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人教版新课标高中英语必修5重点词汇,短语,句子复习总结


必修五. M5 Unit 1
重点单词
characteristics environment analyze expert instruct

deliver extra physician spread remove

attend evidence pollute foresee cure

handle pump challenge neighborhood victim

affect valuable source face frighten

severe attack gather solve confuse

absorb suspected multiply clue enquiry

investigation announce movement universe reject

against theory privately create encourage

replace enthusiastic gradually ignore cautious

arise punish backward solar knowledge

重点短语
put forward draw a conclusion be/get under control
expose … to … be to blame blame sb. for sth.
in addition link...to... die of/from
lead to make sense apart from
contribute to be enthusiastic about be curious about
point of view (be)strict with sb. look into

thousands of be determined to do
重点句子
1. John Snow was a well-known doctor in London – so famous, indeed, that he attended

Queen Victoria as her personal physician..

2. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to

cholera.
3. First he marked on a map the exact places where all the dead people lived.
4. He knew it would never be controlled until its cause was found.
5. He became interested in two theories that possibly explained how cholera killed

people.
6. The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their

meals.

To prevent this from happening again, John Snow suggested that the source of all the

water supplies be examined.
7. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make

sense.
8. Yet Copernicus’ theory is now the basis on which all our ideas of the universe are built.
9. He found that it came from the river polluted by the dirty water from London.

10. … he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak.

11. Yet he could not tell anyone about his theory as the powerful Christian Church would have

punished him ….

12. So between 1510 and 1514 he worked on it, gradually improving his theory until he felt it was complete.

13. He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it and only the moon still going round the earth.

14. … , so he only published it as he lay dying in 1543.

15. The Christian Church rejected his theory, saying it was against God’s idea and people

Who supported it would be attacked.

必修五 M5 Unit2
重点单词:

unite divide puzzle clarify relation
legal convenience attraction collection architecture
Influence project arrange wedding fold
sightseeing available delight uniform statue
thrill unfair smart suggestion province

clarify accomplish evidence connect countryside

describe conflict port unwilling administration

government institution solid remain industrial

roughly zone population construct combine

collection castle worthwhile available expand

competition invader enjoyable imaginary plus

treasure introduce description error possibility

splendid original furnish guard display

quarrel tense consistent

重点短语
consist of to one’s surprise break away from
break down make a list of in memory of
feel proud of refer to link … to ….
on special occasions take the place of leave out
have an influence on at your convenience as well
in / with relation to under construction to their credit

find out on show feel proud of
重点句子
1. It is a pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors.
2. You find most of the population settled in the south.
3. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United

Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile.
4. Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she

wanted to see in London .
5. It looked splendid when first built.
6. What interested her most was the longitude line.
7. … so Pingyu had photo taken standing on either side of the line.

8. It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London.

9. When she saw many visitors enjoying looking at ….

10. Their followed St Paul’s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666.

11. To their credit, the four countries do work together in some areas ……

必修五 M5 Unit3
重点单词
vehicle carriage mud temple private

location settlement impression constantly require

remind guide previous tablet capsule

opening surrounding lack ache mask

bend press swiftly master flash

switch optimistic pessimistic opportunity length

alien enormous imitate extraordinary helmet

assist agency skip prize transport

stewardess tolerate adjustment fasten switch

spread timetable relax exhausted citizen

typist typewriter postage postcode button

friendly fault blame observe explanation

waste greedy recycle swallow available

material absorb efficiency manufacture perform

goods representative wander motivation

重点词组
take up in all directions lose sight of/ catch sight of

in no time sweep up get / be caught in

depend on speed up give off

as a result suffer from be similar to
in no time on one’s feet be supposed to do

plenty of be previous to compare … with/to …
for health reasons jet lag under repair
search for as though show sb around

be disposed of make an impression on because of

used to do
重点句子
1. The air seemed thin as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left.
2. Why not sit down and rest? = Why don’t you sit down and rest?
3. I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year.

4. Just relax, since there is nothing planned on the timetable today.

5. I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too much carriages flying by in all directions.

6. I can still remember the moment when the space stewardess called us all to ….

7. Well-known for their expertise, his parents’ company , called “Future Tours”, transported me safely into ….

Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days.

I stared at the moving model of the waste machine, absorbed by its efficiency.

Described as an enormous round plate, it spins slowly in space to imitate the earth’s gravity.

必修五. M5 Unit4
重点单词
photograph photographer edit edition editor

article journalist eager assignment whisper

acquire meanwhile trade case gifted

deliberately guilty technical thorough chief

defend crime normal combine senior

accurate employ polish scoop demand

approve process intention senior admirable

bribe deny challenge detailed colleague

experienced unusual professional amateur deadline

headline interview appointment dilemma prove

concise skeptical publish arrange trick

update submit delighted influence assistant

assess evidence suggest damages department

realize

重点短语
on one’s own be eager to do sth concentrate on

accuse…of go on a story cover a story

make sure ahead of have a good ‘nose’ for sth

be supposed to tell the truth keep in mind

inform … of take notes depend on

so as to look forward to make an appointment with
set (out)to do pass… on to…
重点句子
1. Never will ZY forget his first assignment at the office of China Daily.
Only if you asked many different questions will you acquire all the information you

need to nkow.
Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university

to update my skills.
2. This is how the story goes.
3. Have you ever had a case where somebody accused your journalists of getting the

wrong end of the stick?

4. Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the person says.

5. … Zhou Yang also took a copy to the native speaker employed by the newspaper to polish the style.

6. He knows how to do it.

必修五. M5 Unit5
重点单词
aid injury burn organ skin

poison bleed wound treatment disease

tissue symptom choke blood swell

swollen mild infect throat wrist

iron electric ray radiation scene

sleeve honor damage squeeze damp

sense serious severe liquid imagine complex

apply ceremony bravery pressure include

cupboard pan stove scissors basin

kettle temporary host degree barrier

essential vital function victim tightly

extremely surface blouse shocking scream

pressure pour affect unbearable award

重点短语
first aid get injured/burnt protect…against

depend on over and over again in place

fall ill sense of touch put one’s hands on

make a difference electric shock take off
present sb. with sth. a number of cut off
重点句子
1. Burns are called first degree, second degree or third degree burns depending on

which layers of the skins are burnt.
2. John was studying in his room when he heard screaming.
3. She was lying in her front garden bleeding very heavily
4. There is no doubt that Jon’s quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school

saved Ms Slade’s life.
5. If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible.

Remove clothing using scissors if necessary

6. Examples include burns caused by electric shocks, burning clothes, or severe petrol

fires.

7. … but there are other times when giving first aid quickly can save lives.



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