Module 1 Unit 2 English around the world
Section I. 课本扫描
1. actual adj. 实际的→ actually adv.实际上； 词 汇 词形 部 变化 分
2. base n. 基地；基础→base v. 以……为根据→ basic adj. 基本的 3. east n. 东方→eastern adj. 东方的；东部的
1. command n.& v. 命令；指令；掌握
重点 2. 3. 4. request n.& v. 请求；要求 recognize vt. 辨认出；承认；公认 straight adj.笔直的；正直的 adv. 直接；挺直
5. base vt. 以……为根据n.基部；基地；基础
2.make use of 利用；使用 重点 3.such as例如；诸如
4.play a part (in) 扮演一个角色；参与
5.because of 因为；由于 6.at present 目前；现在
1. Why do you think people all over the world
want to learn English?
重点句子 2. Believe it or not, there is no such a thing as Standard English. 重点语法 直接引语和间接引语（见语法专题P323）
一、核心单词 1. command [k?'mɑ:nd] n.& v. 命令；指令；掌握 (1) The officer commanded his soldiers to fire. 那名军官命令士兵们 开火。 (2) Her commands more quickly obeyed. 她的命令已被迅速执行。 归纳： command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
be under the command of 由……控制
be in command of 控制…… have / take command of… 指挥……
小练：用适当的介词填空 (1) For the first time in years, she felt ______ in command of her life. (2) The army is __________ the king’s direct command. under (3) The police arrived and took command ________ the situation. of
2. request [ri’kwest] n.& vb. 请求；要求
(1) He inade a request for help. 他请求帮助。 (2) I requested that he (should ) leave. 我要求他离开。 归纳 make (a) request for…请求；要求 Request sb. To do sth. 请求某人做某事 It is requested that… 据要求 小练：中英互译 (1) 参观者被要求不要触摸展览品。
______________________________________________ . visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits.
(2) This is the only request that the room be cleaned after being used, __________________________________ . 据要求这间房被用过之后要打扫干净。
3. recognize ['rek?ɡnaiz] vt. 辨认出；承认；公认 (1) I recognized her by her red hat. 我根据她的红色帽子认出了她。 (2) Everyone recognized him to be the lawful heir/as the lawful heir. 大家都承认他为合法继承人。 归纳：recognize sb. / sth. by/from 根据……认出某人/某物 be recognize…to be/as 被认作……/被认为是……
it is recognized that…人们公认……
He is _______________ recognized to be their natural leader. (2) 我认出他是我朋友的哥哥。 ______________________________________________ I recognized him as my friend’s brother.
4. straight [streit] adj. 笔直的；正直的 adv. 直接；挺直 (1) This is a straight road. 这是一条直路。
(2) She went straight from school to university. 她中学一毕业就进
了大学。 小练：中译英 (1) 把这幅画放正。 ________________________________________ Put the picture straight.
________________________________________ Look straight ahead.
5. base [beis] vt. 以……为根据 n. 基部；基地；基础 (1) She used her family’s history as a base for her novel. 她把她家人 的经历作为她小说的篮本。 (2) I base my hopes on the good news we had yesterday. 我把希望寄 托在我们昨天得到的好消息上。
(1) 这部小说是以历史事实为根据的。 ______________________________________________ his novel is based on historical facts. (2) His arguments had a sound economic base. ______________________________________________ 他的结论在经济方面是有充分根据的。
二、重点词组 1. come up走近；上来；提出；发芽；发生
(1) The seeds I sowed last week haven’t come up yet. 上周我种的种
子尚未发芽。 (2) It is certain that the question will come up at the meeting.这个问 题在会议上一定会被提出来的。 (3) The teacher asked the all naughty student to come up to her. 老师 叫那个淘气的学生走到她跟前。 (4) I am afraid something urgent has come up. 恐怕发生了什么急事。
短语归纳：come across邂逅 come at向……扑来；攻击 come out 出版；开花；结果是 come round 绕道而来
come about发生 come up with想出 come down落下；塌下
小练：用come构成的词组填空。 (1) The hunter walked across the forest when suddenly a bear _______ came at him. (2) The magazine __________ comes out once a month. (3) The engineers has ______________ come up with new ways of saving energy. (4) They ___________ came across an old school friend in the street this morning.
