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第 01 讲

Ex. 1A 1. A. his home work B. quickly, to play 2. A. The huge black horse B. the race 3. A. have thought about B. going into space 4. A. warms up and crawls B. out of the bag 5. A. one of the most beautiful planets to look at through a telescope B. because of the many rings that surround it 6. A. 165 years B. to complete its path, or orbit, around the sun 7. A. you and your brother B. How many pairs of shorts 8. A. the most expensive meal listed on the menu B. What 9. A. an “Outdoor Code” B. their members

10. A. can blow B. as fast as 180 miles (290 kilometers) an hour 11. A. The spiral of heated air and moist air B. to twist and grow and spin 12. A. The direction a hurricane’s spiral moves B. counterclockwise 13. A. does not shine B. At the north pole: for half of the year 14. A. The cold winds that blow off of the Arctic Ocean B. a very cold place 15. A. might have been B. guilty of murder Ex. 1B 1. SVC Within the stricken area, not a single soul remained alive, and the city centre looked as if it had been razed by monster steam-roller. 2. 3. SV SVO The bomb exploded 1,000 ft. above the groun. On August 6, 1945, an American aircraft dropped a bomb on the Janpanese town of Hiroshima.



Three days later, yet another bomb of the same kind gave the town of Nagasaki the same fatal blow. 5. SVOC The explosion made one and a half square miles of the city an expense of reddish rubble. 6. SVA Within the fraction of a second, the bomb changed from a metal cylinder into an immense mass of enpanding gas, millions of degrees hot. 7. SVOA A tremendous blast of hot air whirled the debris of stone, cencrete, metal, and wood over the ground. Ex. 1C 1. 2. Walden Pond, once praised by Thoreau for its Almost every summer night the cooling natural beauty, is now the site of many tourist stands. northeast wind swept through our bedroom windows, marking air conditioning unnecessary and a light blanket welcome. / Swepping through our bedroom windows almost every summer night, the cooling northeast wind made…


The steep surrounding slopes were capped

with snow, which fed two streams plunging down to join in the valley below. 4. With the river on one side and a large tree providing shade, this is a good spot for a picnic, and we can spread our blanket on the grassy knoll. 5. Panting for breath after running up the stairs, Mr wood stood at his neighbour’s door and knocked again and again till someone opened it. 6. The town folk envied horace, who had come into a small fortune with which he bought a big house and obtained a partnership in the biggest grocery in town. 7. Standing in front of the mirror, Jim looked at his image, wondering at the big change that had come over him in recent years. 8. The idea that his only daughter whom he had greatly wronged might never forgive him almost drove him mad. 9. The story, written in plain language, consists of three parts with an interesting plot centering round an aristocratic family living in 17th century France.

10. Mud-covered and shivering, John sat hunched over a bowl of hot broth prepared by his father to drive off the chill. 11. Far above the waters of a beautiful lake and over the tops of the tall pime trees growing on the steep of a hill stand five Chinese-style pavilions. 12. Farther down the street, the old man stopped and leaned against a lamp-post, listening to a cheerful song coming out of a restaurant on the opposite side of the street. 13. blank. 14. Throughout the day Mrs Rymer behaved very properly, her pleasant, refined face wearing a grave look, her elegant figure wrapped in deep mourning while occasionally she uttered a sigh or a sob. 15. Tony thought it necessary to break the news to his family, that Mr Jacob, his former employer, had promised him a half-day job at 20 pounds a week. 16. The thought that he might have wronged his friend who had rendered him good services on many occasions

Sarah sank in the nearest chair, completely

exhausted, her limbs stiff with cold, her mind a piece of

troubled his mind, already overburdened with worries and cares. 17. The men of the disbanded royal bodyguard, with unrest, unemployed and perhaps suddenly turned loose onto the street of a capital seething disgruntled at their abrupt dismissal, were a potentially dangerous element. 18. For many years London has been a business centre with hotel accommadation for visiting businessmen toghter with well-to-do travellers but completely inadequate for the swarms of shour-stay tourists landing at Heathrow or disembarking at Dover. 19. Nearing the top, he climbed recklessly faser and faster, his eyes already glowing with triumph, but suddenly he slipped and fell, tumbling to the ground and lying motionless there, a crumpled pile of arms and legs. 20. Bertrand Russell was one of the very few persons who have received both the Order of Merit, which was conferred on him by the British government in 1949, and the Nobel Prize for literature, conferred in Norway in 1950. 新编英语语法教程 第 02 讲 练习参考答案

Ex. 2A 1. come 6. are 11. are were Has 27. are was/were Ex. 2B 1. were is 7. is 11. have were, they were 新编英语语法教程 第 03 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 3A 1. is 7. is sells 18. is 23. stops 2. was 8. is 13. is 3. is 9. is 14. are 25. is 4. has 10. is 15. are 20.provides 5. were 16. are 21. are 6. means 12. 17. is 22. was 11. were 2. have 8. are 3. is, is 9. is 4. was 10. are, are 13. was, It, was 19. were 14, 16. 20. 5. were 6. 2. are 12. are 17. are 22. were 3. has / have 8. is 13. was 18. is 23. is 14. are 19. is 24. is 4. are 15. lie 20. was 25. are 29. is / are 5. are 10. were 16. 21. 26. is 30. 7. was / were 9. costs

28. cover, are

12. are, their, their 17. was

It / They, is / are

15. are, their, they, disapprove 18. are

19. was 24. is

26. does

27. produces

28. is Ex. 3B 1. ’s is 13. are looks 23. was 28. is

29. is 2. are 8. were 19. are

30. was 3. is 4. are 5. is 11. is 16. is 21. understand 26. was 31. is 41. are 36. are 46. was 6. was 17. are 7. 18.

9. is

10. ’s 15. have

12. is, is, is 22. has 27. are 37. is 47.

14. is

20. are 30. was 40. live 44. is 49. has

24. have 29. is 39. is 48. is

25. was 35. are 45. are

32. is / are 42. points /

33. leaves 38. comes point is / are Ex. 3C 1. is / are 6. remain 15. are / is come Ex. 4A

34. is / are

43. are

50. was 4. is / are 13. is 5. is / are 14. am 19.

2. is / are 7. is 11. is 16. was

3. is

8. are 12. plays 17. is, has

9. has / have 18. was / cares 20. is

新编英语语法教程 第 04 讲 练习参考答案 1. description peculiarity 2. arrangement 5. expectation 3. attendance 4.

6. argument

7. dependence measurement 13. extension entrance Ex. 4B 1. 4. 5. 8. 11. / 13. / / 17. / / 18. forgetfulness

8. originality 11. purity 14. statement 19. happiness 2.

9. exaggeration 15. generosity 20. seriousness foods are

10. 16.

12. persistence

17. loneliness

strange sounds


chief, tribes, their, salmon (s) The runners-up were given pound notes / The bodies, their heroes 7. 9. / 10. 6. mice, runners-up were each given a pound note. tooth-marks Crises, occur, families these businesses 15. 20.

12. fruits are 14. these articles are well written 18. sufferings 19. professors

16. several personal kindnesses

children are playing, sands Ex. 4C 1. experience 2. waters 3. for advice 5. for it is fun 8. directors are

4. an

important piece of information 6. were not numerous

7. Poultry

9. militia

10. geniuses 12. sympathies 17. foliage is 20. Luggage is 2. piece 7. grain 11. fleet 3. choir 8. head 12. cluster 16. piece 21. flock 24. bench 27. suite 4. flash

11. 13. experiences 15. clippings, were 18. photos 19.

merchandise has 16. lookers-on 12-page Ex. 4D 1. blade 6. gang collection bunch 19. herd 23. troupe collection 30. library Ex. 4E 1-5 BCADC 16-20 BDCAB 新编英语语法教程 Ex. 5A 1. 2. 3.

14. were times, rivalry

5. lump 10. 14. 18. bar 26.

9. staff 13. bundle 17. ear 25. grove

15. team 20. pack

22. crowd / swarm 29. band

28. squadron

6-10 CBDAB

11-15 ADBBC

第 05 讲 练习参考答案

my father has a car the bull has horns the prisoner escaped

4. 5. 6. 7. letter 8. 9.

her parents consented somebody released the prisoner somebody assassinated the President a letter from the general / the general sent a the crowd felt sympathy a college for women

10. a summer day, a day in the summer 11. the earth has a (rough) surface 12. the absence lasted ten days 13. a doctoral degree, a doctorate 14. the bird made the nest 15. the committee made a report 16. a story told by the girl / the girl told a story 17. the volcano erupted 18. the victim had courage / the victim was courageous 19. somebody punished the boy 20. the critics recevied the play in a hostile manner Ex. 5B 1. The comedian performed, and he was well received by a huge audience.

这位喜剧演员的演出很受广大观众的欢迎。 2. She was thankful, for her little girl had quickly

recovered. 她的小女孩很快康复,为此她非常感谢。 3. problem. 教育孩子成了大问题。 4. 5. 6. He was happy that his wife loved hime. He did that because he loved his wife. The enemy was defeated, and the war was 他陶醉于妻子对他的爱情。 他干这个是出于对妻子的爱。 How to educate children presents a big

brought to an end. 战争以敌人的失败而告终。 7. him. 约翰因受到老师的嘉勉而感到高兴。 8. She was punished for stealing, and the John was pleased because his teacher praised

punishment was a year in prison. 她因偷窃被判刑一年。 9. As he had served unfailingly, the servant was

remembered in his master’s will as a reward.

由于仆人忠实可靠地服务,主人在遗嘱中提出遗赠作 为报酬。 10. William’s homework is the only example that is never bably done. 只有威廉的家庭作业一贯做得好。 Ex. 5C 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. decade 11. …the enemy’s unconditional surrender / the unconditional surrender of the enemy. 12. …other people’s criticism of him.

…Dick’s decision to emigrate to Australia. the expansion of the Physics Department / The …a novel of Jane Austen’s. That long report of Mr Allen’s… Those new shoes of yours… …the article of the student… …Shakespeare’s tragedies / the tragedies of …a ship’s carpenter. The punishment of the offenders…

Physics Department’s expansion…


10. …the past decade’s events / the events of the past


…the younger generation’s education / the

education of the younger generation. 14. …at John Wiley’s, the bookseller’s. 15. …an article of T. Johns’… 16. …this policy of the government’s…? 17. …an idiot’s tale. 18. That dog of Frank’s… 19. This book of Joe Hill’s… 20. Jane’s letter… Ex. 5D 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. The leg of the table is broken. Mary and John’s house is on the corner. …on birs’s nests. …the students’ problems. …at the Joneses’. / …Charles’ car but someone else’s. …in ten years’ time. The products’ effectiveness…

10. This week’s news… than the last two weeks’. 11. …others’ problems. 12. …each other’s worries.

13. My brother and sister-in-law’s house… 14. A friend of my father’s… 15. A wheel of the car… 16. / 17. The baseball player’ wives… 18. …women’s clothing only. 19. …Milton’s long poems. 20. Those new shoes of yours… 新编英语语法教程 第 06 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 6A 1-5 AABDB DBDCD Ex. 6B 1. books 6. sign line 2. end 7. money 11. sentences 14. case 3. words 4. news 5. weeks 10. 13. apple, 16. bales 20. 8. intelligence 12. strength 15. nurses 9. books 6-10 CCCDB 11-15 ACABC 16-20

money, etc cases Ex. 6C 1-5 BDCAD CDDCC

17. novel, ones

18. years, cause

19. rooms

6-10 BDBDC

11-15 BBCAB



Ex. 6D 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. …little opportunity to travel. …many such novels. … / Neither sentence is correct English. He has many more problems… …this kind of apple / these kind (s) of apples. I enjoy either kind, … …every book in the fiction section. …than in any other country in the world. …a greater amount of rainfall this year than

there was last year. 10. …all this luggage / all the luggage at the airport. 11. …such beautiful poetry / such a beautiful poem that it is hard to believe she has never had a formal education. 12. …a great many friends in New York. 13. Whatever nonsense… 14. That third sister of his… 15. I can’t for the life of me remember. 16. Presumably there are fewer / less diseases… 17. …than all other methods. 18. …once every three months.


…study of language.

20. …some more soup? Ex. 6E 1. 2. labour. 3. 4. problem. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. I know little French. There must be less empty talk but more Were there many people at the reception? May I have a few words with you? There were fewer people today at the He’s done the least work. There are several methods of approaching this How much work have you done this morning? To dig a tunnel will need a great amount of

practical work.

exhibition than yesterday. 10. Harry made the fewest mistakes. 11. You’ve learnt more poetry and done more exercises than I have. 12. Jack’s done the most work and made the most mistakes. 13. He’s done a lot of work and made a lot of mistakes.


A millionaire has lots of money—and lots of

worries. 15. Anna has enough worries because she hasn’t got enough money. 16. The telephone rang every few minutes. 17. We have been persisting in making the experiment all these last few cold days. 18. Both his next books on English linguistics will come out in 2006. 19. Soon we learned that we had to wait another three more weeks. 20. My brother spent $ 500 for a second-hand car, but I spent almost twice the amount for the same stuff. Ex. 6F 1. much any 10. little 18. every Ex. 7A 1. 0 2. 0 3. the, an 4. the 5. 0 6. the, the,

2. many 11. fewer 19. each

3. any

4.some 8. many 16. All

5. some, 9. few 13. either 17. none

6. any

7. Some, any 15. Both 20. any, all

12. little / less

14. either, neither

新编英语语法教程 第 07 讲 练习参考答案


7. 0, a 12. A

8. 0, the

9. a, the 14. the

10. the 15. 0, 0 18. the, 20. a, 0,

11. 0, the 16. 0, the the, a, the 0, 0, 0, 0 / a Ex. 7B 1. a 8. the 13. a 19. a 25. an a the 42. 0 48. a Ex. 7C

13. The, the

17. 0, a, an, a, the 19. the, the, the, the, the, the

2. the 9. a 14. the

3. a 10. the

4. a 11. 0

5. a 16. 0 22. the 28. the 34. a 39. an 45. the 51. the

6. an 17. the 23. a 29. the

7. the 18. a 24. 0 30. 36. 41. 0 47. the

12. the

15. a 21. an 27. the

20. a / the 26. the 37. the 43. a 49. the

31. the

32. the 44. a 50. the

33. a

35. the 40. 0 46. 0

38. the

2. Lake Michigan Qomolangma World Cup 9. NATO The Times

3. The Straits of Gibraltar


5. The National Gallery 7. Christmas 11. Newsweek

6. the 12.

8. The Olympic Games 14. the Finance Ministry 17. a John Spence

10. the BBC 13. Whitehall 16. the Senate

15. Parliament







watermans 22. church 25. the 28. The 31.

20. The White House 23. table hospital school 26. prison 32. a bus

21. university 27. The train 33. the ferry 36. the Pope 40. law

24. the university 29. hovercraft

hovercraft, the boat 35. The film 38. Language Ex. 7D Ⅰ. 1. the my a Ⅱ. 1. a 7. an the 19. a Ex. 7E 1. on the spot 2. the 8. a 14. the 20. other 2. a 8. a 14. a

30. a taxi

34. a cinema 37. a world

39. experience

3. the 15. Sam’s

4. a

5. his 11. the 22. her 4. an 11. 0

6. the 12. 0 23. your 5. the 12. a

7. 13.

9. the 20. His

10. the 21. the

16. the

17. A

18. the

19. The

3. another 9. an 10. 0 15. Each 21. the 24. a 23. the

6. a 13. 18. the

16. a

17. the

22. another

25. the

26. the 3. on hand

2. from top to bottom

4. an the front fancy to

5. in a fashion

6. taken a 9. in

7. in case of

8. took the fancy of

trouble, lend a hand 11. within reach of 14. in the shade 15. at a loss

10. went by the board 12. on top of 13. In the case of 16. in possession of 18. under cover 20. at short notice

17. in the possession of 19. burning the midnight oil Ex. 7F 1. 2. 3. space. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Light travels faster than sound.

Be quiet, please. Don’t let me hear a sound. In writing English, after each word we leave a This box occupies too much space. After a big meal, you should take a rest. Everybody needs food, drink and rest. He did it out of kindness. Thank you. You have done me a kindness. He lives close at hand.

10. The children suffered a lot at the hands of their stepfather. 11. Have you got an English-French dictionary? 12. Have you got an English and a French dictionary?

