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2016版高考英语二轮复习 专题四语法填空和短文改错第三讲八专题针对训练


[专项训练] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015· 山师大附中一模改编)His favorite food is fried snacks and soft drinks.It is no surprise ____________losing weight is just his dream. 解析:句意:他最喜欢的食物是油炸类小吃和饮料。毫不奇怪减肥只是他的梦想。it 是 形式主语,真正的主语是 that 引导的主语从句。从句中结构及句意完整,故用 that 引导。 答案:that 2.(2015· 江西四校联考改编)_____________he misunderstood my position on the question is obvious from his remarks. 解析:根据句式结构可知_________he misunderstood my position on the question 为主语 从句,从句中结构及句意完整,故用 that 引导。 答案:That 3.(2016· 安徽铜陵五中月考改编)Now my hometown is not at all ____________a traveler who visited it ten years ago can expect. 解析:句意:现在我的家乡根本不是十年前来参观的游客可以想象的样子了。设空处引 导表语从句,且在从句中作 expect 的宾语,故填 what。 答案:what 4.(2015· 湖南岳阳一中检测改编)Mr.White is opposed to repairing the old building,and that’s ____________ I don’t agree. 解析:句意:怀特先生反对维修那座旧建筑,而这正是我不同意的地方。设空处引导表 语从句,从句中 agree 是不及物动词,后不能直接接宾语,故填 where 在从句中作状语。 答案:where 5. Whenever a natural disaster happens, we should offer_____________help we could give to those victims. 解析: 句意: 当自然灾害发生时, 我们应该提供任何可能的帮助给那些受害者。 ________ help we could give 为宾语从句, 设空处作定语修饰名词 help, 根据句意可知, 设空处表示“无 论什么”故填 whatever。 答案:whatever 6 . The new boy looked at the teacher for a few seconds and all the other students wondered____________the boy would do. 解析:句意:新来的男生看了老师几秒钟,所有其他学生都想知道这个男生会做什么。 设空处引导宾语从句,并在从句中作宾语,故填 what。 答案:what 7. In my opinion, _____________matters is whether we can win together as a team instead of individuals. 解析:句意:在我看来,重要的是我们是否能够作为一个团队而不是个人获胜。设空处 引导主语从句,并在从句中作主语,故填 what。 答案:what 8.—How do you think I can make up with Tony? —Put aside ____________you disagree and try to find ____________you have in common. 解析: 句意: ——你认为我怎么能够和托尼和好?——搁置你们有异议的地方并努力找
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到你们的共同点。第一空引导宾语从句,引导词在从句中作地点状语,故填 where;第二空 引导宾语从句,引导词在从句中作宾语,故填 what。 答案:where;what 9. She has received an offer from Berkeley, but I don’ t know ____________she will accept it. 解析:句意:她收到了伯克利大学的录取通知,但我不知道她是否会接受。设空处引导 宾语从句,且从句中不缺少成分,根据句意故填 whether/if,意为“是否”。 答案:whether/if 10.—The manager finally agreed to our new marketing proposals. —It never occurred to me ____________you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. 解析:句意:——经理最终同意了我们的新市场营销提案。——我从未想到你能成功地 说服他改变主意。it 是形式主语,真正的主语是设空处引导的主语从句,从句中基本成分完 整,故填 that。 答案:that 11.Sarah hopes to become a friend of ____________shares her interests. 解析:句意:萨拉希望和她有共同兴趣的任何人交朋友。介词 of 后接宾语从句,宾语 从句中缺少主语,根据句意故填 whoever。 答案:whoever 12.The young couple was having an argument about ____________turn it was to do the cooking. 解析:句意:这对夫妇正在争论该轮到谁做饭了。whose 引导名词性从句作介词 about 的宾语,whose 在宾语从句中作定语。 答案:whose 13.The problem is ____________we can improve our reading skills in such a short time. 解析:句意:问题是我们如何能在这么短的时间内提高阅读技巧。 ________ we can improve our reading skills in such a short time 作系动词 is 的表语, 根据逻辑, 可知设空处表示 “方式”,故填 how。 答案:how 14.Mary is a humorous and warmhearted woman and that is _____________she is a most popular person in her community. 解析:句意:玛丽是个既幽默又热心的女人,那就是她在她的社区非常受欢迎的原因。 that is why...意为:那是??的原因。 答案:why 15.I never doubt ____________he is an honest man.What I doubt is ____________he’ll come on time this time. 解析: 句意: 我从未怀疑过他是一个诚实的人。 我所怀疑的是他这次是否会按时来。 doubt 作动词时,用于肯定句中,其后接由 whether/if 引导的宾语从句;用于否定句中,其后接由 that 引导的宾语从句。doubt 后的表语从句常用 whether 引导。 答案:that;whether Ⅱ.单句改错 1.(2015· 高考全国卷Ⅱ· 短文改错)After looking at the toy for some time,he turned around and found where his parents were missing. ________________________________________________________________________