2. make use of 利用；使用 You ought to make good use of any opportunity to practice English.
短语归纳：make good use of 好好利用
make full use of 充分利用
make the best /most use of 充分利用
小练：根据中文，补充下列句子。 (1) 要充分利用一切机会说英语。 Make full use of every chance you have to speak English.
(2) 我们要很好地发挥她的才能。 We will
make good use of
3. such as例如；诸如 (1) Such poets as Keats and Shelley wrote Romantic poetry. 有些诗
人, 如济慈和雪莱, 写的是浪漫主义的诗歌。
(2) Wild flowers such as orchids and primroses are becoming rare. 兰 花和报春花之类的野花越来越少了。
小练：用such as或for example填空。
(1) I like drinks __________ such as tea and soda. (2) The report is incomplete; it doesn’t include sales in France, _________________. for example
4. play a part (in) 扮演一个角色；参与 (1) She plays an active part in local politics. 她积极参与地方政治活动。 (2) She played a major part in the success of the scheme. 她对该计划的成 功起了重要作用。
短语归纳：take part (in sth.)参加；参与（某事物）
for my part就我来说 for the most part 整件上；通常 小练：中译英
How many countries will
be taking part in the World Cup?
For my part , I don’t mind where to eat.
5. because of 因为；由于 They are here because of us. 他们是因为我们来这里的。
短语归纳：because of 是介词短语，后跟名词、代词或动名
词 because 是连词，引导原因状语从句 小练：中译英 (1) 因为腿受伤了，他走得很慢。 He walked slowly because of his injured leg. ______________________________________________________ / He walked slowly because his leg was injured. __________________________________ (2) Just because I don’t complain, people think I’m satisfied. _____________________________________________________ 因为我没发牢骚，人们就认为我心满意足了。
三、课文回顾 Today, more people speak English 1 as changed and developed 2 over their first, second or
a foreign language than ever before. As we all know, English has
time because cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English 3 spoken (speak) in England between about AD 450 and 1150, 4 was based (base) more on German than the English we speak at present. 5 Later ,
English became less like German
those 7 who ruled England spoke first Danish and (settle) enriched the English
then French. These new 8 settlers
language, so by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a
9 wider (wide) vocabulary than ever before. English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers. Today 10 the number of people learning English in China is
1. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. 以英语作为母语的 人，即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同，也可以互相交流。 句子分析： 这里的even if they don’t speak the same kind of English是引导让步状语从句。even if等于even though，意思是 “即使；尽管”。 仿写： (1) 尽管我们学过“even though”，但我们还是发现运用它很难。 ______________________________________________ Even if we have learned “even though” we still find it difficult to use. (2) 史密斯先生虽然很忙，但他还是愿意帮我们。 Mr. Smith likes to help us even if/though he is very busy. ______________________________________________
2. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. 当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础，但我们今天所说 的英语不是。 句子分析：…more…than…比……更多；与其说……倒不如 说……
(1) 与其说令她害怕了不如说使她大吃一惊。 She was _______surprised _______frightened. more than (2) 我的朋友汤姆得的奖比我得的多。 My friend Tom has more prizes that he got than me. ______________________________________________
3. Believe it or not, there is no such a thing as Standard English. 信不信由你，(世界上)根本没有什么标准英语。
句子分析：there is no such … as…(世界上)没有什么的……，
这里考查there be 句型一般后边接名词，such(. . . )as在这里相
当于like或for example。此外这里的believe it or not意思是“信
不信由你、不管你信不信”，通常在句子中作插入语，由逗 号和句子分开，一般起到补充说明的作用。 常见的插入语有： to be frank with you = to be honest with you 老实说 to tell you the truth 实话跟你说
to begin with 首先 to be exact 准确地说 to make things worse更糟糕的是 仿写： (1) 在他们看来，没有不可能的事情。 To them, there is simply no such thing as____________. impossibility (2) 天下没有免费的午餐！ There is no ________ such thing _____ as a free lunch!
