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高中英语语法--冠词讲解与练习


第一章
不定冠词 a【an】 的基本用法

冠词

考点1. 表示【某一】 相当于 a certain , 例如:A Mr. Wang wants to see you. 1. -- Can I speak to Mr. Green ? -- Sorry . There isn’t ______ Mr. Smith here A. / B. a C. the D. an 2. 【 2005 山东 】I know _____ John Lennon , but not _____ famous one . A./ a B. a the C. / the D. the a 3. -John, there is ____ Mr. Wilson on the phone for you. -I’m in the bath. A. / B. a C. the D. one 4. 【2005 湖南】 I can’t remember when exactly the Robinsons left_____ city. I only remember it was _____ Monday . A. The the B. a the C. a a D. the a 答案: 1. B 2. B 3. B 4. D 考点2. a/an 有表示每一个之意 The train is running fifty miles ______. a. an hour b. one hour c. the hour d. a hour 答案: 1. A 考点3. a, an 的选择 用 a 还是用 an, 关键是看该单词音标中第一个音素是元音音素还是辅音音素。 There is __ ―u‖ in the word ―use‖.这里用 a. 在 26 个字母前用 a 的有:b c d g j k p q t u v w y z 用 an 的有:a e i o f l m n s x h r an honest boy an hour an honor ____ ―M‖ ____ ―N‖ ____ ―L‖ 【an】 ____ ugly man 【 an】 ____ university student 【a】 ____ European car 【a】 ____ 800-word-long composition _____ 180-metre-long road 【 an, a】 1. Mr. Taylor has ______ 8-year- old daughter who is _____ girl for painting – she has won two nation prizes . A. a a B. an the C. an a D. the a 2. Susan, ______ university student from Europe, teaches me ______ art in her spare time. A. an; 不填 B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. an; the 3. A little boy wrote____ "U" and___ "n" on the wall. A. a; an B. an; a C. an; an D. a; a 4. _____ old lady in brown is____ university professor. A. An; a B. An; / C. The; an D. The; a 5. ____ computer is ___useful tool in the world today. A. an; the B. a; the C. the; the D. a; a

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6. Now he is ___ artist. I have known him since he was ___ one-year-old boy. A. a; an B. a; a C. an; an D. an; a 7. 【Zhejiang 2004】The Wilsons live in ____ A-shaped house near the coast. It is ____ 17th century cottage. A. the , / B. an, the C. /, the D. an, a 答案: 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. D 6. D 7. D 考点4. help, success, honor, must, 可以指人或物 1. Mr. Smith told us that ______ gold medal his son had got was considered ______ great honor to the whole family. A. the; 不填 B. the; a C. a; a D. a; the 2. Don’t you think it ______ surprise that a German cannot speak ______ German language? A. 不填; the B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. 不填; the 3. The party last night was ___ great success. We sang and danced until it came to ___ end at 12:00. A. a, an B. a, the C. the, an D. /, the 4. 【2007 福建卷】—How about ____ Christmas evening party? —I should say it was ___ success. A. a; a B. The; a C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填 5. 【2007 浙江卷】I like _____ color of your skirt. It is _____ good match for your blouse. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 答案: 1. B 2. B 3. A 4. B 5. C 考点5. 用在一些专有名词和一些本身前面要用定冠词的名词前 1. 【2010 江苏卷 21】 visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that_______ people from all walks of life The are working hard for_____ new Jiangsu. A.不填; a B. 不填;the C. the; a D. the; the 2. 【09 安徽】 We can never expect 21. bluer sky unless we create less polluted world.学 A. a; a B. a; the学 C. the; a D. the; the 答案: 1. A 2. A 定冠词 the 的基本用法 考点1. 特指前面提到的人或事 I bought a computer. The computer cost me $1,ooo. 1. Here is a basket. ___ basket is mine. A. a; The B. the; An. C. a; A D. the; 2. This is ____egg. ____egg is big. A. a; A B. an; An C. a; The D. an; The 3. There is____ bridge over there. ____ bridge is made of wood. A. the; The B. a; A C. the; A D. a; The 答案: 1. A 2. D 3. D 考点2. 指谈话对方能体会到的人或事 1. 【2011 全国卷 II】16. As he reached ______ front door, Jack saw_____ strange sight. A. the;不填 B. a; the C.不填;a D. the; a 2. 【2011 山东卷】 Take your time—it’s just _____ short distance from here to _____ restaurant. A.不填; 21. the B. a; the C. the; a D.不填;a

