Unit 2 English around the world Period 1 Warming Up& Pre-reading Teaching aims: To make Ss to get to know some differences between British English and American English. Important and difficult points: To tell and grasp the differences between British English and American English. Teaching procedures: TO arouse the students’ interest and lead in the topic, the teacher can organize some activities. Step1: T： We have learned something about friendship in unit 1. Do you know what problems they will meet if a British boy wants to make friend with an American boy? Step2. Let Ss discuss how many countries use English as their official language and which countries.(教师可通过 PPT 的形式，借助以英语为官方语言的国家国旗和世界地图来辅助完 成) And do you know that there is more than one kind of English? Ss may list America, Britain, Canada, Australia……Teacher writes “American English, British English, Canadian English, and Australian English…… T: Are the Englishes talked around the world all the same? （先让学生自由讨论，然后老师播放 一段来自不同国家的母语为英语的外国人的视频） Step3. Get the Ss to discuss in groups about the differences between American English and British English, and give some examples. a. Can you understand the different kinds of English these people are using? Speaker1: Let’s go to the pictures? Speaker2: Ok. But how shall we go to the movies? Speaker1: Why not go by underground? Speaker2: Er, but the subway station is far away. When you hear two native speakers of English, they may still not speak the same kind of English. Situation discussion Jack is a British boy. He went to America for a trip in this summer vacation. The first day he went to a restaurant and looked around for a toilet. When he asked the waitress, she told him it is on the second floor. Jack went up two floors only to find empty rooms. Where is the toilet? Look at the chat below now British English the ground floor the first floor the second floor the third floor American English the first floor the second floor the third floor the forth floor
B Speaker1: Can you tell me how to spell the word “neighbor”? Speaker2: N-E-I-G-H-B-O-U-R, neighbour. Summary: Main differences Spelling, pronunciation and vocabulary Period 2
Reading and Comprehending Teaching aims: 1、 To get students to have a general view about the historical development of English. 2、 To get students to know different kinds of English around the world, especially the differences between British English and American English. 3、 To improve the students’ reading ability. Important points： 1、 How to improve the students’ reading ability. 2、 How to make students enlarge their knowledge on English through reading. Difficult points: 1、 To be able to get the main idea from the text. 2、 To be able to use the different reading strategies for different purposes. 3、 Expressing one’s ideas why one should learn English. Teaching procedures: Step1: Lead-in 1. Why should we learn English? Why should we learn English? to listen to English music and movies to use in school to talk to native speakers to write to pen friends to read English books. Step2 Skimming Read quickly to get the main idea of the text. 1. The text mainly tells us ___________. A. that old English is different from the English today B. how Middle English formed C. English and its history D. that English will keep changing 2. The text is developed mainly by ____. A. place B. time C. people Step3 Scanning Make a timeline of the development of English and find out why English changed over time. Time Events At the end of the 16th century About five to seven million people spoke English and nearly all of them lived in 1.________.
Between AD 450 and 1150 Between about AD 800 and 1150 In the 1600's In the 18th century From 1765 to 1947 At present In the future
It was 2.________more on German. English became less like 3.________because of the rulers. Shakespeare made use of a wider 4.__________， which caused a big 5.________in English usage. English was taken to 6.________. English became the language for 7.________and 8.________in India. China has the largest number of English 9.________. Chinese English may develop its own 10.________.
【答案】 1.England 2.based 3.German