_______________________________________________________ It is known that there is no /As is known to all, there is no such reality as something for nothing.
4. The US is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken. 美国是一个大国，国内有着许许多多的方言。
句子分析：这里的in which many different dialects are spoken是
由介词in+which引导的定语从句，which指代先行词country， 这个地方是介词提前，先行词在从句中是作为in的宾语。介 词in也可以放在定语从句中，即which many different dialects are spoken in。所以in+which在这个地方相当于关系副词where。
_____________________________________________________ They went to a large garden in which many green trees and red flowers were. _______________________
(2) 陈冬是这所大学的学生, 在2009年和2010年这段时间他努力 学习并被选为学生会主席。 Chen Dong was a student at this university from 2009 to 2010,
_______________ during which time he studied very hard and was made chairman of the Students’ Union ______________________________________.
5. These men spent nearly all of their lives trying to collect words
for their dictionaries. 这些人几乎一生的时间为他们的字典收集 单词。 句子分析： 句子中的spend sb./sth. (in)doing. . . 意思是“花费 （时 间/金钱等）干……”，有时也用spend sb./sth. on+sth.花费（时 间/金钱）在某物身上……，它的主语一般是人，与它意思相 近的还有其他动词，如cost，pay for，take他们构成的结构为：
sth. costs/cost sb. +价格 某物花费某人多少钱
sb. pay/paid for sth. 某人付某物的钱 it takes/took sb. st to do sth. 做某事花费某人多少时间
仿写： (1) 现在越来越多的成年人把他们的闲暇时间花在提高自己上。
______________________________________________ Now more and more adults spend their leisure time improving themselves.
(2) 搜寻人员花了两天时间来寻找那个失踪的孩子。 ______________________________________________ The rescue team spent two days searching for the missing child. (3) 昨天我花费200元买了那件毛衣。 I spent 200 yuan on the sweater yesterday. ______________________________________________
6. Actually, it was based more on German than present day English. 实际上，当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础的，而现
句子分析：句子中base sth. on sth ，意思是“以某事物为另一 事物的根据、证据等”，也常用be based on的形式“以…… 为准”。此处base作为动词使用，它还可以作为名词。 actually意为实际上，相当于as a matter of fact / in fact / in
(1) 实际上，他们的友谊是建立在多年相互沟通的基础上的。 (base on, communication) ______________________________________________________ Actually, their relationship was based on years of open communication with each other. _______________________________________________________ (2) 实际上学好英语有很多种方式，例如多背诵、多看书。 (actually, a number of, such as)
_______________________________________________________ Actually, there are a number of ways to learn English well, such as by recitation and reading. ___________________________________________________
Section II. 读写强化
一、根据课文回答下列问题 1. How to understand “World English”? “World English” comes from those countries, including Canadian, British, American, Australian and Indian English, where English plays an important role as a first or second language, either because of foreign rule or because of its special role as an international language.
2. Why do more and more people speak English? Because with the economy globalization, English has become the
best bridge to serve people all over the world communicating with
one another. 3. What’s the difference between British English and American English? The differences between British English and American English lie in
vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation.
4. How to learn English well? Show your ideas.
First, you should persevere. It’s true that English is sometimes really very difficult parts for us. But if you have a good method of learning,
I think you will be good at it. Both English listening and speaking are
the most difficult for almost every beginner. Sometimes, it seems impossible to learn. But I think if you do a lot of practice, you will
make progress, you should speak more and listen more often. You’d
better speak English with your classmates as often as possible not only in class but also out of class. I advise you to buy a radio, so you can listen to some English programmes over the radio. Then you will travel in the world of English. If you do that, you’ll be able to learn English well easily, and you’ll like English very much.
