Unit 3 Life in the future 基础·知能·回扣
I.核心词汇 1._______(adj.)在前的；早先的 2._______（n． ）指导；向导；导游(vt．)指引；指导 3．_______(n.)周围的事物；环境（adj． ）周围的 4.________(vt.)容忍；忍受 5._________（vi.&vt． ）缺乏；没有(n.)缺乏；短缺的东西 6．________(vt.)系牢；扎牢 7._______(n.)开关；转换(vt．)转换 8._________(n.)沙漠；荒原 9._______（adj.）贪吃的；贪婪的；贪心的 10．______（n． ）印象；感想；印记→________（v.）→______(adj) 11._________(adj.)时常发生的；连续不断的→________(adv.)不断地 12．________(n)调整；调节→_________(vt.) 13.______（vi.& vt． ）按；压；逼迫（n． ）按；压；印刷；新闻 →_____（n.）压力 14.______ (adj.)乐观（主义）的→_______（n． ）乐观主义 15. _______（n.）瞬间；片刻(adj．)立即的；立刻的→______(adv.) 16. _______（n.）代表；典型人物(adj．)典型的；有代表性的 →______（v． ） 17.________(n.)定居；解决→______（v.）→_________（n.）定居者 Ⅱ．高频短语 1．_________拿起；接受；开始；继续 2．________（困境后）恢复；完全复原 3．_______看不见?? 4．_______打扫；横扫 5．_______（快捷而悄声地）移动；溜进?? 6．______加速 7．_______结果 8．______与??相似 9．______向四面八方 10．_______带领某人参观 Ⅲ．重点句式 1．____________________,I was unsettled for the first few days.因为担心这次旅行，头几天我感到心绪不宁。 2.The air seemed thin, _______ its combination of gases had little oxygen left． 空气似乎很稀薄，好像在混合的气体中剩下的氧气很少。 3.__________by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. 由于缺乏新鲜空气，我感到头痛。 4.“Put on this mask,” he advised.” It’ll _______you ____much better.” 把这个面罩戴上， 他告诉我， ” “它会使你感觉好些。 ” 5. However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached _______looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions． 但是，当我们到达一个看上去像是大市场的地方时，由于车辆朝四面八方飞奔，我看不见王平了。 6. Arriving at a strange-looking house, he showed me into a______________ room． 来到一个形状奇怪的房子面前，他把我带到一个明亮而洁净的大房间。 I.1. previous 2.guide 3.surrounding 4.tolerate 5.lack 6.fasten 7.switch 8.desert 9.greedy 10.impression;impress;impressive1.constant; constantly 12.adjustment;adjust 13.press;pressure 14.optimistic;optimism 15.instant;instantly 16.representative;represent 17.settlement;settle;settler Ⅱ. 1. take up 2. be back on one's feet 3. lose sight of. .. 4. sweep up 5. slide into 6. speed up 7. as a result 8. be similar to. . . 9. in all directions 10. show sb. around. . . Ⅲ. 1. Worried about the journey 2. as though 3. Hit 4. make; feel 5. what 6.large bright clean
1．constant adj．不变的，稳定的；时常发生的，连续不断的 结合下列例句体会 constant 的不同含义： ①The birth rate in this city is almost constant.（不变的） ②He drove at a constant speed.（稳定的） ③Babies need constant attention.（不断的，时常的） 拓展 constantly adv.经常地；不断地 ④As l walked through the town, I was constantly reminded of my childhood. 当我步行穿过市镇时，见到的景象使我不断地回想起自己的童年。
辨析:Constant adj.不断的，经常的。强调始终如一地经常出现。 Continual adj．连续不断的，频繁的。表示时断时续地发生。 Continuous adj.不停的，连续不断的。强调中间不停顿。 即境活用选词填空 constant/ continual/continuous ①Our homes and offices need a______ supply of electricity.【continuous】 ②Everything in the universe is in______ motion.【constant】 ③That dog's barking is ____annoyance.【continual】 2. lack v.缺乏；没有 n.缺乏：短缺的东西 ①He's good at his job but he seems to lack confidence. 他擅长于自己的工作，但似乎缺乏信心。 ②The plants died through/for lack of water. 植物因缺水而枯死。 拓展: lack (for) sth. 缺少?? ( a)lack of.??方面的短缺 be lacking in sth. 缺少?? for/by/from/through lack of 因缺乏??，因没有??
