英语基础句型 250 句
Module 1 Unit 1 1. 好朋友就是能和你分享快乐和忧伤的人。(share…with) A best friend is someone who can share happiness and sorrow with you. 2. 如果你们俩停止争斗并努力好好相处，我将不胜感激。(be grateful, get along with) I would be grateful if the two of you stopped fighting and tried to get along well with each other. 3. 我们已经相识有很长的时间了。(get to know each other) We have known each other for quite a long time. / We have got to know each other over quite a long time. 4. 我熬到 11 点半故意不睡觉， 为的是独自好好看看月亮。 (stay awake, on purpose, in order to) I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself.. 5. 在朋友的帮助下，我最终完成了这项工作。(with the help of) Finally, I was able to finish the work with the help of my friends. 6. 我们是好朋友。我把与你的友谊视为是最重要的。（value, above all else） We are good friends. I value your friendship above all else. 7. 这是他第一次用电子邮件与笔友交流。（the first time, communicate with） This is the first time he has used e-mail to communicate with his pen pal. 8. 爱好是不会让你感到厌倦的——你投入的时间越长，乐趣越多。 (the more… the more; devote to; get tired of) A hobby is something that you never get tired of—the more time you devote to it, the more fun you have. 9. 网络使人们即使身处世界的不同角落也完全可能面对面地交流。(face to face; even if； entirely) Thanks to the Internet, it is now entirely possible for people to communicate face to face, even if they are in different parts of the world. 10. 根据新闻报道， 是天气决定嫦娥二号发射的准确时间。 (according to, it is ….that 强调句 ) According to the news report, it is the weather that will determine the exact launch time of Chang?e Two.
Module 1 Unit 2 1．现在, 每年有超过 100 万的旅客来广州观光旅游。(at present, more than) At present, more than one million visitors travel to Guangzhou every year. 2. 他们的友谊是建立在多年相互开放沟通的基础上的。(base on, communication) Their relationship was based on/ upon years of open communication with each other. 3. 世界淡水资源十分有限，因此我们必须充分利用。 (make use of, resources) The world?s fresh water resources are very limited so we must make good use of them. 4. 我将十分乐意参加任何能丰富我对世界认识的讨论。(take part in, enrich) I will gladly take part in any discussion that enriches my knowledge of the world.
高二英语学业水平测试基本句型 200 句
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5. 不管你相不相信, 我们已经逐渐地可以用英语流利地表达了。(believe it or not, gradually, express, fluently) Believe it or not, we have gradually become able to express ourselves fluently in English. 6. 实际上学好英语有很多简单的方法, 例如看英文电视或和外国朋友在线聊天。 (actually, a number of, such as) Actually, there are a number of simple ways to improve your English, such as watching English TV shows and chatting with foreign friends online. 7. 即使这工作要花掉我六个星期的时间，我仍决心要完成这份工作。 (even if, determined ) Even if it takes me six weeks, I am determined to finish the job. 8. 政府应该尽快想出更好的办法来解决高油价所带来的问题。(come up with, petrol) The government should come up with a better solution to the problems caused by the high price of petrol. 9. 全体同学都要准时参加明天举行的会议。(request) All the students are requested to attend the meeting to be held tomorrow on time. 10. 你应该好好利用机会练习英语。(make use of ) You ought to make good use of any opportunity to practise English.
Module 1 Unit 3 1. 杰克给了我一个坚定的眼神，这眼神表明他不会改变主意，也不会屈服。 (determine, change one?s mind, give in) Jack gave me a determined look, which showed me that he would neither change his mind nor give in. 2. 花了一周时间才把衣物和药品送达灾区。(transport) It took one week to transport clothes and medicine to the disaster-hit area. 3. 那个老人很固执，病了还拒绝搬到他女儿家中住。(stubborn) The old man was stubborn and refused to move in with his daughter after he became ill. 4. 请耐心点。火车十分钟后到。(be doing 表将来) Please be patient. The train is arriving in ten minutes. 5. 比起乘坐拥挤的公共汽车，他宁愿骑自行车。(prefer to do sth rather than do sth) Rather than ride on a crowded bus, he always prefers to ride a bicycle. 6. 他正试图说服他的朋友放弃抽烟。(try to persuade sb to do sth ) He is trying to persuade his friends to give up smoking. 7. 她坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽美。(insist ) She insisted that she (should) organize the trip properly. 8. 一家人应该互相关心。(care about ) Family members should always care about each other. 9. 一直到奥运会在中国举行，世界才充分领略了中国文化的魅力。(强调句 It is…that…) It is not until the 29th Olympic Games were hosted in China that the world completely experience the charm of Chinese culture. 10. 我已经下定决心，不管你说什么我都不会改主意了。(make up one?s mind) I have made up my mind to leave, and nothing you say will change it.