5. Do you think Chinese can be a world language? Why?
With the development of our country, more and more foreigners will
want to go to our country for travelling, working and so on. So I
think Chinese can be a world language.
二、美文欣赏与模仿： According to statistics, Chinese∕is～a language∕with the most speakers in the world. Why do we have to learn～English then? Although it～is true∕that more～and more people∕are studying Chinese in the world↗, English∕is by far more widely accepted∕especially in the business world∕and studied all～over the world∕as～a second language↘. No matter where we go today in the world, as long as～you can say some words in～English, there must be someone∕who is～ able to reply to you in this language. English∕is～a global language. And that～is∕why it～is very important for～us∕to learn this language.
一、重点词词形变换 1.I enjoy the films A Story of Lala’s Promotion _______by directed Xu Jinglei. She is a talented______. director (direction) 2.The _______cost was much higher than we had expected. (actual) actual
She appears to be angry. _______, Actually she is pleased.
3.It is impolite _______for children to cut in when their seniors are talking. __________ Politeness will bridge over many difficulties. (polite)
cultures of oriental (东方的) countries, which 4.She has studied the______ cultural legacies (遗产) of the history. (culture) are the ______ nationalities so she often reads ________ international 5.She has dual (双重的) __________, and
local news. (nation)
governed by the opinions of others. You should 6.You must not be ________
governor (government) be your own _______.
7. The young American impressed us with his _______ fluent Chinese. He can even recite many Tang
poems very _______. fluently (fluent)
8. Recently this disease __________strikes the area and the frequently _______scares the local people and frequency meanwhile draws a wide attention. (frequent) 9. At the moment we can’t _______the identify criminal because we have
found three different _______ identity cards on him. (identify)
10. I can’t _______how I love this place because its beauty is really express beyond expression _______. (expression)
二、活用本单元中的短语 1.The scientists are beating their brains trying to ____________ come up with a
solution to the problem.
come up at the meeting. 2.A number of questions ____________ 3._______________ ___________ A large number of people have left, but they left a great deal of trouble. 4.In this paragraph there are many nouns, ________boy, girl, and such as book. 5.Many great people rose from poor backgrounds—Lincoln _________________ . for example
make full use of solar energy. 6.The day will come when man can _______________ 7.Your life will _______________ be different from this moment.
8.Who is ______________ in command of our navy(海军)?
9.She have changed ____________. beyond recognition
10.Further details will be sent _____________ on request .
词数：331 建议用时：20 分钟 难度：★★★ 秘 计巧点拨 关注特定情景、语境中名词的意义(特殊含义)。 诀 真 1.By every one of them I’d prove myself a______. In a world where I 探 题 寻 导 名 词 (2) have to work with my hands, I’d do poorly. A.teacher B.doctor C.winner D.fool
： 悟 1.D 是由后暗示“I’d do poorly”进行反向推断，每次他出题的智力测 试结果都表明“我”是一个傻瓜。 2.The riders will ride the next 55 kilo metre ____, from Yanjiao to Jixian, which will be the first competitive(竞争性的)part of the tour. A. leg B. tryout C. race D. practice
2.A 由后面的语境可知，此处的leg和后面的part of the tour意义是一致的。
3.To save some of the human languages before they are
forgotten, the students in our school started a discussion
“Save Our ________”.
A. Sky B. Life C. Arts D. Voices
3. D 据题意“为了挽救一些还未被忘记的语言，我们学 校的学生开始讨论拯救我们的声音”可知应选D项。
图穷 本文中的第11，12题就涉及到名词在一定语境中的应用。 匕现
“Long time no see” is a very
Long Time No See
Para 1 Chinglish, too amazed to, to
思 路 盘 剥
From the origin and
my surprise, any interesting
other possible place, part of sentence.