③Lacking in experience, he lost the job. 他因缺乏经验而失去这项工作。 ④We can't walk any further for lack of strength. 我们因缺乏力气不能再走了。 ⑤We still lack the necessary information. 我们仍缺少必要的信息。 点津 1）尽管动词 lack 有及物动词形式，但通常不用于被动语态； 2)lack of 中的 lack 为名词；be lacking 表示的不是进行时态，而是实际上存在的情况。 即境活用 Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a ________of exercise. A. limit B. lack C. need D. demand 3．switch n.开关，电闸，转换 vt.转换，转变 ①There's a switch on the wall.墙上有一个开关。 ②l used to cook on electricity, but I've switched to gas. 我过去用电做饭，但现在已换成用煤气了。 拓展：switch on 接上；打开 switch to 变换到 switch off 切断；关掉 switch over 完全转变；转换 ③Tell the boy to switch off all the lights as he leaves the room. 告诉那个男孩在离开房间时关掉所有的灯。 ④Please switch me to the manager. 请帮我接通经理的电话。 助记:Lucy returned home from work early. After changing clothes, she switched off the light and came downstairs. Then she switched on the TV and switched over with boredom. 露茜早早下班回到家。换完衣服后，她关掉灯来到楼下，打开电视无聊地换着频道。 即境活用 Ladies and gentlemen, please switch ___your mobile phones! The plane is taking off. A. over B．on C．to D．off 4．take up 占有（时间／空间） ；继续；开始；接受；拿起 ①I'm sorry to have taken up so much of your time. 很抱歉占用了你这么多的时间。 ②I took up the work after a short rest. 稍微休息了一会儿之后，我又继续做那项工作。 ③I took up the hobby at the age of six. 我六岁就有那种爱好了。 拓展 take over 接管．控制，占据 take back 取回；把（某人）带回；把??退货；取消 take for 当作；误认为 take in 收留，收容（某人） ；包括；包含 take off 脱掉；模仿；起飞；成名 take on 雇用；聘用；开始呈现 ④I'm sorry. I take back what I said just now. 对不起，我收回刚才说过的话。 ⑤Hearing the good news, his face took on a new expression. 听到这个好肖息，他换了一种表情。 即境活用 My study of biology has ____much of my spare time, but it has given me a great deal of enjoyment. A. taken in B．taken down C．taken up D．taken away 5．lose sight of ?看不见? ①They stood by the sea till they lost sight of the ship.他们一直站在海边，直到看不见那艘船了。 ②At the sight of his mother, he cried with excitement. 一看到母亲，他激动地大哭起来。 ③I caught sight of her hurrying away but I didn't try to speak to her.我看见她匆忙走开，但我没想跟她讲话。 ④The train was soon out of sight. 那火车很快就看不见了。 归纳：at the sight of?. 在看到??时 catch sight of.? 望见，看到?
in／within sight 在视线内，可以被看见
in sight of.? 可以看见??
out of sight 看不见了，不被人看见
助记：I caught sight of the ship a few minutes ago, but after a while I lost sight of it. That is to say, at first the ship was in my sight, but after a while it was out of my sight.几分钟前，我看见了那艘船，但一会儿后我又看不到它了。也就是说，刚才 它还在我的视线内，但一会儿后就看不见它了。 即境活用 After having followed the thief for half an hour, they______ him in a large department store. A. lost the sight B .caught sight C. out of sight D. lost sight of 6．speed up 加快，加速 ①Time is running out. Can you speed up the process? 时间快要没有了，你们能加快进度吗？ ②We’ll be late unless we speed up. 我们如果不加快些，就会迟到了。 ③We must speed up the pace of our economic reform. 我们必须加快经济改革的步伐。 拓展：at high/low/full/top speed 以高／低／全／最高速 at a speed of.? 以??速度 with all speed 尽快地 reduce speed 减速 pick up speed 加速 ④The police car is running at a speed of 100 miles per hour to chase after the truck ahead of it. 警车以每小时一百英里的速度追赶前面那辆卡车。 即境活用完成句子 ①We'd better______________ if we want to be in time for the film．如果我们想及时看电影，最好要加快速度。 【speed up】 ②At the turning，the car______________.在拐弯处，汽车减慢了速度。 【reduced speed】 7. The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left． 空气似乎很稀薄．好像在混合的气体中剩下的氧气很少。 as though= as if 似乎是，好像是 归纳 as though 的意义和用法与 as if 相同，意为“似乎；好像” ，用来引导方式状语从句，如果从句表示的情况是事实， 使用陈述语气，主句的谓语多为 look，seem，taste，smell，sound 等词；如果从句表示的情况不是事实，则用虚拟语气， 形式如下： 1)从句的动词在时间上与主句动词同时发生，从句动词用过去时。 2)从句的动词在时间上先于主句的动词发生，从句的动词用 had done。 3)从句的动词在时间上比主句的动词晚发生，从句的动词用 would/could / might + do. ①It looks as if/though it will snow this afternoon. 看来下午要下雪。 ②Mr. Wang speaks as if/though he were from some other planet.王先生讲起话来就像个外星人一样。 拓展 as if/though 之后可接以下结构，表示一种省略形式。 as though/if+ done/doing/to do 或 adj/adv．或 prep.phrase／n． ③The boy is running here and there as though searching for something.这男孩跑来跑去好像在找什么东西。 ④The old man set upon the thief as though mad. 那位老人发疯似地扑向小偷。 ⑤He opened his mouth as if to say something. 他张开嘴好像要说什么。 即境活用 The man we followed suddenly stopped as if _______ whether he was going in the right direction. A. seeing B. having seen C. to see D. to have seen
