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Level 5 wordlist 12 3 12


unit 8 6 8 9 1 11 8 12

English word a touch abandon abbreviation aboard Aborigine abroad absolute absurd

n, v, adj, adv, prep, phonetic script conj phrase v n adv n adv adj adj ? t?t? ??b?n.d?n ??bri?.vi?e?.??n ??b??d ??b.??r?d?.?n.i ??br??d ??b.s??lu?t ?b?z??d ??bju?z ??k.??dem.?k ?k?sep.t?.b?l ??k.ses ?k?ses.?.b?l ??k?m.p?.ni ??k.j??ze?.??n ??kju?z ??t?i?v.m?nt ??kwa??? ??k.t?.ve?t ??k.t?v.li ??k.t?.v?st

Welcome abuse Welcome academic

v n

4

acceptable

adj

10 12 8

access accessible accompany

n adj v

4 7

accusation accuse

n v

6 7 6 9

achievement acquire activate actively

n v v adv

11

activist

n

2 5

actual ad

adj n n v v

??k.t?u.?l ?d ??d?kt ??dres ?d?m?n.?.st?? ?d?m?n.??stre?.??n ?d?ma??? ?d?m?t d??fi?t ??d?pt

Welcome addict 2 1 address administer

5

administration

n

10

admire

v

8

admit defeat

phrase

6

adopt

v

9 12 14 5

adrenaline adult advance advanced

n n n adj n n

??dren.?l.?n ??d.?lt ?d?vɑ?nts ?d?vɑ?ntst ?d?ven.t??r.?? ?d?v??t ?d?va?z i?s?θet.?k ??fe?? ??fek.??n ??f??.d?.b?l ?e?.d??nt.si ??d?en.d? ??ɡre?.?n ??ɡres.?v ??d?.?.te?.t?d

Welcome adventurer 2 advert

9 12

advise aesthetic

v adj

4 6 12 5 2

affair affection affordable agency agenda

n n adj n n

7 9 6

aggression aggressive agitated

n adj adj

13 6 5 6 1

aid air conditioner airline alarm Alaska

v n n n n

e?d ?e?.k?n?d??.?n.?? ?e?.la?n ??lɑ?m ??l?s.k? ??l??t ?l?d???.ri.? ?k??.n?? ??l ?n ??l ??led?.?d.li

6 4

alert Algeria

v n

Welcome all corners of the worldphrase Welcome all in all 1 allegedly phrase adv

1

alligator

n

??l.?.ɡe?.t?? ???l.?m?p??.t?nt ???l.t?? ??m.b?? ?m?ni?.zi.? ?m?f?b.i.?n ??mju?zd ??n.?l.a?z ??n.?.m?l test.?? ??na?nts ??n.ju.?l ??nt.θ?m ??n.t?.d??t

2

all-important

adj

6

alter

v

11 7

amber amnesia

n n

6 7 2 14

amphibian amused analyse animal testing

n adj v n v adj

Welcome annce Welcome annual

3 1

anthem antidote

n n

4

anxiety

n

???za?.?.ti ??p?l.?.d?i ??p??l ??p??.l?? ??p??.r?nts ??pen.d?ks ??p.l??ke?.??n ??pri?.?i.e?t

2 2 12 7

apology appal appalling appearance

n v adj n

10 5 3

appendix application appreciate

n n v

4 4 13

approach Arabic archaeological

n n adj

??pr??t? ??r.?.b?k ?ɑ?.ki.??l?d?.?.k?l ?ɑ?ɡ.ju? ??ra?z ɑ?md f??s?z ??rest ɑ?t ?ɡ?l.?r.i ?ɑ?.t?.f?kt ?ɑ?.t??f??.?l ?z fɑ?? ?z ?s?m.w?n ?z k?n?s??nd ???e?md ??se?.l?nt ??s?s.?.ne?t ??s??.t?v.li ??ses

1 1 11

argue arise armed forces

v v plural n

Welcome arrest

v

10

art gallery

n

13 10

artefact

n adj adj adj n v

artificial as far as sb is Welcome concerned 12 4 8 ashamed assailant assassinate

14 9

assertively assess

adv v

2

assistant

n

??s?s.t?nt ??sju?m ??s?mp.??n ???????d.li ?t ?f??st sa?t ?t li?st ?t ?le?.?? ??tempt ??tend ??tr?kt ??tr?k.t?v ???d??.?n

3 6

assume assumption

v n

9

assuredly

adv phrase idiom n v v

Welcome at first sight Welcome at least 11 at leisure 6 attempt

Welcome attend

8 13

attract attractive

v adj

2

audition

v

14 2 4

auxiliary available award

n adj v

??ɡ?z?l.i.?r.i ??ve?.l?.b?l ??w??d

12 5 7 6 6 14 10

awareness awesome bachelor backyard baffle Bali ballerina

n adj n n v n n

??we?.n?s ???.s?m ?b?t?.?l.?? ?b?k?jɑ?d ?b?f.?l ?bɑ?.li ?b?l.?r?i?.n? ?b??l.r?m ?dɑ?nts.?? b? n

10

ballroom dancing

n

4

ban

v

14

ban

n

b? n ?b?n.?? bɑ?? ?b?r.?l ?bɑ?.t?? be?s ?n

5 4

banner bar

n n

Welcome barrel 8 1 barter base on

n v phrasal v

4 5

baseball basis

n n

?be?s.b??l ?be?.s?s

4 6 4 2

basketball bat baton be a disgrace

n n n phrase phrase v

?bɑ?.sk?t.b??l b? t ?b?t.?n b? ? d?s?ɡre?s b? w??θ bi?m be?? e? r??zem.bl?nts tu ? be?? w?? ?ben.?.f?t b??sa?dz ?best?sel.?? bet b??tre?.?l bi??nd ?? ɡre?v ?b?l.b??d

Welcome be worth 14 1 beam

bear a resemblance to phrase

14 11 11 7

bear with benefit besides bestseller

phrasal v n adv n

3 7 1

bet betrayal beyond the grave

phrase n idiom

5

billboard

n

7 10 1 6

biography biological biologist bird bath

n adj n n

ba???ɡ.r?.fi ?ba?.??l?d?.?.k?l ba???l.?.d??st b??d bɑ?θ b??θ s??t?f.?.ke?t b?ts ?nd pi?s.?z ?b?t?.li ?b?t.??.te?st.?? b??zɑ?li bl??k bli?t bles.?? ?bl?z.?d bl?k bl?? ?t b??lt bu? bu?st ?b??.?? ba?nd ?b??.frend bre?n sk?n br? nd br?nd nju? ?br?n.d?? ?bre?k a?t bre?k ?? nju?z ?bri?d.?? ɡra?nd

7 13 4 9 14 9 6 12 9 9 4 6 4

birth certificate bits and pieces bitterly bitter-tasting bizarrely blank bleat blessing blizzard block blow it bolt boo

n plural n adv adj adv adj v n n n idiom v v

12 boost Welcome bother 11 14 14 5 3 5 bound boyfriend brain scan brand brand new brandish

n v adj n n n adj v phrasal v

Welcome break out

2 6

break the news breeding ground

phrase n

3 4

brighten (up) bubble

v n adj n n

?bra?.t?n ?p ?b?b.?l ?b?b.?l.i ?b?d.i ?b?f.?l.?? ?b?l.d?ɡ ?b?l.?t p??nt ?ba?.?? ba? w??d ?v ma?? ?k?f.i?n k??l ra?nd k? mp k?m?pe?n.?? ?k?n.d?.d?t k??nu? kɑ?nt we?t ?k?p.?.t?l.a?z ?n ?k?p.??t?i?.n?? ?k?p.t??? ?k?p.t???

Welcome bubbly 2 3 buddy buffalo

6 8 11 1

bulldog bullet point buyer by word of mouth

n n n adv

9 13 13

caffeine call round camp

n phrasal v n

10 2

campaigner candidate

n n

7 11

canoe can't wait

n idiom

2

capitalise on

phrasal v

5

cappuccino

n

13

capture

n

Welcome capture

v

8 10

caravan cardboard box

n n

?k?r.?.v?n ?kɑ?d.b??d b?ks ?ke?.f?l

4

careful

adj

13 2

cargo carry on

n phrasal v

?kɑ?.ɡ?? ?k?r.i ?n k?? kɑ?d k?????? ?kɑ?.st?.we? ?k??.ju.?l ?k??.ju.?l.ti ?k?t?.i ?ke?.t?? f??? ?k??.??n.?r.i ?k??.??s.li ?sen.tr?l ?sen.t??f??.w?d ?si?.i???? ?ser.?.br?l ?ser.?.m?.ni

3 3

cash card cashier

n n

8 2 7 6 9 1 14

castaway casual casualty catchy cater for cautionary cautiously

n adj n adj v adj adv adj

Welcome central

4 2 14

centre forward CEO cerebral

n n adj

1

ceremony

n

6 6

chain charge

n v

t?e?n t?ɑ?d? t?ɑ?ts ?t??k.?n t?i?f ???f.?n t???wɑ?.w? ?t??l.i t??l a?t t??n

12

charts

plural n

12 3 10 6 11 9 14

chicken chief chiffon chihuahua Chile chill out chin

n adj n n n phrasal v n

10 6

chip choppy

n adj

t??p ?t??p.i ?s??.kj?.le?t ?s??.k?m.st?nts

1 1

circulate circumstance

v n

3 7 1 9 6

citizen civilian claim sb's life clammy classroom

n n idiom adj n

?s?t.?.z?n s??v?l.i.?n kle?m la?f ?kl?m.i ?klɑ?s.r?m kl??? kl??.li kl?k ?kla?.m?t ?kl?n.?k kl??s.li ?k?k.r??t? k??d k?ɡ?n??.?n ?k?ɡ.n?.t?v k??n k????nt.s?.d?nts ?k?l.i?ɡ k??la?d

10 5

clear clearly

v adv

2

click

v

1

climate

n

9 4 1

clinic closely cockroach

n adv n

7 2 14 13

code cognition cognitive coin

v n adj n

13 2 4

coincidence colleague collide

n n v

3 1

colloquial colony

adj n phrasal v n n adj adv

k??l??.kwi.?l ?k?l.?.ni k?m ??kr?s ?k?mp.f?t ?k?m.?k k??m??.??l ?k?m.?nli k?m?p?n.j?n k?m?pi?t k?m?pet.?.t?v k?m?ple?nt ?k?m.pl?.ment ?k?m.pleks

Welcome come across 12 3 4 1 comfort comic commercial commonly

9 4 4

companion compete competitive

n v adj

2 10 5

complaint complement complex

n v adj

7

complication

n

?k?m.pl??ke?.??n ?k?m.pl?.ment ?k?m.p??z??.?n ?k?m.pr?.ma?z k?m?p?l.??n ?k?nt.s?n.tre?t k?n?s??nd k?n?klu?.??n k?n?dem k?n?d??.?n k?n?d?kt

12 14

compliment composition

n n

Welcome compromise 1 7 11 compulsion concentrate concerned

n n v adj

2

conclusion

n

12 11

condemn condition

v n

2

conduct

v

1

conference

n v

?k?n.f?r.?nts k?n?fes ?k?n.f?.d?nts ?k?n.f?.d?nt

Welcome confess

12

confidence

n adj

Welcome confident

14

confirm

v n

k?n?f??m k?n?fl?kt k?n?fr?nt k?n?fju?.z?? k?n?ɡr?t?.?.le?t ?k?n.t??s ?k?n.t??sli k?n?sent ?k?nt.s??ve?.??n.?st k?n?s?s.t?nt k?n?sp?r.?.si ?k?nt.st?nt ?k?nt.st?nt.li

Welcome conflict

11

confront

v

12

confusing

adj

3 7 5 13

congratulate conscious consciously consent

v adj adv n n adj n adj adv

Welcome conservationist 5 4 3 12 consistent conspiracy constant constantly

3 3

constitution construct

n v

?k?nt.st??t?u?.??n k?n?str?kt k?n?sju?m k?n?sju?.m?? k?n?t?m.??ne?.??n

8 8

consume consumer

v n

1

contamination

n

1 7

contemporary contestant

adj n

k?n?tem.p?r.?r.i k?n?tes.t?nt ?k?n.tekst k?n?t?n.ju.?sli

13 10

context continuously

n adv

1 10 10 11

contradict contrast contrasting contribute to

v n adj v

?k?n.tr??d?kt k?n?trɑ?st k?n?trɑ?s.t?? k?n?tr?b.ju?t tu? ?k?n.tr??bju?.??n k?n?tr??l ?k?n.tr??v??.??l ?k?n.tr?.v??.si ?k?n.v??se?.??n.?l k?n?v?k.??n k?n?v?ntst k?n?v?nt?.s?? ku?li k????p.?r.e?t k??p ?k?p.i

13 14 14

contribution control controversial

n v adj

Welcome controversy 13 conversational

n adj

13 6 1

conviction convinced convincing

n adj adj

4

coolly

adv

12 9

cooperate cope

v v

5

copy

n

6

copy

v

?k?p.i ?k?r.?l

11

coral

n

2

corporation

n

?k??.p?r?e?.??n ?k?r.??le?.??n k??r?p.??n

2

correlation

n

12

corruption

n

12

cosmetic surgery

n

k?z?met.?k ?s??.d??r.i ?k?s.t?u?m ku?t? k?f ?ka?nt.s?l.?? ?k?p.?l ?k?r.?d?

10 6 14 12

costume couch cough counselling

n n v n

Welcome couple

n

6

courage

n

4 5

cover up covering letter

n n

?k?v.?r ?p ?k?v?r.?? ?let.?? ?ka?.b?? ?kri?.e??t?v.?.ti ?kred.?t w?? ?kra?.ki ?kra?.s?s ?kr?t.?.k?l ?kr?t.?.sa?z ?kr?t.?.s?.z?m kr??k kr?k

1 10

cowboy creativity

n n phrasal v excl

6 credit sb with Welcome crikey

3 10 14 10 6

crisis critical criticise criticism croak

n adj v n v

Welcome croc

n

1 6

crop up crow

phrasal v v n adj n v n adj phrasal v

kr?p ?p kr?? kra?d kra?.d?d ?kru?.?l.ti kr?? kj??? ?kj??.ri.?s k??l ?p

Welcome crowd 13 crowded 14 7 4 3 6 cruelty crush cure curious curl up

5

CV

n

?si??vi?

10

cybernetics

n

?sa?.b??net.?ks ?sa?.b?.spe?s ?sa?.k?l d? mp ?de?n.d??? d??

1

cyberspace

n

6 9 6 3

cycle damp danger dash

n adj n v

13

data

n

?de?.t? ?de?.t?.be?s ?ded.la?n ?ded.li de?θ s??t?f.?.ke?t de?θ ?pen.?l.ti d??be?.t?.b?l det

13

database

n n adj n n adj n

9 deadline Welcome deadly 7 3 6 death certificate death penalty debatable

Welcome debt

12 7

debut deceit

adj n

?de?.bju? d??si?t d??si?v ?di?.s?nt d??sep.??n ?dek.l??re?.??n d??kle?? ?de?.k??? ?ded.?.ke?t ?ded.?ke?.t?d ?ded.??ke?.??n d??fents d??fend d??fen.d?? d??fa?n ?def.?.n?t.li

7 7 7

deceive decent deception

v adj n

3 3 8 1 5 5

declaration declare decor dedicate dedicated dedication

n v n v adj n

14 7

defence defend

n v

14

defender

n

7

define

v adv

Welcome definitely

7

defraud

v

d??fr??d d??ɡri? d??le?d d??mɑ?n.d??

8

degree

n

11 3

delayed demanding

adj adj

3

democracy

n

d??m?k.r?.si ?dem.?n?stre?.??n

4

demonstration

n

Welcome denial 14 depart 10 3 4 8 depressed depression descent desert island

n v adj n n n

d??na?.?l d??pɑ?t d??prest d??pre?.?n d??sent ?dez.?t ?a?.l?nd d??z??v d??za??.r?.b?l d??za??? d??spe?? ?des.p?r.?t ?des.p?r.?tli d??spa?z ?des.t??ne?.??n d??str?k.??n ?di?.te?l d??tekt d??tek.??n d??t??.m??ne?.??n d??v??t tu? ?da?.?ɡ.n??z ?da?.?ɡ?n??.s?s ?d?f.?? ?d?d?.?.t?l ?k?m.r? ?d?ɡ.n?.t?r.i d??lem.?

4 11 5

deserve desirable desire

v adj n

8 9 10

despair desperate desperately

n adj adv

5 11

despise destination

v n

8

destruction

n

8

detail

v

6 13 4

detect detection determination

v n n

3 1 2 1 2 3 1

devote to diagnose diagnosis differ digital camera dignitary dilemma

phrasal v v n v n n n

6 6

dilute dining table

v n

da??lu?t ?da?n.?? ?te?.b?l ?d?s.??pru?.v?l ?d?s.??s??.si.e?t

6

disapproval

n v

Welcome disassociate

7 9

discipline disgust

n n

?d?s.?.pl?n d?s?ɡ?st ?d?s.??lu?.??nd d??sme?d d??s??.ɡ?.na?zd d??sple? d??swe?d d??strest

8 2 2 13 9 6

disillusioned dismayed disorganised display dissuade distressed

adj adj adj v v adj

6 2 4

ditch dither dive

n v n

d?t? ?d??.?? da?v d??va?d da?.v?? ?di??d?e? ?d?k.j?.ment ?d?k.j?.ment ?du??ɡ?d.?? d??m?n.?.k?n r??p?b.l?k ?d??.step ?d?z.?n dr??

14 13

divide diving

v n

10 3 7

dj document document

v v n

Welcome do-gooder 8 6 13 4 Dominican Republic doorstep dozen draw

n n n n n

3 10 10 10 6

draw (money) out dress drift driving drop

phrasal v v v adj n

dr?? a?t dres dr?ft ?dra?.v?? dr?p dr?p ?f dra?n dra?n a?t dra? ?p d?mp d?sk ?d?u?.ti?fri? da??n?m.?k ???.li ?w??n.?? ?s?s.t?m ??n j??? l?v.?? ?eb.?n.i ?i?.b?k ?i?.k??n?m.?k ?i?.k??n?m.?k.?l i?k?n.?.mi ?ed.?.t?? ?ed?.??ke?.??n ??fek.t?v ?i?.ɡ?? ?i?.ɡ???t?s.t?k?l

7 10 6 9

drop off drown drown out dry up

phrasal v v phrasal v phrasal v

10 3

dump dusk

v n

4 5

duty-free dynamic

adj adj

6 3 11 4

early-warning system n earn your living phrase ebony e-book n n

3 3 3 2

economic economical economy editor

adj adj n n

Welcome education 2 effective

n adj

12

ego

n adj

Welcome egotistical

4 3

elaborate election

adj n

i?l?b.?r.?t i?lek.??n ?el.?k?tr?s.?.ti i?lek.tr??d ?el.ek?tr?n.?k.li ?el.?.ɡ?nts ?el.?.ɡ?nt ?el.?.m?nt i?l?p.s?s ?m?bed ??m??d? ??m??.??n ?em.p?.θa?z ?em.p?.θi ?emp.f?.sa?z ?m?f?t.?k ?m?pl??.i? ??ne?.b?l ?n?ka?n.t?? ?n?k?r.?d? ?n?k?r.?d?.m?nt end r??z?lt ?n?de?n.d??d ?spi?.?i?z ?en.?.mi

8 14 1 13 11 5

electricity electrode electronically elegance elegant element

n n adv n adj n

13 1

ellipsis embed

n v

6 5 14

emerge emotion empathise

v n v

14

empathy

n

12

emphasise

v

14

emphatic

adj

7 8 3 9

employee enable encounter encourage

n v v v n n plural n

Welcome encouragement 13 end result Welcome endangered species

7

enemy

n

7 3 5 12 12 10 11 12

energetic enrol ensure entertaining entice entirely entitle envious

adj v v adj v adv v adj

?en.??d?et.?k ?n?r??l ?n????? ?en.t??te?n.?? ?n?ta?s ?n?ta??.li ?n?ta?.t?l ?en.vi.?s ?n?va??.r?n.m?nt ?n?va??.r?n?men.t?l ?ep.?k ?i?.kw?.la?.z?? ??kw?p ??r?t.?kli ?er.?? ?es.pi.?.nɑ?? es?e?

