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2014届高考英语一轮复习 Unit 3 A taste of English humour指导课件 新人教版必修4


教材复习篇
必修四 Units 3~5

Unit3 A taste of English humour

Ⅰ.晨背5分钟
一、短语晨背 1.up to now直到现在 2.feel/be content with对……满足 3.badly off穷的;缺少的

4.pick out挑出;辨别出
5.cut off切断;断绝 6.star in担任主角;主演

7.be remembered as...作为……而被铭记 8.on the edge of在……边缘 9.worse off境况更差 10.be set in...以……为背景

3.The acting is so convincing that it makes you believe that it
is one of the best meals he has ever tasted! 卓别林的表演是那么有说服力,以至于你会相信这顿饭是 他吃过的最美味的一餐! 4.I observed him directing as well as acting.

我发现他既能导演又能表演。

Ⅱ.单词自查 1. comedy
2. content 3. ordinary 4. throughout

n.喜剧 adj.满足的;满意的n.满足vt.使满足 adj.平常的;普通的 prep.遍及;贯穿adv.到处;始终;全部

5. homeless

adj.无家的;无家可归的

6. moustache

n.小胡子

7. worn adj.用旧的;用坏的;破烂的 8. overcome vt. & vi.战胜;克服
9. chew vt. & vi.嚼碎;咀嚼(食物) adj.突出的;杰出的;显著的 n.姿态;手势vi.做手势 10. outstanding 11. gesture

12. occasion 13. budget

n.时刻;场合
n.预算;开支

14. slide vt.& vi.(使)滑动;(使)滑行n.滑;滑动;幻灯片 15. explanation n.解释;讲解;说明 16. detective n.侦探

17. vast
19. drunk 可笑的

adj.巨大的;辽阔的

18. mess n.脏或乱的状态 adj.醉的 adj.滑稽的; 20. humour n.幽默;滑稽→ humorous

21. performer n.表演者;演出者→perform v.演出,表演 →

performance

n.演出 astonishing adj.令人感到惊讶的→

22. astonish vt.使惊诧→

astonished adj.感到惊讶的→ astonishment

n.惊讶

23.fortunate adj.幸运的;吉利的→ fortune n.幸运,运气 24. entertain vt.& vi.使欢乐;款待→ entertaining adj.愉快 的;有趣的

25. failure

n.失败(者)→ fail v.失败 adj.令人信服的

26. convince vt.使信服→ convincing

27. direct vt.& vi.导演;指导;指挥adj.直的;直接的;直

率的→ director n.导演→ direction n.导演 28. particular adj.特殊的;特别的→ particularly adv.特殊
地;特别地 29. actress 30. amuse n.女演员→ actor n.男演员 vt.使发笑;使愉快→ amusing adj.好笑的;

有趣的

31. mountainous adj.多山的;山一般的→ mountain n.山 脉,山地,山 32. whisper n.耳语;低语vt.& vi.低语;小声说

content n.内容,题材,含量,目录(常用复数) adj.满足的,高兴的 vt.使……满足 ①I like the style of the book,but I don’t like the content. 我喜欢这本书的风格,但不喜欢它的内容。

②She was content with the development of bilateral ties and

would try to further promote this friendship.
她对双边关系的发展非常满意并将努力进一步促进这种友 谊。 ③As he had to drive home after the party,he contented himself with two glasses of beer.

他因为晚会后要开车回家,所以只限自己喝了两杯啤酒就
算了。

温 馨 提 示 : ① content 一 般 只 能 作 表 语 , 不 用 作 定 语 , contented则可用作定语,如a contented smile满意的微笑。 ②content 作形容词时,只能说well content,不能说very content。

③当与“风格,形式”相对应时,content“内容”是不可数
名词,当content作“内容”时是可数名词,复数是contents。

①be content to do sth.=be willing to do sth.=be ready to do sth.愿意做……(不能用contented替换)

②be content with对……满意/满足
③content sb.with sth.使……满足于…… ④in content and form在内容和形式上 ⑤contents of the book这本书的目录 ⑥to one’s heart’s content尽情地,心满意足地

完成句子 ①我们不满足于现有的成就。 We are not content with what we have achieved.

②我父母很高兴在农村过安静的生活。
My parents are content to live quietly in the country. content ourselves with book knowledge ③我们不可满足于仅仅有一点书本知识。 We should never only.

astonish vt.使惊讶;使吃惊 ①He was astonished to hear that he had got the job.