American daily use of the
Chinglish sentence “Long time no see”, we can see the
diversity of American culture,
which is really a huge pot of stew.
Para 2 came from,
Confucius, popular Para 3 stew, influenced
The origin of “Long
time no see”.
The diversity of American culture.
“Long time no see” is a very interesting sentence. When I first read this sentence from an American friend’s e-mail, I laughed. I
thought it was a perfect 1 of Chinglish. Obviously, it is a wordby-word literal(照字面意思的) translation of the Chinese greeting with a ruined English grammar and structure! 2 on, my friend told me that it is a standard American 3 . I was too amazed to believe her. Her words could not convince me 4 . So I did a
search on www. gooogle. com. To my surprise, there are over 60
thousand web pages 5 “Long time
no see”. This sentence has been 6 used in e-mails, letters, newspapers, movies, books, or any other possible places. Though
it is sort of 7 , it is part of the language that Americans use daily.
8 , if you type this phrase in Microsoft Word, the software will tell you that the grammar needs to be corrected. Nobody knows the 9 of this Chinglish sentence. Some people believe that it came from Charlie Chan’s movies. In the
1930s, Holly-wood moviemakers successfully 10 a world- wide
detective named “Charlie Chan” on wide screens. Detective Chan liked to teach Americans some Chinese 11 by quoting (引用) Confucius(孔子). “Long time no see” was his trademark. Soon after Charlie Chan, “Long time no see” became a popular phrase in the real world thanks to the 12 of these movies.
Some scholars 13 America to a huge pot of stew (大熔炉).
All kinds of culture are mixed in the stew together, and they 14 the color and taste of each other. American Chinese, though a
minority ethnic(少数民族的)group in the United States, is also
influenced some changes to the stew! Language is usually the first thing to be 15 in the mixed stew.
这个句子时，我笑了，我当时认为它是地地道道的中式英语， 很明显地，它是不符合英语语法结构的中国问候语的字面翻 译。 2.A. Later B. Latter C.Former D.Further
A later on过后，以后句意：后来朋友告诉我这是一句标准的美 国问候语。
3.A. custom B. greeting
致于难以相信她。 4.A. almost B. in all C. at all D. after all
C 句中的convince意为“使确信，使信服”。not at all一点也不， 根本不。句意：她的话一点儿也不能让我信服，因此我在
C. containing D. expressing
使我惊奇的是有超过6万个网页包含“Long time no see”。
6.A. seldom B. hardly C. widely D. deeply
B casual随便的，偶然的，informal非正式的，非正规的； familiar熟悉的，通晓的；similar近似的，相似的。句意：尽 管它是不正式的，但它是美国人日常用语中的一部分。
C. Suddenly D. However
D 因为前后句之间有转折关系，所以选however“可是”。句意： 可是，如果你在微软的办公软件Word中输入该短语，软件将 告诉你不合语法。
C. expression D. origin
有人知道这个中式英语的句子的起源，一些人认为它来自 Charlie Chan的电影。 10.A. did B. published C. created D. discovered
C create创造，创作，符合语境。句意：在20世纪 30年代，好 莱坞电影制作者成功地在银幕上创造了一个闻名世界的中国 侦探Charlie Chart的形象。
C. perception D. insight
12.A.fame B.popularity C.status D. reputation
B fame名声，声望；popularity流行，普及。句意：由于电影的 缘故，它成为了一句流行的用语。 13.A. equal B. match C.relate D.compare
D compare to把……比做。
和口味。 15.A. mentioned B. used C. considered D. influenced
D influence影响，符合语境。句意：语言在这个大熔炉中通常是 首先受到影响的东西。
字数：237 完成时间：10分钟 难度：★★★ Many Chinese students studying abroad like to stay with host families to learn their language and culture. Nowadays, many Shanghai white-collar workers have received native English speaking 1international (nation) students as their host families, too, in order to learn English from them.