高二英语学业水平测试基本句型 200 句
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Module 1 Unit 4 1. 好像他的事业就快要结束了。(It seems/ seemed that…, at an end) It seems that his career is at an end. 2. 百分之六十的旅客宁愿住在窗朝南的房间。(用定语从句） Sixty percent of the travelers prefer to live in the rooms whose windows face south. 3. 消防员没有多考虑个人的安危， 像平常一样将困在大火中的人员援救出来。 (think little of, rescue, be trapped in). The firefighters thought little of their personal safety and as usual rescued the people who were trapped in the fire. 4. 在村外往东有一幢蓝顶的白房子。(to the east, with ) To the east side of the village there is a small white house with a blue roof. 5. 听完他的话，那个可怜的女孩泪水夺眶而出，冲出门外。(burst, rush out ) After hearing his words, the poor girl burst into tears and rushed out of the room. 6. 2008 年 5 月 12 日约下午两点半，距离成都 159 公里的汶川发生了一次强烈地震。(strike) At about 2:30 pm on May 12, 2008, a strong earthquake struck Wenchuan, which is 159 kilometres away from Chengdu. 7. 在灾难中，三分之二的幸存者是战士们挖出来的。(two-thirds of, dig out) In the disaster, two-thirds of the survivors were dug out by the soldiers. 8. 城市一片废墟，上百万的人无家可归。(in ruins, millions/thousands of) The city lay in ruins and millions of people / hundreds of thousands of people had no place to live 9. 市政府为孤儿搭起避难处。(put up, without) The city government put up a shelter for the children without parents. 10. 不是所有的伤员都送到了医院。(all) All the injured people were not sent to hospital. Module 1 Unit 5 1. 一些人破门设法从失火的房子里逃了出来。（escape from; by doing sth） Some people managed to escape from the burning building by breaking down the doors. 2. 上一次考试考砸了之后，那个男孩向父母许诺今后会努力学习。(After doing…) After doing such a poor job in the last exam, the boy promised his parents he would study much harder in the future. 3. 我在小学的时候就认识他---- 事实上我们那时在同一个年级。（as a matter of fact） I knew him when we were in primary school--- as a matter of fact we were in the same grade. 4. 德兰修女(Mother Teresa) 把自己毕生的精力都倾注在照顾穷苦人之上。（devote …to…） Mother Teresa has devoted all her life to caring for the poor. 5. 有好几个商店，你可以在那里买你想买的东西。。（介词+which） There are several stores in which you can buy the items you want. 6. 约翰要给捡到他钱包的出租司机一百元作为酬劳。（reward; wallet; who） John wanted to give 100 yuan as a reward to the taxi driver who had found his wallet. 7．只在那时，他才意识到他错了。(Only then) Only then did he realize that he was wrong. 8. 当你遇到困难时，不要失去信心。（lose heart）
高二英语学业水平测试基本句型 200 句 第 3 页 共 16 页
Don?t lose heart when you come across difficulty. 9. 父母应教育子女懂礼貌。(educate, in good manners) Parents should educate their children to be in good manners. 10.年轻人应积极参加各种社会活动。（be active in） Young people should be active in all kinds of social activities.
Module 2 Unit 1 1. 除非我们净化我们的环境，否则人类可能将无法生存。（clean up, survive） Unless we clean up our environment, human beings may not survive. 2.这是目前为止我所看过的最好的电影中的一部。 This is one of the best films that I have ever seen. 3.他已决定去巴黎度假，而不去伦敦。( rather than ) . He has decided to go to Paris for his holiday rather than London. 4.我家门前的漂亮新车是我邻居的，不是我的。 ( belong to ) The beautiful new car in front of my home belongs to my neighbour, not me. 5. 她给我们食物和衣服，没有要求任何回报，这一切都让我们很感激。 (in return; which; grateful ). She gave us food and clothes and asked for nothing in return, which made us very grateful. 6.他那么粗鲁地和老板说话，难怪会被解雇。 ( no wonder ) . He talked so rudely to his boss. No wonder he was fired. 7.很多农民去城镇寻找好的工作和更高的薪水。(in search of) Many farmers go into towns and cities in search of good jobs and higher pay. 8.请把你的包从凳子上拿下来，这样我可以做。(remove…from…) Please remove your bag from the seat so that I can sit down. 9．约翰提到了几个法官的名字，他对他们评价不高。(think highly of) . John mentioned the names of a few judges whom he didn?t think highly of. 10．他为了做沙发而拆掉了两把旧椅子。（take apart） He took apart two old chairs in order to make a sofa.