5 11 11 4 8

environment environmental epic equaliser equip

n adj adj n v adv n

6 erratically Welcome error

7

espionage

n

Welcome essay

n

7 6 8

estate agent estimate ethical

n v adj

??ste?t ?e?.d??nt ?es.t?.me?t ?eθ.?k?l ??v?k.ju?e?.??n ?ev.ri na? ?nd ??ɡen ?i?.v??lu?.??n ?eks.k??ve?.??n ?k?sep.??n.?l ?k?ses

6 9 9

evacuation every now and again evolution

n phrase n

13 6 9

excavation exceptional excess

n adj adj

9 14 11 9

excessively exchange exhaust fumes exhaustion

adv n plural n n

?k?ses.?v.li ?ks?t?e?nd? ?ɡ?z??st fju?mz ?ɡ?z??s.t??n ?ɡ?z?b.?t ?ɡ?z?t.?k ?ek.spek?te?.??n ?k?sp??.ri.?ntst ?k?spl??.s?v ?k?sp??z tu? ?k?stend.?d ?k?stent.s?v ?k?st??.n?l ?k?str??.d?n.?r.i ?a?.l?d ?a????.p?n.?? fe?s ?fe?.??l ?f?k.t?u.?l f??l da?n ?f??l a?t f??l θru? f??m?l.i.?? ?f?nt.si dres f?? ?fɑ?m.ha?s ?fɑ??ri?.t??? ?f??.?n ?f??.?n.?.b?l

13

exhibit

n

5 4 10 7 14 8 14 9 9 12 8 1 12

exotic expectation experienced explosive expose to extended extensive external extraordinary eyelid eye-opener face facial

adj n adj n phrasal v adj adj adj adj n n v adj adj phrasal v phrasal v phrasal v

11 factual Welcome fall down Welcome fall out 4 fall through

1

familiar

adj

4 1 6 14 13 13

fancy dress fang farmhouse far-reaching fashion fashionable

n n n adj n adj

1 1 7 4

fast food restaurant father-in-law fatigue feature

n n n v n

fɑ?st fu?d ?res.t?r.???? ?fɑ?.??r.?n.l?? f??ti?ɡ ?fi?.t??? fi? ?fi?d.b?k ?f??.ta?l ?f?k.??n ?f?d.?l ?fi?ld ?fi?ld ?v ?v??.?n ?f?ɡ.?? a?t ?f?ɡ.?? ske?t.?? f?l ?n ?f?l.?? ?fa?.n?l fa?n tju?n ?fa?n.li ?f??.ɡ?.pr?nt fa??? f??m f??m.li ?f??st e?d f?? ?f??.?.m?n f?ks

Welcome fee

12 10

feedback fertile

n adj

3 14 11 12

fiction fiddle field field of vision

n v n phrase

5 4 1 12

figure out figure skating fill in filler

phrasal v n phrasal v n

12 9 9

final fine tune finely

n v adv

13 14 12 14

fingerprint fire firm firmly

n v n adv

8 6 1 12

first aid fish fisherman fix

n v n v

6 6 6 10 3 4 6 9 6 9

flag flamingo flank flare up flat flawless flee flight flit flood

n n v n n adj v n v v v n

fl?ɡ fl??m??.ɡ?? fl??k ?fle?r ?p fl? t ?fl??.l?s fli? fla?t fl?t fl?d fl?d flu? fl?? da?n f??m ?f??.k?s f??ld fu?l ?f?t.?d? ?f?t.pr?nt f??? fri? f??? ??nt.st?nts ?f?r.?d?

Welcome flood 9 flu

1 5

flush down foam

phrase n n v n n n phrase idiom

Welcome focus 14 7 fold fool

Welcome footage 1 footprint 8 7 for free for instance

8

forage

v

7 10 9

force force forehead

v n n

f??s f??s ?f??.hed f???st??l

9

forestall

v

4 7 3

forge forge form

v v v

f??d? f??d? f??m

3

fountain

n

?fa?n.t?n

11

four-wheel drive

n n n adj phrase adv adj adj

?f??.hwi?l?dra?v fre?m fr??d fri? fri? ta?m fri?.li ?fri?.kw?nt fre? fra?n fr?s?tre?.t?d fr?s?tre?.??n ?fju?.?l f?l?f?l f?l.i ?f??k.??n f?nd ?f?n.d??men.t?l f?nd.?? ?fju?.n?r.?l ?f??.???m??? f?s

Welcome frame 7 fraud 3 free 9 8 9 9 free time freely frequent fresh

12 10

frown frustrated

n adj

4

frustration

n n v adv v n

Welcome fuel 4 7 6 7 fulfil fully function fund

10 11

fundamental funding

adj n n

Welcome funeral

11

furthermore

adv

6

fuss

v

11 2

gain games console

v n

ɡe?n ɡe?mz k?n?s??l ɡ?? ?ɡ?r.ɑ?? ɡ?s ?ɡ??.??

Welcome gang 10 6 3 garage gas gather

n n n v

14 14 9

gene gently genuine

n adv adj

d?i?n ?d?en.tli ?d?en.ju.?n

13 4 3 8

geographer get at get hold of get worse

n phrasal v idiom phrase

d?i??ɡ.r?.f?? ɡet ?t ɡet h??ld ?v ɡet w??s

12 gimmick Welcome global 8 globe

n adj n

?ɡ?m.?k ?ɡl??.b?l ɡl??b

11

global warming

n

?ɡl??.b?l w??m.?? ?ɡl?s.i ɡ?? b?k f??? m??? ɡ?? f??? ɡ?? ?t ??l??n ɡ?? tu? ɡre?t le?kθs

Welcome glossy Welcome go back for more 12 go for 8 go it alone

adj phrase phrasal v idiom idiom

Welcome go to great lengths

4 13 3 6 12 3 3 10 5 10 4 11 7 3 11 10 6 2 5

goalkeeper gold dust golden golden retriever good-looking govern grab gracefully graduate graphic design greatness Greek grieving gross grotty growth grunt guarantee guerrilla

n n adj n adj v v adj v n n adj adj v adj n v v adj

?ɡ??l?ki?.p?? ɡ??ld d?st ?ɡ??l.d?n ?ɡ??l.d?n r??tri?v?? ?ɡ?d?l?k.?? ?ɡ?v.?n ɡr?b ?ɡre?s.f?.li ?gr?d?.u.e?t ?ɡr?f.?k d??za?n ɡre?t.n?s ɡri?k ɡri?v.?? ɡr?s ?ɡr?t.i ɡr??θ ɡr?nt ?ɡ?r.?n?ti? ɡ??r?l.? ?h?b.?t ?he??dres.?? ?hɑ?f?hɑ?.t?d ?hɑ?f?ta?m h?nd ?n h?nd a?t ?h?n.d?l h?? ?h?? ?p

7

habit

n

10

hairdresser

n adj n phrasal v phrasal v v

Welcome half-hearted 4 3 half-time hand in

Welcome hand out Welcome handle

Welcome hang 1 hang up

v phrasal v

9 12 12 8

hardship harm harmless hassle

n v adj n

?hɑ?d.??p hɑ?m ?hɑ?m.l?s ?h?s.?l he?st ?he?.s?n h??l h??nt h?v ??l ?? ke?z ?v ?? w??ld ?n j??? ????l.d?z h?v ?n ?k?m.?n h??wa?.i? ?hed?ti?.t???

2

haste

n

9 9

hasten haul

v v

haunt have all the cares of the world on your Welcome shoulders 2 8 12 have in common Hawaii head teacher

1

v

phrase phrase n n

8 3

headline headquarters

n n

?hed.la?n ?hed?kw??.t?z hɑ?t ??t?k hi?t hi?.t?d ?hev.?n n??z hi?d ?ha?.t?n help a?t hents

2 8 4 6

heart attack heat heated heaven knows

n v adj phrase

6 6 13 9

heed heighten help out hence

v v phrasal v adv

13 2

heritage hesitate

n v

?her.?.t?d? ?hez.?.te?t

4 6 4

hesitation high heels high-speed

n n adj

?hez.??te?.??n ha? hi?lz ?ha??spi?d h?nt h?s h??st?r.?.k?l h??d h??.d?? ?h?n.i.mu?n h??re? h??d

6 6

hint hiss

n v

13 7 5

historical hoard hoarding

adj v n n excl n

Welcome honeymoon 3 hooray 5 horde

9 1

hormone horrific

n adj

?h??.m??n h?r??f.?k ?h?r.?? h??st ha?z ?ha?s.h??ld ne?m ?ha?z.?? h?ɡ hju?d?.li h?m hju??m?n.?.ti ?h?m.b?l ?h?m.b?l hju??m?d.?.fa?.??

1 10 13

horror host house

n n v n n

Welcome household name 11 housing

3 10 6 1 5 8 6

hug hugely hum humanity humble humble humidifier

v adv v n adj adj n

2

humiliating

adj

hju??m?l.ie?.t?? ?h?p.???kr?t.?.k?l ?ha?.p???θet.?k.?l a?s k?p ?a?s.b??ɡ a??k?n.?k a??d??l a??d??.li a??den.t?.fa? ??m?d?.??ne?.??n ??m.?.te?t ??m.??te?.??n ??m?k.j?.l?t ??mi?.di.?t ??m.?.n?nt ?m?pe?.??nts ?m?pe?.??nt ?m?per.?.t?v ??m.p??fek.??n ?m?plɑ?nt ??m.pl?.ment

Welcome hypocritical 12 hypothetical

adj adj n n

Welcome ice cap 13 iceberg

13 10 5 1 10

iconic ideal ideally identify imagination

adj adj adv v n

6

imitate

v

14 12

imitation immaculate

n adj adj adj

Welcome immediate 6 imminent

10 10

impatience impatient

n adj

8

imperative

n

12

imperfection

n

10 9

implant implement

v v

1

implication

n

??m.pl??ke?.??n ?m?pres

3

impress

v

2

impression

n

?m?pre?.?n ?m?pr?nt ?m?pru?v ?n ? ?h?r.i ?n ??ɡ.?.ni ?n t?ɑ?d? ?n ?de?n.d??? ?v ?n d??mɑ?nd ?n d??stres ?n ?fe?.v?? ?v ?n f?l vju? ?n ?hɑ?.m?.ni ?n p??t?k.j?.l?? ?n ?? bl??k ?v ??n a? ?n ?? ?d?s.t?nts ?n ?? ?f??st ple?s ?n ?? hi?t ?v ?? ?m??.m?nt ?n ?? m?dst ?v ?n ?? ne?m ?v ??n.??pr??.pri.?t ?n?sen.t?v

9 12 3 4 6

imprint improve in a hurry in agony in charge

v v phrase phrase phrase n phrase phrase phrase

Welcome in danger of sth 3 1 5 in demand in distress in favour of

1

in full view

phrase

10 1 2 6

in harmony in particular in the blink of an eye in the distance

phrase adj phrase phrase

Welcome in the first place in the heat of the moment in the midst of

phrase

4 10

idiom phrase phrase

Welcome in the name of

14

inappropriate

adj

12

incentive

n

10 12 2

incidentally income incorrect

adv n adj

??nt?.s?.d?nt.li ???.k?m ??n.k?r?ekt

1

incredibly

adv

?n?kred.?.bli ??n.d??s??.?n ??n.d??pen.d?nt ??n.d?.ke?t ??n.d??ke?.??n ??n.d??v?d?.u.?l ??n.d??v?d?.u.?l ??n.d???ni?.?? ??n?d??z ?n?d?u?s ?n?d?s.tri.?l r??le?.??nz ??n.d?.stri ??nev.?.t?.b?l ??nev.?.t?.bli ??n.f?nt ?n?fek.??n ?n?fek.??s ??n.flu.?nts ??n.fr??red ?n?d?i?.ni.?s ??n??.?l.i ??k ??n.me?t ??n.?? ???.kwest ?n?kwa??.ri

2 3

indecision independent

n adj

11 9 4

indicate indication individual

v n adj

12 12 8 9

individual Indonesia indoors induce

n n adv v plural n

Welcome industrial relations

3

industry

n

4 9 14 2

inevitable inevitably infant infection

adj adv n n

Welcome infectious 5 influence

adj v

6 5 7 13 3 10 7 7

infrared ingenious initially ink inmate inner inquest inquiry

adj adj adv n n adj n n

Welcome insecure

adj

??n.s??kj??? ??n.sa?t ?n?s?st ?n?s?m.ni.? ??nt.sp?r?e?.??n.?l ?n?spa??.r?? ??nt.st?nt ??nt.st??kt ?n?st??k.t?v ?n?st??k.t?v ?n?str?k.t?? ?n????.r?nts

6 3 9 10 10 2 6 9

insight insist insomnia inspirational inspiring instant instinct instinctive

n v n adj adj adj n adj adj n

Welcome instinctively 13 instructor

7

insurance

n

12 1

insure integral

v adj

?n????? ??n.t?.ɡr?l ??n.t?l.ekt ??n.t?l?ek.t?u.?l ?n?tend ?n?tents ?n?ten.t??n

10

intellect

n

Welcome intellectual 7 9 2 intend intense intention

adj v adj n

3 11 8 7 4

interest rate interfere interior international interval

n v adj adj n

??n.tr?st re?t ??n.t??f??? ?n?t??.ri.?? ??n.t??n??.?n.?l ??n.t?.v?l

11 5 14

intrigue introduce to introduction

v v n

?n?tri?ɡ ??n.tr??d?u?s tu? ??n.tr??d?k.??n ?n?tru?d ?n?tru?.s?v ?n?ve?d ?n?v?l.ju.?.b?l ?n?ven.t?v ?n?v??.??n ?n?ves.t?.ɡe?t ?n?v?lv.m?nt ?a?.???ju? a???r?n.?kli ??rel.?.v?nt ??r.??sp?nt.s?.b?l ???.u? ???.u? ??t?l.?ks ?t.i ?b?t.i d???

7 5

intrude intrusive

v adj

7 7 5

invade invaluable inventive

v adj adj

14 1 4 3

inversion investigate involvement IOU

n v n n

Welcome ironically 1 10 1 irrelevant irresponsible issue

adv adj adj n v plural n adj n

Welcome issue 8 6 italics itty-bitty

Welcome jaw

12

jealous

adj

?d?el.?s ?d???.ɡ?l d???.k??.li

5

jingle

n

14

jokingly

adv

4 8

journalism joy

n n

?d???.n?l.?.z?m d??? d??d? d??d? d??mp tu? k?n?klu?.??nz

7

judge

v

Welcome judge 2 9 jump to conclusions jungle

n

n

?d???.ɡ?l k??b?b ki?n ?kes.tr?l ki? k?k ?n k?k a?t ?k?l.?? hwe?l k?t k?t a?t ni?l da?n na?f l? b ?le?.b?? l? nd ?l?nd.mɑ?k lɑ?d?.li ?lɑ?st.ɡɑ?sp ?lɑ?f.t?? l??nt?

14

kebab

n adj n adj phrasal v phrasal v n n

Welcome keen 6 kestrel 8 9 6 1 13 key kick in kick out killer whale kit

8 3

kit out kneel down

phrasal v v

9 12 9 11

knife lab labour land

n n v v

7 1

landmark largely

n adv

4 6 7

last-gasp laughter launch

adj n v

7 8

launder laundry

v n

?l??n.d?? ?l??n.dri l?? ?nd ???.d?? ?le?.a?t li?d li?d ?s??.?? ?li?.d?? ?li?.d?? ?li?.fl?t ?li?.fi ?le?.?? li?v a?t ?lek.t??? ?left???.v?z ?le?.?li ?le?k.θi ?la?.br?r.i ?la?.s?nts l?k l?d la? la? ??ra?nd ?la?f?θret.?n.?? ?la?t?hɑ?.t?d ?l?m.?t ?l?m.?t l?mp

14 12 2 4

law and order layout lead lead singer

n n v n n adj n adj

Welcome leader Welcome leading Welcome leaflet 11 leafy

5 13 11 9 11 1

leather leave out lecture leftovers leisurely lengthy

n phrasal v n plural n adj adj

10 2 6 12 14

library license lick lid lie

n v v n v phrasal v adj adj v n

Welcome lie around 9 10 5 10 life-threatening light-hearted limit limit

7

limp

n

7

line

n

la?n ?la?n.?p ?l??.ɡw?st l??k ?l?k.w?d l?v r?f ?la?v.li

12

line-up

n

Welcome linguist 14 14 7 link liquid live rough

n v n phrase

4

lively

adj

3

loan

n

l??n ?l?b.st?? ?l?b.st?? p?t l?k ?l??.ɡ?? ?l??.held l?k ?n lu?s lu?z sli?p ???.v?? lu?z j??? ?tem.p?? l?s l?v.?? ?l???la?.?? ?l??.?l

9 9 4 5 4 1 4 11 12 9 6 6

lobster lobster pot lock logo long-held look on loose lose sleep over lose your temper loss loving low-lying

n n v n adj phrasal v adj phrasal v phrase n adj adj

2

loyal

adj

12 6 9

loyalty card lunar lunchtime

n adj n

?l??.?l.ti kɑ?d ?lu?.n?? ?l?nt?.ta?m

6 11 13

lunge luxury machinery

v n n

l?nd? ?l?k.??r.i m???i?.n?r.i

Welcome mag magnetic resonance imaging magnificent

n

m?ɡ m?ɡ?net.?k ?rez.?n.?nts ??m.?d??? m?ɡ?n?f.?.s?nt ?me?n.stri?m me?k ? ?d?f.?r.?nts me?k e? ne?m f??? j?? ?self me?k ??n ?m?p?kt me?k ?t b?ɡ me?k ?t ?sn?p.i me?k sents ?v me?k ?p ?me?k???.v?? ?me?k.??ft me?l ?m?n.?d? m?n?ka?nd ?ma??.ri mɑ?t? m??ri?n mɑ?k mɑ?k

14 6

n adj

4 4

mainstream

adj phrase idiom phrase idiom

make a difference make a name for Welcome yourself 5 make an impact

Welcome make it big

2 2 1 12

make it snappy make sense of make up makeover

phrase phrase phrasal v n adj n v n

Welcome makeshift 6 6 4 male manage mankind

13

Maori

n

Welcome march 13 marine

v adj

3 13

mark mark

v v

2 5 12 7 10

market marketing marketing director marksmanship martial arts

n n n n plural n

?mɑ?.k?t ?mɑ?k?.t?? ?mɑ?k?.t?? d??rek.t?? ?mɑ?ks.m?n.??p ?mɑ?.??l ɑ?ts mɑ?sk m? s ?m?s.?v m?t? m??t??.ri.?l ?m?k.s?.m?m ?mi?.n??.f?l ?me?.?? mi?t ?med.i?i?.v?l melt melt ?mem.b?.??p ?mem.?r.?.b?l ?men.t?l m??? ?mes ?p

Welcome mask Welcome mass 1 massive 4 match

n adj adj n

Welcome material Welcome maximum Welcome meaningful 7 14 measure meat

n n adj n n

13 6

medieval melt

adj v v n adj adj adj phrasal v

Welcome melt 13 4 7 7 membership memorable mental mere

Welcome mess up

8

metaphor

n

?met.?.f?? ?mi?.ti.?r??l.?.d??st ?ma?.kr?? ?ma?.kr?.sk??p

13 14

meteorologist micro-

n prefix

4

microscope

n

4 9 3

mighty mildly min.

adj adv n

?ma?.ti ma?ld.li ?m?n ma?n.?? m??r?k.j?.l?sli m?s?d??d? m??s.li?d ?m??.?n m?st m??ste?k f??? ?m?s?ju?z m?ks m???d?l.?.ti ?m?n.?.k?? mu?d sw?? ?m?r.?li

3 1 4

mining miraculously misjudge

n adv v

7

mislead

v n

Welcome mission

7 1 14

mist mistake for misuse

n phrasal v v

10 10 3 14

mix modality Monaco mood swing

v n n n

12

morally

adv

11 2 5 1 1 6

mother-of-pearl motivate motivated motorist mountaineer move house

n v adj n n phrase

?m??.?r.?v?p??l ?m??.t?.ve?t ?m??.t?v.e?.t?d ?m??.t?r.?st ?ma?n.t??n??? mu?v ha?z

Welcome move in 3 7 moving muck up

phrasal v adj phrasal v

mu?v ?n mu?v.?? m?k ?p

3 2

mug mull over

v phrasal v

m?ɡ m?l ???.v?? ?m?l.ti?n??.?n.?l ?m?l.t?.p?l mju?z ?m??.r?m ?m?θ.?l??d?.?k?l ne?l ?ne?.k?d ?n?r.?.t?v n??re?.t?? ?nɑ?.sti ?ne?.??n ?n??.?n.?l pɑ?k ?ne?.??n?wa?d ?n?t?.?r.?l d??zɑ?.st?? ?n?t?.?r.?l.?st ?ne?.t??? ?ne?.t??? pɑ?k ?nek.l?s ?ni?d.l?s tu? se? ?ne?.b?? n??p??l n??v ?n??.v?s net

5 1

multinational multiple

adj adj

7 14 1 14 12 12 6 14

muse mushroom mythological nail naked narrative narrator nasty

v n adj n adj adj n adj

3

nation

n

Welcome national park 12 6 nationwide natural disaster

n adj n n n

Welcome naturalist 1 nature

Welcome nature park

n

5

necklace

n

2

needless to say

idiom

7 1

neighbour Nepal

n n

14 10

nerve nervous

n adj

4

net

n

14 14

neuron neuroscientist

n n

?nj??.r?n ?nj??.r???sa?.?n.t?st ?nju?.tr?l ?nju??zi?.l?nd ni?? ?n?m.?.ne?t ?n?n.???les ?n?n.?ɡ?z?s.t?nt ?n?n?st?p ?n??.??l.i n?t h?v ?? fe?n.t?st a??d?? n?t ?n ?en.i ??ka?nt n?t w??θ e? da?m ?n??.t?s.b??d ?n??.t?r?a?.?.ti n???t??.ri.?s ?n?v.?l

Welcome neutral 13 5 New Zealand niche

adj adj n

Welcome nominate

v

4 7 4 8 8

nonetheless non-existent non-stop northerly not have the faintest idea

adv adj adj adj phrase

14 4 13

not on any account not worth a dime noticeboard

phrase phrase n

Welcome notoriety 10 13 notorious novel

n adj adj

6 1 6 8 2 5

nudge numerous nursing home nut objection observant

v adj n n n adj

n?d? ?nju?.m?r.?s ?n??s?? h??m n?t ?b?d?ek.??n ?b?z??.v?nt ?b?z??v ?b?ses

13

observe

v

Welcome obsess

v

13

obsolete

adj

??b.s?l.i?t ?b?te?n ??b.vi.?s ??ke?.??n ??k.j?.pa? ??k??? ??k.t?.p?s ????d ???.d?? ?v ? ?la?f.ta?m ??fents ??f.??