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3. I knocked over my coffee cup. It went right over ___ keyboard. You shouldn’t put drinks near ___ computer. A. the, / B. the, a C. a, / D. a, a 4. 【08 江西卷’30】 I am so sorry to have come late for the meeting. ----- It is not your fault. With __ rush-hour traffic and __ heavy rain, it is no wonder you were late. A. a; a B. the; the C. /; / D. /; a 5. 【09 陕西】6.What____ pity that you couldn’t be there to receive____ prize! A.a;a B.the;a C.a;the D.the;the 答案: 1. D 2. B 3. B 4. B 5. C 考点3. 指世上独一无二的事. the sun, the moon, the world, the universe, etc. 1. We can see ___ sun and ___ moon in___ picture. A. a; the; the B. the; a; the C. a; the; a D. the; the; the 2. It's ____ pleasure to see ____ sun rising in ____ east. A. /; the; / B. a; /; / C. a; the; the D. /; the; the 答案: 1. D 2. C 考点4. 与序数词和最高级连用. 1. 【NMET1999 】Paper money was in ____use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in _____thirteenth century. A. the; 不填; B. the; the C. 不填; the D. 不填; 不填 2. He is a student of____. A. class First B. the class one C. Class One D. First Class 3. We were so late getting to the theatre that we missed most of ____ . A. the act first B. Act One C. act first D. first act 4. 【2011 陕西卷】13.As is know to all, _____People’s Republic of China is _____ biggest developing country in the world. A. the ;不填 B. 不填 ;the C. the ;the D. 不填;不填 5. He lived in____. A. the room 105 B. the 105 room C. the 105 of the room D. Room 105 答案: 1. C 2. C 3. B 4. C 5. D 考点5. 表示乐器类名词前用定冠词 Play 后跟的球类棋类名词前不用定冠词, 乐器类名称前要用定冠词 1. ——Tina,could you please play____ piano for me while I’m singing? ——With pleasure. A .a B. an C. the D. / 2. He can play almost every kind of music instrument but he is good ______. a. at the flute b. at flute c. at a flute d. at that flute 答案: 1. C 2. A 考点6. the + 比较级 用于两者(参看 P 错误!未定义书签。错误!未找到引用源。) the taller of the two soldiers 考点7. 与形容词或分词连用, 指一类人. the poor the rich the old Chinese the Japanese

the young

the wounded the uneducated the injured

the

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1. He wrote ______ song, which turned out to be rather popular with ______ young. A. the; the B. a; 不填 C. a; the D. the; 不填 2. The investigators found that more should be done for ______ in India. a. those poor b. a poor c. poor d. the poor 3. The young nurse is kind to ____ ill in the hospital. A. a B. an C. / D. the 答案: 考点8. 与姓氏复数名词连用, 表示某某一家人,或某某夫妇 The Whites are chatting. 怀特一家人正在聊天. 1. _____ usually go to church every Sunday. a. The Brown b. A Brown c. Browns d. The Browns 2. 【Shanghai 1998】—Who did you spend last weekend with? —_____. A. Palmer’s B. The Palmers’ C. The Palmers D. The Palmer’s 考点9.

1.

C

2.

D

3.

D

答案:

1.

D

2.