Module 2 Unit 2 1. 当午餐的铃声敲响的时候, 学生们一个接一个走出教室。(one after another) . When the bell rang for lunch, the students came out of classroom one after another. 2. 经理不在时, 他负责这个商店. (in charge of) . He was left in charge of the shop while the manager was away. 3. 他最终向警察承认他也加入了犯罪活动。(admit, take part in, crime) . He finally admitted to the police that he had taken part in the crime as well. 4. 他训练了很长的一段时间，所以获得比赛的胜利是他应得的。（deserve, so） He?s been training for a long time, so he deserved to win the race. 5. 在大部分西方国家，商店明码实价，不能讨价还价。（bargain） . In most western countries store prices are fixed and people cannot bargain. 6. 不仅你而且你的妻子对我很友好。（not only…but also…） Not only your wife but also you are friendly to me.
高二英语学业水平测试基本句型 200 句 第 4 页 共 16 页
7．以其不争， 故天下莫能与之争。(compete against/with…) . Because she competes with no one, no one can compete against her. 8．你问我爱你有多深，月亮代表我的心。(stand for) If you ask me how much I love you, the moonlight stands for my heart. 9．乘客不允许在候车室吸烟。(allow sb to do…) . Passengers are not allowed to smoke in the waiting room. 10．他是个老师，我也是。(so …) . She is a teacher, so am I.
Module 2 Unit 3 1. 尽管多数人都认为他的目标不切实际，他确信他可以通过努力达成目标。(achieve; goal) Although most people considered his goal to be unrealistic, he was sure that he could achieve it with hard work. 2. 由于新一轮抛售的波浪，股市出现了进一步的下跌。(as a result of, there be, a further fall) As a result of a fresh wave of selling, there was a further fall in the stock market. 3. 随着社会和经济的发展，不可避免地会有新问题产生。(arise) New problems will inevitably arise as our society and economy develop. 4. 她将会公开露脸，为她最新的小说签名。（appearance, sign） . She will be making a public appearance, signing copies of her latest novel. 5. 这个母亲正看护着她熟睡的孩子。(watch over) The mother is watching over her sleeping child now. 6.昨晚我花了三个小时才做完我的家庭作业。（It takes +时间+ before……） It took me 3 hours last night before I finished my homework. 7.寻找一个小时之后，他发现这本书是论述古希腊的。（search, deal with） After searching for an hour, he found the book dealing with ancient Greece. 8.那个小女孩严重被宠坏了。她想要什么父母就给什么。（spoil） That little girl is terribly spoilt; her parents give her everything she asks for. 9.她既是个很有天赋的音乐家也是个摄影师。（as well as） She is a talented musician as well as a photographer. 10.电脑的发明被认为是一种伟大的科技的突破。（consider, breakthrough） The invention of computer is considered to be a great technological breakthrough. Module 2 Unit 4 1. 由于人类的过度猎捕，许多动物都已经灭绝了。( die out,) . Because of over-hunting by human beings, many animals have died out. 2. 飞机安全着陆之后， 一些人喜笑颜开， 而另一些人欣慰地哭了。 (burst into laughter; while; cry in relief) After the plane landed safely, some people burst into laughter while others cried in relief. 3. 开车的时候，你应该注意路标。( pay attention to; road signs) While driving, you should pay attention to the road signs. 4. 香烟含有很多影响健康的化学成分，这是众所周知的事实。(contain; chemicals; affect) It is a well known fact that cigarettes contain many chemicals that will affect your health.
高二英语学业水平测试基本句型 200 句 第 5 页 共 16 页
5. 政府提出了一项新的政策， 旨在保护城市里一些重要的历史遗迹。 ( put forward, preserve ) The government has put forward a new policy aiming at preserving the city?s important historic sites. 6. 根据气象报告，今天将会是一个晴朗的日子。( according to) According to the weather report, it will be sunny today. 7. 很多工人面临失业的危险。(in danger of) Many workers are in danger of losing their job. 8. 昨晚我成功地与汤姆取得联系了。(succeed) I succeeded in getting in touch with Tom last night. 9. 如果你能在周五晚上照顾一下孩子们，我将非常感激。（appreciate） I would appreciate it if you could take care of the kids on Friday night. 10. 随着越来越多的森林被毁坏，每年都有大量的土壤被雨水冲走。(with…, wash away, 被 动语态) With more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of good earth are being washed away each year.