It is usually free for foreign students to stay in a host family in Shanghai, but he/she must take 2 up the responsibility of teaching English to at least one certain
members of the family. Miss Li has always worried about her 3_________(limit) English. “I never knew what to say to an limited English-speaking person.” she said. She has taken a number of English courses, but 4____ none has proved to be useful. Last year, she saw 5___ an advertisement recruiting (征募) host families for foreign
students, and that was how Carey (from Chicago, US) came to her
home. Carey is actually not a student, but a manager. She stays in Li’s apartment for free, 6____ but has to teach Li oral English for 1
hour every day. “She could hardly speak Chinese at the beginning,
and we had to guess 7____ what each other meant through gestures.” said Li.
Two months later, they could talk to each other 8_______ without gesticulating（打手势）. Now, Li can communicate with any English-speaking person freely. About one hundred Shanghai families have received foreign boarding students, and the figure
9________(rise) ．However, foreign hoarding students can only is rising
help improve oral English, but 10____ not examination skills.
1. international 根据文章内容，英语为母语的学生是“国际” 学 生，作定语要用形容词形式。 2. up take up the responsibility表示“担起责任”。 3. limited 在English前用形容词作定语。
4. none 结合上下文来看，表示“没有一种课程”管用。
5. an 指看到“一则”广告，表示“一个(块、张等)”用不定冠 词。
6. but 表示逻辑转折。文中指免费是有条件的。
7. what 引导宾语从句并在从句中作宾语，用what。 8. without指两个月后就“不需要”手势就可以理解了。
9. is rising由文意可知，指目前或近阶段每一百户人家中接受外
国人居住的数目“正在上升”。 10. not 整篇讲的都是口语，所以对应的“应试”问题就不能解
词数：416 第 3题 建议用时：10分钟 passage? 细节理解题就是我们常见的wh-题，它们大多是就文章中的 具体信息，如事实、例证、原因、过程、论述等进行提问 细节理解 的。有些问题可以在文章中直接找到答案，有些则要在理 之是非题 解的基础上将有关内容系统化后才能找到，比如计算、排 题型 序、是非判断、图形比较等。 细节类问题的命题方式之一就是：是非题出题形式 难度：★★★★ Which of the following statements is NOT mentioned in the
1. 三正一误： 解 题 技 巧 点 拨
Which of the following is true except…?
Which of the following is mentioned except… 2. 三误一正： Which of the following is true? 这种做题方法主要与三正一误的下列问法相联系：
Which of the following is mentioned except…?
Which of the following is not mentioned…?
方 法 second，third等。做题时只需阅读有关段落，根据一个 对 策 选项中的关键词在其前后找其他两个正确选项，剩下 一个原文中未提到的，为正确答案。本题中选项A“普 遍认为1500年是现代英语的起点”在文章中没有提到。
Invited by Mr. Ye Huixian, host of the well received TV programme “Stars Tonight”, Miss Luo Lin, Miss Asia of 1991, appeared as the guest hostess on the Shanghai TV screen last Sunday.?
真 题 回 放 Born in Shanghai and taken to Hong Kong when she was only six years old, Luo Lin has never dreamed of being Miss Asia. Her childhood dream was to be an air hostess. Before she took part in the competition, she had been an airhostess in Cat Hay Airline for seven years. However, it still took her three months to learn the art of walking on the stage, dancing, singing, making-up and other proper manners, designed by the Asia TV Station.?
“It’s really a hard job for me. I won’t enter for such
competition any more. Anyhow, I am quite lucky. I am also
glad to have had more chances to work for the social welfare since I won the title. This time, in Shanghai, I’d love to make a deep impression on my TV audience,” said Luo Lin with a sweet smile.?
Which of the following is NOT true?