7

obtain

v adj n v v n adj n

Welcome obvious 2 3 4 1 3 14 occasion occupy occur octopus odd odour

8

of a lifetime

phrase

4

offence

n

7

offer

v

Welcome office Welcome officer

n n

??f.?s ??f.?.s?? ?n ?ts lɑ?st leɡz ?n r??flek.??n ?n ?? ed? ?n ?? we? ??n?la?n ???p.n?? ???.p?n.li ??p.?r.e?t ??p??.n?nt ??p.??z??.?n

11 4 4 11 3 6

on its last legs on reflection on the edge on the way online opening

phrase phrase phrase phrase adj n adv

Welcome openly

12 4

operate opponent

v n

Welcome opposition

n

12 7 8

opt ordinary organic

v adj adj n n adv

?pt ???.d?n.?r.i ???ɡ?n.?k ???.ɡ?n.a??ze?.??n ??r.?.d??n ??r?d?.?n.?l.i ???.?.wa?z a?t ?v ?? blu? ?a?t.k?m ?a?t?de?.t?d

Welcome organisation 5 origin Welcome originally

6 9 12 13

otherwise out of the blue outcome outdated

adj phrase n adj

Welcome outlaw 9 13 7 outline out-of-date outsmart

n v adj v

?a?t.l?? ?a?t.la?n ?a?t.?v?de?t ?a?t?smɑ?t ???.v??du? ???.v??h??? ???.v??hi?t ???.v?l???d ???.v??p?p.j??le?.??n ???.v?r.i??kt ???.v??si?z ???.v??hwelm ???.v??hwelm.??.li ?? ??n??

9 2 1

overdo overhear overheat

v v v

9

overload

n

11 9 11 8 2

overpopulation overreact overseas overwhelm overwhelmingly

n v adj v adv

7 6

owe owner

v n

4 13 7 9 2

pace palace palliative panic paper

n n n n n

pe?s ?p?l.?s ?p?l.i.?.t?v ?p?n.?k ?pe?.p??

7

parachute

n

?p?r.?.?u?t p??re?d ?p?r.?n.??d pɑ?k ?p?r.?t pɑ??t?s.?.p?nt ?pɑ?.t?.k?l p??t?k.j?.l?li ?pɑ?t.li ?pɑ?t.n?.??p ?pɑ?t?ta?m pɑ?s ?n ?p?s.?d? ?pɑ?.s??ba? ?p??.?n.?t ?pe?.stri p?θ pe? ??ten.t??n pi?

4

parade

n

9 8

paranoid park

adj v

6 14 6

parrot participant particle

n n n

1 4 7 2 1

particularly partly partnership part-time pass on

adv adv n adj phrasal v

3

passage

n n adj

5 passer-by Welcome passionate

Welcome pastry 10 5 13 path pay attention pea

n n phrase n

7 6

peace peanut

n n

pi?s ?pi?.n?t

7 1

pension per

n

?pen.t??n

preposition p??? p??fju?m ?p??.ri.?d ?per.?? ?p??.m?n.?nt.li p??m??.?n p??pleks.??

11 8 6 12 12 6

perfume period perish permanently permission perplexing

n n v adv n adj

12 8

persecute persist

v v

?p??.s?.kju?t p??s?st ?p??.s?n.?l k?m?pju?.t?? ?p??.s?n.?li p??t??.?n ?pet.r?l f??n?m.?.n? f??n?m.?.n?n fju? ?f??.bi.? f??t?ɡ.r?.f?? ?f?z.?.k?l

3

personal computer

n

2

personally

adv

Welcome petition

n

14 14

petrol phenomena

n n

6

phenomenon

n

3

phew!

excl

9 6 9

phobia photographer physical

n n adj

14 9

physiological pick on

adj phrasal v

?f?z.i.??l?d?.?k?l p?k ?n ?pa?p.la?n p?t? ?pi?t.s??ri?.? ple?ɡ ple?n ?plɑ?.st?? ?pl?s.t?k ?s??.d??n

13 4 2 4 12 5 12

pipeline pitch pizzeria plague plain plaster plastic surgeon

n n n v adj v n

12 1

plastic surgery plateau

n n

?pl?s.t?k ?s??.d??r.i ?pl?t.?? pli?d ?ɡ?l.ti ?plen.ti

7 14

plead guilty plenty

phrase pron

4 4

plot plummet

n v

pl?t ?pl?m.?t p??t? ?p??.nj?nt p??nt a?t ?p??.z?n ?p??.z?n.?s p??li?s

Welcome poach 10 poignant

v adj

2

point out

phrasal v n adj v

Welcome poison Welcome poisonous 13 police

4 5

policy pose

n v

?p?l.?.si p??z ?p?z.?.t?v.li

10

positively

adv

4

potential

n adj v n

p???ten.t??l p???ten.t??l pa?nd ?pi??ɑ?? ?pr?k.t?.k?l ?pr?k.t??k?l.?.ti ?pr?k.t?s pr?k?t??.?n.?? pr??sa?s pr??d?kt pr??d?k.t?.b?l pr??d?m.?.n?nt.li ?pref.?r.?nts ?preɡ.n?nt ?pri?.h??st?r.?k ?pred?.?.d?s ?prem.?.s?z ?prez.?nts pre?z?nt ?prez.?n?te?.??n pr??z??v ?pre?.?? pr??ten.t??s ?pr?t.i ?pri?.vi.?s

Welcome potential 9 5 pound PR

10 3 4

practical practicality practice

adj n n

12 12

practitioner precise

n adj

6

predict

v

9 10 12 1 1

predictable predominantly preference pregnant prehistoric

adj adv n adj adj

2 2

prejudice premises

n n n v n

7 presence Welcome present 5 presentation

7 2

preserve pressure

v n

Welcome pretentious Welcome pretty 6 previous

adj adv adj

6

prey

n

pre? pr?k pra??mer.?l.i ?pra?.m?r.i pra?m ?m?n.?.st?? ?pr?nt.s?.p?l ?pr?nt.s?.p?l pra???r.?.ti ?pr?z.?n ??f.?.s?? ?pr?z.?n.?? ?v w??? ?pr?v.?l.?d? pr???si?.d??? pr???ses pr???ses pr??d?u?s pr??d?k.??n ?pr??.fa?l pr???ɡres pr???h?b.?.t?v pr???l?f.?k ?pr?m.?s pr??m??.??n ?pr?p.?.ti pr??p??.z?l

1 7 8

prick primarily primary

n adv adj n

Welcome prime minister

9 10 9

principal principle priority

n n n

7 13

prison officer prisoner of war

n n

12 12 2

privilege procedure process

n n n

14 5 8 11 3 11 7

process produce production profile progress prohibitive prolific

v v n n n adj adj v n n

Welcome promise 12 promotion 7 property

9

proposal

n

9

propose

v

pr??p??z

12

prosecute

v

?pr?s.?.kju?t ?pr?s.??kju?.??n ?pr?v.??b

7

prosecution

n

11 8 12

proverb provided provider

n

conjunction pr???va?d.?d n v pr???va?.d?? pr??v??k ?sju?.d?.n?m ?sa?.k?k ?sa?.k?l??d?.?.k?l

Welcome provoke

7

pseudonym

n

6 4

psychic psychological

adj adj

6

psychology

n

sa??k?l.?.d?i ?p?b.l?k ?f?ɡ.?? ?p?b.l?k sku?l ?p?b.l??ke?.??n p?l ?f p?mp p?nt? ?p??k.t?u?e?.??n ?p?n.?.??? ?pju?.p?l ?p?p.?t

7

public figure

n

7 12

public school publication

n n

4 9 9

pull off pump punch

phrasal v v v

13 6 12

punctuation punishing pupil

n adj n

4

puppet

n

3 13

purchase pure

v adj

?p??.t??s pj??? ?p??.p?s p??s p?? ?? ?ba?n.d?r.iz ?p??.i p?s p?t ??sa?d p?t ?f kwe?k ?kw?l.?.fa? ?kw?n.t?.ti ?kw??.t?z kju? kw?k f?ks kw??t ?r?d.?.k?l

3 10 10

purpose purse push the boundaries

n n phrase

Welcome pushy 6 puss

adj n

11

put aside

phrasal v

Welcome put off 6 quake 4 13 qualify quantity

phrasal v n v n

7 4

quarters queue

n n

12 1

quick fix quote

n v adj

Welcome radical

6 3 7 9 7 1 3 2

raft raid railway station raise ranch range range from rapid

n v n v n n v adj

rɑ?ft re?d ?re?l.we? ?ste?.??n re?z rɑ?nt? re?nd? re?nd? fr?m ?r?p.?d

14 14 6

rapport rat rattle

n n v

r?p???? r? t ?r?t.?l ?r?t.?l.sne?k ri?t? ??n ??ɡri?.m?nt ?r???l?s.t?k ?r??l?la?f ri?p ?? ?ben.?.f?t ?ri?.z?n.?.b?l ?ri?.z?n.?.bli

1 6

rattlesnake reach an agreement

n phrase

9 7 14

realistic real-life reap the benefit

adj n v

2 5

reasonable reasonably

adj adv

9

recommend

v

?rek.??mend ?rek.?.men?de?.??n ?ri?.k?n?s?d.?? ?ri?.k?n?str?kt r??k??d r??k?v.?? ?rek.ri?e?.??n?l r??kru?t ?ref.?r.?nts r??flekt r??flekt r??fju?.z?l r??fju?t

Welcome recommendation Welcome reconsider

n v

12 13 3 8

reconstruct record recover recreational

v v v adj

7

recruit

v

5 1 5

reference reflect reflect

n v v

Welcome refusal 14 refute

n v

13 13

regional registration

adj n

?ri?.d??n.?l ?red?.??stre?.??n

12 9 10

regret regular rein in

n adj phrasal v n adv

r??ɡret ?reɡ.j?.l?? re?n ?n r??le?.??n.??p ?rel.?.t?v.li r??li?s

Welcome relationship 5 relatively

1

release

v

2 7 9 1

release relief relive reluctant

v n v adj v adv n v v v adj v

r??li?s r??li?f ?ri??l?v r??l?k.t?nt r??me?n r??mɑ?.k?.bli r??ma?nd?? r??mu?v r??nju? ?ren.?.ve?t r??na?nd r??pe? ?ri?.p??k??.?n ?ri??fre?z ?rep.ta?l ?rep.j?.t?.b?l

Welcome remain 10 13 12 13 13 4 remarkably reminder remove renew renovate renowned

Welcome repay

8 13 6 12

repercussion rephrase reptile reputable

n v n adj

6 3

reputation request

n n

?rep.j??te?.??n r??kwest ?res.kju? ??p.?r?e?.??n ?ri???e?p r??z?st r??z?s.t?nts r??z?lv r??z??t r??z??s r??spekt r??spekt

7

rescue operation

n v v n v n n

Welcome reshape 7 7 resist resistance

Welcome resolve 6 9 resort resource

6

respect

n

7

respect

v

14 9 6

respectfully response restless

adv n adj

r??spekt.f?li r??sp?nts ?rest.l?s

13 7 7 2

restore retire retirement reveal

v v n v

r??st??? r??ta??? r??ta??.m?nt r??vi?l r??vend? r??vju??? ?ri??v?z.?t r??va?v ?rev.?l?u?.??n.?r.i

1 2 10 10 13

revenge reviewer revisit revive revolutionary

n n v v adj

13 8 10 11 6 11 13 1 4

revolutionise rhetorical ribbon riches Richter Scale ridiculous ring rise rival

v adj n plural n n adj v n n v v

?rev.?l?u?.??n.a?z r??t?r.?.k?l ?r?b.?n r?t?.?z ?r?k.t? ske?l r??d?k.j?.l?s r?? ra?z ?ra?.v?l r??m r??? r?k r?k stɑ?? ?r?k.?t st??v r??l

Welcome roam 6 roar

9

rock

v n n

Welcome rock star 8 rocket stove

2

role

n

6 5 8 9

roller coaster Rome round trip routine

n n n n

?r??.l?? ?k??.st?? r??m ra?nd tr?p ru??ti?n

14 3 3 4

rub off run rush sacrifice

phrasal v n v v

r?b ?f r?n r?? ?s?k.r?.fa?s ?se?f.ti

7

safety

n

1 12

saga sanction

n v

?sɑ?.ɡ? ?s??k.??n s? nd ?s?n.w?d? b??d se?v se?v se?.v??z sk? n ?sk?n.d??ne?.vi.? ?skɑ?.p?? ?sk?v.?nd? s??nɑ?.ri.?? ?skep.t?.k?l ??ed?.u?l ??ed?.u?l ski?m sk???

13

sand

n

5 12

sandwich board save

n v v plural n v n v

Welcome save 7 14 1 6 savings scan Scandinavia scarper

8 14 2

scavenge scenario sceptical

v n adj

9 14 12

schedule schedule scheme

n v n

4

score

v

2

screen

n

skri?n skri?n si? fl??? ?si?.fu?d si?l si?l ?si?.?el

Welcome screen 9 sea floor 5 1 4 5 seafood seal seal seashell

n n n n v n

7

secret agent

n

?si?.kr?t ?e?.d??nt ?sek.r?.t?r.i ?sek.??n s??kj??.r?.ti si?d si?k ?sa?z.m?k si?z s??lek.??n ?self.??sti?m ?sel.f?? ?self.?b?sest

11 2

secretary section

n n

7

security

n

8 6 6 4 3

seed seek seismic seize selection

n v adj v n

9 11

self-esteem selfish

n adj adj

Welcome self-obsessed

9

self-preservation

n

?self?prez.??ve?.??n s??mes.t?? ?sem.i.d??t?t?t ?si?.ni.?? sen?se?.??n sents ?sent.s?.t?v ?sep.?r?e?.??n ?s??.ri.?s.n?s ?se?.?n set fa??? tu? set a?t tu?

8 7 11

semester semi-detached senior

n n adj

Welcome sensation 6 sense

n v

12 8 9

sensitive separation seriousness

adj n n

8 1 1

session set fire to set out to

n phrasal v phrasal v

3 6

set up settle

phrasal v v

?set ?p ?set.?l ?set.l ?set.l?r s??v???

6

settle

v

1 10

settler severe

n adj

1 11 5 8

sewer sex shape share

n n n v

?s??? seks ?e?p ?e??

13

shipwreck

n

???p.rek

5

shirt

n

???t ??k.?? ???p?l?f.t?? ???? ????.t?n ???t.li ??t sa?d sa?d ?v ?? ?st??.ri sa? sa?.t?? ?s?ɡ.n?l ?s?ɡ.n?.t???

5 12 8 13 14 4

shocking shoplifter shore shorten shortly shot

adj n n v adv n n phrase v n n

Welcome side 1 side of the story 11 1 9 sigh sighting signal

7

signature

n

1

significance

n

s?ɡ?n?f.?.k?nts s?ɡ?n?f.?.k?nt s?ɡ?n?f.?.k?nt.li ?sa?n.p??st ?s?m.?.li ?s?m.p?l ?s?m.?l?te?.ni.?sli ?s?n.?.st?? s??k s??k s?p ?skel.?.t?n sk?l sle?v sli?p.?? b?ɡ sl?m sl?p ?sl?p.?r.i ?sl??.?? smɑ?t sm?ɡ sn? p sn???

14

significant

adj

12

significantly

adv

7

sign-post

n

10 3 4 3

simile simple simultaneously sinister

n adj adv adj

8

sink

n

13 11 13 5

sink sip skeleton skill

v v n n

5 9 6 4 3 6 11

slave sleeping-bag slim slip slippery slither smart

n n adj v adj v adj adj

Welcome smug

2 14

snap snore

adj v

6 1

snug soaked

adj adj

sn?ɡ s??kt

5 9 6

so-and-so soar so-called

n v adj adj

?s??.?nd.s?? s??? ?s???k??ld ?s??.??.b?l ?s??.??l ?net.w??k?? sa?t

Welcome sociable 1

social networking site n

5 2 8

soften software solar

v n adj

?s?f.?n ?s?ft.we?? ?s??.l??

1 3 7 8 7

sole solid solitary solo sombre

n adj adj adj adj

s??l ?s?l.?d ?s?l.?.t?r.i ?s??.l?? ?s?m.b??

8 5 8 4 8 2 11 12 1 4

SOS source source South Africa sow specific specifically specify spectacular spectator

n v n n v adj adv v adj n

?es.???es s??s s??s sa?θ ??f.r?.k? s?? sp??s?f.?k sp??s?f.?k.li ?spes.?.fa? spek?t?k.j?.l?? spek?te?.t??

9 1

speed spill

n n

spi?d sp?l ?sp?r.?t ?sp?r.?.t?u.?l sp?t a?t spl?? spl?t ?p spl?t ?sek.?nd ?sp?nt.s?? ?sp??ts.m?n.??p ?sp??ts?p??.s?n sp?t spred spred sp??? ?n spa? skw?d ?sri??l??.k? st?nd ?p stre?t ?st?nd.st?l stɑ?? stɑ?.t?? stɑ??ve?.??n ste?t st??nt?

9 9 9

spirit spiritual spit out

n adj phrasal v

6

splash

v phrasal v adj

Welcome split up 2 split-second

Welcome sponsor

v

4 4 4 1 9 10

sportsmanship sportsperson spot spread spread spur on

n n n n v phrasal v

7

spy

n

1 6 9

squid Sri Lanka stand up straight

n n phrase n

Welcome standstill

9

star

v

5

starter

n

6 7 14

starvation state staunch

n v adj

6

steal

v

sti?l

8 13

steamer steamship

n n

sti?.m?? ?sti?m.??p st??n st?k ?st?m.j?.li? ?st??.re? ?st?m.?k st??? ?st??.ri.la?n ?st?r·i?tel·?? ?str?ɡ.?l.i stre?kθ stres stres ?b?s.t?? strest a?t ?stres.f?l

7 9 10

stern stick stimuli

adj v n n v n n n adj n

Welcome stingray 9 5 6 1 7 6 stomach store storyline storytelling straggly strength

2 9 9 9

stress stress-buster stressed out stressful

n n adj adj

Welcome strict 1 strike

adj v

str?kt stra?k str?? str??k ?str?k.t??? ?str?ɡ.?l st?k ?st?d.i ?st?m.b?l ??kr?s st?n.??

13

string

n

14

stroke

v

2

structure

n v adj n phrasal v adj

Welcome struggle 14 2 8 12 stuck study stumble across stunning

7 13

subdue submerge

v v

s?b?d?u? s?b?m??d? s?b?skr?p.??n ?s?b.s?.kw?nt ?s?b.st?.t?u?t ?s?b?ta?.t?l ?s?t.?l ?s?b.??b s??b??.b?n s?k?ses ?s?f.?? ?s?f.?? ?s?f.?? fr?m ?su?.t?.b?l s?m ?s?n.la?t ?s?n.set su??p??.ri.?? s??pla? s??p??.t?? ?s??.f?s s??d? s??d? ?s??.d??.k?l s?r?en.d?? sw?p

8

subscription

n

12 8

subsequent substitute

adj v

8 7

subtitle subtle

n adj

11

suburb

n

11

suburban

adj n v v v adj n n n n

Welcome success 7 9 1 2 3 14 10 2 suffer suffer suffer from suitable sum sunlight sunset superior

Welcome supply 4 13 9 4 12 7 supporter surface surge surge surgical surrender

n n n n v adj v

12

swap

v

9

swear

v

swe?? swet swi?p sw?ft s?m?b?l.?k s?m?b?l.?kli ?s?m.b?l.a?z

9

sweat

n

Welcome sweep 9 12 swift symbolic

v adj adj

1 5

symbolically symbolise

adv v

12

symmetry

n

?s?m.?.tri ?s?m.p??θet.?k ?s?mp.t?m

Welcome sympathetic

adj

1

symptom

n

8 3

symptom synopsis

n n

?s?mp.t?m s??n?p.s?s ?t?k.?l ?t?k.t?k te?k te?k ?n te?k ??n.t? k?n?s?d.?r?e?.??n te?k ?s??.ri.?s.li te?k sa?dz ?t?l.?nt ??? ?tɑ?.ɡ?t

4 4 12 7

tackle tactic take take in take into consideration

n n n phrasal v

14

n

Welcome take seriously Welcome take sides

phrase phrase

Welcome talent show

n

5

target

n

5

task

n

tɑ?sk te?st ?t?ks m?n t?k?se?.??n ti? bre?k ti?m ?p tek?ni?k ti?n

5

taste

n n n n phrasal v

Welcome tax man 11 taxation Welcome tea break 12 team up

5

technique

n adj

Welcome teen

3 9 9

telescope temperature tendency

n n n

?tel.?.sk??p ?tem.pr?.t??? ?ten.d?nt.si ?ten.t?.k?l t??m t??m ?ter.?.b?l ?ter.?.t?r.i ?ter.?? ?θ??k.f?l.i ?? ?d?p.l??m?t.?k ?s? ?.v?s ?? ?f?r.?n ??f.?s ?? ɡe?m ?z ?p ?? ki? tu? ?? ?mi?.di.?