13. How do you like the red and white roses in my garden? 14. Have you seen the red (roses) and the white roses in my garden? 15. He is still in hospital. 16. I’m going to the hospital to see him. 17. There is a garden in front of the house. 18. There is a picture in the front of the book. 19. This style of dress is no longer in fashion. 20. She likes to read about the lastest fashion. 21. Don’t talk too much at table. 22. My friend was sitting at the table writing a letter. 23. When we called, his family were at dinner. 24. When we called, his family was giving a dinner. 25. The students take / took quite a fancy to their teacher. 26. The exhibits in the hall soon took the fancy of the visitors. 27. The old man is in possession of a huge fortune. 28. This island was once in the possession of the Great Britain. 29. You must immediately consult a doctor in case of

illness. 30. Pauline is stupid, but it is different in the case of Mary; she is just lazy. 新编英语语法教程 第 08 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 8A 1. its to 2. his, he 6. its / their 3. them 7. its 10. it 4. it has 11. it 5. it, it has 12. his / their 15. his / their 18. has, his 19. they, 8. him / them

9. he is / they are 13. isn’t it 16. has, her themselves Ex. 8B 1. it / she 2. It

14. take / takes 17. their 20. tends, itself 3. it / her 6. himself 4. her

5. his / one’s, 8. it / she 11. it / 15. It 19.

he / one, his / one’s she his or her

7. she 10. it / she

9. he / he or she, he / he or she 13. it / him

12. his / his or her, his / 14. it / him, it / he 18. it / she 17. his / her

16. he / he or she he / he or she Ex. 8C (略)

20. he / he or she, he / he or she

新编英语语法教程 第 09 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 9A

1. me 7. whom 11. him who Ex. 9B whom, her

2. me 8. who 12. its

3. she

4. me

5. her 14. his 18. her

6. she 15. 19.

9. who 13. anyone else’s 17. his

10. whoever

16. whoever 20. whom

1. theirs , ours professor himself beside ourselves he / he himself herself 18. him 25. who 29. one / he Ex. 9C 1. 2. 3. enhanced… 4. 12. him 19. his 16. whoever arriving late

2. its, it ’ s

3. of his

4. The 6. 9.

5. for herself 7. conducts himself 10. no change 13. me 8. itself

11. she / she 15. who 22. your

14. whom 21. his

17. us, who 20. whoever 27. me 23. whomever 26. whoever 30. whether you 24. Their 28. he himself

…to teach the facts of life to their children. …to change this situation… …with great potentials which are not …major in accounting.

5. 6. 7. 8. sold… 9. doors.

Bud Ellis challenged Jody Baker to a game of This morning’s paper says that Route 4 can’t be On a hill was situated the cottage, which… Two weeks after his uncle moved to Florida, Ed …as if the jails were equipped with revolving

chess when they met at the Recreation Centre. used until the flood damage is repaired.

10. I put the package of frozen strawberries… 11. Before she left for Europe, Mother asked Mrs Spry to visit her. 12. …this vitamin, which is essential to sound teeth. 13. Burkett’s being given the leading role in the play displeased the rest of the cast. 14. …all the clothes stored in the attic were ruined. 15. Ann and Jan wouldn’t even look at each other when they met… 16. Since her arrival in New York, this was the first time that she had seen her mother. 17. …shoes. This pleased Mother tremendously. 18. …Those / The people interviewed are sometimes

indignant. 19. When he spoke to the lawyer, Dad was extremely nervous… 20. …that the holiday makers can hardly find places to sit down, which is why those people who hate crowds keep away from these places. Ex. 9D 1. I I 2. My 8. my 13. their 3. my 9. I 4. I 5. I 6. themselves 11. these 12. 17. I 7. them 10. them

14. their 15. their 16. their

18. myself 19. them 20. them 21. I 24. me me it 31. I 36. they 32. they 33. the

22. I 23. I 34. their 35.

25. it 26. my 27. my 28. I 29. they 30. 37.they 38. they 39. They

新编英语语法教程 第 10 讲 练习参考答案 Ex, 10A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Don’t speak loudly. The children are sleeping. Don’t disturb me. I’m thinking. The chidlren were jumping to keep warm. The woman got mad. She was hitting her head Old Tom knows Russian, but he can’t speak it

against the wall.

well. 6. 7. 8. 9. I hope she likes these reses. Halleck resembles his father very much in This material feels soft. I believe we will certainly achieve success.

disposition and appearance.

10. Last night we dined at a Thai restaurant. These almost all the dishes taste hot. 11. In grammar, English differs greatly from Spanish/ 12. This bus can hold 40 people. 13. This rule applies to all the tourists. 14. They were talking about pollution of the environment. 15. Spring is here. The treetops are turning green. 16. The economic situation there has changed from bad to worse. 17. I’m getting old. I can’t walk such a long distance. 18. This trunk weighs 50 kilos. 19. Surely you are imagining things. 20. I am not feeling (I don’t feel) very tired. Ex. 10B 2. called off 3. carry out 4. catch up with 5.

came round / to into 8. held up Knocked him out 13. leave out up 20. put up 23. sold out taking…in work out give…up Ex. 10C 1. 2. teacher. 3. 4. 5. hospital. 6. 7.

6. cutting down 9. turn up 12. let you off 15. bring up

7. looked 10. Keep off 11.

14.mix up

16. blew it 19. look on

17. Look out

18. put off

21. running into 26. turned down 29. wound up

22. run up against 25. 28. 27. turned out

24. send for / call in

30. took on, worn out,

This case is being looked into by the police. Before long the children had taken to their ner We can’t rely on other countries to help us tide The First World War broke out in 1914. When she came to, she found herself lying in a He was not really feeling sad. He was just Some new problems cropped up at the last

over the difficulty.

putting on.

minute. 8. 9. As most members were absent, the meeting Can you figure out a way to solve this problem? had to be called off. 10. When he was criticized, he flared up. 11. Don’t be taken in. 12. I got very angry that he should come out with that rude remark. 13. You must work hand, or you won’t be able to keep up with the rest of the class. 14. Sophie is going to take a day off tomorrow; I must fill in for her. 15. We are going to bring up this question at the next meeting. 16. I’m going to forward to meeting you in Shanghai. 17. We all look up to Doctor Lin, because she serves herpatients selflessly. 18. He worked in the United States for three years, and he made the most of the opportunity to improve his English. 19. She was so lazy that she made a mess of her room. 20. This is a used car; it has changed hands several

times. Ex. 10D 1. finding stood 10. carried 14. slipped ran 23. learned Ex. 11A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. class.

2. occurred 11. colored 15. took

3. waiting 12. taste 16. found

4. studied


6. read

7. read

8. decided

9. satisfy 18.

13. watching 17. was 22. was

19. shouted

20. drank

21. tasted

24. to question

新编英语语法教程 第 11 讲 练习参考答案 Patience wears out stones. Pride goes bedore a fall. Facts speak louder than words. One swallow doesn’t make a summer. The Changjiang flows into the East China Sea. Water doesn’t exist on the moon. It isn’t ever cold in Hawaii. May in Paris isn’t always nice; it sometimes He occasionally is wrong, but not often.

rains a lot. 10. He never does any homework, but he does well in

11. 12.

Our company doesn’t always make very high My mother doesn’t usually have coffee in the

profits. morning. 13. She hardly ever goes to bed before midnight. 14. Phoenix, the capital of Arizona, is very dry; it hardly ever rains. 15. My parents seldom go to church on Sundays. 16. The earth revolves round the sun. 17. India lies to the south of China. 18. The Thames flows through London. 19. I usually vote for a Democrat, but my roommate almost always votes for a Republican. 20. It is an ill wind that blows nobody good. Ex. 11B 1. is 6. was knew sleep 18. says dislike 26. do / 2. see / will see 7. set to, did 11. lived 14. say 22. had did 15. tells 23. get 27. 3. are 8. had 4. went 5. bought 10. 9. knew

12. wondered 20. make

13. sleep / will 17. wanted 21. does not 25. use(d) 28. gather

16. hear 24. came rained

19. suggest

29. stepped, sat, began Ex. 11C 1. 2. 3. wearing? 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

30. is; is; is; sits; rubs; coughs

He came to see me every day last week. It is winter time. We usually have breakfast at How long ago did you buy the shoes you are The old professor stepped into the classroom, How I wish you were here with us! Jane tells me you’re entering college next year. Rome was not built in a day. A rolling stone gathers no moss. Practice makes perfect.

seven thirty.

opened the book and began to teach.

10. He who laughs last laughs best. 11. One good turn deserves another. 12. Whenever ammonia is added to this liquid, its colour changes to organge. 13. I wondered if you could lend me your car. 14. I hear that old Henry died last night. 15. This tape recorder is easy to operate. Watch what I do. I switch it on, press this button and it starts.

Ex. 11D 1. is living sees is boiling 2. live 3. is…standing 7. are…spending 4. stands 8. boils 5. 9. 12.

6. is getting

10. is getting

11. is always writing

are…talking about

13. write, know, is doing, 14. are always 15. smell; do,

Does your son write; hear, seems hammering; keeps, begins, hear, shakes forgets, is pressing, is thinking

think, is coming, is probably ironing, irons, watches, gets, 16. is running; passes, kicks; heads, misses; hits, bounces; is happening; is lying; is holding; is running; is running; is blowing Ex. 11E 1. arrived, was telephoning 3. did…do; was (jiust) doing ringing (was) singing; was; stopped; woke dived, saved 2. arrived, telephoned 4. was (always) 6. was drowning, 8.

5. was burning, was sleeping, was playing, 7. was listening, rang, did not hear

exploded, was landing, climbed; were waiting, witnessed 9. ate; was doing (4) lost (5) fell off 10. Did…want; hoped / was hoping (6) was washing (7) rushed

12. (1) was (just) hanging out (2) started (3) was wiping

(8) koncked over (9) let (10) was talking (11) managed (12) was doing (13) cut Ex. 11F 1. differs 5. are. have floats 2. belongs to 6. am getting 3. are landing 7. tastes 4. know 12. 8. is waiting 15. is…stopping 18. am trying 21. 24. (14) was peeling (15) was reversing (16) forgot (17) bumped

9. is (just) coming in 13. is falling in 16. realize, forgive 19. matters concerns, think know, means Ex. 11G 1. is arriving, have think, am thinking Do…mind hearing forgetting considering measures

10. flows

11. is raining

14. equals

17. is dictating 22. prefer

20. is dying, is just leaving 23. smell, smells 25. are…sitting 29. cost

goes / is always going doing / always does

26. suppose, 28. is always

27. appreciate

30. grow, have 3. 6. 9. is 12. am 15. is 18.

2. are being, am (still) having 4. am expecting 5. expect 8. doesn’t hear 11. smell 14. consider 17. am measuring

7. Is…minding 10. am smelling 13. forget 16. are being

19. Does…apply, applies

20. am applying

21. am tasting, taste, tastes 23. are hurting are extending are…smelling

22. is hurting / hurts 25. extends, 27. 29. do…feel /

24. Feel, Does…feel 28. is seeing to

26. do…think, don’t think 30. is tasting, think

are…feeling, feel / am feeling Ex. 12A

新编英语语法教程 第 12 讲 练习参考答案 1. have been telephoning, Haven’t you nearly finished; haven’t got, have been trying, has been 2. have been playing, haven’t played 3. have been writing / have written 4. have … been learning / have … learned 5. has been sleeping /has slept 6. has been coughing / has coughed 7. have known, have been reading, haven’t finished 8. have been, have … come 9. has been learning, has mastered 10. has been raining, has stopped 11. have travelled 12. Have … read 13. have been reading 14. have read

15. has let 16. has been crying 17. has injured 18. has been assassinated 19. have been working 20. has been losing Ex. 12B 1. YES 7.YES, NO NO Ex. 12C I. (1)struck left (10)fell (13)dropped burned II. (1)opened (4)wondered (2)reached (7)put put (11)had (3)lit (4)sat (12)had (15)found (5)had (9)got forgotten (16)had (6)had had (8)undressed 2.NO 3.YES 4.YES 5.YES 6.YES, NO 10.YES, 8.NO, NO, NO 9.YES, YES, YES

(14)burned (2)saw

(17)had … made (3)had … been listening (6)asked (7)had (12)found (15)had been (18)asked

(5)had heard

been doing / was doing (10)had been looking (13)had … dropped taking (16)were


(9)had dropped

(11)didn’t see (14)opened (17)turned

(19)pulled disappeared been standing Ex. 12D


(21)recovered (24)found

(22)had (25)had


(26)had been telling

1. I met George after he had heard … 2. I met George before he had heard … 3. We reached the football ground before the game had started. 4. We reached the football ground after the game had started. 5. As soon as we arrived at the station, we bought … 6. For several years after Dick (had) left school, he worked … 7. After she’d cleaned … she had … 8. When we arrived, they’d laid … 9. He’d done all his work by the time he went … 10. The secretary had typed … by the time I came … 11. I’d only been there … when John walked in. 12. He’d answered … before he got a job. 13. They left before I’d explained … 14. We managed … before the concert had started. 15. She didn’t notice it until he’d pointed it out.

16. I’d no sooner taken off … than it began … 17. I’d no sooner put … than I realized … 18. He didn’t understand until I’d explained. 19. He came in before I’d done … 20. We got to the hall after the concert had started. We didn’t get to the hall until after the concert had started. the hall. Ex. 12E 1. went 2. was / were 3.hadn’t said 4.hadn’t drunk, hadn’t drunk 6.hadn’t lost 9.had come 12.wasn’t 15.had given 18.hadn’t broken invented Ex. 12F 1.haven’t got to 4.have got to 7.had got got to 11./ 2.Have you got 5.have got to 12.has got 13./ 3.hadn’t got to 6.hadn’t got to 10.hadn’t 14.haven’t got

The concert (had) started before we got to

5.had expected, had intended 8.knew /had known 11.had wanted 14.had never seen 17.had asked 20.had never been

7.hadn’t told 10.had meant 13.hadn’t been 16.had seen 19.knew

8.have got

9.have got to

to … have we 18.has got to Ex. 12G 1. have explained 2. have had 19./

15. have got 20./



3. drank, drove, got, gave, has been breathalysed 4. was, had visited 5. had tried 6. will be, have had to 7. are going to stay, will be, haven’t been 8. will be, have taught; teach, take, will be 9. are … getting on; have done, learnt 10. Have … been; went, went, was, had been, liked, go Ex. 12H I. 1. Do you … know have just heard apply 9.said found 15.went seem

2. should /would like 7.saw


4.would exactly suit 11.promised

5.doesn’t 12.(had) be

6.won’t get 10.was going

8.had just left 14.don’t even know 17.should/would 20.doesn’t / didn’t

13.have heard 16.know

18.would phone

19.have tried

II. 1.wrote 5.filled up beginning check receive/ been

2.asking 6.returned 9.has gone received 11.have received



7.have heard

10.Would/Could you please 12.have received /did 13.haven’t decided 16.has already 18.don’t get

14.should/would be 19.will have to Ex. 13A

15.would tell

17.should/would like

21.will have / have

新编英语语法教程 第 13 讲 练习参考答案 1. will just be coming out 2. will be, will be wondering 3. will come 4. will be doing, will be working 5. will get, will still be, will be going, will ask 6. will be melting, will be 7. won’t start, will give 8. will tell 9. will be reading, will be ringing 10. will be cooking, will ring 11. am going to shampoo 12. is going to bake, will soon get

13. will see 14. am going to have 15. am going to bottle 16. Are you going to paint, am going to take 17. am going to ring 18. am going to start, Are you going to do, is going to help 19. will start, will get, will bake 20. am going to make, will burn 21. is arriving, Is he spending, is he catching, is spending, is giving, is attending 22. am going to dye, Are you going to do, are you going to have, am going to have 23. is going to rain 24. Are you doing, are coming, am going to show, Are you taking, am going to take 25. am going to send, am seeing 26. am moving, Are you going to have, am going to paint 27. am going to buy, is going to be 28. are you going to do, Are you going to sell, am going to learn, am having 29. am getting, are starting, is coming

30. is going, is having, is looking, is coming 31. will have finished, will be starting 32. will have planted 33. will have done, will be relaxing 34. will have done, will soon be leaving 35. will be trying, will have sent 36. will be living, will have spent 37. will be giving, will have given 38. will be coming, will have picked 39. will be fishing, will have been polluted, will be dying 40. will be repairing, will have repaired Ex. 13B 1. would have/were going to have 2. were going to swim/were swimming/were to swim 3. was to discover 4. (1)is going to catch/is catching/is to catch (2)is going to attend/is attending/is to attend 5. was going to show./ was about to show 6. was going to be/was to be 7. were not to use 8. (1)would be/was going to be/was to be going to discuss/were to discuss


9. (1)Are … going to watch (3)is arriving to arrive 10. (1)are … to be got (4)was to have taken place Ex. 13C

(2)was going to watch (5)was going (3)were to have

(4)am going to meet (2)were to be

(5)are … to have

1. We’ll start off as soon as the rain stops. 2. I’ll ring you up directly I hear the news. 3. If you are leaving early tomorrow morning, you’ll have to finish packing before bedtime. 4. The committee are to gather next Thursday to settle the question. 5. He is not to stay here any longer. He is to leave at once. 6. She said that by the end of the week she would have been back to China. 7. He told me yesterday that he was going to get married next month. 8. He announced at the press conference that the prime minister of Japan was to visit China next Monday. 9. If you go and see him at six, he will be taking morning

exercises. 10. What will you be doing at 7: 30 tomorrow evening? 11. When you come back from Nanjing next week, the discussion will have finished. 12. By next weekend, I’ll have been here for a whole year. 13. Don’t get off the bus till it stops. 14. They are going to spend their holidays in Dalian next summer. 15. Look! The dark clouds are gathering. It is going to rain. 16. If I’m at lunch when he comes, please tell him to wait a little while. 17. We’ll stay here for a couple of days before we go on to Xi’an. 18. We’re having our dress rehearsal tomorrow evening. Are you coming? 19. How many students are going? Are they going by boat? 20. The Foreign Ministers were to have met on May 14 to discuss the proposals for easing the crisis, but the war broke out.