A. Luo Lin is a native of Shanghai.? B. Luo Lin moved to Hong Kong with her parents.? C. Luo Lin won the title of Miss Asia in 1991. D. Asia TV Station helped Luo Lin to become Miss Asia.
第二段中有Born in Shanghai and taken to Hong Kong when she was only six years old一句，说明A项是对的。
第一段中有Miss Luo Lin, Miss Asia of 1991, appeared as the guest
hostess说明C项也是对的。 第二段中有it still took her three months to learn the art of walking on
the stage, dancing, singing, making-up and other proper manners, designed
by the Asia TV Station.说明D. Asia TV Station helped Luo Lin to become Miss Asia.是对的。
taken to Hong Kong可判断不是moved to Hong Kong with her parents， 因此选B项。
significant(重要的；有意义的)， constant(不停的；接连不断的)，tendency(倾向；趋势) Useful 知 words 识 积 累 Useful phrases imperceptible(察觉不出的；感觉不到的)， collision(冲突，抵触)，dignity(尊严；庄严)，
static(静止的；停滞的)， emerge(浮现；出现) look back upon(回顾)，life span(寿命)， depend on(依靠，依赖)，in the forms of (以……形式)， come into conflict with(冲突)
1. Our language has always been a living growing organism, it has never been static.
2. At one extreme it has been the property of the
Useful common, ignorant folk, who have used it in the daily business of their living, much as they have used their animals or the kitchen pots and pans. 3. As we consider our changing language, we should
note here two developments that are of special and
immediate importance to us.
My I am fond of ______________(a language) because favorite ___________________________________________________. language I am fond of English (a language) because is widely used in many fields in the world nowadays. 篇 段落 English Key words Topic sentences Title 章 Changes 结 history of our The history of our Main idea 构 Para 1 language,constant language has always change,imperceptible been a history of change,violent constant change—at collision times a slow, almost imperceptible change, at other times a violent collision between two languages.
Para 2 changing
As we consider our
we should note here two developments immediate importance to us.
tells us the
changes of English and change.
that are of special and how they
When one looks back upon the fifteen hundred years that are the life span of the English language, he should be able to notice a number of significant truths. The history of our language has always been a history of constant change — at times a slow, almost imperceptible change, at other times a violent collision between two languages. Our language has always been a living growing organism, it has never been static. Another significant truth that emerges from such a study is that language at all times
has been the possession not of one class or group but of many. At
one extreme it has been the
property of the common, ignorant folk, who have used it in the daily business of their living, much as they have used their animals or the kitchen pots and pans. At the other extreme it has been the treasure of those who have respected it as an instrument and a sign of civilization, and who have struggled by writing it down to give it some permanence, order, dignity, and if possible, a little beauty. As we consider our changing language, we should note here
two developments that are of special and immediate importance to
us. One is that since the time of the Anglo-Saxons there has been an almost complete reversal of the different devices for showing
relationship of words in a sentence. Anglo-Saxon (old English) was a language of many inflections. Modern English has few inflections. We must now depend largely on word order and function words to convey the meanings that the older language did by means of changes in the forms of words. Function words, you should understand, are words such as prepositions, conjunctions, and a few others that are used primarily to show relationships among other words. A few inflections, however, have survived. And when some word inflections come into conflict with word order, there may be trouble for the users of the language, as we shall see later when we turn our attention to such maters as WHO or WHOM and ME or I. The second fact we must consider is that as language itself changes, our attitudes toward language
forms change also. The eighteenth century, for example, produced
from various sources a tendency to fix the language into patterns not always set in and grew, until at the present time there is a strong
tendency to restudy and re-evaluate language practices in terms of the