1

tentacle

n

1

term

n

5 6

term terrible

v adj

3 territory Welcome terror

n n

5

thankfully

adv

7

the diplomatic service n

7

the Foreign Office

n

7 13 5

the game is up the key to the media

idiom phrase phrase

12

the NHS

n phrase phrase

?en.e?t??es ?? rest ?? se?m ??ld ?st??.ri ?? ?ju??en ?? ?v?n.ɡɑ?d ?? wa?ld θi?m ?θ??.ri ??e?.f??? θi?f θ??k ?p ?θ??t.f?l θret ?θret.n?? θr??t θr?? ??we?

Welcome the rest 1 the same old story

3

the UN

n

4 1 8 2 11

the vanguard the wild theme theory therefore

n n n n adv

7

thief

n phrasal v adj

Welcome think up 7 thoughtful

9 7 6 8

threat threatening throat throw away

n adj n phrasal v

8 12

tie tight

v adj

ta? ta?t ?ta?t.r??p t?lt ta?m ?nd ??ɡen

10 14 1

tightrope tilt time and again

n v phrase

13

time capsule

n adv phrase

ta?m ?k?p.sju?l ?ta??.l?s.li tu? b? ??n.?st

Welcome tirelessly Welcome to be honest

Welcome to my mind 5 to what extent?

idiom phrase

tu? ma? ma?nd tu? hw?t ?k?stent t??d ?t?d.l?? t??mɑ?.t?? tu?l ?tu?θ.e?k t?p ten ?t?p.?k

6 6

toad toddler

n n

13 8

tomato tool

n n n

Welcome toothache

12

top ten

n

1

topic

n

6

tornado

n

t???ne?.d?? t??? t??? ɡa?d ta?n h??l tre?s tu? tr?k da?n tre?d tr?nt?sf??m tr?nz?m??.?n tr?nz?m?t tr?n?splɑ?nt

Welcome tour 5 tour guide

v n n

Welcome town hall

1 7

trace to track down

phrasal v phrasal v

3

trade

n

7

transform

v

7

transmission

n

7

transmit

v

3

transplant

n

11

transport

n

tr?nt?sp??t

13 9

transportation trap

n v

?tr?nt.sp???te?.??n tr? p ?tri?.ti ?tra?.?l ?nd ?er.?? ?tr?b.ju?t tr?k ?tr?k.i ?tr?ɡ.?? ?tr?ɡ.?? ?f tr?p tra???mp.f?ntli

7

treaty

n

Welcome trial and error

phrase

6 6

tribute trick

n n

Welcome tricky 10 14 3 trigger trigger off trip

adj v phrasal v n

Welcome triumphantly

adv

2 7

trombone troubled

n adj

tr?m?b??n ?tr?b.?ld ?tr?b.?l?me?.k?? ?tr?m.p?t ?tr?st?w??.?i ts??nɑ?.mi t?u???.?n fi? ?t?u?.n? ?t??n.a?t ?ti??vi? ?ste?.??n ??ɡ.li ?ju?.k?l?e?.li

Welcome troublemaker 6 3 trumpet trustworthy

n v adj

6

tsunami

n n n phrasal v n adj n

Welcome tuition fee 6 tuna Welcome turn out 3 12 13 TV station ugly ukulele

3

ultimately

adv

??l.t?.m?t.li

6

ultraviolet

adj

??l.tr??va??.l?t

4

umpire

n

??m.pa???

12 8 7 6

unambiguous unaware unbeknown uncanny

adj adj adj adj

??n.?m?b?ɡ.ju.?s ??n.??we?? ??n.b??n??n ?n?k?n.i ?n?s??.t?n.ti ?n?kl??? ?n?k?n.t??s ?n?k?v.?? ??n.d??na?.?.bli

6 6 9

uncertainty unclear unconscious

n adj adj

13 14

uncover undeniably

v adv

12 12 13

underestimate undergo underwater

v v adj

??n.d?r?es.t?.me?t ??n.d??ɡ?? ??n.d??w??.t?? ?n?du? ?n?da?.t?dli ?n?i?.zi ??n.?k?sple?nd ?n?fe?? ?ju?.n?.f??m

10 14 6 1 12

undo undoubtedly uneasy unexplained unfair

v adv adj adj adj

4

uniform

n

4

unique

adj

ju??ni?k ?n?l??d ?n?l?k.i ?n?nes.?.s?r.i ?n?plez.?nt ?n?p?p.j?.l?? ?n?kwes.t??.n?.bli

13

unload

v

14 13 5 11 14

unlucky unnecessary unpleasant unpopular unquestionably

adj adj adj adj adv

7

unravel

v

?n?r?v.?l ??n.ri??l.?.ti ?n?ri?.z?n.?.b?l ??n.r??mɑ?.k?.b?l ?n?set.?ld ??n.s??spek.t?? ?n?ju?.??li ?n?wel.k?m ??p.de?t ?p?de?t ??p.sa?d da?n ??p.t??de?t ??p.w?dz ???.b?n ?led?.?nd ??d? ?ju?.sl?s ??t?l.i ?v?l.j?.b?l ?v?l.ju? v? n

7 unreality Welcome unreasonable 7 unremarkable 6 7 13 1 13 13 6 13 4 1 14 4 7 10 12 unsettled unsuspecting unusually unwelcome update update upside down up-to-date upwards urban legend urge useless utterly valuable value

n adj adj adj adj adv adj n v adj adj adv n n adj adv adj n

Welcome van

n

5

variation

n

?ve?.ri?e?.??n ?ve?.r?d v??ra?.?.ti ?ve?.ri.?s ved? ?ved?.??te?.ri.?n ?ved?.??te?.ri.?n

5

varied

adj n adj plural n

Welcome variety 11 9 various veg

8 vegetarian Welcome vegetarian

n adj

10 1 2

vendetta venom venture

n n n

ven?det.? ?ven.?m ?ven.t??? ?ven.t??? ?v??.d?kt ?v??.??n ?ves.?l vet ?vi?.t?? ?va?.br?nt va??bre?.??n ?va?s?v??.s? v?k?t??.ri.?n

3

venture

v

7

verdict

n

1 13 6

version vessel vet

n n n

14 10 2 5

veto vibrant vibration vice versa

n adj n adv

13

Victorian

adj

4

victory

n

?v?k.t?r.i ?v?d.i.???k?n.f?r.?nts.? ?

8

video-conferencing

n

Welcome view 9 vigilant

n adj

vju? ?v?d?.?.l?nt ?va?.?.l?nts ?v??.t?u.?l ?v?z.?.b?l ?v??.u.?l ?v??.u.?l ?va?.t?l ?v?v.?d ?v?l.?n.t?r.i ?va?.t??? ?we?.t?? r?m ?w?l.?t ?w?n.d?? w??m ?p w??n w??n w??n.?? ?w?? ?p ?w??.t?.h??l welθ ?wep.?n ?w??.r?.s?m

Welcome violence

n

13

virtual

adj

5 5

visible visual

adj adj

12 7 10

visual vital vivid

n adj adj adj

Welcome voluntary

12

voucher

n

Welcome waiting room

n

2 3 4

wallet wander warm up

n v phrasal v

1

warn

v

Welcome warn

v

6 7 1

warning wash up waterhole

n phrasal v n

3 13 9

wealth weapon wearisome

n n adj

13

weather

n

?we?.?? web we? ?p wel pr??z??vd hw??f hw?t pra?s

7

web

n

2 13

weigh up well-preserved

phrasal v adj

13

wharf

n

Welcome what price? 14 7 14 7 whereas widely wide-ranging widow

phrase

conjunction hwe??r?z adv adj n wa?d.li ?wa?d?re?n.d??? ?w?d.??

7 3 5 9 4 14

wilderness wildlife willing to winch winner wire (up)

n n phrase n n v

?w?l.d?.n?s ?wa?ld.la?f w?l?? tu? w?nt? ?w?n.?? wa??? ?w?z.d?m wa?z w?? l?k w???dr?? ?w?t.n?s ?w?t.i ?w?l.i

11

wisdom

n

3 10

wise with luck

adj phrase

2

withdraw

v v adj adj

1 witness Welcome witty 7 woolly

Welcome word of warning

phrase

w??d ?v ?w??n.??

Welcome work out Welcome workplace 9 4 11 12 1 10 13 workshop worldwide worry worth would-be wow wreck

phrasal v n n adj n adj adj excl n

?w??k a?t ?w??k.ple?s ?w??k.??p ?w??ld?wa?d ?w?r.i w??θ ?w?d.bi wa? rek ?res.?l ?r??.k?l r??.li j??n

Welcome wrestle 12 wrinkle 12 wrongly

v n adv

14

yawn

v

11

yogurt

n

?j?ɡ.?t zu? ?zu??ki?.p??

Welcome zoo 6 zoo keeper

n n

definition slightly to leave a place, thing or person forever a short form of a word or phrase used when talking about getting onto a ship, aircraft, bus or train a member of the race of people with dark skins who were the first people to live in Australia in or to a foreign country or countries very great or to the largest degree possible stupid or unreasonable; silly in a humorous way to use or treat someone or something wrongly or badly, especially in a way that is to your own advantage someone who teaches at a college, or who studies as part of their job satisfactory and able to be agreed to or approved of the method or possibility of getting near to a place or person, or the right to use or look at something

example sentence The weather has turned a touch too cold for my liking. We had to abandon the car. 'ITV' is the abbreviation for 'Independent Television'. The flight attendant welcomed us aboard. Aborigine culture He's currently abroad on business. a man of absolute integrity/discretion What an absurd thing to say! She is continually abusing her position/authority by getting other people to do things for her. My parents are both academics. Clearly we need to come to an arrangement that is acceptable to both parties.

The only access to the village is by boat. The resort is easily accessible by road, able to be reached or easily got to rail and air. to go with someone or to be provided or exist at The course books are accompanied by the same time as something four CDs. a statement saying that someone has done You can't just make wild accusations something morally wrong, illegal or unkind, or the fact of accusing someone like that! It wasn't my fault.' 'Don't worry, I'm not to say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal or unkind accusing you.' An Olympic silver medal is a something very good and difficult that you have remarkable achievement for one so succeeded in doing young. to get something He acquired the firm in 1978. The alarm is activated by the lightest to cause something to start pressure. He's very actively involved in (does a in a way that involves positive action lot of work for) the local Labour Party. a person who believes strongly in political or He's been a trade union/party activist social change and works hard to try and make this happen for many years.

real; existing in fact (informal) an advertisement a person who cannot stop doing or using something, especially something harmful to speak or write to someone to cause someone to receive something the arrangements and tasks needed to control the operation of a plan or organisation to respect and approve of someone or their behaviour, or to find someone or something attractive and pleasant to look at

We had estimated about 300 visitors, but the actual number was much higher. I often prefer the ads on TV to the actual programmes. a drug/heroin addict He addressed a few introductory remarks to the audience. to administer medicine / punishment / relief Teachers complain that more of their time is taken up with administration than with teaching.

I admired him for his determination. Napoleon was defeated by the Duke of Wellington at the battle of Waterloo.

to accept that you have failed and give up to take another person's child into your own family and legally look after him or her as your own child a hormone produced by the body when you are frightened, angry or excited, which makes the heart beat faster and prepares the body to react to danger a person or animal that has grown to full size and strength the forward movement of something, or an improvement or development in something at a higher, more difficult level someone who enjoys and looks for dangerous and exciting experiences (informal) an advertisement to give someone an opinion which someone offers you about what you should do or how you should act in a particular situation

They've adopted a baby girl.

These arguments always get my adrenaline going. An adult under British law is someone over 18 years old. Nothing could stop the advance of the flood waters. an advanced English course He was something of an adventurer, living most of his life abroad. an advert for the local radio station

I think I'd advise him to leave the company. The new building has little aesthetic relating to the enjoyment or study of beauty value. The arms-dealing affair has severely a matter or situation which causes strong public damaged the reputation of the feeling, usually of moral disapproval government. a feeling of liking for a person or place He had a deep affection for his aunt. not expensive nice clothes at affordable prices an advertising / employment / estate / a business which represents one group of people when dealing with another group travel agency a list of aims or possible future achievements What is our agenda today? spoken or physical behaviour which is Some types of dog are bred for threatening or involves harm to someone or something aggression. Men tend to be more aggressive than behaving in an angry and violent way towards another person women. I didn't want to agitate her by telling feeling anxious or angry her.

to help a machine which keeps the air in a building cool a business that operates regular services for carrying passengers and/or goods by aircraft a device which makes a loud noise to warn of danger a very large state in northwest of the United States to warn someone of a possibly dangerous situation a country in northwest Africa

Huge projects designed to aid poorer countries can sometimes do more harm than good. None of the air conditioners worked. What airline did you fly? a burglar/car/fire/smoke alarm Alaska is a very large state. An anonymous letter alerted police to the possibility of a terrorist attack at the airport. Algiers is the capital of Algeria. She had invited relatives from all corners of the world to her 80th birthday party. All in all, I think you've done very well. That's where he allegedly killed his wife.

many different distant parts of the world considering all the different parts of the situation together said or thought by some people to be the stated thing, although you have no proof a large reptile with a hard skin that lives in and near rivers and lakes in the hot, wet parts of America and China. It has a long nose that is slightly wider and shorter than that of a crocodile.

Watch out for alligators. It was Johansson who scored the allimportant goal shortly before half-time.

extremely important to change something, usually slightly, or to cause the characteristics of something to change a hard transparent yellowish-brown substance which was formed in ancient times from the liquid of trees and is used in jewellery loss of the ability to remember an animal, such as a frog, which lives both on land and in water but must produce its eggs in water showing that you think something is funny to study or examine something in detail, in order to discover more about it when animals are used for testing drugs and other scientific experiments to state or make known, especially publicly happening once every year, or relating to a period of one year a song which has special importance for a particular group of people, an organisation or a country, often sung on a special occasion a chemical, especially a drug, which limits the effects of a poison

We've had to alter some of our plans. He has a collection of prehistoric insects preserved in amber. After the accident he suffered periods of amnesia. She is studying the habitats of amphibians. an amused smile Researchers analysed the purchases of 6300 households. They are protesting against animal testing. They announced the death of their mother in the local paper. an annual event/visit/holiday The national anthems of the teams are played at the beginning of a big international football match. Sales of nerve gas antidotes increased dramatically before the war.

an uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry about something that is happening or might happen in the future

Children normally feel a lot of anxiety about their first day at school.

I have an apology to make to you - I'm an act of saying sorry afraid I opened your letter by mistake. to make someone have strong feelings of shock or of disapproval an appalled silence/fascination shocking and very bad appalling injuries a middle-aged man of smart the way a person or thing looks to other people appearance a small tube-shaped part which is joined to the intestines on the right side of the body and has She had her appendix out (medically no use in humans removed) last summer. an official request for something, usually in writing a letter of application There's no point buying him expensive to recognise or understand that something is valuable, important or as described wines - he doesn't appreciate them. Since our research so far has not produced any answers to this problem, we need to adopt a different approach a way of considering or doing something to it. There are many regional types of the language of the people of the Middle East and North Africa Arabic. involving or relating to archaeology an archaeological dig/excavation The minister argued for/in favour to give the reasons for your opinion, idea, belief, of/against making cuts in military etc. spending. Should the opportunity arise, I'd love to to happen go to China. a country's military forces, usually an army, navy and air force a career in the armed forces If the police arrest someone, they take them He was arrested when customs away to ask them about a crime which they might have committed officers found drugs in his bag. a room or building which is used for showing works of art, sometimes so that they can be sold an object that is made by a person, such as a tool or a decoration, especially one that is of historical interest made by people, often as a copy of something natural used to say what someone's opinion is feeling guilty or embarrassed about something you have done or a quality in your character a person who attacks another person to kill someone famous or important

Let's go to an art gallery. The museum's collection includes artefacts dating back to prehistoric times. clothes made of artificial fibres As far as I'm concerned I think you're wrong.

You've got nothing to be ashamed of. Can you describe your assailant? a plot to assassinate the Queen Prince Charles condemned the in a way that shows you are confident and not assertively modernist style of frightened to say what you want or believe architecture. to judge or decide the amount, value, quality or The insurers will need to assess the importance of something flood damage.

someone who works in a shop, selling goods to customers and giving advice about the goods sold in the shop to accept something to be true without question or proof something that you accept as true without question or proof

a sales/shop assistant I assumed (that) you knew each other because you went to the same school. People tend to make assumptions about you when you have a disability. These problems might not be solved by money alone, but they will assuredly not be solved without it. It was love at first sight. It's a small house but at least there's a garden. leisure activities He attempted to escape through a window. Over two hundred people attended the funeral. These flowers are brightly coloured in order to attract butterflies. a very attractive young woman I'm auditioning for the part of Lady Macbeth. The first verb in each of the following sentences is an auxiliary - I would love a drink, When did you arrive?, She has finished her book. Is this dress available in a larger size? Carlos was awarded first prize in the essay competition.

certainly from the first time that you see someone or something used to emphasise that something is good in a bad situation when you want to and when you have time to to try to do something, especially something difficult to go to an event, place, etc. (of people, things, places, etc.) to pull or draw someone or something towards them, by the qualities they have, especially good ones very pleasing in appearance or sound, or causing interest or pleasure to give a short performance in order to show your suitability for a role in a film, play, show, etc., or to make someone do this a verb that gives grammatical information, for example about tense, which is not given by the main verb of a sentence able to be bought, used, or reached to give money or a prize following an official decision

knowledge that something exists, or Public awareness of the problem will understanding of a situation or subject at the present time based on information or experience make politicians take it seriously. You look totally awesome in that extremely good dress. He remained a bachelor until he was a man who has never married well into his 40s. (US) a space at the back of a house, usually surrounded by a fence, and covered with grass Let's sit in the backyard. She was completely baffled by his to cause someone to be completely unable to understand or explain something strange behaviour. an island in Indonesia Bali is a popular tourist destination. a female ballet dancer She's training to be a ballerina. a type of dancing where a man and a woman dance together using steps and movements to special music, such as the waltz or tango We're learning ballroom dancing. The film was banned (the government prevented it) from being shown in to forbid (refuse to allow), especially officially several countries.

an official order that prevents something from happening a long piece of cloth, often stretched between two poles, with a sign written on it, usually carried by people taking part in a march a straight stick made of metal a large container, made of wood, metal or plastic, with a flat top and bottom and curved sides that make it fatter in the middle to exchange goods for other things rather than for money If you base something on facts or ideas, you use those facts or ideas to develop it (the ball used in) a game played especially in North America by two teams of nine players, in which a player hits a ball with a bat (stick) and tries to run around four bases on a large field before the other team returns the ball the most important facts, ideas, etc. from which something is developed a game played by two teams of five men or six women who score points by throwing a large ball through an open net hanging from a metal ring a small animal like a mouse with wings that flies at night a thick heavy stick used as a weapon by police officers

a ban on smoking The demonstrators walked along the street, waving banners and shouting angrily. The gorilla rattled the bars of its cage. They drank a whole barrel of beer at the party. He bartered his stamp collection for her comics. What have you based your idea on?

Jake never played baseball like the other kids. This document will form the basis for our discussion.

to be a very bad situation having a particular value, especially in money or emotional importance Our house is worth ? 200 000. She beamed with delight/pleasure at to smile with obvious pleasure his remarks. to have a similarity to another person or thing, She bears a close resemblance to her especially in appearance brother. If you'll just bear with me for a moment, I'll find you a copy of the to be patient and wait while someone does something drawings. a helpful or good effect, or something intended The discovery of oil brought many to help benefits to the town. Do you play any other sports besides in addition to; also football and basketball? a book which is extremely popular and has sold J K Rowling's 'Harry Potter' novels are in very large numbers all bestsellers. (informal) If you say you bet (someone) that something is true or will happen, you mean you are certain that it is true or will happen Bet you can't guess who I saw! This was the first in a series of an act of betraying someone or something, or when someone or something is betrayed betrayals. Do you think there's life beyond the after death grave? (US) a very large board on which advertisements are shown, especially at the side of a road a giant billboard

a basketball star Bats were roosting in the trees overhead. The police were armed with batons and riot shields. Three families living in one room - it's a disgrace!

the life story of a person written by someone else connected with the natural processes of living things a scientist who studies biology a bowl filled with water for birds to drink and bathe a document recording a baby's birth including such information as name, time, place, and parents small things or jobs of different types in a way which shows strong negative emotion such as anger or disappointment having an unpleasantly sharp flavour in a very strange and unusual way empty or clear, or containing no information or mark When a sheep or goat bleats, it makes a high, shaking sound something which is extremely lucky or makes you happy a severe snow storm with strong winds a square group of buildings or houses with roads on each side to fail to take advantage of an opportunity by doing or saying something wrong to move very fast, especially as a result of being frightened to make an expression of strong disapproval or disagreement

He wrote a biography of Winston Churchill. the biological sciences She trained as a biologist. Is the old bird bath still in the garden?