C

沙漠河流与群山,列岛海峡与海湾。 阶级党派国家名,组织团体与机关。 注:the 与山脉名词: 在表示山, 或山峰的名词前一般不用冠词, 如 Mount Tai .但是在山脉的复数之前需要加 the. 如: the Alps 【阿尔卑斯山】 the United Nations the United States the People’s Republic China=China the Alps the Pacific Ocean the Changjang River 江河海洋 the Changjiang River, the Suez Canal, the pacific Ocean 山脉群岛 the Tianshan Mountains, the Alps, the Zhoushan Archipelago 海峡海湾 the English Channel, the Taiwan Straits 此外,由两个以上的普通名词组成的专有名称,一般都要用定冠词,以表示它们是特定的名称。例如: 国名:the United States, the United Kingdom, the People's Republic of China 组织:the United Nations, the Ministry of Education, the No.2 Army Medical College 建筑物:the National Gallery, the Peace Hotel, the Worker's Gymnasium 报纸、期刊:The Washington Post, the Daily Mail 条约、会议:the Atlantic Pact, the Geneva Agrement 标牌:the No. 10 bus 1. They sailed along ____ Yellow River for two weeks before they arrived ___ home. A. /; / B. the; / C. the; the D. /; the 2. The ship is sailing on____ Pacific Ocean A. a B. the C. / D. that 3. 【2011 陕西卷】13.As is know to all, _____People’s Republic of China is _____ biggest developing country in the world. A. the ;不填 B. 不填 ;the C. the ;the D. 不填;不填 4. 【Jiangshu 2005】On May 5, 2005, at______ World Table Tennis Championship, Kong Linghui and Wang Hao won the gold medal in men's doubles with ________ score of 4: 1. A. a; a B. 不填; the C. a; 不填 D. the; a 5. From the top of ______ Empire State Building, you could see up to ______ distance of 130 kilometers on a clear day. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. an; the D. the; a 答案: 1. B 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. D 考点10. 用在年代、朝代、时代名词前。

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the Tang dynasty, the Spring and Autumn Period, in the 1870’s 在 19 世纪 70 年代 1. Scientists hope to send an expedition to Mars during ______. a. the 1990s b. the 1990 c. 1990s d. 1990’s 答案: 考点11. 用在 by + the+名词结构, 表示 “ 以…..计” The apples are sold by the kilo. 这些苹果按公斤卖 The workers are paid by the hour. 这些工人的工资是按小时计算的. 1. Apples are usually sold by ______weight, and eggs are sometimes sold by ______ dozen. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. 不填; the D. the; a 2. .―How did you pay the workers?‖ ―As a rule, they are paid ______.‖ a. by an your b. by the hour c. by a hour d. by hours 3. 【2011 江西卷】22. ---- It’s said John will be in a job paying over $60,000 ______ year. ---- Right, he will also get paid by ______ week. A. the; the B. a; the C. the; a D. a; a 答案: 1. 考点12. 【hit/ strike/pull/seize/lead/catch】 + sb. + by + the + 部位 The stone hit him in the face. 那块石头打在了他脸上. I hit Tom on the nose/shoulder/head. He struck the thief in the eyes/face. 【pull/seize/lead/catch】 + sb. + by + the + 部位 She led the cow by the nose. I seized her by the hand/hair. 1. He grabbed me ______ and pulled me onto the bus. a. a arm b. an arm c. the arm d. by the arm 2. I didn’t know why he looked angry when I patted him ______. a. on the head b. on head c. on a head d. on his head 3. A bullet hit the soldier and he was wounded in _____ leg. A. a B. one C. the D. his 4. 【08 浙江卷’02】 ____ apple fell from the tree and hit him on ______ head. A. An; the B. The; the C. An; 不填 D. The; 不填 答案: 1. 考点13. the stage, the theatre 可以指舞台表演艺术等 1. A

C

2.

B

3

B

D

2.

A

3.

C

4.