Module 2 Unit 5 1. 我梦想将来的某一天能周游全世界。(dream of/about) I dream of / about traveling around the world one day in future. 2. 说实话，我要在公共场合演讲还是太紧张了。（to be honest；too… to） To be honest, I?m too nervous to give a speech in public. 3.有时候他在街头或地铁里为过路人演奏吉他来挣些额外的钱。（passers-by; so that; earn; extra） Sometimes he plays his guitar to passers-by in the street or subway so that he can earn some extra money. 4. 我很独立，不喜欢依赖别人来获得帮助。(be independent; rely on ) I am independent and don?t like to rely on others for help. 5. 在我还没来得及熟悉这个乐队的音乐之前， 他们就解散了。 ( have the chance to; get familiar with; break up；) Before I had the chance to get familiar with their music, the band broke up. 6. 除了自信，她还非常漂亮也非常敏感。(in addition to; confident; attractive; sensitive) In addition to being confident, she is also attractive and sensitive. 7. 我将与你的友谊视为是最重要的。（above all else） I value your friendship above all else. 8. 先生，您是用现金还是用信用卡支付呢？(credit card, in cash,) Will you pay by credit card or in cash, sir? 9. 我们认为这项研究十分重要。（attach…to…） We need to attach importance to this research. 10. 他喜欢开别人的玩笑，但是不喜欢别人开他的玩笑。(play jokes on) He likes playing jokes on others, but dislikes being played jokes on.
高二英语学业水平测试基本句型 200 句
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Module 3 Unit 1 1. 这间医院是为了纪念孙中山先生而建的。 (in memory of) The hospital was built in memory of Dr. Sun Yat-sen. 2. 孩子们盼望着万圣节，在那时候他们可以盛装打扮并互相捉弄。(look forward to; dress up; play tricks on) Children always look forward to Halloween when they can dress up and play tricks on each other. 3. 他们一获得许可就马上出发去灾区。(set off; permission) They set off for the disaster-stricken/ hit area as soon as they got the permission. 4. 大家都很清楚他在撒谎。(obvious) It was obvious to everyone that he was lying. 5. 他日夜思念故乡，所以这首歌常让他想起故乡。（remind… of） He misses his hometown day and night, so this song always reminds him of his hometown. 6. 他屏住气，一头扎进河里。(hold one?s breath) He held his breath and dived headlong into the river. 7. 除夕夜，我所有的亲人都聚集一起吃大餐，意味着团团圆圆。(get together; feast; reunion) On New Year?s Eve, all my family members get together to have a big feast, meaning reunion. If you want her to forgive you, you should sincerely apologize. 8. 如果你想获得她的原谅，就必须真诚地道歉。(apologize; forgive) If you want her to forgive you, you should sincerely apologize. 9. 已经 7 点钟了， 杰克应该来了。(should) It?s already seven o?clock. Jack should be here at any moment. 10. 每次我去看他，他总是用自制的糕点招待我。(would; treat) Whenever I went to see him, he would treat me with some home-made cakes.
Module 3 Unit 2 1. 如果你时常请教老师的话，你将会受益匪浅。 (benefit，consult (with)) You will benefit greatly if you regularly consult (with) your teacher. 2. 我不知道他们怎么交这么低的税而未受到惩罚。( get away with ) I don?t know how they manage to get away with paying such low taxes. 3. 除非你保持均衡的饮食，否则将会增加体重。 (a balanced diet, put on weight ) Unless you keep a balanced diet, you will put on weight. 4. 他对家乡的巨变十分惊讶。(amaze) He was amazed at the great changes that had taken place in his hometown. 5. 在做了一个令人惊叹的演讲之后，他又赢回了同事们的支持。(win back…) After making a wonderful speech, he was able to win back the support of his colleagues. 6. 他谋求良好生活的能力受到了他缺乏教育的限制。 (earn a good living, be limited by; lack of)
高二英语学业水平测试基本句型 200 句 第 7 页 共 16 页
His ability to earn a good living is limited by his lack of education. 7. 在搬进新房子之前， 他扔掉了不需要的东西。(throw…away) Before moving into the new house, he threw away the things he didn?t need. 8. 这两姐妹一定是吵架了，因为他们互不理睬。(must have done) The sisters must have had an argument, for they are no longer talking to each other. 9. 由于债台髙筑，他改掉了赌博的习惯。（in debt, get rid of） Bing heavily in debt, he got rid of the habit of gambling. 10. 不久她就发现自己犯了一个严重的错误。（before long） Before long she found that she had made a great mistake.