新编英语语法教程 第 14 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 14A 1. This house was built 2. English is spoken … 3. He has never been beaten … 4. Milk is used …. 5. My piano is being repaired … 6. My shoes had been cleaned. 7. / 8. … a new system was being started. 9. This dress can’t be washed; it must be dry-cleaned. 10. A different attitude will have to be adopted. 12. The bag is to be left … 13. He will be sent to school … 14. Bicycles must not be left … 15. These engines used to be started … 17. The wall is going to be painted green. 18. You will be asked … 21. He was proved wrong. 22. Those books should have been taken back. 23. It may have been left … 24. / 25. This letter need not be typed.

11. /

16. /

19. /

20. He was told never to come …

26. Mary seems to be liked very much by John. 27. She happened to be met in the street by the boy. 28. / 29. / 30. / Ex. 14B 1. Who was it written by? 2. Has my parcel been posted? 3. My attention was held by … 4. Your record has never been equalled. 5. Why wasn’t I informed of the change …? 6. A lot of time is wasted … 7. The books had to be taken back; we were not allowed to take … 8. This could be done much more easily by (a) machine. 9. Jack was invited, but Tom wasn’t (invited). 10. Weren’t you told to be ….? 11. You are sure to be asked that question. 12. That he wasn’t present should be borne in mind/ It should be borne in mind that …. 13. The principle known as Boyle’s Law was discovered by … 14. … my car had been towed away. I asked why this had been done and was told that … it had been parked …

15. He must have been terribly disappointed to be told he wasn’t wanted. Ex. 14C 1. This topic has been talked about … will then be dealt with … 3. The children weren’t properly looked after. Has this matter been looked into? 5. Are you being attended to? Smith’s warehouse was broken into … 7. My application has been turned down. This question will be brought up … 9. The trains were held up by fog. is not borne out by the facts. 11. Their stories are made up. has been filled in incorrectly. 13. The scheme was thought out carefully. prices were put up. 15. Your photographs will be blown up well. recorded programmes can be played back. 17. These interruptions were put up with. retirement is being looked forward to very much. 19. The responsibilities are being faced up to badly.

2. It 4. 6. 8.

10. Your argument 12. The application 14. The 16. The 18. His

20. He was looked up to by everyone. 21. This piece of legislation had been done away with reluctantly. 22. They weren’t taken in by her story. 23. I was got through the written papers by special coaching. 24. He will be seen off at the airport by all the ministers. 25. If it rains, the match will have to be put off … Ex. 14D 1. Your remarks have been taken careful note of / Careful note has been taken of your remarks. 2. His aristocratic connections are made rather too much of / Rather too much is made of his artitocratic connections 3. … the matter was never paid attention to / … attention was never paid to the matter. 4. These prisoners were made an example of (by …) / An example was made of these prisoners (by …). 5. … that she was being made fun of. emphasis must be laid on … 7. The plane was lost track of … was made of …. 9. The excellent situation … must be taken full advantage

6. Special

8. …. no mention

of / Full advantage must be taken of … 10. This state of things must be put an end to ... Ex. 14E 1. being sent /to be sent educated be sent 2.being educated /to be be promoted be be 3.being asked/to be asked 5.being examined 8.being asked be admitted 14.being invited 16.being punished be taught/ being taught 20.being left 2. I expected all my letters 4. I don’t 6. I don’t be transferred 9.being consulted asked be paid photographed be sent Ex. 14F

12.being interviewed

19.being taken /to be taken 1. I hope to be promoted. to be typed promptly.

3. I would like to be measured for a suit. want to be bothered. 5. I expect him to be kept in the picture. mind being criticized by you. 7. I want to be left alone. disturbed when she’s reading.

8. She objects to being


9. He insists on being shown respect. 10. She doesn’t like to be flattered. be punished. 12. Will they permit the book to b e taken out of the library? 13. We must not allow the interests of the people to be violated. 14. They decided for the power plant to be built later. 15. I’m worrying about my children being led astray in the forest. 新编英语语法教程 第 15 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 15A 1.Now they are started … 2.… but one of the firemen … 3.… which we … 4.…. It was decided … 5.…. And passengers and crew … 6.… they can be built … 7. Measurements of wind speed … 8.… and I was earning … Ex. 15B 1. It is thought that … /He is thought to be coming.

11. I want him to

2. It is believed that …/ He is believed to be … 3. It is known that … /You are known to have been … 4. It is understand that …/ She is understood to have been … 5. It is supposed that … / He is supposed to be … 6. It is said that the murderer … /The murderer is said to be hiding … 7. It is reported that … ?unidentified flying objects are reported to have been seen … 8. It is rumoured that … /He is rumoured to have escaped … 9. It is expected that … / Electricity supply is expected to be … 10. It is known that he is … / He is known to be … 11. Very little is felt to have been done … 12. The President is expected to speak … 13. He is said to have been … 14. The murderer is said to be hiding /to have been hiding … 15. The expedition is known to have reached … 16. The ship is reported to have been sunk. 17. You are expected to leave …

18. N is known to be preparing … 19. All the miners are feared to be … 20. Both sides are understood to have agreeed … Ex. 15C 1. It is said that she can speak several foreign languages/ She is said to be able to speak foreign languages. 2. It is known that many people are homeless after the earthquake ? Many people are known to be honeless after the earthquake. 3. It is understood that this is the result of recent negotiations/ This is understood to be … 4. It is thought that she has recovered? She is thought to have recovered. 5. It is expected that the President will make an announcement/The President is expected to make an announcement. 6. Will this question be discussed tomorrow morning? 7. It can be done right away. 8. Has this motion been adopted? 9. The reservoir is going to be completed ahead of schedule. 10. Some new songs are being taught now over the

radio. 11. Quality must be guaranteed first. 12. Another college has been set up at Pudong. 13. It is suggested that the meeting be put off till next Thursday. 14. It must be recognized that China is still a developing country. 15. It must be pointed out that Taiwan problem is China’s internal affairs. 16. This English Reader sells well. 17. A porcelain sink cleans easily. 18. This drawer won’t lock. 19. Milk spoils easily. 20. Will this fish keep till tomorrow? Ex. 15D 1. Couldn’t someone be asked to do the word privately without being known? 2. They were shocked by the boy’s rudeness, which was put down to his having been spoiled by his parents. 3. … that the picture had been stolen. 4. The question was put to debate, but on very few occasions was a question fully debated in Parliament.

5. … and martial law was declared. The army put down the rebellion and declared martial law. 6. He wanted the information to be treated as confidential, … 7. … and the proceeds will be shared among his family. 8. All the members should have an equal right to speak and to vote. Only in this way could they make the law effectively. 9. Having been ignored for many years, … 10. Should it be proved beyond doubt that the fire was caused by an accident, the man being held on suspicion of arson will be released. 11. On being informed that he was wanted by the police, the man realized that he had been betrayed by his accomplice. 12. … it was found that most of its fittings had been stripped and the air had been let out of the tyres. 13. …, but it had to be cancelled at the last minute because of a cabinet crisis. 14. The fire was finally got under control, but not before it had caused extensive damage / but not before extensive damage had been caused.

15. … before you made any decision. 16. Feudalism was not accepted, any more than capitalism is. 17. … and two thousand pounds’ worth of jewellery had been stolen. 18. Information about the source from which the startling news had been obtained was withheld by the reporter. The reporter withheld information about the source from which he had obtained the startling news. 19. The army authorities needn’t have caused him so much distress by telling him that his brother had died in action, as they later discovered that they had made a mistake as to the missing man’s identity. 20. A kind of lid is fixed to the top of the pipe, and the oil is allowed to flow gently through taps. 新编英语语法教程 第 16 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 16A 1. She insists that he take his vacation now. 2. I had recommended that he be placed in a more responsible position. 3. I suggested that he finished up that project quickly. 3. I demanded that he accompany that the soldiers

advance immediately. 4. The general commanded that the soldiers advance immediately. 6. I prefer that Mary type the letters. 7. It was necessary that he leave immediately. 8. It’s important that he be nominated. 9. He advised that she wait for a few weeks. 10. The board has instructed that the manager quit. 11. He ordered that the troops march to the front at once. 12. Congress has voted that this law be abolished. 13. It is absolutely essential that all the applicants be interviewed one by one. 14. I think it advisable that a secretary be appointed at once. 15. We propose that somebody neutral take the chair. 16. Long live our great motherland. 17. Be it understood that… 18. Suffice it to say that… 19. It is necessary that every member get informed of these rules. 20. …if need be.

Ex. 16B 2.were 3.were 12.were 4.have 14.apply 7.weren’t appointed 9.were 10.were examined 15.were feeling economize 21.were excused 37.come Ex. 16C 1.went 6.had 9.were given 19.paid coming Ex. 16D

13.were increased 18.were 26.suffice 34.inform 23.were to rain made, dropped 24.were to see 27.tell 31.continue


25.(not) be started 38.perish 2.had adjourned



39.were 40.forget 3.had done 4.began 5.knew 12.hadn’t 18.had kept 24.were

7.had nibbled 13.had, would

8.were addressing 11.had tied 14.were 15.drove 21.had never been 27.had had/had

10.stayed, looked

16.had been

17.had not taken

20.did not know 25.had taken

22.stooped, started 28.had not tried

23.had brought 26.took

29.had not had

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

I would certainly take you there if need be. if i were to do this , i would adopt a different the president ordered that all the armed forces be the board decided that Johnson be appointed if I were you, I would face up to the problem. If I were in better health, I would have long left far be it from me to see him make a mistake. how i wish our factory were better equipped. if we weren’t to have our test tomorrow, I would

method. mobilized at once. general manager.

this place.

go and see a film this evening. 10. it is essential that all the applicants be interviewed one by one. 11. it was suggested that another session be held to discuss the problem of inflation. 12. I insisted that she stay in Shanghai for another day or two. 13. the steel workers demanded that their wages be increased by 10 per sent.

14. i second their motion that the discussion be put off. 15. I prefer that my secretary accompany me to Beijing. 16. it has been decided that more time be allotted for extensive reading. 17. suffice it to say that without national independence there is no democracy or freedom. 18. if you do not listen to my advice, so be it. 19. we unanimously recommended that neutral chairman be appointed. 20. he has become, as it were, an utterly self-centred man. 新编英语语法教程 第 17 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 17A 1. can type understand be have…? 2. can answer 4. could solve 9. will put 7. will come 10. will sit 3. could never 8. Would you 11. would hit 14. We must read 17. Should 19. That will be

5. (What you say) might

6. Shall I open…?

12. sould sit we wait?

13. You should read 18. We need not attend

15. You must not smoke

16. Can you do

20. that must be Ex. 17B a) 1. needn’t (= don’t have to, don’t need to, haven’t got to) 2. won’t have to 3. didn’t have to (= didn’t need to) 4. needn’t 5. didn’t have to 6. didn’t have to 7. needn’t 8. needn’t 9. won’t have to 10. needn’t b)11. You had to… 12. He wasn’t to… 13. He wasn’t to… 14. You had to… 15. He said I wasn’t to… 16. They had to.. 17. We had to… 18. I wasn’t to… 19. He said you weren’t to…

20. We had to… Ex. 17C 1. should 5. should 9. should would, would should 19. would Ex. 17D 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. know. 10. I’m surprised that he should have an accident. 11. Shall I go with you?

2. should 6. would

3. Would, should 7. should, would

4. would 8. should 12. 15.

10. would, would 13. should 16. should 17. Should

11. should

14. would, would

18. would, should

20. should, should / would

He may be doing his homework. She may have forgotten to call me back. Could you lend me 5 pounds until tomorrow? I wonder if I could leave now. It might rain this evening. Old Tom might have left San Diego. If it should rain tomorrow, the football match You should do as he says. If you should change your mind, please let me

would be put off.

12. You shan’t answer her back again. 13. You mustn’t violate the traffic regulations again. 14. He must have got lost in the mountains. 15. You needn’t go and see him. 16. You needn’t have written to her. 17. You should have helped her. 18. If you would change this car, I should be very grateful. 19. Would you mind shutting the door? 20. She shouldn’t have bought that house. 21. It’s odd that she should say that. 22. Don’t call him. He’ll be taking a nap. 23. Don’t write to him. He won’t be home now. 24. Don’t bother him. He will have heard the news. 25. A lion will attack people only when hungry. 26. What will you do after graduation? 27. Mary ought to be home by now. 28. You oughtn’t to have bought a new car. 29. 30. He used to work in Shanghai, but now he is How dare you say that in the presence of the nowhere to be found. principal?

Ex. 17E 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. He may be working for Simons. He may have been working for Simons. He may be retiring next year. He won’t be working now. He’ll have heard it by now. They may have been wondering what to do. He can’t have lost it. They must be waiting. That might be true.

10. She should be home by now. 11. She may have left it at home. 12. I may have been mistaken. 13. You must have been disappointed. 14. She won’t have heard the news yet. 15. There must have been a mistake. 16. He won’t be there. 17. He can’t be there. 18. He couldn’t have made that mistake. 19. Will this be the one you want? 20. You will have been wondering all this time how it works.

Ex. 17F 1. may 5. possible have had Ex. 18A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Sundays. 8. 9. He is supposed to have arrivedat five. He’s sure to be there. He is likely to let you down. Our team is certain to win. There appears to be no doubt about it. John happened to be the only witness. I chanced to be out of London at the time. John doesn’t seem to be coming after all. We’re not supposed to play football on 2. might have 6. perhaps 10. could 3. may have 7. might 11. might be 4. possibly 9. may 8. can

新编英语语法教程 第 18 讲 练习参考答案

10. They are certain to need help. 11. I think it’s going to rain this evening. 12. How am I to pay my debts? 13. The new building is going to be six storeys high. 14. You’re not to talk like that. 15. He’s likely to see her.

16. You’ve got to be joking. 17. He tends to be stupid. 18. I fail to see what you mean. 19. We happened to be there. 20. I chanced to meet him in the park. 21. He appeared to enjoy the concert. 22. They seemed not to notice it. 23. The swimmer failed to reach the shore. 24. We were to have been married in May. 25. The purse was not to be found. 26. He was never to see his wife or children again. 27. It’s going to be a long time before we can reduce our prices. 28. John is bound to be in the office. 29. None of us can say what our future is to be. 30. He did not fail to keep his word. Ex. 18B J:Mary has…, but she dose not… D:/ J:I do not… It is… She would… D:If she does not…she will… J:Yes, I am…

D:I should…she would…Are they not… J:….she would… D:…there is… J:…there is not…You would…, would you not? D:I would not…But nobody has… J:You need not…You have got… D:…if I had…, I would… J:….Mary does not… D:Is there not…she will not… J:….she will not… D:…she is J:…If it had…, she would… D:And you are…we cannot… J:I should not…Let us…It is… D:…you are…But it is… Ex. 18C A: I can’ t come and I don’ t want to come. I don’ t like picnics. B:Why don’t you like them? A:I haven’t the slightest desire to sit on wet grass and eat dry sandwiches. B:You mustn’t be so unsociable.

A:I’m not being unsociable, but I shan’t ever go on another picnic. B:You aren’t serious, are you? A:Of course I’m serious. I usedn’t to like them as a child and I don’t like them now. Please don’t ask me again. B: All right, I won’ t. But you won’ t have anything to do on Sunday? A:That needn’t worry you. I can amuse myself. B:Jane won’t like it, will she? A:She knows I can’y stand picnics. She won’t expect me to come. B:Won’t she? A: No. In fact, she mayn’ t go herself. She isn’ t very keen on picnics either. B:I didn’t know that. A:She wouldn’t enjoy herself very much, so it’s really better is she stays at home with me. B:All right. Then we shan’t expect to see either of you on Sundays. Ex. 18D A:If I were you I’d leave as soon as possible. You’ve a

long way to go and it’s a bad road. B:Yes, I’m sure you’re right. I’d have left earlier if I’ d been able to. A:They’ll finish repairing the car in half an hour or so. They’ve been working on it all morning. B:I know. They’ve worked hard. They’re good chaps, and they’re doing all they can. It’s lucky for me you’ ve got such a good garage here. I‘d never get away otherwise. A:No. You’d still be here tomorrow. Ex. 18E(略) 新编英语语法教程 第 19 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 19A 1. / to 21. / 27. to 33. to 39. / Ex. 19B 1. Let me see 2. let drop 3. make believe 4. let

2. / 9. to

3. / 10. to

4. / 17. (to) 23. / 35. /

5. /

6. / 12. /

7. to 13. / 19. / 25. to 31. (to)

8. / ; 14. to 20. (to) 26. / 32. /

11. /

15. to

16. / 22. (to) 28. to 34. / 40. / ;/

18. / 24. / ;to 30. / 36. /

29. / ;/

37. /

38. / ;/

it pass

5. Let her be 9. go hang

6. let fly at 12. make do with

7. let go of 11. 13. make

8. lets slip do on Ex. 19C 1. begging playing lending smoking travelling Ex. 19D 9. meeting

10. live and let live 15. let sleeping dogs lie 3. running 7. buying 4. (doing)

make both ends meet 14. make…work 2. coming 6. marrying

5. 12. 15. 18.