A

1. For him ___ stage is just ___ means of making a life. A. a, a B. the, a C. the, the D. a, the
答案: 考点14. 表示方向的词前面用 the, on the left, in the south 1. .The DMZ extends about two hundred kilometers ______. a. from east to west b. from the east to west c. from the east to the west d. from eastern to western 答案: 不用冠词的情况 1. C 1. B

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考点1. 季节, 月份, 星期, 节日, 假日前一般不加冠词. 1】 Children’s Day falls on June 1. 六月一日是儿童节. 2】 Spring comes after Winter. 冬季过后是春季. 但 the Mid-Autumn Festival , the Spring Festival 前要用冠词【中国节日】 注: 如果月份或季节等词被一个限定性定语修饰时, 就要加冠词. 如: He left the city in the autumn of 2001. 他是在 2 001 年的秋天离开那座城市的. The children all had a good time on____ Children's Day. A. the , B. their C. a D. / 答案: 1. D 考点2. 学科名称, 球类, 棋类名词前不加冠词 Do you study mathematics? 你学数学吗? He likes playing football/chess. 注意, 弹奏乐器要用 the. Eg. He is playing the piano /the guitar. 1. He likes playing___ piano, he doesn't like playing____ football. A. the; the B. the; / C. /; the D. /; / 2. She is _____ newcomer to _____ chemistry, but she has already made some important discoveries. A. the; the B. the; / C. a; / D. a; the 答案: 1. B 2. C 考点3. 在与 by 连用的交通工具名称前不用冠词. by car by bus by bike by train by air by sea by land 1. 【2005 全国】 If you go to by _____ train , you can have quite a comfortable journey , but make sure you get ____ fast one . A. the the B. / a C . the a D. / / 2. Mr. Black will go back to England______. A .by air B .by a plane C. by trains D. at a train 3. Marco Polo and his father traveled by___. A. a ship B. ships C. ship D. the ship 4. 【08 江苏卷’ 21】 We went right round to the west coast by ____ sea instead of driving across ____ continent. A. the; the B.不填;the C. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填 答案: 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. B 考点4. 称呼语或表示头衔, 职务的名词作表语, 补语或同位语时, 一般不加冠词. We elected him president of our university Lincoln was elected President of the USA The Vice-president was murdered. 1. He was elected ____ president of the USA. A. / B. One C. A D. The 2. Jorge Bush, ____ president to the USA, is visiting China. A. / B. One C. A D. The 3. Under no circumstances will there be wage control while I am ______ of the government. a. the head b. a head c. head d. that head 4. Mary became ___monitor of our class. A. a B. an C. / D. the 5. 【2011 四川卷】 Dr. Peter Spence, _____headmaster of the school, told us, ― _____fifth of pupils here go on 18. to study at Oxford and Cambridge. ‖ A. 不填;A B. 不填;The C. the; The D. a; A

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答案: 1. A 2. 考点5. as 引导的让步状语从句中, 作表语的名词不带冠词. Child as she is, she knows a lot of things. 尽管她很小, 但懂得许多事情. Shortest as he is, he runs faster than any other boy in his class. 1. ____ child as he is , he knows a lot. A. / B. the C. a D. one 2. ______,you can’t fool her. a. The child though Rowena is b. Though child Rowena is c. As child Rowena is d. Child as Rowena is 考点6. 在单数名词+after+同一单数名词【表示一个接一个】的结构中, 单数可数名词前不加冠词. She did experiment after experiment. 她做了一个又一个实验 1. The farmers went on working, ____. A. hours after hours B. a hour after a hour C. an hour after an hour D. hour after hour 2. The students went out of the room___. A. one by two B. one by one C. two by another D. one by the other

A

3.

C

4.

C

5.

A

答案:

1.

A

2.

D

答案:

1.

D

2.