Module 3 Unit 3 1. 这篇新闻报道是完全根据实际情况写的。(base…on) . This news report is based entirely on facts. 2. 不知道你是否介意我们问几个问题？（mind sb/sb?s doing） I wonder whether you?d mind us asking a few questions. 3. 咱们应该怎样处理这些废报纸？(do with) What shall we do with the waste paper? 4. 如果天气允许的话，我们将在树林里野餐。(permit) We will have a picnic in the woods, weather permitting. 5. 当我到达的时候，我发现门被关上了。(find+宾语+补语) When I arrived, I found the door closed. 6. 没人能对他的旷课做出解释。(account for) Nobody could account for his absence from school. 7. 我决定还是求稳不要冒险。(take a chance；rather than) I decided to play it safe rather than take a chance. 9. 这些年，我有很多朋友来到这座大城市追求幸福和成功。（seek one?s fortune） In recent years, many of my friends have come to the big city to seek their fortune. 10. 苏珊出生于巴黎，长大于伦敦。（be born in; bring up） Susan was born in Paris and brought up in London.
Module 3 Unit 4 1. 既然你已经通过了驾驶考试，你就可以独自开车了。(now that Now that you have passed the driving test, you can drive on your own. 2. 是什么事使他不能参加我们的会议仍然是个谜。(prevent…from) . What prevented him from attending our meeting still remains a mystery. 3. 昨天晚会的气氛非常欢快，每一个人都度过了美好的时光。(atmosphere; joyful) The atmosphere at the party yesterday was very joyful and everyone had a great time.
高二英语学业水平测试基本句型 200 句 第 8 页 共 16 页
4. 当他意识到他可以及时到达赶上飞机时，他终于振奋起来。(in time; cheer up) He finally cheered up when he realized he would arrive in time to catch the plane. 5. 听说她生了一个如此大的男婴，我们都感到非常惊讶。（give birth to） We were amazed to hear that she had given birth to such a large baby boy. 6. 我经常感到疑惑，为什么有些家长允许自己的孩子观看暴力影片。（wonder; allow） I often wonder why some parents allow their children to watch violent movies. 7. 宇航员能否浮起来要看引力是否足够小。(whether; depend on) Whether the astronaut can float depends on whether the force of gravity is small enough. 8. 根据被广泛接受的原理, 宇宙起源于大爆炸. (according to, accept, begin with) According to the widely accepted theory, the universe began with a “Big Bang”. 9. 水将对生命发展有关键作用在当时并不明显。(it was…that…; is to; fundamental) . It was not obvious that water was to be fundamental to the development of life. 10. 我们离月亮太远，感受不到它的引力。(too…to…; pull) We?re too far from the moon to feel its pull.
Module 3 Unit 5 1. 外面的噪音不断，我无法安下心来学习。(settle down) With so much noise outside, I couldn?t settle down to study. 2. 这个 6 岁的小孩有讲故事的天赋。(have a gift for) This 6-year-old boy has a gift for telling stories. 3. 与其一路乘飞机，他们决定从东海岸坐火车到西海岸。(rather than, all they way) Rather than take the plane all the way, they decided to take the train from the east coast to the west coast. 4. 首相证实了他将举行去温哥华的消息。 (confirm, leave for) The Prime Minister confirmed the news that he would leave for Vancouver. 5. 想到能看到明星，她们很兴奋。(the thought that, catch sight of) The thought that they could catch sight of the star was exciting. 6. 站在塔顶上，我仍能看到远处的山 ( in the distance) Standing at the top of the tower, I could see the mountains in the distance. 7. 向东一直走，你会经过上千个湖泊和大城市。(eastward; as well as) Going eastward, you?ll pass thousands of lakes as well as many large cities. 8. 加拿大的淡水比世界上任何其他国家都多。(more…than any other…) Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world. 9. 这男孩能走到俄罗斯那么远真令人惊讶。(manage, as far as) It?s amazing that the boy managed to go as far as Russia. 10. 他们直到穿过了山谷才看到美丽的景色。(not…until…; go through) They didn?t see the great scenery until they went through the valley.
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Module 4 Unit 1 1. 他不需要很多钱，并且很乐于过着简单的生活。（lead a … life） He doesn?t need much money and is happy to lead a simple life. 2. 四代同堂是中国一个值得骄傲的传统习俗。（tradition, generation） It is a proud tradition in China to have four generations living under one roof. 3. 老师在讲台前不用看就可以知道哪个学生表现不好。（without doing, behave） Without looking up from her desk the teacher knew which student was behaving badly. 4. 如果我们一定要按时完成的话，我们就必须坚持工作。（carry on） We must carry on working if we are to finish on time. 5. 老师的话促使我比以前更努力工作。（inspire） My teacher?s words inspired me to work harder than ever before. 6. 保护环境是首要考虑的问题。（consideration） Protecting environment is everyone?s prime consideration. 7. 直到回到家我才发现我把钥匙留在办公室了。（only+状语倒装） I realized I had left my keys at work only after returning home. 8. 听取老师的意见，我在英语学习上取得了快速进步。（V+ing 作状语） By following the teacher?s advice I was able to quickly improve my English. 9. 他离开公司创办了自己的企业。(of one?s own) He left the company to start a business of his own. 10. 这些书是为了 6 岁以下的儿童设计的。(intend for) These books are intended for the children under 6.