8. improving

10. eating 13. speaking 16. increasing 19. following

11. having seen 14. staying 17. having made 20. restraining

1. write, beginning going building going increasing having heard speaking travelling

2. doing, doing

3. leaving, 6. 9. 12. 15. 20.

4. having, told 7. speak, being 10. belling, say 13. becoming 18. teaching

5. being separated 8. getting, closing 11. trying, answer 14. trying, make 19. increasing

16. dislike, living

17. try, discuss,

新编英语语法教程 第 20 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 20A

a) 1. The two girls are attractive to look at. 2. The film was easy to follow. 3. The monkey was amusing to watch. 4. Reference books are useful to have. 5. The form is complicated to fill in. 6. Wet grass is difficult to burn. 7. A spring mattress is comfortable to sleep on. 8. Petrol is dangerous to set fire to. 9. Roast beef is nice to eat. 10.New countries are often exciting to go to. 11.The main road was busy to cross. 12.The twins are alike to look at. 13.One patch of ground was damp to walk on. 14.The music was gay to listen to. b) 1. / 2. It was easy to follow… 3. It was amusing to watch… 4. It is useful to have… 5. It is complicated to fill in… 6. It is difficult ti burn… 7. It is comfortable to sleep on… 8. It is dangerous to set fire to…

9. It is nice to eat… 10.It is often exciting to go to… 11. / 12. / 13. / 14. / Ex. 20B 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. I was sorry to learn… You will be sad to hear… They would be very surprised to receive… She is happy to have found… I was afraid to go… Bob was pleased to hear… I am very anxious to meet you. We were delighted to receive your telegram. You were sensible to stay indoors.

10. The clerk was prompt to answer the call. 11. This rule is easy to remember. 12. We are reluctant to leave this neighbourhood. 13. Our house is difficult to heat. 14. Are you ready to leave? 15. You would be foolish to go out in this weather.

16. John is quick to see the point. 17. He is very keen to get on. 18. We are proud to have him as a friend. 19. I was rude not to answer your letter. 20. We are happy to have you with us this evening. Ex. 20C 1. 2. 3. of love. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. The City Council approved the proposal to build Their readiness to accept the peace He refused the invitation to write another The people of a country should have the There is no need for you to start so early. I am not under the obligation to render him a new dam on the river. arrangement really surprised the diplomatic world. article on the subject. freedom to choose their own social system. His decision to resign surprised all of us. He showed no inclination to leave. Her resolution never to marry baffled all offers

any financial support.

10. They have the ability to wage biological warfare. 11. He is not a man to be frightened by the threat of war. 12. There are plans to be made at once. 13. This is a day never to be forgotten. 14. Give me the names of the people to contact. 15. The next train to arrive is from Edinburgh. 16. 17. The last problem to be considered at our next Was Cortes the first European ever to see the meeting is how to invest the money. Pacific Ocean? 18. The best man to see for your eye trouble is the professor of ophthalmology. 19. The way to get into the building is to slip in through the kitchen. 20. The first man to fly non-stop across the Atlantic was John Alcock. Ex. 20D 1. 2. 3. Environmental pollution is a hard problem to There is no time to lose. We must start at once. This is an infectious disease to be wiped out in

be coped with.

a few years. 4. 5. see. 6. 7. 8. 9. This is a good book in which there is much to This is an item of information not to say to any This is a difficult question to answer. At the sound of footsteps outside the window, I be learnt. other prople. There was no sound to be heard. I’ve spent two days here. There is nothing to

stole out of the room, but there was nothing to be seen. 10. He is a man to be reckoned with. 11. She was firm in her refusal to accept his offer of marriage. 12. I have accepted the invitation to go to their school for an exchange of experience. 13. I need a box to hold the chessmen. 14. What is there to be proud of? 15. He always thinks that the bed is a good place to read detective stories. 16. Every day I have a lot of question to consider. 17. The only way to deal with her is not to give an inch.

18. She is not a woman to be trifled with. 19. My brother was the third person to be interviewed. 20. You have left me very little to say. Ex. 20E 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. case. 8. 9. feasible. 10. …revealed himself to be a master of the keyboard. 11. …knew him to be a man of integrity. 12. …discovered £20,000 worth of precious stones

…supposed her to be a widow. …felt the plan to be unwise. …admit him to be a genius. …declared the book to be obscene. …found the overhead projector to be …thought the film to be highly original. …considered the speaker to have overstated his …showed the man’s alibi to be a complete …assumed the construction of such a building

invaluable as a teaching aid.

fabrication. to be impracticable whereas…believed it to be perfectly

to be missing. 13. …thought it to be impossible,… 14. …understands it to be impossible… 15. …acknowledge many of their predictions to have been over-optimistic. 16. …that their informant was reliable. 17. …that the situation is now under control. 18. …that it was unlikely… 19. …that it was cruel… 20. …that what he said was based on fact. 21. …that it was likely… 22. …that his long-term optimism was justified. 23. …that his party has little chance of… 24. …that the ascent had taken nearly five and a half hours. 25. …that his evidence had been perjured. 26. …that earlier theories were incorrect. 27. …the gain in reserves was / has been… 28. …knowing that they had been stolen. 29. …that their candidate was unacceptable to them. 30. …that its implementation was desirable. 新编英语语法教程 第 21 讲 练习参考答案

Ex. 21A 1. going 7. being 2. to murder 8. biting 3. putting 4. to explain, to understand, to say 10. working, spending 15. staying needing writing seeing 16. being 23. waiting 29. writing 5. going 6. wondering, going 12. to

9. going, to appreciate, to start 11. to learn, saying 13. seeing 17. getting 20. doing 14. telling 18. to build 22. 25. 28.

put, to prevent, climbing 19. wanting, to help

21. paying

24. to understand 27. having seen 30. correcting 32. shopping

26. pooh-poohing

31. flying, to 33. making 37.

come, to go, go, flying 34. to take 35. selling calling, letting, decide asking, to keep, making smoke Ex. 21B 1. to solve received / having said

36. to eat, trying

38. travelling, standing / to 39. keeping, to fill, 40. smoking, to risk, setting,

stand, queuing, waiting, to go

2. to meet 6. to have

3. receiving / having 5. him / his saying 8. 10. not to

4. seeing / having seen

7. to close down 9. to be

receiving / having received

understand to resign

11. my trying 16. to do

12. actually promising 14. there being 21. his being 15. 22. 24. to 18. never to follow

13. the Government setting up 17. being 19. to look into have read Ex. 21C 1. into believing out of telling 7. into doing 13. into doing 16. into believing losing on making 24. into taking 27. from giving buying about starting 38. out of going Ex. 21D 2. from going 20. to know

him / his ever agreeing

23. having made

25. putting people out of work 3. into obeying 4.

5. into admitting 8. out of marrying 11. from doing 14. into giving

6. into giving up 9. from having to 12. from going 15. into thinking 18. from 21.

10. from speaking

17. into accepting

19. about leaving

20. from attending

22. of driving

23. against keeping 26. from being 29. into 32.

25. into buying

28. from attending 33. for playing 39. from taking

30. to travelling

31. from being burnt

34. with obstructing 37. into paying 40. from taking up

35. of obstructing

36. for having


1. spending, earning do / doing taking 8. putting

2. smoking

3. hitting 6. watching 11. telling

4. to 7.

5. to be looked into

9. lying / to lie, staring / to stare 12. to 13. to get 14. to understand 16. being, to 18. hearing, say, 22. 24. 26. to 32. 37.

10. to help, (to) prepare, holding double / doubling apologize cleaning working give

15. to remind, watering / to be watered 17. working, to age, lose 20. to risk, getting cutting / to be cut

19. cooking, washing, sweeping, 21. to drink

23. acting, to see, wearing, reciting 25. pressing / to be pressed 28. to tell 34. pretending 30. arriving 31. to think 27. to mention 33. knitting

trying, to make

29. to wait, 35. being, 38. my

deciding, to accept practising

attempting, to learn, skiing saying, giving, to spell 40. him to start, taking Ex. 21E 1. a. He ought to be shot first.

36. spelling, being

your wanting, to help, to practise, doing

39. allowing, to play, asking

b. He deserves to be the first who will shoot. 2. a. That boy ought to be watched.

b. That boy wants to see what is happening. 3. a. I paid the bill, and remember having done so. b. I remembered that I had to pay the bill, so I paid it. 4. a. The man experimented by turing the key another way. b. The man made an attempt to turn the key another way. 5. a. I told you that David stole the money and regret having done so. b. I have to tell you that David stole the money, and I’m sorry I must do so. 6. a. When did they stop working? b. When did they leave some place in order to work. 7. a. I put it there, but I’ve quite forgotten what I did. b. It hasn’t occurred to me that I should put it there. 8. a. I cannot but apologize. b. I can’t help him to apologize for his wrong doing. 9. a. We won’t build the dam any longer. b. We’ll stop something else and begin to build the

dam. 10. a. The meaning of revolution is the liberation of the productive forces. b. They intended to liberate the productive forces. Ex. 21F 1. 2. meeting 3. 4. cost. suggested calculating; is used to calculating; succeeded in calculating 5. child. remember playing; deny having played; missed playing 6. He is learning to play chess. knows how to play; spends time playing; would rather

He is to study mathematics. I happened to meet him.

makes me study; lets me study; had better study avoided meeting; postponed meeting; insisted on Do you dare to go hom alone? He promised to calculate how much it might

mind going; persist in going; object to going

I should like to have played with trains as a

play 7. 8. The retired boxer means to buy a public house. The harbour master thinks that the boat will suggests buying; thinks he will buy; had better buy arrive early. wants the boat to arrive; will allow the boat to arrive; prefers the boat to arrive 9. He has decided to eat a ham sandwich. feels like eating; had finished eating; enjoys eating 10. He seldom suggests sending news to his brother abroad. fails to send; forgets to send; troubles to send 11. I regret that I am late. apologize for being; cannot help being; prefer to be 12. I long to ski through the forest. am looking forward to skiing; enjoy skiing; imagine myself skiing 新编英语语法教程 第 22 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 22A 1. sunken rotten Drunken 2. molten 3. lighted or burning 7. blessed 4. 8. 5. shrunk 6. bounden

9. shaved, well-shaven, shaving

10. bent

11. blessed 15. lighted rotted Ex. 22B 1. charming suggested 8. widened raging 15. refreshing paid, specified adopted surprising Ex. 22C

12. binding 16. molten

13. bound 17. melted

14. drunk 18. rotting,

19. rotten

20. sunken, sunk 3. increased 6. attempted 13. signed 10. loaded 17. shackled 20. terrifying 23. crowded 4. 11. 18. 21. 24.

2. troubling 5. encouraging 9. burned / burnt 16. navigating 19. furnished

7. fallen

12. approaching

14. returned

22. standing 25. perfumed 2. said

1. (to be) brought 5. mixed up visaed 13. sent sitting desired off

3. to keep 7. come 11. going 19. unsaid

4. to do 9. 17.

6. laughing 14. drink

8. stealing 16. to settle

10. to finish up 18. left standing 21. doubting 25. gone 32. lying

12. thinking 20. to be 23. working 27. taken

15. known

22. to be 26. weighing

24. informed 28. grow 31. spring up

29. criticized

30. talking / talk

33. knocked down, driving

34. doing 38. shouting Ex. 22D 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. sea.

35. crossed out 39. understand

36. paid 40. said

37. said

… Eurydice was bitten in the heel by a snake. … her foot was caught by a rug and she fell. … a notice pinned to the door by a knife. …‘Beware’written in large letters. … you should never point it at anyone. … you must take care not to damage the roots. … the dog was led out of the room. … After I have paid my taxes, … … the boat was being tossed up and down by the

10. … tree uprooted by the gale. 11. … He was cleaning his gun when it went off unexpectedly. 12. … As she was wondering where to go, … 13. … I was knocked over by a bike. 14. … I saw a long streamer towed behind the aeroplane, marked ‘Vote for Jones’. 15. … Since he has been weakened by his last illness, … 16. … I suddenly thought of an idea.

17. When I was dropped by parachute, … 18. When a woman is depressed, a new hat will make her feel happier. 19. … he suddenly saw an old man starting to across in front of him. 20. … I felt a taxi was a welcome sight 新编英语语法教程 第 23 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 23A 1. favourable hurried mischievous 11. disastrous mournful laughable 24. striped mysterious truthful noticeable different important Ex. 23B

2. plentiful 5. valuable 8. spiced 12. packaged 15. courteous

3. momentous 6. thoughtful

4. 7. 14. 17.

9. dependable

10. restful

13. breakable 16. fenced

18. forgetful 25. lovable 28. coloured 31. melodious 34. hopeful 37. patient 40. urgent

19. dangerous

20. lined 27. 30. 33. 36. 39.

21. preferable

22. powerful

23. mountainous 26. doubtful 29. agreeable 32. detailed

35. courageous 38. independent

1. well-read well-equipped tear-filled well-worm ink-stained snow-covered Ex. 23C 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

2. well-beahved 5. overloaded 11. over-excited 16. hard-topped 19. Blue-eyed 8. storm-battered

3. over-cautious 6. well-trained 9. Fur-lined

4. 7. 10. 15. 18.

12. well-informed 17. smoke-filled 20. grief-stricken

13. horse-drawn

14. well-developed

This is a piece of very alarming news. That was a most astonishing story. They are well-behaved children. There were many bored faces in the room. Don’t play with the burning candle. This is a very ebcouraging report. This will be a lasting agreement. We have a limited supply of fuel. Those are reserved seats.

10. This lawyer has a number of very satisfied clients. 11. That was a totally unexpected result. 12. These are very worrying circumstances. 13. The writer made his point with terrifying emphasis. 14. Sheila is the adopted daughter of a well-known

writer. 15. He gave a boring lecture. Ex. 23D 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. beautiful long hair a lovely green hilly slope the unusual new Chinese restaurant the cloudy gray morning sky a very large steel bridge three very healthy, intelligent children / three new black oak furniture the first ten cardboard boxes a very important political speech

healthy, very intelligent children

10. Twenty original African wood carvings 11. a rather fascinating electronic device 12. My brother’s first long public concert 13. A really beautiful pale pink sunset 14. a rather difficult Indian language 15. that big, new classical-style house 16. delicious white French wine / delicious French white wine 17. my large black Japanese car

18. three very comfortable dark blue chairs 19. many huge industrial buildings 20. a small modern agricultural laboratory Ex. 23E 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. The Countess was amused at… He was annoyed at the way… Everybody was astonished at… He was obviously not bothered with… He was not contented with… The Countess, however, eas delighted with… I am not disappointed in / with you. Don’t get excited by… He was fascinated by…

10. He was already interested in… 11. The Countess was very pleased with… 12. She was completely satisfied with… 13. … she had been shocked by… 14. His old father would have been surprised at… 15. Now, his father would not have been worried about… Ex. 23F 1. We are adamant that you should resign.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

We are afraid that you have… I’m ashamed that you should have behaved… I an certain that there will be… We are concerned that you should feel… It is curious that you should say… We’re delighted that you see… It is essential that you should have… The Captain is furious that you (should have) We feel greatly honoured that you (should) have

revealed… received us… 11. Everyone is insistent that we should prolong… 12. We are greatly relieved that we shall have… 13. I’m not sure yet that I’ll be able to come… 14. Is it true (that) you should said that? 15. I’m surprised (that) you don’t know… 新编英语语法教程 第 24 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 24A 1. 2. 3. scientifically explored / explored scientifically Scientifically, the argument was absurd / … was I simply do not understand you.

absurd scientifically.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. much. 9.

… if I speak simply. He made me thoroughly angyr. … have thoroughly studied… / studied this … much appreciate… … very much appreciate it / appreciate it very Honestly, I mean what I say / I honestly mean…

chapter thoroughly.

/ I mean honestly… 10. …always writes to me honestly. 11. …answer the question generally. 12. Generally, these questions are not… / … can generally … / …answer most of them generally. 13. …to apply pratically. 14. …are pratically impossible to … 15. This is hardly my business / This hardly is… 16. I can hardly hear you. 17. I can just hear you. 18. …is only for your ears / … is for your ears only. 19. …for your ears alone. 20. Will you kindly come this way? 21. …spoke to her kindly.

