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Unit4分词作状语


必修四 Unit4 分词作状语
现在分词在句中作状语,修饰谓语动词或整个句子,表示动作发生的原因、时间、方式、结果、条件、伴 随状况等。现在分词一般不用作表目的地状语(通常用不定式表目的地状语) 。 1)表 状语 Walking in the street, I came across an old friend of mine. (=When I was walking in the street, I came across an old friend of mine.) Waiting for the bus, he read a copy of China Daily. (=While waiting for the bus,he read a copy of China Daily.) 2) 表 状语 Being ill, he didn’t go to school. (=as he was ill, he didn’t go to school.) Being a student, you should study hard. (=Since you are a student, you should study hard.) Thinking he might be at home, I called him. (As I thought he might be at home, I called him.) 3)表 的状语 :作伴随状语的分词表示的动作,必须是主语的一个动作,或是与谓语所 表示的动作(或状态)同时发生,或是对谓语表示的动词(或状态)作进一步地补充说明。 Eg. He sat on the sofa, watching TV.(=He sat on the sofa, and watched TV.) 他们笑着谈着走进了教室。 _________________ _ , they went into the classroom. He stood leaning against the wall.(=He stood and leaned against the wall.)

4) 表
Eg. Her mother died in 1990, leaving her with her younger brother. (=Her mother died in 1990, and left her with her younger brother.) 全国到处在传唱这首歌曲,使它成了一首最受欢迎的歌曲。

The song is sung all over the country,__________ 5)表
Using your head, you will find a way. (=If you use your head, you will find a way.) 一直往前走,你就会看到一座白色地房子。

______________________.

_________

_____, you will see a white house.

(6)与逻辑主语构成独立主格:

Waiting for the bus, a bird fell on my head.我等汽车时,一只鸟落到我头上。 All the tickets having been sold out, they went away disappointedly.
所有的票已经卖光了,他们失望地离开了。

Time permitting, we'll do another two exercises.
如果时间允许,我们将做另两个练习。 有时也可用 with (without) +名词(代词宾格)+分词形式 With the lights burning, he fell asleep. 他点着灯睡着了。 (7)作独立成分: Judging from(by) his appearance, he must be an actor. 从外表看,他一定是个演员。

构成 主动形式 一般式 完成式

被动形式 V-ing having V-ed being V-ed having been V-ed
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[高考真题] 1. _______ from heart trouble for years, Professor White has to take some medicine with him wherever he goes. A. Suffered B. Suffering C. Having suffered D. Being suffered 2. Finding her car stolen, _______. A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searched thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help 3. He sent me an e-mail, ________ to get further information. A. hoped B. hoping C. to hope D. hope 4. While building a tunnel through the mountain, _______. A. an underground lake was discovered B. there was an underground lake discovered C. a lake was discovered underground D. the workers discovered an underground lake 5. Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage _____ the girl and took her away, _____ into the woods. A. seizing; disappeared B. seized; disappeared C. seizing; disappearing D. seized; disappearing 6. _______ in the queue for half an hour, Tom suddenly realized that he had left his wallet at home. A. To wait B. Have waited C. Having waited D. To have waited 7. European football is played in 80 countries, ______ it the most popular sport in the world. A. making B. makes C. made D. to make 8. ______ the programme, they have to stay there for another two weeks. A. Not completing B. Not completed C. Not having completed D. Having not completed 9. Though _______ money, his parents managed to send him to university. A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in 10. Having been attacked by terrorists, _______. A. doctors came to their rescue B. the tall building collapsed C. an emergency measure was taken D. warnings were given to tourists 11. As the light turned green, I stood for a moment, not _____, and asked myself what I was going to do. A. moved B. moving C. to move D. being moved 12. The glass doors have taken the place of the wooden ones at the entrance, ___ in the natural light during the day. A. to let B. letting C. let D. having let 13. ____that she didn’t do a good job, I don’t think I am abler than her. (陕西 2007) A. To have said B. Having said C. To say D. Saying 14. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always _____ the same thing. A. saying B. said C. to say D. having said 15. Don’t sit there ________ nothing. Come and help me with this table. A. do B. to do C. doing D. and doing 16.When________different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. A. compared B. being compared C. comparing D. having compared 17. While watching television, ________. A. the doorbell rang B. the doorbell rings C. we heard the doorbell ring D. we heard the doorbell rings 18.The secretary worked late into the night, _____a long speech for the president.
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A. To prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 19. “Can’t you read?” Mary said _______ to the notice. A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily point D. and angrily pointing 20. ____ a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received 21.______ his telephone number, she had some difficulty getting in touch with Bill. A. Not knowing B. knowing not C. Not having known D. Having not known 22.They set out ____ for the ____ boy. A. searching; losing B. searching; lost C. to search; lost D. searched; losing 23.The student sat there, ____ what to do. A. doesn’t knowing B. didn’t knowing C. not know D. not knowing 24. He sat there _____ , with his head on his hand. A. and think B. thinking C. thought D. being thought 25.The ____ Prime Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks, ___ that he had enjoyed his stay here. A. visiting; add B. visited; adding C. visiting; adding D. visited; added 改错

1. Having not seen the film, I can’t tell you what I think of it. 2. The men worked for extra hours got an extra pay. 3. Seen from the top of the hill, we find the city more beautiful. 4. Generally speak, facial expressions are helpful communications, too. 5. Knocking at the door before entering, please.

时间 原因 方式, 伴随状况 laughing and talking 结果 making it the most popular song 条件 walking ahead 1-5CDBDD 6-10CACCB 11-15BBBAC 16-20 CCBAC 21-25ABDBC 1.Not having 2.working 3. Seeing 4. Speaking 5. knock

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