B

考点7. man 意为人类, word 意为 消息时, 其前不用冠词. 1. _____ word comes that China has won the FIFA World cup. A. / B. One C. A D. The 2. He left ______ with my secretary that he would call again in the afternoon. He said he would keep ______. A. words; his words B. word; his word C. word; word D. the word; his words 3. Swimming is____ in summer. A. a great fun B. great fun C. great funs D. great a fun 4. While he was investigating ways to improve the telescope, Newton made ___ discovery which completely changed _____ man’s understanding of color. A. a; / B. a; the C. /; the D. the; a 5. _____ nice weather it is! Let’s go out for a walk, shall we? A. How B. How a C. What a D. What 6. Young as she is, Jane has gained ___ rich experience in ___ society. A. /, / B. a, / C. the, the D. /, the 7. 【NMET96】Many people agree that ___knowledge of English is a must in _____international trade. A. a; 不填; B. the; an C. the; the D. 不填; the 8. 【 2010 辽宁卷 22】 There are over 58, 000 rocky objects in _______ space, about 900 of which could fall down onto _______ earth. A. the; the B. 不填; the C. the; 不填 D. a; the 答案: 1. A 2. B 3. B 4. A 5. D 6. A 7. A 8 B

考点8. turn 后跟名词表示成为时名词前不用冠词。 He wanted to turn teacher when he was a boy. 1. His dream was to turn ____ doctor. A. / B. the C. a D. one

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答案: 考点9. 街道、广场、公园、车站机场、桥梁、大学等一般不用定冠词。例如: 街道:Nanjing Road, Fleet Street 广场:Tiananmen Square, Times Square 公园:Beihai Park, Hyde Park 车站机场桥梁:Paddington Station, Kennedy Aireport, Golden Gate Bridge 大学:Qinghua University, Yale University 考点10. 表示疾病的名词前一般不用冠词

1.

A

1. According to __ review of 44 students American researchers found that men and women who ate six key foods daily cut the risk of ___ heart disease by 76%. A. a, the B. the, a C. a, / D. /, a 答案: 1. C 其它 考点1. 有定冠词与无定冠词的区别 sit at table 吃饭 sit at the table 在桌旁 be in charge of 负责… be in the charge of 由…负责 take place 发生 take the place of 代替 in possession of 拥有 in the possession of 为…所有 It is out of question. 那是毫无疑问的 It is out of the question. 那是根本不可能的 on the whole 大体上; 一般地 as a whole 全班地; 整体的 a most important meeting 一个很重要的会议 the most important meeting 最重要的会议 a third time 又一次 the third time 第三次 at a distance 稍远些 in the distance 在远处 a number of 许多 the number of ….的数目 for a moment 一会儿 for the moment 目前; 暂时 in hospital 住院 in the hospital 在医院里 go to school /church 上学/做礼拜 go to the school /church 到学校/教堂去 on earth 究竟 on the earth 在地球上 in front of 在…(外部的)前面 in the front of 在…(内部的)前面 two of us 我们当中的两人 the two of us 我们两人[ 共计两人] 1. This book tells _______ life story of John Smith, who left _____ school and worked for a newspaper at the age of16 . A. The ; the B. a ; the C. the ; / D. a ; / 2. 【2004 年天津】When he left ____ college, he got a job as ____ reporter in a newspaper office. A. /; a B. /; the C. a; the D. the; the 3. Jack couldn’t remember the exact date of the earthquake, but he knew it was ______ Saturday because everybody was at ______ church. A. 不填; the B. a; 不填 C. 不填; a D. the; 不填 4. My mother asked me to repeat ______ telephone number ______ second time so that she could write it down. A. the; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; the 5. Contrary to what I had expected, he lost for ______.