22. I also spoke to her mother. / I spoke also… / Also, I spoke… 23. I spoke to her mother as well. 24. The house badly needs repainting / …repainting badly. 25. …painted it badly. 26. …badly painted / …painted badly. 27. …live economically. 28. 29. Somehow we have to manage / We have to Sometimes we feel disheartened / …feel manage somehow. disheartened sometimes / We sometimes feel… 30. We shall never surrender. Ex. 24B 1. clean 6. close 10. directly hardly mostly prettily right 2. clean 7. closely 11. free 15. highly 19. most 23. pretty 27. right 32. dead 3. cleanly 8. direct 12. freely 16. high 20. late 24. prettily 33. easily 4. clearly 5. clear 14. 18. 22. 26. 35.

9. directly, direct 13. hard 17. high 21. lately 25. pretty 34. easy

28. rightly

29. wide

30. widely

31. deadly

easy Ex. 24C

36. fair

37. fairly

38. firmly

39. firm

40. firmly 1. lately 6. largely quickly rightly 22. fine clearly highly Ex. 24D 1. 3. 6. 8. 9. …farther than Hart. …somewhat better today. 2. 4. …further. He felt 7. 2. shortly 7. pretty 11. late 15. closely 23. sharp 27. Sure 3. mostly 8. easy 12. hard 16. wrong 24. hardly 28. easily 4. first 9. clean 13. quickly 17. right 25. loosely 29. surely 20. direct 5. last 10. 14. 18. 26. 30.

slow / slowly

19. sharply

21. near

rather tired… 5.

…almost ready; …nearly finished.

He was so much overwrought…

The smartly dressed women… No sooner had he… / Hardly … when he… …anywhere in the room.

10. He told Smith to come to the point immediately / to immediately come to the point. 11. Lately the son has been staying out late.

12. …close to me. 14. air. / 15.

13. …highly respected. …slowly opened the door.

16. …close to his chest and then hit the ball high in the 17. Sit tight… 19. The 20. 18. …it is really hard to say which is worse. Bonds has almost the easiest swing… 新编英语语法教程 第 25 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 25A 1. more brightly 5. higher, highest highest hardest lighter 2. cooler 3. coldest 9. harder 4. deepest 7. bigger, 10. harder, 13. 15. swiftest 20. the 6. more seriously

purpose of the investigation only became clear when…

8. softer, softest 11. earlier

12. hotter, hottest

14. youngest, the youngest

16. nearer, nearest 18. most convenient most crowded Ex. 25B 1. as nervous as than nicer faster than

17. more lovely, the most lovely 19. the most silly

2. as fast as

3. more interesting 6. 9. the

4. smoothly than 7. the nicest

5. the most annoying 8. higher than

10. more tolerant than

11. more relaxed

12. the most sensible as thickest Ex. 25C 1. as nice as

13. earlier than

14. as sweet 17. the 20.

15. unhappier than 18. darker than

16. denser than

19. the funniest

more dangerous 2. cooler than 3. more exciting than 5. longer than 7. rougher 6. as far 8. more 13. as

4. as interested in fishing as to the mountain camp as careful 11. cheaper than comfortable as money than Ex. 25D (1) than (7) the (11) than Ex. 25E 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. (2) as (12) as (3) as (13) as

9. more expensive than

10. as cheap as

12. less modern than

14. more concerned about saving

15. better than (4) so (5) as (9) as (14) than (6) the (10) as

(8) the sooner

not so near as / farther than not so beautiful / uglier than not so ugly as / prettier than not so light as / heavier than not so strong as / weaker than

6. 7. 8. 9.

not so cheap as / dearer than not so short as / longer than not so low as / higher (taller) than not so wide as / narrower than

10. not so heavy as / lighter than 11. not so smooth as / rougher than 12. not so young as / older than 13. not so pround as / more modest than 14. not so interesting as / duller (more boring) than 15. not so obstinate as / more obedient than 16. not so sophisticated as / more naive than (simpler than) 17. not so well off / worse off 18. not so shallow as / deeper than 19. not so intelligent as / duller (stupider) than 20. not so economical as / more extravagant than Ex. 25F 1. 2. 3. 4. 朋友。

他不是画家,也不是作家。 本学期我写的报告不下五篇。 张先生并不比李先生聪明(他俩一样笨) 。 与其说我把他看成老师,不如说我把他当做

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 1. 2.

他十有八九会失败。 与其说海洋把世界分隔开来,不如说海洋把 这是一次奇妙的交谈,与其说是辩论,不如 与其说约翰谨慎,不如说他谦虚。 那地方景色之美非我所能形容。 我对她的演奏感到十二分满意。 这件事正如我希望的那样是一大成功。 这门课程对于学生来说既重要又难学。 史密斯太太既有耐心又通情达理。 我们都听说那是一座伟大的水坝,是世界上最 这间屋与那间屋一样明亮。 在这里我和他有一样多的朋友。 他和他妻子同样有罪。 那不是工人们所能忍受的。 他比他兄弟更有学者风度。 他不是像我原先所想的那样愚蠢。

世界连接起来。 说是两个好斗的人之间的一次争吵。


Ex.25G I can tell you a much funnier story than that. Dick’s behaviour is more courteous than Bob’s.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. need. 9.

Jones teaches in a much more friendly way He is as good a worker as John. He is a more efficient worker than John. I think Mary is the nicer of the two. George did more work than anyone else. We can let you have you as many copies as you He can’t carry parcels as heavy as three.

than Johnso.

10. It was as much of a success as I expected. 11. A whale is not a fish any more than a horse is . 12. He is no more fond of playing chess than you are. 13. Paper tiger is not half so fierce as it is painted. 14. There are monkeys more intelligent than Herbert. 15. This room is three times larger than that one. / This room is three times as large as that one. 新编英语语法教程 第 26 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 26A 1. with 8. for 14. of for 2. at 9. with 15. in 20. to 3. to 16. for 21. of 4. to 5. in 6. at 12. to 18. of 7. at 13. in 19. 24. with

10. with

11. at 17. from

22. of

23. to

25. from 30. from in to 47. of Ex. 26B 1. to 7. on 13. at from 29. to on 46. of EX. 26C 1. with 7. to 13. of to 21. for against 24. from 35. against 41. of 36. for 42. of

26. with 31. of 37. of 43. for 49. of 3. to

27. about 32. at 38. to 44. with 50. to 4. from 10. on

28. with 34. at 39. for 45. of

29. by 35. 41.

33. about

40. of

46. about

48. to 2. with 8. for 14. with 19. on 30. on

5. about 11. at 17. on 22. into 27. on 33. of 39. of 50. of 5. with 11. for 17. on 25. to 30. on 44. on

6. on 12. of 18. 23. to 28. over 34. to 40. 45. into

9. to 20. for 31. for 42. from 48. with 3. under 9. for 20. with 23. to 28. to

15. from

16. of

21. to 32. with

25. for 36. in

26. through 37. in

38. to 49. at 4. to 16. on 24. on 29. with

43. for

47. by 2. on 8. on 14. for 22. to 27. with 19. with

6. on 12. with 18. 26. 31.

10. for

15. with

at 37. to

32. to 38. to 2. for 14. for 25. on 31. in

33. in 39. on 3. in 15. about

34. on 40. for 4. with 16. of

35. with

36. on

Ex. 26D 1. for in to with 30. of 36. from 41. for to Ex. 26E 1. by, by In, on, for 12. in, in beyond To to of 39. In 22. in 28. by 34. To 40. in 2. in 13. to 17. of 23. at 29. At 35. on 41. with 3. In, in 14. on 18. under 24. at 30. To 36. at 42. to 45. By 4. in 5. in 10. in 20. in 26. on 32. at 43. at, at 46. to 6. In 7. 8. by, in 9. With, in 15. on 19. in 25. in 31. of 11. by 21. 27. 33. 38. to 44. 47.

5. in 17. to

6. of 12. of

7. 13. 24.

8. of

9. of

10. for 21. for

11. on 22. for

18. from 29. to 35. in 40. to 46. for,

19. to

20. for

23. from 28. for 34. for 39. to 45. to 50. for

26. of 32. on 43. to

27. to 33. of 38. for 44. to

37. between 42. of

47. on, against

48. to

49. for

16. above /

37. On

from, with, for, under / of, till


48. For

49. at

50. for 11-15 AADAC 16-20

Ex. 26F 1-5 ACBDC DBABB Ex. 26G 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. They are to go to South America by way of the The apy caught lase week was in the pay of a In the wake of the guide, I climbed and climbed Ted was absent from the meeting on the score Owing to the financial crisis, millions of people A nation must be masters of themselves We shouldn’t promote economic growth at the Our schools are open to all irrespective of race, She is bent on buying an expensive car

6-10 DBABD

21-25 BDACA

United States. foreign secret agency. and finally we got to the top of the mountain. of illness. were living on the verge of starvation. instead of living at the mercy of fate. expense of the environment. color or creed.

regardless of the cost. 10. We must develop our economy in line with the principle of self-reliance. 11. We must not contaminate the environment on the pretence of developing industry. 12. My neighbour Old Tom lived entirely alone, apart from a big black cat named Blackie and a big black dog called Boris. 13. Previous to the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japan in 1937, China’s four north-eastern provinces had been under the Japanese occupation for 6 years. 14. Liu Shao-qi believed that all he did was in the interests of the Chinese people. 15. We must always be on the watch for the enemy’s subversive activities. 16. There were still doubts on the part of the police. 17. 18. Owing to the financial crisis, that country’s In the event of a financial crisis, the common economy was on the brink of bankruptcy. people will suffer a lot of from inflation and unemployment.

19. The ship was sailing full steam in the teeth of a strong wind. 20. He decided to retire ahead of time on the ground of illhealth. Ex. 26H 1. 2. heat. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. guide. 8. 9. For all his immense fortune, he died a most No one is sorry about Simmons’ resignation.

Despite their menacing appearance, most We were obliged to rest, because of the intense I must remind you of your responsibility In spite of the clear scientific evidence, people Thanks to the invention of urethane wheels, No one told me of these problems. On account of his knowledge of the

reptiles aren’t really vicious…

towards your friends. still refused to… today’s skateboarding knows no limits.

mountainous country, Charles Lee was appointed as our

unhappy man.

10. With all your huge secretarial staff, it still seems to take you a week to… 11. Many of the war prisoners died on the march either from starvation or from severe wounds. 12. I assure you of my willingness to stand down. 13. I think the chief let us go simply out of sympathy with us in our plight. 14. There are criminals who will commit murder for money. 15. She was obliged to wear thick, high boots for fear of poisonous snakes. 16. But for Wallis, we would have lost the match. 17. The proposal concerning child health was rejected. 18. Since the receipt of the news, everybody has been happy. 19. He worked very well, to the astonishment of every one of us. 20. Every precaution was taken against the failure of the plan. 新编英语语法教程 第 27 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 27A 1. You’re an American, I suppose.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

I’m afraid she… …tea, if you please. …some help, if I’m not mistaken. …man, if I might say so. …open, if you don’t mind. I’m sorry to say you… I suspect no less than… I guess you…

10. …yet, if I’m not mistaken. 11. …chimney, he does. 12. Without any question the rogue… 13. Never have I seen… 14. I was indeed very glad to… 15. He will certainly give… 16. I’m not at all interested… 17. … no doubt whatever about it. 18. I’ll be hanged if that’s true. 19. You won’t catch him smoking again. 20. Not a single soul was seen… Ex. 27B 1. 2. I never have much to do in the morning. …have not finished it yer.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

I have not much to do in the morning either. His wife didn’t ever make him any curry. I didn’t tell anybody anything. We have not enough evidence yet. There isn’t anybody doing research in this field. Smoking has not anything… …didn’t produce skin cancer on any of them.

10. This doesn’t apply to any of the people here yet. 11. …hasn’t revealed anything of importance. 12. It does not help us at all in our daily work either. 13. We need not / don’t have to go far to find anyone… 14. …is not yet living at this address. 15. He has not been away very long. 16. …cannot find anywhere… 17. …hasn’t ever given me any… 18. There are not many people…yet. 19. I cannot understand either of… 20. I cannot understand any of… Ex. 27C 2. a) All the people were not at work. (ie Everyone was absent.) b) Not all the people were at work. (ie Not everyone

was there. Some were at work; some not.) 3. a) Everyone here doesn’t agree with you. (ie All the people here disagree.) b) Not everyone here agrees with you. (ie Some of the people here agree with you; some not.) 4. a) Much of the food was not bad. (ie Most of the food was good; only a small portion was bad.) b) Not much of the food was bad. (ie Only a small portion was bad.) 5. a) One of the runners did not hear the starting pistol. (ie Only one of them didn’t hear; the others did.) b) Not one of the runners heard the starting pistol. (ie None heard.) 6. a) Another reason for the delay was not given. (ie There was another reason for the delay, but it was not given.) b) No other reason for the delay was given. (ie There was only one reason for the delay.) 7. a) A little of the money was not spent on this project. (ie Most of the money was spent on this project; only a little was not.) b) Little of the money was spent on this project. (ie

Almost no money was spent on this project.) 8. a) A few of you will not have heard the warning. (ie Most of you, I suppose, have heard the warning.) b) Few of you will have heard the warning. (ie Most of you, I suppose, have not heard the warning.) 9. a) Half of the work has not yet been completed. (ie Only half of the work was done.) b) Not half of the work has already been completed. (ie Only a small portion of the work was done.) 10. a) The least of our problems has not been solved. (ie Almost no problem was solved.) b) Not the least of our problems has been solved. (ie A good number of our problems have been solved.) Ex. 27D 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What was sprayed over the area? Who wrote an account of the fire? What did he write? What did he write an account of? Where did the fire start? How did it burn? How long did ir burn? When and where did that happen?

9. 11.

Whose account of the fire is the best? How many people were killed on the roads

10. How often did fires break out during the war? yesterday? 12. How much rain fell last night? 13. How far is it from here to the station? 14. How long will it take me to get there by car? 15. During which century was this castle built? 16. Why / For what purpose was the Aswan Dam built? 17. Why have you not yet finished it? 18. Who did an idea occur to while Benjamin Hall was speaking? 19. What do you believe he wants to do? 20. What should we do it if we haven’t renewed our licence? Ex. 27E 1. doesn’t she / (hasn’t she) 3. wouldn’t you you 10. doesn’t he shouldn’t we 4. isn’t it 7. mustn’t I 2. usedn’t he / didn’t he 5. mayn’y we 6. didn’t 9. don’t they

8. could you

11. don’t you 13. didn’t you

12. oughtn’t we / 14. wouldn’t she 16. doesn’t it 17.

15. mustn’t you / haven’t you

would he I

18. wasn’t he

19. doesn’t he

20. need 23. 25.

21. haven’t you / don’t you 26. is there 30. will there

22. should he 27. will it

mustn’t they / didn’t they aren’t they 29. did they they they

24. wouldn’t you

28. can it 34. aren’t I 37. do 40. 45. 48. will

31. will they / won’t 36. don’t you

32. won’t it 38. can’t they

33. didn’t you

35. mustn’t you / aren’t you will you / would you can you wouldn’t he you Ex. 27F (略)

39. would you / will you 41. have you 44. didn’t they 47. have we

42. can one /

43. don’t you 46. would he

49. does he

50. shall we

新编英语语法教程 第 28 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 28A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. There was a ready… There’a man sitting… There was a student who came… There’s another student (that) I ought to see. There’s at least one book … in our library. There’ll be a good film on… There’s certain to be trouble…

8. 9.

There were several trains coming… There were things called firesquirts used…

10. Is there anyone waiting… 11. There were people who believed that… 12. There was an old cellar with a thick flint wall… 13. There was a boy named George Sampeter sitting… 14. There were monkeys under the trees, … 15. There was a strange caller yesterday who… 16. There is likely to be… 17. There should be… 18. There must have been a mistake… 19. There are several thousand little islands in the Maldives. 20. There was a bolt on my front door… Ex. 28B 1. there to be there being There being there to be Ex. 28C 1. 2. On the top of the hill there stood / there was… There will be / will come a time when…

2. there being 5. there to be 8. there being

3. there to be 6. there to be 9. there to be

4. 7. 10.

3. for… 4. been… 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. no index.

Mary didn’t agree about there being no need Were you disappointed at there not having John asked for there to be… There was a cow crossing… There is no plant that doesn’t need… We don’t want there to be any disturbance. There being an index to this book is…

10. I’m surprised at there not being an index / being 11. We have no objection to there being a meeting here. 12. It’s impossible for there to be … For there to be… 13. It’s not uncommon for there to be… / For there to be… 14. There’s an important message just being decoded. / There is just being decoded… 15. There were quite a number of…jewels stolen. 16. There was expected to be… 17. There is / are believed to be… 18. There was a meeting about the new building

yesterday. 19. There have been three accidents at… 20. There’s a lawn that extends… 21. There is said to be trouble on… 22. I can just remember the trouble there was about it a year ago. 23. There will be people anxious that… 24. There seems to be a widespread change… 25. There was a day when it rained… 新编英语语法教程 第 29 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 29A 1. It is possible that the Joneses will come to the party as well. 2. It doesn’t matter very much whether they 4. It 5. It will come or not. 3. It is quite likely that he will let you down. seems that you have taken a dislike to him. dealing with him. the car on the boat.

happens that I have had some nasty experiences in 6. It was rather complicated getting 7. It would be a good idea to get

up a petition. / I think it a good idea to get up a petition. 8. It is a great pleasure to be here with you this morning. 9. It was so kind of you to invite us. 10. It doesn’t

matter in the least what you say. 11. It is / remains a mystery how he came to have such a valuable painting. 12. It is regretted that you should feel obliged to resign at this point. drawing. here all alone. to forgive him. very small. to me. Ex. 29B 1. It gets dark early in winter. She doesn’t know anything. station from here. 4. Have you seen it hail? decide what must be done. slipped arsenic into his tea. 7. It’s a pity (that) you missed that concert. looks as if he were very afraid. crying over spilt milk.