课时提能演练 必修 5 Unit 3
I．单词拼写 1．We are________（乐观的）that the mainland and Taiwan will unify in the near future. 2. He can hardly find a job in the canteen, because he has no_______（先前的）experience of this kind of job. 3. The people in Iraq lived a hard life, because it was_________（不断地）hit by war. 4．The_________（周围的）scenery is very beautiful. 5. The project failed due to___________（缺乏）of money. 6. If you __________（按）the button, the machine will start.
7. He__________（带领）us through the narrow streets to the central mosque. 8. She caught his eyes for an_________（瞬间） ． 9. His wonderful speech made a strong_______（印象）on his audience. 10. The workers and the boss have reached a_________（协议）over new working conditions. Ⅱ．完成句子 1. Playing games on the Internet_______________（占用）most of his time. (take) 2．___________________（不管是晴天还是下雨天） ，he got up at six and took a walk in the park. (or) 3. When he got there, he_____________（看见）the ship on the sea but soon it was_________（看不见了） sight) ．( 4. Our classroom should be ____________（打扫）after class every day.( sweep) 5．He______________ (加快速度)the car in order not to be late. (speed) Ⅲ.语法和词汇知识 1. Helen has_______ French and can speak fluently after a short stay with her aunt in Paris. A. picked up B．taken up C．put up D．made up 2. The TV program is very attractive as it deals with ________ subjects such as music, painting and fashion. A. diverse B. constant C. casual D. precise 3. There is no ____method of measuring intelligence. A. precious B. previous C. primary D. precise 4.In order to meet the demands, they had to____ production. A. fasten up B．rise up C．speed up D．go up 5.----Won't you go shopping with your mother? ---- No._____ she promises to buy me a new sweater. A. Now that B. If only C. As though D. Unless 6. As a candidate, you must make a good ______ on everyone you meet if you want to win the election. A. decision B. situation C. impression D. position 7. Though _______money, his parents managed to send him to university. A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in 8. The corridor(走廊) was so narrow that I had to______ myself against the wall to let them pass. A. pull B. press C. defend D. prevent 9. The beautiful girl stood there until the train_______. A. lost sight B. caught sight C. out of sight D. got out of sight 10. For years workers have to _____ low wages and terrible working conditions, A. preserve B. prohibit C. ignore D. tolerate 11. _____ to train his daughter in English, he put an ad like this in the paper“____, an English teacher for a ten-year-old girl". A. Determined ; Wanted B. Determined ; Wanting C. Determine; Wanted D. Determining ; Wanting 12. -----Well, where did you spend your night that day? ----At _____. A. where it is called Grand Hotel B. what is called Grand Hotel C. which is called Grand Hotel D. that is called Grand Hotel 13. _____ mainly for the invention of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell devoted all his life to helping the deaf. A. Remembering B. Having remembered C. Remembered D. To remember 14. She made a_____ in our plan to play basketball when it started to rain. A. turn B. switch C. point D. exchange 15. He is an _____ . He is always ______ about his career. A. optimistic ; optimism B. optimism ; optimistic C. optimist ; optimistic D. optimist ; optimism 答案： 一：1.optimistic 2. previous 3. constantly 4. surrounding 5.lack 6. press 7. guided 8. instant 9. impression 10. settlement 二： 1.took up 2. Sunny or rainy 3. caught sight of; out of sight 4. swept up 5. sped up 三：1-5AADCD 6-10 CCBDD 11-15 ABCBC