Enclose your birth certificate. I'll need to pack all my bits and pieces. She wept bitterly at the news. a bitter-tasting drink Bizarrely, I've never met him. a blank sheet of paper Lambs bleated for their mothers. It was a blessing that no one was killed in the accident. We once got stuck in a blizzard for six hours. I took a walk around the block. I really blew it when I turned down that job offer, didn't I? Frightened by the car horn, the horse bolted. People at the back started booing loudly.

The lowering of interest rates will give a much-needed boost to the economy. He hasn't even bothered to write. This sort of over-ambitious scheme is certain or extremely likely to happen bound to fail. a man or boy who a person is having a romantic He's not my boyfriend - we're just good or sexual relationship with friends! a medical examination in which an image of the brain is made using a special machine I have to go for a brain scan. Do you always buy the same brand of a type of product made by a particular company coffee? How can he afford to buy himself a completely new, especially not yet used brand new car? to wave something in the air in a threatening or She brandished a saucepan at me so I excited way ran out of the kitchen. If something dangerous or unpleasant breaks out, it suddenly starts War broke out in 1914. when something is improved or increased to make the effort to do something to tell someone about something bad which has just happened and which has an effect on them a place where animals breed and produce their babies Are you going to break the news to her or shall I? These animals always return to the same breeding ground.

to (cause to) become happy or hopeful a ball of air in a liquid, or a delicate hollow sphere floating on top of a liquid or in the air (especially of a woman or girl) attractively full of energy and enthusiasm She's a very bubbly character. Bob and I have been great buddies for a friend years. a large animal of the cattle family, with long curved horns wild buffalo a small dog that can be frightening and has a muscular body, short legs and a large squareshaped face Bulldogs can make good pets. a symbol, often a small black circle, used in text Use bullet points to organise your to show separate things in a list essay. someone who buys something expensive such He's still looking for a buyer for his as a house house. in speech but not in writing The news spread by word of mouth. a chemical, found for example in tea and coffee, which is a stimulant (something which makes people more active) She's avoiding caffeine. to visit someone for a short time Shall I call round tomorrow? an area where people are kept temporarily for a particular reason a labour/prison/refugee camp a person who takes part in organised activities which are intended to change something in society an animal rights campaigner There are three candidates standing in a person who is competing to get a job or elected position the election. a small light narrow boat, pointed at both ends and moved using a paddle (a short pole with a We went for a canoe trip around the flat blade) bay. to be very excited about something and eager to do or experience it I can't wait to see you. She capitalised on her knowledge and experience to get a new and better to use a situation to your own advantage paid job. (a cup of) coffee made with heated milk which is served with a thick mass of bubbles and often powdered chocolate on the top They do an excellent cappuccino here. when someone is taken prisoner, or something They witnessed the capture of the city is taken into your possession, especially by force by rebel troops. to take someone as a prisoner, or to take Two of the soldiers were killed and the something into your possession, especially by force rest were captured. a wheeled vehicle for living or travelling in, especially for holidays, which contains beds and cooking equipment and can be pulled by a car a caravan holiday a box made from material like very thick stiff paper, usually pale brown in colour Old cardboard boxes can be recycled. giving a lot of attention to what you are doing so that you do not have an accident, make a mistake, or damage something Be careful with the glasses.

There are, however, one or two items of good news to brighten the economic picture a bit. As water begins to boil, bubbles rise ever faster to the surface.

the goods carried by a ship, aircraft or other large vehicle to continue doing something, or to cause something to continue a special plastic card given to you by a bank, that allows you to take money out of your bank account using a cash machine a person whose job is to receive and pay out money in a shop, bank, restaurant, etc. a person who has escaped from a ship that has sunk, and managed to get to an island or country where there are few or no other people not regular or fixed; temporary a person injured or killed in a serious accident or war (especially of a tune or song) pleasing and easy to remember to provide what is wanted or needed by someone or something giving a warning in a way that is careful and avoids risks in, at, from or near the centre or most important part of something in particular team sports, the person who is in the middle of the front row of players who try to score goals chief executive officer: the person with the most important position in a company relating to the brain (a set of) formal acts, often fixed and traditional, performed on important social or religious occasions (a length of) rings usually made of metal which are connected together and used for fastening, pulling, supporting, or limiting freedom, or as jewellery to put electricity into an electrical device such as a battery

a cargo ship/plane Let's carry on this discussion at some other time.

Remember to take your cash card! chief cashier

Imagine you're a castaway! casual labour The train was derailed but there were no casualties, police said. a catchy tune I'm catering for twelve on Sunday, all the family are coming. a cautionary tale He cautiously opened the box. central Europe/London A brilliant centre forward scored two goals. She is now the CEO of a successful marketing business. This part of the cerebral cortex is responsible for language.

a wedding/graduation ceremony

The gates were locked with a padlock and a heavy steel chain. She drove the car round the block to charge (up) its batteries. There is a chart on the classroom wall the lists produced each week of the records with showing the relative heights of all the the highest sales children. a type of bird kept on a farm for its eggs or its A male chicken is called a cock and a meat, or the meat of this bird which is cooked and eaten female chicken is called a hen. highest in rank the chief fire officer/accountant a very thin, almost transparent cloth of silk or nylon a chiffon blouse That chihuahua goes everywhere with a very small dog with large eyes and smooth hair her! an astronomy observation laboratory in a country in South America Chile to relax completely, or not allow things to upset you I'm just chilling out in front of the TV. To keep the helmet in position, fasten the part of a person's face below their mouth the strap beneath the chin.

a very small piece of semiconductor, especially in a computer, that contains extremely small electronic circuits and devices, and can perform particular operations (of sea, lakes or rivers) with a lot of small, rough waves caused by the wind to move around or through something, or to make something move around or through something a fact or event that makes a situation the way it is a person who is a member of a particular country and who has rights because of being born there or because of being given rights, or a person who lives in a particular town or city a person who is not a member of the police or the armed forces If a violent event, fighting or a disease claims someone's life, it kills them sticky and slightly wet in an unpleasant way a room in a school or college where groups of students are taught to remove or get rid of whatever is blocking or filling something, or to stop being blocked or full used to show that you think something is obvious or certain to (cause a computer instruction to) operate by pressing a button on the mouse (small control device of a computer) the general development of a situation, or the situation, feelings and opinions that exist at a particular time a building, often part of a hospital, to which people can go for medical care or advice relating to a particular condition in a way that is directly connected or has a strong relationship a flat brown or black insect sometimes found in the home to represent a message in code so that it can only be understood by the person who is meant to receive it when you think or use a conscious mental process connected with thinking or conscious mental processes a small round piece of metal, usually silver or copper coloured, which is used as money an occasion when two or more similar things happen at the same time, especially in a way that is unlikely and surprising one of a group of people who work together (especially of moving objects) to hit something violently

a silicon chip The waves were getting choppy. Hot water circulates through the heating system. I think she coped very well under the circumstances. The interests of British citizens living abroad are protected by the British Embassy. The bomb killed four soldiers and three civilians. The war has claimed thousands of lives. My hands felt all clammy. I couldn't find the right classroom. It took several hours to clear the road after the accident. Clearly, you do not want me to come. If you want to open a file, click twice on the icon for it.

the political/social climate Bring your baby to the clinic and we'll take a look at her. English and German are closely related. I hate cockroaches!

Do you think it's a coded message? a book on human learning, memory and cognition Some of her cognitive functions have been impaired. a 10p/ten pence coin You chose exactly the same wallpaper as us - what a coincidence! We're entertaining some colleagues of Ben's tonight. The two vans collided at the crossroads.

(of words and expressions) informal and more suitable for use in speech than in writing a group of animals, insects or plants of the same type that live together

colloquial speech a colony of ants/termites/bacteria He came across some of his old love letters in his wife's drawer.

to find something by chance a pleasant feeling of being relaxed and free from pain She evidently dresses for comfort. someone who entertains people by telling jokes She's a successful comic now. He's not interested in the painting's related to buying and selling things commercial value. Elbow injuries are commonly found often or usually among tennis players. a person you spend a lot of time with either The dog has been her constant because you are friends or because you are travelling together companion these past ten years. to take part in a race or competition Are you competing in the 100 metres? wanting very much to win or be more successful You're very competitive - it's meant to than other people be a friendly match! We've received a complaint from one when someone says that something is wrong or of our listeners about offensive not satisfactory language. Strawberries and cream complement to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it each other perfectly. involving a lot of different but related parts a complex molecule/carbohydrate Dave couldn't find his passport at the airport and then there were further complications when Fiona lost her something which makes a situation more difficult, or when it does this baggage. She complained that her husband a remark that expresses approval, admiration or never paid her any compliments any respect more. a short piece of writing about a particular subject, done by a student a 200-word composition an agreement in an argument in which the It is hoped that a compromise will be people involved reduce their demands or change their opinion in order to agree reached in today's talks. For many people, dieting is a a very strong or uncontrollable wish (to do something repeatedly) compulsion. to direct your attention or your efforts towards a Come on, concentrate! We haven't got particular activity, subject or problem all day to do this. I'm a bit concerned about/for your worried health. Did you come to/reach/draw any conclusions at the meeting this the opinion you have after considering all the information about something morning? The terrorist action has been condemned as an act of barbarism and to criticise something or someone strongly, usually for moral reasons cowardice. the particular state that something or someone is in The book is in excellent condition. We are conducting a survey to find out what our customers think of their local to organise and perform a particular activity bus service.

an event, sometimes lasting a few days, at which there is a group of talks on a particular subject, or a meeting in which especially business matters are discussed formally a conference on women's rights to admit that you have done something wrong or She confessed to her husband that something that you feel guilty or bad about she had sold her wedding ring. He's got the confidence to walk into a the quality of being certain of your abilities or of room of strangers and immediately having trust in people, plans, or the future start a conversation. having confidence (= when you are certain of your ability to do things well) Be a bit more confident in yourself! The smell of cigarette smoke confirmed what he had suspected: there had been a party in his absence. There was a lot of conflict between him and his father. As she left the court, she was confronted by angry crowds who tried to block her way. We've got two people called Paul James working here, so it's a bit confusing! I was just congratulating Ceri on winning/on having won her race. He's still conscious but he's fairly badly injured. I don't think she's consciously rude to people - it's just her manner. They can't publish your name without your consent. Conservationists are fighting to save our hedgerows. There has been a consistent improvement in her attitude. The three men are accused of conspiracy. He's in constant trouble with the police. He's constantly changing his mind.

to prove that a belief or an opinion which was previously not completely certain is true an active disagreement between people with opposing opinions or principles to face, meet or deal with a difficult situation or person describes something that makes you feel confused because it is difficult to understand to praise someone and say that you approve of or are pleased about a special or unusual achievement awake, thinking and knowing what is happening around you noticing that a particular thing or person exists or is present permission or agreement someone who believes that people should protect nature always behaving or happening in a similar, especially positive, way when people secretly plan together to do something bad or illegal happening a lot or all the time all the time or often (a written document which forms) the set of political principles by which a state or organisation is governed, especially in relation to the rights of the people it governs to build something or put together different parts to form something whole

Britain has no written constitution.

to construct a new bridge/building Our high living standards cause our present population to consume 25 to use fuel, energy or time, especially in large amounts percent of the world's oil. The new telephone rates will affect all a person who buys goods or services for their own use consumers including businesses. The water supply is being tested for contamination (the presence of when something is made less pure or poisonous unwanted or dangerous substances).

existing or happening now someone who competes in a contest the situation within which something exists or happens, and that can help explain it without a pause or interruption (of people) to state the opposite of what someone else has said, or (of one fact or statement) to be so different from another fact or statement that one of them must be wrong an obvious difference between two or more things very different

contemporary music / literature / art / fashion In tonight's quiz, our contestants have come from all over the country. It is important to see all the fighting and bloodshed in his plays in historical context. You can't work continuously for six hours without a break!

If you're both going to lie, at least stick to the same story and don't contradict each other! I like the contrast of the white trousers with the black jacket. contrasting colours/flavours Does flying contribute to global to help to cause an event or situation warming? something that you do or give to help produce or All contributions (presents of money), achieve something together with other people, no matter how small, will be much or to help make something successful appreciated. to order, limit or rule something, or someone's If you can't control your dog, put it on a actions or behaviour lead! a controversial issue / decision / causing disagreement or discussion speech / figure There was a big controversy a lot of disagreement or argument about surrounding/over the use of drugs in something, usually because it affects or is important to many people athletics. resembling a talk between two or more people, usually an informal one a conversational style of writing As it was her first conviction for when someone is officially found to be guilty of stealing, she was given a less severe a particular crime sentence. My boyfriend says I'd enjoy a walking certain holiday, but I'm not convinced. able to make you believe that something is true or right a convincing argument/explanation How did he receive your suggestion?' in a way that shows that you feel calm and not 'Rather coolly - I don't think he was too influenced by strong feeling of any type keen.' to act or work together for a particular purpose, I find it very hard to dress my twoyear-old when she refuses to or to be helpful by doing what someone asks you to do cooperate. to deal successfully with a difficult situation How are you coping with the stress? a single book, newspaper, record or other Have you got a copy of last Saturday's printed or recorded text of which many have been produced 'Guardian', by any chance? to produce something so that it is the same as an original piece of work, or to behave, dress, They've copied the basic design from speak, etc. in a way that is intended to be like the Japanese model and added a few someone else, for example, because you admire them of their own refinements. a substance like rock, formed in the sea by groups of particular types of small animal, that is often used in jewellery a coral bracelet/necklace

a large company or group of companies that is controlled together as a single organisation a multinational corporation a connection between two or more things, often one in which one of them causes or influences There's a high correlation between the other smoking and lung cancer. The film is about a young police-officer illegal, bad or dishonest behaviour, especially by and his struggle to expose corruption people in positions of power in the force. any medical operation which is intended to improve a person's appearance rather than their health a set of clothes worn in order to look like someone or something else, especially for a party or as part of an entertainment a sofa to force air out of your lungs through your throat with a short loud sound the job or process of listening to someone and giving them advice about their problems two or a few things that are similar or the same, or two or a few people who are in some way connected They were offered a few cosmetic improvements to their working conditions, but nothing of significance. Our host was wearing a clown costume. She curled up on the couch and went to sleep. The smoke made me cough. a counselling service The doctor said my leg should be better in a couple of days.

the ability to control your fear in a dangerous or They showed great courage when they difficult situation found out about their baby's disability. Allegations of a cover-up of the effects of industrial pollution have been strongly denied by the Environment an attempt to prevent the public discovering information about a serious crime or mistake Minister. a letter or note which contains information about You will need to include a covering the thing it is sent with letter saying why you want the job. a person, especially in the western US, whose The ranch employed ten or twelve job is to take care of cattle, and who usually rides a horse, or a similar character in a film cowboys. when original and unusual ideas are produced or Too many rules might deaden used creativity. Please credit me with some to consider that someone has a particular quality intelligence! an expression of surprise Crikey, what big teeth you have. a situation that has reached an extremely difficult or dangerous point; a time of great disagreement, uncertainty or suffering crisis talks saying that someone or something is bad or wrong a critical report to express disapproval of someone or something Try not to criticise her. The designs for the new mosque have when you say that something or someone is bad; disapproval attracted widespread criticism. The sound of frogs croaking kept me When animals such as frogs and crows croak, they call making deep rough sounds. awake. (informal) crocodile: a big reptile with a long mouth and sharp teeth, that lives in lakes and rivers Watch out for the crocs!

Her name keeps cropping up in conversation. We were woken at dawn by a cock crowing repeatedly. A crowd of about 15,000 attended the a large group of people who have come together concert. If a place is crowded, it is full of people By ten o'clock the bar was crowded. The farmer was accused of cruelty to cruel behaviour or a cruel action animals. He was crushed by the news of the to upset or shock someone badly accident. something that makes someone with an illness healthy again There's still no cure for cancer. There was a curious-looking man strange and unusual; peculiar standing outside. to sit or lie in a position with your arms and legs close to your body She curled up on the sofa to watch TV. a short written description of your education, qualifications, previous jobs and sometimes also your personal interests, which you send to an employer when you are trying to get a job; curriculum vitae Is your CV up to date? the scientific study of how information is communicated in machines and electronic devices in comparison with how information is communicated in the brain and nervous system a course in cybernetics the Internet considered as an imaginary area You can find the answer to almost any without limits where you can meet people and discover information about any subject question in cyberspace. a group of events which happen in a particular order, one following the other, and which are often repeated the life cycle of a moth slightly wet, especially in a way that is not pleasant or comfortable The grass is still damp. the possibility of harm or death to someone Danger! Keep out! to go somewhere quickly Must dash! information, especially facts or numbers, collected to be examined and considered and used to help decision-making, or information in The data was/were collected by an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer various researchers. a large amount of information stored in a We're linked to the on-line database at computer system in such a way that it can be easily looked at or changed our head office. There's no way I can meet that a time or day by which something must be done deadline. likely to cause death a deadly virus an official document which states that someone A death certificate was issued has died yesterday. She would like to see the return of the the legal punishment of death for a crime death penalty in Britain. It's debatable whether a university not clear, not certain, not fixed; possibly not true degree helps at all. something, especially money, which is owed to He managed to pay off his debts in two someone else, or the state of owing something years. to happen or appear unexpectedly When a cock (an adult male chicken) crows, it makes a very long and loud sharp cry

performed or presented to the public for the first time (an act of) keeping the truth hidden, especially to get an advantage to persuade someone that something false is the truth; to keep the truth hidden from someone for your own advantage; to trick socially acceptable or good when people hide the truth, especially to get an advantage an announcement, often one that is written and official to announce something clearly, firmly, publicly or officially the colour, style and arrangement of the objects in a room to give your energy, time, etc. completely believing that something is very important and giving a lot of time and energy to it when you give a lot of time and energy to something because it is important

She made her professional stage debut in Swan Lake. The story is about theft, fraud and deceit on an incredible scale. The company deceived customers by selling old computers as new ones. Everyone should be entitled to a decent wage/standard of living. He was found guilty of obtaining money by deception. Members of Parliament must make a declaration of their business interests. They declared their support for the proposal. elegant decor He has dedicated his life to scientific research.

a dedicated father/teacher He has always shown great dedication to the cause. The rebels' only form of defence (a) protection or support against attack, criticism against the soldiers' guns was sticks or infection and stones. to protect someone or something against attack How can we defend our homeland if or criticism we don't have an army? someone who protects a place against attack, or The city's defenders were who believes in and supports a person, idea, plan, etc. outnumbered by the besieging army. In this dictionary 'reality' is defined as 'the state of things as they are, rather to say what the meaning of something, especially a word, is than as they are imagined to be'. Have you definitely decided to go to without any doubt America? to take something illegally from a person, company, etc., or to prevent someone from He was found guilty of defrauding the having something that is legally theirs by deceiving them Internal Revenue Service. a course of study at a college or university, or What degree did you do at York?' the qualification given to a student who has done this course 'Geography.' Officials said that the reason for the large number of delayed trains was the happening at a later time than expected or intended bad weather conditions. needing a lot of time, attention or energy She's a very demanding child. the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a system of government based on this belief, in which power is either held by elected representatives or directly by the people The government has promised to themselves uphold the principles of democracy. when a group of people march or stand together The students are holding a demonstration to protest against the to show that they disagree with or support something or someone increase in their fees.

a statement that something is not true or does not exist to go away or leave, especially on a journey unhappy and without hope for the future the state of feeling very unhappy and without hope for the future

a movement down an island, especially in a warm region, where no people live Could you survive on a desert island? to have earned or to be given something After all that hard work, you deserve a because of the way you have behaved or the qualities you have holiday. Reducing class sizes in schools is a worth having and wanted by most people desirable aim. I certainly have no desire to have a strong feeling that you want something children. the feeling that there is no hope and that you can do nothing to improve a difficult or worrying situation a mood/sense of despair needing or wanting something very much They are desperate for help. extremely or very much He was desperately ill. to feel a strong dislike for someone or something because you think they are bad or have no value The two groups despise each other. We arrived at our destination tired and the place where someone is going or where something is being sent or taken hungry. Many people are very concerned about the destruction of the rainforests. Can you produce a report detailing to describe something completely, giving all the what we've spent on the project so facts far? to notice something that is partly hidden or not clear, or to discover something, especially using Some sounds cannot be detected by a special method the human ear. when the police discover information about crimes a low/high crime detection rate the ability to continue trying to do something, although it is very difficult a man of fierce/ruthless determination to give all of something, especially your time, They devote all their time to helping effort or love, or yourself, to something you believe in or to a person others. to recognise and name the exact character of a disease or a problem, by examining it The specialist diagnosed cancer. What was the diagnosis?' 'Arthritis in a judgment about what a particular illness or problem is, made after examining it both joints.' Economists differ on the cause of to disagree inflation. a type of camera that records images which can be viewed on a computer digital data Several foreign dignitaries attended a person who has an important position in a society the ceremony. The President is clearly in a dilemma a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two different things you could do about/over how to tackle the crisis. when something is destroyed