Module 4 Unit 2 1. 多亏了每一个人的辛勤努力，表演取得了巨大的成功。(thanks to) Thanks to everyone?s hard work, the performance was a great success. 2. 吉姆悄悄溜进房间，没有打扰父母。（without disturbing） Jim slipped into the room without disturbing his parents. 3. 我宁愿为理想奋斗，不愿意放弃而他日后悔。(would rather…than; struggle for) I would rather struggle for my dream than give it up and regret it later in my life. 4. 美国总统来华访问，希望改善两国之间的关系。(with the hope of…) The president of the USA paid a visit to China with the hope of improving the relationship between the two countries. 5. 正是那个司机的粗心导致了这场车祸。( lead to, 用强调句) It was the driver?s carelessness that led to the car accident. 6. 在经历了多年的奋斗之后，他们建立起了自己的公司并变得富有。 After many years of struggle, they were able to build up their business and become rich.
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7．我们很懊恼，因为她拒绝告诉我们她周末都干什么了。(annoyed; what＋从句) We were annoyed because she refused to tell us what she did over the weekend. 8. 我们都希望使世界不再有战争。（rid…of…） We all hope that we will rid the world of wars. 9.接受适当的教育使你具备就业的能力。(equip sb for sth) Proper education will equip one for a job. 10. 这座楼是那座楼的五倍高。（用倍数句型） This building is five times as high as that one. This building is five times the height of that one. This building is four times higher than that one.
Module 4 Unit 3 1. 过去他们很贫困，根本谈不上度假。( too…to…, badly off ) In the past, they were too badly off to afford a holiday. 2. 在老师的帮助下，我终于克服了困难。(overcome) I was able to overcome the problem with the help of my teacher. 3. 他是一个很有趣的男孩，经常用他的笑话带给我们许多欢乐。(entertain sb. with sth.) He is a very funny boy and often entertains us with his jokes. 4. 我对一切记忆犹新，好像是昨天发生的。( as if…) . I remember everything as if it happened yesterday. 5 许多北京残奥会的故事非常感人，很多人都感动得流泪。(现在分词作表语，过去分词做 表语) Stories from the Beijing Paralympics were so touching that many people were moved to tears. 6. 我觉得很奇怪他如此少睡眠却能够如此努力工作。 （find it (形式宾语) + adj. + that 引导的 宾语从句，with） I find it strange that he is able to work so hard with so little sleep. 7.人们经常不满足于自己拥有的东西。（be content with） People are often not content with what they have. 8. 因为地震，我们断水了。(cut off) Our water supply has been cut off because of the earthquake. 9 周恩来作为一位能够全心全意为国家服务的领导而被人们爱戴和记住了。（ be loved / remembered as…who…） Zhou Enlai is loved and remembered as a great leader who could serve his country heart and soul. 10.当我们从电影院回来， 我们发现灯亮着而门关着。 （ find sth +现在分词/过去分词作宾补） When we got back from the cinema, we found the lamp burning but the door shut.
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Module 4 Unit 4 1.如果有必要, 我们可以更改旅行日期.(省略句) If (it is) necessary, we can change the dates of our trip. 2 那不是一件好事; 相反, 是个巨大的错误.(on the contrary) It wasn?t a good thing; on the contrary, it was a huge mistake. 3. 他在会议上一句话也没说.(倒装句) Not a single word did he say at the meeting. 4. 他一出家门, 天就开始下雨.(no sooner…than) No sooner had he left home than it began to rain. 5. 拥抱你的老板或老师很可能是不妥当的.(it?s probably not a good idea to ….) It is probably not a good idea to give a hug to a boss or teacher. 6.这个女孩这么早结婚真是一件令人惊讶的事.(it?s surprising that…) It?s really a surprising thing that the girl marries so early. 7.他和他哥哥一起来了.(as well as) He came as well as his elder brother. 8. 他对功课的态度不端正.(have a bad attitude towards) He has a bad attitude towards his schoolwork. 