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a. second time b. a second time c. second times d. the second time 6. --- What new subject are you going to have in ______ second grade? --- I’m going to learn ______ second foreign language. A. a; the B. the; a C. the; 不填 D. 不填; a 7. 【2010 北京卷 35】First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get __ second chance to make __ first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a 8. ——What’s the matter with you? ——I caught____ bad cold and had to stay in____ bed. A. a; / B. a; the C. a; a D. the; the 9. When Linda was a child, her mother always let her have ______ bed. a. the breakfast in b. the breakfast in the c. breakfast in d. breakfast in the 10. Their victory is ______,for they’ve lost too many men. a. out of question b. out of the question c. out question d. of question 11. Most of the representatives think that ______ the meeting was very successful. a. on whole of b. on a whole c. on the whole d. on the whole that 12. We often play football in___ of the school building. A. a front B. fronts C. front D. the front 13. 【2010 山东卷 22】 If we sit near _______ front of the bus, we’ll have _______ better view. A. 不填;the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. the;the 14. Shall we go to see our teacher? She is ill . A. in a hospital B. in the hospital C. in hospital D. in hospitals 15. He stole the money and they put him____. A. in prison B. to prison C. at the prison D. in the prison 16. She went to ____ town on ____ foot. A. the; a B. /; / C. /; the D. the; the 17. He is in ___ control of the company. I mean the company is in __ control of him. A. the; / B. /; / C. /; the D. the; the 18. 【NMET 2002】Jumping out of ____airplane at ten thousand feet is quite ____experience. the B. 不填;; an C. an; an D. the; the 19. I waited until James and Johnson came. Then ____ began to study a map. A. all of them B. the three of us C. three of us D. both of us 答案:
1. 11 C C 2. 12 A C 3. 13 B C 4. 14 A C 5. 15 B A 6. 16 B B 7. 17 C C 8. 18 A C 9. 19 D B 10 B

考点2. 不可数名词泛指时前面不用冠词,特指时用定冠词 Water is a liquid.水是液体。 Music is an art. 音乐是艺术。 I love nature. 我喜欢大自然。 The water in the bottle goes bad. The food today is so delicious. 1. Money plays an important role in ______ material world. But expecting ______ money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life. A. a; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填; 不填 D. the; the 2. Since he has no sense of ______ humor, I’m sure he didn’t catch ______ humor in your remarks. A. 不 填; the B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. the; a

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3. The city assigned a policeman to the school crossing because ______ traffic there was so heavy. a. a b. an c. the d. one 4. It is known to all that ___ light travels faster than ___ sound. A. /; / B. a; a C. the; the D. the; / 5. ____water is necessary in ____ people's everyday life. A. /; / B. The; / C. The; the D. /; the 6. I know you don’t like ___ music very much. But what do you think of ___ music in the film we saw yesterday? A. /; / B. The; / C. The; the D. /; the 7. 【2010 福建卷 21】 It’s good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai world expo that gives them pleasure A.不填,a B. a,不填 C. the ,a D. a, the 8. 【2010 浙江卷 2】 Many lifestyle patterns do such __ great harm to health that they actually speed up __weakening of the human body. A. a; / B. /; the C. a; the D. /; / 答案: 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. A 6. D 7 B 8 B 考点3. 可数名词表示泛指时,有三种情况 A horse is a domestic animal.= The horse is a domestic animal. = Horses are domestic animals. 但是这三种类指方法各有侧重: 【1】 the 指的是整个类别,这个类别是可以区别于另一个类别的。如: The compass was invented in China, but the computer was not. 罗盘是在中国发明的,但计算机不是。 【2】 a(n )侧重于指类别中任何一个的特点。如: A tiger is a type of very large fierce wild cat that has yellow fur with black bands across. 老虎是个子很大而凶猛的野猫类动物,毛黄色,有黑色斑纹。 【3】不用冠词的复数名词侧重指类别中的许多个体。如: Children usually start walking at around one year old. 小孩儿一般一岁左右开始走路。 Do you like horses? 你喜欢马吗?(不能说 Do you like a horse?) 【4】在类指时如何使用冠词要根据所要表达内容的具体情况而定。 The tiger is in danger of becoming extinct. 虎有灭绝的危险。 (不能说 A tiger is in danger of becoming extinct.濒临灭绝指的是整个虎类, 而不是任何一只老虎都面临灭绝的危险) 1. It is often said that _____ teachers have _____ very simple life . A. / , / B. / , a C. the , / D. the , a 2. In China, ____ car is becoming ____ popular means of transportation. A. the; a B. a; / C. the; the D. a; the 3. -Who invented ____ computer? -I don’t know. A. a B. the C. / D. one 4. ______ are very popular with people all over the world, but do you know who was it that invented ______ telephone? A. The telephone; 不填 B. Telephone; a C. The telephones; the D. Telephones; the 5. ______ is known by its note,______ is known by his talk.