The prime minister issued a denial of the report that she is about to resign. The plane departs at 6.00 a.m. He seemed a bit depressed about his work situation. I was overwhelmed by feelings of depression. The plane began (to make) its final descent into the airport.

to make a liquid weaker by mixing in something Dilute the juice (with water) before you else drink it. a table at which meals are eaten Where can we put the dining table? Although they said nothing, she could when you feel that something or someone is bad sense their disapproval of her or wrong suggestion. to dissociate (= to consider as separate and not He has disassociated himself from the related) rebel army. training which produces obedience (willingness to obey) or self-control, often in the form of rules, and punishments if these are broken, or the obedience or self-control produced by this training parental/military/school discipline a strong feeling of disapproval and dislike at a situation or person's behaviour, etc. She walked out in disgust. disappointed and unhappy because of discovering the truth about something or someone that you liked or respected He's become a disillusioned man. When she noticed her purse had gone feeling very unhappy or disappointed she felt dismayed. not good at planning or organizing things Are you a disorganised person? to arrange something or a collection of things so Family photographs were displayed on that they can be seen by the public the wall. to persuade someone not to do something I tried to dissuade her from leaving. She was deeply distressed by the upset or worried news of his death. a long narrow open hole dug into the ground usually at the side of a road or field, which is used especially for supplying or removing water, or for dividing land The body was found in a ditch. Stop dithering and choose which one to be unable to make a decision about doing something you want! The referee decided that their player in sports like football, when a player falls deliberately to try to win an advantage had dived. At the end of the lecture, I'd like all the students to divide into small discussion to (cause to) separate into parts or groups groups. the sport of jumping into water or swimming under water She enjoys diving. to play records and talk on the radio or at an event where people dance to recorded popular music, such as a nightclub She loves dj-ing at parties. His interest in cricket has been wellto record the details of an event, a process, etc. documented by the media. a paper or set of papers with written or printed information, especially of an official type official/confidential/legal documents someone who does things that they think will I'm not some interfering do-gooder, help other people, although the other people might not find their actions helpful you know. a nation on the island of La Hispaniola in the Caribbean sea a holiday in the Dominican Republic Don't keep her on the doorstep, Jamie, a step in front of an outside door invite her in. twelve a dozen eggs a situation in which each team in a game has equal points and neither side wins The game ended in a draw.

to get money from a bank, account, etc. so that you can use it to put clothes on yourself or someone else, especially a child to move slowly, especially as a result of outside forces, with no control over direction strong and powerful and therefore causing things to happen a small round-shaped amount of liquid to take someone or something to a particular place, usually by car, as you travel to a different place to (cause to) die by being unable to breathe under water If a loud noise drowns out another noise, it prevents it from being heard.

How much does your bank allow you to draw out? My husband dresses the children while I make breakfast. No one noticed that the boat had begun to drift out to sea. a driving ambition I thought I felt a drop of rain.

Can I drop you off at the station? He drowned in a boating accident. Loud music drowned out the conversation.

If something dries up, the water in it disappears. The river had completely dried up. (informal) to suddenly end a romantic If he's so awful, why don't you just relationship you have been having with someone dump him? As dusk fell, bats began to fly between the time before night when it is not yet dark the trees. Duty-free goods are goods bought in special shops in airports, on ships, etc. on which you do He bought his wife some duty-free not pay government tax perfume. having a lot of ideas and enthusiasm; energetic She's young and dynamic and will be a and forceful great addition to the team. a military system of radar stations intended to Dogs can act as an early-warning give a warning as soon as enemy aircraft or bombs come near system. to be paid enough money to live on You'll need to earn your living soon. a very hard dark wood of a tropical tree, used especially for making furniture ebony piano keys E-books are becoming more and more an electronic book popular. The country has been in a very poor economic state ever since the decline relating to trade, industry and money of its two major industries. There's increasing demand for cars not using a lot of fuel, money, etc. which are more economical on fuel. the system of trade and industry by which the wealth of a country is made and used the global economy a person who is in charge of a newspaper or magazine She's editor of The Times. the process of teaching or learning in a school As a child he received most of his or college, or the knowledge that you get from this education at home. It's an extremely effective cure for a successful or achieving the results that you want headache. That man has such an enormous ego I've never known anyone so full of your idea or opinion of yourself, or a great feeling of your own importance and ability themselves! when someone thinks that they are very important and is not interested in other people He's so egotistical, I can't stand it.

containing a lot of careful detail or many detailed parts a time when people vote in order to choose someone for a political or official job a form of energy, produced in several ways, which provides power to devices that create light, heat, etc. the point at which an electric current enters or leaves something, for example, a battery relating to computers or something that is done by computers gracefulness and attractiveness in appearance or behaviour graceful and attractive in appearance or behaviour a part of something when words are left out of a sentence but the sentence can still be understood to fix something firmly into a substance to become known, especially as a result of examining something or asking questions about it a strong feeling such as love or anger, or strong feelings in general to be able to understand how someone else feels the ability to share someone else's feelings or experiences by imagining what it would be like to be in their situation

You want a plain blouse to go with that skirt - nothing too elaborate. The Government is expected to call an election very soon.

The electricity has been turned off. They attached electrodes to her skin. electronically generated graphics It was her natural elegance that struck me. an elegant woman List the elements which make up a perfect dinner party. An example of ellipsis is 'What percentage was left?' 'Twenty' ( = 20 per cent.) The nail was embedded into the wood. The facts behind the scandal are sure to emerge eventually. Like a lot of men, he finds it hard to express his emotions. Children learn to empathise at an early age.

He's lacking in empathy. I'd just like to emphasise how important it is for people to learn to show or state that something is very important or worth giving attention to foreign languages. Poland reached the final of the championship yesterday with an done or said in a strong way and without any doubt emphatic 5-0 victory over Italy. The number of employees in the company has trebled over the past someone who is paid to work for someone else decade. Computerisation should enable us to to make someone able to do something, or to make something possible cut production costs by half. When did you first encounter these to experience, especially something unpleasant difficulties? to make someone more likely to do something, We were encouraged to learn foreign or to make something more likely to happen languages at school. Children need lots of encouragement when someone talks or behaves in a way that gives you confidence to do something from their parents. a result of a series of events or a long process The end result was positive. animals which may soon not exist because there We need to protect endangered are very few now alive species such as the tiger. a country, or the armed forces of a country which is at war with another country The enemy had succeeded in stopping our supplies from getting through.

having the power and ability to be physically and mentally active an energetic young woman to put yourself or someone else onto the official list of members of a course, college or group Is it too late to enrol at the college? The airline is taking steps to ensure to make something certain to happen safety on its aircraft. funny and enjoyable an entertaining story/film The adverts entice the customer into to persuade someone to do something by offering them something pleasant buying things they don't really want. completely I admit it was entirely my fault. to give someone the right to do or have something You're not entitled to destroy things. I'm very envious of your new coat - it's wishing you had what another person has lovely. the conditions that you live or work in and the The office is quite bright and airy - it's way that they influence how you feel or how effectively you can work a pleasant working environment. relating to the air, water and land in or on which People are becoming far more aware people, animals and plants live of environmental issues. describes events that happen over a long period and involve a lot of action and difficulty an epic journey/struggle the point in a game or competition which gives both teams or players the same score a last-minute equaliser to provide a person or a place with objects that It's going to cost $4 million to equip the are necessary for a particular purpose hospital. in a way that changes suddenly and is not regular He drove erratically down the road. a mistake He admitted that he'd made an error. the discovering of secrets, especially political or military information of another country or the industrial information of a business military/industrial espionage a short piece of writing on a particular subject, For homework I want you to write an especially one done by students as part of the work for a course essay on endangered species. someone who works for an estate agency (= a business that arranges the selling, renting or I've always wanted to be an estate management of homes, land and buildings for their owners) agent. Government sources estimate a longto guess the cost, size, value, etc. of something term 50% increase in rail fares. relating to beliefs about what is morally right and wrong ethical and legal issues The evacuation of civilians remains out when people are moved from a dangerous place of the question while the fighting to somewhere safe continues. sometimes but not often I see her every now and again. the way in which living things change and develop over millions of years Darwin's theory of evolution the process of removing earth that is covering very old objects buried in the ground in order to Excavation on the site is likely to discover things about the past continue for several years. much greater than usual, especially in skill, intelligence, quality, etc. an exceptional student Cut off any excess pastry and put it to extra one side.

too much when you give something to someone and they give you something else the waste gas from an engine, especially a car's, or the pipe the gas flows through when you are extremely tired

She was polite but not excessively so.

an exchange of ideas/information Pollution from exhaust fumes is damaging the old buildings. She felt ill with/from exhaustion. The museum has a fascinating an object such as a painting that is shown to the collection of exhibits ranging from Iron public Age pottery to Inuit clothing. unusual and often exciting because of coming (or seeming to come) from a far, especially tropical country exotic flowers/food/designs The holiday lived up to all our when you expect good things to happen in the future expectations. having skill or knowledge because you have done something many times an experienced teacher They were accused of trying to a substance or piece of equipment that can cause explosions smuggle explosives. About 800,000 children are exposed to to make it likely that someone will experience something harmful or unpleasant poisons every year. They're going on an extended holiday long or longer than usual to Australia. covering a large area; having a great range a school with extensive grounds of, on, for or coming from the outside the external walls of the house He told the extraordinary story of his very unusual, special, unexpected or strange escape. either of the two pieces of skin which can close over each eye heavy eyelids something that surprises you and teaches you new facts about life, people, etc. It was a real eye-opener. If you face a problem, or a problem faces you, This is one of the many problems you have to deal with it faced by working mothers. of or on the face facial hair She gave a clear, factual account of using or consisting of facts the attack. to fall to the ground Our apple tree fell down in the storm. to argue with someone and stop being friendly with them Let's not fall out over this! We found a buyer for our house, but to fail to happen then the sale fell through. informal and friendly, sometimes in a way that is not respectful to someone who is not a relation That'll be five pounds, dear,' he said in or close friend an irritatingly familiar way. the special clothes that you wear for a party where everyone dresses as a particular type of character or thing a fancy-dress party a long sharp tooth The dog growled and bared its fangs. We will stay in a farmhouse this the main house on a farm where the farmer lives holiday. Something far-reaching has a great influence on These new laws will have far-reaching many people or things benefits for all working mothers. a style that is popular at a particular time, especially in clothes, hair, make-up, etc. Long hair is back in fashion for men. popular at a particular time a fashionable nightclub/restaurant

a restaurant that serves fast food such as burgers the father of the person you are married to extreme tiredness to include someone or something as an important part an amount of money paid for a particular piece of work or for a particular right or service information or statements of opinion about something, such as a new product, that provide an idea of whether it is successful or liked A fertile mind or imagination is active and produces a lot of interesting and unusual ideas. the type of book or story which is written about imaginary characters and events and not based on real people and facts to move things about or touch things with no particular purpose an area of activity or interest the whole area that someone can see to finally understand something or someone, or find the solution to a problem after a lot of thought a type of skating which involves circular patterns and often includes jumps to give someone extra or missing information a substance that is used to fill small holes and cracks, especially in wood and walls the last in a series of games, races or competitions, usually the one in which the winner is chosen to make very small changes to something in order to make it work as well as possible to an exact degree the pattern of curved lines on the end of a finger or thumb, which is different in every person, or a mark left by this pattern to (cause to) start to operate suddenly a company or business in a way that is certain or definite basic medical treatment which is given to someone as soon as possible after they have been hurt in an accident or suddenly become ill to catch fish from a river, sea, lake, etc., or to try to do this someone who catches fish, especially as their job to repair something

Do you have a favourite fast food restaurant? He gets on well with his father-in-law. She was suffering from fatigue and a stress-related illness. The film features James Dean as a disaffected teenager. legal fees Have you had any feedback from customers about the new soap? a fertile imagination The book is a work of fiction and not intended as a historical account. Put your papers down and stop fiddling! What is your field of research? I could see something just outside my field of vision.

I eventually figured out the answer. a figure-skating champion I filled her in on the latest gossip. cosmetic fillers

Last year we got through to the final. She spent hours fine tuning her speech. a finely-tuned engine

His fingerprints were all over the gun. This part of the brain fires when stimulated. He works for a law firm called Neil and Vigliano. We are firmly committed to reducing unemployment.

Did you learn any first aid at school? They're fishing for tuna. Both of my brothers are keen fishermen. They couldn't fix my old computer, so I bought a new one.

a piece of cloth, usually rectangular and fixed to a pole at one edge, that has a pattern which shows it represents a country or a group, or has Flags of all the participating countries a particular meaning are flying outside the stadium. a large bird with pink feathers, long thin legs, a long neck and a beak that curves down a flock of flamingoes The president was flanked by senior to be at the side of someone or something ministers. when something such as violence, pain or anger There was another flare-up of rioting suddenly starts or gets much worse later that day. a set of rooms for living in which are part of a larger building and are usually all on one floor a furnished/unfurnished flat perfect or without mistakes a flawless complexion to escape by running away, especially because of danger or fear She fled (from) the room in tears. (an act or example of) escape, running away or They lost all their possessions during avoiding something their flight from the invading army. In the fading light we saw bats flitting to fly or move quickly and lightly around/about in the garden. Donations are flooding into the appeal to fill or enter a place in large numbers or amounts office. Our washing machine broke down to cause to fill or become covered with water, especially in a way that causes problems yesterday and flooded the kitchen. an infectious illness which is like a very bad cold, but which causes a fever a flu virus to get rid of something by pushing it somewhere with lots of water, such as down a toilet a mass of very small bubbles formed on the surface of a liquid the main or central point of something, especially of attention or interest to move a part of your body into a position where it is close to your body a person who behaves in a silly way without thinking (a piece of) film especially one showing an event the mark made by a person's or animal's foot costing nothing; not needing to be paid for for example to go from place to place searching, especially for food to make something happen or make someone do something difficult, unpleasant or unusual, especially by threatening or not offering the possibility of choice physical, especially violent, strength or power the flat part of the face, above the eyes and below the hair Please don't flush any rubbish down the toilet. There is too much foam on this coffee. I think Dave likes to be the focus of attention. She sat with her legs folded under her. You fool, you've missed your chance! Woody Allen's film 'Zelig' contains early newsreel footage. What animal made these footprints? Much reading matter is available for free. In the electronics industry, for instance, 5000 jobs are being lost. The children had been living on the streets, foraging for scraps and sleeping rough.

I really have to force myself to be pleasant to him. physical force

She's got a high forehead. The government forestalled criticism to prevent something from happening by acting by holding a public enquiry into the first matter.

to make or produce, especially with some difficulty to make an illegal copy of something in order to deceive to begin to exist or to make something begin to exist a stream of water that is forced up into the air through a small hole, especially for decorative effect, or the structure in a lake or pool from which this flows a vehicle with an engine that supplies power to all four wheels instead of the usual two, so that the vehicle can travel easily over difficult ground. a border which surrounds and supports a picture, door or window the crime of getting money by deceiving people not limited or controlled time when you are not doing anything planned or important without being controlled or limited happening often; common energetic and enthusiastic; not tired when you bring your eyebrows together so that there are lines on your face above your eyes to show that you are annoyed or worried feeling annoyed or less confident because you cannot achieve what you want when you feel annoyed or less confident because you cannot achieve what you want; something that makes you feel like this a substance which is used to provide heat or power, usually by being burned to do something that is expected, hoped for or promised or to cause it to happen completely

The accident forged a close bond between the two families. a forged document A crowd formed around the accident.

People sat around the fountain.

Four-wheel drives can be a nuisance in the city. a picture frame credit card fraud Am I free to leave now? How do you spend your free time? For the first time in months she could move freely. a frequent visitor to the US I'll deal with this problem in the morning when I'm fresh. Leave me alone, ' she said with a frown. Are you feeling frustrated in your present job? I could sense his frustration at not being able to help. Wood, coal, oil, petrol and gas are all different kinds of fuel. A school fails if it does not fulfil the needs/requirements of its pupils. Have you fully recovered from your illness? You'll soon learn how the office functions.

to work or operate a sum of money saved, collected or provided for a particular purpose a pension/trust fund We need to make fundamental changes to the way in which we treat forming the base, from which everything else develops; more important than anything else our environment. Ian is trying to get funding for his money given by a government or organisation for an event or activity research. a (usually religious) ceremony for burying or burning the body of a dead person The funeral will be held next Friday. I suggest we use Barkers as our main suppliers - they're good and in addition; more importantly furthermore they're cheap. Please, stop fussing - the food's to give too much attention to small matters which are not important, usually in a way which cooking and there's nothing more to do shows that you are worried and not relaxed until the guests arrive.

to get something that is useful, that gives you an advantage, or that is in some way positive, especially over a period of time a surface on which you find the controls for a piece of electrical equipment or a machine a group of young people, especially young men, who spend time together, often fighting with other groups and behaving badly a building where a car is kept, which is built next to or as part of a house a substance in a form like air that is neither solid nor liquid When people or animals gather, they come together in a group a part of the DNA in a cell which contains information in a special pattern received by each animal or plant from its parents, and which controls its physical development, behaviour, etc. calmly, kindly or softly If something is genuine, it is real and exactly what it appears to be a person whose job involves the study of the systems and processes involved in the world's weather, mountains, seas, lakes, etc. and of the ways in which countries and people organise life within an area to criticise a person repeatedly in a way that makes them unhappy to find someone or obtain something to become more ill, or to become a more severe condition something which is not serious or of real value that is used to attract people's attention or interest temporarily, especially to make them buy something relating to the whole world the world

The Nationalist Party have gained a lot of support in the south of the country. We need a new games console. This one is broken. Fights among rival gangs account for most murders in the city. Did you put the car in the garage? Oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen are all gases. A crowd had gathered to hear her speak.

The illness is believed to be caused by a defective gene. He lifted the baby gently out of its cot. genuine leather

a well-known geographer Stop getting at me! Where can I get hold of some stamps? My cold seems to be getting worse.

a publicity gimmick a global catastrophe/problem His greatest ambition is to sail round the globe.

a gradual increase in world temperatures caused by polluting gases such as carbon dioxide which are collecting in the air around the Earth and preventing heat escaping into space a discussion on global warming describes a book or magazine which has been produced on shiny and expensive paper and contains many colour pictures a glossy coffee-table book It's not good for me but I keep going to want to keep doing or having something back for more. to try to have or achieve something Do you think I should go for the job? He's decided to leave the band and go to do something without other people it alone as a singer. Some people go to great lengths to to try very hard to achieve something make their homes attractive.

the player who stands in the team's goal to try to stop the other team from scoring The goalkeeper ran towards the ball. We knew there was gold as the floor gold in powder form was covered in gold dust. made of gold a golden necklace a large dog which has gold or cream-coloured fur We have a golden retriever and a cat. He's very good-looking but not terribly describes a physically attractive man or woman bright. The country is now being governed by to control and direct the public business of a country, city, group of people, etc. the Labour Party. to take hold of something or someone suddenly A mugger grabbed her handbag as and roughly she was walking across the park. in a polite and pleasant way They are growing old gracefully. Lorna graduated from the University of to complete a first university degree successfully London. the art of designing pictures and text for books, magazines, advertising, etc. a graphic design course being famous, powerful, or important as one of a Her greatness as a writer is particular type unquestioned. from, belonging to or relating to Greece Greek history/culture feeling very sad because someone has died grieving relatives to earn a particular amount of money before tax The film has grossed over $200 million is paid or costs are subtracted this year. unpleasant or of bad quality a grotty little room The government is trying to limit an increase in the size or the importance of something population growth. The pigs were grunting contentedly as (of a pig) to make a low rough noise they ate their food. Just looking at a picture of the sea is If something guarantees something else, it makes certain that it will happen guaranteed to make me feel sick. using unusual methods to get attention for your ideas, products, etc. guerrilla marketing I always buy the same brand of something which you do often and regularly, sometimes without knowing that you are doing it toothpaste just out of habit. a person who cuts people's hair and puts it into a style, usually working in a special shop, called a hairdresser's I'm going to change my hairdresser. He made a rather half-hearted attempt showing no enthusiasm and interest to clear up the rubbish. Italy had a comfortable three-goal lead a short rest period between the two parts of a sports game over France by half-time. to give something to someone in a position of authority Have you handed in your papers? to give something to each person in a group or place Can you hand out these forms please? to pick something up and touch, hold or move it I thought he handled the situation very with your hands well. to fasten or support something at the top leaving the other parts free to move, or to be held in this A heavy gold necklace hung around way her neck. He started shouting so I hung up (on to end a telephone conversation him).