13. It would be pity to spoil such a fine 15. Is it very dull living here?/ do you 16. It is impossible for me 18. It looks as if the park is 17. It was not known whether there

14. It makes me feel sad seeing you sitting

find it very dull living here? was gold left in the mine.

19. It seems as though our plan is perfect.

20. It was clearly indicated that he didn’t want to speak

2. Its no use asking her. 3. Its two miles to the 5. We leave it to you to 6. It is said that the spy 8. It

9. It is no use

10. It was several months before we met again. Ex. 29C 1. 迟早我要跟他说个明白。 2. 误了末班车,我们只 好步行回家。 3. 再做那件事, 你就要受到责罚。 4. 在 这种天气登山,你一定会吃苦头。5. 桥梁被冲毁,除 泅渡外别无他法。6. 那是没有办法的事。7.如果犯了 法,你是逃脱不了(罪责)的。 8.只是为了好玩, 我们才决定半夜去游泳。 9.如果动身 早,我们能够赶到。10. 是去是留,他难以决断。11. 我痛骂他一顿。 12. 走开,这不是聊天的时候。 13. 总统乘坐美国直 升飞机溜之大吉。 14. 他们吵了架,但很快又言归于 好。 15.如果你要换衣服, 请快点, 我们随时都会动身。 16. 窃贼离开后几分钟,他才镇定下来,叫了警察。 17. 在经济危机中通常都是小商人蒙受损失。 18. 他很少 发言,但是一开口就讲错话。 19.任何一个国家都不 应骑在别国头上称王称霸。 20. 因而我们决定,在晴天的夜晚,我们露宿,而在 雨天,我们就住旅馆,住客栈,住酒店。 Ex. 29D 2. …It was his wife that the man treated viciously.

3. …It is only for three months that she has been studying French. 4. …It was to London that Tom went on Tuesday. 5. … It is green that he has painted the windows. 6. …What he is determined to do is (to) pass the test. 7. …What he will be doing is flying to Moscow. 8. … It was the machine that he could not repair. 9. … It was from Henry that John bought the car. 10…It was by a man carrying a copy of The Times that we were met at the station. that he was surprised. 12. …It was monitor of the class that the students elected him. 13. … It was because he’d never had the 15. …What opportunity that John hadn’t yet learned to drive. 14. …It was Henry that I met in New York. I did was (to) tell her the sad news. 新编英语语法教程 第 30 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 30A 1. Brain locked the door and went to a nearby pub. 2. Tom speaks Chinese fluently but can’t write in it. 3. On Friday afternoon the students study current events, or have League meetings if there’s nothing special to

11. …It was at the price


4. Ruel and Cameron went into the forest and 5. On his way up

collected a lot of insect specimens. Jimmy go to the top all right.

the hill Jack fell down and hurt his hands and knees, but 6. The girls decided to 7. remain at home, for it was raining hard. / It was raining hard and the girls decided to remain at home. They could not decide what to do and asked my advice. / They asked my advice, for they could not decide what to do. 8. For the first time I saw my father not as the 9. giant of my childhood but simply as a lonely man.

Fewer blacks are leaving the rural South these days, not because farming has become more popular but because industry in moving in. 10. The four largest hotel companies in the United States are Hilton, Sheraton, Hyatt, and the fastest growing (hotel company) Western International. terms of dollars spent or in terms of people involved. 12. There is not only concision in these lines but also elegance. 13. Mr Fisher neither loves the environment, nor is he accustomed to the weather. 14. In the United


Education is the largest “industry” in the nation either in

States television has been called a source of information, a means of entertainment and, as its severest critics call it, a “plug-in” drug. 15. For decades FBI agents wiretapped the phone of American citizens with the attorney general’s approval but without warrants. Ex. 30B 1. ; 6. ; 11. : 12. ; Ex. 30C 1. … but also instructive. 2. .. and inexpensive. Both Mary and her husband will do it. and carefully outlined. 6. …blue-eyed and partly gray-haired. and to write a short review of it. absolute piker… 9. He likes not only the girl but also the family. 11. … as well as one’s / his intellectual self. can he compose. 10. … but also showing an interest in political questions. 12. … nor 13. He either needs/ needs either… 7. … carefully 8. He is either an 4. / 3. 5. … 2. , : 7. / ; 3. , , 8. , / 4. / , 9. , , 5. , , 10. , ; ,

13. : 14. ; 15. :

14. Neither Pauline nor her husband wanted to… 15. …

neither with her own achievement nor with the team’s performance. his time. definite shape. 16. …, nor drink alcohol, nor idle away 18. …, to use but one side of the paper, 17. .. with neither a definite volume nor a

and to endorse our papers in the proper manner. 19. .. with neither a sales tax nor an income tax, a major attraction for tax-weary residents of other states. 21. …, and he’ll take a mile. and finish… 23. …, and moreover, he is an expert in translation. 24. …, he went and saw the doctor immediately. 25. …, and you’ll get sick. 新编英语语法教程 第 31 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 31A 1. The film I saw yesterday was dull. 2. If/ Provided that the weather keeps fine, I see no reason why… train. 3. Because he didn’t get up early enough, he missed the 4. A German whose acquaintance I made in Hamburg last year is coming to see me. 5. One of the students who were trapped in the cave has already been brought out. 6. Because/ As she spoke


The admen convince the reader not only that… 22. You should try

French rapidly, I couldn’t understand her.

7. As any of

these problems can be solved by ordinary intelligence and hard work, none of them are too difficult for us. 8. Because illness kept him away from school, he didn’t get the prize. 9. The auditorium might be the place 10. As/ When/ Whenever he where I lost my pen. became ill. 11. When/ As he came out of the Conference Room, he was surrounded by reporters. 12. While my wife was…, I was trying to… Unless you promise…, you shall not… 14. His mother waited up until he came home. he had a sore throat. Ex. 31B 1. whether 2. No matter what/ Whatever 4. as unless because 18. as if

ate too little and worked too hard for weeks on end, he

13. 15.

As/When/After/Because he had spoken for three hours,

3. While 8. If 9. 14.

5. If

6. Even if

7. Though 12. in that 16. as

10. so that 13. As 15. how 17. Where(ver)

11. so that/ in order that

19. Hardly / Scarcely / Barely… when; No sooner…than 20. Instantly Ex. 31C 1. He urged that I drive carefully. that the men remain in camp. we go there on foot. 4. He asked that his sister cook dinner. requested that I telephone her family. summer. questions. home by ten. 9. The doctor ordered that the nurses watch the patient carefully. the truth. 11. They requested that we sit down and have a cup of tea. we all stay for dinner. 13. The rules require that players wear tennis shoes… 14. The boss suggests that his secretary learn shorthand. 15. The policeman ordered that he men move on. 16. The union leader urged that the members accept the

2. He ordered 3. She insisted that 5. She 6.

Grandmother urged that we bring the children for the 7. He demanded that I answer all the 8. Our parents insist that we come

10. She insisted that we tell her

12. The hostess urged that

offer. 17. The general commanded that his troops advance into the town. 18. The real estate agent suggested that we sell the house. 19. The captain ordered that the crew abandon ship. 20. The editor insisted that we change the title of the book. Ex. 31D 1. Before John came home, I had finished reading the newspaper. high school, … 2. While we were eating dinner, … 4. Since I graduated from 5. Before I read that book, I must 3. …when Harry entered.

6. After Johnny finished his homework, he… 7. Before I serve the dessert, you must … 8. Before I came to the United States, I had… I found… 10. … since you moved away from the neighborhood? 11. I’ll be busy shopping until the store… 12. While I’m studying, I like to… 13. Where do you stay when you visit Washington? 14. While I’m in this country to study, I hope to … 15. While the baby is napping, her mother has a chance

9. When I got to school yesterday,

to rest. 17. was… …

16. After the orchestra had played for several until he got his B.A. degree.

hours, the embassy… 18. No sooner had the criminal found a shelter than he 19. … until the weather is dry in the summer. university. Ex. 31E 1. … looks like, for I have never met him. simply because… have closed. 4. … not because … but because… simply because… because he was… 6. Since the weather… 5. It was 7. Just 9. … 12. Just as we… 2. … 3. … because / for all the shops 20. I

have been wearing glasses ever since I entered the

8. It must be early morning, 10. Since the streets…

because/ for the birds are singing. because he is poor? 11. …when the telephone rang. his mother. 14. /

13. Melbourn slammed the door, so that he awakened 15. While in applied physics… 17. … though it 16. Sneer unkindly though you may…

rain tomorrow. 18. … even though I prefer a bath. 19.

Since/ As he was ill, … into “that”.

20. Acceptable in informal

style, but in formal style “because” should be changed 新编英语语法教程 第 32 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 32A 1. We went via Worcester so as to miss the traffic jam. 2. I haven’t decided whether to answer his letter or not. 3. He opened his mouth wide as if to speak. 5. The man to consult is Wilson. you would think he was a celebrity. be seen better. 4. His work was so good as to make him internationally famous. 6. To hear him talk, 7. She stood up to 9. He was

8. As we talked of where to meet, I

noticed something unusual in his tone. Halliday.

the first man to discuss the question with Professor 10. My brother got up early in order to have enough time to pack. 11. Whether he had changed his mind 12. Is he really a 13. We consider the girl to be 15. The place (for about what to day I did not know. man to be trusted? trustworthy.

14. We ask very citizen to watch closely 16. David was miserable

any developments in this matter. you) to stay is the Hilton.

unless he had neighbours with whom to quarrel/ … neighbours to quarrel with. slowly to be much use to us. 18. I’ll buy you some magazines to read on the journey. 19. We thought it wrong to punish him/ for him to be punished. 20. For a vote to be valid, the deputy must be present and vote in person. Ex. 32B 1. … too old to speak or hear. wear… (for me) to explain. 5. … too personal for Cyril to answer. sour (for me) to eat. to earn a single thing. 8. … too dirty for them to see through. badly broken to be mended. them to wade across. 11. … clear enough for you to see… strong enough to hold… to swim against. 14. … too fat to tie up his own shoes. 15. … not

17. Betty works too

2. … too fat (for me) to

3. … too excited to think. 4. … too difficult 6. … too

7. … too empty-headed 9. … too

10. … too deep for 12. …

13. … too strong for him

good enough for me to marry. drink a well dry.

16. … thirsty enough to 18. … not

17. You don’t eat enough to keep… enough beer for you all to have a drink.

19. … enough food left over to feed a dozen more people. 20. I haven’t got enough wool to make… Ex. 32C a) 1. so that it should/ might look should be as to have not get so that the room should look 2. so that there 3. so as not to get 4. so as not to leave 5. 6. so as to avoid 7. so 8. so that we should not have 9. so as not 12. so that it should be 13. so as not to get

have 10. So that I should not be 11. so that it should 14. so as to cover 15. so that my arms should not get 16. so as not to get 17. so that the brush should not get 18. so that it may/can be used 19. so that it shall not get 20. so as to use b) 1. so kind as to invite 2. so (that) I was happy that I danced unfortunate as not to have 6. for the snow to be enough to freeze 7. so thick as to cover 8. cold 9. so (that) I had 10. so kind as to

3. so 5. so

4. to get

send 11. for it to arrive (that) I cut Ex. 32D 1. Playing the piano is my favourite pastime. worth while doing such experiments? 2. Is it 3. They insisted 12. too excited to untie 14. for me to wear 13. so

on holding a reception in our honour. 4. I have got used to doing this kind of work. 5. After booking the ticket, she began to pack her things. objection to carrying out this plan? 6. Instead of criticizing him, we should praise him. 7. Have you any 8. At the meeting he stressed the importance of following the mass line. 9. Rebuilding this canal has already brought many benefits to our national economy. 10. Seeing so many people before her, she felt very nervous. 11. Having lived in Sichuan for many years, I know that place very well. 12. Pointing at a new 13. We began to building, he said, “This is our club.”

knock at the door, thinking that was his home. 14. The river being too wide, we couldn’t swim across. 15. Such being the case, I won’t insist on your staying here.

16. The weather being so warm, someone suggested having the party in the open air. 17. Being so excited, he didn’t know what to say. 18. She sat there silent, tears streaming down her cheeks. 19. When he got to the village, he found the 20. Yesterday girls picking cotton in the fields. smoking cigarettes in the classroom. Ex. 32E 1. Anyone not hearing that noise must have been stone-deaf. 2. We were delayed by heavy trucks being loaded onto the ship. 3. Suddenly feeling dizzy, Mrs. Wilson sat down quickly. 4. Presents costing less than ten pounds in all may be imported duty-free. 5. Planning to buy a car, Mrs. Jay has opened a savings account. 6. Any dutiable articles not declared to the 7. Having Customs will be liable to confiscation.

afternoon the school master caught some pupils

worked hard all day, I was ready for bed by eight o’clock. 8. The man was accompanied by a porter weighing at least 160 kilos. 9. The castle, burnt in the sixteenth 10. Putting/Having put

century, was never rebuilt.

down my newspaper, I walked over to the window and looked out. 11. Used economically, one tin will last for at least six weeks. 12. Any driver not having a licence ought to be sent to jail right away. 13. It rained for two weeks on end, 14. Everybody, 15. Cars 17. At the 16. The men completely ruining our holiday. parked illegally were removed. working on the site were in some danger. Times.

hearing the noise, jumped up in alarm.

station, we were met by a man carrying a copy of The 18. Anyone providing information leading to 19. Living in the country, 20. The British Museum has the conviction of those responsible will receive a reward not exceeding £1000. we had few amusements. Ex. 32F 1. I hope to finish the paper by Saturday. it strange for him to say a thing like that. them how to do it. 4. He is not the man to be trifled with. worked all night to get the job done in time. was believed to have been a reporter. 5. He 6. He 7. I can’t

a right to one copy of any book appearing in Britain. 2. We think 3. I showed

understand him behaving so foolishly. remember you ever speaking on that subject.

8. I don’t

9. Mary is the lady to vote for. 10. Ambushed and cornered, the enemy surrendered. 11. Spock’s having pointed ears is intriguing. ticket please apply to me? dentist’s, … 14. …, occurring, as it does, only once in many years. 15. We shall never make it without hurrying. 16. He felt ashamed of having done so little. can’t imagine anything happening to him. 18. United, we stand; divided, we fall. Exhausted, the children fell asleep at once. Considered as…, … Ex. 32G 1. Knowing that he was poor, I offered… 2. Having 3. 5. barricaded the windows, we assembled… 4. Finding/ Having found no one at home, he left… Hoping to find the will, she searched… 6. Having removed all traces of his crime, the criminal left… 7. Realizing that he had missed the last

12. will anyone wanting a 13. While waiting at the

17. I 19. 20.

Becoming tired of my complaints, she turned off…

train, he began… 8. Exhausted by his work, he threw… 9. Having spent all his money, he decided… prison, he looked… 11. Having heard the story before, she didn’t want… 12. Having found the treasure, they began… Entering the room suddenly, she found… Turning/ Having turned on the light, I 15. Having visited the museum, we decided… 16. Thinking we were lost, he offered… 17. Having 18. found his revolver and loaded it, he sat… alone, she asked… 13. 14. was… 10. Having escaped from

Realizing/ Having realized that she couldn’t move it 19. Having fed the dog, he sat… 20. Addressing the congregation, he said… 21. … the characters, lying face downwards in a sea of mud, have an unintelligible conversation. realize… fallen… were… large, I was… inn, he looked…


Looking/ Having looked through the fashion magazines, I 23. The tree, uprooted by the gale, had 24. People sleeping in the next room 25. Knowing that the murderer was still at 26. Having been accommodated in an

27. Soaked to the skin, we reached…

28. Sitting/

Seated in the front row and equipped with…, I saw… 29. Knowing that the bull was bad-tempered, I didn’t like… gave… 30. Believing that she could trust him, she 31. Slates, ripped off by the gale, fell… 33. The government, trying

32. The lion, finding his cage door open and seeing no sign of his keeper, left… tax… 35. to tax people according to the size of their houses, put a 34. Having heard that the caves were dangerous, Wearing extremely fashionable clothes and I didn’t like… surrounded by photographers and pressmen, she swept… Ex. 32H 1. Eager to begin the climb, the men rose at first light. 2. The summit, bare and black, towered above them. 3. / 4. They found a ledge narrow enough for one man. 5. Thoroughly exhausted, they crawled into their sleeping bags. 6. Stiff in every joint, they could hardly stand. 7. When fresh, the snow afforded no sure foothold.