ways in which people speak and write. 1. In contrast to the earlier linguists(语言学家), at present, more and more attention is paid to_________. A. the standardization of the language
B. language practices in terms of current speech rather than standards or proper patterns
C. the improvement of the language than its history
D. the rules of the language usage
B 细节理解题。这篇文章讲的主要是现代语言研究 与早期研究的不同而已。 2. From the study we know that language is ________. A. a possession of upper class B. a possession of lower class
C. a possession of the whole society
D. the only property of those who treasure it much C 细节理解题。从第一段中间“Another significant truth…”直到结尾部分，阐明语言是所有社会阶层的 共同财富，只是使用时有所不同。
3. Which of the following statements is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. It is generally believed that the year 1500 can be set as the beginning of the Modern English. B. Some other languages had great influence on the English language in its development. C. The English language has been and still in a state of relatively constant change. D. Many classes or groups have contributed to the development of the English language. A 细节理解题。见上表。
4. The author of these paragraphs is probably a(an) _________. A. writer specially interested in English B. person who pays much attention to people of lower classs C. teacher who teaches the English language D. expert in studying languages
D 推理判断题。此题考查考生的推测能力和词汇量，文章讲述 的是英国语言演进的具体细节，最适当的答案应该是D。作者 很可能是一位语言学家，而不仅仅是教授英语的教师，所以 排除C项。
5. Which of the following can be best used as the title of the passage? A. The History of the English Language.
B. Our Changing Attitude towards the English Language.
C. Our Changing Language.
D. Some Characteristics of Modern English
C 主旨大意题。本文从各个方面谈及英语作为一种语言的发展 变化，但并不是讲述英语的历史。
We nowadays live in a global village, and many difficulties will arise if we can’t express ourselves fluently in English.
In spite of my awareness of its importance, I seldom find
chances to practice and improve my oral English. So, I am still very weak with regard to this respect. One reason is that my pronunciation and intonation aren’t good enough. The other is that I am so shy that I am always too nervous to find the exact words to express my
ideas and feelings. As a result the best way for me to do is to remain silent when others are practicing and making great progress in their oral English every day. Now I am attaching much more importance to oral English and I have made up my mind to seize every opportunity to practice.
I begin to participate actively in all kinds of English activities,
such as going to "English Corners", talking in English with my classmates and with native speakers. "Nothing is difficult in the
world if you really put your heart to it." as the Chinese saying goes.
I can build up my confidence, if I am not afraid of losing face any more, if I really work hard on it, I am sure my oral English will be excellent someday. 【写作内容】 1. 以约30个词概括短文的要点;
英语口语练习造成的影响，并包括如下要点： (1)你以前对英语口语的态度及原因； (2)广东高考英语口试对你目前英语口语练习造成的某些影响； (3)你的感想或期望。
【写作要求】 1. 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅
2. 标题自定。 3. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
Desires Motivate My Oral English Practice Living in a “global village”, the writer finds it important to
practise oral English, and he has paid more attention to it and is
determined to get more chances to practise it. I had such an experience of oral English practice. Years ago, I thought that spoken English was of no use, and I cared little about oral English.
After I have known something about Oral English Test in Guangdong College Entrance Examination, I have suddenly
daydreamed of being an English major in a famous university.
And I have been more diligent. I practise my oral English every morning and evening crazily. Desires motivate my oral English practice. I realize that hard work creates miracles. All in all, I do hope I will be successful in
my Oral English Test in Guangdong College Entrance
Examination in April, and I will make my dream come true in the end.
Section Ⅳ. 词汇拓展
external 外国的，外部的 criterion 标准；准则；规范 civilization 文明 native culture 文化 syntax 语法，句法 significance 意义；重要性
memorize mechanically 死记硬背
American English 美式英语 cultural legacies 文化遗产 the second language 第二语言
legacies 遗产 lexical analysis 词汇分析
have a good knowledge of 掌握 distinguishing feature 特点，特征
be based on根据，以……为基础 the Appalachian mountains 阿巴拉契亚山脉 the Rocky mountains 落基山脉 Parliament 议会
the Catholic Church 天主教会 Protestaintism 新教