(something which causes) difficult or unpleasant conditions of life, or an example of this economic hardship Thankfully no one was harmed in the to hurt someone or damage something accident. Peter might look a bit fierce, but not able or not likely to cause harm actually he's fairly harmless. I can't face the hassle of moving house (a situation causing) difficulty or trouble again. Unfortunately the report was prepared in haste and contained several (too much) speed inaccuracies. The president hastened to reassure his people that he was in perfect health. They hauled the boat out of the water. Fighting in Vietnam was an experience that would haunt him for the rest of his life. You seem to have all the cares of the world on your shoulders today. We don't really have much in common. He was born in Hawaii. She's an excellent head teacher.

If you hasten to do something, you quickly do it to pull something heavy slowly and with difficulty

to cause repeated suffering or anxiety

to be very worried by many different problems to share interests, experiences or other characteristics with someone or something a U.S.A. state someone who is in charge of a school a line of words printed in large letters as the title of a story in a newspaper, or the main points of the news that are broadcast on television or radio the main offices of an organisation such as the army, police or a business company a serious medical condition in which the heart does not get enough blood, causing great pain and often leading to death to make something hot or warm, or to become hot or warm excited or angry used to mean 'I don't know' or to emphasise a statement

The news of his death was splashed in headlines across all the newspapers. The company's headquarters is/are in Amsterdam. John had a heart attack three years ago. A large house like this must be expensive to heat. a heated debate

Heaven knows where she has gone. The airline has been criticised for to pay attention to something, especially advice failing to heed advice/warnings about or a warning lack of safety routines. to increase or make something increase, especially an emotion or effect heightened emotions If you help out, you do a part of someone's work or give someone money Can I help you out with some money? His mother was Italian, hence his that is the reason or explanation for; therefore name - Luca. features belonging to the culture of a particular society, such as traditions, languages or These monuments are a vital part of buildings, which still exist from the past and which have a historical importance the cultural heritage of South America. to pause before you do or say something, often She hesitated slightly before because you are uncertain or nervous about it answering the inspector's question.

when you pause before doing something, especially because you are nervous or not certain women's shoes in which the heels are raised high off the ground describes something that moves or operates very quickly

After a slight hesitation, she began to speak. high-heeled shoes

a high-speed train/ferry He's dropped given several hints to the something that you say or do that shows, but not boss that he'll quit if he doesn't get a directly, what you think or want promotion. to make a noise which is like the first sound in the word 'sing' but which lasts a lot longer Why do snakes hiss? Many important historical documents were destroyed when the library was connected with the study or representation of things from the past bombed. to collect large amounts of something and keep During the siege people began it in a safe, often secret, place hoarding food and supplies. a very large board on which advertisements are shown, especially at the side of a road an advertising hoarding Where are you going on your a holiday taken by a man and a woman immediately after their marriage honeymoon? hurray Hooray! I've finished. Hordes of students on bikes made a large group of people crossing the road difficult. any of various chemicals made by living cells which influence the development, growth, sex, etc. of an animal and are carried around the body in the blood male and female hormones very bad and shocking a horrific accident/crime an extremely strong feeling of fear and shock, or The crowd cried out in horror as the the frightening and shocking character of something car burst into flames. a person who introduces guests and performers, Our host for tonight's show is Terry especially on television or radio Wogan. to give a person or animal a place to live, or to It will be difficult to house all the provide space for something refugees. He was a household name in the a famous person that most people know of 1950s. There's a shortage of cheap housing in buildings for people to live in the region. to hold someone or something close to your body with your arms, usually to show that you like, love or value them Have you hugged your child today? He gave her a hugely expensive to a great degree; extremely diamond ring. She hummed to herself as she walked to sing without opening your mouth to school. The massacre was a crime against people in general humanity. not proud or not believing that you are important He's very humble about his success. ordinary; not special or very important Welcome to our humble home. a machine which makes dry air in a room wetter We bought a humidifier for the office.

Losing my job was the most humiliating thing that ever happened to making you feel ashamed or stupid me. saying that you have particular moral beliefs but Their accusations of corruption are hypocritical - they have been just as behaving in a way that shows these are not sincere corrupt themselves. imagined or suggested but not necessarily real or true a hypothetical example/situation a thick layer of ice that permanently covers an area of land polar ice caps a very large mass of ice that floats in the sea a huge iceberg very famous or popular, especially being considered to represent particular opinions or a John Lennon gained iconic status particular time following his death. without fault; perfect, or the best possible the ideal employer Ideally, I'd like to work at home but it's used when describing the perfect situation just not practical. to recognise someone or something and say or Even the smallest baby can identify its prove who or what they are mother by her voice. My younger son has a very vivid active the ability to form pictures in the mind imagination. Some of the younger pop bands try to to behave in a similar way to someone or imitate their musical heroes from the something else, or to copy the speech or behaviour, etc. of someone or something past. Ten-year-olds have started wearing lipstick and make-up in imitation of the when someone or something behaves in a similar way to someone or something else older girls. perfectly clean or tidy dressed in an immaculate white suit We must make an immediate happening or done without delay or very soon after something else response. coming or likely to happen very soon imminent disaster/danger Well, I have shown you how to do this when you are annoyed by someone's mistakes before, ' she said, unable to disguise or because you have to wait her impatience. He's a good teacher, but inclined to be easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or because you have to wait a bit impatient with slow learners. In the phrase 'Leave him alone!', the verb 'leave' is an imperative/is in the the form of a verb which is usually used for giving orders imperative. Gradually she began to notice one or two little imperfections in his character. The owner's name and address is to put an organ, group of cells, or device into the stored on a microchip and implanted in body in a medical operation the dog's body. The changes to the national health to put a plan or system into operation system will be implemented next year. a fault or weakness The company is cutting back its the effect that an action or decision will have on spending and I wonder what the something else in the future implications will be for our department. I remember when I was a child being to cause someone to admire or respect you very impressed with how many toys because of something that you have done or said she had.

an idea or opinion of what something is like to fix an event or experience so firmly in the memory that it cannot be forgotten although you That look of grief would be imprinted do not try to remember it on her mind forever. He did a lot to improve conditions for to (cause something to) get better factory workers. wanting to do something quickly Are you in a hurry? suffering extreme physical or mental pain She collapsed in agony. Who will be in charge of the being the person who has control of or is responsible for someone or something department when Sophie leaves? If he carries on like this he's in danger the possibility that something bad will happen of losing his job. The new mobile designs are very to be needed or wanted by a lot of people much in demand. when someone or something is in danger and needs help The child was clearly in distress. These are the running shoes favoured to support or approve of something or someone by marathon runners. Andy and Vicki had a furious row outside their house, in full view of the able to be seen by other people neighbours. when people are peaceful and agree with each We rarely disagree and are usually in other, or when things seem right or suitable together harmony. especially extremely quickly at a point which is far away She wanted a particular type of cactus. The boy disappeared in the blink of an eye. On a clear day you can see the temple in the distance. The trousers shrank when I washed them, but they weren't really big enough in the first place. He didn't mean it - he said it in the heat of the moment. How can you find time to read in the midst of a busy day? in the name of progress His casual behaviour was wholly inappropriate for such a formal occasion. Tax incentives have been very effective in encouraging people to save and invest more of their income. We had a marvellous meal at that restaurant you recommended incidentally, I must give you the number of a similar one I know. Average incomes have risen by 4.5% over the past year. an incorrect answer/diagnosis

I didn't get much of an impression of the place because it was dark when we drove through it.

in or at the beginning (of a series of events) If you say or do something in the heat of the moment, you say or do it without thinking because you are very angry or excited in the middle of an event, situation or activity (said or done) in order to help a particular thing succeed

unsuitable something which encourages a person to do something used before saying something that is not as important as the main subject of conversation, but is connected to it in some way money that is earned from doing work or received from investments not correct or not true

used for saying that something is very difficult to Incredibly, no one was hurt in the believe accident. A moment's indecision when you've got the ball and you could lose the the state of being unable to make a choice game. not influenced or controlled in any way by other people, events or things an independent enquiry/organisation Exploratory investigations have indicated large amounts of oil below to show, point or make clear in another way the sea bed. a sign that something exists, is true, or is likely There are few indications (that) the to happen economy is on an upswing. Each individual table is finished by existing and considered separately from the other things or people in a group hand. a single person or thing, especially when Every individual has rights which must compared to the group or set to which they belong never be taken away. a country in Southeast Asia Indonesia is a very large archipelago. into or inside a building Come indoors, it's cold outside. They induced her to take the job by to persuade someone to do something promising editorial freedom. the relationships between companies and their workers industrial output the companies and activities involved in the process of producing goods for sale, especially in a factory or special area trade and industry The accident was the inevitable certain to happen and unable to be avoided or consequence/result/outcome of prevented carelessness. Their arguments inevitably end in in a way that cannot be avoided tears. a baby or a very young child a newborn infant a disease in a part of your body that is caused by bacteria or a virus a serious infection describes something that has an effect on everyone who is present and makes them want to join in an infectious laugh to affect or change how someone or something She's very good at making friends and develops, behaves or thinks influencing people. Their pilots are guided by an infrared optical system that shows images a type of light that feels warm but cannot be seen clearly even at night. (of a thing) cleverly made or planned and involving new ideas and methods What an ingenious solution! Initially, most people approved of the at the beginning new scheme. coloured liquid used for writing, printing and drawing a bottle of ink a person who is kept in a prison or a hospital for people who are mentally ill Her job is to interview the inmates. Inner feelings or thoughts are ones that you do Sarah seemed to have a profound not show or tell other people sense of inner peace. An inquest is always held if murder is an official process to discover the cause of someone's death suspected. an official process to discover the facts about something bad that has happened a judicial inquiry

Insecure people have little confidence and are uncertain about their own abilities and about whether other people really like them (the ability to have) a clear, deep and sometimes sudden understanding of a complicated problem or situation to state or demand forcefully, especially despite opposition when someone is unable to sleep, over a period of time

I wonder what it was about her upbringing that made her so insecure. It was an interesting book, full of fascinating insights into human relationships. Greg still insists (that) he did nothing wrong. Holly suffered from insomnia for months after her daughter was born. He gave an inspirational reading of his making you feel hopeful or encouraged own poems. encouraging, or making you feel you want to do She was an inspiring example to her something followers. This type of account offers you instant happening immediately, without any delay access to your money. All his instincts told him to stay near the way people or animals naturally react or behave, without having to think or learn about it the car and wait for help. Instinctive behaviour or reactions are not thought about, planned or developed by training an instinctive reaction She knew instinctively that he was behaving or reacting naturally and without thinking dangerous. a person whose job is to teach people a practical skill an aerobics instructor an agreement in which you pay a company money and they pay your costs if you have an accident, injury, etc. life/health/car/travel insurance to protect yourself against risk by regularly paying a special company that will provide a fixed amount of money if you are killed or The house is insured for two million injured or if your home or possessions are damaged, destroyed or stolen pounds. He's an integral part of the team and necessary and important as a part of, or contained within, a whole we can't do without him. the ability to understand and to think in an intelligent way, or the ability to do these things Her energy and intellect are respected to a high level all over the world. Looking after a baby at home all day is nice but it doesn't provide much relating to your ability to think and understand things, especially complicated ideas intellectual stimulation. to have as a plan or purpose extreme and forceful or (of a feeling) very We intend to go to Australia next year. intense cold/heat/hatred It wasn't my intention to exclude her from the list - I just forgot her.

something that you want and plan to do the percentage that a bank or other financial company charges you when you borrow money, or the percentage it pays you when you keep money in an account high/low interest rates It's their problem and I'm not going to to involve yourself in a situation when your involvement is not wanted or is not helpful interfere. The interior walls have patches of inside damp on them. involving more than one country international politics We see each other at regular intervals a period between two events or times, or the space between two points - usually about once a month.

to interest someone a lot, especially by being strange, unusual or mysterious to help someone experience or find out something for the first time the first part of something

Throughout history, people have been intrigued by the question of whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe. I'd like to introduce my younger son, Mark. Have you read the introduction to the third edition?

I didn't realise your husband was here, to go into a place or situation in which you are not wanted or not expected to be Dr Jones - I hope I'm not intruding. affecting someone or something in an annoying, disturbing and unwanted way intrusive questioning Concentrations of troops near the to enter a country by force with large numbers of border look set to invade within the soldiers in order to take possession of it next few days. The new job will provide you with extremely useful invaluable experience. He is very inventive, always dreaming very good at thinking of new and original ideas up new gadgets for the home. when something is changed so that it is the Her account of the case was an opposite of what it was before, or when something is turned upside down inversion of the facts. Police are investigating allegations of to examine a crime, problem, statement, etc. carefully, especially to discover the truth corruption involving senior executives. The team's continued involvement in the act or process of taking part in something the competition is uncertain. (abbreviation for) I owe you: a written promise to He has a large number of bills and pay back a debt IOUs. used, usually at the beginning of a sentence, to Ironically, although many items are now cheaper to make, fewer people show that you find something interesting, strange or funny can afford to buy them. These documents are largely irrelevant not related to what is being discussed or considered and therefore of no importance to the present investigation. It would be irresponsible to ignore not thinking carefully enough or not worrying about what might result from actions taken these warnings. a subject or problem which people are thinking and talking about environmental/ethical/personal issues The office will be issuing permits on to produce or provide something official Tuesday and Thursday mornings. a style of writing or printing in which the letters lean to the right This sentence is printed in italics. They have an adorable itty-bitty little (US) extremely small dog. either of the two bones in your mouth which hold your teeth upper/lower jaw unhappy and angry because someone has something or someone you want, or because He had always been very jealous of his you think they might take something or someone that you love away from you brother's good looks. a short simple tune, often with words, which is She writes radio jingles and music for easy to remember and is used to advertise a product on the radio or television TV commercials. She suggested half-jokingly that they should sell the family car and all buy in a way which is intended to be funny bikes instead.

the work of collecting, writing and publishing news stories and articles in newspapers and magazines or broadcasting them on the radio and television

a career in journalism They were filled with joy when their great happiness first child was born. to form, give or have as an opinion, or to decide So far, he seems to be handling the job well, but it's really too soon to about something or someone, especially after thinking carefully judge. a person who has the knowledge to give an opinion about something or is able to decide whether someone or something is good or bad She's such a bad judge of character. to guess the facts about a situation without having enough information Let's not jump to conclusions! a tropical forest in which trees and plants grow The Yanomami people live in the very closely together South American jungle. a dish consisting of small pieces of meat and vegetables that have been put on a long thin stick or metal rod and cooked together Let's get a kebab. They were very keen to start work as very interested, eager or wanting (to do) something very much soon as possible. a type of small bird that eats meat Kestrels are excellent hunters. very important and having a lot of influence on She was a key figure in the other people or things international art world. It takes half an hour for the tablets to to start to have an effect or to happen kick in. His parents kicked him out and he had to force someone to leave a place or organisation nowhere to go. Killer whales are highly intelligent a small black and white whale that eats large fish and other sea animals creatures. a set of things, such as tools or clothes, used for a particular purpose or activity a first-aid/tool kit to supply someone or something with the They went shopping to get kitted out clothes or equipment that are needed for a particular purpose for the trip. to go down into, or stay in, a position where one or both knees are on the ground I knelt down on the hard floor. a tool, usually with a metal blade and a handle, used for cutting and spreading food or other substances, or as a weapon a fish/butter/steak knife a laboratory a science lab He laboured up the hill with his heavy to do something slowly with great physical or mental effort load. to (cause to) arrive at a place after moving down through the air We should land in Madrid at 7am. The invention of the silicon chip was a landmark in the history of the an important stage in something's development computer. almost completely a largely male company of an effort or attempt which is made at the end of a series of failures to solve a problem, and is not expected to succeed a last-gasp attempt the act or sound of laughing She roared with laughter . to begin something such as a plan or introduce something new such as a product The scheme was launched a year ago.

to move money which has been obtained illegally through banks and other businesses to make it seem to have been obtained legally the dirty clothes and sheets which need to be, are being or have been washed when the laws of a country are being obeyed, especially when the police or army are used to make certain of this the way that something is arranged to control a group of people, a country, or a situation the main singer in a band a person in control of a group, country or situation

Officials were accused of laundering the stolen funds overseas before returning them to the US. I've got to do wash my laundry.

We need to promote law and order. I like the the layout of the house. I think we've chosen the right person to lead the expedition. He used to be a lead singer in a band.

a religious leader a leading expert on the country's very important or most important ecology a piece of paper which gives you information or Demonstrators handed out leaflets to advertises something passers-by. A leafy place is pleasant and has a lot of trees a leafy lane/suburb animal skin treated in order to preserve it, and used to make shoes, bags, clothes, equipment, etc. a leather coat/belt/handbag Don't leave out any important to not include someone or something information. My dad gave me a lecture on the evils an angry or serious talk given to someone in order to criticise their behaviour of alcohol last night. some leftover curry from last night's food remaining after a meal meal We enjoyed a leisurely picnic lunch on describes an action that is done in a relaxed way, without hurrying the lawn. continuing for a long time a lengthy discussion/process a building, room or organisation which has a collection, especially of books, for people to read or borrow usually without payment a public/university library to give someone official permission to do or have something a dog licence to move the tongue across the surface of something He licked the chocolate off his fingers. She looked at him from under halfan eyelid (= either of the two pieces of skin which can close over each eye) closed lids. The hardest part of the competition still to exist lies ahead of us. I spent a week in Spain, lying around to spend time lying down and doing very little on the beach. A life-threatening situation is a very serious one life-threatening diseases such as that can cause death cancer The novel has a light-hearted happy and not serious approach to life. to control something so that it is not greater than I've been asked to limit my speech to a particular amount, number or level ten minutes maximum. Is there a limit on the amount of money the greatest amount, number or level of something that is either possible or allowed you can claim? a way of walking slowly and with difficulty because of having an injured or painful leg or foot She has a slight limp.

a row of positions used to defend against enemy They were taken prisoner while on a reconnaissance mission behind enemy attack, especially the ones closest to enemy positions lines. Several important changes are expected in the line-up for Thursday's a group of people that has been brought together to form a team or take part in an event match against Scotland. someone who studies foreign languages or can speak them very well, or someone who teaches or studies linguistics a famous linguist The explosions are not thought to be to make a connection between two or more people, things or ideas linked in any way. a substance, such as water, that is not solid or a Mercury is a liquid at room gas and that can be poured easily temperature. to live outside not in a house, and sleep on the ground He had been living rough for months. having or showing a lot of energy and enthusiasm, or showing interesting and exciting It's hard work teaching a class of lively thought children. a sum of money which is borrowed, often from a bank, and has to be paid back, usually together with an extra amount of money that you have to She's trying to get a $50,000 loan to pay as a charge for borrowing start her own business. an animal which lives in the sea and has a long body covered with a hard shell, two large claws and eight legs, or its flesh when used as food a lobster fisherman a type of box made of wire used for catching lobsters Lobster pots were piled up in the boat. to be fixed, or seem to be fixed, in one position His eyes locked on mine. a design or symbol used by a company to advertise its products a corporate logo Her long-held ambition is to go into (of an idea or opinion) believed for a long time space. A large crowd looked on as the band to watch something happen but not become involved in it played. There were some loose wires hanging not firmly fixed in place out of the wall. to worry about something Don't lose any sleep over him. The children behaved so badly that I to suddenly become angry lost my temper. Many parents feel a sense of loss when you no longer have something or have less of something when their children leave home. showing a lot of love towards someone a loving relationship describes land that is at or near the level of the People living in low-lying areas were sea evacuated because of the floods. firm and not changing in your friendship with or Jack has been a loyal worker in this support for a person or an organisation, or in your belief in your principles company for almost 50 years. a plastic card which is given to a customer by a business and which is used to record information about what the customer buys and Do you have a supermarket loyalty to reward them for buying goods or services from the business card? of or relating to the moon the lunar surface the time in the middle of the day when most people eat a meal What are you doing at lunchtime?

to move forward suddenly and with force, especially in order to attack someone great comfort, especially as provided by expensive and beautiful things a group of large machines or the parts of a machine which make it work (informal) magazine (= a type of thin book with large pages and a paper cover which contains articles and photographs and is published every week or month) a system for producing electronic pictures of the organs inside a person's body, using radio waves and a strong magnetic field very good, beautiful or deserving to be admired

He suddenly lunged at her with a broken bottle. to live in luxury industrial/farm machinery

Have you got any mags I can borrow? They study brain activity using magnetic resonance imaging. a magnificent view

considered normal, and having or using ideas, This is the director's first mainstream beliefs, etc. which are accepted by most people Hollywood film. Exercise can make a big difference to to improve a situation your state of health. He's made a name for himself as a to become famous or respected by a lot of people talented journalist. to have a powerful effect on a situation or person The right clothes can make an impact. She's very ambitious but I doubt she'll to be very successful ever make it big. (informal) used to tell someone that you want them to do something immediately and to do it quickly I'm in a hurry. Please make it snappy. I can't make sense of what he's to understand something that is difficult to understand saying. I made up an excuse about why I was to say or write something that is not true late. One of the prizes was a makeover at a a set of changes that are intended to make a person or place more attractive top beauty salon. temporary and of low quality, but used because Thousands of refugees are living in of a sudden need makeshift camps. The male of the species is less a boy, man, or male animal aggressive. to succeed in doing something, especially something difficult How will you manage? Mankind has always been obsessed the whole of the human race, including both men and women by power. The Maoris arrived in New Zealand one of the original people of New Zealand and from Polynesia over 1,000 years the Cook Islands before the Europeans. to walk somewhere quickly and in a determined She marched into my office demanding way, often because you are angry to know why I hadn't written my report. The oil slick seriously threatens marine related to the sea or sea transport life around the islands. Make sure you don't mark the paintwork while you're moving the to make a mark on something or someone furniture around. to represent or show a characteristic of a person The band's songs have always been or thing or feeling marked by controversial lyrics.

the people who might want to buy something, or a part of the world where something is sold a job that involves encouraging people to buy a product or service the person in an organisation who is charge of encouraging people to buy a product or service skill in shooting a sport that is a traditional Japanese or Chinese form of fighting or defending yourself a covering for all or part of the face which protects, hides or decorates the person wearing it having an effect on or involving a large number of people or forming a large amount very large in size, amount or number a sports competition or event in which two people or teams compete against each other information used when writing something such as a book, or information produced in various forms to help people or to advertise products the largest amount allowed or possible useful, serious or important a way of achieving something, or a method for dealing with a situation the flesh of an animal when it is used for food related to the Middle Ages (= the period in European history from about 600 AD to 1500 AD) to start to feel love or sympathy, especially after feeling angry to turn from something solid into something soft or liquid, or to cause something to do this

You'll need to research the market thoroughly. a career in marketing The marketing directors are having a meeting. I admired his marksmanship. I study martial arts.

a gas mask weapons of mass destruction They've got a massive house. a football/cricket/tennis match I'm in the process of collecting material for an article that I'm writing. The temperature will reach a maximum of 27° today. C She seems to find it difficult to form meaningful relationships. What further measures can we take to avoid terrorism? I don't eat meat.

a medieval building/painting/town He only has to look at her, and she melts.