5．change 6.Australia 7.government 8.education 9.learners 10.identity Step4 Discussion Work in groups. Discuss the following question and then ask two groups to report their answers to the class. 1. Why do you think more people in the world now want to learn Chinese? Period 3 Language points Teaching aims: To make Ss to know the meanings of the important words and phrases and master their usages. Important and difficult points：To master the important words and phrases. Teaching procedures: 1、 the road to modern English 常与 to 连用的名词：key, answer, entrance, monument…… e. g: the key to the bike, the entrance exam to college There stands a Monument to the People’s Heroes on the hill. 2、 Do you know that there is more than one kind of English？(P9)你知道英语不止一种吗？ more than 的用法 (1)more than 用在数字前，意为“比…..多；超过……” 意为“不止一个”（含义为复数， 但谓语动词用单数） 。 More than one question was raised at the meeting. 不止一个问题在会上被提出。 (2)more than 用在名词前， 表示程度或加强语气， 意为“不仅仅， 不只是”， 相当于 not only。 He is more than a friend to me. He is my English teacher. 他不仅仅是我的朋友，他还是我的英语老师。 (3)more than + adj./adv. 意为“很……；非常……”。
I’m more than glad to help you. 我非常乐意帮助你。 3、Later in the next century，people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that，English began to be spoken in many other countries.(P9) 在下一世纪晚期，英国人远洋去征服世界其他地区，正因为如此，其他许多国家开始说 英语。 (1) voyage n. 航行，航海 A sea voyage is a healthy way to travel. 航行是一种有益于健康的旅行方式。 拓展：make/take a voyage 进行航行 be on a voyage to 正往……航行 go on a voyage 去航行 e. g I'm looking forward to going on a voyage. 我期待着去航海。 (2) because of 因为、由于 Because of his long illness，he is backward in his studies.因为长时间生病，他的功课落后 了。 【提示】 because of 和 because 都表示原因，但是 because of 是介词短语，后面接名词或 代词等作宾语；而 because 是从属连词，引导原因状语从句。 He was late because of the heavy rain. 因为大雨，他迟到了。 The sports meeting had to be put off because it rained. 因为下雨，运动会不得不被推迟。 4、 I’d like to come up to your apartment. (P10) come up 走进；上来；提出；破土而出 Come up to the fire, and you will feel warm. 到火炉边来，你就会觉得暖和。 It is certain that the question will come up at the meeting. 这个问题在会议上一定会被提出来。 注意：come up 被提及，被讨论，其主语是被提出的内容，无被动语态。 come up with 的主语是提出者，宾语是被提出的内容。 拓展短语： come across 邂逅，偶遇 come about 发生 come from 来自 come out 出版，开花，结果是 come up with 提出 come on 快点儿，加油 5、 Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. 事实上，当不同文化互相渗透时，所有语言都会有所变化，有所发展。 actually adv. 实际上，事实上，相当于 in fact, as a matter of fact Actually there is no need to do that. 实际上没有必要那样做。 6、 It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.(P10)当时的英语更多是
以德语为基础，而我们今天说的英语不是。 （1）be based on……根据，以……为基础 The story is based on the fact. 故事是以事实为基础的。 （2）at present 现在，目前，相当于 now I am afraid I can’t help you at present. 恐怕现在我没办法帮助你。 拓展：①present adj.目前的，出席的，在场的 be present at 出席…… ②present n．礼物(＝gift) ③present v．把……交给；提出；赠送 present sth. to sb./present sb. with sth.把某物交给/赠予某人 ④for the present 目前，暂时 7、So by the 1600's Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. (P10)所以到 17 世纪，莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都大。 make use of 为固定短语，意为“利用”，在名词 use 之前可以加上形容词，表示不同程度的 利用。 We must make good use of out time and money. 我们必须好好利用我们的时间和金钱。 make good use of 拓展： make the best of
? ? 充分利用 make full use of ? ? make the most of ?
8、For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers…(P10)例如，印度拥有 许多讲英语很流利的人… a number of 许多，大量，后接可数名词复数。 A large number of students have passed the exam. 许多学生通过了考试。 辨析：a number of , the number of a number of the number of 后加可数名词复数，做主语时，谓语动词用 复数，意为“许多，大量”。 后加可数名词复数，做主语时，谓语动词用 单数，意为“……的数量”。
A large number of students have passed the exam and the number of them is 40. 许多学生通过了考试，数量为 40 人。 9、The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.(P10)后者体现了美国英语拼 写的不同特色。 latter adj.较后的；后半的；(两者中)后者的 I hold with the latter viewpoint.我赞同后一种观点。 拓展：①late adj.& adv.迟(的)，晚(的) later adj.后期的，较后的 adv.后来，较晚地 latest adj.最新的，最近的 lately adv.(＝recently)最近，近来
活学活用： 选词填空：late，later，latest，latter，lately ①Have you heard the ________news? ②We were ________for the theatre and missed the first act. ③________she went to college and became a teacher. ④I prefer the ________picture to the former. ⑤We haven't heard from him ________. 【答案】 ①latest ②late ③Later ④latter ⑤lately 10、English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa.(P10) 在新加坡、马来西亚和非洲的一些国家，比如南非也说英语。 such as 例如……，像这种的 He bought a lot of fruit such as apples and bananas.. 他买了许多水果，如苹果、香蕉等等。 辨析：such as, for example, namely/that is such as 用于列举事物时放在所列举事物与前面名词 之间，且其后不用逗号，直接接所列举的事 物。它所列举的事物数量不能等同于前面所 提到的事物的总和。 主要用于举例说明，前后多用逗号将其与句 子隔开。其位置比较灵活，可位于句首、句 中或句末， 而 such as 只能位于所列举的事物 之前。 意为“即”，列举出全部。
He knows four languages, such as Chinese, English and French. 他会四门语言，例如汉语、英 语和法语。 For example, I have problems with spelling. 举例来说，我在拼写方面有问题。 He knows four languages, namely Chinese, English, French and Japanese. 他会四门语言，即汉语、英语、法语和日语。 活学活用： 选词填空：that is，such as，for example ①I have three good friends，________，John，Jack and Tom. ②They planted flowers ________roses in the garden. ③Many countries，________，Mexico，have a lot of earthquakes. 【答案】 ①that is ②such as ③for example