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解析:his parents were missing 为宾语从句,从句中不缺少成分,不能用 where,而要用 that 引导宾语从句,that 也可省略。 答案:where—that 或者去掉 where 2.I hope my advice will be of some help to whomever is interested in learning English. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我希望我的建议对那些对学习英语感兴趣的同学有所帮助。介词 to 后为 宾语从句, 从句中缺主语, 但是 whomever 在从句中只能作宾语, 故把 whomever 改为 whoever。 答案:whomever—whoever 3.—Are you in favour of Tom’s suggestion that we work around the clock to meet the deadline? —No.But that Jimmy suggested to me sounds practical. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——你支持汤姆提出的我们不分昼夜工作到截止日期的建议吗?——不。 我觉得吉米的意见更可行。 后句 Jimmy suggested to me 为主语从句, 从句中缺宾语, 故把 that 改为 what。 答案:第二个 that—what 4. Don’ t take for granted that all those who get good grades in the entrance examination will prove to be most successful. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:take it for granted that...意为“认为??理所当然”,为固定句型,it 为形式宾语, 真正的宾语为 that 引导的从句。 答案:在 take 后加 it 5. I don’ t doubt that you’ ve finished the work, but there is some doubt if your people have obeyed the law,my lord. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:doubt 用作名词,用于肯定句中时,其后的同位语从句应由 whether 引导,不能 用 if 引导。故把 if 改为 whether。 答案:if—whether 6.What David’s classmate wanted to tell him was what great an effort his teacher had made to help him out. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:在题干中, was 之后是表语从句,根据感叹句的句型“how+adj.+ a/an+名词 +主谓”可知,应把 what 改为 how。 答案:第二个 what—how 7.If it is true or not remains a question for the young boy. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:那是不是真的对于这个小男孩来说仍是个问题。根据句中的结构来判断, 此句中含有一个主语从句,表示“是否??” ,且从句置于句首,故应用 Whether。 答案:If—Whether 8.The factory you visited the other day was built in that had been a deserted land. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:前几天你参观的那个工厂建在以前的荒地上。介词 in 后接宾语从句,且 从句中缺少主语,故把 that 改为 what。 答案:that—what
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9.Today impressionist paintings are accepted as the beginning of we call “modern art” . ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:现在,印象派画被认为是“现代艺术”的开端。分析句子结构可知,此处 应用 what 引导宾语从句,what 作 call 的宾语,不能省略。 答案:在 of 后加 what 10.I wonder if or not we should make it clear that we’ve lost this game. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:表示“是否”意义的连接词有 whether 和 if,whether 可以和 or not 连用,而 if 则不可,故把 if 改为 whether。 答案:if—whether 11.The reason why he was late for school was he had to send his sister to hospital. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析: 句意: 他上学迟到的原因是他不得不送姐姐去医院。 本题考查表语从句。 The reason why...is that....“??的原因是??”,that 不可省略。 答案:在 he had 前加 that 12.What was known to them that the boss had broken his promise that he would give them a rise. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:分析句式结构可知 that the boss had broken his promise 为真正的主语从句,that he would give them a rise 为同位语从句,用于对 promise 的具体内容进行说明。本题考查形式 主语,故把 What 改为形式主语 It。 答案:What—It 13.—You know I gave up the job as a waiter and went to the little company. —That’s what you’ve made a mistake.That company isn’t well managed. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——你知道我放弃了当服务生的工作,去了那家小公司。——这就是你做 错的地方。那家公司管理不善。you’ve made a mistake 为表语从句,根据句意可知从句中缺 地点状语,不缺主语或宾语,故把 what 改为 where。 答案:what—where 14.What concerns us greatly is that the workers held up in that area yesterday will be set free. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我们极为关心的事情是昨天被困在那个地方的工人什么时候能获得自由。 系动词 is 后引导的为表语从句,在表语从句中 the workers 为主语,held up in that area yesterday 为过去分词短语作后置定语修饰主语。根据 will be set free 可知主语从句中缺少时 间状语,故把 that 改为 when。 答案:that—when 15.Whoever one of you breaks the window will have to pay for it. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:无论你们当中哪一个打破了窗户都必须赔偿。主句谓语为 will have to pay for it,故其前的从句为主语从句,根据句意可知无论哪一个,故把 whoever 改为 whichever, whichever 修饰 one 作定语。 答案:Whoever—Whichever [高考模拟]