The snow usually melts by mid March. You have to apply for membership of the state of belonging to an organisation the sports club. likely to be remembered or worth remembering a memorable performance relating to the mind, or involving the process of His physical and mental health had got thinking worse. used to emphasise that something is not large or The plane crashed mere minutes after important take-off. I feel I've messed up my chances of to spoil or damage something, or to do something wrong or badly becoming a great singer. an expression which describes a person or object in a literary way by referring to something that is considered to have similar characteristics 'The mind is an ocean' and 'the city is to the person or object you are trying to describe a jungle' are both metaphors. someone who studies meteorology (= the scientific study of the processes that cause particular weather conditions) He's training to be a meteorologist. The company has a 20% share in the very small market for mini or micro cars. a device that uses lenses to make very small They looked at the blood samples objects look larger, so that they can be scientifically examined and studied under the microscope.

very large, powerful or important slightly abbreviation for minute the industry or activity of removing substances such as coal or metal from the ground by digging in a way that is very surprising or difficult to believe to guess an amount or distance wrongly to cause someone to believe something that is not true any work that someone believes it is their duty to do thin fog produced by very small drops of water collecting in the air just above an area of ground or water to confuse someone or something with someone or something else to use something in an unsuitable way or in a way that was not intended to (cause different substances to) combine, so that the result cannot easily be separated into its parts the particular way in which something is done a city state in Europe a sudden change from one extreme mood to another

In the next game they will face the mighty Redskins. I was mildly surprised to see him here. Cooking time required: 30-35 mins.

coal/salt mining Miraculously, no-one was hurt. I misjudged how far I had to throw the ball. He has admitted misleading the police about his movements on the night of the murder. My mission in life is to educate the rich about the suffering of the poor. The mountain villages seem to be permanently shrouded in mist. I think you have mistaken me for someone else. She was accused of misusing company funds. Oil and water don't mix. Even if you shake them together they separate into two layers. a modality of communication the Prince of Monaco He experiences severe mood swings.

based on principles that you or people in general Morally, you're right, but in practice I consider to be right, honest or acceptable don't think it would work. a smooth, hard substance forming a layer inside the shells of some sea animals. It is white but also seems to shine with many different colours. It is used to make buttons and for decoration. a mother-of-pearl necklace Like so many people, he's motivated to cause someone to behave in a particular way by greed. Our staff are hard working and highly wanting to do something well motivated. a person who drives a car Her father is a keen motorist. Many mountaineers have tried to climb a person who climbs mountains as a sport or job this peak. to leave your home in order to live in a new one We're moving house next week. If the police, army or any group of people in authority move in, or if someone moves them in, they take control or attack, in order to deal with The police moved in to stop the a difficult or dangerous situation protesters. causing strong feelings of sadness or sympathy a very moving story to spoil something completely, or do something I really prepared for the interview very badly because I didn't want to muck it up.

to attack a person in a public place and steal their money to think carefully about something for a long time involving several different countries, or (of a business) producing and selling goods in several different countries very many of the same type, or of different types to think about something carefully and for a long time a fungus with a round top and short stem. Some types of mushroom can be eaten connected with myths a thin hard area that covers the upper side of the end of each finger and each toe not covered by clothes telling a story the character who tells you what is happening in a book or film bad or very unpleasant a country, especially when thought of as a large group of people living in one area with their own government, language, traditions, etc. an area of a country that is protected by the government because of its natural beauty or because it has a special history existing or happening in all parts of a particular country an event which results in great harm, damage or death, or serious difficulty a person who studies and knows a lot about plants and animals the type or main characteristic of something an area of land which is protected in order to keep safe the animals and plants that live there, often because they are rare a piece of jewellery worn around the neck, such as a chain or a string of decorative stones, beads, etc. as you would expect; added to, or used to introduce, a remark giving information which is expected and not surprising

He was mugged in broad daylight. I need a few days to mull things over before I decide if I'm taking the job. The UN has sent a multinational peace-keeping force. The youth died of multiple burns. I began to muse about/on the possibility of starting my own business. wild/cultivated mushrooms a mythological hero/creature Stop biting your nails! a naked man a narrative poem The narrator's identity is never revealed. a nasty shock/surprise All the nations of the world will be represented at the conference. National parks help to preserve wildlife. a nationwide network/chain of shops Can such a natural disaster ever be predicted? Attenborough is a very popular naturalist. What was the nature of his inquiry?

We visited many nature parks.

a gold/silver/pearl necklace Needless to say, he'll be off work for a while. Some of the neighbours have complained about the noise from our party. Nepal is famous for its beauty.

someone who lives very near to you a country in South Asia a group of long thin fibres (structures like threads) that carry information or instructions between the brain and other parts of the body

the optic nerve Do you feel/get nervous during worried and anxious exams? a rectangular piece of material made from string If the ball touches the net during a service in a game of tennis, you have which is used to separate the two sides in various sports to serve again.

a nerve cell that carries information between the brain and other parts of the body a person who studies the nervous system and brain not saying or doing anything that would encourage or help any of the groups involved in an argument or war an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean an area or position which is exactly suitable for a small group of the same type

motor neuron disease a successful neuroscientist If there's an argument between my daughter and her mother, it's important that I remain neutral. Have you ever visited New Zealand?

niche advertising He's been nominated by the Green Party as their candidate in the next to officially suggest someone for an election, job, position or honour election. There are serious problems in our country. Nonetheless, we feel this is a despite what has just been said or done good time to return. describes something that does not exist or is not Government funding of alternative present in a particular place health care is virtually non-existent. without stopping or without interruptions a non-stop flight They walked in a northerly direction towards or in the north across the desert. He said he hadn't the faintest idea (informal) used to emphasise that you do not know something where it was. If something must on no account/not on any You must not on any account let them account be done, it must not be done at any time or for any reason in. to be common and/or of very little value That old car isn't worth a dime now. I've put the list of players up on the a board on a wall on which notices can be fixed noticeboard. He achieved/gained notoriety for murdering eleven women in the north the state of being famous for something bad of England. one of Britain's most notorious famous for something bad criminals new and original, not like anything seen before a novel idea to push something or someone gently, especially to push someone with your elbow the middle part of your arm where it bends to attract The children were giggling and their attention nudging each other. We have discussed these plans on many numerous occasions. a place where very old people who are ill live and receive medical treatment and care He lives in a nursing home now. the dry fruit of particular trees which grows in a hard shell and can often be eaten a Brazil/cashew nut when someone expresses or feels opposition to Her objection to/against the plan is or dislike of something or someone based on incorrect facts. That's a new dress, isn't it?' 'Yes, you good or quick at noticing things are observant!' to watch carefully the way something happens The role of scientists is to observe and or the way someone does something, especially describe the world, not to try to control in order to learn more about it it. If something or someone obsesses you, or if you obsess about something or someone, you think The whole relationship obsessed me about them all the time for years.

Gas lamps became obsolete when not in use any more, having been replaced by something newer and better or more fashionable electric lighting was invented. to get something, especially by asking for it, buying it, working for it or producing it from something else to obtain permission clear; easy to see, recognise or understand a particular time, especially when something happens or has happened to keep someone busy or interested to exist or be present in, among, etc. a sea creature with a soft oval body and eight tentacles (long parts like arms) strange or unexpected a smell, often one that is unpleasant describes an experience or opportunity that is very special because it is the only time you will be able to have it upset and hurt or annoyed feelings, often because someone has been rude or shown no respect to ask someone if they would like to have something or if they would like you to do something a room or part of a building in which people work, especially sitting at tables with computers, telephones, etc., usually as a part of a business or other organisation a title or form of address for a member of the police force Something that is on its last legs is in such bad condition that it will soon be unable to work as it should after serious and careful thought at the point just before something very different and noticeable happens during the time that something is happening or that you are doing something describes products, services or information that can be bought or used on the Internet the beginning of something without hiding any of your thoughts or feelings to cut a body open for medical reasons in order to repair, remove or replace a diseased or damaged part a person being competed against in a sports event in some political systems, the elected politicians who belong to the largest party which does not form the government It's obvious (that) she doesn't like him. We met on several occasions to discuss the issue. Those books will keep her occupied for a while. Violence of some sort seems to occur in every society. An octopus can change colour. Her father was an odd man. Inside the room there was the unmistakable odour of sweaty feet. Winners of the competition will win a holiday of a lifetime. I really didn't mean (to cause/give) any offence - I was just stating my opinion. I feel bad that I didn't offer them any food/offer any food to them.

the director's office Were you aware of the speed you were driving at, madam?' 'No, officer.'

That bike is on its last legs! On reflection, perhaps I should go. The team was on the edge of success. I'm discovering a lot about French life on the way. an online newspaper/magazine/dictionary The opening of the novel is amazing. They were openly contemptuous of my suggestions. If the growth gets any bigger they'll have to operate. In the second game, her opponent hurt her leg and had to retire.

the Leader of the Opposition

to make a choice, especially for one thing or possibility in preference to any others not different or special or unexpected in any way; usual not using artificial chemicals in the growing of plants and animals for food and other products a group of people who work together in a structured way for a shared purpose the beginning or cause of something first of all used to show that something is completely different from what you think it is or from what was previously stated If something happens out of the blue, it is completely unexpected a result or effect of an action, situation, etc. old-fashioned and therefore not as good or as fashionable as something modern (especially in the past) a person who has broken the law and who lives separately from the other parts of society because they want to escape legal punishment to give the main facts about something If food is out-of-date, it is old and not now safe to eat to get an advantage over someone by acting more cleverly and often by using a trick

Mike opted for early retirement. an ordinary neighbourhood organic food/fruit/farms/farmers an illegal organisation the origin of the species Originally it was a bedroom, but we turned it into a study. He might have told you he was a qualified electrician, but the truth is quite otherwise. He quit his job out of the blue. It's too early to predict the outcome of the meeting. outdated weapons/ideas Robin Hood was an outlaw who lived in the forest and stole from the rich to give to the poor. At the interview she outlined what I would be doing. Throw away any out-of-date packets. Does he think he can outsmart me? After a heart attack you have to be careful not to overdo it/things (= you have to work and live calmly). I overheard a very funny conversation on the bus this morning. I think the engine is overheating. People today suffer from information overload (= being given too much information). Overpopulation is one of the country's most pressing social problems. You must learn not to overreact to criticism. We need to open up overseas markets.

to do something in a way that is too extreme to hear what other people are saying without intending to and without their knowledge to (cause to) become hotter than necessary or wanted

when you have or get too much of something (of a country) having too many people for the amount of food, materials and space available there to react in an extreme, especially an angry or frightened, way in, from or to other countries to cause someone to feel sudden strong emotion

I am overwhelmed by your generosity. The team were overwhelmingly strongly or completely; in an overwhelming way defeated in yesterday's game. to need to pay or give something to someone because they have lent money to you, or in exchange for something they have done for you I owe Janet ten pounds. someone who owns something Are you the owner of this car?

the speed at which someone or something moves, or with which something happens or changes a large house that is the official home of a king, queen or other person of high social rank a drug or medical treatment that reduces pain without curing the cause of the pain a sudden strong feeling of fear that prevents reasonable thought and action a newspaper a piece of equipment made of a large piece of special cloth which is fastened to someone or something that is dropped from an aircraft, in order to make them fall slowly and safely to the ground a large number of people walking or in vehicles, all going in the same direction, usually as part of a public celebration of something feeling extremely nervous and worried because you believe that other people do not like you or are trying to harm you to put a vehicle in a place where it can stay for a period of time, usually while you leave it a tropical bird with a curved beak, which is often kept as a pet and can be trained to copy the human voice a person who takes part in or becomes involved in a particular activity an extremely small piece of matter

a slow/fast pace a royal/presidential palace palliative care a state of panic a daily/weekly/local/national paper

a parachute jump

a victory parade He started feeling paranoid and was convinced his boss was going to fire him. Where have you parked?

an Amazonian parrot a willing participant Dust particles must have got into the motor. We're particularly interested to hear from people who speak two or more European languages. His attractiveness is partly due to his self-confidence. They have a close partnership. a part-time job We're having a party tonight - pass it on. A narrow passage led directly through the house into the garden. The gunmen opened fire, killing a policeman and a passer-by. a passionate speech

especially, or more than usual to some extent, but not completely the state of being closely involved with another person or organisation If you work part-time or do part-time work, you work for only some of the day or the week to tell someone something that another person has told you a usually long and narrow part of a building with rooms on one or both sides, or a covered path which connects places someone who is going past a particular place, especially when something unusual happens having very strong feelings or emotions a food made from a mixture of flour, fat and water, which is rolled flat and wrapped round or put over or under other foods and baked a set of actions, especially ones which lead to a goal or result to watch, listen to, or think about something or someone carefully or with interest a round green seed, several of which grow in a pod, eaten as a vegetable

shortcrust/puff/filo/choux/flaky pastry The path to success is fraught with difficulties. If you don't pay attention now, you'll get it all wrong later. frozen/dried peas

freedom from war and violence, especially when people live and work together happily without disagreements an oval-shaped nut that grows underground in pairs inside a thin brown shell a sum of money paid regularly by the government or a private company to a person who does not work any more because they are too old or they have become ill used when expressing rates, prices or measurements to mean for each a liquid with a pleasant smell, usually made from oils taken from flowers or spices, which is often used on the skin

peace talks/proposals peanut oil

They find it hard to live on their state pension. The meal will cost $20 per person.

What perfume are you wearing? Her work means that she spends long a length of time periods away from home. Three hundred people perished in the to die, especially in an accident or by being killed, or to be destroyed earthquake. Smoking is likely to damage your always and forever health permanently. If someone is given permission to do something, You will need permission from the they are allowed to do it council to extend your garage. They find the company's attitude confusing and difficult to understand or solve perplexing and unreasonable. to treat someone unfairly or cruelly over a long period of time because of their race, religion, or Religious minorities were persecuted political beliefs or to annoy someone by refusing and massacred during the ten-year to leave them alone regime. If an unpleasant feeling or situation persists, it continues to exist If the pain persists, consult a doctor. a medium-sized computer which is used mainly Personal computers must be left in the by people at home rather than by large organisations lockers. These figures should be correct because I've checked them personally. I signed a petition against the proposed closure of the local hospital today.

done by you and not by someone else a document signed by a large number of people demanding or requesting some action from the government or another authority a liquid obtained from petroleum, used especially as a fuel for cars, aircraft and other vehicles plural of phenomenon something that exists and can be seen, felt, tasted, etc., especially something which is unusual or interesting used when you are happy that something difficult or dangerous has finished or is not going to happen, or when you are tired or hot an extreme fear of a particular thing or situation, especially one that cannot be reasonably explained a person who takes photographs, either as a job or hobby connected with the body

a petrol tank/pump/station unexplained phenomena

Gravity is a natural phenomenon. Phew! I'm so glad I don't have to give that speech.

I've got a phobia about/of worms. a fashion/press/amateur photographer physical exercise/fitness/strength/disabilities

of the way in which the bodies of living things work to criticise, punish or be unkind to the same person often and unfairly a very long large tube, often underground, through which liquid or gas can flow for long distances an area painted with lines for playing particular sports, especially football a restaurant that sells pizza to cause worry, pain or difficulty to someone or something over a period of time (used for emphasis) complete to cover a surface or an object with something completely or thickly a person who performs plastic surgery a medical operation to bring a damaged area of skin, and sometimes bone, back to a usual appearance, or to improve a person's appearance a large flat area of land that is high above sea level in a law court, to say you are responsible for breaking a law (the state of having) enough or more than enough, or a large amount a secret plan made by several people to do something that is wrong, harmful or not legal, especially to do damage to a person or a government

a physiological process Stop picking on me! The pipeline will be built beneath our house. a football/hockey/cricket pitch Is there a pizzeria near here? Financial problems have been plaguing their new business partners. It was plain stupidity on Richard's part. She had plastered her bedroom walls with photos of pop stars. a well-known plastic surgeon

Several of the crash victims had to have extensive plastic surgery. a high mountain plateau The jury has to decide whether a person is guilty or innocent of a crime. Would you like some more wine?' 'No thanks, I've had plenty.'

The plot was discovered before it was carried out. House prices have plummeted in to fall very quickly and suddenly recent months. The farmer claimed that he shot the to catch and kill animals without permission on men because they were poaching on someone else's land his land. The photograph awakens poignant causing or having a very sharp feeling of sadness memories of happier days. to tell someone about some information, often He was planning to book a rockbecause you believe they do not know it or have climbing holiday, till I pointed out that forgotten it Denis is afraid of heights. a substance that can make people or animals ill The pest control officer put bowls of rat or kill them if they eat or drink it poison in the attic. very harmful and able to cause illness or death poisonous chemicals The march will be heavily policed by to control or guard a public event or area by using members of the police or a similar force an anti-riot unit. a set of ideas or a plan of what to do in They believe that the European particular situations that has been agreed Community needs a common foreign officially by a group of people, a business organisation, a government or a political party and security policy. to ask a question, especially in a formal situation Can we go back to the question that such as a meeting Helena posed earlier? I don't respond very positively to being bossed around - it just makes me in a good or hopeful way angry.

The region has enormous potential for economic development. A number of potential buyers have possible when the necessary conditions exist expressed interest in the company. to hit or beat repeatedly with a lot of force, or to I could feel my heart pounding as I crush something by hitting it repeatedly went on stage to collect the prize. The company's putting out a lot of PR public relations about the new product line. Qualifications are important but relating to experience, real situations or actions practical experience is always an rather than ideas or imagination advantage. quality of being suitable for a particular occasion I bought these shoes for their or use practicality not their appearance. What can European companies learn something that is usually or regularly done, often as a habit, tradition or custom from Japanese business practices? Elizabeth Quan is a London-based practitioner of traditional Chinese someone involved in a skilled job or activity medicine. The bunker's precise location is a exact and accurate closely guarded secret. to say that an event or action will happen in the It's still not possible to accurately future, especially as a result of knowledge or experience predict the occurrence of earthquakes. Something which is predictable happens in a way or at a time which you know about before it happens Comets appear at predictable times. mostly or mainly a predominantly Muslim community when you like something or someone more than Her preference is for comfortable another person or thing rather than stylish clothes. (of a woman and some female animals) having young developing inside the womb She's five and a half months pregnant. describing the period before there were written records prehistoric man/humans/animals an unfair and unreasonable opinion or feeling, especially when formed without enough thought Laws against racial prejudice must be or knowledge strictly enforced. The company is relocating to new the land and buildings owned by someone, especially by a company or organisation premises. She was overawed by the presence of when someone or something is in a place so many people. to introduce a television or radio show She presents the late-night news. The speaker gave an interesting a talk giving information about something presentation on urban transport. to keep something as it is, especi

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