听到获得了那份工作他感到很惊讶。
②There were an astonishing number of applicants for the job. 申请这份工作的人数多得惊人。 ③He looked at me in astonishment.他惊奇地看着我。

①astonish sb.使某人震惊

②be astonished at/by sth.因某事而吃惊
③be astonished to do sth.因干某事而吃惊 ④to one’s astonishment使某人万分惊讶的是 ⑤in astonishment惊讶地

语气较强,指出乎预料,意外发生,但又无法解释 astoni 而感到惊奇。在现代英语中通常表示某事使人震惊 sh 得难以置信,但没有“惊叹”的意思。 普通用词,多指因未预料到或意外的事而引起的惊 surpris 奇之感。其含义是使人一愣。这种吃惊可能包含着 e 高兴也可能包含害怕或忧虑。 语气较强,指因认为不可能或极少可能发生情况的 出现而感到惊讶或迷惑不解。它所表示的吃惊中包 amaze 含着使人迷惑不解、困窘或惊疑不定。间或还有“ 惊叹,佩服”的意思。

用astonish,amaze或surprise的适当形式填空 ①The magician’s next trick will astonish you.

②His anger surprised
person. ③Visitors were amazed

me—I had thought he was a calm

at the achievements in the car

manufacture of the city during the past decade.

entertain vt.& vi.使快乐;款待,招待

①Many of the ancient Romans found it entertaining and
amusing to watch others die. 许多古代罗马人看到别人死去感到很高兴,很有趣。 ②Bob and Liz entertained us to dinner last night. 昨晚鲍勃和利兹设宴招待了我们。

③If you want entertainment in the city,you can go to a film or play. 如果在城里要有什么娱乐活动,可以去看电影或是看戏。

①entertain sb.(to sth.)宴客;招待,款待某人(尤指在自己家 中)

②entertain sb.(with sth.)(用……)使某人快乐

完成句子 ①这个孩子正在搭积木玩。 The child is entertaining himself with his building blocks.

②那个镇上几乎没有娱乐设施。 There are few entertainments
③这类机器人是为娱乐而设计的。

in that town.

This type of robot is intended only for entertainment

.

convince vt.使确信;使信服;说服 ①I believe that the Philippine government will take measures to convince the tourists from China including Hong Kong that this is a

safe country to travel to.
我相信菲律宾政府会采取措施让来自中国包括香港的游客 相信菲律宾是一个旅行安全的国家。

②Her smile convinced me that she was happy.

她的微笑使我确信她是快乐的。
③It’s hard to convince my family that we can’t afford a new car. 很难让我的家人相信我们买不起新车。

①convince sb.of sth.使某人相信…… ②convince sb.to do说服某人干……

③convince sb.that...使确信……
④be convinced of sth./that...确信……;坚信……

完成句子
①那种解释无法使我信服。 That explanation doesn’t convince convince me. ②我设法使他们相信我的清白。 I tried to them of my innocence.

③我们说服他开车去。
We convinced him to go by car.

direct vt.& vi.导演;指挥;指示 adj.径直的;直接的;直率的 adv.直接地 ①She personally directs the operations of the company. 她亲自指挥公司的运作。 ②He took a direct flight to New York.他直飞纽约。

③The next flight doesn’t go direct to Rome.It goes by way of Paris. 下一班飞机不直飞罗马,要经过巴黎。

①direct one’s energies to the task致力于工作 ②go direct to...直达某地 ③be in direct contact with sb.与某人有直接联系

④direct sb.to...给某人指路,为某人领路
⑤direct sb.to do指示/命令某人做某事 ⑥the direct road/train直通道路/直达列车

作副词时,表示“直接地,不绕(圈子)地”,常指空 direct 间、距离等,如行程中的中途不停顿、不绕道。 direct也可表示“亲自地”,相当于personally。 表示“直接地”,指方式,相当于in a direct directl manner,和“间接地”相对应。而且,directly还可 y 表示“立刻”,相当于at once。在口语中,directly 可作连词,相当于as soon as。

用direct,directly的适当形式填空 ①They left directly the meeting was over. ②These goods are all imported direct from the United States.

particular adj.特殊的;特别的;特定的;异常的;详细 的;讲究的

n. 一条;一个细节;个别情况;特点
①These documents are of particular importance. 这些文件特别重要。

②Her particular way of smiling left a good impression on me. 她特有的微笑给我留下了美好的印象。 ③She is particular about what she eats.她过分讲究吃。

①be particular about/over sth.对某事挑剔;对某物讲究

②be particular to为……所特有
③go into particulars详细叙述 ④in every particular每一点;每一项 ⑤in particular特别;尤其

particu 特别的,特殊的,挑剔的。强调与众不同的,特 lar 定的,个别的。 especia 特别的,主要的,突出的。强调的是重要性,有 l “优越,好感”之意。 special 专门的,特殊的,特别的。强调的是事物特有的 性质,性格或专门的目的,用途。

用particular,especial或special的适当形式填空 ①On that particular day,the door was opened. ②You need a special tool to finish the task. hobby. ③Collecting stamps is his especial

sense n.感觉;感官;意识;意义 vt.感觉到,意识到 ①What’s the sense of arguing with him?