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a. A bird/a man b. One bird/one man c. The bird/the man d. Bird/man 6. ____ trains are faster than ____ buses. A. /; / B. The; / C. /; the D. The; a 7. The invention of _____ wheel is a great contribution to _____ man. A. the; / B. / ; / C. a; the D. / ; the 8. -- Will __ sofa do? -- Sure. But if you haven’t, ____ chair is OK. A. the, a B. a, the C. a, a D. /, / 9. 【NMET2000】 Most animals have little connection with ____animals of ___different kind unless they kill them for food. A. the; a B. 不填; a C. the; the D. 不填; the 10. 【Beijing 2004 春】On_____ news today, there were _____ reports of heavy snow in that area. A. the; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填; 不填 D. 不填; the 11. 【08 重庆卷’ 27】In many places in China, ___bicycle is still ____ poplar means of transportation. A. a; the B. /; a C. the; a D. the; the 12. 【08 湖南卷’22】Have you heard ______ news?The price of _______ petrol is going up again! A. the, the B. 不填,the C. the, 不填 D. 不填,不填 13. 【09 北京】 The biggest whale is ___ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of ___ 33. 9-story building. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a 14. 【2011全国卷I】 33. It is generally accepted that _____ boy must learn to stand up and fight like____ man. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; 不填 15. 【2011浙江卷】2. Experts think that ______recently discovered painting may be ______ Picasso. A. the ;不 填 B. a ;the C. a; 不填 D. the; a 答案:
1. 11 B C 2. 12 A C 3. 13 B D 4. 14 D A 5. 15 A D 6. A 7. A 8. C 9. B 10 D

考点4. 两个名词表示同一个事物时只在前一个用冠词。 (参看 P 错误!未定义书签。错误!未找到引用源。 ) A writer and singer is present at the meeting. a knife and fork a watch and chain 1. ―What is Todger?‖ ―He is ______.‖ a. a poet and novelist b. a poet and a novelist c. poet and novelist d. the poet and novelist 2. Would you like __ knife and fork, or would you rather use __ chopsticks? A. the, the B. a, / C. /, / D. /, the 答案: 考点5. 一日三餐,季节,星期前不加冠词, 如果前面有一个修饰性的词时可用 a 【an】 have breakfast have a light/big/heavy breakfast On Sunday on a Sunday of May Have you had breakfast? 你吃过早饭了吗? I had a wonderful dinner. 我吃了一顿丰富的晚餐. 1. A 2. B