9. 不注视正在同你说话的人是不礼貌的.(look away from) It?s bad manners to look away from the person who is speaking to you. 10. 他们对家庭中的长辈非常尊敬.(be respectful to) They are very respectful to their elderly family members. Module 4 Unit 5 1. 不论你给我看哪一个, 我都没有足够的钱买.(状语从句) 1. Whichever you showed me, I didn?t have enough money to buy. 2. 他工作一直很努力; 难怪他又加了薪.(it is no wonder that…) 2. He had been working hard; (it is) no wonder that he got a rise again. 3. 用老式方法烹调的这道菜使我想起了我妈妈.(in a …way) 3. The dish cooked in the old-fashioned way reminds me of my mother. 4. 美国的报纸除了要提供信息, 还试图娱乐大众.(as well as) 4. American newspapers try to entertain as well as give information. 5.他在这住了很长时间了, 所有他对这很熟悉.(be familiar with) 5. He has lived here for a long time so he is familiar with the place. 6.成立这个组织是为了保护濒危物种免予灭绝.(Preserve…from…) 6. The organization was set up to preserve endangered species from extinction. 7. 这个铁路系统是参照其他国家的成功规划建立起来的.(be modeled after) 7. The railway system was modeled after the successful plan used in other countries. 8.目前, 只有极少数的同学对政治感兴趣.( a minority of) 8. Only a small minority of students are interested in politics these days. 9. 极少数房子从地震中保存了下来.(survive from)
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9. Few houses survived (from) the earthquake. 10.他必须努力工作来养家糊口.(provide …for…) 10. He has to work hard to provide food and clothes for his family. Module 5 Unit 1 1. 看起来一些自然灾害应归咎于全球变暖。(seem; be to blame for ) 1. It seems that global warming could be to blame for some natural disasters. 2. 专家提出的计划得到了政府的认可。(put forward) 2. The project put forward by experts has been accepted by the government. 3. 只有愿意发挥想象，你才能读得进这本书。(only if…be willing to; be absorbed in) 3. Only if you are willing to use your imagination will you be able to become absorbed in this book. 4. 每次我听见这首歌，我总会回想起自己的童年。（every time） 4. Every time I hear this song, I think of my childhood. 5. 除了作为一种有趣而且有益的运动外，游泳还是一项很有用的技能。(apart from) 5. Apart from being fun and good exercise, swimming is also a very useful skill. Module 5 Unit 2 1. 这个博物馆的收藏品包括全世界的历史瑰宝。(consist of) 1. The collections of the museum consist of historical treasures from all over the world. 2. 值得称赞的是，史密斯先生愿意无私帮助我们完成计划。(to one?s credit) 2. To his credit, Mr. Smith selflessly offered to help us with the project. 3. 为了图方便, 我把参考书放在书桌附近。（for convenience） 3. I keep my reference books near my desk for convenience. 4. 她在单词“because”一词中漏掉了一个字母 e。(leave out) 4. She left out an “e” in ?because?. 5. 很遗憾我不能阐明我的立场。(it?s a pity…clarify) 5. It?s a pity that I cannot clarify my position. Module 5 Unit 3 1. 我为占用了老师那么多时间而向她道歉。(take up) 1. I apologized to my teacher for taking up so much of her time. 2. 出生于北京的一个工人家庭，她 5 岁就开始打乒乓球。（过去分词作状语） 2. Born into a worker?s family in Beijing, she began to play table tennis at the age of five. 3. 我们应该乐观向上，永远对生活保持一种积极的态度。(be optimistic) 3. We should be optimistic and always keep a positive attitude towards life. 4. 在一天辛苦工作之后，Mrs. Jones 感到筋疲力尽，她上楼时好像一名迟暮的老人。 （so … that …; as if） 4. After a day?s hard work, Mrs. Jones was so exhausted that she climbed the stairs as if she were an old woman. 5. In the future, we hope we can develop a system where waste can be recycled in an environmentally friendly way.