同他争论有什么用处呢?
②I sensed that I had made a serious mistake. 我意识到自己犯了个严重的错误。 ③There’s no sense(in)criticizing him.批评他也没有用。

①a sense of humor幽默感 ②common sense共识

③come to one’s senses恢复理智
④in a sense在某种意义上 ⑤make sense有道理,讲的通,有意义 ⑥make sense of理解,弄明白

⑦There is no sense doing...干……没有意义
⑧be sensitive to对……敏感 ⑨be sensible of察觉到…… ⑩It’s sensible of sb.to do...某人做……是明智的

完成句子

①What he said doesn’t make any sense
②I

(没道理).

can’t make sense of (不理解)that sentence.

be badly off 生活贫穷,缺钱

①The government claims that most people are better off than
they were five years ago. 政府声称大多数人比五年前境况更好了。

②Many citizens have lost jobs and are now worse off than they were several years ago. 许多公民失去工作,现在比他们几年前的情况更加糟糕。 ③ Even now some universities are badly off for English

teachers.
即使现在在一些大学里,英语教师也很缺乏。

①be badly off for 因缺……而困惑;某物短缺;不够

②be worse off 比以前更穷,更不愉快,更不健康等
③be well off有钱,富裕 ④be well off for sth.充裕 ⑤a better- life小康生活 off ⑥well- family小康之家 off

完成句子 ①我有一间蛮大的房子,所以住得还不坏。 I have got a big room so I’m not too badly off .

②他家境不太富裕。 His family is not well off
We’re well off

.

③我们的新办公室里有很多贮藏东西的地方。 for storage space in the new offices.

pick out 选择,找出,分辨出;了解,领会;衬托 ①Although he had not seen his sister for twenty years,he

picked her out as soon as she got off the plane.
尽管他和妹妹有20年没见了,可她一下飞机他就认出了 她。

②The country’s economic growth picked up in the first three quarters of this year. 在今年的前三个季度国家的经济增长状况得以改善。 ③He picked a book off the shelf and went through the contents.

他从书架上拿了一本书并仔细查看起了目录。

①pick off摘下;取下

②pick up拾起;获得;学会;(车辆等)中途搭(人);使恢复
精神;恢复健康;整理 ③pick up with偶然认识 ④pick over仔细检查,重提 ⑤pick oneself up站起来

完成句子

①那位女士挑出最好的一匹丝绸。 The lady picked out the best piece of silk.
②他从人群中认出了他的姐姐。 He picked out his sister from the crowd.

cut off 切断;砍掉;(from)停止……的供给,断绝关系; 隔绝 ①Just when she had reached the most important point we were

cut off.
她刚刚讲到最要紧的地方,我们的电话就被切断了。 ②We were completely cut off from the outside world. 我们和外界完全隔绝了。

③When the city was cut off,every one knew that the total defeat was certain. 当城市被包围时,大家都知道失败已成定局。

①be cut off被隔绝
②cut out裁剪出;删掉;停止 ③cut through凿穿;抄近路通过 ④cut in闯入;插嘴 ⑤cut up切碎

⑥cut down砍倒;削减;减少
⑦cut across取捷径;走近路

完成句子
①他们在打电话时被中断了。 They phone. ②这个城市的水供应已经被切断好几天了。 were cut off in the middle of their conversation on the

The water supply has been cut off for several days in the city.
③我把头发剪掉卖了。 I had my hair cut off and sold it.

It happened that this was a new species which I had been growing throughout the summer.碰巧这棵花是我整个夏天一直

在栽培的新品种。
It happens/happened +thatclause碰巧,happen作“碰巧”讲 时,主语常常用sb.或用it作形式主语。

①I happened to know about him. 我碰巧知道他的情况。

②He happened to be working in the next room.
他碰巧在隔壁屋里干活。 ③An accident happened to him. 他遇到了一起事故。

①sb.happen to do sth.碰巧做……(不用于进行时态) ②sb.happen to be doing碰巧正在做……

③sb.happen to have done碰巧做过……
④sth.happen to sb./sth. 某人/物出……事了,发生了……情况 ⑤There happens to be...碰巧有……

温馨提示:①某人发生了某种情况用sth.happen to sb.,不用

人作主语,用事情作主语。
②人作主语时,表示“碰巧”用sb.happen to do sth.“某人碰 巧干……”。

完成句子

① It happened that
故)months ago.

(碰巧)I was awake at the time.
(他发生了一起事

② An accident happened to him


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