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1. I go to work very early. I don’t usually have ______ breakfast, but I always eat ______ good supper. A. 不填; a B. 不填; 不填 C. the; 不填 D. 不填; the 2. I want an assistant with ______ knowledge of French and ______ experience of office routine. a. the…the b. a…the c. a…an d. the…an 3. After ____ quick breakfast I hurried to ____ school. A. /; / B. a; / C. the; the D. the; / 4. I came here in____ autumn of 1982. A. one B. a C. an D. the 答案: 1. A 2. C 3. B 4. D 考点6. a, an 的特殊位置 Lq is as noble-minded a man as LF. He is so kind a boy that everyone likes him. This is too difficult a problem. How lucky a man he is! He is not that good a man. many a student = a lot of students 1. _____ box cannot be lifted by a boy of five. A. So a heavy B. So heavy a C. A such heavy D. Such heavy a 2. It is generally believed that teaching is ____ it is a science. A. an art much as B. much an art as C. as an art much as D. as much an art as 3. -Have you learned German? -Yes. It's ___ language I've ever learned. A. a quite difficult B: quite a difficult C. difficult quite D. difficult a quite 4. I’m afraid I’ll turn to Prof. Timlingson. It is . A. too difficult a problem B. a too difficult problem C. so difficult problem D. a so difficult problem 答案: 1. B 2. D 3. B 4. A 考点7. a 用于比较级时表示最高级的意思(参看 P 错误!未定义书签。错误!未找到引用源。) 1. 【2006 全国】 Your story is perfect; I’ve never heard ___ before. A. the better one B. the best one C. a better one D. a good one 2. -Did you enjoy yourself at the party? -Yes. I’ve never been to______ one before. A. a more excited B. the most excited C. a more exciting D. the most exciting 3. .——This is____ film I’ve told you about several times. ——It’s great. I’ve never seen ___ more moving one. A. a, a B. the, the C. the, a D. a, the 答案: 1. C 2. C 3. C 考点8. 用在某些物质名词或抽象名词前表示“一种、一类、一份、一场、一阵” 如:That’s a green tea. 那是一种绿茶。 They were caught in a heavy rain. 他们淋了一场大雨。 It’s a great pleasure to have a talk with you.

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1. --- What would you like, sir? --- ______. A. Two cups coffee B. Two cups of coffees C. Two coffees D. Two cup of coffees 答案: 1. C 考点9. 一些短语中 1. --- Hey, Mr. Smith, you are wanted on ______ phone. --- Who is calling? --- ______Mr. Green. I don’t know who he is. A. 不填; A B. the; 不填 C. the; A D. 不填;不填 2. --- Did you happen to see ______ black and ______ white cat? --- Are they missing? I told you to take care of them. A. the; the B. the; 不填 C. a; 不填 D. a; the 3. He enjoys life ______ the ―Queen Anne‖. a. on a board b . on board c. in the board d. board 4. He never fails to give you ______ when you are in trouble. a. his helping hands b. the helping hand c. helping hands d. a helping hand 5. What ______ are you planning to buy? a. make(型号) of car b. make of the car c. make of a car d. make of cars 6. I usually go out for ___ walk after____ tea; A: a; / B. /; the C. a; a D. the; a 7. _____ on-going division between English-speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is _____ major concern of the country. A. The; / B. The; a C. An; the D. An; / 8. Mrs. Taylor has _____ 8-year-old daughter who has _____ gift for painting-she has won two national prizes. A. a ; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; a 9. --Would you mind giving your advice on how to improve our business management? --If you made ___ most of the equipment, there would be ___ rise in production. A. /, / B. the, a C. the, the D. the, / 10. Her daughter was so lovely ___ little girl that everybody in the street would smile at her at ____ first sight. A. the, a B. a, / C. the, the D. /, the 11. The moment you step on ___ board the ship to the USA, you must have an opened mind towards ___ new environment you face. A. a, the B. a, / C. the, the D. /, the 12. 【08 山东卷’ 21】Students should be encouraged to use ______ Internet as ______ resource. A. 不填;a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. the; a 13. 【2007 江西卷】Many people have come to realize that they should go on __ balanced diet and make ____ room in their day for exercise. A. a;/ B. the; a C. the; the D./;a 14. 【09 全国 I】 Let's go to 22. cinema that'll take your mind off the problem for while. A. the; the B. the; a C. a; the D. a; a 答案:
1. 11 C D 2. 12 A D 3. 13 B A 4. 14 D B 5. A 6. A 7. B 8. C 9. B 10 B

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