8. The wind, keen as a razor, drove them back into the shelter of their tent. 9. Though light as a feather, 10. the rescue their tent somehow remained firm.

party brought them down to the base camp, half-dead with the cold./ Half-dead with the cold, they were brought down to the base camp by the rescue party. 11. Although/ Though a lawyer by training, he became a great soldier. 12. We shall continue our policy, whatever your objections. 13. An even-tempered man, Paul… 14. …his face, able to relax for the first time in days. 15. Angry with the girl for oversleeping, Mrs. Serafino went to down to wake her up. heir to a fortune, did not… 17. A notorious burglar, Bob Rand found it easy to…/ Bob Rand, a notorious burglar, found it easy to… 18. A blatant liar, Ron Pall was expelled from…/ Ron Pall, a blatant liar, was expelled from… 19. A man of integrity, he will keep his word, I’m certain. 20. As if by previous arrangement, she came to the palace…

16. The heir

to a fortune, Bob’s friend did not…/ Bob’s friends, the

Ex. 32I 1. She stood back and looked at him, her face smiling radiantly. 2. His exam finished, Porter stumbled wearily out of the room. 3. Henry Adams ran from the room, cold shivers running down his spine. 4. The station wagon sped away, the 5. Dinner 6. taillights disappearing into the distance.

over, the family scattered to their various haunts.

His opponent gaining a lead of almost 200,000 votes the senator publicly conceded that he had lost his election bid. 7. Nobody having any more to say, the meeting was closed. 8. There being no way for me to cross, I walked upstream on the south side. humour quite restored. 9. James sat down, wiped his forehead and smiled complacently, his good 10. Marie sat on the edge of 11. All a frail wooden chair in Kirby’s suite, (the) champagne glass in her hand, (her) tears in her eyes. work. 12. A little girl walked past, her doll dragging behind her on the pavement. 13. The guest having departed,

the money having been spent, Jack started looking for

Father kicked off his shoes and stretched out on the couch. 14. Hilda marched stiffly from the room, her face blazing with anger. 15. (With) the whole meeting in uproar, the chairman abandoned the attempt to take a vote. completed, I went to bed. 17. In front of him stood a man, gun in hand. The clock having struck twelve, we had to leave. newspaper spread before him. textbook in the other. 18. 19. 16. Task

Walking into the room, I saw Grandpa sitting at the desk, 20. The professor rested against the blackboard, chalk in one hand, 21. Jimmy walked slowly to the corner of the playground, face streaked with tears. 22. Stomachs crying for food, backs burning from too much sun, the two boys gathered their gear and headed for home. store. 23. packages under arm, maps in hand, I 24. A small cotton bag over his face, hands made my way to the Chevy pickup parked in front of the tied behind his back, a noose fixed securely about his neck, the prisoner stood quietly on the wooden platform. 25. The breeze becoming gustier, whitecaps giving the

lake a frothy, sinister appearance, the evening grew more menacing. 新编英语语法教程 第 33 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 33A 1. Thank you very much for the present you sent me. 2. She was dancing with a student who…/ The student (who/ whom/ that) she was dancing with… 3. … The telephone box (which/ that) I was phoning from/… from which I was phoning. 4. The chair (which/ that) I 5. I 6. … in was sitting in…/ The chair in which I was sitting… to… on the next, which was a slow train. whom were wearing… 7. The string (which/ that) they tie up parcels with/ The string with which they tie up parcels is so weak that… 8. The boy (whom/who) Peter shared a flat with/ The boy with whom Peter shared a flat was a philosophy student and… 9. …, which turned out to be true. which hadn’t…. sack at any moment.

missed the train (which/ that) I usually catch, and I had patched jeans, which surprised the other guests, most of

10. …, most of

11. …, who could give him the

12. …, which led to a great confusion in the country. 13. …, where they would be free to keep Negroes as slaves. 14. … Pierre, who was crossing a road, was run over and killed. heights. 16. …, which cannot be taught. who later died of his wounds. 17. …the fifth, 18. The building, 15. … who dares to scale the

which was enormous, had not yet running water. 19. …, for which he was honoured with the title of model worker. Ex. 33B 1. that 2. who 3. that 4. (that) 5. that 6. that 17. 7. (that) 8. (that) 9. that 10. (that) 11. which 12. whom 13. that 14. that 15. (that) 16. whose whose 18. when 22. whom 25. which Ex. 33C 1. for which about which 2. at which 3. to which 4. of which 5. 6. in which 7. about which 8. as a

20. …, which I am glad to hear.

19. where 20. (that) 21. which 24. which 27. (in which)/(that) 28.

23. which

26. whose

whom 29. (who)/(that) 30. whom

result of which 9. of which which which which Ex. 33D 1. who 2. whom, who 3. that, ( ), that, ( ) 5. who, who 7. whose, who 9. that, which 10. ( ), 12. who, / , who 16. ( ), which 19. that, / 17. 20. 4. who, who 6. whom, who which 14. ( ), who ( ), whom (which) 新编英语语法教程 第 34 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 34A 1. Water freezes if the temperature… 2. If I come to Shanghai, I usually go to the City Library. 3. There are 29 days in February if… 4. I like to go to the seaside if I… 5. I went to my office

10. on which 11. by which 12. through 14. for which 15. along 20. on

13. for which 16. of which

17. in which

18. at which

19. from which

8. where (=in which), which 11. ( ), whom 15. ( ), who 18. that, / 13. who, who

by bus if my car… get…

6. Flowers die if they don’t 8. If I want to write a 9. If I’m very thirsty, I like

7. A motorist must pull up if… letter, I need pen and paper. to drink lager beer.

10. If businessmen want to

borrow money, they go to see their bank manager. 11. If I make a mistake, I expect the teacher to correct it. 12. If one wants to visit a foreign country, one must have a valid passport. see a doctor. 14. If there is a power failure, all electrical appliances stop working. 15. If people found it hard to earn a living in their own county, they went abroad. 16. If people work in a post office, they wear a green uniform. 17. If we mix red with yellow, we get orange. there was hunger, there was social unrest. 19. If I am hungry, I usually have a full meal. Ex. 34B 1. leave shall buy 2. will tell 3. will support 4. will be 5. 6. will happen 7. can assume 8. will be

13. If people feel ill, they go to

18. If 20. If I

went to a concert, I preferred to listen to pop music.

9. will promise 10. is find 11. discovers 14. would lend 12. should come 15. should be 13. will 16. get/ will 20.

get 17. closes 18. will you please did 21. is 19. will have to/ must work 22. is 23. dares/ should dare 25. said 26. need 30. 28. can go 29. goes

24. promised/ has promised 27. would kindly take ought to Ex. 34C 1. … he gets more EX.. 3. … my house is robbed. walk. 5. …don’t want to. me know. go without him.

2. … will be angry with me. 4. … will take the dog for a 7. …let 9. … will 11. I 12. …

6. … have the tools.

8. … will be very angry.

10. … shall not speak to him any more. won’t be able to get there on time, … the teacher comes. 13. … don’t want to get wet. next week’s examination. 16. … want to get there on time.

14. … will do well in 15. … will go. 17. …rains

tomorrow? will be healthier. Ex. 34D 1. were to say afford

18. … will try to repair it. 20. … won’t understand it. 2. were earning 4. asked 5. were to say 8. would…do 12. were 14. went

19. …

3. were 6. could 13. 15.

7. asked

9. would admit

10. would be could be read would lift Ex. 34E

11. would be

1. … you would not be chosen as a basketball player. 2. … he didn’t like to. 3. … you won a lot of money? 5. … 6. … he would do it. 9. … I had 4. … I would be able to take better pictures. would have to obey him. 7. … I would buy it. 8. … I would change my profession. the time. Ex. 34F 1. If he had given me his number, I could have telephoned him. 2. If it had not been for the fact 3. If the shop

10. … I would save a lot of time.

that the sun was in the right direction, the photographs would not have come out so well.

had packed the goods properly, they would not have got damaged. 4. If the Government had not raised 5. If taxes, they would not have been so unpopular. have passed the examination.

he had been able to answer all the questions, he would 6. If he had passed the examination, he would have gone to university. 7. If we had got there on time, we would not have found the doors locked in our faces. 8. If she had read the 9. If book, she would have understood what I meant. have asked him to explain again. forward in space research. Ex. 34G 1. If he had not failed his examination last year, he would not take it again in June. 2. If the Government had 3. If we had not not made so many mistakes when it first came to office, it would win the next election. platform. today.

we had not understood what he was saying, we would 10. If the rocket had gone into orbit, it would have marked a step

missed the train, we would not be waiting on this cold 4. If there had not been a very sharp frost last night, we would not be able to go skating

5. If you had taken my advice, you would not be in a difficult position now. 6. If she had given him a lift in 7. If he had her car, he would not be late for work.

worked hard, he would be able to pass the examination. 8. If the bank manager had lent him the money, he would be moving to a larger house. many other places of interest. her. Ex. 34H 1. How many days are there in February if it is not a leap year? 2. What places do you usually like to visit if you come to Shanghai? 3. In the old days, there used to be millions of people dying of hunger and pestilence in case of flood. 4. When he lived in Shanghai, he used to like classical music if he went to a concert. 5. If she (has) promised to come to the party, she will certainly come. 6. If I can get a loan from the bank, I’ll buy the house. 7. His health won’t improve unless he gives up smoking

9. If I had

brought enough money with me, I would be visiting 10. If she had not offended him so vilely, he would be preparing to marry

at once. 8. I wouldn’t buy this picture even if I could afford it. 9. If there weren’t so many mosquitoes, it would be a perfect evening. 10. What would you do about the problem if you were in my shoes? 11. If the president hadn’t violated the Federal law, he wouldn’t have been forced to resign. 12. If the shop had packed the goods properly, they wouldn’t have got damaged. 13. If it had not been for the stabilizing effect of the Renminbi, the financial crisis in East Asia would have worsened. 14. If you had taken my advice, you would not be in a difficult position now. 15. If the bank had lent her the money, she would be moving to a larger house. 16. If I could speak English, I would have expressed my idea more clearly. 17. If I knew her address, I would have sooner written to her. 18. If I were her, I would never have accepted their invitation.

19. If it had not been for the misdemeanors of the president, he would not have been impeached. 20. I f it were not for the financial crisis in East Asia, China’s economy would be developing at a greater speed. 新编英语语法教程 第 35 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 35A 1. Ann said whenever her father was unhappy he would go out and buy something, usually something large and useless. 2. Paul said it was high time they left the place. was safe with two. 4. Mr. Jackson said that in most countries Red Cross stands for humanitarianism. 5. My nephew said he knew the umbrella belonged to me but he thought it would be all right if he borrowed it. 6. Mr. Jones said he wished he had six weeks for a holiday. 7. The headmistress announced any child found climbing over the playground wall that night would be punished with an hour’s detention the next day. 8. The husband said if they put up a shelf over


the manager said I’d better take someone with me as it

the kitchen sink they could get rid of all the washing-up impediments which were now cluttering up the draining board. 9. Her husband told her that the steak was underdone and said he was not complaining but was just pointing it out. 10. He said if what I said was true he must/ would have to go to the police. 11. He told me that I mustn’t forget to put the stamp on, or my friend would have to pay double postage. 12. The wife said if he were any good he’d help her instead of standing there criticizing. 13. My employer said that I needn’t come in the following day and told me to take a day off. 14. He said that after the lecture he had had to rush home. 15. Mary said when she saw them last they were listening to the recording. 16. Mike said he was starting the work in two days’ time. 17. Mr. Corder said that I could leave my motorcycle in his garage if I liked and he would keep an eye on it while I was away. 18. Mabel said I must leave a note for my mother,

otherwise she would be terribly worried when I wasn’t in at my usual time. 19. Tom said he had left some books on my table. He thought I’d find them useful and said I could keep them as long as I needed them but that he’d like them back when I’d finished with the. 20. The writer said that Arran sweaters had become very fashionable lately. He added that in the past they were/ had been wron only by fishermen and each family kept/ had kept to a particular pattern, so that if a man was drowned/ had been drowned, his sweater would identify him. Ex. 35B 1. He asked me if I was being attended to. eight. 3. He asked why my mother was driving so fast. suitcase. 5. He suggested taking more EX.. offered to post the letter for me. 7. He suggested going to bed later/ He asked why I didn’t

2. He

asked if he would be in time for the train if he started at 4. He

asked her if she would mind if he looked into her 6. He

go to bed later. for me.

8. He offered to carry my bag 10.

9. He suggested taking some sleeping pills. He offered to make me a cup of coffee.

11. He asked me to help him change the wheel/He asked (me) if I would help him change the wheel. 12. He offered to run me home in his car. 13. He asked if I knew who was coming. 14. He asked if I’d wondered why he hadn’t come. 15. He asked me if I had to do it all that night. He asked his mother whether he had to eat it all. 17. He told me that the liqueur chocolates were delicious and asked me whether I would like some. 18. He suggested going for a swim as it was quite fine then. 19. He asked me if I would mind posting that letter for him, and he told me not to forget it. 20. He asked me if had seen those advertisements for the horsedrawn caravans which could be hired in Ireland. He said that he would love to spend a holiday meandering along Irish lanes and it would be a real change from stresses of city life. He suggested we should


do it. Ex. 35C 1. He ordered me to climb in through the window. 2. He warned me not to let it boil over. 3. He recommended me to wash it in lukewarm water. 4. He suggested giving a party/ He suggested we (should) give a party. 5. He advised me to make good use of my time. 6. He reminded me to take my keys. me not to disturb him. 8. He told me not to look up any words. 9. He offered to pay for it. 10. He said that I wasn’t’ to water the garden unless it was very dry. a bit stronger. 12. He urged me not to wait till next week. 13. She wanted me to bring her a new dress from Paris. 14. He forbade me to come to his house again. 15. He implored me to be careful with the dog. Ex. 35D 1. He said how annoying it was/ He expressed his annoyance. 2. He called me a liar. 3. He wished

7. He asked

11. He begged me to make the coffee

me a happy Christmas. 4. He remarked it was a pity. with delight. garden it was. 7. He interrupted. He was astonished. help. 11. He commented on how cold the day was and said he needed warmer clothes. 12. She called him an idiot as he was sitting on the eggs. 13. He swore. wrong again. 15. He greeted me. the weather got worse. 17. He grumbled about the noisy aeroplanes and said that something ought to be done about them. 18. He acknowledged my kindness. be at the hairdresser’s at 19. She quarter past. exclaimed that it was nearly ten and said that she had to 20. He said he didn’t know. Ex. 35E

5. He exclaimed

6. He remarked what a lovely 8. He agreed. 9.

10. He yelled/ called for

14. He cursed the map for leading him 16. He implored them to be

careful and not to leave the mountain hut the next day if

1. The light suddenly went out and Ann offered to get the candle. But Mr. Jones said that he’d rather she got another bulb. Ann said there weren’t any and (that) the shops were shut. 2. The man next to me asked to have a look at my paper as he wanted to see the football results. I said I hadn’t finished it yet and told him to wait a moment. He said he couldn’t wait long as he was getting off at the next stop. 3. I said to Tom that I would have the money for him the following week and asked if I should post it to him. he asked me keep it in my safe till he could come and collect it, for a lot of his mail had been going astray lately and he would hate to lose one of my large cheques. 4. Ann said if I had heard the noise and what I thought it was. (I said) I thought it was only rats running up and down inside the wall, but she said it might be someone trying to get in and asked / advised me to go and see. 5. I suggested starting / offered to start/ asked if I should start the next day. But Tom said he’d rather I started that day. 6. My father told me that he had run out of stamps and asked if I had got any. I said I hadn’t, and offered to go

out and get some if he liked. He told me not to bother as he had missed the post anyway. 7. I asked why he was spending so long on those accounts. He said he couldn’t make them balance; he seemed to be 13 pounds short and that meant he would have to put in 13 pounds of his own money to make it up. I asked if he’d like me to go through them and see if I could find a mistake. 8. Tom says (in the postcard) that we aren’t to worry about him. He wasn’t badly injured and is being very well looked after. He says he is coming back next Wednesday on the nine o’clock flight from Zurich and asks us to meet the plane. Ex. 35F (1) had emigrated to Australia Christmas card (5) had gone to stayed there (6) had bought/ bought (8) had come from (7) had (9) had never (2) had heard from him (4) had sent a (3) had got two or three letters

said anything about it (10) had always sounded (12) had been stolen (11) had got married (14)

(13) had never bought

had never sent her (15) had only been not recognize Ex. 35G …Helen exclaimed that she hadn’t put it anywhere. Bill continued that she must have put it in a drawer or in the writing desk. Helen insisted that she hadn’t even seen it and added that he didn’t look after his things properly. Bill admitted that he ought to have put it in a safer place. He explained that he would have to find it because he thought he had won the first prize and he wouldn’t be able to claim it without the ticket. Helen suggested that he had perhaps put it in his wallet after all. Then Bill remembered that he had left it in his blue overalls! Helen concluded that in that case they could say goodbye to the prize, because his lottery ticket was at the clearner’s where she had taken his overalls on the previous Monday! 新编英语语法教程 第 36 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 36A 1. He was warned by a light flashing repeatedly. 2.

