yesterday that he helped an old blind man in the park. (强调时 间状语) 状语从句被强调时同样放在 It is / was ... that 之间。例如:It was where there had been a theatre that they built a new modern school. 2. 主语从句+ be +被强调部分,主语从句常用 what 引导。例如: John wants a computer. →What John wants is a computer. Mary gives English lessons every day. →What Mary does every da y is (to) give English lessons.