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Module 5 Unit 4 1. 只有当你经历了真正的磨难后, 你才知道幸福的可贵。(only if) 1. Only if you experience real hardship will you be able to value happiness. 2. 只有专心工作才能进步。 (concentrate on…) 2. One must concentrate on his work in order to make progress. 3. 你不要指望他能准时到达，目前我们也只有等了。( meanwhile, depend on) 3. You can never depend on his arriving on time, so in the meanwhile we can do nothing but wait. 4. 所有的申请表必须如期收回，以确保万无一失。(so as to，before the deadline) 4. All the application forms should be sent back before the deadline so as to be sure of success. 5. 她指责比尔对她说谎，但这无法让其他人相信。( accuse sb. of, convince sb. of) 5. She accused Bill of lying to her, but failed to convince others of it. Module 5 Unit 5 1. 在某人受伤时，懂得急救知识能发挥重要的作用。(It is … that; a knowledge of; make a difference)1. It is a knowledge of first aid that can make a real difference when someone is hurt. 2. 为了阻止火灾蔓延，你应当中断电源。 (cut off; prevent from) 2. You should cut off the electricity supply to prevent the fire from spreading. 3. 这个公司为顾客提供各式服务。 ( provide sth for sb ; a variety of) 3. This company provides a variety of services for its customers. 4. 除非你用一块不会粘着皮肤的干净绷带，否则你的伤口会受感染。(get +p.p. ; unless; stick to)4. Your wound may get infected unless you use a clean bandage that will not stick to the skin. 5. 他很感激我为他做的一切并把我当最好的朋友对待。(be grateful to; treat) 5. He was very grateful to me for what I had done for him and treated me as his best friend. Description of a person: 1. 他有许多爱好， 如打篮球， 读小说， 唱英语歌曲， 集邮， 他最喜欢收集邮票。 （介词+which 引导的定语从句）1. He has many hobbies, such as playing basketball, reading novels, singing English songs and collecting stamps, among which collecting stamps is his favourite. 2. 1930 出生于一个贫穷的农民家庭，袁博士于 1953 年毕业于西南农业大学。（过去分词作 状语）2. Born into a poor farmer?s family in 1930, Dr Yuan graduated from Southwest Agricultural College in 1953. 3. 带着巨大的决心和坚持，他花了 37 年来写这本书，对中国作出了很大的贡献。（with+ 品质/外貌，which 引导的非限制性定语从句） 3. With great determination and perseverance, he spent 37 years in writing the book, which has made a great contribution to China. 4. 人 们 热 爱 并 怀 念 这 位 伟 大 的 演 员 ， 因 为 他 鼓 舞 人 们 并 增 强 他 们 的 信 心 。 （ be + loved/respected as …+ who 引导的定语从句） 4. He is loved and remembered as a great actor who could inspire people with his incredible confidence.
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5. 刘璇，著名中国体操运动员，在体操馆中度过了她的童年。（同位语结构） 5. Liu Xuan, a famous Chinese gymnast, spent her childhood in the gymnasium. Description of a journey: 1． 三个男孩花了整整一周游遍了伦敦，英国最著名的历史文化之城。(It takes some time to do sth.)1. It took the three boys a whole week to tour London, the most famous historical and cultural city in the United Kingdom.
2．这是我第一次出国旅行，真是大开眼界。(It is the first time that …) 2. It was the first time that I had traveled abroad and it really broadened my horizons. 3．上午我们参观了植物园，那里有各色各样的我从未见过的植物。(Which 引导的非限制定 语从句, a variety of )3. In the morning we visited the botanical garden, which had a variety of plants I had never seen before. 4．最让我感兴趣的是礼品店，那里售卖各种纪念品。(What 引导的主语从句及 where 引导 的非限制定语从句)4. What interested me most was the gift shop, where all kinds of souvenirs were sold. 5．我们在当地餐馆享受传统的法国美食，以此结束一天的行程。（finish sth. by doing …） 5. We finished the day?s journey by enjoying traditional French food in a local restaurant. Wildlife protection: 1. 政府必须立即采取强力措施保护濒临灭绝的野生动物。(take measures, endanger) 1. The government should take immediate and strong measures to protect endangered wildlife. 2. 通过她不懈的努力野生动物保护在社会上得到的关注。 (pay attention to, wildlife protection) 2. Through her constant efforts, wildlife protection was paid great attention to by society. 3. 科学家们已经提出几种措施，他们希望这些措施可以防止熊猫灭绝。(suggest, die out) 3. The scientists have suggested several measures that they hope will prevent the endangered Panda from dying out. 4. 毕竟，一种动物的灭绝造成的损失不是土地或金钱的损失能比拟的。(after all, loss) 4. After all, the loss of even one animal is far more serious than that of land or money. 5. 她决定申请许可 （grant [countable n.]） 以调查这个物种现在受到影响的程度。 (apply for, 现 在进行时被动语态)5. She decided to apply for a grant to study how the species was being affected.
Healthy eating: 1. 最近他显得很健康，因为他的新饮食给他提供了均衡的能量和营养。(provide, balance) 1. These days he looks very healthy because his new diet provides him with the right balance of energy and nutrition. 2.医生告诉他，除非他少吃垃圾食物，他最终会得心脏病。 (cut down on) 2. The doctor told him that unless he cut down on his consumption of junk food he would eventually have a heart attack. 3. 这饮食的优点是能提供大量的能量，缺点是包含了太多的脂肪和糖分。 (diet, strength, weakness)3. The strength of this diet is that it provides us with a lot of energy, but its weakness
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is that it contains too much fat and sugar.
4. 医生现在都认为偶尔喝点酒有利于身体健康。(benefit) 4. Doctors now believe that occasionally drinking a little wine may benefit our health. 5. 人们认为饭后散步有助消化。(digest) 5. It is believed that taking a walk after meals helps people digest their food.
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