(16) did not remember (17) did (19) had been

(18) had seen him

eating (20) had hated/ hated

An article written by my brother appeared... 3. His decision to retire surprised… of winning the game. to write… 6. … of Anna’s doing the job. written by my brother… chemistry. 9. she made a point of coming late… 11. … on children. that man; … to him. 13. This leap, right across the fissure, … alive. anglers. 16. The picture shows a river alive with all kinds of boats and barges. 19. It 17. The house ablaze… is a lovely and 18. His not fine day. very intelligent son… 20. …uninvited guests at the party. are a retired worker, … 22. The unemployment situation… energy crisis in our country. ten-year-old girl. 25. … a red-carpeted room. 26. I was awakened by a

4. … no hope

5. He refused the invitation 7. The article 10. …in 12. … for 14. … men

8. …reputation for honesty.

15. This is a form of fishing open to all

21. If you 23. … any 24. … a

barking dog… 27. … the first news George had had of his friend’s absence. 28. Many ways have been found to use… The assumption is made that the cylinder… 30. … the first I’ve actually met of the hundreds of thousands so treated. Ex. 36B 1. All in their twenties, the three men pleaded not guilty. 2. A grandfatherly old man, the judge looked harmless and ready to believe us from the beginning. 3. Columbus’s assumption that the land he had discovered was the eastern extremity of Asia was soon proved wrong. 4. Some people, especially student readers, like to look for a “moral” in everything they read – a “moral” being some rule of conduct which they regard as applicable to their lives. 5. Columbus’s report that there was a king in the south who owned great quantities of gold lured… 6. The suspicion that smoking has something to do with cancer rests on several kinds of evidence. 7. The fact that you went to sleep during my lecture


suggests that… 8. The knowledge that I can always call upon you for support is… 9. They were building a bridge across the river, a bridge which was intended… 10. Yesterday I went skating-something I hadn’t done for years. 12. Many 11. He is now faced with an important members were absent, notably the decision- a decision that… vice-chairman. Kennedy… 13. A number of American 14. They had to face the fact

presidents, including McKinley, Harding, Roosevelt, and that the nearest filling station… 15. The idea that my watch might be wrong did not occur to me. 16. When a victim suffers a major burn--one in which at least 20 percent of the skin is lost—damage usually extends far beyond the burn site. 17. A dry lightning storm, that is, a thunderstorm without rain, started a fire in a remote part of the forest in August. 18. Half an hour later, the second diver returned with the same report—nothing.

19. Nairobi’s railroad station is the starting point for East Africa’s most traveled passenger train, the overnight express to Mombasa, Kenya’s port on the Indian Ocean. 20. A people of inventors and discoverers, philosophers and soldiers, poets and craftsmen, the ancient Chinese gave the world many of its most useful things; paper and gunpowder, printing and the compass. Ex. 36C 1. I usually go to Paris in summer. 2. We always meet in the park on Sunday afternoon. 3. Just about an hour ago, I saw John in the office. 4. Before I get up, I always have a cup of tea in bed. 5. I seldom get up early on Sunday. 6. He always plays well in an important game. 7. We usually eat out when we go to the theatre. 8. Last night, he spoke very well at the debate. 9. He arrived at the meeting punctually at eight o’clock. 10. We are going to meet at John’s house at nine o’clock tomorrow. 11. I pay my rates once a month this year/ This year, I pay my rates once a month. 12. The telephone rang twice while you were out/ While

you were out, … 13. We have lectures all the morning every day this week/ This week, … 14. I shall be away for a day or two several times this summer/ This summer, … 15. There were power cuts for two or three hours at a time almost every day during the winter of 1947/ During the winter of 1947, … 16. Interviews will take place between nine and twelve every weekday next month/ Next month, … 17. Visits to the museum will be between two and four during the summer. 18. That morning, wives, mothers and sweethearts waited with highly commendable patience on the quay. 19. Towards evening, the officer on duty pointed excitedly towards the west. 20. On October 4th, 1954, we waited at Bristol for several hours in the morning. 21. Coming home late last night a little drunk, he fell headlong into the ditch. 22. As the furry caterpillar slowly crawled along de leaf, the small girl screamed in terror.

23. Some students very much enjoy arguing with one another excitedly in gloomy cafés. 24. He told me that on his first visit to London he had arrived at Victoria at exactly four minutes past four on the 4th April, 1944. 25. Early in the morning, he Duchess has often been seen carefully choosing vegetables in the market. Ex. 36D 1. Naturally, I will have to… Clearly, there has been… returned the cheque. 5. Oddly enough, he did not… unreasonably, he protested… Interestingly, he never knew that he… 8. Hopefully, the two sides may… he does not want to… burglar had not taken… 11. Sure enough, a solution will be… 12. Rightly, the Chinese people protested… we ought to put… 14. Surely, I have met him before. he refused our invitation. 15. To our regret, 16. Luckily, someone

2. Frankly, I was…


4. Fortunately, Roberts 6. Not 7. 9. Quite obviously,

10. Strangely enough, the

13. Even more important,

managed to find me. 17. You telephoned the hospital first, quite rightly. 18. Foolishly, the girl did not ask your name. 19. Understandably, her appointment has not been confirmed. barked. 21. Wisely, all the doors had been bolted. 22. Clearly, we shall have to inform the police. 23. Not unnaturally, we had all felt rather alarmed. 24. The accident happened, possibly, when I was in the garden. 25. What is more important, we should not let it happen again. Ex. 36E 1. moreover 2. In other words words/ That is to say however 8. Actually 9. So 10. Nevertheless 11. after all 12. Furthermore 15. consequently 16. As a result 19. Besides 17. then 18. therefore 20. First; Secondly;

20. Curiously, the dog never

3. Also

4. In other 6. Still 7.

5. In that case

13. for all that

14. conversely

Thirdly and most importantly 新编英语语法教程 第 37 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 37A 1. food/ kind (﹡one) 2. one 3. it (﹡one) (﹡ones) 8. one 5. One, one’s / his 9. (one) 11. that ( ﹡ one) 14. one 12. One, 16. 13. one 19. ones 15. one 6. one 4. one, / 7. one

10. people ( ﹡ one) oneself / himself (one) Ex. 37B 17. ones 18. (one), (one)

20. one 2. … than he was doing 4. …

1. … and I have done so. before. but he didn’t do so. 5. … So does Sally. wife. but we do.

3. … and does not do archaeology.

6. … better than he does his 8. … No, 10. … And he did

7. … it has not done so.

9. … But his wife did to Chicago. so to me too. Ex. 37C 1. So did I. So does iron. 2. So does she.

3. So does his sister. 4. 6. So did his mother.

5. So do the buses.

7. So she does. 8. So he does. 9. So does he. did the dean. 14. So he does. 15. So did his brother. 18. So they did. does her sister. 21. Neither / Nor did the bridegroom. Nor did the second. on. 24. So she did. 27. So does my little sister. 29. So he 31. So do lots of other 35. 37. 22. Neither / 23. So does the one I’m sitting 16. So it does. 17. So do I. 19. So she does. 20. Neither / Nor 10. So it did. 11. So 12. So does grass. 13. So she did.

25. Neither / Nor did any of their friends. 26. Neither / Nor does the cook. does. people. 28. Neither / Nor has / does my wife. 30. So do bats. 32. So it does. 34. Neither / Nor did I. 36. So he will.

33. So do we all. So will their children. 38. So they did. Ex. 37D 1. I’m afraid not

Neither / Nor will my colleagues.

39. So did other responsible cadres.

40. Neither / Nor do the apple trees. 2. I think so. 3. I guess so. 4. I

suppose so. afraid so. so.

5. I expect not. 11. I’ve been told so.

6. I doubt it.

7. I 10. I’m

hope so. 8. I fear not.

9. I thought not.

12. All people say 16. So I’ve heard.

13. I hope not. 14. I believe so.

15. I think not/ I don’t think so. 20. So I’ve noticed.

17. It seems not. 18. I’m sure of it. 19. So I’ve seen. 新编英语语法教程 第 38 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 38A 1. … and go to immense trouble… the preparation of… 3. …to be served in small pieces, picked up little by little with chopsticks, and eaten slowly. 4. … but wheat in the north. served hot. 6. … but oil in China. stuffed snails. forks. 9. … Chinese marriages with a meal of at least a dozen courses. rice.

2. … and brought

5. … cup up very

small in the kitchen, cooked in a large iron bowl, and 7. … and Guangdong for

8. … the Europeans with knives and

10. … nor would a Chinese dinner

11. Many people have been suffering, and many still are suffering, from influenza. avoided. instinctively dangerous. 17. … or by some mechanism built into its nervous system from the start. 18. Some people require eight hours’ sleep a night, others are satisfied with six or less. 19. … nor a reliable average for different age groups. 20. … but in fact they often prove to be less. Ex. 38B 1. Jane is dusting the furniture because Bob won’t. of work for others. 3. He remained a great lover of sport, as he had been in his youth. 4. Although told to stop, John kept on working till late at night. 5. I am happy if you are. 6. I gave my energy to other subjects though continuing to… 7. Though

12. … but they don’t really. 14. … and which to be dangerous objects.

13. … but they do not really. avoid, highly

15. Some animals swallow, others

16. … a game which can be, and often is, very


Her life is yet, as it has always been, one ceaseless round

seriously wounded, he… 8. … even if progressing slowly. youngest of the class, Mary… don’t catch cold. 11. they are meant to wound, perhaps to kill. 12. I caught the train—just. worked hard, he… 14. I take it you are going to the party this evening. 15. (no change) your problems, they… 17. There is somebody wants you on the phone. 18. … bookworm he used to be. left to see in the city. 20. … all the men known to have been in the building at that time. Ex. 38C 1. … and one was saved in the crash. to write. coincided. 2. … and 3. He is neither interested in nor… 5. … many other girl singers have sung 7. …

9. Although the 10. Be careful you

13. for all he had

16. whatever

19. … all there is

4. … and that by the man who followed him on the panel and still are singing. 6. … and never will do any.

was called and other drivers were told to proceed cautiously. 8. … and that poor George was really scared. well throughout the season. team could have won the game. never worried about… 12. … than for that of his family. necessity for this action. 14. … and to summarize the main points presented. 15. … because he was very ill. 16. … if you will too/ if you will open one too. 17. … and Peter will this afternoon. 18. … the longer it dwells upon, and the deeper it sinks into, the mind. 19. … yet he was never given full marks. although he disapproved of the way we dressed. 新编英语语法教程 第 39 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 39A 1. a) Even though men may deny it, women may soon…/ While men may deny it, women may soon…

9. … that

played well on both offence and defence and that drew 10. for service the 11. He 13. … to present

our arguments and to convince the council of the

20. …

b) Women may soon be able to compete with men in most sporting events, but men may deny it. 2. a) Though it will increase social security taxes by thirty percent, the new law is enacted. b) A new law is enacted which will increase… 3. a) When their house was ransacked by a juvenile gang, the mayor and his wife were attending a conference…/ The mayor and his wife, whose house was ransacked by a juvenile gang, were attending a conference… b) When the mayor and his wife were attending…, their house was ransacked by a juvenile gang. 4. a) The Warren Report, though accepted by most Americans, has left many questions unanswered. b) The Warren Report, which has left many questions unanswered, has been accepted by most Americans. 5. a) Since acupuncture is so alien to the Western concept of medical treatment, it continues to be regarded with suspicion in the Western world. b) The Western world continues to be regarded acupuncture with suspicion, perhaps because it is so alien to their own concept of medical treatment. 6. a) Provided (that) they can overcome serious

problems like crime and pollution, cities like New York and Detroit can survive. b) Cities like New York and Detroit can survive if they can overcome serious problems like crime and pollution. 7. a) While traditional churches are rapidly losing members, Oriental religions seem to be attracting thousands of American youth. / Because traditional churches are rapidly losing members, Oriental religions seem to be attracting… b) While Oriental religions seem to be attracting thousands of American youth, traditional churches are rapidly losing members. 8. a) Thomas Edison remained active and creative into his 80s, but his most productive year came at the age of 35. b) Thomas Edison, whose most productive year came at the age of 35, remained active and creative into his 80s. 9. a) A country need not worry about being attacked as long as it remains militarily strong. b) If a country remains militarily strong, it need not worry about being attacked.

10. a) Many liberal arts graduates will have difficulty finding employment unless they are willing to accept work outside their major interests until the economic situation becomes more favourable. b) Until the economic situation becomes more favourable, many liberal arts graduates will have difficulty finding employment unless they are willing to accept work outside their major interests. Ex. 39B 1. … Nowhere else will you find such fine pupils. 2. …Nowhere else have I seen a better performance. 3. At no time during his long stay in Shanghai did he come to our school. 4. …At no time during the previous term had he worked hard. whole term. 6. … Not a day did she spend without having… 8. Not only did Jimmy pass the exam, but he got… 9. Only an hour ago did he find out that… exam. 11. Only when I heard his voice trembling did I realize…

5. … Not a single paper did he write the 7. / 10.

Only through sheer luck did Carol manage to pass the

12. … Only yesterday did he ring me up. 13. Only because someone had given him a lift did he get to the meeting in time. 14. On no account will the manager tolerate rudeness from his employees. 15. On no account will China allow any other country… 16. Under no circumstances will China become a superpower. 17. No sooner had he begun to speak than I sensed that… 18. No longer these days is it necessary for women to spend hours of drudgery in the kitchen. 19. No longer should women put up with… 20. … No more will he work for the boss. 21. No wider than a foot was the space between the goalkeeper and the post… 22. … but equally important is the question of expense. 23. … So was his behaviour towards his son/ Equally inexplicable was… 24. In no other department store will you find such a wide variety of goods. 25. In no other restaurant have I experienced such bad

service as in this one. can I understand why…

26. Not for the life of me

27. Not for a moment can the old man imagine that he would… think that… 29. Not for anything would that boy part with his family. 30. Not for anything will I give up halfway. 31. Not for nothing has the volleyball team won the world cup. 32. Not for nothing is Chinese tea famous all over the world. 33. So impressively did he speak that everyone… 34. So strong was the impact he made on us all that… 35. … but not even then could she believe it. 36. … that not even after he was 75 would he stop working. 37. … Not even if he was threatened with expulsion from school would he waver. begun to speak when… 39. Scarcely had he got to the office when his boss… 40. …Hardly a single paper did he write last term. 41. / 42. Not until yesterday did I realize what trouble he was in.

28. Not for one minute do I

38. Hardly had he

43. Seldom do we have the opportunity of receiving such a distinguished writer. 44. … Rarely do they go to school by bus. and away went the car like a flash. walked the teacher. 47. … when in he came. mouse. Ex. 39C Never again would I need to worry about the future! On no account would I need to borrow money from friends, and still less would I be dependent on the favours of rich relatives! On the contrary, in no circumstances whatever would I feel financially dependent on any person! Seldom had things looked so bright! But little did I know at the time that my luck was soon to change… Scarcely had I come into the money when the shares fell drastically on the Stock Exchange. No sooner had I begun to enjoy my wealth than I was again reduced to my former state of poverty. At no time in my life had I felt so dismayed. I waited in vain for the shares to regain their former value, but never again was I to experience

45. …

46. … when in

48. … and out popped a

49. … when down came the rain.

50. … but out it popped.

that feeling of sudden fortune. Only after may years of hard work did I realize that money alone does not lead to happiness and success, and, thinking back over this episode in my life, rarely do I wish that I were a man of fortune. 新编英语语法教程 第 40 讲 练习参考答案 Ex. 40A 1. b Ex. 40B 1. i—c—a—j—d—f—e—k—b—g—h—l g—e—c—a—h—d—b—f 3. Ex. 40C(略) Ex. 40D 1. Choose B as the topic sentence. A and C are too general. 2. Choose C as the topic sentence. A does not relate to the supporting sentences. B is not a complete sentence and does not relate to the supporting sentences either. 3. Choose C as the topic sentence. A and B are irrelevant.

2. c

3. b

4. c

5. b 2.


4. l—b—f—h—d—i—e—j—a—g—k—e

4. Choose A as the topic sentence. B is too general; C is not a complete sentence. 5. Choose A as the topic sentence. B is too general and is not a complete sentence. C is too specific. Ex. 40E 1. b-a—e—f—c a—c—e—g—f c—a—d—b—f—h—e Ex. 40F 1. Topic sentence: b sentence: h 4. Topic sentence group: b+d b — d — a— c 2. Topic 3. Topic j+d 5. Topic h—g—b—a—c—f—d—e sentence d—c—b—e—a group: 2. e—b—d—g—a 4. c—d—f—e—a 3. 5.


j—d—f—h—a—c—e—g—i—k—b sentence: d



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