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Ⅰ.语法填空 (2016· 辽宁省五校联考)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单 词的正确形式。 My dad is a “Mr.Mom” .He was 50 years old when I was born.I didn’t know 1.____________ he was at home instead of Mom,but I considered myself very lucky because I was 2.____________ only one who had Dad around among my friends. Dad did so many things for me 3.____________ my elementary school years.He 4.____________ (convince) the school bus driver 5.____________ (pick) me up at our house instead of the usual bus stop six blocks away.He always had my lunch ready for me when I came home. As I got a little 6.____________ (old) and tried to gain my 7.____________ (depend),I wanted to move away from those“childish”signs of his love.But he 8.____________ give up.In high school I was no longer able to go home for lunch,so I began taking my own lunch.Dad would get up a little earlier and make it for me. However,when I left home for college,I missed 9.____________(see) my dad every day after school.At that time I called him a lot.It didn’t matter 10.____________ he said,for I just wanted to hear his voice. 【解题导语】 作者通过叙述父亲对他从小到大无微不至的关心和照顾表达了他对父亲 深深的爱。 1.解析:考查宾语从句。根据语境可知,此处表示“我不知道为什么是爸爸在家而不 是妈妈”。此处表原因,因此用 why 引导从句。 答案:why 2.解析:考查冠词。the only one 意为“唯一的一个”。 答案:the 3.解析:考查介词。根据语境可知,此处表示“在我小学期间”,故用介词 during 或 in。 答案:during/ in 4.解析:考查一般过去时。由全文的时态可知,此处用一般过去时。 答案:convinced 5.解析:考查动词不定式。convince sb.to do sth.“说服某人做某事”。 答案:to pick 6.解析:考查形容词比较级。此处和小时候进行比较,因此用 older。 答案:older 7.解析:考查名词。根据空格前的“my”和语境可知,此处应用名词 independence。 答案:independence 8.解析:考查情态动词。would 表示一种倾向性和习惯性,下文中的“would get up”也 是提示。 答案:wouldn’t 9.解析:考查非谓语动词。miss doing sth.意为“没能做某事”。当“我”离开家去上 大学时, “我”就不能每天放学之后见到父亲了。 答案:seeing 10.解析:考查主语从句。他说什么没有关系,因为“我”仅仅是想听到他的声音。主 语从句中 said 缺少宾语,因此用 what。 答案:what
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Ⅱ.短文改错 (2015· 黑龙江大庆市第二次质检)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修 改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一 个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Tina and I had been good friend for years.We often did things together, so one day Tina didn’ t talk to me and just sat by herself.I don’t know what was wrong.I thought about what I had done and said recent.Was Tina upset because I had done well in the history test than her?No, she was happy that I did well in school.I decided find out what was the matter.I walked over to there Tina was sitting. “Tina, ” I said softly, “Is anything wrong?” He answered sadly, “Yes, my cat died on last night.” I finally knew the reason what she didn’t talk to me and comforted her. 答案: Tina and I had been good friend so for years.We often did things together, one day Tina friends but don’t know what was wrong.I thought about what I didn’t

didn’t talk to me and just sat by herself.I had done and said

recent well .Was Tina upset because I had done in the history test than recently better

∧ her?No,she was happy that I did well in school.I decided to find out what was the matter.I walked over to there He Tina was sitting.“Tina, ” I said softly, “Is anything wrong?” where She what she didn’ t talk why

answered sadly, “Yes, my cat died on last night.” I finally knew the reason to me and comforted her.

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